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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636061/impact-of-femoral-varus-on-complications-and-outcome-associated-with-corrective-surgery-for-medial-patellar-luxation
#1
Karen L Perry, Robert J Adams, Shane J Andrews, Charlie Tewson, Mieghan Bruce
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association of femoral varus with postoperative complications and outcome following standard corrective surgery for medial patellar luxation (MPL) without distal femoral osteotomy (DFO) in dogs. METHODS: In a retrospective study spanning a 12 year period, 87 stifles with MPL that were treated by standard surgical techniques were included. Inclination angle (ICA), femoral varus angle (FVA), anatomical lateral distal femoral angle (aLDFA), and mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA) were measured...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636056/comparison-of-complications-following-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-and-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-in-very-large-and-giant-dogs-50-kg-or-more-in-body-weight
#2
Eric C Hans, Matthew D Barnhart, Shawn C Kennedy, Steven J Naber
OBJECTIVES: To analyse and compare major complications in dogs ≥50 kg undergoing tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) or tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) for treatment of cranial cruciate ligament disease. METHODS: Medical records and radiographs of client-owned dogs (≥50 kg) treated for cranial cruciate ligament disease with either TTA or TPLO between January 2011 and November 2015 were reviewed. Ninety-one TTA cases and 54 TPLO cases met the study inclusion criteria...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635567/management-of-neobladder-complications-endoscopy-comes-first
#3
Ahmed M Moeen, Ahmed S Safwat, Ahmad A Elderwy, Hosny M Behnsawy, Mahmoud M Osman, Diaa A Hameed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the functional outcome after endoscopic management of neobladder complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Out of 197 patients who underwent radical cystectomy and orthotopic ileal neobladder reconstruction between 2007 and 2013, 30 patients with delayed postoperative complications were enrolled in this study. Complications were in the form of: eight patients with outflow obstruction, 12 with ureteroenteric stricture, nine with neobladder calculi and one with an isolated recurrent papillary tumor inside the neobladder...
February 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635566/stone-size-is-a-predictor-for-residual-stone-and-multiple-procedures-of-endoscopic-combined-intrarenal-surgery
#4
Shimpei Yamashita, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Akinori Iba, Kazuro Kikkawa, Isao Hara
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of treatment results after endoscopic combined intrarenal surgery (ECIRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 75 patients with renal stones who underwent ECIRS and a preoperative non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) examination. The stone-free rate (SFR), number of primary procedures and perioperative complications were investigated, and the predictors contributing to these three outcomes were analyzed...
February 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635564/arthroscopic-fixation-of-acute-acromioclavicular-joint-disruption-with-tightrope%C3%A2-outcome-and-complications-after-minimum-2-2-5-years-follow-up
#5
Li-Feng Zhang, Bo Yin, Su Hou, Bing Han, De-Fa Huang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the midterm results of arthroscopic reconstruction of acute acromioclavicular (AC) joint disruption using TightRope™ system. METHODS AND MATERIAL: We retrospectively assess the results of 24 patients of acute AC joint dislocation who were operated using TightRope system. Constant and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) scores and coracoclavicular distance were calculated pre- and postoperatively. Data was entered into MS excel and analyzed using the SPSS version 17...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635513/evaluation-of-platelet-indices-and-red-cell-distribution-width-as-new-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-appendicitis
#6
Noha Boshnak, Mohamed Boshnaq, Hatem Elgohary
BACKGROUND: Debate around the value of laboratory tests in establishing the diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA) still continues. This prospective study aimed to investigate the changes in mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), and red cell distribution width (RDW) with the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. METHOD: 200 patients who underwent emergency appendectomy were included. According to postoperative histology, patients were divided into three groups: acute non-complicated, acute complicated appendicitis (positive appendicectomy groups), and negative appendectomy group...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635369/comparison-of-knotless-barbed-suture-versus-monofilament-suture-in-the-oral-cavity-of-cats
#7
Corinne L Durand
The present study compares a knotless, barbed, absorbable suture material against a conventional monofilament absorbable suture material in oral mucosal wound closure. The parameters measured include time of closure and differences in healing at 2 and 4 weeks postoperatively. A prospective study comparing a knotless, barbed suture system with conventional absorbable sutures was undertaken in 19 cats. Nineteen cats had full mouth extractions performed. Following the extraction procedures, the incisions in the arcades (maxillary and mandibular) were apposed with the barbed, knotless suture system in a continuous pattern on one side and with a conventional smooth suture in an interrupted pattern on the other...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634783/the-treatment-for-the-first-branchial-cleft-anomalies-in-children
#8
Wei Liu, Min Chen, Jinsheng Hao, Yang Yang, Jie Zhang, Xin Ni
The objective of this study is to make a clinical analysis for first branchial cleft anomalies (FBCAs), especially introduce the relationship between the Type I/II FBCA with the facial nerve and to demonstrate the importance of using intraoperative microscope and facial nerve monitoring. This is a retrospective review of patients with FBCAs treated in Beijing Children's Hospital, from Jan 2013 to Dec 2015. Clinical data of patients, including sex, age, chief complains, history of surgery, incision and drainage, the relationship with the facial nerve, pre and post-operative facial paralysis, recurrent rate and complications were recorded...
