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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633357/matter-an-r-package-for-rapid-prototyping-with-larger-than-memory-datasets-on-disk
#1
Kylie A Bemis, Olga Vitek
Summary: We introduce matter , an R package for direct interactions with larger-than-memory datasets, stored in an arbitrary number of files of any size. matter is primarily designed for datasets in new and rapidly evolving file formats, which may lack extensive software support. matter enables a wide variety of data exploration and manipulation steps, and is extensible to many bioinformatics applications. It supports reproducible research by minimizing the need of converting and storing data in multiple formats...
June 15, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630686/fecal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-and-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-egyptian-patients-with-community-onset-gastrointestinal-complaints-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#2
H M Abdallah, N Alnaiemi, E A Reuland, B B Wintermans, A Koek, A M Abdelwahab, A Samy, K W Abdelsalam, C M J E Vandenbroucke-Grauls
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase production among Enterobacteriaceae isolated from ambulatory patients with gastrointestinal complaints admitted to El-Ahrar General Hospital, Zagazig, Egypt in the period between January 2013 and May 2013. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen Enterobacteriaceae isolates were recovered from 100 consecutive Egyptian patients with community-onset gastrointestinal complaints...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622185/a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-of-the-adjacent-segment-parameters-in-cervical-disk-arthroplasty-versus-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#3
Liang Dong, Dongqi Wang, Xiujin Chen, Tuanjing Liu, Zhengwei Xu, Mingsheng Tan, Dingjun Hao
STUDY DESIGN: This is a meta-analysis of controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: To assess the overall condition of adjacent segment of cervical disk arthroplasty (CDA) compared with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: With the increase in CDA and ACDF, surgeons are taking more attention to adjacent segment degeneration (ASDeg) and adjacent segment disease (ASDis). There are more and more meta-analyses comparing the efficacy of CDA with ACDF, however, there are few meta-analyses referring to adjacent segment parameters, and investigators are still unable to arrive at the same conclusion...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622016/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-is-involved-in-nucleus-pulposus-degeneration-and-attenuates-low-ph-induced-apoptosis-of-rat-nucleus-pulposus-cells
#4
Zhi-Yang Xie, Lu Chen, Feng Wang, Lei Liu, Cong Zhang, Kun Wang, Feng Cai, Arjun Sinkemanni, Xin Hong, Xiao-Tao Wu
The microenvironment of degenerative intervertebral disk (IVD) is characteristic of a high concentration of lactic acid and low pH levels, whereas the underlying mechanism has not been clearly defined. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the hub of interactions between environmental signals and cellular biological functions, the malfunction of which is closely involved in the pathogenesis of multiple disorders, including IVD degeneration (IVDD). This research mainly aims at exploring what role ER stress plays in the natural process of IVDD and pH-induced apoptosis of rat nucleus pulposus (NP) cells (NPCs)...
June 16, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619105/patterns-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-a-study-in-vietnam
#5
Giang M Tran, Thao P Ho-Le, Duc T Ha, Chau H Tran-Nguyen, Tuyet S M Nguyen, Thao T N Pham, Tuyet A Nguyen, Dung A Nguyen, Hoa Q Hoang, Ngoc V Tran, Tuan V Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance has emerged as a major concern in developing countries. The present study sought to define the pattern of antimicrobial resistance in ICU patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia. METHODS: Between November 2014 and September 2015, we enrolled 220 patients (average age ~ 71 yr) who were admitted to ICU in a major tertiary hospital in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Data concerning demographic characteristics and clinical history were collected from each patient...
June 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618487/measuring-geometric-frustration-in-twisted-inextensible-filament-bundles
#6
Andreea Panaitescu, Gregory M Grason, Arshad Kudrolli
We investigate with experiments and mapping the structure of a hexagonally ordered filament bundle that is held near its ends and progressively twisted around its central axis. The filaments are free to slide relative to each other and are further held under tension-free boundary conditions. Measuring the bundle packing with micro x-ray imaging, we find that the filaments develop the helical rotation Ω imposed at the boundaries. We then show that the observed structure is consistent with a mapping of the filament positions to disks packed on a dual non-Euclidean surface with a Gaussian curvature which increases with twist...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618377/ring-and-peg-electrodes-for-minimally-invasive-and-long-term-sub-scalp-eeg-recordings
#7
Y B Benovitski, A Lai, C C McGowan, O Burns, V Maxim, D A X Nayagam, R Millard, G D Rathbone, M A le Chevoir, R A Williams, D B Grayden, C N May, M Murphy, W J D'Souza, M J Cook, C E Williams
OBJECTIVE: Minimally-invasive approaches are needed for long-term reliable Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings to assist with epilepsy diagnosis, investigation and more naturalistic monitoring. This study compared three methods for long-term implantation of sub-scalp EEG electrodes. METHODS: Three types of electrodes (disk, ring, and peg) were fabricated from biocompatible materials and implanted under the scalp in five ambulatory ewes for 3months. Disk electrodes were inserted into sub-pericranial pockets...
