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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054112/human-parainfluenza-virus-infection-in-severe-acute-respiratory-infection-cases-in-beijing-2014-2016-a-molecular-epidemiological-study
#1
Yang Pan, Yi Zhang, Shi Weixian, Xiaomin Peng, Shujuan Cui, Daitao Zhang, Guilan Lu, Yimeng Liu, Shuangsheng Wu, Peng Yang, Quanyi Wang
BACKGROUND: Severe Acute Respiratory Infection (SARI) threatens human health and even survival, causing a huge number of hospitalized patients every year. However, as one of the most common respiratory viruses circulated worldwide, the epidemiological and phylogenetic characteristics of human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) in these cases were not well known. METHODS: A molecular epidemiological study against HPIVs infection in SARIs was performed from Sep. 2014 to Aug...
October 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048513/sepsis-national-hospital-inpatient-quality-measure-sep-1-multistakeholder-work-group-recommendations-for-appropriate-antibiotics-for-the-treatment-of-sepsis
#2
Edward J Septimus, Craig M Coopersmith, Jessica Whittle, Caleb P Hale, Neil O Fishman, Thomas J Kim
The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services adopted the Early Management Bundle, Severe Sepsis/Septic Shock (SEP-1) performance measure to the Hospital Inpatient Quality Reporting Program in July 2015 to help address the high mortality and high cost associated with sepsis. The SEP-1 performance measure requires, among other critical interventions, timely administration of antibiotics to patients with sepsis or septic shock. The multistakeholder workgroup recognizes the need for SEP-1 but strongly believes that multiple antibiotics listed in the antibiotic tables for SEP-1 are not appropriate and the use of these antibiotics, as called for in the SEP-1 measure, is not in alignment with prudent antimicrobial stewardship...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048180/-meta-analyses-and-p-curves-support-robust-cycle-shifts-in-women-s-mate-preferences-reply-to-wood-and-carden-2014-and-harris-pashler-and-mickes-2014-correction-to-gildersleeve-haselton-and-fales-2014
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Meta-analyses and p-curves support robust cycle shifts in women's mate preferences: Reply to Wood and Carden (2014) and Harris, Pashler, and Mickes (2014)" by Kelly Gildersleeve, Martie G. Haselton and Melissa R. Fales (Psychological Bulletin, 2014[Sep], Vol 140[5], 1272-1280). In the article, all p-curve analyses examining the Context Moderation Hypothesis Prediction mistakenly included the p-value from Little, Jones, Burt, & Perrett (2007) Study 2 for the simple effect of fertility on attraction to facial symmetry in a short-term relationship context (p < ...
November 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040555/the-effectiveness-of-varenicline-versus-nicotine-replacement-therapy-on-long-term-smoking-cessation-in-primary-care-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-electronic-medical-records
#4
Gemma M J Taylor, Amy E Taylor, Kyla H Thomas, Timothy Jones, Richard M Martin, Marcus R Munafò, Frank Windmeijer, Neil M Davies
Background: There is limited evidence about the effectiveness of varenicline and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) for long-term smoking cessation in primary care, or whether the treatment effectiveness differs by socioeconomic position (SEP). Therefore, we estimated the long-term effectiveness of varenicline versus NRT (> 2 years) on smoking cessation, and investigated whether effectiveness differs by SEP. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of electronic medical records from 654 general practices in England, within the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, using three different analytical methods: multivariable logistic regression, propensity score matching and instrumental variable analyses...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037148/effectiveness-of-a-precede-based-education-intervention-on-quality-of-life-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#5
Qiong Wang, Lini Dong, Zaijin Jian, Xianghua Tang
BACKGROUND: One of the most important challenges in public health is to improve the quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Depression, self-care capacity, and quality of life interact each other in these patients. It's difficult to treat with general education programs and conventional therapy. PRECEDE model is a comprehensive and exclusive theory-based education programs. Its effectiveness for reducing depression and increasing quality of life has been demonstrated in patients with coronary artery bypass grafting, type 2 diabetes, and the elderly...
October 16, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032869/sep-1-a-sepsis-measure-in-need-of-resuscitation
#6
EDITORIAL
Michael G Allison, Stephen M Schenkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030287/inhibition-of-pain-and-pain-related-brain-activity-by-heterotopic-noxious-counter-stimulation-and-selective-attention-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#7
Alexandra Ladouceur, Nabi Rustamov, Jean-Daniel Dubois, Jessica Tessier, Alexandre Lehmann, Martin Descarreaux, Pierre Rainville, Mathieu Piché
The aim of the present study was to assess inhibition of pain and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) by heterotopic noxious counter-stimulation (HNCS) and by selective attention in patients with chronic non-specific LBP. Seventeen patients and age/sex-matched controls were recruited (10 men, 7 women; mean age ± SD: 43.3 ± 10.4 and 42.7 ± 11.1, respectively). On average, patients with LBP reported pain duration of 7.6 ± 6.5 years, light to moderate disability (19.3 ± 5.7/100) and low clinical pain intensity (21...
