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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731935/predictive-value-of-the-water-drinking-test-and-the-risk-glaucomatous-visual-field-progression
#1
Carlos G De Moraes, Remo Susanna, Lisandro M Sakata, Marcelo Hatanaka
PURPOSE: The purpose of this is to test the hypothesis the intraocular pressure (IOP) peaks during a stress test [the water drinking test (WDT)] can estimate the risk of future visual field progression in treated primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Design: Prospective, longitudinal study. SETTING: Clinical practice. STUDY POPULATION: Treated POAG patients whose IOP was ≤18 mm Hg and who had no IOP-lowering interventions between the date of the WDT and the last eligible visual field...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724317/who-among-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-returned-to-work-after-occupational-rehabilitation-the-rapid-return-to-work-cohort-study
#2
Randi Wågø Aas, Lise Aasen Haveraaen, Evelien P M Brouwers, Lisebet Skeie Skarpaas
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) is known to be severely disabling. On average, 40% of employees return to work (RTW) within two years after injury. There is, however, limited research on what might contribute to successful RTW. AIM: To examine factors that might impact the time-to first RTW for patients with ABI, participating in a RTW-program. METHODS: The study was designed as a cohort study of patients on sick leave due to mild or moderate ABI (n = 137)...
July 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700811/probing-for-congenital-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#3
REVIEW
Carisa Petris, Don Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) is a common condition causing excessive tearing in the first year of life. Infants present with excessive tearing or mucoid discharge from the eyes due to blockage of the nasolacrimal duct system, which can result in maceration of the skin of the eyelids and local infections, such as conjunctivitis, that may require antibiotics. The incidence of nasolacrimal duct obstruction in early childhood ranges from 5% to 20% and often resolves without surgery...
July 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693453/an-account-of-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-nigeria-implications-and-lessons-learnt
#4
Akaninyene Otu, Soter Ameh, Egbe Osifo-Dawodu, Enoma Alade, Susan Ekuri, Jide Idris
BACKGROUND: The 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak remains unprecedented both in the number of cases, deaths and geographic scope. The first case of EVD was confirmed in Lagos Nigeria on 23 July 2014 and spread to involve 19 laboratory-confirmed EVD cases. The EVD cases were not limited to Lagos State as Rivers State recorded 2 confirmed cases of EVD with 1 out of the 2 dying. Swift implementation of public health measures were sufficient to forestall a country -wide spread of this dreaded disease...
July 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679450/constrained-posture-in-dentistry-a-kinematic-analysis-of-dentists
#5
Daniela Ohlendorf, Christina Erbe, Jennifer Nowak, Imke Hauck, Ingo Hermanns, Dirk Ditchen, Rolf Ellegast, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: How a dentist works, such as the patterns of movements performed daily, is also largely affected by the workstation Dental tasks are often executed in awkward body positions, thereby causing a very high degree of strain on the corresponding muscles. The objective of this study is to detect those dental tasks, during which awkward postures occur most frequently. The isolated analysis of static postures will examine the duration for which these postures are maintained during the corresponding dental, respectively non-dental, activities...
July 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659087/final-acts
#6
(no author information available yet)
'Last offices' is the term traditionally used in nursing to describe the final acts of care for a deceased person or someone who is about to die. The chief nursing officer for Ireland has published guidance on nurses' responsibilities before, at the time of and immediately after the person's death.
June 29, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639244/veterinary-public-health-in-italy-from-healthy-animals-to-healthy-food-contribution-to-improve-economy-in-developing-countries
#7
Margherita Cacaci, Rossella Colomba Lelli
The role of the veterinarian as a public health officer is intrinsic to the history and the culture of veterinary organization in Italy. The Veterinary service being part of the Health administration since the birth of the Italian State in the XIX Century. In the second half of the last century the birth of the Italian National Health Service confirmed that the function of the Italian veterinary service was to analyze and reduce the risks for the human population connected to the relationship man-animal-environment, animal health, food safety and security...
