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Maxillofacial prosthodontics

Richard J Kratz, Caroline T Nguyen, Joanne N Walton, David MacDonald
The ability of dental students to interpret digital panoramic radiographs (PANs) of edentulous patients has not been documented. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the ability of second-year (D2) dental students with that of third- and fourth-year (D3-D4) dental students to interpret and identify positional errors in digital PANs obtained from patients with complete edentulism. A total of 169 digital PANs from edentulous patients were assessed by D2 (n=84) and D3-D4 (n=85) dental students at one Canadian dental school...
March 2018: Journal of Dental Education
Satyabodh Shesharaj Guttal, Ramesh K Nadiger, Pravinkumar Shetty
Context: Dental magnets are used for retaining removable prostheses such as a removable partial denture, complete denture, and maxillofacial prosthesis. They provide good retention for the prostheses. However, the elements released from the magnets may be cytotoxic for the tissues. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate their cytotoxic effect on cell lines. Aim: The aim of the study is to check the cytotoxic effect of indigenously fabricated dental magnets on animal cell lines...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Natalie M Plana, João Malta Barbosa, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Lawrence E Brecht, Eduardo D Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Facial transplantation (FT) is a challenging reconstructive endeavor that requires the expertise of a multidisciplinary team. The specific role of maxillofacial prosthodontists has not yet been reported in detail. METHODS: This review considers the contributions of prosthodontists throughout the FT process, from patient selection and dental evaluation to long-term dental rehabilitation of the transplant patient postoperatively. Moreover, considerations of dental management are evaluated...
February 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
E Brauner, A Quarato, F De Angelis, G Pompa, S Jamshir, V Valentini, S Di Carlo
INTRODUCTION: Osteosarcoma is an aggressive primary bone tumor composed of connective tissue cells directly producing osteoid and bone. Prosthetic rehabilitations in post-oncological patients after bone reconstruction are not substantially different than those of patients affected by severe atrophy of upper or lower jaw after bone reconstruction. The treatment for patients with a malignant neoplasia of the oral cavity requires multidisciplinary approach by a team of different specialists that follow the patient through the phases of diagnosis, therapy and oral rehabilitation...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
Y I Sumita, M Hattori, M Murase, M E Elbashti, H Taniguchi
Among the functional disabilities that patients face following maxillectomy, speech impairment is a major factor influencing quality of life. Proper rehabilitation of speech, which may include prosthodontic and surgical treatments and speech therapy, requires accurate evaluation of speech intelligibility (SI). A simple, less time-consuming yet accurate evaluation is desirable both for maxillectomy patients and the various clinicians providing maxillofacial treatment. This study sought to determine the utility of digital acoustic analysis of vowels for the prediction of SI in maxillectomy patients, based on a comprehensive understanding of speech production in the vocal tract of maxillectomy patients and its perception...
March 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Nelson Fernandes, Jacobus van den Heever, Leanne Sykes
Surgical and prosthodontic restoration of the midfacial region following tumor resection has always posed a considerable challenge, as this area serves crucial functional and esthetic roles. Being diagnosed and subsequently treated for facial tumors can have an immense psychosocial impact on a patient, as the resulting defects are often disfiguring, and lead to an inability to masticate, swallow, and speak clearly. Provision of an immediate facial and dental prosthesis at the time of surgery can limit these side effects and help reduce mental duress on these patients and their families, as well as aid in the process of rehabilitation...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Oliver Röhrle, Harnoor Saini, David C Ackland
OBJECTIVES: Occlusal loading during clenching and biting is achieved by the action of the masticatory system, and forms the basis for the evaluation of the functional performance of prosthodontic and maxillofacial components. This review provides an overview of (i) current bite force measurement techniques and their limitations and (ii) the use of computational modelling to predict bite force. A brief simulation study highlighting the challenges of current computational dental models is also presented...
January 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Pin Zhou, Yaming Chen, Jinglu Zhang, Kelun Wang, Peter Svensson
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review provides an overview of the quantitative sensory testing (QST) to assess somatosensory function in human oral mucosa. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed database to identify studies in vivo on human oral mucosa using QST methods. A list of 149 articles was obtained and screened. A total of 36 relevant articles remained and were read in full text. Manual search of the reference lists identified eight additional relevant studies...
January 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
J Dudley, F Mughal, E Hotinski, M Mahmud
Maxillofacial prosthetics is an important and recognized sub-discipline of prosthodontics that forms a key component of postgraduate training programmes. General dentists have a role to play in the management of maxillofacial defect patients even though treatment usually requires a multidisciplinary approach in an institutional environment. Maxillofacial prosthetic cases frequently present with complex histories but simple patient goals. The conservatively managed implant-retained auricular prosthesis, speech aid prosthesis and orbital prosthesis cases described in this report were completed in a postgraduate clinical residency program and highlight the intrinsic complexities, challenges and ultimately satisfaction related to cases of this nature...
