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Metastatic bone tumors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429148/an-observational-time-and-motion-study-of-denosumab-subcutaneous-injection-and-zoledronic-acid-intravenous-infusion-in-patients-with-metastatic-bone-disease-results-from-three-european-countries
#1
Jean-Jacques Body, Francesca Gatta, Erwin De Cock, Sunning Tao, Persefoni Kritikou, Pauline Wimberger, Jeroen Mebis, Marc Peeters, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Augusto Caraceni, Vincenzo Adamo, Guy Hechmati
PURPOSE: Denosumab (administered via subcutaneous injection) demonstrated superior efficacy versus the intravenously administered zoledronic acid in the prevention of skeletal-related events in an integrated analysis of three head-to-head phase III trials in patients with bone metastases secondary to solid tumors. To date, no studies have evaluated treatment administration duration endpoints of these two agents. METHODS: A multinational, multi-site, observational time and motion study conducted in 10 day oncology units (DOUs) across Belgium, Germany, and Italy...
April 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428908/metastatic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-colon-from-esophageal-cancer
#2
Natasha Garg, Constance Stoehr, Yan Shi Zhao, Heather Rojas, Chung-Tsen Hsueh
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma represents 4% of all cancers in the United States. Patients with esophageal cancer frequently present with locally advanced disease, and about 40% of patients have evidence of metastatic disease on presentation. Common sites of metastasis include liver, lung and bone. Here, we present a rare case of colonic metastasis from primary esophageal SCC. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old Caucasian male with a history of 20-pack-year cigarette smoking received surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced SCC of larynx...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427196/breast-cancer-subtypes-predict-the-preferential-site-of-distant-metastases-a-seer-based-study
#3
Qi Wu, Juanjuan Li, Shan Zhu, Juan Wu, Chuang Chen, Qian Liu, Wen Wei, Yimin Zhang, Shengrong Sun
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed to access possible relationships between breast cancer subtypes and sites of distant metastasis in breast cancer. RESULTS: A total of 243,896 patients, including 226,451 cases in control groups were identified. Bone metastasis was found in 8848 cases, compared with 1,000 brain metastasis cases, 3434 liver metastasis cases and 4167 lung metastasis cases. Patients with all subtypes were most prone to bone metastases, the incidence of bone metastasis in HR+/HER2+ subtype was up to 5...
March 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425014/clinicopathological-and-prognostic-significance-of-ki-67-immunohistochemical-expression-of-distant-metastatic-lesions-in-patients-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#4
Hitoshi Inari, Nobuyasu Suganuma, Kae Kawachi, Tatsuya Yoshida, Takashi Yamanaka, Yoshiyasu Nakamura, Mitsuyo Yoshihara, Hirotaka Nakayama, Katsuhiko Masudo, Takashi Oshima, Tomoyuki Yokose, Yasushi Rino, Satoru Shimizu, Yohei Miyagi, Munetaka Masuda
BACKGROUND: Surgical biopsy of metastatic lesions followed by pathological confirmation for the investigation of biomarkers is occasionally proposed as an effective strategy in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. However, few reports have examined Ki-67 immunohistochemical expression in distant metastatic lesions of breast cancer patients. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological significance of subtypes and Ki-67 immunohistochemical expression in metastatic breast cancer lesions...
April 19, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424404/upregulation-of-minichromosome-maintenance-complex-component-3-during-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-human-prostate-cancer
#5
Paul A Stewart, Zahraa I Khamis, Haiyen E Zhau, Peng Duan, Quanlin Li, Leland W K Chung, Qing-Xiang Amy Sang
Metastasis is often associated with epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). To understand the molecular mechanisms of this process, we conducted proteomic analysis of androgen-repressed cancer of the prostate (ARCaP), an experimental model of metastatic human prostate cancer. The protein signatures of epithelial (ARCaPE) and mesenchymal (ARCaPM) cells were consistent with their phenotypes. Importantly, the expression of mini-chromosome maintenance 3 (MCM3) protein, a crucial subunit of DNA helicase, was significantly higher in ARCaPM cells than that of ARCaPE cells...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424084/durable-complete-remission-with-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-uterine-carcinosarcoma-with-poor-performance-status-and-coagulation-disorders-a-case-report
#6
P Martin-Romano, M Jurado, M A Idoate, L Arbea, J L Hernandez-Lizoain, D Cano, J A Paramo, S Martin-Algarra
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is considered the most appropriate treatment for metastatic uterine sarcoma, despite its limited efficacy. No other treatment has been conclusively proved to be a real alternative, but some reports suggest that anti-hormonal therapy could be active in a small subset of patients. We report the case of a patient with metastatic uterine carcinosarcoma with positive hormonal receptors and a complete pathological response. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with hypovolemic shock and serious vaginal bleeding...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423491/the-mir-25-93-106b-cluster-regulates-tumor-metastasis-and-immune-evasion-via-modulation-of-cxcl12-and-pd-l1
