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Maenia Scarpino, Giovanni Lanzo, Francesco Lolli, Riccardo Carrai, Marco Moretti, Maddalena Spalletti, Morena Cozzolino, Adriano Peris, Aldo Amantini, Antonello Grippo
INTRODUCTION: Prognosticating outcome after cardiac arrest(CA) requires a multimodal approach. However, evidence regarding combinations of methods is limited. We evaluated whether the combination of electroencephalography(EEG), somatosensory evoked potentials(SEPs) and brain computed tomography(CT) could predict poor outcome. METHODS: We screened our database regarding patients successfully resuscitated after CA, for whom EEG, SEPs and brain CT were available within 24 hours...
April 18, 2018: Resuscitation
Suvi Parikka, Esko Levälahti, Tuija Martelin, Tiina Laatikainen
Family is an important setting for development of eating behavior in childhood. The aim of this study was to investigate associations and direct and indirect pathways between family socioeconomic position (SEP) factors, family type and meal patterns in childhood on weekdays (4-6 meals a day, breakfast skipping, and family dinner). The cross-sectional LATE study was carried out in Finland in 2007-2009. Our dataset comprised 2864 school-aged children (aged ca 7-16 years). Associations between parental BMI, education, labor market status, perceived income sufficiency, family type and childhood meal patterns were first examined by bivariate and multivariate regression analyses separately for children (aged 7-11 years; N = 1920) and adolescents (14-16 years; N = 944)...
April 17, 2018: Appetite
Hui Li, Li Xiao, Lili Zhang, Jiarui Wu, Bin Wei, Ninghui Sun, Yi Zhao
smORFs are small open reading frames of less than 100 codons. Recent low throughput experiments showed a lot of smORF-encoded peptides (SEPs) played crucial rule in processes such as regulation of transcription or translation, transportation through membranes and the antimicrobial activity. In order to gather more functional SEPs, it is necessary to have access to genome-wide prediction tools to give profound directions for low throughput experiments. In this study, we put forward a functional smORF-encoded peptides predictor (FSPP) which tended to predict authentic SEPs and their functions in a high throughput method...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Yang Zhang, Yage Wang, Rujian Cai, Lei Shi, Chunling Li, He Yan
In this study, 130 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from samples associated with pork production were tested for prevalence of 18 staphylococcal enterotoxin (SE) genes. Approximately 94.6% (123/130) of isolates from different stages of pork production harbored one or more SE genes forming 37 different enterotoxin gene profiles. Seb was present in 60.0% of the S. aureus isolates, the highest among the genes tested. The genes, sed, sej, seo, sep, ser, and seu, were not found. The five classical SE genes (including sea, seb, sec, sed, see) had lower prevalence than the egc gene cluster (seg, sei, sem, sen, seo, or seu)...
April 19, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Hiroshi Ishibashi, Masaya Uchida, Keisuke Yoshimoto, Yuta Imamura, Ryoko Yamamoto, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Masahito Kawai, Nobuhiro Ichikawa, Yuji Takao, Nobuaki Tominaga, Yasuhiro Ishibashi, Koji Arizono
In this study, we determined the concentration of equine estrogens, such as equilin (Eq) and equilenin (Eqn), in the river water collected from nine research stations in Hokkaido, Japan. The LC-MS/MS analysis revealed that Eq concentrations were 2.7 ± 6.7, 0.22 ± 0.12, and 1.2 ± 0.64 ng/L in Sep 2015, Feb 2016, and Jul 2016, respectively. Eqn had concentration levels similar to those of Eq. Comparison of the concentrations at nine research stations showed that seasonal variation was observed in the detected Eq and Eqn concentration levels...
April 13, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Aosama Aljumaily, Hind Abdul Jaleel Al-Khazraji, Allan Gordon, Susan Lau, Keith Allen Jarvi
Background: While it is recognized that chronic pain may adversely impact sexual function and activity in men and we also recognize that sexual activity may worsen the pain for men with chronic scrotal pain (CSP), the effect on sexual functioning and conversely the impact of sex on CSP has not previously been documented. Methods: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database. Results: From Feb 2014 to Sep 2015, a total of 128 men presenting for assessment of CSP completed all or parts of a standardized questionnaire...
