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Psychiatric medication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337845/nurses-attitudes-towards-the-use-of-prn-psychotropic-medications-in-acute-and-forensic-mental-health-settings
#1
Lesley Barr, Dianne Wynaden, Karen Heslop
Many countries now have national mental health policies and guidelines to decrease or eliminate the use of seclusion and restraint yet the use of Pro Re Nata (PRN) medications has received less practice evaluation. This research aimed to identify mental health nurses' attitudes towards the use of PRN medications with mental health consumers. Participants were working in forensic mental health and non-forensic acute mental health settings. The "Attitudes towards PRN medication use survey" was used and data were collected online...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336194/screening-medical-patients-for-depression-lessons-from-a-national-program-in-cancer-clinics
#2
Jane Walker, Marta Wanat, Josephine Fielding, Paul Martin, Ariane Petit, Katy Burke, Michael Sharpe
BACKGROUND: Screening has been recommended to improve the identification of depression in medical patients. There is, therefore, a need for useful practical information on how to successfully implement large-scale depression screening in medical clinics. OBJECTIVE: To describe the practical lessons learned from our experience of implementing a large-scale depression screening program in cancer clinics throughout Scotland, UK. METHOD: Reflective review based on the experience of the screening team and records of the iterative development of the program...
January 9, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335658/dopamine-antagonists-for-treatment-resistance-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-review-and-focus-on-bdnf-stimulators-loxapine-and-amitriptyline
#3
Jessica A Hellings, L Eugene Arnold, Joan Han
Drug development is urgently needed for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and psychiatric comorbidity, which often presents as aggression and self-injury. At the same time, most psychiatric medications are drugs that have been repurposed following clinical observations of efficacy for a new treatment purpose. Areas Covered: This review aims to provide an overview of dopamine antagonists, including classical and atypical, as well as unconventional antipsychotics in ASD, since they are a mainstay of treatment for such problems...
March 24, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334382/concussion-like-symptom-reporting-in-non-concussed-collegiate-athletes
#4
Breton M Asken, Aliyah R Snyder, James R Clugston, Leslie S Gaynor, Molly J Sullan, Russell M Bauer
Objective: Non-concussed individuals may report a variety of concussion-like symptoms even in the absence of a diagnosed brain injury. Previous studies described concussion-like symptom reporting in adolescent athletes. This study provides complementary data on concussion-like symptoms in collegiate athletes. Methods: We analyzed baseline symptom scales from 738 collegiate athletes (452 men and 286 women) who completed either the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, 3 Symptom Evaluation (S3SE; n = 377) or the Post-Concussion Scale (PCS; n = 361) and determined if subjects met criteria for diagnosis of International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) postconcussional syndrome...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334240/the-use-of-rbans-among-inpatient-forensic-monolingual-spanish-speakers
#5
Cynthia Aguilar, Kenny A Karyadi, Dominique I Kinney, Stephen R Nitch
Objective: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) has been shown to be an effective screener for detecting neurocognitive impairments in English speaking forensic psychiatric inpatients, but no studies have examined whether the RBANS would have the same utility among monolingual Spanish speaking inpatients. This study sought to examine RBANS performance, as well as risk factors (i.e., educational, neurological, and medical) influencing RBANS performance, in that particular population...
February 18, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332946/ethnic-differences-in-psychosocial-services-use-among-non-latina-white-and-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
Rosario Costas-Muñiz, Migda Hunter-Hernández, Olga Garduño-Ortega, Jennifer Morales-Cruz, Francesca Gany
Background This study examined the use of psychosocial services (i.e. social work, psychiatric, psychological, and spiritual/pastoral services) among Latina and Non-Latina White breast cancer survivors. Methods Survivors who received treatment in a Comprehensive Cancer Center in New York completed a mailed questionnaire about interest in help for distress, and psychosocial service use. Descriptive and non-parametric statistics were used to explore ethnic differences in use of, and interest in, psychosocial services...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331322/the-role-of-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-overview-and-update-on-new-developments
#7
REVIEW
John Y Fang, Christopher Tolleson
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the loss of neuronal dopamine production in the brain. Oral therapies primarily augment the dopaminergic pathway. As the disease progresses, more continuous delivery of therapy is commonly needed. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has become an effective therapy option for several different neurologic and psychiatric conditions, including PD. It currently has US Food and Drug Administration approval for PD and essential tremor, as well as a humanitarian device exception for dystonia and obsessive-compulsive disorder...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329546/gardner-diamond-syndrome
#8
Joyce H Park, Sarah Yagerman, Hao Feng, Randie H Kim, Shane A Meehan, Jesse Lewin
Gardner-Diamond syndrome, which also is knownas autoerythrocyte sensitization disorder, is a raresyndrome of inflammatory, edematous papulesthat evolve into painful ecchymoses on the trunkand lower legs after a period of stress with no priorhistory of trauma. This syndrome usually occurs inwomen with a history of psychiatric disorders, themost common one being depression. Although theexact mechanism of injury is not well understood,it is hypothesized that these patients haveautoantibodies to phosphatidylserine, which is aphospholipid membrane component in erythrocytes...