June 12, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617524/high-prevalence-of-methicillin-resistant-coagulase-negative-staphylococci-isolated-from-a-university-environment-in-thailand
#8
Rathanin Seng, Udomluk Leungtongkam, Rapee Thummeepak, Wassana Chatdumrong, Sutthirat Sitthisak
The present study was conducted to isolate and characterize the molecular epidemiology of the methicillin-resistant staphylococci in the general university environment, where all five locations; the library, restrooms, canteens, computer rooms and outdoor surfaces, are in common use by a large population of students. We used Mannitol Salt Agar (MSA) supplemented with 4 μg/ml of oxacillin to screen the methicillin-resistant staphylococci. The species level was identified by PCR of rdr (Staphylococcus epidermidis), groESL (Staphylococcus haemolyticus) and nuc (Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus warneri) genes and DNA sequencing of tuf and dnaJ genes...
June 2017: International Microbiology: the Official Journal of the Spanish Society for Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616818/fosfomycin-for-the-treatment-of-drug-resistant-urinary-tract-infections-potential-of-an-old-drug-not-explored-fully
#9
Vrushali Patwardhan, Sarman Singh
INTRODUCTION: Increased emergence of bacterial resistance and the limited options of novel antimicrobial agents have necessitated the reintroduction of some old antimicrobial agents. One such drug is fosfomycin, but its potential has not been explored fully, especially in India. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the in vitro activity of fosfomycin, against the urinary isolates and to compare it with in vitro activity of other orally administered antimicrobial agents...
June 14, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615925/anterior-lamina-cribrosa-surface-depth-in-healthy-saudi-females
#10
Amira El-Agamy, Fayrouz Oteaf, Mohamed Berika
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine normative profile of anterior lamina cribrosa surface depth (ALCSD) in healthy Saudi females using Topcon Three-Dimensional (3D) Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) 2000 - Spectral Domain (SD-OCT). In addition, the correlation between ALCSD and other clinical factors such as age, refractive error, intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness, anterior chamber depth, axial length, retinal nerve fiber layer thickness, and disk area was also assessed...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614606/antagonism-of-trichoderma-isolates-against-leucoagaricus-gongylophorus-singer-m%C3%A3-ller
#11
Mariela Otoni do Nascimento, Renato de Almeida Sarmento, Gil Rodrigues Dos Santos, Cléia Almeida de Oliveira, Danival José de Souza
Filamentous fungi from the genus Trichoderma are commonly found in soil. They are considered facultative mycoparasites, and are antagonists of other fungi such as the cultivar of leaf-cutting ants (Leucoagaricus gongylophorus). The aim of the present study was to bioprospect Trichoderma spp. from different soils collected from Gurupi, Tocantins, Brazil, for antagonistic effects against the mutualistic fungus of leaf-cutting ants. To isolate filamentous fungi, samples were collected from six locations. Preliminarily, isolates were identified by morphological analysis as belonging to Trichoderma...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602707/distribution-and-characterization-of-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-isolates-from-environmental-and-clinical-samples-in-thailand
#12
Panida Paopradit, Kanchana Srinitiwarawong, Natnicha Ingviya, Kamonnut Singkhamanan, Varaporn Vuddhakul
BACKGROUND: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia has emerged as an important opportunistic pathogen especially in immunocompromised hosts suffering from malignancy and prolonged hospitalization. Information of this bacterium in Thailand has not been elucidated. AIMS: To investigate phenotype and genotype of environmental and clinical isolates of S. maltophilia in Songklanagarind hospital, southern Thailand. METHODS: Isolates of S. maltophilia from various environmental sources on 3 hospital wards and clinical samples from 7 wards were collected...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598203/prevalence-and-mechanism-of-fluoroquinolone-resistance-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-swine-feces-in-korea
#13
Yoon Sung Hu, Sook Shin, Yong Ho Park, Kun Taek Park
In this study, we investigated the prevalence and fluoroquinolone (FQ) resistance mechanisms in Escherichia coli isolated from swine fecal samples. E. coli isolates were collected from 171 (72.2%) of 237 swine fecal samples. Of these, 59 isolates (34.5%) were confirmed as FQ-resistant E. coli by the disk diffusion method. Of the FQ-resistant isolates, three major FQ resistance mechanisms were investigated. Of the 59 isolates, plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes were detected in 9 isolates (15.3%). Efflux pump activity was found in 56 isolates (94...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597998/a-novel-mechanical-mitral-valve-replacement-using-sapien-xt
#14
Megan Koehle, Justin A Strote, Mark Guadagnoli, J Bradley Oldemeyer
PATIENT PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 66 year old female who presented to our institution fourteen years after receiving a St. Jude Mechanical Mitral Valve Replacement. She presented in refractory NYHA class IV congestive heart failure with comorbidities of acute renal failure, liver failure, and mental status changes. She was found to have immobility of one of the mitral valve disks with resultant severe mitral stenosis with a mean pressure gradient of 12 mmHg. EVALUATION AND MANAGEMENT: The patient was found to have an STS predicted mortality of 39% with redo surgical MVR, and evaluation by the valve team led to a recommendation of a hybrid surgical and transcatheter procedure...
