keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neural inflammation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096186/translation-reprogramming-is-an-evolutionarily-conserved-driver-of-phenotypic-plasticity-and-therapeutic-resistance-in-melanoma
#1
Paola Falletta, Luis Sanchez-Del-Campo, Jagat Chauhan, Maike Effern, Amy Kenyon, Christopher J Kershaw, Robert Siddaway, Richard Lisle, Rasmus Freter, Matthew J Daniels, Xin Lu, Thomas Tüting, Mark Middleton, Francesca M Buffa, Anne E Willis, Graham Pavitt, Ze'ev A Ronai, Tatjana Sauka-Spengler, Michael Hölzel, Colin R Goding
The intratumor microenvironment generates phenotypically distinct but interconvertible malignant cell subpopulations that fuel metastatic spread and therapeutic resistance. Whether different microenvironmental cues impose invasive or therapy-resistant phenotypes via a common mechanism is unknown. In melanoma, low expression of the lineage survival oncogene microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) correlates with invasion, senescence, and drug resistance. However, how MITF is suppressed in vivo and how MITF-low cells in tumors escape senescence are poorly understood...
January 17, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092663/neural-regulation-of-immunity-molecular-mechanisms-and-clinical-translation
#2
REVIEW
Valentin A Pavlov, Kevin J Tracey
Studies bridging neuroscience and immunology have identified neural pathways that regulate immunity and inflammation. Recent research using methodological advances in molecular genetics has improved our understanding of the neural control of immunity. Here we outline mechanistic insights, focusing on translational relevance and conceptual developments. We also summarize findings from recent clinical studies of bioelectronic neuromodulation in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.
January 16, 2017: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092376/infectious-immunity-in-the-central-nervous-system-and-brain-function
#3
REVIEW
Robyn S Klein, Charise Garber, Nicole Howard
Inflammation is emerging as a critical mechanism underlying neurological disorders of various etiologies, yet its role in altering brain function as a consequence of neuroinfectious disease remains unclear. Although acute alterations in mental status due to inflammation are a hallmark of central nervous system (CNS) infections with neurotropic pathogens, post-infectious neurologic dysfunction has traditionally been attributed to irreversible damage caused by the pathogens themselves. More recently, studies indicate that pathogen eradication within the CNS may require immune responses that interfere with neural cell function and communication without affecting their survival...
February 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090603/spatial-clockwork-recurrent-neural-network-for-muscle-perimysium-segmentation
#4
Yuanpu Xie, Zizhao Zhang, Manish Sapkota, Lin Yang
Accurate segmentation of perimysium plays an important role in early diagnosis of many muscle diseases because many diseases contain different perimysium inflammation. However, it remains as a challenging task due to the complex appearance of the perymisum morphology and its ambiguity to the background area. The muscle perimysium also exhibits strong structure spanned in the entire tissue, which makes it difficult for current local patch-based methods to capture this long-range context information. In this paper, we propose a novel spatial clockwork recurrent neural network (spatial CW-RNN) to address those issues...
October 2016: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089228/intraplantar-injection-of-sialidase-reduces-mechanical-allodynia-during-inflammatory-pain
#5
Shun Watanabe, Takashi Iwai, Mitsuo Tanabe
Sialic acids are highly charged glycoresidues that are attached to glycoproteins or glycosphingolipids, and they are associated with various biological functions. Gangliosides, sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipids, are abundant in neural tissues and play important roles in the nervous system. Previous studies revealed that peripheral gangliosides are involved in nociceptive behavior and hyperalgesia. These observations prompted us to determine whether the sialic acid-cleaving enzyme sialidase affects pain signaling...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069607/lysophosphatidic-acid-converts-monocytes-into-macrophages-in-both-mice-and-humans
#6
Rashmi Ray, Vivek Rai
Monocytes and macrophages represent critical arms of the innate immune system and are considered regulators and effectors of inflammation and innate immune response. Monocytes can mobilize from bone marrow, traffic to their required destination and differentiate into effector cells depending on the local tissue environment to perform multiple roles during infection or inflammation, making them an important component of body's immune defense. Macrophages have diverse roles in tissue homeostasis, development as well as tissue repair following injury...
January 9, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066829/the-multifaceted-role-of-nrf2-in-mitochondrial-function
#7
REVIEW
Kira M Holmström, Rumen V Kostov, Albena T Dinkova-Kostova
The transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2 p45-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is the master regulator of the cellular redox homeostasis. Nrf2 target genes comprise of a large network of antioxidant enzymes, proteins involved in xenobiotic detoxification, repair and removal of damaged proteins, inhibition of inflammation, as well as other transcription factors. In recent years it has emerged that as part of its role as a regulator of cytoprotective gene expression, Nrf2 impacts mitochondrial function. Increased Nrf2 activity defends against mitochondrial toxins...
