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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149474/interventions-for-old-world-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#1
REVIEW
Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Begoña Monge-Maillo, Mariona Pinart, Patricia Lopez Pereira, Emely Garcia-Carrasco, Pedro Campuzano Cuadrado, Ana Royuela, Irene Mendez Roman, Rogelio López-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by a parasitic infection, is considered one of the most serious skin diseases in many low- and middle-income countries. Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis (OWCL) is caused by species found in Africa, Asia, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and India. The most commonly prescribed treatments are antimonials, but other drugs have been used with varying success. As OWCL tends to heal spontaneously, it is necessary to justify the use of systemic and topical treatments...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147757/prospective-evaluation-of-co2-laser-assisted-sclerectomy-surgery-class-with-mitomycin-c
#2
Carlo Alberto Cutolo, Alessandro Bagnis, Riccardo Scotto, Chiara Bonzano, Carlo Enrico Traverso
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy of CO2 laser-assisted sclerectomy surgery (CLASS) with Mitomycin C (MMC) in open angle glaucoma (OAG). METHODS: This was a prospective, uncontrolled, interventional case series. All subjects underwent CLASS procedure by a single surgeon. After the dissection of a partial thickness scleral flap, topical MMC 0.2 mg/ml was applied to the sclera and the conjunctiva for 3 min. The CO2 laser with a beam-manipulating system was used to ablate the scleral tissue and expose the Schlemm's canal area...
November 17, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130997/non-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-prevalence-clinical-predictors-and-outcomes
#3
Siyar Erdogmus, Saba Kiremitci, Zeynep Kendi Celebi, Serkan Akturk, Neval Duman, Kenan Ates, Sehsuvar Erturk, Gokhan Nergizoglu, Sim Kutlay, Sule Sengul, Arzu Ensari, Kenan Keven
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most frequent microvascular complications of diabetes and is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease worldwide. In patients with diabetes, non-diabetic kidney disease (NDKD) can also occur. NDKD can be either alone or superimposed with the DKD. In this study, we aimed to investigate the utility of kidney biopsy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the predictability of diagnosing DKD versus NDKD from clinical and laboratory data...
November 1, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120203/outreach-as-intervention-the-evolution-of-outreach-and-preventive-programming-on-college-campuses
#4
Thomas Golightly, Kelly Thorne, Andrea Iglesias, Ed Huebner, Teresa Michaelson-Chmelir, Jane Yang, Kelly Greco
It is widely acknowledged that demand for clinical services at university and college counseling centers (CCs) has increased over the last several years. CCs have had to adapt service delivery methods to meet the demand for services. One of the more recent developments in CCs lies in providing primary (preventive) interventions to the campus at-large through outreach and preventive programming. These interventions are aimed toward reducing demand as opposed to promoting services and gathering potential clients...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113257/potato-freeze-thaw-solution-enhances-immune-function-and-antitumor-activity-in-vivo
#5
Guihua Xu, Jie Shen, Peng Sun, Yan Niu, Pengwei Zhao, Pingping Tang, Jiayi Zhang, Chunxue Fei, Leinan Bu, Zhiyi Yue, Honghao Liu, Zhiqiang Wang, Limin Yang, Dejun Sun
Although potato extract, derived from various methods, exhibits anticancer, antiviral and anti-parasite activities in vitro and in vivo, the bioactivity of potato solution remains unclear using the freeze-thaw extraction method granted by the State Intellectual Property Office of China. In the present study, a potato freeze-thaw solution (PFTS) was fed to mice with ascites tumor that were pre-treated with cyclophosphamide. The numbers of peripheral white blood cells (WBCs), macrophage phagocytosis, lymphocyte transformation and survival of mice were measured...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097011/idiopathic-supraglottic-stenosis-refractory-to-multiple-interventions-improved-with-serial-office-based-steroid-injections
#6
Matthew R Hoffman, Johnny P Mai, Seth H Dailey
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to describe a patient with idiopathic supraglottic stenosis who experienced persistent disease despite multiple office-based and operative interventions, whose disease is now better controlled with scheduled serial office-based steroid injections. METHODS: This is a case report and literature review. RESULTS: A 42-year-old female was referred for worsening supraglottic stenosis despite systemic steroids...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084002/central-arteriovenous-anastomosis-to-treat-resistant-hypertension
#7
Vikas Kapil, Paul A Sobotka, Mel D Lobo, Roland E Schmieder
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Novel, interventional treatments have emerged in the last decade for the treatment of resistant hypertension. This review focuses on a unique device that creates a fixed calibre, central iliac arteriovenous anastomosis that is significantly different in haemodynamic and safety profile from traditional haemodialysis fistulae. The background, physiology, and clinical data to date will be presented. RECENT FINDINGS: The single, randomized, controlled clinical trial using the ROX coupler in patients with resistant hypertension demonstrated substantial reductions in both office and ambulatory blood pressure to 12-month postimplantation...
