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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640749/enamel-shear-bond-strength-of-different-primers-combined-with-an-orthodontic-adhesive-paste
#1
Julia H Seeliger, Ute U Botzenhart, Tomasz Gedrange, Karol Kozak, Lukas Stepien, Monika Machoy
AIM: The aim of this study was a comparison of shear bond strength (SBS) on tooth enamel of different primers combined with the adhesive paste Transbond XT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty bovine teeth were used in order to create 40 test blocks. The blocks were divided into four groups of 10 blocks each: group A - sample primer (SP); group B - Opal Seal (OS); group C - Transbond Plus SEP (TSEP); group D - Transbond XT Primer (TXT). After surface preparation and application of the primer, respectively, two stainless steel brackets were fixed on each tooth by using Transbond XT...
June 22, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634657/longitudinal-perceptions-of-the-side-effects-of-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancer
#2
Hui-Chun Hsu, Su-Yu Tsai, Shang-Liang Wu, Shiow-Roug Jeang, Mei-Yao Ho, Wen-Shiung Liou, An-Jen Chiang, Tsung-Hsien Chang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the incidence and difference of side effects among six courses of chemotherapy (C/T) in gynecological cancer patients. METHODS: The study period was from Sep. 2010 to Dec. 2011 at the Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital in Taiwan. The treating protocols, courses, and drugs of C/T in patient were considered according to the different malignant cancers and clinical conditions. The patient data of age, marriage status, education, religion, and experiences of C/T were collected...
June 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633661/prevalence-of-arthritis-according-to-age-sex-and-socioeconomic-status-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-analysis-of-data-from-the-world-health-organization-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage-wave-1
#3
Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, S Cook, M T Leech, S J Bowe, P Kowal, N Naidoo, I N Ackerman, R S Page, S M Hosking, J A Pasco, M Mohebbi
BACKGROUND: In higher income countries, social disadvantage is associated with higher arthritis prevalence; however, less is known about arthritis prevalence or determinants in low to middle income countries (LMICs). We assessed arthritis prevalence by age and sex, and marital status and occupation, as two key parameters of socioeconomic position (SEP), using data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). METHODS: SAGE Wave 1 (2007-10) includes nationally-representative samples of older adults (≥50 yrs), plus smaller samples of adults aged 18-49 yrs...
June 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632905/the-malleable-brain-plasticity-of-neural-circuits-and-behavior-a-review-from-students-to-students
#4
REVIEW
Natascha Schaefer, Carola Rotermund, Eva-Maria Blumrich, Mychael V Lourenco, Pooja Joshi, Regina U Hegemann, Sumit Jamwal, Nilufar Ali, Ezra Michelet García Romero, Sorabh Sharma, Shampa Ghosh, Jitendra K Sinha, Hannah Loke, Vishal Jain, Katarzyna Lepeta, Ahmad Salamian, Mahima Sharma, Mojtaba Golpich, Katarzyna Nawrotek, Ramesh K Paidi, Sheila M Shahidzadeh, Tetsade Piermartiri, Elham Amini, Veronica Pastor, Yvette Wilson, Philip A Adeniyi, Ashok K Datusalia, Benham Vafadari, Vedangana Saini, Edna Suárez-Pozos, Neetu Kushwah, Paula Fontanet, Anthony J Turner
One of the most intriguing features of the brain is its ability to be malleable, allowing it to adapt continually to changes in the environment. Specific neuronal activity patterns drive long-lasting increases or decreases in the strength of synaptic connections, referred to as long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) respectively. Such phenomena have been described in a variety of model organisms, which are used to study molecular, structural, and functional aspects of synaptic plasticity...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628914/efficacy-and-safety-of-tadalafil-once-a-day-versus-tadalafil-on-demand-in-patients-with-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#5
Zhufeng Peng, Lu Yang, Qiang Dong, Qiang Wei, Liangren Liu, Bo Yang
INTRODUCTION: To compare the efficacy and safety between tadalafil once-a-day and tadalafil on-demand dosing regimen in patients with ED. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library was performed to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared tadalafil used a once-a-day with an on-demand dosing regimen for erectile dysfunction. A secondary hand-search was performed in relevant journals, references, and the grey literature...