March 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
Altaf Hussian Thekiya, K R Aileni, Madhukar Reddy Rachala, Sathun Dharmender Reddy, K Sena Devi, Md Yaser Ahmed Khan
Objective: To evaluate shear bond strength (SBS) of Ormocer-bonded orthodontic brackets with self-etching primer (SEP) and conventional adhesive system and also to assess the amount of adhesive remaining on the tooth surface after debonding using adhesive remnant index (ARI). Materials and Methods: The study was done on 90 extracted human upper first permanent maxillary premolars. The study sample was categorized into three groups of 30 each to assess the SBS using three adhesives, Ormocer, SEP, and conventional adhesive system...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Florent Gobert, Frederic Dailler, Catherine Fischer, Nathalie André-Obadia, Jacques Luauté
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have shown that bilateral abolition of somatosensory evoked potentials after a nontraumatic coma has 100% specificity for nonawakening with ethical consequences for active care withdrawal. We propose to evaluate the prognostic value of bilateral abolished cortical components of SEPs in severe vascular coma. METHODS: A total of 144 comatose patients after subarachnoid haemorrhage were evaluated by multimodal evoked potentials (EPs); 7 patients presented a bilateral abolition of somatosensory and auditory EPs...
March 17, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Byoung-Joo Seo, Eu-Tteum Song, Kichan Lee, Jong-Won Kim, Chang-Gi Jeong, Sung-Hyun Moon, Jee Soo Son, Sang Hyeon Kang, Ho-Seong Cho, Byeong Yeal Jung, Won-Il Kim
The broad-spectrum lytic capability of Salmonella bacteriophages against various Salmonella species was evaluated to determine their potential as an alternative for antibiotics, and the safety and preventive effects of the bacteriophages were assessed on mice and pigs. Four bacteriophage cocktails were prepared using 13 bacteriophages, and the lytic capability of the four bacteriophage cocktails was tested using Salmonella reference strains and field isolates. Bacteriophage cocktail C (SEP-1, SGP-1, STP-1, SS3eP-1, STP-2, SChP-1, SAP-1, SAP-2; ≥109 pfu/ml) showed the best lytic activity against the Salmonella reference strains (100% of 34) and field isolates (92...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Remy J H Martens, Julianne D van der Berg, Coen D A Stehouwer, Ronald M A Henry, Hans Bosma, Pieter C Dagnelie, Martien C J M van Dongen, Simone J P M Eussen, Miranda T Schram, Simone J S Sep, Carla J H van der Kallen, Nicolaas C Schaper, Hans H C M Savelberg, Frank M van der Sande, Abraham A Kroon, Jeroen P Kooman, Annemarie Koster
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease, which is defined as having a reduced kidney function (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)) and/or signs of kidney damage (albuminuria), is highly prevalent in Western society and is associated with adverse health outcomes, such as cardiovascular disease. This warrants a search for risk factors of lower eGFR and higher albuminuria. Physical activity and sedentary behavior may be such risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations of physical activity (total, high, low), sedentary time and sedentary behavior patterns (breaks, prolonged bouts, average bout duration) with eGFR and albuminuria...
2018: PloS One
Gunhyuk Park, Seungmoon Choi
The authors of "A Physics-Based Vibrotactile Feedback Library for Collision Events" which appeared in the July-September 2017 issue of this journal [ibid., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 325-337, Jul.-Sep. 2017] would like to update their Acknowledgments section to say: The authors thank Jong-Rak Park for his discussion on the physics of multi-body collision and vibration. This work was supported by an MSIP/IITP grant (No. 16ZC1300), an IITP grant (No. 2017-0-00179), and an NRF grant (No. NRF-2017R1A2B4008144), all funded by the Korean government...
January 2018: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
Isabel Iguacel, Alexandra Chung, Emma Gearon, Luis A Moreno, Anna Peeters, Kathryn Backholer
Background: Previous research has examined the role of early-life risk factors on childhood weight gain.The extent to which these factors drive socioeconomic differences in weight is unclear. We aimed to quantify the influence of early-life risk factors on the development of socioeconomic inequalities in children's body mass index (BMI) z-score at 10-11 years. Methods: Overall, 2186 children from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were examined. Socioeconomic position (SEP) was measured as a continuous composite of parent's education, occupation and income...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Public Health
Dana Lee Olstad, Rebecca M Leech, Katherine M Livingstone, Kylie Ball, Beth Thomas, Jane Potter, Xenia Cleanthous, Rachael Reynolds, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: Increasing inequalities in rates of obesity and chronic disease may be partly fuelled by increasing dietary inequalities, however very few nationally representative analyses of socioeconomic trends in dietary inequalities exist. The release of the 2011-13 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey data allows investigation of change in dietary intake according to socioeconomic position (SEP) in Australia using a large, nationally representative sample, compared to the previous national survey in 1995...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Toshio Shimizu, Kota Bokuda, Hideki Kimura, Tsutomu Kamiyama, Yuki Nakayama, Akihiro Kawata, Eiji Isozaki, Yoshikazu Ugawa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate somatosensory cortex excitability and its relationship to survival prognosis in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: A total of 145 patients with sporadic ALS and 73 healthy control participants were studied. We recorded compound muscle action potential and sensory nerve action potential of the median nerve and the median nerve somatosensory evoked potential (SEP), and we measured parameters, including onset-to-peak amplitude of N13 and N20 and peak-to-peak amplitude between N20 and P25 (N20p-P25p)...
