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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619782/what-stage-are-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-at-with-patient-safety-curriculum-implementation-and-what-are-the-barriers-to-implementation-a-two-stage-cross-sectional-study
#1
Liane R Ginsburg, Neelam Dhingra-Kumar, Liam J Donaldson
OBJECTIVES: The improvement of safety in healthcare worldwide depends in part on the knowledge, skills and attitudes of staff providing care. Greater patient safety content in health professional education and training programmes has been advocated internationally. While WHO Patient Safety Curriculum Guides (for Medical Schools and Multi-Professional Curricula) have been widely disseminated in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) over the last several years, little is known about patient safety curriculum implementation beyond high-income countries...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618912/hypertension-overly-important-but-under-controlled
#2
Monique Eam van Kleef, Wilko Spiering
Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and death. Despite increased knowledge of its importance in cardiovascular disease, the worldwide prevalence is still increasing and there is considerable scope for improvement of awareness, treatment and control. In this review, five major issues in hypertension management in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease will be outlined. The first two issues will address hypertension diagnosis: out-of-office blood pressure measurements and the detection of secondary hypertension...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612689/evaluation-of-flood-preparedness-in-government-healthcare-facilities-in-eastern-province-sri-lanka
#3
Jessica M Farley, Inoka Suraweera, W L S P Perera, Jeremy Hess, Kristie L Ebi
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is vulnerable to floods and other hydro-meteorological disasters. Climate change is projected to increase the intensity of these events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the flood preparedness in healthcare facilities in Eastern Province. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods study conducted in Trincomalee District. Surveys were conducted in 31 government healthcare facilities, using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire covering the last 5 years...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605500/focus-on-an-unusual-rise-in-pancreatic-cancer-incidence-in-france
#4
Anne-Marie Bouvier, Zoé Uhry, Valérie Jooste, Antoine Drouillard, Laurent Remontet, Guy Launoy, Nathalie Leone
Background: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal. Most countries have exhibited a stable or decreasing incidence over time. The aim of this study was to provide updated French temporal trends in pancreatic cancer incidence and mortality over the past three decades. Methods: Incidence was estimated using the French National Network of Cancer Registries (FRANCIM) and mortality using the French Mortality Statistics Office. World age-standardized incidence and mortality were modelled by age-period-cohort models...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602936/allergic-rhinitis-and-its-impact-on-asthma-aria-guidelines-2016-revision
#5
Jan L Brożek, Jean Bousquet, Ioana Agache, Arnav Agarwal, Claus Bachert, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, G Walter Canonica, Thomas Casale, Niels H Chavannes, Jaime Correia de Sousa, Alvaro A Cruz, Carlos A Cuello-Garcia, Pascal Demoly, Mark Dykewicz, Itziar Etxeandia-Ikobaltzeta, Ivan D Florez, Wytske Fokkens, Joao Fonseca, Peter W Hellings, Ludger Klimek, Sergio Kowalski, Piotr Kuna, Kaja-Triin Laisaar, Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann, Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Peter J Manning, Eli Meltzer, Joaquim Mullol, Antonella Muraro, Robyn O'Hehir, Ken Ohta, Petr Panzner, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Hae-Sim Park, Gianni Passalacqua, Ruby Pawankar, David Price, John J Riva, Yetiani Roldán, Dermot Ryan, Behnam Sadeghirad, Boleslaw Samolinski, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier, Aziz Sheikh, Alkis Togias, Antonio Valero, Arunas Valiulis, Erkka Valovirta, Matthew Ventresca, Dana Wallace, Susan Waserman, Magnus Wickman, Wojtek Wiercioch, Juan José Yepes-Nuñez, Luo Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Mihaela Zidarn, Torsten Zuberbier, Holger J Schünemann
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis affects 10 to 40% of the population. It reduces quality of life, school and work performance, and is a frequent reason for office visits in general practice. Medical costs are large but avoidable costs associated with lost work productivity are even larger than those incurred by asthma. New evidence has accumulated since the last revision of the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma - ARIA guidelines in 2010 prompting its update. OBJECTIVE: To provide a targeted update of the ARIA guidelines...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602858/verbal-abuse-and-physical-assault-in-the-emergency-department-rates-of-violence-perceptions-of-safety-and-attitudes-towards-security
#6
Bradley Partridge, Julia Affleck
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Department (ED) workers are prone to occupational violence, however the extent and impact of this may not be evenly felt across all roles in the ED. AIMS: Explore: 1) the rate of verbal abuse and physical assaults experienced by ED staff, 2) perceptions of safety, 3) attitudes towards security officers, and 4) formal reporting of incidents. METHODS: 330 ED workers were surveyed at four public hospitals in one metropolitan health service district in Queensland, Australia, including 179 nurses, 83 medical staff, 44 administration staff, 14 allied health, and 9 operational...