October 10, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028409/high-prevalence-and-low-intensity-ichthyophonus-infections-in-pacific-halibut-hippoglossus-stenolepis
#8
Paul K Hershberger, Jacob L Gregg, Claude L Dykstra
Ichthyophonus occurred at high prevalence but low intensity in Pacific Halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) throughout the west coast of North America, ranging from coastal Oregon to the Bering Sea. Infection prevalence in adults was variable on spatial and temporal scales, with the lowest prevalence typically occurring on the edges of the geographic range and highest prevalence consistently occurring inside Prince William Sound, AK (58-77%). Additionally, intra-annual differences occurred at Albatross - Portlock, AK (71% versus 32% within 2012) and inter-annual differences occurred along coastal Oregon (50% versus 12% from 2012 to 2015)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026942/the-effects-of-subclinical-neck-pain-on-sensorimotor-integration-following-a-complex-motor-pursuit-task
#9
Danielle Andrew, Paul Yielder, Heidi Haavik, Bernadette Murphy
Recurrent subclinical neck pain (SCNP) may be associated with neural plastic changes in sensory processing and sensorimotor integration (SMI); however, its impact on motor learning has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate whether SCNP alters neural markers of SMI during a complex motor acquisition task as compared to a healthy control group. Peripheral N9, spinal N13, brainstem N18, and cortical N20, P25, N24 and N30 early somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were recorded following median nerve stimulation for 24 participants (12 control and 12 SCNP) before and after a 10-min tracing motor task intervention...
October 12, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023227/humoral-immune-responses-to-select-marine-bacteria-in-loggerhead-caretta-caretta-and-kemp-s-ridley-lepidochelys-kempii-sea-turtles-from-the-south-eastern-united-states
#10
Maria L Rodgers, Catherine A Toline, Charles D Rice
Serum from Kemp's ridley and loggerhead sea turtles was collected in summers of 2011, 2012, and 2013. Serum IgY recognition of lysate proteins from nine bacteria species and whole bacteria-specific IgY titers to these pathogens were quantified. Serum and purified IgY recognized proteins of all bacteria, with protein recognition in some species more pronounced than others. Circulating IgY titers against V. vulnificus, V. anguillarum, E. rhusiopathiae, and B. vesicularis changed over the years in Kemp's ridley turtles, while titers IgY against V...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022872/arterial-stiffness-is-associated-with-depression-in-middle-aged-men-the-maastricht-study
#11
Veronica Onete, Ronald M Henry, Simone J S Sep, Annemarie Koster, Carla J van der Kallen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Nicolaas Schaper, Sebastian Köhler, Koen Reesink, Coen D A Stehouwer, Miranda T Schram
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffening may underlie the association between depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but reported data are inconsistent. We investigated the associations between aortic stiffness and major depressive disorder (MDD) and depressive symptoms, and whether these differed by sex and age. METHODS: We measured carotid to femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) using applanation tonometry, and we assessed depression using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in a cohort of participants from The Maastricht Study...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020019/they-re-heating-up-internet-search-query-trends-reveal-significant-public-interest-in-heat-not-burn-tobacco-products
#12
Theodore L Caputi, Eric Leas, Mark Dredze, Joanna E Cohen, John W Ayers
Heat-not-burn tobacco products, battery powered devices that heat leaf tobacco to approximately 500 degrees Fahrenheit to produce an inhalable aerosol, are being introduced in markets around the world. Japan, where manufacturers have marketed several heat-not-burn brands since 2014, has been the focal national test market, with the intention of developing global marketing strategies. We used Google search query data to estimate, for the first time, the scale and growth potential of heat-not-burn tobacco products...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981401/toxicity-of-potassium-chloride-compared-to-sodium-chloride-for-zebra-mussel-decontamination
#13
Eric A Davis, Wai Hing Wong, Willard N Harman
Decontamination of watercraft and/or equipment following exposure to zebra mussels with the use of chemicals is one method of decontamination that has been recommended in the United States by multiple government agencies. The ideal chemical to be used for decontamination would be inexpensive, easily obtained, have no or limited effect on nontarget species, and relatively environmentally friendly. Two chemicals that have been tested are potassium chloride and sodium chloride. The toxicity of each chemical to both adult mussels and veliger larvae was examined...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980514/determination-of-testosterone-esters-and-nortestosterone-esters-in-animal-blood-serum-by-lc-ms-ms
#14
Martina Rejtharová, Libor Rejthar, Katarína Čačková
A sensitive and robust confirmatory method for determination of steroid esters in blood serum is essential for reliable monitoring of possible illegal use of steroid hormones as growth promoters in meat production. A previously used sample preparation methodology was improved. The procedure consists of protein precipitation and removal of phospholipids by dispersive SPE Supel(TM) QuE Z-Sep (Sigma-Aldrich) followed by clean-up on alumina column and LC-MS/MS measurement. The modified method has been validated according to Commission Decision 2002/657/EC...
