Read by QxMD icon Read

Bispecific antibody

Joachim R Kalden
Diverse strategies to develop novel treatments for rheumatoid arthritis which specifically target those patients who do not respond to available medications, including biologics, are currently being explored. New potential therapeutic approaches which may become available as part of standard therapeutic regimens include the propagation of regulatory T cells and-in the future-of regulatory B cells. New biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (b-DMARDs) against interleukin-17 and -6, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and complement component 5 are now standard components of clinical treatment programs...
June 2016: Rheumatol Ther
Ming Sun, Yue Li, Huiwen Zheng, Yiming Shao
The recent discoveries of broadly potent neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies represent a new generation of antiretrovirals for the treatment and prophylaxis. Antibodies are generally considered more effective and safer and have been proved to provide passive protection against mucosal challenge in humanized mice and macaques. Several neutralizing Abs could protect animals against HIV-1 but are not effective when used in an established infected model for therapy. In order to overcome the limitation of antiviral activities, multiple antibody-engineering technologies have been explored to generate "the better" neutralizing antibodies against HIV-1 since bNAbs attack viral entry by various mechanisms...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
B Vijayalakshmi Ayyar, Sushrut Arora, Richard O'Kennedy
Antibody-based therapies have garnered considerable success in recent years. This is due to the availability of strategies to successfully engineer antibodies into humanized forms, better understanding of the biological processes involved in cancer development, the availability of novel recombinant antibody formats, better antibody selection platforms, and improved antibody conjugation methodologies. Such achievements have led to an explosion in the generation of antibodies and antibody-associated constructs for the treatment of cancer and other diseases...
October 10, 2016: Trends in Pharmacological Sciences
Haleh Saber, Ramadevi Gudi, Michael Manning, Emily Wearne, John K Leighton
As sub-therapeutic doses are not medically justifiable in patients with cancer, we retrospectively analyzed data on immune activating products, to assess approaches used in first-in-human (FIH) dose selection, the utility of animal toxicology studies in dose selection, and the length of time to complete FIH trials. The information collected included pharmacology and toxicology data, FIH dose and rationale, and dose-finding trial design. We used the principles of the Hill equation to estimate the FIH doses for antibodies and compared them to the doses administered to patients with acceptable toxicities...
October 12, 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Jörg T Regula, Peter Lundh von Leithner, Richard Foxton, Veluchamy A Barathi, Chui Ming Gemmy Cheung, Sai Bo Bo Tun, Yeo Sia Wey, Daiju Iwata, Miroslav Dostalek, Jörg Moelleken, Kay G Stubenrauch, Everson Nogoceke, Gabriella Widmer, Pamela Strassburger, Michael J Koss, Christian Klein, David T Shima, Guido Hartmann
Anti-angiogenic therapies using biological molecules that neutralize vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) have revolutionized treatment of retinal vascular diseases including age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This study reports preclinical assessment of a strategy to enhance anti-VEGF-A monotherapy efficacy by targeting both VEGF-A and angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2), a factor strongly upregulated in vitreous fluids of patients with retinal vascular disease and exerting some of its activities in concert with VEGF-A...
October 14, 2016: EMBO Molecular Medicine
Phillip M Garfin, Eric J Feldman
While antibody-based therapies have emerged as clinically effective approaches for several hematologic and solid malignancies, they have not played a significant role to date in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). More recently, improvements in antibody-drug conjugate technology, bispecific antibodies, as well as identification of novel AML antigens have re-invigorated enthusiasm for antibody-based therapies for AML. This review describes experiences with former and existing antibody-based therapies for AML, including unconjugated antibodies, antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), radio-labelled antibodies, and immune-engaging antibodies, and discusses the promise and challenges associated with each...
October 12, 2016: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
Guido Ferrari, Barton F Haynes, Scott Koenig, Jeffrey L Nordstrom, David M Margolis, Georgia D Tomaras
HIV-1 is a retrovirus that integrates into host chromatin and can remain transcriptionally quiescent in a pool of immune cells. This characteristic enables HIV-1 to evade both host immune responses and antiretroviral drugs, leading to persistent infection. Upon reactivation of proviral gene expression, HIV-1 envelope (HIV-1 Env) glycoproteins are expressed on the cell surface, transforming latently infected cells into targets for HIV-1 Env-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), which can engage immune effector cells to kill productively infected CD4(+) T cells and thus limit the spread of progeny virus...
