keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psycho-social theories

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662687/-both-parents-should-care-for-babies-a-cross-sectional-cross-cultural-comparison-of-adolescents-breastfeeding-intentions-and-the-influence-of-shared-parenting-beliefs
#1
Vivien Swanson, Leena Hannula, Linda Eriksson, Malin Häggkvist Wallin, Joan Strutton
BACKGROUND: Many young men and women expect to co-parent their newborn infant. This may have a positive or negative impact on decisions to breastfeed, which is an important health behaviour, influenced by cultural and psycho-social norms. We investigated the relationship between shared parenting, infant feeding beliefs and intentions in male and female (non-parent) adolescents, comparing Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Finland) with high breastfeeding rates with others with low rates (Scotland, USA)...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596797/causality-in-cancer-research-a-journey-through-models-in-molecular-epidemiology-and-their-philosophical-interpretation
#2
Paolo Vineis, Phyllis Illari, Federica Russo
In the last decades, Systems Biology (including cancer research) has been driven by technology, statistical modelling and bioinformatics. In this paper we try to bring biological and philosophical thinking back. We thus aim at making different traditions of thought compatible: (a) causality in epidemiology and in philosophical theorizing-notably, the "sufficient-component-cause framework" and the "mark transmission" approach; (b) new acquisitions about disease pathogenesis, e.g. the "branched model" in cancer, and the role of biomarkers in this process; (c) the burgeoning of omics research, with a large number of "signals" and of associations that need to be interpreted...
2017: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#3
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#4
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416177/restoring-how-older-adults-manage-their-recovery-from-hip-fracture
#5
David J Healee, Antoinette McCallin, Marion Jones
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To generate a substantive theory that explained recovery from hip fracture from the perspective of older adults and find out how they managed it. BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a well-researched phenomenon. The perspective of how older adults recover from hip fracture has been examined least of all. Patients spend less time in hospital following injury and generally recover in their home setting. DESIGN: A Glaserian grounded theory approach was used for this study...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254659/water-insecurity-in-a-syndemic-context-understanding-the-psycho-emotional-stress-of-water-insecurity-in-lesotho-africa
#6
Cassandra L Workman, Heather Ureksoy
Syndemics occur when populations experience synergistic and multiplicative effects of co-occurring epidemics. Proponents of syndemic theory highlight the importance of understanding the social context in which diseases spread and cogently argue that there are biocultural effects of external stresses such as food insecurity and water insecurity. Thus, a holistic understanding of disease or social vulnerability must incorporate an examination of the emotional and social effects of these phenomena. This paper is a response to the call for a renewed focus on measuring the psycho-emotional and psychosocial effects of food insecurity and water insecurity...
February 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166848/randomized-control-trial-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-metacognitive-training-compared-with-a-psycho-educational-group-in-people-with-a-recent-onset-psychosis
#7
S Ochoa, R López-Carrilero, M L Barrigón, E Pousa, A Barajas, E Lorente-Rovira, F González-Higueras, E Grasa, I Ruiz-Delgado, J Cid, I Birulés, I Esteban-Pinos, R Casañas, A Luengo, P Torres-Hernández, I Corripio, M Montes-Gámez, M Beltran, A De Apraiz, L Domínguez-Sánchez, E Sánchez, B Llacer, T Pélaez, J L Bogas, S Moritz
BACKGROUND: Aims were to assess the efficacy of metacognitive training (MCT) in people with a recent onset of psychosis in terms of symptoms as a primary outcome and metacognitive variables as a secondary outcome. METHOD: A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial was performed. A total of 126 patients were randomized to an MCT or a psycho-educational intervention with cognitive-behavioral elements. The sample was composed of people with a recent onset of psychosis, recruited from nine public centers in Spain...