December 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329131/effectiveness-of-long-term-doxycycline-treatment-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-fatigue-severity-in-patients-with-q-fever-fatigue-syndrome-qure-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Stephan P Keijmel, Corine E Delsing, Gijs Bleijenberg, Jos W M van der Meer, Rogier T Donders, Monique Leclercq, Linda M Kampschreur, Michel van den Berg, Tom Sprong, Marrigje H Nabuurs-Franssen, Hans Knoop, Chantal P Bleeker-Rovers
Background.: Approximately 20% of patients with acute Q fever will develop chronic fatigue, referred to as Q fever fatigue syndrome (QFS). The objective of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to assess the efficacy of either long-term treatment with doxycycline or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in reducing fatigue severity in patients with QFS. Methods.: Adult patients were included who met the QFS criteria according to the Dutch guideline: a new onset of severe fatigue lasting ≥6 months with significant disabilities, related to an acute Q fever infection, without other somatic or psychiatric comorbidity explaining the fatigue...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327856/-interinstitutional-relations-for-person-centered-health
#10
Miguel R Jorge
Since 2005, when the World Psychiatric Association has launched its Institutional Program on Psychiatry for the Person, many different organizations have worked together to advance medical care from a disease-oriented challenge to a focus centered in the whole person. Nowadays, over 30 organizations are related in promoting person-centered medicine, from which some initiatives are highlighted.
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326863/use-of-patient-controlled-psychiatric-hospital-admissions-patients-perspective
#11
Trine Ellegaard, Vibeke Bliksted, Kirsten Lomborg, Mimi Mehlsen
BACKGROUND: By patient-controlled admission (PCA), psychiatric patients with a PCA contract can initiate a brief admission without a health professional gatekeeper. However, research regarding use of PCA is scarce. AIMS: In this Danish multi-centre study, motives for and satisfaction with PCA were explored. METHODS: During a 1-year period, patients from 11 Danish mental health units evaluated PCA using a questionnaire developed for the purpose...
March 22, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325146/hypersexuality-as-a-neuropsychiatric-disorder-the-neurobiology-and-treatment-options
#12
Hatta Sidi, Muna Asiff, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Nurul Hazwani Hatta, Cesar Alfonso
Hypersexuality refers to abnormally increased or extreme involvement in any sexual activity. It is clinically challenging, presents trans-diagnostically and there is extensive medical literature addressing nosology, pathogenesis and neuropsychiatric aspects. Classification includes deviant behaviours, diagnosable entities related to impulsivity, and obsessional phenomena. Some clinicians view an increase in sexual desire as 'normal' while psychodynamic theorists consider it ego-defensive at times alleviating unconscious anxiety rooted in intrapsychic conflicts...
March 21, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324770/a-non-fatal-intoxication-and-seven-deaths-involving-the-dissociative-drug-3-meo-pcp
#13
Anna Johansson, Daniel Lindstedt, Markus Roman, Gunilla Thelander, Elisabet I Nielsen, Ulrica Lennborn, Håkan Sandler, Sten Rubertsson, Johan Ahlner, Robert Kronstrand, Fredrik C Kugelberg
INTRODUCTION: 3-methoxyphencyclidine (3-MeO-PCP) appeared on the illicit drug market in 2011 and is an analogue of phencyclidine, which exhibits anesthetic, analgesic and hallucinogenic properties. In this paper, we report data from a non-fatal intoxication and seven deaths involving 3-MeO-PCP in Sweden during the period March 2014 until June 2016. CASE DESCRIPTIONS: The non-fatal intoxication case, a 19-year-old male with drug problems and a medical history of depression, was found awake but tachycardic, hypertensive, tachypnoeic and catatonic at home...
March 7, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324302/huntington-s-disease-update-on-treatments
#14
REVIEW
Kara J Wyant, Andrew J Ridder, Praveen Dayalu
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor, behavioral, and cognitive decline, ending in death. Despite the discovery of the underlying genetic mutation more than 20 years ago, treatment remains focused on symptomatic management. Chorea, the most recognizable symptom, responds to medication that reduces dopaminergic neurotransmission. Psychiatric symptoms such as depression and anxiety may also respond well to symptomatic therapies...