June 21, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626440/executive-function-in-adolescence-associations-with-child-and-family-risk-factors-and-self-regulation-in-early-childhood
#6
Donna Berthelsen, Nicole Hayes, Sonia L J White, Kate E Williams
Executive functions are important higher-order cognitive skills for goal-directed thought and action. These capacities contribute to successful school achievement and lifelong wellbeing. The importance of executive functions to children's education begins in early childhood and continues throughout development. This study explores contributions of child and family factors in early childhood to the development of executive function in adolescence. Analyses draw on data from the nationally representative study, Growing up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619784/relationships-between-socioeconomic-position-and-objectively-measured-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-in-three-prospective-cohorts
#7
Richard John Shaw, Iva Čukić, Ian J Deary, Catharine R Gale, Sebastien Fm Chastin, Philippa M Dall, Dawn A Skelton, Geoff Der
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether sedentary behaviour in older adults is associated with a systematic and comprehensive range of socioeconomic position (SEP) measures across the life course. SEP measures included prospective measures of social class, income, educational qualifications and parental social class and contemporaneous measures of area deprivation. SETTING: Glasgow and the surrounding (West of Scotland) combined with Edinburgh and the surrounding area (the Lothians)...
June 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619016/clinical-application-of-a-novel-endoscopic-mask-a-randomized-controlled-multi-center-trial-in-patients-undergoing-awake-fiberoptic-bronchoscopic-intubation
#8
Tianxiao Zou, Zhenling Huang, Xiaoxue Hu, Guangyu Cai, Miao He, Shanjuan Wang, Ping Huang, Bin Yu
BACKGROUND: Awake fiberoptic bronchoscopic tracheal intubation is usually regarded as an effective method in the management of predicted difficult airway. Hypoxia during awake nasal fiberoptic bronchoscopic intubation leads to discontinuation of the procedure, prolonged manipulation time and increased risk of severe complications. The main aim of the study was to test whether the novel endoscopic mask is helpful for hypoxia during the intubation. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, multi-center study...
June 15, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615066/air-pollution-cardiovascular-endpoints-and-susceptibility-by-stress-and-material-resources-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Christina H Fuller, Karla R Feeser, Jeremy A Sarnat, Marie S O'Neill
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Evidence shows that both the physical and social environments play a role in the development of cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this systematic review is two-fold: First, we summarize research from the past 12 years from the growing number of studies focused on effect modification of the relationships between air pollution and cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes by socioeconomic position (SEP) and; second, we identify research gaps throughout the published literature on this topic and opportunities for addressing these gaps in future study designs...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614257/enhancing-clinical-effectiveness-of-pre-radiotherapy-workflow-by-using-multidisciplinary-cooperating-e-control-and-e-alerts-a-squire-compliant-quality-improving-study
#10
Yung-Hsiang Lin, Shih-Kai Hung, Moon-Sing Lee, Wen-Yen Chiou, Chun-Liang Lai, Yi-Ting Shih, Pei-Han Yeh, Yi-An Lin, Wei-Ta Tsai, Hui-Ling Hsieh, Liang-Cheng Chen, Li-Wen Huang, Po-Hao Lin, Dai-Wei Liu, Feng-Chun Hsu, Shiang-Jiun Tsai, Jia-Chi Liu, En-Seu Chung, Hon-Yi Lin
Radiotherapy (RT) is useful in managing cancer diseases. In clinical practice, early initiation of RT is crucial for enhancing tumor control. But, delivering precise RT requires a series of pre-RT working processes in a tight staff-cooperation manner. In this regard, using information system to conduct e-control and e-alerts has been suggested to improve practice effectiveness; however, this effect is not well defined in a real-world RT setting.We designed an information system to perform e-control and e-alerts for the whole process of pre-RT workflow to shorten processing time, to improve overall staff satisfaction, and to enhance working confidence...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611810/evolutionary-analysis-of-mikc-c-type-mads-box-genes-in-gymnosperms-and-angiosperms