February 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057983/role-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-management-of-peyronie-s-disease-a-preliminary-report
#8
Rajendra Kashinath Shimpi, Ravi Jineshkumar Jain
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's Disease (PD) is a disease causing psycho social trauma to the patient. Multiple treatment options are available with variable results. Extra Corporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) is a new insight into the non invasive modality of management. It focuses on the mechanism of inducing angiogenesis in the penile cavernous tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of the study is to determine the role of ESWT in the management of PD. The objectives include demonstrating the improvement in mean International Index of Erectile Function Score (IIEFS), improvement in pain score by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), change in cavernosal artery flow on colour penile Doppler, reduction in plaque size, and improvement in penile curvature degree after the therapy...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981154/the-effectiveness-of-support-groups-in-asian-breast-cancer-patients-an-integrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Fang-Yu Chou, Frances Lee-Lin, Lily Y Kuang
Cancer support group has been studied as an intervention to improve patient psychosocial well-being. The effectiveness of support groups among Asian breast cancer (BC) patients has been unclear and received limited attention to the evidence of its effectiveness. The social-cognitive processing theory underlies the principles of support groups and advocates that a positive, supportive social environment can improve cognitive processing. The purpose of this paper is to present an integrative review of research evidence on the effectiveness of cancer support groups with Asian BC patients...
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818060/doctors-tacit-knowledge-on-coping-processes-of-oral-cancer-patients-a-qualitative-study
#10
Madiha Rana, Franziska Czens, Franziska Wingartz, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Majeed Rana
PURPOSE: The implicit knowledge of doctors about coping, quality of life and factors which have an influence on these aspects were investigated. In addition, they were asked about the need for psychological support in clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Doctors (n = 40) working in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, otorhinolaryngology and oncology were interviewed about coping and quality of life of patients, the course of therapy and experiences in the doctor-patient interaction based on a semi-structured interview...
December 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739190/an-integrative-bio-psycho-social-theory-of-anorexia-nervosa
#11
REVIEW
Calum Munro, Louise Randell, Stephen M Lawrie
The need for novel approaches to understanding and treating anorexia nervosa (AN) is well recognized. The aim of this paper is to describe an integrative bio-psycho-social theory of maintaining factors in AN. We took a triangulation approach to develop a clinically relevant theory with face validity and internal consistency. We developed theoretical ideas from our clinical practice and reviewed theoretical ideas within the eating disorders and wider bio-psycho-social literature. The synthesis of these ideas and concepts into a clinically meaningful framework is described here...
January 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726246/four-pathways-to-anorexia-nervosa-patients-perspective-on-the-emergence-of-an
#12
Kjersti S Gulliksen, Ragnfrid H S Nordbø, Ester M S Espeset, Finn Skårderud, Arne Holte
INTRODUCTION: Studies show that patients' perception of their illness has a direct influence both on their utilization of health services and their adherence to treatment plans. This may be particularly relevant to the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Previous studies on AN have typically explored single psycho-social factors that patients with AN relate to the emergence of their illness. There is a need for more coherent systematic descriptions of the complexity of the patients' narratives about how their illness emerged...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715257/a-multiple-case-study-of-patient-journeys-in-wales-from-a-e-to-a-hospital-ward-or-home
#13
Sera Nia Manning
The health service is having to plan for an increasingly older population putting extra demand on services, with a greater emphasis on providing care at home. A health board in Wales brought in an Early Response Service, which assessed whether patients attending accident and emergency needed to be admitted to hospital or could receive care at home. This qualitative study looked at the experiences of both patients and staff members in both settings. A multiple case study was undertaken using semi-structured interviews...
