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selenium nanoparticle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783048/exploring-the-behavior-and-metabolic-transformations-of-senps-in-exposed-lactic-acid-bacteria-effect-of-nanoparticles-coating-agent
#1
Maria Palomo-Siguero, Yolanda Madrid
The behavior and transformation of selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) in living systems such as microorganisms is largely unknown. To address this knowledge gap, we examined the effect of three types of SeNP suspensions toward Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus LB-12 using a variety of techniques. SeNPs were synthesized using three types of coating agents (chitosan (CS-SeNPs), hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC-SeNPs) and a non-ionic surfactant, surfynol (ethoxylated-SeNPs)). Morphologies of SeNPs were all spherical...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773975/synthesis-of-cdse-quantum-dots-using-fusarium-oxysporum
#2
Takaaki Yamaguchi, Yoshijiro Tsuruda, Tomohiro Furukawa, Lumi Negishi, Yuki Imura, Shohei Sakuda, Etsuro Yoshimura, Michio Suzuki
CdSe quantum dots are often used in industry as fluorescent materials. In this study, CdSe quantum dots were synthesized using Fusarium oxysporum. The cadmium and selenium concentration, pH, and temperature for the culture of F. oxysporum (Fusarium oxysporum) were optimized for the synthesis, and the CdSe quantum dots obtained from the mycelial cells of F. oxysporum were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Ultra-thin sections of F. oxysporum showed that the CdSe quantum dots were precipitated in the intracellular space, indicating that cadmium and selenium ions were incorporated into the cell and that the quantum dots were synthesized with intracellular metabolites...
October 20, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738620/proteins-in-microbial-synthesis-of-selenium-nanoparticles
#3
Anna V Tugarova, Alexander A Kamnev
Biogenic formation of nano-sized particles composed of various materials (in particular, selenium) by live microorganisms is widespread in nature. This phenomenon has been increasingly attracting the attention of researchers over the last decade not only owing to a range of diverse applications of such nanoparticles (NPs) in nanobiotechnology, but also because of the specificity of methodologies and mechanisms of NPs formation related to "green synthesis". In this mini-review, recent data are discussed on the multifaceted role of proteins in the processes of microbial reduction of selenium oxyanions and the formation of Se NPs...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718286/functionalized-selenium-nanosystem-as-radiation-sensitizer-of-125-i-seeds-for-precise-cancer-therapy
#4
Yahui Yang, Qiang Xie, Zhennan Zhao, Lizhen He, Leung Chan, Yingxiang Liu, Yongle Chen, Mingjun Bai, Tao Pan, Yanni Qu, Long Ling, Tianfeng Chen
Although radiotherapy has been extensively applied in cancer treatment, external beam radiation therapy is still unable to avoid damage to adjacent normal tissues in the process of delivering a sufficient radiation dose to the tumor sites of patients. To overcome this limitation, chemoradiotherapy, as a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy of a radioactive seed, has been proposed to decrease the damage to tumor-surrounding tissues and enhance the radiosensitivity of solid tumors. In this study, we designed and synthesized folic acid-conjugated selenium nanoparticles (FA@SeNPs) as a cancer-targeting agent that could be synergistically enhanced by radioactive (125)I seeds to realize anticancer efficacy and inhibited colony formation ability...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714110/poly-vinylpyrollidone-and-selenocysteine-modified-bi2-se3-nanoparticles-enhance-radiotherapy-efficacy-in-tumors-and-promote-radioprotection-in-normal-tissues
#5
Jiangfeng Du, Zhanjun Gu, Liang Yan, Yuan Yong, Xuan Yi, Xiao Zhang, Jing Liu, Renfei Wu, Cuicui Ge, Chunying Chen, Yuliang Zhao
