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Urologic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521832/recurrent-symphysitis-culminating-in-pelvic-ring-fracture-after-hyperextended-transurethral-prostate-resection-and-vaporization-with-symphysis-erosion-a-case-report
#1
Holger Gerullis, Arne Eitzen, Jens Uphoff, Fadi Daaboul, Ajay Chavan, Leander Ermert, Friedhelm Wawroschek, Alexander Winter
BACKGROUND: Short-term and long-term complications of transurethral prostate resection can be different in nature. Capsule perforation and subsequent fistulation after resection and electrovaporization is seldom reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report the case of a 79-year-old caucasian man with capsule perforation after transurethral prostate resection and electrovaporization resulting in a severe and recurrent symphysitis and subsequent pelvic ring fracture...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516158/a-management-algorithm-for-mitomycin-c-induced-cystitis
#2
Amy N Luckenbaugh, Rory M Marks, David C Miller, Alon Z Weizer, John T Stoffel, Jeffrey S Montgomery
Background/Objective: A post-bladder tumor resection dose of MMC can reduce non-invasive papillary (pTa) bladder cancer recurrences by up to 40%; this treatment is recommended in both the AUA and EUA non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer guidelines. A common complication of this treatment is eosinophilic cystitis. Symptoms range from mild urinary frequency and urgency to debilitating pain and dysuria. Currently, there is no established treatment algorithm for MMC-induced cystitis. Methods: Members of the Urologic Surgery Quality Collaborative (USQC), a group composed of over 160 private and academic urologists, met to discuss the management of patients with cystitis following MMC therapy...
April 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513524/ureterolithiasis-management-in-an-environment-with-limited-facilities
#3
C A Odoemene, Pcn Okere, M C Ugonabo
BACKGROUND: In the past 2-3 decades, there has been a dramatic development in the techniques of stone removal. This study highlights the management of symptomatic ureteral stones in an environment without such facilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients, comprising 53 (76.8%) males and 16 (23.2%) females, diagnosed of symptomatic ureteric calculi within the study period in two tertiary health institutions were included in the study. Thorough history taking and physical examinations were performed...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511233/-diagnostic-imaging-in-cases-of-acute-scrotum
#4
Natalie Ring, Gundula Staatz
Acute scrotum is one of the most common urologic emergencies in children and adolescents. This condition involves acute testicular pain, which is often accompanied by scrotal swelling and erythema. It is most important to distinguish between cases that require immediate surgery and those that can be treated conservatively. As patient history and physical findings may not always be unequivocal, ultrasound with Colour-Coded Doppler Sonography is the imaging modality of choice for further evaluation. Testicular torsion and other differential diagnoses such as epididymitis, appendiceal torsion, intratesticular haematoma after trauma, or complicated inguinal hernia have to be considered...
May 16, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511205/-stability-and-change-of-medical-specialty-of-residents-over-four-years-of-postgraduate-training-in-germany
#5
Hendrik van den Bussche, Stine Ziegler, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer
Aim We analyzed medical residents' preferences in Germany with regard to the specialization fields after 4 years of postgraduate training and compared them to their preferences in the years before, e. g. at the end of undergraduate education in a gender comparative perspective, including the influence of parenthood. Methods The study is based on annual postal surveys of students of 7 medical faculties in Germany from their last year of medical school ("Practical Year") until after 4 years of postgraduate training...
May 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510805/interventional-radiology-in-iatrogenic-ureteral-leaks-case-series-and-literature-review
#6
Claudia Trombatore, Giuseppe Giordano, Vincenzo Magnano San Lio
Iatrogenic ureteral injuries are a dramatic complication in medical practice. Nowadays there are no universal guidelines for their management. The aim of our study was to evaluate the feasibility of the percutaneous treatment in restoring ureteral integrity in 19 patients that came to our attention. In each case retrograde stenting failed and patients were candidates for re-surgery. Our strategy consists of two phases. The first step is the nephrostomy that allows an external urinary diversion putting dry the damaged ureteral segment...
