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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106501/treatment-of-chronic-subdural-hematomas-with-subdural-evacuating-port-system-placement-in-the-intensive-care-unit-evolution-of-practice-and-comparison-with-bur-hole-evacuation-in-the-operating-room
#1
Alexander C Flint, Sheila L Chan, Vivek A Rao, Allen D Efron, Maziyar A Kalani, William F Sheridan
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to evaluate a multiyear experience with subdural evacuating port system (SEPS) placement for chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) in the intensive care unit at a tertiary neurosurgical center and to compare SEPS placement with bur hole evacuation in the operating room. METHODS All cases of cSDH evacuation were captured over a 7-year period at a tertiary neurosurgical center within an integrated health care delivery system. The authors compared the performance characteristics of SEPS and bur hole placement with respect to recurrence rates, change in recurrence rates over time, complications, length of stay, discharge disposition, and mortality rates...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103202/erratum-for-the-paper-cytology-of-pericardial-effusion-due-to-malignancy-kalogeraki-a-lazopoulos-g-papadakis-gz-tamiolakis-d-karvela-kalogeraki-i-karvelas-kalogerakis-m-segredakis-j-papadakis-m-moustou-e-datseri-g-chalkiadakis-ge-tzardi-m-rom-j-intern-med-2016
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100221/psychosocial-work-factors-and-social-inequalities-in-psychological-distress-a-population-based-study
#3
Caroline S Duchaine, Ruth Ndjaboué, Manon Levesque, Michel Vézina, Xavier Trudel, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Clermont E Dionne, Benoît Mâsse, Neil Pearce, Chantal Brisson
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems (MHP) are the leading cause of disability worldwide. The inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and MHP has been well documented. There is prospective evidence that factors from the work environment, including adverse psychosocial work factors, could contribute to the development of MHP including psychological distress. However, the contribution of psychosocial work factors to social inequalities in MHP remains unclear. This study evaluates the contribution of psychosocial work factors from two highly supported models, the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models to SEP inequalities of psychological distress in men and women from a population-based sample of Quebec workers...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097644/erratum-to-eur-j-ophthalmol-2002-12-1-1-4-and-eur-j-ophthalmol-2015-25-5-437-442
#4
(no author information available yet)
Erratum To: Eur J Ophthalmol. 2002 Jan-Feb;12(1):1-4. doi: 10.5301/EJO.2008.799. Prevalence of astigmatism among students in northern Greece. A.T. Mandalos, D.K. Peios, T.A. Mavrakanas, V.A. Golias, K.G. Megalou, K.A. Delidou, A.C. Gregoriadou, B.C. Katsougiannopoulos PMID: 11936436 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]We inform our readers that in the author list the full name of one author (T.A. Mavracanas) was published incorrectly. We supply the correct author listing and apologize to the readers. Eur J Ophthalmol...
December 29, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086797/sep-class-genes-in-prunus-mume-and-their-likely-role-in-floral-organ-development
#5
Yuzhen Zhou, Zongda Xu, Xue Yong, Sagheer Ahmad, Weiru Yang, Tangren Cheng, Jia Wang, Qixiang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Flower phylogenetics and genetically controlled development have been revolutionised during the last two decades. However, some of these evolutionary aspects are still debatable. MADS-box genes are known to play essential role in specifying the floral organogenesis and differentiation in numerous model plants like Petunia hybrida, Arabidopsis thaliana and Antirrhinum majus. SEPALLATA (SEP) genes, belonging to the MADS-box gene family, are members of the ABCDE and quartet models of floral organ development and play a vital role in flower development...