October 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714662/personality-and-uveitis
#14
Ankush Kawali, Ringhoo Theresa Jose, Aishwarya, Mathew Kurian, Kushal Kacha, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Rohit Shetty
BACKGROUND: Psycho-immunology is an emerging branch of science which studies the interaction between the brain and the immune system. The purpose of this study is to identify the types of personality factors in patients with non-infectious uveitis and to find its association with a particular uveitic entity if any. This is a prospective, observational, case-control study of 186 patients with non-infectious uveitis (group A) and controls from general ophthalmology outpatient department (group B)...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663819/the-new-functional-identity-a-body-that-thinks-a-mind-that-feels-frontiers-and-unexplored-territories-of-the-body-and-mind-zone
#15
Maria Grazia Spurio
For a long time, terms like "mind" and "emotion" have rarely been taken into account, not even mentioned in the medical texts. The latest scientific researches, including the studies of Candace Pert, on the contrary, have emphasized that the entire body thinks, because every single cell hears, and feels emotions. The international researcher has discovered the endocrines and a vast number of neuropeptides, that work as an "information network" that interconnects the entire body, the "psychic" molecules are transmitted and travel, communicating information as in a circular and recursive body - mind mechanism...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527256/oxytocin-to-modulate-emotional-processing-in-schizophrenia-a-randomized-double-blind-cross-over-clinical-trial
#16
Michela Brambilla, Maria Cotelli, Rosa Manenti, Jessica Dagani, Davide Sisti, Marco Rocchi, Matteo Balestrieri, Stefano Pini, Sara Raimondi, Francesco Maria Saviotti, Paolo Scocco, Giovanni de Girolamo
Deficits in social cognition, including emotional processing, are hallmarks of schizophrenia and antipsychotic agents seem to be ineffectual to improve these symptoms. However, oxytocin does seem to have beneficial effects on social cognition. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of four months of treatment with intranasal oxytocin, in 31 patients with schizophrenia, on distinct aspects of social cognition. This was assessed using standardized and experimental tests in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial...
October 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479611/the-psychology-of-schizophrenia-implications-for-biological-and-psychotherapeutic-treatments
#17
REVIEW
Mantosh J Dewan
The focus on recent advances in the neurobiology of schizophrenia has pushed aside the psychological understanding of the person with schizophrenia for several decades. However, a useful functional psychology of schizophrenia (in distinction to a psychological approach to symptoms) remains clinically important for several reasons: it is a core part of the bio-psycho-social formulation; it helps us understand and connect with persons with schizophrenia; and it provides a framework by which to organize our treatment efforts (both psychotherapeutic and particularly biological), which can improve adherence and outcomes...
August 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395342/social-functioning-in-major-depressive-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Aleksandra Kupferberg, Lucy Bicks, Gregor Hasler
Depression is associated with social risk factors, social impairments and poor social functioning. This paper gives an overview of these social aspects using the NIMH Research and Domain Criteria 'Systems for Social Processes' as a framework. In particular, it describes the bio-psycho-social interplay regarding impaired affiliation and attachment (social anhedonia, hyper-sensitivity to social rejection, competition avoidance, increased altruistic punishment), impaired social communication (impaired emotion recognition, diminished cooperativeness), impaired social perception (reduced empathy, theory-of-mind deficits) and their impact on social networks and the use of social media...
October 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392214/-you-don-t-know-what-s-wrong-with-you-an-exploration-of-cancer-related-experiences-in-people-with-an-intellectual-disability
#19
Samantha Flynn, Nicholas J Hulbert-Williams, Lee Hulbert-Williams, Ros Bramwell
OBJECTIVE: Few empirical studies have explored cancer-related experiences of people with an intellectual disability (ID), despite rising cancer incidence in this population. The present research aims to better understand the experiences of this population from multiple perspectives, generating theory and further research questions. METHODS: Six people with ID and cancer, alongside twelve participants from their supportive network (including: family, social and healthcare professionals), were interviewed; transcripts were analysed using grounded theory...
July 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364905/developing-a-peer-to-peer-mhealth-application-to-connect-hispanic-cancer-patients
#20
Jennifer R Banas, David Victorson, Sandra Gutierrez, Evelyn Cordero, Judy Guitleman, Niina Haas
Cancer and its treatment can significantly impact health-related quality of life (HRQOL) (J Pain Symptom Manag 9 (3):186-192, 1994; Soc Sci Med 46:1569-1584, 1998), particularly for Hispanics (Healthcare Financ Rev 29 (4):23-40, 2008; Psycho-Oncology 21 (2):115-124, 2012). Moreover, providers of cancer support for this population may encounter unique challenges. Grounded in social capital theory, this study identified Spanish-speaking, Hispanic breast cancer survivor support needs and preferences for a mHealth intervention...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
keyword
keyword
6073
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"