June 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634720/the-financial-impact-and-drivers-of-hospital-charges-in-contralateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-and-reconstruction-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-hospital-analysis
#9
Alexandra Bucknor, Anmol Chattha, Klaas Ultee, Winona Wu, Parisa Kamali, Patrick Bletsis, Austin Chen, Bernard T Lee, Claire Cronin, Samuel J Lin
PURPOSE: Rates of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) have increased over the last decade; it is important for surgeons and hospital systems to understand the economic drivers of increased costs in these patients. This study aims to identify factors affecting charges in those undergoing CPM and reconstruction. METHODS: Analysis of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample was undertaken (2009-2012), identifying women aged ≥18 with unilateral breast cancer undergoing unilateral mastectomy with CPM and immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) (CPM group), in addition to unilateral mastectomy and IBR alone (UM group)...
June 20, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634703/isoperistaltic-versus-antiperistaltic-side-to-side-anastomosis-after-right-laparoscopic-hemicolectomy-for-cancer-isovanti-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#10
N Ibañez, J Abrisqueta, J Luján, Q Hernández, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: It is believed that loosing ileocecal valve is well tolerated in patients who do not have short bowel syndrome or Crohn disease. From the hypothesis of colonic peristalsis and transit is regulated by that ileocecal valvular mechanism, we try to find out if the creation of a new pseudo-valvular mechanism as antiperistaltic anastomosis could be considered after right hemicolectomy can cause any short- or long-term changes in gastrointestinal habits. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study at primary endpoint is to compare early (occurring within 30 days of surgery) and late (occurring during the follow-up) postoperative complications between both groups The purpose of the study at secondary endpoint is to compare intraoperative and postoperative events between experimental and control groups in terms of operating time, first oral tolerance day, first flatus and faeces, length of hospital stay and orocecal transit; comparing rates of gastrointestinal life quality and comparing mortality rates between both groups...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634562/a-simple-bone-cyst-in-cervical-vertebrae-of-an-adolescent-patient
#11
Adriana Bruges Boude, Lina González Vásquez, Fernando Alvarado-Gomez, María Constanza Bedoya, Andrés Rodríguez-Múnera, Luis Carlos Morales-Saenz
INTRODUCTION: Spinal simple bone cysts, also known as solitary cysts, are extremely unusual benign primary bone tumors with few cases reported in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: Incidental Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) finding of a C2 Simple bone cyst in a 13-year-old female patient is reported. Complementary studies suggested the benign nature of the lesion. Patient underwent cervical curettage followed by tumor excision. A lateral submandibular approach to the upper cervical spine was used and careful bone resection was possible with a radiofrequency assisted burr and no instrumentation or fixation was required...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634544/efficacy-of-subconjunctival-bevacizumab-injections-before-and-after-surgical-excision-in-preventing-pterygium-recurrence
#12
Raffaele Nuzzi, Federico Tridico
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of subconjunctival bevacizumab injections, before and after surgical excision with bare sclera technique, in preventing postoperative pterygium recurrence. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 83 eyes of 83 patients affected with primary pterygia underwent surgical excision. 42 eyes received two subconjunctival bevacizumab injections, at the dosage of 2.5 mg/0.1 ml, one week prior surgery and one week after intervention. Recurrence rate was evaluated among the two groups...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634315/-a-case-of-metastatic-brain-tumor-complicated-by-multiple-repeated-hemorrhages
#13
Kentaro Hayashi, Yukishige Hayashi, Yoshitaka Matsuo, Kiyoshi Shirakawa, Makio Kaminogo
Metastatic brain tumor occasionally results in multiple cerebral hemorrhages. Here, we report a case of metastatic brain tumor complicated by multiple repeated cerebral hemorrhages. An 80-year-old man with a history of removal of lung cancer was admitted to our hospital because of disturbed consciousness following headache. A brain CT revealed a mass lesion of 40-mm diameter in the left cerebellum and a mass lesion of 2-mm diameter in the right temporal lobe. The cerebellar mass lesion showed homogeneous iso-density, indicating a subacute phase hemorrhage...
