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Postoperative pulmonary complications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332106/single-center-experience-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-combined-lung-echinococcosis
#1
Shirtaev Bakhytzhan, Sundetov Mukhtar, Kassenbayev Ruslan, Voronin Denis, Ismailova Gulziya
OBJECTIVES: To compare results of surgical treatment and complications of patients with unilateral or bilateral thoracic and combined pulmonary echinococcosis. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis of a prospective study was conducted in the Department of Thoracic and Pediatric Surgery, Scientific Center of Surgery, Almaty, Kazakhstan among 598 patients with pulmonary echinococcosis, who had surgical treatment with various surgical methods, depending on the prevalence of echinococcosis, as follows: right lung in 357 (59...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328749/thromboembolic-diseases-and-the-use-of-vena-cava-filters
#2
Samanthi De Silva
Mr GW is a 77-year-old gentleman who is hoping to have a total knee replacement of his left knee. He underwent a knee replacement on the right in 2011 under spinal anaesthetic, where his postoperative period was complicated by a saddle pulmonary embolus (PE).
April 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327964/endoscopic-removal-of-gastrointestinal-foreign-bodies-in-two-african-grey-parrots-psittacus-erithacus-and-a-hyacinth-macaw-anodorhynchus-hyacinthinus
#3
Robert J Cotton, Stephen J Divers
Two African grey parrots ( Psittacus erithacus) and one hyacinth macaw ( Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) were examined because of varying clinical signs ranging from general lethargy to seizure-like episodes and regurgitation. Radiography and fluoroscopy in the 3 birds demonstrated variable degrees of gastric abnormalities, suggesting the presence of foreign material or stricture-like defects. Upper gastrointestinal rigid endoscopy by ingluviotomy revealed foreign bodies that were removed endoscopically. Minor postoperative complications were pulmonary congestion or mild aspiration and cardiac arrhythmia, both of which resolved, and no serious deleterious effects were associated with endoscopy in the short or long term...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321405/reversible-parkinsonism-and-multiple-cerebral-infarctions-after-pulmonary-endarterectomy-in-a-patient-with-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#4
Mitsumasa Okano, Kazuhiko Nakayama, Naoki Tamada, Yuto Shinkura, Ken-Ichi Yanaka, Hiroyuki Onishi, Hidekazu Tanaka, Toshiro Shinke, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yutaka Okita, Noriaki Emoto, Ken-Ichi Hirata
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a cause of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and it is associated with an increased risk of postoperative neurological complications. We experienced a case of reversible parkinsonism after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) and subsequent multiple cerebral infarctions under standard anticoagulation therapy in a patient with CTEPH associated with APS. Strict management using a combination of antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy should be considered in patients with a high titer of triple antiphospholipid antibodies in the perioperative period...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320796/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-acute-pulmonary-embolism-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-surgery
#5
Yu-Ping Li, Lei Shen, Wei Huang, Xue-Fei Hu, Dong Xie, Jian Yang, Xiao Song, Yan-Feng Zhao, Chao-Jie Zhou, Ge-Ning Jiang
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the serious complications with high mortality after thoracic surgery. The authors aimed to determine the prevalence of PE events and evaluate additional risk factors for PE in patients with lung cancer surgery. Patients underwent lung cancer resections during January 2012 to July 2015 and had 30-day postoperative follow-up were included. Those with incomplete or miscoded data were excluded. The number of postoperative PE events was recorded retrospectively. Analyses were used to evaluate risk factors of PE during the hospitalization...
January 10, 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319014/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy-the-first-indian-report
#6
Arvind Kumar, Belal Bin Asaf, Harsh Vardhan Puri, Manish Kumar Sharma, Vijay C Lingaraju, Vimesh S Rajput
INTRODUCTION: The fear of pleural adhesions and densely stuck lymph nodes in India, a country where tuberculosis is endemic, is one major factor keeping our surgeons away from video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy. In this paper, we aim to report our experience with performing VATS lobectomy in 102 cases using a standardised three-port anterior approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2012 and September 2016, we performed 102 VATS lobectomies...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318787/primary-mediastinal-yolk-sac-tumor-treated-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-and-extended-resection-report-of-seven-cases
#7
Bing Liu, Gang Lin, Jingwei Liu, Haibo Liu, Xueqian Shang, Jian Li
BACKGROUND: Primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor, which is also known as endodermal sinus tumor, is a rare but lethal neoplasm, and it is a kind of mediastinal non-seminomatous germ cell tumor. The current standard treatment in mediastinal non-seminomatous germ cell tumors is chemotherapy combined with postchemotherapy residual mass resection. We report on seven cases of primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor treated with platinum-based chemotherapy and extended resection. METHODS: We experienced seven cases of primary mediastinal yolk sac tumor between August 2014 and August 2017...
