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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773458/outcomes-of-conventional-phacoemulsification-versus-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery-in-eyes-with-fuchs-endothelial-corneal-dystrophy
#1
Dagny C Zhu, Parth Shah, William J Feuer, Wei Shi, Ellen H Koo
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes in eyes with Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy after standard phacoemulsification with those of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery. SETTING: Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, Florida, USA. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Charts from patients diagnosed with Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy who had phacoemulsification cataract surgery at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute between January 1, 2014, and January 1, 2017, were reviewed...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757104/rehabilitation-of-drug-abusers-the-roles-of-perceptions-relationships-and-family-supports
#2
Samuel Ojima Adejoh, Olusegun M Temilola, Funmilayo F Adejuwon
The increase in the use, abuse and misuse of psychoactive substances is not just of concern to national government of different countries but poses a big problem to the international community as well as of a global public health challenge. The study explored the perceived influence of perceptions, relationships and family support on rehabilitation of drug abusers undergoing rehabilitation in a rehabilitation centre. The non-experimental study design was used. The study population was that of drug abuse patients undergoing rehabilitation in the Neuropsychiatric Hospital in Lagos...
May 14, 2018: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734570/a-historical-review-of-the-u-s-navy-s-busiest-recompression-chamber-in-the-pacific-theater-with-a-current-perspective-on-caring-for-civilian-divers-within-its-area-of-responsibility-short-communication
#3
Christopher Rendina
On the island Nation of Guam, the United States Department of Defense has stationed military personnel from every service branch. Guam is utilized as a strategic waypoint for the U.S. military in the Pacific theater. As the largest service branch in the region, the Navy has placed a few Diving Medical Officers in Guam to collectively manage and treat patients with recompression therapy. Guam is also a popular tourist destination, with multiple recreational diving companies certifying individuals who are looking to take advantage of the beautiful warm water and exotic marine life...
March 2018: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729365/robotic-y-v-plasty-for-recalcitrant-bladder-neck-contracture
#4
Michael A Granieri, Aaron C Weinberg, Jeffrey Y Sun, Michael Stifleman, Lee Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the technique and the outcomes of robot assisted Y-V plasty bladder neck reconstruction (RYVBNR). METHODS: We present our technique for treatment of recalcitrant bladder neck contracture (BNC) in seven patients who underwent RYVBNR at our institution between March 2016 and September 2017. Indication for the procedure was incomplete emptying, recurrent urinary tract infections and dysuria. On follow-up, patients were assessed for clinical success by absence of infections, symptoms and cystoscopic evaluation...
May 2, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728331/3-4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine-mdma-assisted-psychotherapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-veterans-firefighters-and-police-officers-a-randomised-double-blind-dose-response-phase-2-clinical-trial
#5
Michael C Mithoefer, Ann T Mithoefer, Allison A Feduccia, Lisa Jerome, Mark Wagner, Joy Wymer, Julie Holland, Scott Hamilton, Berra Yazar-Klosinski, Amy Emerson, Rick Doblin
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent in military personnel and first responders, many of whom do not respond to currently available treatments. This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy for treating chronic PTSD in this population. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, dose-response, phase 2 trial at an outpatient psychiatric clinic in the USA. We included service personnel who were 18 years or older, with chronic PTSD duration of 6 months or more, and who had a Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS-IV) total score of 50 or greater...
April 30, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714516/use-of-proprietary-names-by-prescribers-for-generic-products
#6
Vicky Borders-Hemphill, Irene Z Chan, Katelyn Brown, Briana Rider, Kellie Taylor, Grace Chai
BACKGROUND: Proprietary names are often used when prescribing drug products in the United States. The purpose of this study is to describe prescribers' use of proprietary names for generic products, branded-generic names, on prescription orders and to identify prescribing practice trends to inform the development and evaluation of new proprietary names. METHODS: To identify Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) with branded-generic names approved between January 2003 and December 2012, we utilized the database provided by the FDA Office of Communications, Drugs@FDA ...
