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congenital lumbar stenosis

Falgun H Chokshi, Nadja Kadom, Nishant Dwivedi, Suprateek Kundu, Ahmed Y Moussa, Chadi Tannoury, Tony Tannoury
PURPOSE: A low cost, reproducible radiographic method of diagnosing congenital lumbar spinal stenosis (CLSS) is lacking. We hypothesized that the Cobb angle for lumbar lordosis would be smaller in patients with CLSS, based on observations in our spine clinic patient population. Here, we compared lumbar lordosis Cobb angles with the radiographic ratio method in patients with normal spine imaging, degenerative spinal stenosis, and with CLSS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Orthopedic surgeons categorized patients with low back pain as "Normal," "Degenerative spinal stenosis," and "CLSS" based on clinical presentation and findings on lumbar magnetic resonance imaging...
January 11, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
K M Roetzer, G Uyanik, A Brehm, J Zwerina, S Zandieh, T Czech, P Roschger, B M Misof, K Klaushofer
The Wnt signalling pathway is a critical regulator of bone mass and quality. Several heterozygous mutations in the LRP5 gene, a Wnt co-receptor, causing high bone mass (LRP5-HBM) have been described to date. The pathogenic mechanism is thought to be a gain-of-function caused by impaired inhibition of the canonical Wnt signalling pathway, thereby leading to increased bone formation. We report the cases of two affected family members, a 53-year-old mother and her 23-year-old daughter, with high bone mass (T-scores mother: lumbar spine 11...
February 2018: Bone
Avionna Baldwin, Addisu Mesfin
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and imaging findings of a patient with lumbar stenosis 44 years after posterior spinal fusion for congenital lumbar kyphosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: To our knowledge, there are no long-term follow-up reports after posterior spine fusion (PSF) for congenital kyphosis. Congenital kyphosis is an uncommon deformity with the potential to progress rapidly and result in deformity and neurologic deficits...
November 2017: Spine Deformity
Philip K Louie, Justin C Paul, Jonathan Markowitz, Joshua A Bell, Bryce A Basques, Alem Yacob, Howard S An
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Although lumbar spinal stenosis often presents as a degenerative condition (degenerative stenosis [DS]), some patients present with symptoms from lifelong narrowing of the spinal canal. These patients have congenital stenosis (CS) and present with symptoms of stenosis at a younger age. Patients with CS often have a distinct pathophysiology with fewer degenerative changes but present with multilevel involvement. In the setting of neurologic symptoms, decompression alone while preserving stability has been proposed for both patient populations...
October 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
J G Shi, X M Xu, J C Sun, Y Wang, Y F Guo, H S Yang, Q J Kong, Y Yang, G D Shi, W Yuan, L S Jia
Objective: To define a novel disease-lumbosacral nerve bowstring disease, and propose the diagnostic criteria, while capsule surgery was performed and evaluated in the preliminary study. Methods: From June 2016 to December 2016, a total of 30 patients (22 male and 8 female; mean age of 55.1±9.7 years) with lumbosacral nerve bowstring disease were included in Department of Spine Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, the Second Military Medical University.Lumbosacral nerve bowstring disease was defined as axial hypertension of nerve root and spinal cord caused by congenital anomalies, which could be accompanied by other lesions as lumbar disc herniation, spinal cord stenosis or spondylolisthesis, or aggravated by iatrogenic lesions, resulting in neurological symptoms...
March 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Antonella Giugno, Carlo Gulì, Luigi Basile, Francesca Graziano, Rosario Maugeri, Massimiliano Visocchi, Domenico Gerardo Iacopino
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back and leg pain is a disabling condition, affecting, in most cases, older patients with congenital or acquired spinal stenosis or patients with failed back surgery syndrome. Spinal cord stimulation has been introduced as an effective therapeutic option for those patients who have previously been operated without significant clinical benefits, or for all those patients who are ineligible for traditional surgery. METHODS: We report our experience with ten patients treated with spinal cord stimulation plus medication and physical therapy between November 2014 and September 2015...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
N Kiefer, S F Suter, C Berg, U Gembruch, S U Weber
BACKGROUND: The introduction of routine prenatal screening using ultrasound has led to a substantial increase in diagnoses of fetal disorders that are amenable to intrauterine treatment. While an ultrasound guided insertion of small bore cannulas can be performed under local anesthesia, insertion of a fetoscope usually requires anesthetic management for the mother and the fetus. Additionally, the fetus' intrauterine position may have to be manipulated in order to enable access. Such manoeuvres depend on relaxation of the mother's abdominal wall...