January 10, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316890/risk-factors-of-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-in-patients-with-asthma-and-copd
#8
Takanori Numata, Katsutoshi Nakayama, Satoko Fujii, Yoko Yumino, Nayuta Saito, Masahiro Yoshida, Yusuke Kurita, Kenji Kobayashi, Saburo Ito, Hirofumi Utsumi, Haruhiko Yanagisawa, Mitsuo Hashimoto, Hiroshi Wakui, Shunsuke Minagawa, Takeo Ishikawa, Hiromichi Hara, Jun Araya, Yumi Kaneko, Kazuyoshi Kuwano
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) in patients with pulmonary diseases remain to be resolved clinical issue. However, most evidence regarding PPC has been established more than 10 years ago. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate perioperative management using new inhalant drugs in patients with obstructive pulmonary diseases. METHODS: April 2014 through March 2015, 346 adult patients with pulmonary diseases (257 asthma, 89 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)) underwent non-pulmonary surgery except cataract surgery in our university hospital...
January 9, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316474/spinal-versus-general-anesthesia-for-lumbar-spine-surgery-in-high-risk-patients-perioperative-hemodynamic-stability-complications-and-costs
#9
Michael Finsterwald, Marco Muster, Mazda Farshad, Andrea Saporito, Muriel Brada, José A Aguirre
OBJECTIVE: More stable perioperative hemodynamic conditions, lower costs and a lower perioperative complication rate were reported in young healthy patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery in spinal anesthesia (SA) compared to general anesthesia (GA). However, the benefits of SA in high risk patients (ASA≥II suffering from cardiovascular and/or pulmonary pathologies) undergoing this surgery are unclear. Our objective was to analyze whether SA leads to an improved perioperative hemodynamic stability and to a more cost-effective management compared to GA in high risk patients undergoing this surgery...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313906/respiratory-complications-of-anaesthesia
#10
REVIEW
G H Mills
Postoperative pulmonary complications are a major determinant of outcome for patients and consume huge resources within hospital, particularly in critical care. Prediction and anticipation of postoperative pulmonary complications are vital for patient selection and, in some cases, for informed patient consent. Being able to assess the likelihood of postoperative pulmonary complications also allows research into methods to reduce them by allowing allocation of patients to the appropriate arms of research trials...
January 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312751/chest-drainage-systems-and-management-of-air-leaks-after-a-pulmonary-resection
#11
REVIEW
Kristina Baringer, Steve Talbert
Air leaks after a pulmonary resection continue to be the most common postoperative complication. The presence of an air leak occurs in approximately 30-50% of patients immediately after surgery. Prolonged air leaks (PALs) predict an increased hospital length of stay, additional chest tube days and increased pain. The two types of systems used after surgery are digital and traditional chest drainage devices. Eighteen articles from four databases were evaluated for this analysis in chest drainage systems and managing air leaks after thoracic surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312742/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-lung-cancer-patients-with-combined-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-emphysema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-13-studies
#12
Chuan Li, Wenwen Wu, Nan Chen, Huizi Song, Tianjian Lu, Zhenyu Yang, Zihuai Wang, Jian Zhou, Lunxu Liu
Background: The characteristic and outcomes of lung cancer patients with combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) have long been assessed, but results were controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to assess the clinical features and prognosis of lung cancer patients with CPFE. Methods: The databases PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science (updated to October 1, 2017) were searched for eligible studies. Pooled odds ratios (ORs), weighted mean differences (WMD) or hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics, the short-term outcome after operation and long-term survival of lung cancer patients with CPFE compared with lung cancer patients without CPFE (fibrosis, emphysema, and normal)...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312728/feasibility-and-outcomes-of-modified-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-nursing-management-of-aged-patients-undergoing-esophagectomy
#13
Wei Li, Bin Zheng, Shuliang Zhang, Hao Chen, Wei Zheng, Chun Chen
Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether a modified enhanced recovery after surgery (mERAS) protocol has a positive effect on the recovery of aged patients with esophageal cancer undergoing esophagectomy. Methods: Consecutive patients were selected between January 2015 and June 2016 and were randomly assigned to a control group (traditional nursing care) or an observation group (mERAS protocol). We analyzed the outcomes of the patients, including surgical outcomes, postoperative complications, mental health status, and quality of life (QOL)...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312721/retrospective-review-of-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pulmonary-sequestration-in-28-patients-surgery-or-endovascular-techniques
#14
Shi-Xin Zhang, Hai-Dong Wang, Kang Yang, Wei Cheng, Wei Wu