The development of a new generation of nanoscaled radiosensitizers that can not only enhance radiosensitization of tumor tissues, but also increase radioresistance of healthy tissue is highly desirable, but remains a great challenge. Here, this paper reports a new versatile theranostics based on poly(vinylpyrollidone)- and selenocysteine-modified Bi2 Se3 nanoparicles (PVP-Bi2 Se3 @Sec NPs) for simultaneously enhancing radiotherapeutic effects and reducing the side-effects of radiation. The as-prepared nanoparticles exhibit significantly enhanced free-radical generation upon X-ray radiation, and remarkable photothermal effects under 808 nm NIR laser irradiation because of their strong X-ray attenuation ability and high NIR absorption capability...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709020/ruthenium-complexes-polypeptide-self-assembled-nanoparticles-for-identification-of-bacterial-infection-and-targeted-antibacterial-research
#6
Na Huang, Xu Chen, Xufeng Zhu, Mengmeng Xu, Jie Liu
Bacterial infection has been a threat to human health, and so early diagnosis and treatment of bacterial infection is an urgent problem that needs to be solved. In this work, a multifunctional theranostic selenium nanoplatform (Se@PEP-Ru NPs) with early imaging diagnosis and efficient treatment of bacterial infections was designed and constructed. First, the antibacterial peptide UBI29-41 (PEP) was linked to functionalized Selenium nanoparticles (NPs), which enhanced the stability of the antimicrobial peptide and also caused the nanocomposites to specifically target bacterial infection...
July 5, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703339/the-synthesis-and-photophysical-analysis-of-a-series-of-4-nitrobenzochalcogenadiazoles-for-super-resolution-microscopy
#7
Daniel Ray Jenkinson, Ashley Cadby, Simon Jones
A series of 4-nitrobenzodiazoles with atomic substitution through the chalcogen group were synthesised and their photophysical properties analysed with a view for use in single-molecule localisation microscopy. Sub-diffraction resolution imaging was achieved for silica nanoparticles coated with each dye. Those containing larger atoms were favoured for super-resolution microscopy due to a reduced blink rate (required for stochastic events to be localised). The sulfur containing molecule was deemed most amenable for widespread use due to the ease of synthetic manipulation compared to the selenium containing derivative...
July 13, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693096/chiral-penicillamine-modified-selenium-nanoparticles-enantioselectively-inhibit-metal-induced-amyloid-%C3%AE-aggregation-for-treating-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Dongdong Sun, Weiwei Zhang, Qianqian Yu, Xu Chen, Meng Xu, Yanhui Zhou, Jie Liu
Nanometer-scale chirality has gained significant interest from different research fields due to its fundamental importance in nature and living matter. In this study, we design and synthesize chiral penicillamine-capped selenium nanoparticles (l-/d-Pen@Se NPs) that can act as a novel class of chiral amyloid-β (Aβ) inhibitors. In this work, d-Pen@Se NPs demonstrate higher inhibition efficiency, as well as ameliorate cognition and memory impairments. We used rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells to perform real-time cell analysis assay (RTCA) to probe the potential cytotoxicity of l-/d-Pen@Se NPs...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691127/selenium-nanoparticles-with-low-level-ionizing-radiation-exposure-ameliorate-nicotine-induced-inflammatory-impairment-in-rat-kidney
#9
Walid E Zahran, Sawsan M Elsonbaty, Fatma S M Moawed
Occupational exposure to low-level ionizing radiation (<1 Gy) was shown to enhance cell protection via attenuating an established inflammatory process. Nicotine, a major toxic component of cigarette smoke, is responsible for smoking-mediated renal dysfunction. The present study was therefore aimed to investigate the protective impact of ginger Zingiber officinale selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) with whole-body low-dose gamma radiation (γ-R) against nicotine-induced nephrotoxicity in male albino rats. Nicotine intoxication was induced with 0...