October 5, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979699/autophagy-plays-a-protective-role-in-motor-neuron-degeneration-following-spinal-cord-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-spastic-paralysis
#15
Li Wang, Dongliang Feng, Yuan Liu, Sen Li, Long Jiang, Zaiyun Long, Yamin Wu
Spinal cord ischemia and reperfusion (SCIR) injury can lead to neurologic dysfunction and paraplegia, which are serious complications after shock or thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. Autophagy is a fundamental cellular process in eukaryotes, and homeostasis of autophagic activities in the cytoplasm is critical for the maintenance of neuronal function. To date, no studies have addressed the involvement of autophagy in the regulation of motor neurons in the ventral horn of the spinal cord area following SCIR-induced spastic paralysis or the underlying mechanisms of this process...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979345/molecular-characterization-of-acanthamoeba-isolates-from-surface-resting-waters-in-northwest-iran
#16
Esmaeil Fallah, Zahra Jafarpour, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Ali Haghighi, Maryam Niyyati, Adel Spotin, Aram Khezri
BACKGROUND: Acanthamoeba is an opportunistic amphizoic protozoan found in different fresh water sources. The aim of this study was to identify and characterize Acanthamoeba isolates from surface resting waters, in Northwest Iran. METHODS: Samples were collected from twenty-two different areas, between May and Sep 2014. After filtration, samples were cultivated on non-nutrient agar. The extracted DNAs were amplified and sequenced using partial 18S rRNA in order to genotype and phylogenetic analyses...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976927/socioeconomic-inequities-in-diet-quality-and-nutrient-intakes-among-australian-adults-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#17
Katherine M Livingstone, Dana Lee Olstad, Rebecca M Leech, Kylie Ball, Beth Meertens, Jane Potter, Xenia Cleanthous, Rachael Reynolds, Sarah A McNaughton
Poor diet may represent one pathway through which lower socioeconomic position (SEP) leads to adverse health outcomes. This study examined the associations between SEP and diet quality, its components, energy, and nutrients in a nationally representative sample of Australians. Dietary data from two 24-h recalls collected during the cross-sectional Australian Health Survey 2011-13 (n = 4875; aged ≥ 19 years) were analysed. Diet quality was evaluated using the Dietary Guidelines Index (DGI). SEP was assessed by index of area-level socioeconomic disadvantage, education level, and household income...
October 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975676/determinants-of-a-dietary-pattern-linked-with-greater-metabolic-risk-and-its-tracking-during-adolescence
#18
G Appannah, G K Pot, W H Oddy, S A Jebb, G L Ambrosini
BACKGROUND: Although growing evidence suggests that dietary patterns associated with noncommunicable diseases in adulthood may develop early in life, when these are established, as well as their determinants, remains unclear. METHODS: We examined determinants and tracking of a dietary pattern (DP) associated with metabolic risk and its key food groups among 860 adolescents in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study. Food intake was reported using a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at 14 and 17 years...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971046/intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring-for-spinal-cord-tumor-surgery-comparison-of-motor-and-somatosensory-evoked-potentials-according-to-tumor-types
#19
Taeha Park, Jinyoung Park, Yoon Ghil Park, Joowon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To identify which combination of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) is most reliable for postoperative motor deterioration during spinal cord tumor surgery, according to anatomical and pathologic type. METHODS: MEPs and SEPs were monitored in patients who underwent spinal cord tumor surgery between November 2012 and August 2016. Muscle strength was examined in all patients before surgery, within 48 hours postoperatively and 4 weeks later...
August 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969697/evaluation-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effect-on-return-to-work-with-coaching-combined-with-light-therapy-and-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-therapy-for-workers-with-work-related-chronic-stress
#20
Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Antonius M C Schoutens, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Judith K Sluiter
BACKGROUND: Chronic work-related stress is quite prevalent in the working population and is in some cases accompanied by long-term sick leave. These stress complaints highly impact employees and are costly due to lost productivity and medical expenses. A new treatment platform with light therapy plus Pulsed Electro Magnetic Fields (PEMF) in combination with coaching was used to assess whether more positive effects on return to work, stress, work-related fatigue, and quality of life could be induced compared to coaching alone...
October 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
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