January 13, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079157/feeling-touched-emotional-modulation-of-somatosensory-potentials-to-interpersonal-touch
#6
N Ravaja, V Harjunen, I Ahmed, G Jacucci, M M Spapé
Although the previous studies have shown that an emotional context may alter touch processing, it is not clear how visual contextual information modulates the sensory signals, and at what levels does this modulation take place. Therefore, we investigated how a toucher's emotional expressions (anger, happiness, fear, and sadness) modulate touchee's somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) in different temporal ranges. Participants were presented with tactile stimulation appearing to originate from expressive characters in virtual reality...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078392/carbon-footprint-assessment-of-western-australian-groundwater-recycling-scheme
#7
Andrew Simms, Stacey Hamilton, Wahidul K Biswas
This research has determined the carbon footprint or the carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2 eq) of potable water production from a groundwater recycling scheme, consisting of the Beenyup wastewater treatment plant, the Beenyup groundwater replenishment trial plant and the Wanneroo groundwater treatment plant in Western Australia, using a life cycle assessment approach. It was found that the scheme produces 1300 tonnes of CO2 eq per gigalitre (GL) of water produced, which is 933 tonnes of CO2 eq higher than the desalination plant at Binningup in Western Australia powered by 100% renewable energy generated electricity...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074059/school-environment-and-policies-child-eating-behavior-and-overweight-obesity-in-urban-china-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#8
P Jia, M Li, H Xue, L Lu, F Xu, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rising rapidly in China, especially in urban areas. Knowledge about how school environment and policies (SEP) may have contributed to the epidemic remains limited. We examined SEP and their associations with students' eating behaviors and overweight/obesity in urban China. METHODS: Data were collected from 1648 students (plus their parents and schools) in 16 primary and middle schools (4 schools/per city) in four mega-cities across China: Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072856/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-body-mass-index-across-adulthood-coordinated-analyses-of-individual-participant-data-from-three-british-birth-cohort-studies-initiated-in-1946-1958-and-1970
#9
David Bann, William Johnson, Leah Li, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy
BACKGROUND: High body mass index (BMI) is an important contributor to the global burden of ill-health and health inequality. Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) in both childhood and adulthood is associated with higher adult BMI, but how these associations have changed across time is poorly understood. We used longitudinal data to examine how childhood and adult SEP relates to BMI across adulthood in three national British birth cohorts. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The sample comprised up to 22,810 participants with 77,115 BMI observations in the 1946 MRC National Survey of Health and Development (ages 20 to 60-64), the 1958 National Child Development Study (ages 23 to 50), and the 1970 British Cohort Study (ages 26 to 42)...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072711/the-coexistence-of-sapho-syndrome-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report
#10
Wenrui Xu, Chen Li, Weihong Zhang
RATIONAL: SAPHO (Synovitis-Acne-Pustulosis-Hyperstosis-Osteitis) syndrome is a rare disease featured by its dermatological and osteoarthritic disorders, the latter of which mainly affecting the anterior chest wall, spine, and sacroiliac joint. However, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease, mainly affecting the synovial tissue of small joints in hands and feet. Here, we present an extremely rare case diagnosed with both SAPHO syndrome and RA, with an onset interval of 10 years...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063238/aspergillus-awamori-fermented-mung-bean-seed-coats-enhance-the-antioxidant-and-immune-responses-of-weaned-pigs
#11
D N Lee, Y S Hung, T S Yang, J H Lin, C F Weng
The potential benefits of Aspergillus-fermented mung bean seed coats (FMSC) for weaned pigs remain unexplored. Both in vitro and in vivo experiments were employed to evaluate the potential of FMSC supplement on the growth, antioxidant and immune responses of weaned pigs. The total polyphenols and DPPH scavenging capability of ethanol extract of FMSC exhibited a greater (p < 0.01) increase than those of pre-fermentation. With the addition of the polyphenol of FMSC extract, an increase in phagocytosis by neutrophils and proliferation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were found...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058488/inhibition-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-vitro-by-bacteriocinogenic-lactococcus-lactis-kth0-1s-isolated-from-thai-fermented-shrimp-kung-som-and-safety-evaluation
#12
Sutanate Saelao, Suppasil Maneerat, Sireewan Kaewsuwan, Hanitra Rabesona, Yvan Choiset, Thomas Haertlé, Jean-Marc Chobert
Lactococcus lactis KTH0-1S isolated from Thai traditional fermented shrimp (Kung-som) is able to produce heat-stable bacteriocin and inhibits food spoilage bacteria and food-borne pathogens. The inhibitory effect of bacteriocin remained intact after treatment with different pHs and after heating, but was sensitive to some proteolytic enzymes. Addition of bacteriocin KTH0-1S to Staphylococcus aureus cultures decreased viable cell counts by 2.8 log CFU/ml, demonstrating a bactericidal mode of action. Furthermore, the growth of S...
January 5, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057468/evaluation-of-a-newly-developed-mid-infrared-sensor-for-real-time-monitoring-of-yeast-fermentations
#13
Robert Schalk, Daniel Geoerg, Jens Staubach, Matthias Raedle, Frank-Juergen Methner, Thomas Beuermann
A mid-infrared (MIR) sensor using the attenuated total reflection (ATR) technique has been developed for real-time monitoring in biotechnology. The MIR-ATR sensor consists of an IR emitter as light source, a zinc selenide ATR prism as boundary to the process, and four thermopile detectors, each equipped with an optical bandpass filter. The suitability of the sensor for practical application was tested during aerobic batch-fermentations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by simultaneous monitoring of glucose and ethanol...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056418/multiclass-pesticide-residue-analysis-in-fish-muscle-and-liver-on-one-step-extraction-cleanup-strategy-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#14
Piotr Kaczyński, Bożena Łozowicka, Maciej Perkowski, Julia Szabuńko
The analysis of pesticide residues in fish samples is challenging due to the low concentrations and large number of analytes that need to be monitored and quantified in a complex matrix. This is the first report providing a novel one-step extraction-cleanup strategy for simultaneous analysis of over 340 pesticides in a fatty fish and liver matrix, coupled with liquid-chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The samples of fish muscle and liver were prepared according to the modified QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe) procedure, wherein the extraction and cleanup protocol were integrated into one step...