#11
Fei Chen, Xingtan Zhang, Xing Liu, Liangsheng Zhang
MIKC(c)-type MADS-box genes encode transcription factors that control floral organ morphogenesis and flowering time in flowering plants. Here, in order to determine when the subfamilies of MIKC(c) originated and their early evolutionary trajectory, we sampled and analyzed the genomes and large-scale transcriptomes representing all the orders of gymnosperms and basal angiosperms. Through phylogenetic inference, the MIKC(c)-type MADS-box genes were subdivided into 14 monophyletic clades. Among them, the gymnosperm orthologs of AGL6, SEP, AP1, GMADS, SOC1, AGL32, AP3/PI, SVP, AGL15, ANR1, and AG were identified...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592091/-anti-hbs-persistence-after-revaccination-with-three-doses-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-among-low-responder-infants-following-primary-vaccination-4-year-of-follow-up
#12
J J Lyu, B Y Yan, J Y Liu, Y Feng, W L Wu, X F Liang, F Q Cui, F Z Wang, G M Zhang, A Q Xu, L Zhang
Objective: Assess the 4-year antibody against hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) persistence after revaccination with 3-dose of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) among low-responder infants following primary vaccination. Methods: According to stratified cluster sampling, a total of 4 147 infants were enrolled and primarily vaccinated with 5 μg HepB derived in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae (HepB-SC) at 0-1-6 months schedule from 75 towns of Jinan, Weifang, Yantai, Weihai prefectures, Shandong Province, China in Aug and Sep 2009...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586612/comparison-of-bipolar-and-monopolar-cautry-use-in-turp-for-treatment-of-enlarged-prostate
#13
Mushtaq Ahmad, Hazratullah Khan, Aminullah, Iqra Masood, Warda Masood, Asif Malik
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, bipolar Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) has been increasingly being used by urologist instead of conventional monopolar TURP for the treatment of enlarge prostate. Bipolar TURP is considered to be more efficacious and has better clinical outcome in comparison with monopolar TURP. We compared both procedures to assess their clinical out-comes and efficacy by comparing their different parameters. METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted in the Institute of Kidney Diseases and Transplant Peshawar over 220 consecutive patients from Sep 2013 to Dec 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586426/sensitive-detection-of-zika-virus-antigen-in-patients-whole-blood-as-an-alternative-diagnostic-approach
#14
Fok-Moon Lum, Cui Lin, Olga Y Susova, Teck-Hui Teo, Siew-Wai Fong, Tze-Minn Mak, Linda Kay Lee, Chia-Yin Chong, David C B Lye, Raymond T P Lin, Andres Merits, Yee-Sin Leo, Lisa F P Ng
Background.: Epidemics caused by the re-emergence of Zika virus (ZIKAV) warrant the need to develop new diagnostic measures to complement currently used detection methods. In this study, we explored the detection of ZIKAV antigen in a defined leucocyte subset from patient's whole blood. Methods.: Whole blood samples were obtained at the acute and early convalescent phase from ZIKAV-infected patients during the Singapore outbreak in Aug-Sep 2016. Presence of ZIKAV antigen was determined by flow cytometry staining for intracellular ZIKAV NS3 with a ZIKAV-specific polyclonal antibody...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585253/prediction-of-canned-black-bean-texture-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-from-intact-dry-seeds-using-visible-near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-hyperspectral-imaging-data
#15
Fernando A Mendoza, Karen A Cichy, Christy Sprague, Amanda Goffnett, Renfu Lu, James D Kelly
BACKGROUND: Texture is a major quality parameter for the acceptability of canned whole beans. Prior knowledge of this quality trait before processing would be useful to guide variety development by bean breeders and optimize handling protocols by processors. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the predictive power of visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (Vis/NIRS, 400-2,498 nm) and hyperspectral imaging (HYPERS, 400-1,000 nm) techniques for predicting texture of canned black beans from intact dry seeds...