August 29, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
Darshana Nilesh Shah, Chirag Jasubhai Chauhan, Jenish Sureshbhai Solanki
The significantly higher implant failure rates in maxillofacial patients, undergoing radiotherapy, might be caused by the long-term effects of reduced vascularization compromising the implantation site. An extensive preclinical animal literature and a multitude of clinical reports suggest the use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy as it can improve the tissue vascularity. Hence, it may increase the implant survival rate by enhancing osseointegration process in such patients. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of HBO therapy on dental implant survival rate in irradiated maxillofacial patients who require prosthodontic rehabilitation...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Andreas Sakkas, Frank Wilde, Marcus Heufelder, Karsten Winter, Alexander Schramm
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the clinical outcomes of graft success rate and early implant survival rate after preprosthetic alveolar ridge reconstruction with autologous bone grafts. METHODS: A consecutive retrospective study was conducted on all patients who were treated at the military outpatient clinic of the Department of Oral and Plastic Maxillofacial Surgery at the military hospital in Ulm (Germany) in the years of 2009 until 2011 with autologous bone transplantation prior to secondary implant insertion...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Y N Guo, J E Dudley, R M Logan, L C Richards
BACKGROUND: In recent years, implant dentistry has become a routine part of many general dental practices in Australia. However, there has been little information regarding its extent and scope. This investigation aimed to address this issue by surveying Australian general dental practitioners (GDP) and relevant specialists regarding their practice of implant dentistry. METHODS: Anonymous electronic surveys were designed online using SurveyMonkey™ and delivered to the following professional bodies: all seven state/territory branches of the Australian Dental Association, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Periodontists, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, and prosthodontist members of the Australian Prosthodontic Society...
December 2017: Australian Dental Journal
Nina Ariani, Harry Reintsema, Kathleen Ward, Cortino Sukotjo, Alvin G Wee
BACKGROUND: This study surveyed non-United States maxillofacial prosthodontists (MFP) to determine their practice profile and rationale for pursuing an MFP career. METHODS: Email addresses for the MFP were obtained from the International Society for Maxillofacial Rehabilitation, American Academy of Maxillofacial Prosthetics, and International Academy for Oral Facial Rehabilitation. Emails with a link to the electronic survey program were sent to each participant...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
James L Sheets, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Cortino Sukotjo, Betsy K Davis, Alvin G Wee
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The motivation of maxillofacial prosthodontists to go into fellowship training and specific procedures in maxillofacial prosthetics practice once they have completed training has not been previously evaluated. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to survey maxillofacial prosthodontists in the United States to investigate their reasons for pursuing maxillofacial prosthetic training and their practice profiles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In June 2015, a survey was sent to all US maxillofacial prosthodontists asking for descriptive demographics, their reasoning as to what prompted entrance into a maxillofacial prosthetic program, and their practice pattern...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Edoardo Brauner, Giorgio Pompa, Alessandro Quarato, Sara Jamshir, Francesca De Angelis, Stefano Di Carlo, Valentino Valentini
Background. Maxillofacial trauma represents a field of common interest as regards both the maxillofacial surgery and prosthodontics, especially for the functional and aesthetic stomatognathic rehabilitation. This condition necessitates relationship between maxillofacial surgeon and prosthodontist, to achieve the ultimate treatment goal. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to make predictable patients outcomes classifying their clinical data, using certain parameters and introducing a new classification method...
2017: BioMed Research International
Maria L Aguilar, Pamela Sandow, John W Werning, Lia Brenneman, Walter J Psoter
PURPOSE: The Patient Concern Inventory(©) (PCI) is a clinical tool of self-reported patient concerns to be used by the clinician to structure the patient-oncologist visit. It was developed in the United Kingdom to address the issues of quality of life (QOL) in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. The purpose of the study reported here was to determine the prevalence of PCI(©) items, the associations between PCI(©) items and QOL, and to explore the importance of oral/dental issues in the patient's well-being...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Re-Mee Doh, Sungtae Kim, Ki Chang Keum, Jun Won Kim, June-Sung Shim, Han-Sung Jung, Kyeong-Mee Park, Moon-Kyu Chung
PURPOSE: On maxillofacial tumor patients, oral implant placement prior to postoperative radiotherapy can shorten the period of prosthetic reconstruction. There is still lack of research on effects of post-implant radiotherapy such as healing process or loading time, which is important for prosthodontic treatment planning. Therefore, this study evaluated the effects of post-implant local irradiation on the osseointegration of implants during different healing stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Custom-made implants were placed bilaterally on maxillary posterior edentulous area 4 weeks after extraction of the maxillary first molars in Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats...
October 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Vinod Balla, Angleena Y Daniel, Nirmal Kurian
Gunshot injuries to the face can have serious aesthetic, functional, and psychological consequences. The incapacitating nature of maxillofacial defects makes reconstruction of the maxilla and mandible challenging, owing to multiple surgeries and extensive rehabilitation phase. Outcome of prosthodontic treatment is one of the important parameters by which a patient measures the success of rehabilitation. A 5-year follow-up of comprehensive surgical and prosthodontic reconstruction of a gunshot injury using dental implants is described...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Elena Nazarova, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
The aims of this study were to assess features of an academic career that dental specialty residents, as a group and by gender, find most attractive and to identify what determines their expectations for responsibilities and professional growth in academic employment. In November 2013, an invitation to participate in the study along with a link to an online survey was sent to the 407 U.S. program directors of six of the dental specialties (endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, and orthodontics), asking them to forward the survey to their residents...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
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