March 30, 2018: Neurology
Marijn van Dijk, Wilma Lipke
Early feeding problems occur frequently across the population, but have a higher incidence in children with Down syndrome (DS). Early identification can possibly be improved with the help of a valid screening instrument based on caregiver reports. In a previous study, we investigated the concurrent validity of the Dutch version of the Montreal Children's Hospital Feeding Scale (MCH-FS, SEP in Dutch) in a sample of typically developing toddlers, and we found a correlation between the score on the instrument and observed behavior during a regular meal...
March 27, 2018: Appetite
Bai-Bing Yang, Jia-Dong Xia, Zhi-Wei Hong, Zheng Zhang, You-Feng Han, Yun Chen, Yu-Tian Dai
The nerve electrophysiological tests may differentiate the treatment of primary premature ejaculation (PPE) in our previous studies. However, no study verifies if the results will be affected by abstinence time. From January to December in 2016, fifty PPE patients ejaculated within 2 min and 28 control subjects were enrolled. The nerve electrophysiological tests, including dorsal nerve somatosensory evoked potential (DNSEP), glans penis somatosensory evoked potential (GPSEP), and penile sympathetic skin response (PSSR), were recorded before and immediately after ejaculation...
March 30, 2018: Asian Journal of Andrology
Zifeng Guo, Dijun Chen, Thorsten Schnurbusch
Floret development is critical for grain setting in wheat ( Triticum aestivum ), but more than 50% of grain yield potential (based on the maximum number of floret primordia) is lost during the stem elongation phase (SEP, from the terminal spikelet stage to anthesis). Dynamic plant (e.g., leaf area, plant height) and floret (e.g., anther and ovary size) growth and its connection with grain yield traits (e.g., grain number and width) are not clearly understood. In this study, for the first time, we dissected the SEP into seven stages to investigate plant (first experiment) and floret (second experiment) growth in greenhouse- and field-grown wheat...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Geetanjali Gandhi, J P S Kalra, Amit Goyal, Atul Sharma
Introduction: Conventional acid-etching method irreversibly removes several microns of enamel surface and also involves many steps. Hence, a simplified technique that minimizes enamel loss, improves adhesion procedures, prevents saliva contamination, and saves chair time, thereby producing clinically useful bond strength, would be valuable. Aim: To assess and compare the bonding mechanism of a self-etching primer (SEP) to that of phosphoric acid on enamel of the human permanent teeth by a scanning electron microscope (SEM)...
January 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Runyuan Zhang, Nuanqin Zhang, Zhanqiang Fang
In this study, the remediation experiments were performed outdoors in natural conditions. Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)-stabilized nanoscale zero-valent iron (CMC-nZVI), biochar (BC) and CMC-stabilized nanoscale zero-valent iron composited with biochar (CMC-nZVI/BC) were synthesized and investigated for their effect on the in situ remediation of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] contaminated soil and the concentration of available iron was tested after the remediation, compared with the untreated soil. The results of toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) test showed that CMC-nZVI and CMC-nZVI/BC used as remediation materials could obviously improve the remediation rate of Cr contaminated soil and when the ratio of CMC-nZVI to Fe0 was 2...
March 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Iris E Martínez-Juárez, Bianca Funes, Julio C Moreno-Castellanos, Elisa Bribiesca-Contreras, Verónica Martínez-Bustos, Lizeth Zertuche-Ortuño, Laura E Hernández-Vanegas, Lizbeth Hernandez Ronquillo, Syed Rizvi, Wu Adam, Jose F Tellez-Zenteno
Objective: To provide a comprehensive transnational overview of wait times for epilepsy surgery in Canada and Mexico. Methods: We reviewed all cases referred for epilepsy surgery between 2007 and 2015 at the Saskatchewan Epilepsy Program Royal University Hospital (SEP) (n = 70; Saskatoon, Canada) and the National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery (NINN) (n = 76; Mexico City, Mexico) and compared wait times, calculated as the time from diagnosis of epilepsy on assessment at an epilepsy center to epilepsy surgery...
December 2017: Epilepsia Open
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