October 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077176/long-term-remission-of-ocular-cicatricial-pemphigoid-off-immunomodulatory-therapy
#8
Caiyun You, Lina Ma, Stephen D Anesi, C Stephen Foster
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether long-term remission of ocular cicatricial pemphigoid (OCP) after withdrawal of immunomodulatory therapy (IMT) is possible. METHODS: A total of 34 of 464 presenting patients (66 eyes) with biopsy-proven OCP in long-term remission off IMT were identified after finishing a 2-year IMT regimen without active disease (2005-2015). Long-term remission off IMT for OCP was defined as patients withdrawn from IMT ≥1 year lacking clinically detectable progressive scarring according to Foster staging and subjective assessment...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068051/health-disparities-among-adults-with-voice-problems-in-the-united-states
#9
Kevin Hur, Sheng Zhou, Caitlin Bertelsen, Michael M Johns
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in access to care and healthcare utilization among adults who reported voice problems in 2012. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: The 2012 National Health Interview Survey was utilized to evaluate adults who had a "voice problem in the past 12 months." Multivariate analyses determined the influence of sociodemographic variables on the prevalence of voice problems in adults and access to care. RESULTS: Among 243 million adults in the United States, 17...
October 25, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047413/itactic-implementing-treatment-algorithms-for-the-correction-of-trauma-induced-coagulopathy-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Kjersti Baksaas-Aasen, Lewis Gall, Simon Eaglestone, Claire Rourke, Nicole P Juffermans, J Carel Goslings, Paal Aksel Naess, Susan van Dieren, Sisse Rye Ostrowski, Jakob Stensballe, Marc Maegele, Simon J Stanworth, Christine Gaarder, Karim Brohi, Per I Johansson
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is the fourth leading cause of death globally. Half of all trauma deaths are due to bleeding and most of these will occur within 6 h of injury. Haemorrhagic shock following injury has been shown to induce a clotting dysfunction within minutes, and this early trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) may exacerbate bleeding and is associated with higher mortality and morbidity. In spite of improved resuscitation strategies over the last decade, current transfusion therapy still fails to correct TIC during ongoing haemorrhage and evidence for the optimal management of bleeding trauma patients is lacking...
October 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036941/breast-implant-associated-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-a-transgender-woman
#11
Mintsje de Boer, Wouter B van der Sluis, Jan P de Boer, Lucy I H Overbeek, Flora E van Leeuwen, Hinne A Rakhorst, René R W J van der Hulst, Nathalie J Hijmering, Mark-Bram Bouman, Daphne de Jong
Breast implant-associated anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a rare but serious complication in patients with breast implants, Patients are at risk of BIA-ALCL whether they receive breast implants for cosmetic reasons or for reconstructive purposes after surgery for breast cancer or prophylactic mastectomy. During the past decade, an increased number of reports have addressed BIA-ALCL. Herein, we describe BIA-ALCL in a transgender woman. The patient received breast implants as part of her gender transition and was diagnosed with BIA-ALCL 20 years later...
September 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031838/does-attorney-advertising-influence-patient-perceptions-of-pelvic-mesh
#12
Elizabeth Tippett, Jesse King, Vincent Lucent, Sonya Ephraim, Miles Murphy, Eileen Taff
Objective To measure the relative influence of attorney advertising on patient perceptions of pelvic mesh, compared to a history of surgery and a first urology visit. Materials and Methods A 52-item survey was administered to 170 female patients in two urology offices between 2014 and 2016. Multiple survey items were combined to form scales for benefit and risk perceptions of pelvic mesh, perceptions of the advertising, attitudes towards pelvic mesh, and knowledge of pelvic mesh and underlying medical conditions...
October 11, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029725/bluetongue-virus-from-btv-1-to-btv-27
#13
Guillaume Belbis, Stéphan Zientara, Emmanuel Bréard, Corinne Sailleau, Grégory Caignard, Damien Vitour, Houssam Attoui
Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the type species of genus Orbivirus within family Reoviridae. Bluetongue virus is transmitted between its ruminant hosts by the bite of Culicoides spp. midges. Severe BT cases are characterized by symptoms including hemorrhagic fever, particularly in sheep, loss of productivity, and death. To date, 27 BTV serotypes have been documented. These include novel isolates of atypical BTV, which have been almost fully characterized using deep sequencing technologies and do not rely on Culicoides vectors for their transmission among hosts...