January 2017: Der Anaesthesist
Carola F van Eck, Nicholas T Spina Iii, Joon Y Lee
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a simple and clinically useful morphological classification system for congenital lumbar spinal stenosis using sagittal MRI, allowing clinicians to recognize patterns of lumbar congenital stenosis quickly and be able to screen these patients for tandem cervical stenosis. METHODS: Forty-four subjects with an MRI of both the cervical and lumbar spine were included. On the lumbar spine MRI, the sagittal canal morphology was classified as one of three types: Type I normal, Type II partially narrow, Type III globally narrow...
February 2017: European Spine Journal
Michael R Levitt, Felipe C Albuquerque, Bradley A Gross, Karam Moon, Ashutosh P Jadhav, Andrew F Ducruet, R Webster Crowley
BACKGROUND: Venous sinus stenting is an effective treatment for patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and venous sinus stenosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of venous sinus stenting in the treatment of patients with symptomatic venous sinus stenosis without a diagnosis of IIH. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a prospective multicenter database of patients undergoing venous sinus stenting between January 2008 and February 2016...
May 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Z Cetin, O Altiok-Clark, S Yakut, B Guzel-Nur, E Mihci, S Berker-Karauzum
Interstitial deletion of chromosome 11 long arm is a rare event. In most of the interstitial deletions on the long arm of chromosome 11 both the position and the size of these deletions are heterogeneous making a precise karyotype-phenotype correlation. In only a few of the reported cases has the deletion been molecularly characterized. Our patient was a 13-year-old male presented; mental motor retardation, strabismus, myopia, retinopathy, sensorineural hearing loss, a long and triangular face, a broad forehead, hypotelorism, nasal septal deviation, a beaked nose, hypoplastic ala nasie, bilateral low-set ears, a high arched palate, crowded teeth, retrognathia, thin lips, a long neck, and sloping shoulders, hyperactive behavior, pulmonary stenosis and lumbar scoliosis...
2016: Genetic Counseling
Theodoros Soldatos, Majid Chalian, Shrey Thawait, Alan J Belzberg, John Eng, John A Carrino, Avneesh Chhabra
AIM: To investigate whether congenital lumbar spinal stenosis (CLSS) is associated with a specific degenerative changes of the lumbar spine. METHODS: The lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging studies of 52 subjects with CLSS and 48 control subjects were retrospectively evaluated. In each examination, the five lumbar levels were assessed for the presence or absence of circumferential or shallow annular bulges, annular tears, anterior or posterior disc herniations, epidural lipomatosis, Schmorl's nodes, spondylolisthesis, pars defects, and stress reactions of the posterior vertebral elements...
December 16, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Muhammad Siddique, Mudassar Saeed Pansota, Muhammad Shahzad Saleem, Attique-ur-Rehman
BACKGROUND: Hydronephrosis in children is a common congenital urologic problem with pelviureteric junction obstruction being its most common cause. This study was conducted to evaluate the outcome of pyeloplasty for congenital pelviureteric junction obstruction in children. METHODS: This study was conducted in department of Paediatric Surgery, Quaid-e-Azam Medical College/Bahawal Victoria Hospital, Bahawalpur from July 2008 to December 2010. A total of 50 patients diagnosed on ultrasonography and intravenous urogram as having PUJ obstruction were included...
January 2014: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Piero Pavone, Silvana Briuglia, Raffaele Falsaperla, Amiel Warm, Vito Pavone, Laura Bernardini, Antonio Novelli, Andrea D Praticò, Vincenzo Salpietro, Martino Ruggieri
A 2 ½-year-old girl with multiple congenital anomalies and a de novo 5.6-Mb deletion on chromosome 13q12.11-13q12.13 is reported. She showed choanal atresia, scalp aplasia cutis, mild dysmorphic features, severe malformation of the hands and feet, Sylvian aqueductal stenosis, hydrocephalus, small cerebellum with pointed cerebellar tonsils, cervical, lumbar and sacral clefting, single central incisor and mild developmental delay. The girl's anomalies were compared with: (A) one boy reported by each of Der Kaloustian et al...