#7
Michele Cioffi, Sara M Trabulo, Mireia Vallespinos, Deepak Raj, Tony Bou Kheir, Meng-Lay Lin, Julfa Begum, Ann-Marie Baker, Ala Amgheib, Jaimy Saif, Manuel Perez, Joaquim Soriano, Manuel Desco, Maria Victoria Gomez-Gaviro, Lorena Cusso, Diego Megias, Alexandra Aicher, Christopher Heeschen
The stromal microenvironment controls response to injury and inflammation, and is also an important determinant of cancer cell behavior. However, our understanding of its modulation by miRNA (miR) and their respective targets is still sparse. Here, we identified the miR-25-93-106b cluster and two new target genes as critical drivers for metastasis and immune evasion of cancer cells. Using miR-25-93-106b knockout mice or antagomiRs, we demonstrated regulation of the production of the chemoattractant CXCL12 controlling bone marrow metastasis...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423035/genetic-profiling-of-putative-breast-cancer-stem-cells-from-malignant-pleural-effusions
#8
Verena Tiran, Stefanie Stanzer, Ellen Heitzer, Michael Meilinger, Christopher Rossmann, Sigurd Lax, Oleksiy Tsybrovskyy, Nadia Dandachi, Marija Balic
A common symptom during late stage breast cancer disease is pleural effusion, which is related to poor prognosis. Malignant cells can be detected in pleural effusions indicating metastatic spread from the primary tumor site. Pleural effusions have been shown to be a useful source for studying metastasis and for isolating cells with putative cancer stem cell (CSC) properties. For the present study, pleural effusion aspirates from 17 metastatic breast cancer patients were processed to propagate CSCs in vitro...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420037/does-surgery-or-radiation-provide-the-best-overall-survival-in-ewing-s-sarcoma-a-review-of-the-national-cancer-data-base
#9
Benjamin J Miller, Yubo Gao, Kyle R Duchman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is continuing debate regarding the ideal modality for local control of the primary tumor for patients with Ewing's sarcoma. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the impact of the method of local control on overall survival in patients with Ewing's sarcoma. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was used to identify patients <40 years of age with high-grade Ewing's sarcoma of bone. A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed at 2, 5, and 10 years...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415595/18f-fluoride-pet-ct-tumor-burden-quantification-predicts-survival-in-breast-cancer
#10
Ana E Brito, Allan Santos, André Deeke Sasse, Cesar Cabello, Paulo Oliveira, Camila Mosci, Tiago Souza, Barbara Amorim, Mariana Lima, Celso D Ramos, Elba Etchebehere
PURPOSE: In bone-metastatic breast cancer patients, there are no current imaging biomarkers to identify which patients have worst prognosis. The purpose of our study was to investigate if skeletal tumor burden determined by 18F-Fluoride PET/CT correlates with clinical outcomes and may help define prognosis throughout the course of the disease. RESULTS: Bone metastases were present in 49 patients. On multivariable analysis, skeletal tumor burden was significantly and independently associated with overall survival (p < 0...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414206/wenshen-zhuanggu-formula-effectively-suppresses-breast-cancer-bone-metastases-in-a-mouse-xenograft-model
#11
Jia-Jia Li, Wei-Ling Chen, Jian-Yi Wang, Qian-Wen Hu, Zhen-Ping Sun, Shuai Zhang, Sheng Liu, Xiang-Hui Han
Wenshen Zhuanggu formula (WSZG) is a traditional Chinese medicine used as an adjuvant for the prevention of bone metastases in breast cancer patients. In this study we investigated the efficacy of WSZG in preventing bone metastases and the potential mechanisms in a mouse xenograft model of breast cancer bone metastases. This model was established by injection of human MDA-MB-231BO-Luc breast cancer cells alone or a mixture of the cancer cells with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into left ventricle of the heart in female nude mice...
April 17, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413794/comparative-evaluation-of-iodine-131-metaiodobenzylguanidine-and-18-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-in-assessing-neural-crest-tumors-will-they-play-a-complementary-role
#12
Soumyakanti Kundu, Purushottam Kand, Sandip Basu
BACKGROUND: 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) has established a role in the evaluation of several malignancies. However, its precise clinical role in the neural crest cell tumors continues to evolve. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare iodine-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-MIBG) and FDG-PET of head to head in patients with neural crest tumors both qualitatively and semiquantitatively and to determine their clinical utility in disease status evaluation and further management...
January 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413658/subcutaneous-metastasis-arising-from-gastric-cancer-a-case-report
#13
Tsutomu Namikawa, Eri Munekage, Masaya Munekage, Hiromichi Maeda, Tomoaki Yatabe, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
A 59-year-old man was referred to the Kochi Medical School Hospital due to left shoulder pain. Physical examination revealed a nodular, painful mass lesion in the subcutaneous tissue of the right chest wall, with a diameter of ~2 cm. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a large ulcerated tumor in the lower gastric body near the lesser curvature, and biopsy specimens of the gastric and humeral lesions revealed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Abdominal computed tomography revealed multiple low-density lesions in the liver and a well-defined, 2...