October 7, 2016: Nature Reviews. Drug Discovery
W Meschendoerfer, C Gassner, F Lipsmeier, J T Regula, J Moelleken
The increasing complexity of novel biotherapeutics such as bispecific antibodies or fusion proteins raises new challenges for functional characterization. When compared to standard antibodies, two individual interactions and the inter-dependency of binding events need to be considered for bispecific antibodies. We have previously described an SPR-based assay setup, which enables us to assess the binding activity of a bivalent-bispecific molecule to both targets simultaneously and - in addition to one individual target - in a single setup...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Peter Ellmark, Sara M Mangsbo, Christina Furebring, Per Norlén, Thomas H Tötterman
The most important goals for the field of immuno-oncology are to improve the response rate and increase the number of tumor indications that respond to immunotherapy, without increasing adverse side effects. One approach to achieve these goals is to use tumor-directed immunotherapy, i.e., to focus the immune activation to the most relevant part of the immune system. This may improve anti-tumor efficacy as well as reduce immune-related adverse events. Tumor-directed immune activation can be achieved by local injections of immune modulators in the tumor area or by directing the immune modulator to the tumor using bispecific antibodies...
October 6, 2016: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Wei Li, Hongjia Yang, Dimiter S Dimitrov
CD16A (FcγRIIIA) is an activating receptor mostly expressed on natural killer (NK) cells and monocytes/macrophages. It can mediate antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) through low-affinity interaction with human immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc. It can also mediate cell lysis if NK cells are guided by bispecific killer cells engagers (BiKEs). BiKEs showed some success in clinical trials of cancer and are promising candidate therapeutics. However, currently reported BiKEs are based on antibody fragments (scFvs) of relatively large size...
October 3, 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Judith Feucht, Simone Kayser, David Gorodezki, Mohamad Hamieh, Michaela Döring, Franziska Blaeschke, Patrick Schlegel, Hans Bösmüller, Leticia Quintanilla-Fend, Martin Ebinger, Peter Lang, Rupert Handgretinger, Tobias Feuchtinger
T-cell immunotherapies are promising options in relapsed/refractory B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We investigated the effect of co-signaling molecules on T-cell attack against leukemia mediated by CD19/CD3-bispecific T-cell engager. Primary CD19+ ALL blasts (n≥10) and physiologic CD19+CD10+ bone marrow precursors were screened for 20 co-signaling molecules. PD-L1, PD-1, LAG-3, CD40, CD86, CD27, CD70 and HVEM revealed different stimulatory and inhibitory profiles of pediatric ALL compared to physiologic cells, with PD-L1 and CD86 as most prominent inhibitory and stimulatory markers...
September 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Feng Wang, Hong Wang, Yudong Shen, Yongjun Li, Jie-Xian Dong, Zhenlin Xu, Jinyi Yang, Yuanming Sun, Zhili Xiao
A new multi-analyte immunoassay was designed to screen furaltadone metabolite 5-morpholinomethyl-3-amino-2-oxazolidone (AMOZ), malachite green (MG), and leucomalachite green (LMG) in aquatic products using a bispecific monoclonal antibody (BsMAb). Gradient drug mutagenesis methods were separately used to prepare an anti-3-nitrobenzaldehyde-derivatized AMOZ (3-NPAMOZ) hybridoma cell line that was hypoxanthine-guanine-phosphoribosyltransferase (HGRPT) deficient and an anti-LMG hybridoma cell line that was thymidine kinase (TK) deficient...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Karen Manoutcharian, Roxanna Perez-Garmendia, Goar Gevorkian
Recombinant antibody fragments are promising alternatives to full-length immunoglobulins and offer important advantages compared with conventional monoclonal antibodies: extreme specificity, higher affinity, superior stability and solubility, reduced immunogenicity as well as easy and inexpensive large-scale production. Different antibody formats such as single-chain fragment variable (scFv), single-domain antibody fragments (VHHs or sdAbs), bispecific antibodies (bsAbs), intrabodies and nanobodies, are currently being studied in pre-clinical models of cancer as well as infectious and autoimmune diseases and many of them are being tested as therapeutics in clinical trials...