June 8, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593080/urinary-trans-trans-muconic-acid-is-not-a-reliable-biomarker-for-low-level-environmental-and-occupational-benzene-exposures
#7
Amir Jalai, Zahra Ramezani, Karim Ebrahim
BACKGROUND: Benzene is a known occupational and environmental pollutant. Its urinary metabolite trans, trans-muconic acid (tt-MA) has been introduced by some environmental and occupational health regulatory associations as a biological index for the assessment of benzene exposure; however, recently, doubts have been raised about the specificity of tt-MA for low-level benzene exposures. In the present study, we investigated the association between urinary levels of tt-MA and inhalational exposure to benzene in different exposure groups...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584337/-hbv-hcv-and-hiv-infection-prevalence-among-prison-staff-in-the-light-of-occupational-risk-factors
#8
Maria Gańczak, Zbigniew Szych
BACKGROUND: Objectives of the study: to assess the occupational risk for blood-borne infections (BBIs) among prison staff (number/ circumstances of blood exposures and preventive methods used), and to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey, which included serological testing with the use of 3-generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) was completed on active staff at a correctional facility in Goleniów, Poland, between June-July 2015...
May 15, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581185/serial-office-based-steroid-injections-for-treatment-of-idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis
#9
Matthew R Hoffman, Adam R Coughlin, Seth H Dailey
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Current treatment options for idiopathic subglottic stenosis include endoscopic interventions, resection, and tracheotomy. Recently, serial office-based steroid injections were proposed as an alternative that may stabilize or induce regression of airway stenosis without the need for repeated operations. Procedure completion rate, pain, complications, effect on stenosis, time since the last operation, and limitations have not been described. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
June 5, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571566/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-related-to-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-general-public-in-galle-district-in-southern-sri-lanka-a-pilot-study
#10
H M M Herath, N P Weerasinghe, H Dias, T P Weerarathna
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a global epidemic with significant disability and premature death. Identification of the level of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) related to diabetes among the general public is important in strategies for prevention of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study was conducted as a community based cross sectional study in three Medical Officers of Health (MOH) areas in Galle district. Previously healthy literate individuals who have not attended any diabetes education program in the last two years were selected for this study...
June 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569455/nordic-walking-and-specific-strength-training-for-neck-and-shoulder-pain-in-office-workers-a-pilot-study
#11
Atle H Saeterbakken, Solveig Nordengen, Vidar Andersen, Marius S Fimland
BACKGROUND: More than half of all adults have experienced neck pain during the last six months. Studies have demonstrated reduced pain in the neck-and shoulder region after specific strength training of the affected muscles, but specific endurance training of neck and shoulder muscles has not been properly examined. AIM: To examine the impact of Nordic walking (NW) compared to specific strength training (ST) and a non-training control group (Con) on self-reported neck-and shoulder pain among office workers...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566088/factors-associated-with-utilization-of-skilled-service-delivery-among-women-in-rural-northern-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
William Gudu, Bright Addo
BACKGROUND: Ghana's current Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of 319 per 100,000 live births makes achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal of 70 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births or less by 2030 appear to be illusory. Skilled assistance during childbirth is a critical strategy to reducing maternal mortality, yet the proportion of deliveries taking place within health facilities where such assistance is provided is very low in Ghana, with huge disparity between urban and rural women...
May 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557776/the-breastfeeding-friendly-pediatric-office-practice
#13
Joan Younger Meek, Amy J Hatcher
The landscape of breastfeeding has changed over the past several decades as more women initiate breastfeeding in the postpartum period and more hospitals are designated as Baby-Friendly Hospitals by following the evidence-based Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. The number of births in such facilities has increased more than sixfold over the past decade. With more women breastfeeding and stays in the maternity facilities lasting only a few days, the vast majority of continued breastfeeding support occurs in the community...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554346/clay-and-polymer-based-composites-applied-to-drug-release-a-scientific-and-technological-prospection
#14
Lyghia Maria Araújo Meirelles, Fernanda Nervo Raffin
There has been a growing trend in recent years for the development of hybrid materials, called composites, based on clay and polymers, whose innovative properties render them attractive for drug release. The objective of this manuscript was to conduct a review of original articles on this topic published over the last decade and of the body of patents related to these carriers. A scientific prospection was carried out spanning the period from 2005 to 2015 on the Web of Science database. The technological prospection encompassed the United States Patent and Trademark Office, the European Patent Office, the World International Patent Office and the National Institute of Industrial Property databases, filtering patents with the code A61K...