December 2016: Curr Opin Toxicol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058465/fish-oil-supplementation-attenuates-neuroinflammation-and-alleviates-depressive-like-behavior-in-rats-submitted-to-repeated-lipopolysaccharide
#8
Ruili Dang, Xueyuan Zhou, Mimi Tang, Pengfei Xu, Xiaoxue Gong, Yuanyuan Liu, Hongxiao Jiao, Pei Jiang
PURPOSE: Depression is frequently associated with inflammation, whereas omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) primarily found in fish oil possess anti-inflammatory properties. Although converging studies suggest an antidepressant effect of PUFAs, there is limited evidence directly linking the neuro-immune modulating features of PUFAs to the antidepressant actions. METHODS: Therefore, we assessed the effects of fish oil (FO) supplementation on behavioral changes, inflammatory cytokine expression and oxidative reactions in frontal cortex and hippocampus of rats following repeated peripheral immune challenge by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 2 weeks (500 μg/kg every other day)...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057892/hypothalamic-and-inflammatory-basis-of-hypertension
#9
REVIEW
Sinan Khor, Dongsheng Cai
Hypertension is a major health problem with great consequences for public health. Despite its role as the primary cause of significant morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease, the pathogenesis of essential hypertension remains largely unknown. The central nervous system (CNS) in general, and the hypothalamus in particular, are intricately involved in the development and maintenance of hypertension. Over the last several decades, the understanding of the brain's role in the development of hypertension has dramatically increased...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056790/immunization-with-neural-derived-peptides-plus-scar-removal-induces-a-permissive-microenvironment-and-improves-locomotor-recovery-after-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Roxana Rodríguez-Barrera, Adrián Flores-Romero, Ana María Fernández-Presas, Elisa García-Vences, Raúl Silva-García, Mina Konigsberg, Liliana Blancas-Espinoza, Vinnitsa Buzoianu-Anguiano, Karla Soria-Zavala, Paola Suárez-Meade, Antonio Ibarra
BACKGROUND: Immunization with neural derived peptides (INDP) as well as scar removal-separately-have shown to induce morphological and functional improvement after spinal cord injury (SCI). In the present study, we compared the effect of INDP alone versus INDP with scar removal on motor recovery, regeneration-associated and cytokine gene expression, and axonal regeneration after chronic SCI. Scar removal was conducted through a single incision with a double-bladed scalpel along the stump, and scar renewal was halted by adding α,α'-dipyridyl...
January 5, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055036/preparation-and-implementation-of-optofluidic-neural-probes-for-in-vivo-wireless-pharmacology-and-optogenetics
#11
Jordan G McCall, Raza Qazi, Gunchul Shin, Shuo Li, Muhammad Hamza Ikram, Kyung-In Jang, Yuhao Liu, Ream Al-Hasani, Michael R Bruchas, Jae-Woong Jeong, John A Rogers
This Protocol Extension describes the fabrication and technical procedures for implementing ultrathin, flexible optofluidic neural probe systems that provide targeted, wireless delivery of fluids and light into the brains of awake, freely behaving animals. As a Protocol Extension article, this article describes an adaptation of an existing Protocol that offers additional applications. This protocol serves as an extension of an existing Nature Protocol describing optoelectronic devices for studying intact neural systems...
February 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035772/deregulated-neddylation-in-liver-fibrosis
#12
Imanol Zubiete-Franco, Pablo Fernández-Tussy, Lucía Barbier-Torres, Jorge Simon, David Fernández-Ramos, Fernando Lopitz-Otsoa, Virginia Gutiérrez-de Juan, Sergio López de Davalillo, Antonio Martín Duce, Paula Iruzubieta, Daniel Taibo, Javier Crespo, Juan Caballeria, Erica Villa, Igor Aurrekoetxea, Patricia Aspichueta, Marta Varela-Rey, Shelly C Lu, José M Mato, Naiara Beraza, Teresa C Delgado, María L Martínez-Chantar
: Hepatic fibrosis is a global health problem currently without effective therapeutic approaches. Even though the ubiquitin-like posttranslational modification of neddylation, that conjugates Nedd8 (neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated) to specific targets, is aberrant in many pathologies, its relevance in liver fibrosis (LF) remained unexplored. Our results show deregulated neddylation in clinical fibrosis and both in mouse bileductligation- and CCl4 -induced fibrosis...
November 7, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035531/neuroimmune-modulation-of-gut-function
#13
Terez Shea-Donohue, Joseph F Urban
Neuroimmune communications are facilitated by the production of neurotransmitters by immune cells and the generation of immune mediators by immune cells, which form a functional entity called the "neuroimmune synapse." There are several mechanisms that further facilitate neuroimmune interactions including the anatomic proximity between immune cells and nerves, the expression of receptors for neurotransmitters on immune cells and for immune mediators on nerves, and the receptor-mediated activation of intracellular signaling pathways that modulate nerve and immune phenotype and function...