June 22, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619782/what-stage-are-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-lmics-at-with-patient-safety-curriculum-implementation-and-what-are-the-barriers-to-implementation-a-two-stage-cross-sectional-study
#8
Liane R Ginsburg, Neelam Dhingra-Kumar, Liam J Donaldson
OBJECTIVES: The improvement of safety in healthcare worldwide depends in part on the knowledge, skills and attitudes of staff providing care. Greater patient safety content in health professional education and training programmes has been advocated internationally. While WHO Patient Safety Curriculum Guides (for Medical Schools and Multi-Professional Curricula) have been widely disseminated in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) over the last several years, little is known about patient safety curriculum implementation beyond high-income countries...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618912/hypertension-overly-important-but-under-controlled
#9
Monique Eam van Kleef, Wilko Spiering
Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease and death. Despite increased knowledge of its importance in cardiovascular disease, the worldwide prevalence is still increasing and there is considerable scope for improvement of awareness, treatment and control. In this review, five major issues in hypertension management in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease will be outlined. The first two issues will address hypertension diagnosis: out-of-office blood pressure measurements and the detection of secondary hypertension...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612689/evaluation-of-flood-preparedness-in-government-healthcare-facilities-in-eastern-province-sri-lanka
#10
Jessica M Farley, Inoka Suraweera, W L S P Perera, Jeremy Hess, Kristie L Ebi
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is vulnerable to floods and other hydro-meteorological disasters. Climate change is projected to increase the intensity of these events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the flood preparedness in healthcare facilities in Eastern Province. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods study conducted in Trincomalee District. Surveys were conducted in 31 government healthcare facilities, using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire covering the last 5 years...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605500/focus-on-an-unusual-rise-in-pancreatic-cancer-incidence-in-france
#11
Anne-Marie Bouvier, Zoé Uhry, Valérie Jooste, Antoine Drouillard, Laurent Remontet, Guy Launoy, Nathalie Leone
Background: Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal. Most countries have exhibited a stable or decreasing incidence over time. The aim of this study was to provide updated French temporal trends in pancreatic cancer incidence and mortality over the past three decades. Methods: Incidence was estimated using the French National Network of Cancer Registries (FRANCIM) and mortality using the French Mortality Statistics Office. World age-standardized incidence and mortality were modelled by age-period-cohort models...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602936/allergic-rhinitis-and-its-impact-on-asthma-aria-guidelines-2016-revision
#12
Jan L Brożek, Jean Bousquet, Ioana Agache, Arnav Agarwal, Claus Bachert, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, G Walter Canonica, Thomas Casale, Niels H Chavannes, Jaime Correia de Sousa, Alvaro A Cruz, Carlos A Cuello-Garcia, Pascal Demoly, Mark Dykewicz, Itziar Etxeandia-Ikobaltzeta, Ivan D Florez, Wytske Fokkens, Joao Fonseca, Peter W Hellings, Ludger Klimek, Sergio Kowalski, Piotr Kuna, Kaja-Triin Laisaar, Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann, Karin C Lødrup Carlsen, Peter J Manning, Eli Meltzer, Joaquim Mullol, Antonella Muraro, Robyn O'Hehir, Ken Ohta, Petr Panzner, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Hae-Sim Park, Gianni Passalacqua, Ruby Pawankar, David Price, John J Riva, Yetiani Roldán, Dermot Ryan, Behnam Sadeghirad, Boleslaw Samolinski, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier, Aziz Sheikh, Alkis Togias, Antonio Valero, Arunas Valiulis, Erkka Valovirta, Matthew Ventresca, Dana Wallace, Susan Waserman, Magnus Wickman, Wojtek Wiercioch, Juan José Yepes-Nuñez, Luo Zhang, Yuan Zhang, Mihaela Zidarn, Torsten Zuberbier, Holger J Schünemann
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis affects 10 to 40% of the population. It reduces quality of life, school and work performance, and is a frequent reason for office visits in general practice. Medical costs are large but avoidable costs associated with lost work productivity are even larger than those incurred by asthma. New evidence has accumulated since the last revision of the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma - ARIA guidelines in 2010 prompting its update. OBJECTIVE: To provide a targeted update of the ARIA guidelines...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602858/verbal-abuse-and-physical-assault-in-the-emergency-department-rates-of-violence-perceptions-of-safety-and-attitudes-towards-security
#13
Bradley Partridge, Julia Affleck
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Department (ED) workers are prone to occupational violence, however the extent and impact of this may not be evenly felt across all roles in the ED. AIMS: Explore: 1) the rate of verbal abuse and physical assaults experienced by ED staff, 2) perceptions of safety, 3) attitudes towards security officers, and 4) formal reporting of incidents. METHODS: 330 ED workers were surveyed at four public hospitals in one metropolitan health service district in Queensland, Australia, including 179 nurses, 83 medical staff, 44 administration staff, 14 allied health, and 9 operational...
