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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903917/the-health-of-office-based-workers-in-kingston-jamaica
#1
Jascinth L M Lindo, Janet LaGrenade, Denise Eldemire-Shearer
The health status of Jamaican workers was evaluated as a baseline for workplace health promotion interventions. Socio-demographic, health status, and lifestyle data were collected from 1,087 employees. Blood pressure, glucose and cholesterol levels, and body mass index were measured for study participants. The most common illness reported by the study participants was migraine headaches (16.0%), followed by hypertension (13.5%) and asthma (6.1%). Based on blood pressure measurements, 34.1% were pre-hypertensive (120-139/80-89 mmHg), 13...
November 30, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882866/the-performance-of-community-health-workers-in-the-management-of-multiple-childhood-infectious-diseases-in-lira-northern-uganda-a-mixed-methods-cross-sectional-study
#2
Phillip Wanduru, Moses Tetui, Doreen Tuhebwe, Michael Ediau, Monica Okuga, Christine Nalwadda, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Peter Waiswa, Elizeus Rutebemberwa
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to reduce child mortality by improving access to care, especially in remote areas. Uganda has one of the highest child mortality rates globally. Moreover, rural areas bear the highest proportion of this burden. The optimal performance of CHWs is critical. In this study, we assess the performance of CHWs in managing malaria, pneumonia, and diarrhea in the rural district of Lira, in northern Uganda. DESIGNS: A cross-sectional mixed methods study was undertaken to investigate the performance of 393 eligible CHWs in the Lira district of Uganda...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853163/long-term-52-week-safety-and-efficacy-of-sacubitril-valsartan-in-asian-patients-with-hypertension
#3
Ouppatham Supasyndh, Ningling Sun, Kazuomi Kario, Kudsia Hafeez, Jack Zhang
Sacubitril/valsartan (LCZ696), a first-in-class angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor, demonstrated significant reductions in office and 24 h ambulatory blood pressure (BP) over 8 weeks in Asian patients with hypertension. This 52-week extension to the 8-week core study was aimed at evaluating the long-term safety, tolerability and efficacy of sacubitril/valsartan. Patients who completed an 8-week randomized study (the core study) were enrolled in this 52-week open-label study and received sacubitril/valsartan 200 mg QD...
November 17, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846288/international-collaboration-and-spatial-dynamics-of-us-patenting-in-central-and-eastern-europe-1981-2010
#4
Balázs Lengyel, Mariann Leskó
How did post-socialist transition and a parallel shift in international labor division restructure regional innovation systems in Central and Eastern Europe? This question is increasingly important, because current EU innovation policy is combined with regional development in Smart Specialization Strategies; however, spatial trends of innovation in Central and Eastern Europe are not fully understood which might lead to less than perfectly efficient policy. In this paper we describe the spatial dynamics of inventor activity in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia between 1981 and 2010 -a period that covers both the late socialist era and the post-socialist transition...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843008/annual-and-seasonal-trends-in-ambulatory-visits-for-pediatric-concussion-in-ontario-between-2003-and-2013
#5
Roger L Zemek, Anne M Grool, Daniel Rodriguez Duque, Carol DeMatteo, Linda Rothman, Eric I Benchimol, Astrid Guttmann, Alison K Macpherson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate annual and seasonal trends in physician office and emergency department (ED) visit rates for pediatric concussion in Ontario between 2003 and 2013. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, population-based study was conducted using linked health administrative data from all concussion-related visits to ED and physician office by children aged 5 through 18 years. Time series analysis was used to assess whether periodic components exist in the monthly number of concussion-related visits...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842581/impact-of-occupational-exposures-on-exacerbation-of-asthma-a-population-based-asthma-cohort-study
#6
Jeong-Lim Kim, Paul K Henneberger, Susanna Lohman, Anna-Carin Olin, Anna Dahlman-Höglund, Eva Andersson, Kjell Torén, Mathias Holm
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a prevalent chronic disease and occupation contributes to approximately 15 % of cases among adults. However, there are still few studies on risk factors for work-exacerbated asthma. The current study investigated the association between asthma exacerbations and occupational exposures. METHODS: The study comprised all currently working adults (n = 1356) who reported ever asthma in prior population-based cohorts. All subjects completed a questionnaire about exposures, occupations and exacerbations of asthma...