September 30, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
Nikolaos Papadantonakis, Anjali S Advani
This is an exciting time in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) given the advances in the relapsed/refractory setting. The development of antibody treatments (including antibody drug conjugates with toxins) offers a different treatment approach compared with conventional chemotherapy regimens. Moreover, the use of bispecific T-cell-engager antibodies (BiTEs) such as blinatumomab harness the cytotoxic activity of T cells against CD19-positive lymphoblasts. Another strategy involves the use of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Hematology
Carolin Sellmann, Achim Doerner, Christine Knuehl, Nicolas Rasche, Vanita Sood, Simon Krah, Laura Rhiel, Annika Messemer, John Wesolowski, Mark Schuette, Stefan Becker, Lars Toleikis, Harald Kolmar, Bjoern Hock
Bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) and antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), have already demonstrated benefits for the treatment of cancer in several clinical studies, showing improved drug selectivity and efficacy. In particular, simultaneous targeting of prominent cancer antigens, such as EGF receptor (EGFR) and c-MET, by bsAbs has raised increasing interest for potentially circumventing receptor crosstalk and c-MET mediated acquired resistance during anti-EGFR monotherapy. In this study, we combined the selectivity of EGFR x c-MET bsAbs with the potency of cytotoxic agents via bispecific antibody-toxin conjugation...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Jin Hong Kim, Dong Hyun Song, Suk-Jun Youn, Ji Won Kim, Geunyoung Cho, Sun Chang Kim, Hayyoung Lee, Mi Sun Jin, Jie-Oh Lee
Building a sophisticated protein nano-assembly requires a method for linking protein components in a predictable and stable structure. Diabodies are engineered antibody fragments that are composed of two Fv domains connected by short peptide linkers. They are attractive candidates for mediators in assembling protein nano-structures because they can simultaneously bind to two different proteins and are rigid enough to be crystallized. However, comparison of previous crystal structures demonstrates that there is substantial structural diversity in the Fv interface region of diabodies and, therefore, reliable prediction of its structure is not trivial...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Whitney Shatz, Domingos Ng, George Dutina, Athena W Wong, Diana Ronai Dunshee, Junichiro Sonoda, Amy Shen, Justin M Scheer
Bispecific antibodies have shown promise in the clinic as medicines with novel mechanisms of action. Lack of efficient production of bispecific IgGs, however, has limited their rapid advancement. Here, we describe a single-reactor process using mammalian cell co-culture production to efficiently produce a bispecific IgG with four distinct polypeptide chains without the need for parallel processing of each half-antibody or additional framework mutations. This method resembles a conventional process, and the quality and yield of the monoclonal antibodies are equal to those produced using parallel processing methods...
September 28, 2016: MAbs
Joerg U Schmohl, Martin Felices, Deborah Todhunter, Elizabeth Taras, Jeffrey S Miller, Daniel A Vallera
BACKGROUND: The design of a highly effective anti-cancer immune-engager would include targeting of highly drug refractory cancer stem cells (CSC). The design would promote effective antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) and simultaneously promote costimulation to expand and self-sustain the effector NK cell population. Based on our bispecific NK cell engager platform we constructed a tetraspecific killer engager (TetraKE) comprising single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) binding FcγRIII (CD16) on NK cells, EpCAM on carcinoma cells and CD133 on cancer stem cells in order to promote ADCC...
September 16, 2016: Oncotarget
Jing Li, Changhua Zhou, Bin Dong, Hong Zhong, Siqi Chen, Qing Li, Zhong Wang
Bispecific antibodies have emerged as powerful therapeutic agents given their high specificity and ability to induce a potent immune response. Various bispecific antibody formats have been designed and studied regarding their applications in cancer therapy, though associated with issues of short half-life or manufacturing difficulties. Herein, a novel bispecific antibody, SS-Fc, was constructed by pairing two single-domain antibodies, anti-CD16 and anti-CEA, which were fused with CH3 "knobs into holes" mutations individually...
September 19, 2016: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Marina Bacac, Christian Klein, Pablo Umana
Carcinoembryonic antigen T cell bispecific antibody (CEA TCB) is a bispecific antibody used to recognize CEA and CD3e via a novel molecular format (2:1) that induces T cell-mediated killing of CEA over-expressing tumors while sparing primary cells with low CEA expression. CEA TCB treatment inhibits tumor growth and generates a highly inflamed tumor microenvironment.
August 2016: Oncoimmunology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"