May 16, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506855/rates-and-risk-factors-for-opioid-dependence-and-overdose-after-urologic-surgery
#7
Arpeet S Shah, Robert H Blackwell, Paul C Kuo, Gopal N Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Effective pain management is a critical component of the perioperative process, with opioids representing a mainstay of therapy. The opioid epidemic is a growing concern in the United States. The goal of this study was to quantify the risk of opioid dependence or overdose (ODO) among patients undergoing urologic surgery and to identify risk factors of ODO. METHODS: A retrospective review of urologic surgery from 2007-2011. Data sources included the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Inpatient, Ambulatory Surgery, and Emergency Department datasets...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506597/a-practice-pattern-assessment-of-members-of-the-society-of-pediatric-urology-for-evaluation-and-treatment-of-urinary-tract-dilation
#8
Jessica N Jackson, Rebecca S Zee, Allison N Martin, Sean T Corbett, C D Anthony Herndon
INTRODUCTION: Over the last decade the literature, including a multidisciplinary consensus statement, has supported a paradigm shift in management of urinary tract dilation, yet the impact on practice patterns has not been well documented. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to elucidate specific practice patterns for treatment of prenatal unilateral urinary tract dilation and to assess surgical intervention patterns for ureteropelvic junction obstruction. STUDY DESIGN: An online survey was distributed to 234 pediatric urologists through the Society of Pediatric Urology...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505037/getting-ready-for-the-first-robotic-prostatectomy-from-basics-to-real-practice
#9
Christian Wagner, Victor Srougi, Rafael Sanchez-Salas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has been embraced by urologists and has become a treatment standard in many countries already. Learning how to perform a RARP is challenging and has not yet been standardized. The current review summarizes the latest concepts regarding the most effective way of training for RARP. RECENT FINDINGS: The strategy to learn RARP should comprise didactic activities, skills lab training, participating in surgeries and mentorship...
May 12, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503234/error-reporting-from-the-da-vinci-surgical-system-in-robotic-surgery-a-canadian-multispecialty-experience-at-a-single-academic-centre
#10
Emad Rajih, Côme Tholomier, Beatrice Cormier, Vanessa Samouëlian, Thomas Warkus, Moishe Liberman, Hugues Widmer, Jean-Baptiste Lattouf, Abdullah M Alenizi, Malek Meskawi, Roger Valdivieso, Pierre-Alain Hueber, Pierre I Karakewicz, Assaad El-Hakim, Kevin C Zorn
INTRODUCTION: The goal of the study is to evaluate and report on the third-generation da Vinci surgical (Si) system malfunctions. METHODS: A total of 1228 robotic surgeries were performed between January 2012 and December 2015 at our academic centre. All cases were performed by using a single, dual console, four-arm, da Vinci Si robot system. The three specialties included urology, gynecology, and thoracic surgery. Studied outcomes included the robotic surgical error types, immediate consequences, and operative side effects...
May 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499759/trends-in-operating-room-assistance-for-major-urologic-surgical-procedures-an-increasing-role-for-advanced-practice-providers
#11
Amanda R Swanton, Ahmad N Alzubaidi, Yu Han, Kenneth G Nepple, Bradley A Erickson
OBJECTIVE: To characterize changes in surgical assistance patterns over time for commonly performed urologic operations. METHODS: This study used the Medicare Physician/Supplier Procedure Summary Master File to identify cases performed by urologists from 2003-2014. CPT modifiers were used to identify operations assisted by second surgeons and advanced practice providers (APPs). Rates were reported annually for six common urologic operations and average annual rates of change were determined using least squares regression and tested using t-tests (α=0...
May 9, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499617/community-based-outcomes-of-open-versus-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#12
Annika Herlemann, Janet E Cowan, Peter R Carroll, Matthew R Cooperberg
BACKGROUND: Identifying the optimal surgical approach for patients with localized prostate cancer (PCa) managed in the community setting remains controversial due to the lack of robust, prospective data. OBJECTIVE: To assess surgical outcomes and changes in urinary and sexual quality of life (QOL) over time in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Our study included patients enrolled in Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor (CaPSURE), a large, prospective, mostly community-based, nationwide PCa registry, who underwent RP between 2004 and 2016...
May 9, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497404/sexual-dysfunction-following-rectal-cancer-surgery
#13
REVIEW
V Celentano, R Cohen, J Warusavitarne, O Faiz, M Chand
INTRODUCTION: Sexual and urological problems after surgery for rectal cancer are common, multifactorial, inadequately discussed, and untreated. The urogenital function is dependent on dual autonomic sympathetic and parasympathetic innervation, and four key danger zones exist that are at risk for nerve damage during colorectal surgery: one of these sites is in the abdomen and three are in the pelvis. The aim of this study is to systematically review the epidemiology of sexual dysfunction following rectal cancer surgery, to describe the anatomical basis of autonomic nerve-preserving techniques, and to explore the scientific evidence available to support the laparoscopic or robotic approach over open surgery...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497181/new-directions-in-fetal-surgery-for-myelomeningocele
#14
Sandra K Kabagambe, Y Julia Chen, Melissa A Vanover, Payam Saadai, Diana L Farmer
The treatment of children with myelomeningocele (MMC) has improved over time, from supportive management to early postnatal closure to prenatal repair of the defect. The Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) showed that prenatal repair of MMC resulted in improved neurological outcomes compared to postnatal closure. Follow-up studies showed that prenatal repair was, as with any other fetal intervention, associated with higher rates of obstetrical complications. There was no significant difference in urological outcomes...