Background: Pulmonary sequestration (PS) is a rare congenital pulmonary malformation. In this study, we aimed to retrospect and evaluate the diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of PS in 28 patients at our institute. Methods: The files of 28 patients with PS who were treated with surgery (21 cases) or endovascular intervention (7 cases) between May 2005 and June 2016 from a single institute were retrospectively reviewed. The following data of all patients were analyzed: age, sex, clinical symptoms, diagnostic methods, operative techniques, and treatment outcomes...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312720/the-long-term-impact-of-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-after-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-lobectomy-for-lung-cancer
#15
Shaodong Wang, Xiao Li, Yun Li, Jianfeng Li, Guanchao Jiang, Jun Liu, Jun Wang
Background: Pulmonary complications (PCs) may influence long-term survivor. We sought to determine the long-term impacts of major pulmonary complications (MPCs) and identify the independent risk factors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the PCs of 828 NSCLC patients who underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy in Peking University Hospital, the complications were graded according to TMM classification...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302639/minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-via-sweet-approach-in-combination-with-cervical-mediastinoscopy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-case-series
#16
Wenxiang Wang, Baihua Zhang, Xu Li, Jie Wu, Zhining Wu, Yan Ding, Desong Yang, Jinming Tang, Min Su, Junliang Ma, Xianman You, Jianping Liang, Yong Zhou
Objective: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is increasingly used for the treatment of esophageal cancer. However, MIE via the Sweet approach has seldom been reported owing to the challenging procedure for a mediastinal lymph node. Thus, the approach of MIE via left-sided thoracoscopy coupled with video-assisted cervical mediastinoscopy (MIE-SM) was explored for eradicating the mediastinal lymph nodes and recurrent laryngeal nerve; the incidence of perioperative complications, mortality, and surgical radicality were analyzed...
December 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300906/postoperative-left-ventricular-function-in-different-types-of-pulmonary-hypertension-a-comparative-study
#17
Tom Verbelen, Alexander Van De Bruaene, Bjorn Cools, Dirk Van Raemdonck, Marion Delcroix, Filip Rega, Bart Meyns
OBJECTIVES: Left ventricular dysfunction after pulmonary endarterectomy is well described. Left ventricular failure has only been described after lung transplantation for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We sought to identify factors that contribute to this failure and hypothesized that atrial septostomy before transplantation could prevent this complication. METHODS: From our database, all bilateral lung transplants for PAH (n = 24) and all pulmonary endarterectomies, with a minimal reduction of 800 dyn⋅s⋅cm-5 (n = 27), were selected...
January 2, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300271/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-adults-peri-operative-considerations-a-narrative-review
#18
Martin Roesslein, Frances Chung
: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common breathing disorder of sleep with a prevalence increasing in parallel with the worldwide rise in obesity. Alterations in sleep duration and architecture, hypersomnolence, abnormal gas exchange and also associated comorbidities may all feature in affected patients.The peri-operative period poses a special challenge for surgical patients with OSA who are often undiagnosed, and are at an increased risk for complications including pulmonary and cardiovascular, during that time...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299477/novel-venous-thromboembolic-disease-vted-prophylaxis-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-aspirin-and-fish-oil
#19
Peter M Bonutti, Nipun Sodhi, Yatindra H Patel, Assem A Sultan, Anton Khlopas, Morad Chughtai, Frank R Kolisek, Nick Williams, Michael A Mont
Background: Despite the demonstrated success of multiple anticoagulation therapies for post-operative prophylaxis of thromboembolic disease in lower extremity arthroplasties, each modality comes with a unique set of limitations. Thus, the ideal anticoagulation medication which provides adequate therapy with minimal cost, complications, or added patient work is yet to be defined. One promising novel thrombophylactic supplement is fish oil, as many preliminary clinical trials have demonstrated a protective effect of fish oil against thrombosis in multiple clinical settings...
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297974/three-dimensional-3d-computed-tomography-bronchography-and-angiography-combined-with-3d-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-versus-conventional-2d-vats-anatomic-pulmonary-segmentectomy-for-the-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#20
Xiao-Wei She, Yun-Bin Gu, Chun Xu, Chang Li, Cheng Ding, Jun Chen, Jun Zhao
BACKGROUND: Compared to the pulmonary lobe, the anatomical structure of the pulmonary segment is relatively complex and prone to variation, thus the risk and difficulty of segmentectomy is increased. We compared three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography (3D-CTBA) combined with 3D video-assisted thoracic surgery (3D-VATS) to perform segmentectomy to conventional two-dimensional (2D)-VATS for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of randomly selected patients who underwent 3D-CTBA combined with 3D-VATS (3D-CTBA-VATS) or 2D-VATS at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University Hospital, from January 2014 to May 2017...
January 3, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
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