March 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708826/correlates-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccination-initiation-and-completion-among-18-26-year-olds-in-the-united-states
#7
Eric Adjei Boakye, Daphne Lew, Meera Muthukrishnan, Betelihem B Tobo, Rebecca L Rohde, Mark A Varvares, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters
PURPOSE: To examine correlates of HPV vaccination uptake in a nationally representative sample of 18-26-year-old adults. METHODS: Young adults aged 18-26 years were identified from the 2014 and 2015 National Health Interview Survey (n = 7588). Survey-weighted multivariable logistic regression models estimated sociodemographic factors associated with HPV vaccine initiation (≥1 dose) and completion (≥3 doses). RESULTS: Approximately 27% of study participants had initiated the HPV vaccine and 16% had completed the HPV vaccine...
April 30, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699525/risk-factors-for-carriage-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-in-children
#8
Maria G Koliou, Kyriaki Andreou, Demetris Lamnisos, Giagkos Lavranos, Paris Iakovides, Christos Economou, Elpidoforos S Soteriades
BACKGROUND: During the past decades Streptococcus pneumoniae has developed significant resistance to many classes of antimicrobial drugs. Potential risk factors for colonization of the nasopharynx by Streptococcus pneumoniae in children and for carriage of drug resistant strains were examined. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2008 nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 402 children 6 months to 5 years old visiting the public sector immunization centers and outpatient departments as well as offices of paediatricians from private practice in Nicosia district in Cyprus...
April 26, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691675/-digital-pathology-the-time-has-come
#9
REVIEW
R Grobholz
BACKGROUND: Digital pathology (DP) and whole-slide imaging (WSI) technology have matured substantially over the last few years. Meanwhile, commercial systems are available that can be used in routine practice. AIMS: Illustration of DP experiences in a routine diagnostic setting. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A DP system offers several advantages: 1) glass slides are no longer unique; 2) access to cases is possible from any location; 3) digital image analysis can be applied; and 4) archived WSI can be easily accessed...
April 24, 2018: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679999/emerging-newly-approved-treatments-for-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-secondary-to-benign-prostatic-hypertrophy
#10
Hannah Pham, Pranav Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Oral therapy with alpha-blockers or 5-alpha reductase inhibitors remains the most common treatment in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). For patients who progress or fail medical therapy, the standard of care surgical treatment continues to be transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), which has long-studied and durable outcomes. Emerging, minimally invasive options for LUTS secondary to the BPH, however, have been developed over the last decade with promising results and minimal side effects typically associated with TURP, such as retrograde ejaculation and erectile dysfunction...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666130/does-dexmedetomidine-given-as-a-premedication-or-intraoperatively-reduce-post-hospitalisation-behaviour-change-in-children-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-hospital
#11
Paul Lee-Archer, Craig McBride, Rebecca Paterson, Michael Reade, Britta Regli-von Ungern-Sternberg, Deborah Long
INTRODUCTION: It has been reported that post-hospitalisation behaviour change (PHBC) occurs in over 50% of children undergoing a general anaesthetic and manifests as behaviours such as sleep and eating disorders, defiance of authority, nightmares, enuresis and temper tantrums. The effect is usually short-lived (2-4 weeks); however, in 5-10% of children, these behaviours can last up to 12 months. The risk factors for developing PHBC include underlying anxiety in the child or parent, a previous bad hospital experience, emergence delirium and preschool age...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659101/lessons-from-queensland-s-last-drinks-legislation-the-use-of-extended-trading-permits
#12
Renee Zahnow, Peter Miller, Kerri Coomber, Dominique de Andrade, Jason Ferris
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The association between alcohol availability, alcohol consumption and, in turn, alcohol-related harms is well established. Policies to reduce alcohol-related harms focus on limiting accessibility through the regulation of the liquor industry, including trading hours. On 1 July 2016, the Queensland Government introduced legislation to reduce ordinary liquor trading hours, replacing 5 am closing times with 3 am cessation of liquor sales in designated entertainment precincts and 2 am cessation of sales across the rest of the state...