2017: Advances in Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028564/assessing-police-officers-attitudes-and-legal-knowledge-on-behaviors-that-impact-hiv-transmission-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#14
Javier A Cepeda, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo, Maria L Mittal, Teresita Rocha, Mario Morales, Erika Clairgue, Eliane Bustamante, Daniela Abramovitz, Irina Artamonova, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Thomas Kerr, Carlos L Magis-Rodriguez, Leo Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Policing practices such as syringe confiscation and arrest can act as important social-structural drivers of HIV risk among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, police referral to treatment and other services may improve the health of PWID. Little is known about the role of modifiable attitudinal and knowledge factors in shaping officer behavior. Using baseline findings from a police education program (PEP), we assessed relationships between drug policy knowledge and attitudes towards public health interventions with self-reported syringe confiscation, drug arrest, and service referral among street-level police in Tijuana, Mexico...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025227/the-efficacy-of-vibration-anesthesia-on-reducing-pain-levels-during-lip-augmentation-worth-the-buzz
#15
Kirdar Guney, Billur Sezgin, Reha Yavuzer
Background: Lip augmentation procedures have increased drastically in the last years as patients seek to enhance the shape and size of their lips with dermal fillers. One of the main concerns faced with these procedures is the pain inflicted through injections. On the other hand, many different techniques have been introduced for the reduction of pain while performing office-based minimal invasive procedures. Objectives: This study aims to determine the analgesic effect of vibration anesthesia during lip augmentation procedures and to evaluate its overall effect on the comfort of patients...
October 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992514/profile-of-and-expenditure-on-morbidity-and-hospitalizations-among-elderly-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-survey-in-india
#16
Kathiresan Jeyashree, Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Soundappan Kathirvel, Palanivel Chinnakali, Ajay Kumar Mv
INTRODUCTION: Understanding morbidity pattern and associated expenditure is essential for implementation of appropriate healthcare and social security measures for the elderly. This study aims to assess the proportion of ailing persons (PAP) in the last 15days, the utilization of hospitalization services in the last 365days and the expenditure incurred for hospitalizations among the elderly in India. METHODS: This study analysed data from a nationally representative survey by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in 2014-15 on 36,480 rural and 29,452 urban households...
September 29, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990395/an-evaluation-of-reach-for-a-work-site-implementation-of-the-national-diabetes-prevention-program-focusing-on-diet-and-exercise
#17
Victoria A Zigmont, Abigail B Shoben, Gail L Kaye, Richard J Snow, Steven K Clinton, Randall E Harris, Susan E Olivo-Marston
PURPOSE: Our objective is to evaluate the "reach" component of the Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework by comparing prediabetics who were and were not interested in enrolling in a free work site diabetes prevention program (DPP) during the first year of the program. Reach is defined as the proportion of eligible participants who enroll in a health program. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. SETTING: The setting was a large health system in the Midwest...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988180/are-there-any-differences-between-different-testing-sites-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-norwegian-low-threshold-hiv-testing-service-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#18
Bera Ulstein Moseng, Vegar Bjørnshagen
OBJECTIVE: To describe a Norwegian low-threshold HIV testing service targeting men who have sex with men (MSM). DESIGN AND SETTING: After the HIV testing consultation, all users of the HIV testing service were invited to answer the study questionnaire. The study setting included the sites where testing was performed, that is, the testing service's office in Oslo, cruising areas, bars/clubs and in hotels in other Norwegian cities. PARTICIPANTS: MSM users of the testing service...
October 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988103/opioid-tapering-in-patients-with-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-a-retrospective-study
#19
Kehua Zhou, Peng Jia, Swati Bhargava, Yong Zhang, Taslima Reza, Yuan Bo Peng, Gary G Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Opioid use disorder (OUD) refers to a maladaptive pattern of opioid use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. OUD causes, and vice versa, misuses and abuse of opioid medications. Clinicians face daily challenges to treat patients with prescription opioid use disorder. An evidence-based management for people who are already addicted to opioids has been identified as the national priority in the US; however, options are limited in clinical practices...
October 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983394/status-of-surveillance-and-routine-immunization-performances-in-amhara-region-ethiopia-findings-from-in-depth-peer-review
#20
Gebre Asmamaw Lakew, Eshetu Wassie, Ayesheshem Ademe, Ayalneh Fenta, Solomon Wube, Mihret Werede, Achenef Kidane, Leulseged Mekonnen, Teklehaimanot Gebre Hiwot, Kathleen Gallagher
INTRODUCTION: Trend analyses of non-polio AFP and stool adequacy rates in Amhara Region showed optimal performance over the years. However, sub regional gaps continue to persist in certain zones where the reasons for low performance were not well documented. The objective of this study was to assess the performance of the disease surveillance and immunization system in Amhara Region, Ethiopia with emphasis on low performing woredas and zones. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2-10, 2015 to assess the structure, core and support surveillance functions in five zones and two town administrations that were purposively sampled based on differing performances, geographic location, and history of vaccine preventable disease outbreaks among others...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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