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Maxillofacial prosthodontics

Maria L Aguilar, Pamela Sandow, John W Werning, Lia Brenneman, Walter J Psoter
PURPOSE: The Patient Concern Inventory(©) (PCI) is a clinical tool of self-reported patient concerns to be used by the clinician to structure the patient-oncologist visit. It was developed in the United Kingdom to address the issues of quality of life (QOL) in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. The purpose of the study reported here was to determine the prevalence of PCI(©) items, the associations between PCI(©) items and QOL, and to explore the importance of oral/dental issues in the patient's well-being...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Re-Mee Doh, Sungtae Kim, Ki Chang Keum, Jun Won Kim, June-Sung Shim, Han-Sung Jung, Kyeong-Mee Park, Moon-Kyu Chung
PURPOSE: On maxillofacial tumor patients, oral implant placement prior to postoperative radiotherapy can shorten the period of prosthetic reconstruction. There is still lack of research on effects of post-implant radiotherapy such as healing process or loading time, which is important for prosthodontic treatment planning. Therefore, this study evaluated the effects of post-implant local irradiation on the osseointegration of implants during different healing stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Custom-made implants were placed bilaterally on maxillary posterior edentulous area 4 weeks after extraction of the maxillary first molars in Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats...
October 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
Vinod Balla, Angleena Y Daniel, Nirmal Kurian
Gunshot injuries to the face can have serious aesthetic, functional, and psychological consequences. The incapacitating nature of maxillofacial defects makes reconstruction of the maxilla and mandible challenging, owing to multiple surgeries and extensive rehabilitation phase. Outcome of prosthodontic treatment is one of the important parameters by which a patient measures the success of rehabilitation. A 5-year follow-up of comprehensive surgical and prosthodontic reconstruction of a gunshot injury using dental implants is described...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Elena Nazarova, Melanie Martin-Peele, Judith Fifield
The aims of this study were to assess features of an academic career that dental specialty residents, as a group and by gender, find most attractive and to identify what determines their expectations for responsibilities and professional growth in academic employment. In November 2013, an invitation to participate in the study along with a link to an online survey was sent to the 407 U.S. program directors of six of the dental specialties (endodontics, oral and maxillofacial surgery, pediatric dentistry, periodontics, prosthodontics, and orthodontics), asking them to forward the survey to their residents...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Alice Aquino Zanin, Lara Maria Herrera, Rodolfo Francisco Haltenhoff Melani
In light of the fact that dentists may be held civilly liable for their practice, it is important to understand the current situation of lawsuits filed against these professionals by studying current legal decisions and the literature. The objective of this study was to analyze the case law of the Court of Justice of São Paulo, Brazil, relative to the profile of patients and professionals, the most commonly involved specialties, the amounts litigated and the court decisions pertaining to civil liability lawsuits against dentists...
August 18, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
Yasemin Nur Korkmaz, Filiz Yagci
OBJECTIVE: Tooth transposition is a rare dental anomaly that could lead to undesirable side effects on other teeth. This case report aims to describe the multidisciplinary treatment of a patient with a severely resorbed permanent maxillary central incisor due to transposition with the permanent canine. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: A girl aged 13 years and 7 months with a chief complaint of a pink spot on her maxillary left incisor with a slightly erupted tooth above it was referred to our clinic...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Jee-Hwan Kim, Soo-Yeon Shin, Janghyun Paek, Jong-Ho Lee, Ho-Beom Kwon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the demographic patterns of maxillofacial prosthetic treatment to identify the characteristics and geographic distribution of patients with maxillofacial prosthetics in the capital region of Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analytical multicenter study was performed by chart reviews. This study included patients who visited the department of prosthodontics at four university dental hospitals for maxillofacial prosthetic rehabilitation...
June 2016: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
J Ahlqvist
The aims of this study were; i) to determine the accuracy by which two intra-oral radiographic examinations performed on patients with edentulous mandibles treated with dental implants can be matched. ii) to determine whether prosthodontic supra-construction is important for matching. iii) to investigate whether there is a difference between oral and maxilla-facial radiologists (OMR) and dental practitioners, not specialized in oral and maxillofacial radiology (NOMR), regarding their ability to match. The specific features of the radiographs used by the operators to acquire a match were also investigated...
2016: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
Aljomar José Vechiato-Filho, Aldiéris Alves Pesqueira, Grace M De Souza, Daniela Micheline dos Santos, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer, Marcelo Coelho Goiato
PURPOSE: This systematic review aimed to evaluate whether the survival rate and predictability of zirconia abutments are similar to those of titanium abutments for single implant crowns in the posterior area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of two databases (Medline/PubMed and Cochrane Library) was performed by two independent reviewers for articles published between January 2004 and July 2014. The electronic search was complemented by a hand search of the following journals from the same period: Journal of Periodontology, Clinical Oral Implants Research, International Journal of Prosthodontics, and International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants...
May 2016: International Journal of Prosthodontics
George Puthenpurayil John, Tatu Elenjickal Joy, Justin Mathew, Vinod R B Kumar
Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) is a medical imaging technique of X-ray computed tomography where the X-rays are divergent, forming a cone. CBCT systems have been designed for imaging hard tissues of the maxillofacial region. The increasing availability of this technology provides the dental clinician with an imaging modality capable of providing a three-dimensional representation of the maxillofacial skeleton with minimal distortion. This article is intended to elaborate and enunciate on the various applications and benefits of CBCT, in the realm of maxillofacial prosthodontics, over and beyond its obvious benefits in the rehabilitation of patients with implants...