June 8, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593080/urinary-trans-trans-muconic-acid-is-not-a-reliable-biomarker-for-low-level-environmental-and-occupational-benzene-exposures
#14
Amir Jalai, Zahra Ramezani, Karim Ebrahim
BACKGROUND: Benzene is a known occupational and environmental pollutant. Its urinary metabolite trans, trans-muconic acid (tt-MA) has been introduced by some environmental and occupational health regulatory associations as a biological index for the assessment of benzene exposure; however, recently, doubts have been raised about the specificity of tt-MA for low-level benzene exposures. In the present study, we investigated the association between urinary levels of tt-MA and inhalational exposure to benzene in different exposure groups...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584337/-hbv-hcv-and-hiv-infection-prevalence-among-prison-staff-in-the-light-of-occupational-risk-factors
#15
Maria Gańczak, Zbigniew Szych
BACKGROUND: Objectives of the study: to assess the occupational risk for blood-borne infections (BBIs) among prison staff (number/ circumstances of blood exposures and preventive methods used), and to estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey, which included serological testing with the use of 3-generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) was completed on active staff at a correctional facility in Goleniów, Poland, between June-July 2015...
May 15, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581185/serial-office-based-steroid-injections-for-treatment-of-idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis
#16
Matthew R Hoffman, Adam R Coughlin, Seth H Dailey
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Current treatment options for idiopathic subglottic stenosis include endoscopic interventions, resection, and tracheotomy. Recently, serial office-based steroid injections were proposed as an alternative that may stabilize or induce regression of airway stenosis without the need for repeated operations. Procedure completion rate, pain, complications, effect on stenosis, time since the last operation, and limitations have not been described. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
June 5, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571566/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-related-to-diabetes-mellitus-among-the-general-public-in-galle-district-in-southern-sri-lanka-a-pilot-study
#17
H M M Herath, N P Weerasinghe, H Dias, T P Weerarathna
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a global epidemic with significant disability and premature death. Identification of the level of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) related to diabetes among the general public is important in strategies for prevention of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study was conducted as a community based cross sectional study in three Medical Officers of Health (MOH) areas in Galle district. Previously healthy literate individuals who have not attended any diabetes education program in the last two years were selected for this study...
June 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569455/nordic-walking-and-specific-strength-training-for-neck-and-shoulder-pain-in-office-workers-a-pilot-study
#18
Atle H Saeterbakken, Solveig Nordengen, Vidar Andersen, Marius S Fimland
BACKGROUND: More than half of all adults have experienced neck pain during the last six months. Studies have demonstrated reduced pain in the neck-and shoulder region after specific strength training of the affected muscles, but specific endurance training of neck and shoulder muscles has not been properly examined. AIM: To examine the impact of Nordic walking (NW) compared to specific strength training (ST) and a non-training control group (Con) on self-reported neck-and shoulder pain among office workers...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566088/factors-associated-with-utilization-of-skilled-service-delivery-among-women-in-rural-northern-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
William Gudu, Bright Addo
BACKGROUND: Ghana's current Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of 319 per 100,000 live births makes achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal of 70 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births or less by 2030 appear to be illusory. Skilled assistance during childbirth is a critical strategy to reducing maternal mortality, yet the proportion of deliveries taking place within health facilities where such assistance is provided is very low in Ghana, with huge disparity between urban and rural women...
May 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557776/the-breastfeeding-friendly-pediatric-office-practice
#20
Joan Younger Meek, Amy J Hatcher
The landscape of breastfeeding has changed over the past several decades as more women initiate breastfeeding in the postpartum period and more hospitals are designated as Baby-Friendly Hospitals by following the evidence-based Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. The number of births in such facilities has increased more than sixfold over the past decade. With more women breastfeeding and stays in the maternity facilities lasting only a few days, the vast majority of continued breastfeeding support occurs in the community...
May 2017: Pediatrics
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