June 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582746/development-of-lightweight-aggregates-from-stone-cutting-sludge-plastic-wastes-and-sepiolite-rejections-for-agricultural-and-environmental-purposes
#16
José Manuel Moreno-Maroto, Beatriz González-Corrochano, Jacinto Alonso-Azcárate, Luis Rodríguez, Anselmo Acosta
Three different wastes have been assessed for lightweight aggregate (LWA) manufacturing: granite and marble sludge (COR), sepiolite rejections (SEP) and polyethylene-hexene thermoplastics (P). A preliminary study of the physical and chemical properties of the raw materials was carried out to design proper batches. It was mixed 10% SEP with 90% COR to confer plasticity, and in turn, 0, 2.5, 5 and 10% (w/w) of P was added to check its suitability as a bloating agent. The mixtures were milled, kneaded with water, extruded, shaped into pellets, oven-dried and finally fired at 1100, 1125 and 1150 °C for 4, 8 and 16 min...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576891/the-effect-of-life-course-socioeconomic-position-on-crystallised-cognitive-ability-in-two-large-uk-cohort-studies-a-structured-modelling-approach
#17
Rebecca Landy, Jenny Head, Marcus Richards, Rebecca Hardy
OBJECTIVES: This study systematically compared accumulation, sensitive period, critical period and social mobility models relating life course socioeconomic position (SEP) and adult crystallised cognitive ability, which has not been comprehensively investigated. DESIGN: Two prospective cohort studies. PARTICIPANTS: Five thousand three hundred and sixty-two participants in the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD) Birth Cohort Study and 10 308 participants in the Whitehall II Occupational Cohort Study...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576065/-chitosan-g-glycidyl-methacrylate-xanthan-hydrogel-implant-in-wistar-rats-for-spinal-cord-regeneration
#18
E A Elizalde-Peña, I A Quintero-Ortega, D G Zárate-Triviño, A Nuño-Licona, J Gough, I C Sanchez, D I Medina, G Luna-Barcenas
This work reports the results of in vivo assays of an implant composed of the hydrogel Chitosan-g-Glycidyl Methacrylate-Xanthan [(CTS-g-GMA)-X] in Wistar rats. Degradation kinetics of hydrogels was assessed by lysozyme assays. Wistar rats were subjected to laminectomy by cutting the spinal cord with a scalpel. After the surgical procedure, hydrogels were implanted in the injured zone (level T8). Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) obtained by electric stimulation onto periphery nerves were registered in the corresponding central nervous system (CNS) areas...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572594/socio-economic-inequalities-in-c-reactive-protein-and-fibrinogen-across-the-adult-age-span-findings-from-understanding-society
#19
Apostolos Davillas, Michaela Benzeval, Meena Kumari
Systemic inflammation has been proposed as a physiological process linking socio-economic position (SEP) to health. We examined how SEP inequalities in inflammation -assessed using C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen- varied across the adult age span. Current (household income) and distal (education) markers of SEP were used. Data from 7,943 participants (aged 25+) of Understanding Society (wave 2, 1/2010-3/2012) were employed. We found that SEP inequalities in inflammation followed heterogeneous patterns by age, which differed by the inflammatory marker examined rather than by SEP measures...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570867/evoked-potentials-recorded-during-routine-eeg-predict-outcome-after-perinatal-asphyxia
#20
Päivi Nevalainen, Viviana Marchi, Marjo Metsäranta, Tuula Lönnqvist, Sanna Toiviainen-Salo, Sampsa Vanhatalo, Leena Lauronen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the added value of somatosensory (SEPs) and visual evoked potentials (VEPs) recorded simultaneously with routine EEG in early outcome prediction of newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy under modern intensive care. METHODS: We simultaneously recorded multichannel EEG, median nerve SEPs, and flash VEPs during the first few postnatal days in 50 term newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. EEG background was scored into five grades and the worst two grades were considered to indicate poor cerebral recovery...
July 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
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