January 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Padhraig S Fleming, Despina Koletsi, Kevin O'Brien, Aliki Tsichlaki, Nikolaos Pandis
OBJECTIVES: There is an increasing recognition that research outcomes should resonate with patients rather than fixating on technical aspects of interventions. We aimed to assess the nature of outcomes within a representative subset of clinical trials published in leading dental journals. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials published over a 3-year period up to December 31st, 2015 were identified in eight leading general and specialty dental journals: Journal of Dental Research, Journal of Dentistry, American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Pediatric Dentistry, International Journal of Prosthodontics, Journal of Endodontics, International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Journal of Clinical Periodontology...
June 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Amir Eskandarloo, Amin Mahdavi Asl, Mohsen Jalalzadeh, Maryam Tayari, Mohammad Hosseinipanah, Javad Fardmal, Abbas Shokri
Accurate and early diagnosis of vertical root fractures (VRFs) is imperative to prevent extensive bone loss and unnecessary endodontic and prosthodontic treatments. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of time lapse on the diagnostic accuracy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for VRFs in endodontically treated dog's teeth. Forty-eight incisors and premolars of three adult male dogs underwent root canal therapy. The teeth were assigned to two groups: VRFs were artificially induced in the first group (n=24) while the teeth in the second group remained intact (n=24)...
January 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
Amar Bhochhibhoya, Pranay Shakya, Suraj Mathema, Brijesh Maskey
Rehabilitating patients with a mandibulectomy defect is a challenging task as such surgical resections may result in discontinuity defects that pose functional, esthetic, and psychological problems. A decreased denture-bearing area, increased interarch space, and lever action in such maxillofacial defects may cause problems with regard to retention, stability, and support of the prosthesis. Reducing the weight of the prosthesis helps to decrease the lever action and load on the residual alveolar ridge. This clinical report describes how a patient with a posterior segmental mandibulectomy was rehabilitated with a hollow cast partial dental prosthesis using a simplified technique with expanded polystyrene...
July 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Yiqun Wu, Wei Huang, Zhiyong Zhang, Zhiyuan Zhang, Duohong Zou
OBJECTIVES: The reconstruction of oral function in irradiated patients with craniofacial tumors is a significant challenge. The aim of this study was to detect long-term success of dental implant-supported dentures in postirradiated patients treated for neoplasms of the maxillofacial skeleton. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2004 to 2011, 36 irradiated patients underwent oral function reconstruction using implant-supported prostheses. Bone augmentation was completed using vascularized bone grafts in 22 patients...
December 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Rutger H Schepers, Joep Kraeima, Arjan Vissink, Lars U Lahoda, Jan L N Roodenburg, Harry Reintsema, Gerry M Raghoebar, Max J Witjes
BACKGROUND: We compared the pre-operative 3D-surgical plan with the surgical outcome of complex two-stage secondary reconstruction of maxillofacial defects using inserted implants in the prefabricated fibula graft. METHODS: Eleven reconstructions of maxillofacial defects with prefabricated fibulas were performed using a 3D virtual planning. Accuracy of placement of the fibula grafts and dental implants was compared to pre-operative 3D virtual plans by superimposing pre-operative and post-operative CT-scans: we first superimposed the CT-scans on the antagonist jaw, to represent the outcome of occlusion, and then superimposed on the planned fibula segments...
April 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Narender Singh, R K Dhiman, Dinesh Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Thorakkal Shamim
There is a paucity of information about the dental specialties related articles published in the Medical Journal Armed Forces India (MJAFI). This study aimed to audit the dental specialities related articles published in MJAFI from 2000 to 2014 over a 15-year period. Bibliometric analysis of sixty issues of MJAFI from 2000 to 2014 were performed using web-based search. The articles published were analyzed for type of article and topic of individual dental specialities. The articles published were also evaluated to identify whether the study was an Armed Forces Medical Research Committee Project or funded research project or not...
December 2015: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
I P Majithia, Vimal Arora, S Anil Kumar, Vivek Saxena, Manish Mittal
BACKGROUND: Prosthodontic Rehabilitation of Treated Maxillofacial Trauma Cases by Evaluating Occlusal Force Distribution Using Computerized Occlusal Analysis. METHOD: 30 patients were selected for the study. 15 normal and 15 treated trauma patients were subjected to T Scan analysis and evaluated for the occlusal force distribution. RESULTS: The results take into consideration the two parameters. Firstly the largest articulating paper mark (photographed) and secondly the T scan of the same patient...
December 2015: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Andreas Sakkas, Alexander Schramm, Winter Karsten, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Frank Wilde
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using the zygomatic buttress as an intraoral bone harvesting donor site and determine the safety of this harvesting procedure for later optimal positioning of dental implants in accordance with prosthodontic and functional principles. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A consecutive retrospective study was conducted on patients who had been treated at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of Ulm military and academic hospital, over a 3-year period (January 2008 to December 2010)...
March 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
George K Bourne, Andrew J Barber, Paul H R Wilson
A 37 year old male presented with the complaint of a loose and bulky acrylic obturator prosthesis. He had previously tried to using a different acrylic obturator prostheses as well as both cobalt chromium and titanium framework obturators. The most successful previous prosthesis was a titanium based obturator which had performed well prior to a fractured clasp. Accordingly, following an exploration of the available surgical and prosthodontic treatment options, a further tooth borne partial maxillary obturator was provided successfully...
December 2015: European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry
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