July 2014: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Kimio Saito, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Michio Hongo, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoshinori Ishikawa, Yoichi Shimada
INTRODUCTION: Achondroplasia is a genetic disorder of bone growth. Congenital spinal stenosis is a well-known complication of this disease, but, to the best of our knowledge, no cases involving combined stenosis with congenital lumbar spinal stenosis and ossification of the ligamentum flavum in achondroplasia have been reported previously. In this report, we describe a case of a patient with congenital spinal stenosis with achondroplasia combined with ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the lumbar spine, which we treated with decompressive surgery...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
João Levy Melancia, António Fernandes Francisco, João Lobo Antunes
Narrowing of the spinal canal or foramina is a common finding in spine imaging of the elderly. Only when symptoms of neurogenic claudication and/or cervical myelopathy are present is a spinal stenosis diagnosis made, either of the lumbar spine, cervical spine or both (only very rarely is the thoracic spine involved). Epidemiological data suggest an incidence of 1 case per 100 000 for cervical spine stenosis and 5 cases per 100 000 for lumbar spine stenosis. Cervical myelopathy in patients over 50 years of age is most commonly due to cervical spine stenosis...
2014: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Jiu-Haw Yin, Yi-Jung Chuang, Han-Hwa Hu
A 61-year-old man with critical aortic stenosis underwent aortic valve replacement. Mechanical ventilation was applied because of postoperative acute pulmonary edema accompanied by poor ventilation and poor oxygenation, and the patient was also recannulized to an extracorporeal membranous oxygenator. Bilateral pneumothorax was found 2 days later, and the right upper and left lower chest quadrants were drained with pigtail catheters. The patient did not regain consciousness 5 days after cessation of propofol...
June 2013: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Dae-Woong Kwon, Kyung-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Yoon Park, Dong-Kyu Chin, Keun-Su Kim, Young-Eun Cho, Sung-Uk Kuh
PURPOSE: The posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) techniques are commonly used surgical methods for wide indications such as degeneration or trauma. Although they are rarely required for lumbar disk disease in younger patients, there are a few children and adolescents who are indicated for PLIF or TLIF for other reasons, such as congenital severe stenosis with or without lumbar instability that requires wide decompression or severe bony spur that need to be removed...
August 2013: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Regula Schiess, Martin Haeusler
The Nariokotome boy skeleton KNM-WT 15000 is the most complete Homo erectus fossil and therefore is key for understanding human evolution. Nevertheless, since Latimer and Ohman (2001) reported on severe congenital pathology in KNM-WT 15000, it is questionable whether this skeleton can still be used as reference for Homo erectus skeletal biology. The asserted pathologies include platyspondylic and diminutive vertebrae implying a disproportionately short stature; spina bifida; condylus tertius; spinal stenosis; and scoliosis...
March 2013: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Yad Ram Yadav, Vijay Parihar, Sonjjay Pande, Hemant Namdev, Moneet Agarwal
Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is considered as a treatment of choice for obstructive hydrocephalus. It is indicated in hydrocephalus secondary to congenital aqueductal stenosis, posterior third ventricle tumor, cerebellar infarct, Dandy-Walker malformation, vein of Galen aneurism, syringomyelia with or without Chiari malformation type I, intraventricular hematoma, post infective, normal pressure hydrocephalus, myelomeningocele, multiloculated hydrocephalus, encephalocele, posterior fossa tumor and craniosynostosis...
May 2012: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Navkirat S Bajwa, Jason O Toy, Nicholas U Ahn
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Tandem stenosis of the cervical and lumbar spine is known to occur in 5% of individuals with symptomatic neural compression in one region. However, the prevalence of concurrent cervical and thoracic stenosis is not known. Whether this relationship is due to an increased risk of degenerative disease in these individuals, or whether this finding is due to the tandem presence of a congenitally small cervical and thoracic canal is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of concurrent thoracic and cervical stenosis and whether the presence of stenosis in the cervical spine is associated with stenosis in the thoracic spine...
February 2013: Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques
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