November 15, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829773/rehabilitation-of-complicated-crown-root-fracture-by-invisible-approach
#7
V Leela Rani, S Rajalingam, R Hemalatha, J Jananee
Dental trauma is one of the most common and significant problems met in all dental offices almost every day. In particular, injury to the anterior teeth is more vulnerable as it may affect the psychosocial behavior, severe emotional complications can occur leading to disturbances in their mental attitude. Cosmetic (lingual) orthodontics is the recent development in the field of dentistry in the last few decades. Patients are more concerned about their appearance during the treatment and are affected by psychosocial issues because of labially placed brackets, thus leading to the evolution of lingual orthodontic appliances...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815795/charles-william-lacaillade-biologist-parasitologist-educator-and-mentor
#8
Pascal James Imperato
Charles William Lacaillade (1904-1978) was an eminent biologist in the middle decades of the twentieth century. He was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts of parents whose ancestors were French Canadians. His father, also named Charles William Lacaillade, was a dentist who graduated from Tufts University School of Dentistry in 1898. His mother, Elodia Eno, came from a family of very successful businessmen. Lacaillade was the third of six children. His two older brothers, Harold Carleton and Hector Eno, both graduated from the University of Louisville, School of Dentistry, while his younger brother, Lawrence, became a businessman...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804276/impact-of-disease-duration-and-cardiovascular-dysautonomia-on-hypertension-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Davide L Vetrano, Maria S Pisciotta, Vincenzo Brandi, Maria R Lo Monaco, Alice Laudisio, Graziano Onder, Domenico Fusco, Paolo D L Angiocola, Anna R Bentivoglio, Roberto Bernabei, Giuseppe Zuccalà
The authors evaluated the association of Parkinson's disease (PD) duration with hypertension, assessed by office measurements and 24-hour (ambulatory) monitoring, in 167 patients. Hypertension was evaluated through both office and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) measurements. Among participants (mean age 73.4±7.6 years; 35% women), the prevalence of hypertension was 60% and 69% according to office and ambulatory BP measurements, respectively (Cohen's k=0.61; P<.001). PD duration was inversely associated with hypertension as diagnosed by office measurements (odds ratio [OR], 0...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784230/targets-and-patented-drugs-for-chemotherapy-of-chagas-disease-in-the-last-15-years-period
#10
Vilma G Duschak
The American trypanosomiasis, Chagas disease, is a parasitic infection typically spread by triatomine vectors affecting millions of people all over Latin America. Existing chemotherapy is centered on the nitroaromatic compounds benznidazole and nifurtimox that provide unsatisfactory results and substantial side effects. So, the finding and exploration of novel ways to challenge this neglected disease is a main priority. The biologic and biochemical progress in the scientific knowledge of Trypanosoma cruzi in the period comprising the last 15-years, has increased the identification of multiple targets for Chagas´ disease chemotherapy...
October 24, 2016: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783546/risk-of-nondherence-to-diabetes-medications-among-medicare-advantage-enrollees-development-of-a-validated-risk-prediction-tool
#11
Shivani K Mhatre, Omar Serna, Shubhada Sansgiry, Marc L Fleming, E James Essien, Sujit S Sansgiry
BACKGROUND: Low adherence to oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) in the Medicare population can greatly reduce Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) star ratings for managed care organizations (MCOs). OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a risk assessment tool (Prescription Medication Adherence Prediction Tool for Diabetes Medications [RxAPT-D]) to predict nonadherence to OADs using Medicare claims data. METHODS: In this retrospective observational study, claims data for members enrolled in a Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug (MA-PD) program in Houston, Texas, were used...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768128/developing-a-hypnotic-relaxation-intervention-to-improve-body-image-a-feasibility-study
#12
Alison Cieslak, Gary Elkins, Tanima Banerjee, Jessica Marsack, Kimberly Hickman, Alisa Johnson, Norah Henry, Debra Barton
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To determine the content, feasibility, and best outcome of a mind-body intervention involving self-directed hypnotic relaxation to target body image.
. DESIGN: A five-week, uncontrolled, unblinded feasibility intervention study.
. SETTING: Behavioral therapy offices in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Waco, Texas.
. SAMPLE: 10 female breast cancer survivors and 1 breast and gynecologic cancer survivor...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757773/cultural-adaptation-and-implementation-of-family-evidence-based-interventions-with-diverse-populations
#13
Karol Kumpfer, Catia Magalhães, Jing Xie
Family evidence-based interventions (FEBIs) are effective in creating lasting improvements and preventing children's behavioral health problems, even in genetically at-risk children. Most FEBIs, however, were designed for English-speaking families. Consequently, providers have difficulty engaging non-English-speaking populations in their own country or in other countries where the content, language, and recruitment methods of the FEBIs do not reflect their culture. The practical solution has been to culturally adapt existing FEBIs...
