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Clinical Hypnosis and pain

Cedrick Zaouter, Thomas M Hemmerling, Romain Lanchon, Emanuela Valoti, Alain Remy, Sébastien Leuillet, Alexandre Ouattara
BACKGROUND: In this pilot study, we tested a novel automatic anesthesia system for closed-loop administration of IV anesthesia drugs for cardiac surgical procedures with cardiopulmonary bypass. This anesthesia drug delivery robot integrates all 3 components of general anesthesia: hypnosis, analgesia, and muscle relaxation. METHODS: Twenty patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were enrolled. Propofol, remifentanil, and rocuronium were administered using closed-loop feedback control...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Arnaud Potié, Fabienne Roelants, Audrey Pospiech, Mona Momeni, Christine Watremez
The aim of this review is to summarize data published on the use of perioperative hypnosis in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery (BCS). Indeed, the majority of BCS patients experience stress, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, and pain. Correct management of the perioperative period and surgical removal of the primary tumor are clearly essential but can affect patients on different levels and hence have a negative impact on oncological outcomes. This review examines the effect of clinical hypnosis performed during the perioperative period...
2016: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
Thomas Gerhard Wolf, Dominik Wolf, Angelika Callaway, Dagna Below, Bernd d'Hoedt, Brita Willershausen, Monika Daubländer
This prospective randomized clinical crossover trial was designed to compare hypnosis and local anesthesia for experimental dental pain relief. Pain thresholds of the dental pulp were determined. A targeted standardized pain stimulus was applied and rated on the Visual Analogue Scale (0-10). The pain threshold was lower under hypnosis (58.3 ± 17.3, p < .001), maximal (80.0) under local anesthesia. The pain stimulus was scored higher under hypnosis (3.9 ± 3.8) than with local anesthesia (0.0, p < ...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
(no author information available yet)
Mind-body therapies are popular and are ranked among the top 10 complementary and integrative medicine practices reportedly used by adults and children in the 2007-2012 National Health Interview Survey. A growing body of evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of mind-body therapies in pediatrics. This clinical report outlines popular mind-body therapies for children and youth and examines the best-available evidence for a variety of mind-body therapies and practices, including biofeedback, clinical hypnosis, guided imagery, meditation, and yoga...
September 2016: Pediatrics
M E Mendoza, A Capafons, J R Gralow, K L Syrjala, J M Suárez-Rodríguez, J R Fann, M P Jensen
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the efficacy of an intervention combining the Valencia Model of Waking Hypnosis with Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (VMWH-CBT) in managing cancer related pain, fatigue, and sleep problems in individuals with active cancer or who were post-treatment survivors. We hypothesized that four sessions of VMWH-CBT would result in greater improvement in participants' symptoms than four sessions of an Education Control intervention (EC). Additionally, we examined the effects on several secondary outcome domains that are associated with increases in these symptoms (depression, pain interference, pain catastrophizing, and cancer treatment distress)...
July 28, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Jessica S Merlin, Hailey W Bulls, Lee A Vucovich, E Jennifer Edelman, Joanna L Starrels
Chronic pain occurs in as many as 85% of individuals with HIV and is associated with substantial functional impairment. Little guidance is available for HIV providers seeking to address their patients' chronic pain. We conducted a systematic review to identify clinical trials and observational studies that examined the impact of pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic interventions on pain and/or functional outcomes among HIV-infected individuals with chronic pain in high-development countries. Eleven studies met inclusion criteria and were mostly low or very low quality...
June 7, 2016: AIDS Care
Rachael Powell, Neil W Scott, Anne Manyande, Julie Bruce, Claus Vögele, Lucie M T Byrne-Davis, Mary Unsworth, Christian Osmer, Marie Johnston
BACKGROUND: In a review and meta-analysis conducted in 1993, psychological preparation was found to be beneficial for a range of outcome variables including pain, behavioural recovery, length of stay and negative affect. Since this review, more detailed bibliographic searching has become possible, additional studies testing psychological preparation for surgery have been completed and hospital procedures have changed. The present review examines whether psychological preparation (procedural information, sensory information, cognitive intervention, relaxation, hypnosis and emotion-focused intervention) has impact on the outcomes of postoperative pain, behavioural recovery, length of stay and negative affect...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Oded Hammerman, David Mostofsky, Yona Louria, Gal Ifergane, Yacov Ezra
BACKGROUND: Behavioral Medicine is an inter-disciplinary field concerned with the integration of behavioral and biomedical knowledge for the purposes of diagnosis, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of conditions pertaining to health and illness. Behavioral treatments (such as: hypnosis, relaxation training, meditation, biofeedback and cognitive-behavioral therapy) have been shown to be effective in reducing physical symptoms as well as improving health-related behaviors and quality of life across a wide variety of illnesses, such as: chronic pain, somatic symptoms, diabetes, inflammatory bowel diseases, coronary heart disease and more...
February 2016: Harefuah
Winfried Häuser, Maria Hagl, Albrecht Schmierer, Ernil Hansen
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of hypnotic techniques in somatic medicine, known as medical hypnosis, have not been supported to date by adequate scientific evidence. METHODS: We systematically reviewed meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of medical hypnosis. Relevant publications (January 2005 to June 2015) were sought in the Cochrane databases CDSR and DARE, and in PubMed. Meta-analyses involving at least 400 patients were included in the present analysis...
April 29, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Stephen J Chester, Kellie Stockton, Alexandra De Young, Belinda Kipping, Zephanie Tyack, Bronwyn Griffin, Ralph L Chester, Roy M Kimble
BACKGROUND: Burns and the associated wound care procedures can be extremely painful and anxiety-provoking for children. Burn injured children and adolescents are therefore at greater risk of experiencing a range of psychological reactions, in particular posttraumatic stress disorder, which can persist for months to years after the injury. Non-pharmacological intervention is critical for comprehensive pain and anxiety management and is used alongside pharmacological analgesia and anxiolysis...