June 9, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579929/microfabricated-massive-electrochemical-arrays-of-uniform-ultramicroelectrodes
#15
Christopher Gunderson, Bo Zhang
We report the preparation and electrochemical characterization of massive electrochemical arrays containing as many as 110,000 highly uniform ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs). These arrays were microfabricated using conventional photolithography techniques on a gold-coated silicon chip in a simple three-step method. Photoresist polymer was used as an effective insulating matrix to define 2 μm, 3 μm, and 4 μm diameter circular UMEs across a 1 × 1 mm(2) area. The UME arrays are high uniform and contain tens of thousands of active disk-shape UMEs slightly recessed in thin films of photoresist...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579788/primary-angle-closure-glaucomas-disturb-regional-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-the-visual-pathway-an-fmri-study
#16
Wei Chen, Li Zhang, Yong-Gen Xu, Kai Zhu, Man Luo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the underlying regional brain activity deficits in the visual cortex in patients with primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) relative to normal controls (NCs) using regional homogeneity (ReHo) method, and its relationship with behavioral performances. PATIENTS: Twenty PACG patients (10 females, 10 males; mean age ± standard deviation [SD]: 54.42±9.46 years) and 20 age-, and sex status-matched NCs (10 females, 10 males; mean age ± SD: 53.75±9...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578094/salmonella-heidelberg-genetic-profile-of-its-antimicrobial-resistance-related-to-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-esbls
#17
Jéssica Giuriatti, Lenita Moura Stefani, Maiara Cristina Brisola, Regiane Boaretto Crecencio, Dinael Simão Bitner, Gláucia Amorim Faria
The objective of this study was to evaluate the phenotypic and genotypic profile of antimicrobial susceptibility and the possible involvement of extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in the resistance profile of Salmonella Heidelberg (SH) isolated from chicken meat. We used 18 SH isolates from chicken meat produced in 2013 in the state of Paraná, Southern Brazil. The isolates were submitted to disk-diffusion tests and from these results it was possible to determine the number of isolates considered multiresistant and the index of multiple antimicrobial resistance (IRMA) against ten antimicrobials routinely used in human and veterinary medicine...
May 31, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577365/prevalence-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-lumbini-medical-college-and-teaching-hospital-palpa-western-nepal
#18
Shristi Raut, Kishor Bajracharya, Janak Adhikari, Sushama Suresh Pant, Bipin Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistant Staphylococcus aureus is common in both tertiary and primary health care settings. Emergence of methicillin resistance in S. aureus (MRSA) along with macrolide, lincosamide, streptogramin B (MLSB) has made treatment of Staphylococcal infection more challenging. The main objective of this study was to detect MRSA, MLSB (inducible; MLSBi and constitutive; MLSBc) resistant S. aureus using phenotypic methods and to determine their antibiogram. METHODS: Various samples were collected from 1981 patients who attended Lumbini Medical College and Teaching Hospital (LMCTH) during the period of 6 months from September 2015 to February 2016...
June 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575953/ag-bamoo4-er-3-yb-3-photocatalyst-for-antibacterial-application
#19
Schindra Kumar Ray, Dipesh Dhakal, Ramesh Prasad Pandey, Soo Wohn Lee
Silver loaded and Er(3+)/Yb(3+) doped BaMoO4 octahedron microcrystals were fabricated by microwave hydrothermal process. The synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and Ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflection spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS). The antibacterial application of samples were investigated by visible light irradiation and disk-diffusion method towards representative Gram-negative pathogen (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram-positive pathogen (methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus)...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574025/patterns-in-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-salmonellae-isolated-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-northern-india
#20
Preeti Behl, Varsha Gupta, Atul Sachdev, Vishal Guglani, Jagdish Chander
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Multidrug-resistant Salmonellae have emerged worldwide as also in India. The aim of this study was to study the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Salmonella enterica serovars isolated at a tertiary care hospital in northern India. METHODS: A total of 106 S. enterica serovars isolated from various clinical samples from January 2011 to June 2012 were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility by Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol and ceftriaxone was determined both by agar dilution method and E-test for all the isolates...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
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