2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538047/auditory-processing-disorder-what-does-it-mean-and-what-can-be-done
#15
Krista Bartlett, Elissa Kelley, Julie Purdy, Martin T Stein
Julian, an 11-year-old boy in the sixth grade with a compliant disposition and a positive attitude, has had a significant decline in his academic performance over the last 2 years. He spends much of his time in the nurse's office with headaches and fatigue. He reports that he cannot concentrate or follow along in class. Vision and hearing screenings were normal.Julian's teachers report that although he has no behavior problem, he is inattentive and does not put forth the effort she feels he is capable of giving...
June 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472830/definitive-contraception-trends-in-a-ten-year-interval
#16
Cecília Maria Ventuzelo Marques, Magda Maria do Vale Pinto Magalhães, Maria João Leal da Silva Carvalho, Giselda Marisa Costa Carvalho, Francisco Augusto Falcão Santos Fonseca, Isabel Torgal
Objective To evaluate the trends in definitive contraception in a ten-year interval comprising the years 2002 and 2012. Method Retrospective analysis of the tubal sterilization performed in our service in 2002 and 2012, analyzing the demographic characteristics, personal history, previous contraceptive method, definite contraception technique, effectiveness and complications. Results Definitive contraception was performed in 112 women in 2002 (group 1) and in 60 women in 2012 (group 2). The groups were homogeneous regarding age, parity, educational level and personal history...
May 4, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464594/-analysis-on-the-performance-evaluation-of-the-global-fund-malaria-programme-in-china-from-2003-to-2013
#17
Q F Zhang, R B Wang, B Zheng, Z G Xia, S S Zhou
Objective: To analyze the performance of the 5 Global Fund Malaria Programmes in China from 2003 to 2013. Methods: All of the proposals, summaries, progress reports, survey reports, Monitoring& Evaluation reports, and performance rating reports of the 5 Global Fund Malaria Programmes in China and the epidemic data of program areas were collected for statistical analysis from 2012 to 2014. Symposiums were held with relevant experts from national and provincial Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, program managers and staffs from national and provincial Global Fund Malaria Programme offices...
May 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457746/comparing-the-palliative-care-needs-of-those-with-cancer-to-those-with-common-non-cancer-serious-illness
#18
Doran Bostwick, Steven Wolf, Greg Samsa, Janet Bull, Donald H Taylor, Kimberly S Johnson, Arif H Kamal
BACKGROUND: Historically, palliative care has been focused on those with cancer. Although these ties persist, palliative care is rapidly integrating into the care of patients with common, non-cancer serious illnesses. Despite this, the bulk of literature informing palliative care practices stems from the care of cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: We compared functionality, advanced care planning, hospital admissions, prognosis, quality of life, pain, dyspnea, fatigue, and depression between patients with cancer and three non-cancer diagnoses-end-stage renal disease (ESRD), heart failure (HF), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446847/knowledge-experiences-and-training-needs-of-health-professionals-about-disaster-preparedness-and-response-in-southwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Negalign Berhanu, Hailay Abrha, Yohannes Ejigu, Kifle Woldemichael
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, the magnitude and intensity of disasters have been vividly rising globally due to the forces of nature or man. This study aimed at assessing the perceived knowledge, experiences and training needs of health professionals regarding disasters, their prevention and management in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional survey was conducted on 377 health professionals taken from 9 randomly selected districts out of 18...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440068/correlates-of-verbal-and-physical-aggression-among-patrons-of-licensed-venues-in-australia
#20
Shannon Hyder, Kerri Coomber, Amy Pennay, Nicolas Droste, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Tina Lam, William Gilmore, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The current study aimed to examine the association between patron demographics and substance use, and experiences of verbal and physical aggressive incidents within the last 3 months among patrons of night-time entertainment precincts (NEP) in Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patron interviews (n = 4216) were conducted around licensed venues in the NEPs of five Australian cities. Seven correlates of verbal and physical aggressive incidents were examined: gender, age, occupation, blood alcohol concentration, pre-drinking, energy drink use and illicit drug use in the current session...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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