October 18, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754290/br-08-2-cardiovascular-risk-assessment-in-hypertensives-with-ckd
#14
Jongha Park
Cardiovascular (CV) risk assessment is not easy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Age, male sex, race, family history of CV disease, smoking status and diabetes should be considered as CV risk factors as the general population. It is also accepted that hypertension (HTN) is associated with the greater risk of CV complications in this population. However, there are some concerns in this issue.First, supporting evidence for specific blood pressure (BP) targets in CKD is scarce. Many observational studies reported a J-shaped association between BP level and CV mortality unlike a linear association in the general population...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754208/apsh-pre-1-what-can-be-improved-in-the-management-of-hypertension
#15
Cheol Ho Kim
On the occasion of ISH 2016 Seoul, which includes the APSH meeting, as the president of APSH, I will briefly summarize the important points in the management of hypertension from the experience in the past 20 years in Korea.I emphasize 4 areas to be improved in hypertension management.The first is how to correctly diagnose hypertension, which should be done by employing out of office BP measurement. In Korea, these modalities are underutilized.The second is how to increase the awareness rate in hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754195/br-06-1-clinical-applications-of-visit-to-visit-blood-pressure-variability
#16
Jinho Shin
Since the introduction of visit to visit blood pressure variability (VVBPV) for cardiovascular outcome, it has long been awaited for prospective intervention trial to reduce VVBPV for evidence based medicine. But because of several hurdles, most importantly, pending measure to reduce VVBPV, such trial may not be available in the near future. It means that current understanding on the VVBPV is not casual but related to the cardiovascular outcome.Waiting for more sound evidence, which can be remained in a clinician's mind struggling not to be indifferent for potential benefit? Firstly, the most important potential confounder in spite of the strict statistical analyses to be published may be the mean blood pressure...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754189/sp-05-2-what-should-be-the-target-blood-pressure-for-ckd-with-overt-proteinuria
#17
Daniel W Jones
Hypertension and Chronic Kidney Disease are both common. The vast majority of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have hypertension. Hypertension can be both a cause and a result of CKD. Many patients with CKD, both diabetic and non-diabetic have overt proteinuria (>300 mg/day). Patients with proteinuria are at higher risk for progression of kidney disease and for atherosclerosis. Because patients with CKD are often excluded from hypertension trials with hard outcomes, there has been until recently less data than ideal to consider in making decisions...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753541/quantifying-the-postural-demands-of-patrol-officers-a-field-study
#18
Michelle Rae, Michelle Girouard, Colin McKinnon, Jack P Callaghan, Wayne J Albert
Police officers have been identified as group at high risk for developing musculoskeletal injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine physical demands differences of patrol officers during day shifts and night shifts. Sixteen participants were recruited (10 males, 6 females) for in-vehicle observation over one full day shift and one full night shift. Dynamic pressure distribution when seated in the vehicle was assessed and compared between the first and last part of each shift. Activity characterization and postural analyses were conducted from video that was recorded continuously for the duration of each shift to determine time spent in each task and corresponding postures...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729133/does-canal-wall-down-mastoidectomy-benefit-syndromic-children-with-congenital-aural-stenosis
#19
Phayvanh P Sjogren, Richard K Gurgel, Albert H Park
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a canal wall down mastoidectomy can provide long-term benefit for children with aural stenosis. METHODS: Retrospective case series of children with congenital aural stenosis having undergone a canal wall down mastoidectomy over a twelve-year period at a tertiary children's hospital. RESULTS: Data from thirteen children who underwent a total of twenty canal wall down mastoidectomies for aural stenosis were reviewed...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725292/development-of-a-cognitive-framework-of-patient-record-summary-review-in-the-formative-phase-of-user-centered-design
#20
Jan Horsky, Harley Z Ramelson
Excellent usability characteristics allow electronic health record (EHR) systems to more effectively support clinicians providing care and contribute to better quality and safety. The Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) therefore requires all vendors to follow a User-Centered Design (UCD) process to increase the usability of their products in order to meet certification criteria for the Safety-Enhanced Design part of the Meaningful Use (stage 2) EHR incentive program. This report describes the initial stage of a UCD process in which foundational design concepts were formulated...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
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