June 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634095/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-drug-prophylaxis-for-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Guy Cafri, Elizabeth W Paxton, Yuexin Chen, Craig T Cheetham, Michael K Gould, Janet Sluggett, Stefano A Bini, Monti Khatod
BACKGROUND: Rates of venous thromboembolism in contemporary studies of primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have been reported to be as high as 3.5%. Although drug prophylaxis is effective, the best option among these regimens is not well established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comparative effectiveness and safety of aspirin, low-molecular-weight heparin, synthetic pentasaccharide factor Xa inhibitors, and vitamin K antagonist. METHODS: Data were from a US total joint replacement registry, with 30,499 patients receiving unilateral TKA from May 16, 2006, to December 31, 2013...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634093/total-hip-arthroplasty-after-transtrochanteric-rotational-osteotomy-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-a-mean-10-year-follow-up
#15
Yusuke Osawa, Taisuke Seki, Daigo Morita, Yasuhiko Takegami, Toshiaki Okura, Naoki Ishiguro
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to investigate clinical, quality of life, and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) after transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). METHODS: We performed a case-control study. The participants were 29 patients (34 hips) who underwent THA after TRO (TRO group). These patients had a mean age at surgery of 51.6 years (range, 30-72 years) and underwent postoperative follow-up for a mean period of 10...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634001/the-effect-of-preoperative-cognitive-behavior-and-exercise-therapy-for-patient-with-implanted-lvad-in-korea-case-presentation
#16
Yong Gon Seo, Won Hah Park, Eun Seok Jeon, Ji Dong Sung, Mi Ja Jang
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are used in patients with progressive heart failure symptoms to provide circulatory support. Patients with LVADs are referred to inpatient cardiac rehabilitation to prevent postoperative complications and improve aerobic capacity and quality of life (QOL). Preoperative exercise therapy for cardiac patients is an emerging treatment modality, and several studies have reported that it improves postoperative outcomes such as length of hospital stay and postoperative complications...
June 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633784/complications-of-talar-neck-fractures-by-hawkins-classification-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Richard K Jordan, Kunaal R Bafna, Jiayong Liu, Nabil A Ebraheim
The goal of the present study was to perform a systematic review of the published data on talar neck fractures for a better understanding of the postoperative clinical outcomes using open reduction and internal fixation stratified by Hawkins type. A PubMed search was performed using the keywords "talar," "neck," and "fracture." This search identified 209 potential studies, which were reviewed to yield 16 studies that met the criteria. The surgical outcomes of talar neck fractures stratified by the Hawkins classification analyzed in the present study were as follows: American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society scale score was 77...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633778/results-of-hemicap-%C3%A2-implantation-as-a-salvage-procedure-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus
#18
Sarah Ettinger, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Hazibullah Waizy, Christoph Becher, Daiwei Yao, Leif Claassen, Yvonne Noll, Christian Plaass
Osteochondral defects (OCDs) of the talus remain a surgical challenge, especially after failed primary treatment. The aim of the present study was to examine the clinical outcomes after HemiCAP(®) implantation for OCDs of the medial talar dome after failed previous surgery. Our retrospective study included 11 patients, who had undergone surgery from June 2009 to September 2012 for an OCD of the medial talar dome and received a HemiCAP(®) on the talus after failed previous surgery for OCD. The data were acquired using patients' medical records and standardized questionnaires, including the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) activity score, EQ-5D, numerical rating scale (NRS), and Short-Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633772/omnidirectional-internal-fixation-by-double-approaches-for-treating-r%C3%A3-edi-allg%C3%A3-wer-type-iii-pilon-fractures
#19
Chong-Hua Dai, Jun Sun, Kun-Quan Chen, Hui-Bo Zhang
In the present study, we explored the effectiveness and complications of omnidirectional internal fixation using a double approach for treating Rüedi-Allgöwer type III pilon fractures. A retrospective analysis was performed of 19 cases of Rüedi-Allgöwer type III unilateral closed pilon fracture. With preoperative preparation and correct surgical timing, the reduction was performed using anteromedial and posterolateral approaches, and the fracture fragments were fixed by omnidirectional internal fixation...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633769/blisters-in-ankle-fractures-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
David González Quevedo, Juan Manuel Sánchez Siles, Facundo Rojas Tomba, Iskandar Tamimi Mariño, Manuel Francisco Bravo Bardaji, Francisco Villanueva Pareja
The most frequent postoperative complications after an ankle fracture are usually skin related. We present the results of a retrospective study of 112 patients with ankle fracture who had undergone open reduction and internal fixation from January 2014 to December 2014. The following features were analyzed: patient comorbidities, fracture type, the presence of an open fracture or fracture-dislocation, timing and duration of surgery, preoperative glucose level, and short-term complications (i.e., blisters, wound dehiscence, deep and superficial infections, and reintervention)...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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