January 2, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054062/stretching-induced-wrinkling-in-plastic-rubber-composites
#15
Junyu Yang, Sameer Damle, Spandan Maiti, Sachin S Velankar
We examine the mechanics of three-layer composite films composed of an elastomeric layer sandwiched between two thin surface layers of plastic. Upon stretching and releasing such composite films, they develop a highly wrinkled surface texture. The mechanism for this texturing is that during stretching, the plastic layers yield and stretch irreversibly whereas the elastomer stretches reversibly. Thus upon releasing, the plastic layers buckle due to compressive stress imposed by the elastomer. Experiments are conducted using SEPS elastomer and 50 micron thick LLDPE plastic films...
January 5, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049761/an-evolutionary-framework-for-carpel-developmental-control-genes
#16
Kai C Pfannebecker, Matthias Lange, Oliver Rupp, Annette Becker
Carpels are the female reproductive organs of flowering plants (angiosperms), enclose the ovules, and develop into fruits. The presence of carpels unites angiosperms, and they are suggested to be the most important autapomorphy of the angiosperms, e.g., they prevent inbreeding and allow efficient seed dispersal. Many transcriptional regulators and coregulators essential for carpel development are encoded by diverse gene families and well characterized in Arabidopsis thaliana Among these regulators are AGAMOUS (AG), ETTIN (ETT), LEUNIG (LUG), SEUSS (SEU), SHORT INTERNODE/STYLISH (SHI/STY), and SEPALLATA1, 2, 3, 4 (SEP1, 2, 3, 4)...
October 20, 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048284/su-f-p-08-medical-physics-perspective-on-radiation-therapy-quality-and-safety-considerations-in-low-income-settings
#17
J Van Dyk, A Meghzifene
PURPOSE: The last few years have seen a significant growth of interest in the global radiation therapy crisis. Various organizations are quantifying the need and providing aid in support of addressing the shortfall existing in many low-to-middle income countries (LMICs). The Lancet Oncology Commission report (Lancet Oncol. Sep;16(10):1153-86, 2015) projects a need of 22,000 new medical physicists in LMICs by 2035 if there is to be equal access globally. With the tremendous demand for new facilities, equipment and personnel, it is very important to recognize quality and safety considerations and to address them directly...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041595/factors-associated-with-educational-mobility-in-mid-age-australian-women
#18
Leigh R Tooth, Gita D Mishra
The educational mobility of mid-age women is rarely studied. We analysed the baseline socio-economic position (SEP) and health factors associated with obtaining further education in 4117 mid-age Australian women between 1996 and 2010 (aged 45-50 at baseline, 62-67 at follow-up) from a population-based study. Women either unemployed or working part-time at baseline had higher odds of a stable low and middle education over time (ORs ranging from 1.61 to 3.86) versus educational mobility. Apart from obesity, characteristics that may signal an unhealthy lifestyle in early mid-life were not useful indicators of women's future educational mobility...
February 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032355/socioeconomic-position-during-life-and-periodontitis-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Helena Silveira Schuch, Karen G Peres, Ankur Singh, Marco A Peres, Loc G Do
Socioeconomic position (SEP) is a well-known risk indicator for chronic periodontitis. However, it is still unclear how SEP during the life course influences periodontal outcomes in adulthood. This study aimed to systematically review longitudinal studies investigating the influence of individual-level SEP during the life course on subsequent periodontitis in adulthood. Inclusion criteria were epidemiological longitudinal observational studies, in which indicators of relative SEP were assessed prior to clinical assessment of periodontitis...
December 29, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032061/indoor-environmental-factors-and-occurrence-of-lung-function-decline-in-adult-residents-in-summer-in-southwest-china
#20
Yu Jie, Li Kebin, Tang Yin, Xu Jie
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting reports on the respiratory health effects of indoor risk factor exposure. The aim of this study was to assess the association of indoor environmental factors to pulmonary function in an adult population in Zunyi City of Southwest China. METHODS: Between July and Sep 2012, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of people aged ≥18 yr in 11 inner-city areas of Zunyi. Data on asthma and asthma-related symptoms and selected home environmental factors were assessed by questionnaire...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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