April 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412561/metastatic-human-breast-cancer-to-the-spine-produces-mechanical-hyperalgesia-and-gait-deficits-in-rodents
#14
Rachel Sarabia-Estrada, Alejandro Ruiz-Valls, Hugo Guerrero-Cazares, Ana M Ampuero, Ismael Jimenez-Estrada, Samantha De Silva, Lydia J Bernhardt, C Rory Goodwin, A Karim Ahmed, Yuxin Li, Neil A Phillips, Ziya L Gokaslan, Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, Daniel M Sciubba
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Metastases to the spine are a common source of severe pain in cancer patients. The secondary effects of spinal metastases include pain, bone fractures, hypercalcemia, and neurological deficits. As the disease progresses, pain severity can increase until it becomes refractory to medical treatments and leads to a decreased quality of life for patients. A key obstacle in the study of pain-induced spinal cancer is the lack of reliable and reproducible spine cancer animal models...
April 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412026/primary-bone-sarcomas-in-patients-over-40-years-of-age-a-retrospective-study-using-data-from-the-bone-tumor-registry-of-japan
#15
Akihito Nagano, Daichi Ishimaru, Yutaka Nishimoto, Haruhiko Akiyama, Akira Kawai
BACKGROUND: Optimal treatments of patients aged >40 years with osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma and of patients with other types of bone sarcoma have not yet been established. METHODS: The clinical characteristics of 746 patients with primary bone sarcomas aged >40 years listed in the nationwide tumor registry (Bone and Soft Tissue Tumor Registry of Japan) were investigated. Patients with Ewing sarcoma, conventional chondrosarcoma, multiple myeloma, and malignant lymphoma were excluded...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406780/dysphagia-an-unusual-presentation-of-metastatic-uterine-cervical-carcinoma
#16
Anam Hameed, Alexander A Dekovich, Phillip J Lum, Mehnaz A Shafi
Worldwide, cervical cancer is the third most common cancer among women and the fourth leading cause of death from cancer. The most common sites of metastasis are the pelvic lymph nodes, vagina, and the pelvic sidewalls. Distant metastases are uncommon but can involve the bone, lung, and liver. Characteristics associated with increased rate of distant metastasis include bulky tumor, endometrial extension, lymph node involvement, and advanced disease. We report the case of a woman with stage II cervical carcinoma, who presented with dysphagia due to cervical cancer metastases to the mediastinum...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406527/modified-weekly-regimen-of-cisplatin-epirubicin-and-paclitaxel-induced-a-durable-response-in-two-cases-of-metastatic-extramammary-paget-s-disease
#17
Ikuko Hirai, Takeru Funakoshi
Metastatic extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare cancer with no standardized treatment. We report two cases of metastatic EMPD treated with a modified weekly PET (cisplatin, epirubicin and paclitaxel) regimen given biweekly (i.e. 2 weeks on/2 weeks off) that had durable responses. Case 1 was a 74-year-old man with EMPD metastatic to lymph nodes, lung, and bone who presented with a hemorrhagic tumor on the scrotum. We tried the PET regimen weekly, but adjusted the interval to biweekly after two doses because of hematological side-effects...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404946/cyp-genes-in-osteosarcoma-their-role-in-tumorigenesis-pulmonary-metastatic-microenvironment-and-treatment-response
#18
Alini Trujillo-Paolillo, Francine Tesser-Gamba, Antonio Sergio Petrilli, Maria Teresa de Seixas Alves, Reynaldo Jesus Garcia Filho, Renato de Oliveira, Silvia Regina Caminada de Toledo
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. The present study investigated the expression of Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) genes: CYP1A2, CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 by qRT-PCR in 135 specimens obtained from OS patients, including biopsy (pre-chemotherapy), tumor resected in surgery (post-chemotherapy), adjacent bone to tumor (nonmalignant tissue), pulmonary metastasis and adjacent lung to metastasis (nonmalignant tissue). Normal bone and normal lung tissues were used as control. We also investigated in five OS cell lines the modulation of CYPs expression by cisplatin, doxorubicin and methotrexate...
March 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403890/distinct-activity-of-the-bone-targeted-gallium-compound-kp46-against-osteosarcoma-cells-synergism-with-autophagy-inhibition
#19
Bernd Kubista, Thomas Schoefl, Lisa Mayr, Sushilla van Schoonhoven, Petra Heffeter, Reinhard Windhager, Bernhard K Keppler, Walter Berger
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most frequent primary malignant bone tumor. Although survival has distinctly increased due to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the past, patients with metastatic disease and poor response to chemotherapy still have an adverse prognosis. Hence, development of new therapeutic strategies is still of utmost importance. METHODS: Anticancer activity of KP46 against osteosarcoma cell models was evaluated as single agent and in combination approaches with chemotherapeutics and Bcl-2 inhibitors using MTT assay...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403086/a-case-report-of-apatinib-in-treating-osteosarcoma-with-pulmonary-metastases
#20
Yong Zhou, Wengeng Zhang, Fan Tang, Yi Luo, Li Min, Wenli Zhang, Rui Shi, Hong Duan, Chongqi Tu
RATIONALE: Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. Pulmonary metastases lead to a significantly increased risk of death. Apatinib, a new potent oral small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting the intracellular domain of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2), shows survival benefits in treating advanced or metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma, non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer and metastatic breast cancer. However, its efficacy in metastatic osteosarcoma has not been reported yet...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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