July 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685585/the-effects-of-combined-selenium-nanoparticles-and-radiation-therapy-on-breast-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#10
Feng Chen, Xiao Hong Zhang, Xiao Dan Hu, Pei Dang Liu, Hai Qian Zhang
Radiosensitizers that increase cancer cell radio-sensitivity can enhance the effectiveness of irradiation and minimize collateral damage. Nanomaterial has been employed in conjunction with radiotherapy as radiosensitizers, due to its unique physicochemical properties. In this article, we evaluated selenium nanoparticles (Nano-Se) as a new radiosensitizer. Nano-Se was used in conjunction with irradiation on MCF-7 breast cancer cells, and efficacy and mechanisms of this combined treatment approach were evaluated...
July 7, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684913/preparation-and-antioxidant-properties-of-selenium-nanoparticles-loaded-chitosan-microspheres
#11
Kaikai Bai, Bihong Hong, Jianlin He, Zhuan Hong, Ran Tan
Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs), as a special form of selenium (Se) supplement, have attracted worldwide attention due to their favorable properties and unique bioactivities. Herein, an eco-friendly and economic way to prepare stable SeNPs is introduced. SeNPs were synthesized in aqueous chitosan (CTS) and then embedded into CTS microspheres by spray-drying, forming selenium nanoparticles-loaded chitosan microspheres (SeNPs-M). The physicochemical properties including morphology, elemental state, size distribution and surface potential were investigated...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660360/neuro-and-nephrotoxicity-of-subchronic-cadmium-chloride-exposure-and-the-potential-chemoprotective-effects-of-selenium-nanoparticles
#12
Kadry M Sadek, Mohamed A Lebda, Tarek K Abouzed, Sherif M Nasr, Moustafa Shoukry
Cadmium (Cd) exposure leads to production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are associated with Cd-induced neurotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. Selenium nanoparticles (Se-NPs) have high bioavailability and antioxidant activities so it attracted wide spread attention. The present study examined the possible ameliorative effect of Se-NPs with diameters of 3-5 nm and 10-20 nm against cadmium chloride (CdCl2)-induced neuro- and nephrotoxicity in rats. Rats were treated with Se-NPs (0 or 0.5 mg/kg BW, s.c...
June 28, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646447/microbial-transformations-of-selenite-by-methane-oxidizing-bacteria
#13
Abdurrahman S Eswayah, Thomas J Smith, Andreas C Scheinost, Nicole Hondow, Philip H E Gardiner
Methane-oxidizing bacteria are well known for their role in the global methane cycle and their potential for microbial transformation of wide range of hydrocarbon and chlorinated hydrocarbon pollution. Recently, it has also emerged that methane-oxidizing bacteria interact with inorganic pollutants in the environment. Here, we report what we believe to be the first study of the interaction of pure strains of methane-oxidizing bacteria with selenite. Results indicate that the commonly used laboratory model strains of methane-oxidizing bacteria, Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath) and Methylosinus trichosporium OB3b, are both able to reduce the toxic selenite (SeO3(2-)) but not selenate (SeO4(2-)) to red spherical nanoparticulate elemental selenium (Se(0)), which was characterized via energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS), X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS)...