2016: Trials
Ahmet Akgul, Beyhan Guner, Musa Çırak, Derya Çelik, Oya Hergünsel, Sevim Bedirhan
Background Single-session hypnosis has never been evaluated as a premedication technique in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the beneficial effects of clinical hypnotherapy on perioperative anxiety, pain perception, sedation, and necessity for ventilator assistance in patients undergoing CABG. Methods Double-blind, randomized, clinical trial was performed. Forty-four patients undergoing CABG surgery were randomized into two groups. The patients in group A received preprocedural hypnosis by an anesthesiologist...
April 4, 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
Catherine L Cherry, Antonia L Wadley, Peter R Kamerman
HIV-associated sensory neuropathy (HIV-SN) is a common complication of HIV and remains highly prevalent even with modern HIV management strategies, causing debilitating pain in millions globally. We review HIV-SN diagnosis and management. We suggest most HIV-SN cases are easily recognized using clinical screening tools, with physician assessment and/or specialized testing prioritized for atypical cases. Management aims to prevent further nerve damage and optimize symptom control. Symptom relief is difficult and rarely complete, with a lack of proven pharmacological strategies...
April 2016: Pain Management
Kristóf Perczel, János Gál
Hypnosis is well known for its modulatory effects on immune and inflammatory processes, and it is a therapeutic option for certain diseases of such pathogenesis. The authors report treatment of an adult patient with extensive atopic dermatitis, who was only minimally responsive to conservative treatment. In a 15 session hypnotherapy the authors combined the use of direct, symptom-oriented suggestive techniques with hypnotic procedures to identify and modify comorbid psychological issues. To monitor the effect of the treatment, patient diaries (quality and quantity of sleep, intensity of pain and itch) and repeated psychometric tests were used...
January 17, 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Thomas Gerhard Wolf, Dominik Wolf, Dagna Below, Bernd d'Hoedt, Brita Willershausen, Monika Daubländer
This randomized, controlled clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of self-hypnosis on pain perception. Pain thresholds were measured, and a targeted, standardized pain stimulus was created by electrical stimulation of the dental pulp of an upper anterior tooth. Pain stimulus was rated by a visual analogue scale (VAS). The pain threshold under self-hypnosis was higher (57.1 ± 17.1) than without hypnotic intervention (39.5 ± 11.8) (p < .001). Pain was rated lower on the VAS with self-hypnosis (4.0 ± 3...
2016: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Mary J Ogg, Byron L Burlingame, Kerrie Chambers
Complementary care interventions for pediatric patients Key words: pediatric, complementary care, music, hypnosis, acupressure, play therapy, pain, anxiety. Cleaning personal eyewear Key words: personal eyewear, eye protection, cleaning, bloodborne pathogen exposure. Education requirements for advanced practice RN (APRN) first assistants Key words: advanced practice registered nurse, APRN, registered nurse first assistant, RNFA. Degree requirements for entrance to an RN first assistant (RNFA) program Key words: registered nurse first assistant, RNFA, first assistant...
December 2015: AORN Journal
Cassie Kendrick, Jim Sliwinski, Yimin Yu, Aimee Johnson, William Fisher, Zoltán Kekecs, Gary Elkins
Clinical evidence for the effectiveness of hypnosis in the treatment of acute procedural pain was critically evaluated based on reports from randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs). Results from the 29 RCTs meeting inclusion criteria suggest that hypnosis decreases pain compared to standard care and attention control groups and that it is at least as effective as comparable adjunct psychological or behavioral therapies. In addition, applying hypnosis in multiple sessions prior to the day of the procedure produced the highest percentage of significant results...
2016: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Lindsay A Jibb, Paul C Nathan, Bonnie J Stevens, Emily Seto, Joseph A Cafazzo, Nisha Stephens, Liza Yohannes, Jennifer N Stinson
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To identify and appraise current evidence related to the effectiveness of psychological and physical (nonpharmacologic) pain management modalities for children and young adults with cancer
. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science (from database inception to June 2013) for clinical trials. DATA SYNTHESIS: A total of 32 unique studies were identified. Substantial heterogeneity existed across identified studies, precluding meta-analysis...
November 2015: Oncology Nursing Forum
Olafur S Palsson
Hypnotherapy has been investigated for 30 years as a treatment for gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. There are presently 35 studies in the published empirical literature, including 17 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have assessed clinical outcomes of such treatment. This body of research is reviewed comprehensively in this article. Twenty-four of the studies have tested hypnotherapy for adult irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and 5 have focused on IBS or abdominal pain in children. All IBS hypnotherapy studies have reported significant improvement in gastrointestinal symptoms, and 7 out of 10 RCTs in adults and all 3 RCTs in pediatric patient samples found superior outcomes for hypnosis compared to control groups...
October 2015: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Claire Boiron
The treatment of chronic pain patients integrates more and more complementary therapies such as relaxation and hypnosis, implemented by specially trained nurses. These techniques are offered on the basis of nurses' diagnoses carried out in the framework of a clinical approach.
October 2014: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse, Marie-Élisabeth Faymonville
Hypnosis has proved successful in a variety of clinical situations such as alleviation of acute or chronic pain and other chronic debilitating conditions (asthma-eczema). Many psychotherapists utilize imagery to facilitate the process of change, treating depression with hypnosis and integrating patient centered strategic approaches (challenge efficacy of psychotherapy). This article focuses on delivering of hypnotic interventions for pain and will provide a very short overview of core issues in the development of the cognitive neuroscience of hypnosis and conscious state...
April 2015: La Revue du Praticien
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