April 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323373/the-impact-of-mental-illness-on-uptake-of-genetic-counseling-for-hereditary-breast-cancer-and-ovarian-cancer-in-a-multiethnic-cohort-of-breast-cancer-patients
#15
Marra G Ackerman, Peter A Shapiro, Austin Coe, Meghna S Trivedi, Katherine D Crew
We evaluated whether mental illness is a barrier to genetic counseling for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) in multiethnic breast cancer patients. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 308 women with newly diagnosed breast cancer and eligible for HBOC genetic testing seen in the breast clinic of an academic, urban medical center from 2007 to 2015. Uptake of genetic services and history of mental health disorder (MHD), defined as a psychiatric diagnosis or treatment with an antidepressant, mood stabilizer, anxiolytic, or antipsychotic medication, were ascertained by medical chart review...
March 21, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323287/experimental-medication-treatment-approaches-for-depression
#16
REVIEW
D F Ionescu, G I Papakostas
Depression is one of the most common psychiatric conditions. Symptoms can lead to significant disability, which result in impairments in overall quality of life. Though there are many approved antidepressant treatments for depression-including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants and monoamine oxidase inhibitors-about a third of patients do not respond to these medications. Therefore, it is imperative for drug discovery to continue towards the development of novel and rapidly acting compounds, especially for patients with treatment-resistant depression...
March 21, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322526/-bere-problematico-e-problemi-di-salute-in-toscana-e-in-friuli-venezia-giulia-uno-studio-epidemiologico-attraverso-i-medici-di-medicina-generale
#17
Allaman Allamani, Stefano Bravi, Pasquale Pepe, Fabio Voller, Francesco Marcatto, Donatella Ferrante, Jakob Manthey, Jürgen Rehm, Pierluigi Struzzo
"OBJECTIVES: to identify the differences among patients of general practictioners (GPs) in both Tuscany Region (Central Italy) and Friuli Venezia Giulia (FVG) Region (Northern Italy), which are different for drinking cultures, as to motivation of consultation, hazardous drinking and alcohol dependence, health problems, and use of health services. DESIGN: cross-sectional study by means of both a medical examination and a subsequent structured interview carried out with a questionnaire...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322278/early-life-adversity-and-telomere-length-a-meta-analysis
#18
K K Ridout, M Levandowski, S J Ridout, L Gantz, K Goonan, D Palermo, L H Price, A R Tyrka
Early adversity, in the form of abuse, neglect, socioeconomic status and other adverse experiences, is associated with poor physical and mental health outcomes. To understand the biologic mechanisms underlying these associations, studies have evaluated the relationship between early adversity and telomere length, a marker of cellular senescence. Such results have varied in regard to the size and significance of this relationship. Using meta-analytic techniques, we aimed to clarify the relationship between early adversity and telomere length while exploring factors affecting the association, including adversity type, timing and study design...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321163/optimizing-hepatitis-c-virus-treatment-through-pharmacist-interventions-identification-and-management-of-drug-drug-interactions
#19
Jacob A Langness, Matthew Nguyen, Amanda Wieland, Gregory T Everson, Jennifer J Kiser
AIM: To quantify drug-drug-interactions (DDIs) encountered in patients prescribed hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment, the interventions made, and the time spent in this process. METHODS: As standard of care, a clinical pharmacist screened for DDIs in patients prescribed direct acting antiviral (DAA) HCV treatment between November 2013 and July 2015 at the University of Colorado Hepatology Clinic. HCV regimens prescribed included ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF), paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir/dasabuvir (OBV/PTV/r + DSV), simeprevir/sofosbuvir (SIM/SOF), and sofosbuvir/ribavirin (SOF/RBV)...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320786/exploring-similarities-and-differences-in-hospital-adverse-event-rates-between-norway-and-sweden-using-global-trigger-tool
#20
Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Madeleine Borgstedt Risberg, Marion Haugen, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm, Urban Nylén, Hans Rutberg, Soop Michael
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we explore similarities and differences in hospital adverse event (AE) rates between Norway and Sweden by reviewing medical records with the Global Trigger Tool (GTT). DESIGN: All acute care hospitals in both countries performed medical record reviews, except one in Norway. Records were randomly selected from all eligible admissions in 2013. Eligible admissions were patients 18 years of age or older, undergoing care with an in-hospital stay of at least 24 hours, excluding psychiatric and care and rehabilitation...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
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