June 23, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610394/facile-synthesis-and-optical-properties-of-small-selenium-nanocrystals-and-nanorods
#14
Fengrui Jiang, Weiquan Cai, Guolong Tan
Selenium is an important element for human's health, small size is very helpful for Se nanoparticles to be absorbed by human's body. Here, we present a facile approach to fabrication of small selenium nanoparticles (Nano-Se) as well as nanorods by dissolving sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) in glycerin and using glucose as the reduction agent. The as-prepared selenium nanoparticles have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM)...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607388/aerobic-biogenesis-of-selenium-nanoparticles-by-enterobacter-cloacae-z0206-as-a-consequence-of-fumarate-reductase-mediated-selenite-reduction
#15
Deguang Song, Xiaoxiao Li, Yuanzhi Cheng, Xiao Xiao, Zeqing Lu, Yizhen Wang, Fengqin Wang
In the present study, we examined the ability of Enterobacter cloacae Z0206 to reduce toxic sodium selenite and mechanism of this process. E. cloacae Z0206 was found to completely reduce up to 10 mM selenite to elemental selenium (Se°) and form selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) under aerobic conditions. The selenite reducing effector of E. cloacae Z0206 cell was to be a membrane-localized enzyme. iTRAQ proteomic analysis revealed that selenite induced a significant increase in the expression of fumarate reductase...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592284/biogenic-selenium-nanoparticles-induce-ros-mediated-necroptosis-in-pc-3-cancer-cells-through-tnf-activation
#16
Praveen Sonkusre, Swaranjit Singh Cameotra
BACKGROUND: Selenium is well documented to inhibit cancer at higher doses; however, the mechanism behind this inhibition varies widely depending on the cell type and selenium species. Previously, we have demonstrated that Bacillus licheniformis JS2 derived biogenic selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) induce non-apoptotic cell death in prostate adenocarcinoma cell line, PC-3, at a minimal concentration of 2 µg Se/ml, without causing toxicity to the primary cells. However, the mechanism behind its anticancer activity was elusive...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572579/trichogenic-selenium-nanoparticles-enhance-disease-suppressive-ability-of-trichoderma-against-downy-mildew-disease-caused-by-sclerospora-graminicola-in-pearl-millet
#17
Boregowda Nandini, Puttaswamy Hariprasad, Harischandra Sripathy Prakash, Hunthrike Shekar Shetty, Nagaraja Geetha
Trichoderma spp. are well known biocontrol agents used against phytopathogens. In the present work Trichoderma-mediated Selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) were synthesized and extent of downy mildew (DM) disease control in pearl millet (PM) was studied. Six species of Trichoderma namely, T. asperellum, T. harzianum, T. atroviride, T. virens, T. longibrachiatum and T. brevicompactum were evaluated in the form of culture filtrate (CF), cell lysate (CL) and crude cell wall (CW) to synthesize SeNPs. All these components produced SeNPs, but CF was significant than CL and CW...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555093/enhanced-adsorption-of-selenium-ions-from-aqueous-solution-using-iron-oxide-impregnated-carbon-nanotubes
#18
Omer Y Bakather, Ahmad Kayvani Fard, Ihsanullah, Majeda Khraisheh, Mustafa S Nasser, Muataz Ali Atieh
The aim of this research was to investigate the potential of raw and iron oxide impregnated carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as adsorbents for the removal of selenium (Se) ions from wastewater. The original and modified CNTs with different loadings of Fe2O3 nanoparticles were characterized using high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller (BET) surface area analyzer, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), zeta potential, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS)...
2017: Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539272/selenium-nanoparticles-as-versatile-carriers-for-oral-delivery-of-insulin-insight-into-the-synergic-antidiabetic-effect-and-mechanism
#19
Wenji Deng, Qian Xie, Huan Wang, Zhiguo Ma, Baojian Wu, Xingwang Zhang
Oral insulin delivery has been plagued by limited bioavailability. This work reports selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) for oral insulin delivery to overcome the absorption barrier. Insulin-loaded SeNPs (INS-SeNPs) were fabricated by ionic cross-linking/in situ reduction and characterized by particle size and drug entrapment. The resultant INS-SeNPs were 120nm around in particle size with high drug loading. INS-SeNPs exhibited controllable insulin release and outstanding stability in the digestive fluids. INS-SeNPs caused a significant hypoglycemic effect in both normal and diabetic rats...
May 21, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530192/preparation-structural-characterisation-and-release-study-of-novel-hybrid-microspheres-entrapping-nanoselenium-produced-by-green-synthesis
#20
Simona Cavalu, Jόszef Prokisch, Vasile Laslo, Simona Vicas
The main goal of this study was to synthesise and characterise different formulations based on alginate and alginate/chitosan microspheres containing nanoselenium (nano-Se) for controlled delivery applications. Nanosize elemental selenium was produced by using probiotic yogurt bacteria (Lactobacillus casei) in a fermentation procedure. The structural and morphological characterisation of the microspheres was performed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis...
June 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
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