May 11, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494878/factors-influencing-postoperative-pain-following-discharge-in-pediatric-ambulatory-surgery-patients
#15
Yi Cai, Lindsay Lopata, Arthur Roh, Mary Huang, Matthew A Monteleone, Shuang Wang, Lena S Sun
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic, intraoperative, and parental factors that influence the postoperative pain experience in ambulatory surgery pediatric patients. We also monitored postoperative maladaptive behavior changes (PMBCs) to investigate the relationship between pain and PMBCs. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Discharge period after ambulatory surgery. PATIENTS: 204 patients ages 1-6years undergoing ambulatory orthopedic, urology, general surgery, and otolaryngology surgical procedures who were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492293/european-association-of-urology-32nd-annual-congress-march-24-28-2017-london-uk
#16
R Sharman
The European Association of Urology (EAU) Congress is Europe's biggest urological event and this year's meeting, in London, UK, brought together more than 13,000 participants from over 100 countries to discuss the latest research in this field. With 5 days' worth of lectures, debates, learning courses, presentations and live surgeries the congress provided plenty of opportunity to learn from the 1,400 experts presenting, as well as to network with international peers.
April 2017: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491223/-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-about-5-cases
#17
Hicham El Bote, Abelilah El Alaoui, Ziouani Oussama, Hachem El Sayegh, Ali Iken, Lounis Benslimane, Yassine Nouini
Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder is a rare histological entity, characterized by the ability to metastasize quickly and associated with a poor prognosis. The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical, histological, therapeutic and prognostic characteristics of neuroendocrine carcinoma of the bladder. We conducted a retrospective study collecting data from the medical records of 5 patients in the Department of Urology, at the Ibn Sina University Hospital during the period between January 2008 and June 2015...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491176/nontraumatic-urinary-bladder-rupture-presenting-as-renal-pseudo-failure-and-ascites
#18
Andrew Mark, Moshe Meister, Benjamin Opara, Robert Chow
A 24-year-old man, with past medical history significant only for nocturnal enuresis until the age of 12 years, presented to the emergency department with acute abdominal pain after an episode of difficulty with micturition in the middle of the night. On presentation, physical examination was suggestive of ascites and laboratories revealed an elevated serum creatinine of 1.88 mg/dL. He was subsequently found to have a ruptured bladder, without any inciting trauma, which required surgical repair. His only surgical history is an unknown, apparently urologic, surgery when he was 11-12 years old...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488170/prognostic-role-of-bap1-in-pt1-clear-cell-carcinoma-in-partial-nephrectomy-specimens
#19
Daniele Minardi, Guendalina Lucarini, Giulio Milanese, Rodolfo Montironi, Roberto Di Primio
BAP1 is a gene situated on chromosome 3p in a region that can be modified in renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). Mutations that cause loss of expression of BAP1 frequently occur in primary clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC). In a previous work, we observed that loss of nuclear BAP1 expression was crucial in ccRCC progression; in the current study, we investigated BAP1 expression in a large series of small conventional ccRCCs treated with partial nephrectomy, to assess a possible role as biomarker and the prognostic value in terms of patients' survival at long-term follow-up...
May 9, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483033/process-to-establish-11-primary-contact-allied-health-pathways-in-a-public-health-service
#20
Michelle Stute, Nicole Moretto, Maree Raymer, Merrilyn Banks, Peter Buttrum, Sonia Sam, Marita Bhagwat, Tracy Comans
Objective Faced with longstanding and increasing demand for specialist out-patient appointments that was unable to be met through usual medical consultant led care, Metro North Hospital and Health Service in 2014-15 established 11 allied health primary contact out-patient models of care.Methods The models involved six different allied health professions and nine specialist out-patient departments.Results All the allied health models have been endorsed for continuation following demonstration of their contribution to managing demand on specialist out-patient services...
May 9, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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