April 16, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617518/prevalence-and-correlates-of-skin-cancer-screening-among-indoor-tanners-and-nontanners
#13
Carolyn J Heckman, Elizabeth Handorf, Melissa V Auerbach
Importance: The US Food and Drug Administration recommends that indoor tanners (ITs) be screened regularly for skin cancer (SC). Objective: To investigate the association between indoor tanning and SC screening. Design, Setting, and Participants: The 2015 National Health Interview Survey was a multistage, clustered, cross-sectional design with 30 352 US adults participating. The response rate for the sample adult data used in this study was 55...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616466/weight-loss-and-comorbidity-resolution-3-years-after-bariatric-surgery-an-indian-perspective
#14
Amrit Manik Nasta, Ramen Goel, Shefali Dharia, Madhu Goel, Shireen Hamrapurkar
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery has seen a sharp rise in India in the last decade. India is one of the 10 most obese nations of the world, ranking second in number of type 2 diabetics. AIMS: To evaluate clinical outcomes of bariatric surgery after 3 years of follow-up in terms of weight loss, co-morbidity resolution, complaints of gastroesophageal reflux disease and weight regain. METHODOLOGY: All patients who underwent bariatric surgery from January to December 2013 with a minimum follow-up of 3 years were included in the study...
April 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614604/-effect-of-nutrition-quality-of-breakfast-on-satiety-among-young-white-collar-workers
#15
Z C Tang, A L Liu, Y Zhao, D C Luan, C Song, H Zeng, L L Han, G S Ma
Objective: To analyze the effect of breakfast nutrition quality on the satiety among young white-collar workers. Methods: A total of 278 subjects were recruited from two cities, Shenyang and Chongqing, in June 2015. The inclusion criteria: white-collar workers aged 25-45 years involved mainly in office work, who did not experience major changes, and individuals who should follow the study protocol and sign the informed consent form. The study employed a three-phase crossover design trial. Each participant received nutritional-adequate breakfast, nutritional-inadequate breakfast, and no breakfast treatment on the basis of assignment to one of three sequences...
April 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607052/changing-nationwide-trends-in-endoscopic-medical-and-surgical-admissions-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-2003-2013
#16
Ahmir Ahmad, Anthony A Laverty, Chris Alexakis, Tom Cowling, Sonia Saxena, Azeem Majeed, Richard C G Pollok
Background and study aims: In the last decade, there have been major advances in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management but their impact on hospital admissions requires evaluation. We aim to investigate nationwide trends in IBD surgical/medical elective and emergency admissions, including endoscopy and cytokine inhibitor infusions, between 2003 and 2013. Patients and methods: We used Hospital Episode Statistics and population data from the UK Office for National Statistics...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588617/intensity-of-treatment-in-swiss-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-life
#17
Caroline Bähler, Andri Signorell, Eva Blozik, Oliver Reich
Purpose: Current evidence on the care-delivering process and the intensity of treatment at the end-of-life of cancer patients is limited and remains unclear. Our objective was to examine the care-delivering processes in health care during the last months of life with real-life data of Swiss cancer patients. Patients and methods: The study population consisted of adult decedents in 2014 who were insured at Helsana Group. Data on the final cause of death were provided additionally by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571596/bereaved-parents-experiences-of-the-police-in-the-paediatric-intensive-care-unit
#18
Ashleigh E Butler, Helen Hall, Beverley Copnell
BACKGROUND: A child's death in the intensive care unit is often sudden and unexpected, requiring the involvement of the state coroner to investigate both the cause and the circumstances surrounding the death. This process often involves the police, who arrive in intensive care to identify the body and collect statements from the parents. At present, very little is known about parents' experiences of this process. OBJECTIVES: To explore bereaved parents' experiences of police presence in intensive care, as part of routine coronial investigations...
March 20, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570561/changes-in-an-office-practice-of-menopause-in-the-last-25-years
#19
Lila Nachtigall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564252/errors-of-insulin-therapy-real-life-experiences-from-developing-world
#20
REVIEW
Subhankar Chowdhury, Partha Pratim Chakraborty
A significant bulk of people living with diabetes is on insulin therapy aiming for satisfactory glycemic control and resultant reduction in vascular complications of diabetes. Insulin undoubtedly is the most potent antihyperglycemic agent. However, a significant proportion of insulin-treated diabetics fails to achieve the desired glycemic goal. Errors of insulin therapy remain an important and correctable factor in many of them. Such errors of insulin therapy can potentially arise at each and every step starting from the office of the clinicians while prescribing it for the first time up to the point of administration...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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