December 30, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018290/effects-of-chronic-social-stress-and-maternal-intranasal-oxytocin-and-vasopressin-on-offspring-interferon-%C3%AE-and-behavior
#14
Christopher A Murgatroyd, Alexandria Hicks-Nelson, Alexandria Fink, Gillian Beamer, Kursat Gurel, Fawzy Elnady, Florent Pittet, Benjamin C Nephew
Recent studies support the hypothesis that the adverse effects of early-life adversity and transgenerational stress on neural plasticity and behavior are mediated by inflammation. The objective of the present study was to investigate the immune and behavioral programing effects of intranasal (IN) vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OXT) treatment of chronic social stress (CSS)-exposed F1 dams on F2 juvenile female offspring. It was hypothesized that maternal AVP and OXT treatment would have preventative effects on social stress-induced deficits in offspring anxiety and social behavior and that these effects would be associated with changes in interferon-γ (IFNγ)...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017838/the-embodied-mind-a-review-on-functional-genomic-and-neurological-correlates-of-mind-body-therapies
#15
REVIEW
David Muehsam, Susan Lutgendorf, Paul J Mills, Badri Rickhi, Gaétan Chevalier, Namuun Bat, Deepak Chopra, Blake Gurfein
A broad range of mind-body therapies (MBTs) are used by the public today, and a growing body of clinical and basic sciences research has resulted in evidence-based integration of many MBTs into clinical practice. Basic sciences research has identified some of the physiological correlates of MBT practices, leading to a better understanding of the processes by which emotional, cognitive and psychosocial factors can influence health outcomes and well-being. In particular, results from functional genomics and neuroimaging describe some of the processes involved in the mind-body connection and how these can influence health outcomes...
December 23, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011307/the-olfactory-bulb-as-the-entry-site-for-prion-like-propagation-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#16
Nolwen L Rey, Daniel W Wesson, Patrik Brundin
Olfactory deficits are present in numerous neurodegenerative disorders and are accompanied by pathology in related brain regions. In several of these disorders, olfactory disturbances appear early and are considered as prodromal symptoms of the disease. In addition, pathological protein aggregates affect olfactory regions prior to other regions, suggesting that the olfactory system might be particularly vulnerable to neurodegenerative diseases. Exposed to the external environment, the olfactory epithelium and olfactory bulb allow pathogen and toxin penetration into the brain, a process that has been proposed to play a role in neurodegenerative diseases...
December 20, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009062/cytokine-therapy-mediated-neuroprotection-in-a-friedreich-s-ataxia-mouse-model
#17
Kevin C Kemp, Nadia Cerminara, Kelly Hares, Juliana Redondo, Amelia J Cook, Harry R Haynes, Bronwen R Burton, Mark Pook, Richard Apps, Neil J Scolding, Alastair Wilkins
OBJECTIVES: Friedreich's ataxia is a devastating neurological disease currently lacking any proven treatment. We studied the neuro-protective effects of the cytokines granulocyte-colony stimulating factor and stem cell factor in a humanised murine model of Friedreich's ataxia. METHODS: Mice received monthly subcutaneous infusions of cytokines while also being assessed at monthly time points using an extensive range of behavioural motor performance tests. After 6 months of treatment, neurophysiological evaluation of both sensory and motor nerve conduction was performed...
December 23, 2016: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002383/stress-induced-parasympathetic-control-and-its-association-with-inflammatory-reactivity
#18
Alex Woody, Wilson S Figueroa, Fabian Benencia, Peggy M Zoccola
OBJECTIVES: It has been proposed that the inflammatory cytokine system is regulated through the vagus nerve, where vagal activation inhibits release of inflammatory cytokines and, therefore, inflammation. Thus, loss of vagal activation (i.e., reduced high-frequency heart rate variability [HF-HRV]) should result in greater inflammation. Evidence to date for this relationship has relied on animal models and resting states in humans. The present study used a psychosocial stressor to test whether stress-induced decreases in HF-HRV predict increases in circulating inflammatory markers...
December 20, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995392/abnormal-barrier-function-in-gastrointestinal-disorders
#19
Ricard Farré, María Vicario
There is increasing concern in identifying the mechanisms underlying the intimate control of the intestinal barrier, as deregulation of its function is strongly associated with digestive (organic and functional) and a number of non-digestive (schizophrenia, diabetes, sepsis, among others) disorders. The intestinal barrier is a complex and effective defensive functional system that operates to limit luminal antigen access to the internal milieu while maintaining nutrient and electrolyte absorption. Intestinal permeability to substances is mainly determined by the physicochemical properties of the barrier, with the epithelium, mucosal immunity, and neural activity playing a major role...
December 20, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993602/the-neurological-effects-of-ghrelin-in-brain-diseases-beyond-metabolic-functions
#20
REVIEW
Qian Jiao, Xixun Du, Yong Li, Bing Gong, Limin Shi, Tingting Tang, Hong Jiang
Ghrelin, a peptide released by the stomach that plays a major role in regulating energy metabolism, has recently been shown to have effects on neurobiological behaviors. Ghrelin enhances neuronal survival by reducing apoptosis, alleviating inflammation and oxidative stress, and accordingly improving mitochondrial function. Ghrelin also stimulates the proliferation, differentiation and migration of neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs). Additionally, the ghrelin is benefit for the recovery of memory, mood and cognitive dysfunction after stroke or traumatic brain injury...
December 16, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
keyword
keyword
60770
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"