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Psycho-social theories

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198528/an-integrative-review-of-the-enjoyment-of-sadness-associated-with-music
#1
REVIEW
Tuomas Eerola, Jonna K Vuoskoski, Henna-Riikka Peltola, Vesa Putkinen, Katharina Schäfer
The recent surge of interest towards the paradoxical pleasure produced by sad music has generated a handful of theories and an array of empirical explorations on the topic. However, none of these have attempted to weigh the existing evidence in a systematic fashion. The present work puts forward an integrative framework laid out over three levels of explanation - biological, psycho-social, and cultural - to compare and integrate the existing findings in a meaningful way. First, we review the evidence pertinent to experiences of pleasure associated with sad music from the fields of neuroscience, psychophysiology, and endocrinology...
November 23, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154635/you-have-to-hear-this-using-tone-of-voice-to-motivate-others
#2
Netta Weinstein, Konstantina Zougkou, Silke Paulmann
The present studies explored the role of prosody in motivating others, and applied self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000) to do so. Initial studies describe patterns of prosody that discriminate motivational speech. Autonomy support was expressed with lower intensity, slower speech rate and less voice energy in both motivationally laden and neutral (but motivationally primed) sentences. In a follow-up study, participants were able to recognize motivational prosody in semantically neutral sentences, suggesting prosody alone may carry motivational content...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075216/smartphone-applications-for-educating-and-helping-non-motivating-patients-adhere-to-medication-that-treats-mental-health-conditions-aims-and-functioning
#3
Angelos P Kassianos, Giorgos Georgiou, Electra P Papaconstantinou, Angeliki Detzortzi, Rob Horne
Background: Patients prescribed with medication that treats mental health conditions benefit the most compared to those prescribed with other types of medication. However, they are also the most difficult to adhere. The development of mobile health (mHealth) applications ("apps") to help patients monitor their adherence is fast growing but with limited evidence on their efficacy. There is no evidence on the content of these apps for patients taking psychotropic medication. The aim of this study is to identify and evaluate the aims and functioning of available apps that are aiming to help and educate patients to adhere to medication that treats mental health conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054790/narratives-of-life-with-long-term-low-back-pain-a-follow-up-interview-study
#4
Sanne Angel, Lone Donbæk Jensen, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Krøis Gonge, Niels Buus
BACKGROUND: Long-term low back pain is associated with multiple challenges to a person's identity and social position. Despite efforts to understand the challenges of low back pain, recovery remains a major problem both personally and socially. This indicate a need for a different approach. Although personal stories have been used to extend knowledge of issues that relate to low back pain, they also make it possible to learn about how people understand themselves and their lives. As such, analysis of narratives may provide further insights into people's coping processes and novel insights about how best to support them...
October 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937311/it-s-not-as-bad-as-you-think-menopausal-representations-are-more-positive-in-postmenopausal-women
#5
Lydia Brown, Valerie Brown, Fiona Judd, Christina Bryant
INTRODUCTION: The menopausal transition is associated with underlying hormonal changes that can contribute to a range of physical and emotional symptoms. Psycho-social factors including attitudes and internal representations play a central role in women's experience of the menopause, but very little is known about how representations might differ across menopausal stages. METHODS: A sample of 387 women aged 40-60 completed a postal questionnaire that included the menopausal representations questionnaire, the emotional representation subscale adapted from the illness perception questionnaire, and data on menopausal status...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937233/new-perspectives-in-the-model-of-stress-response
#6
I Tonhajzerova, M Mestanik
The reactions of human organism to changes of internal or external environment termed as stress response have been at the center of interest during recent decades. Several theories were designed to describe the regulatory mechanisms which maintain the stability of vital physiological functions under conditions of threat or other environmental challenges. However, most of the models of stress reactivity were focused on specific aspects of the regulatory outcomes - physiological (e.g. neuroendocrine), psychological or behavioral regulation...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810482/a-journey-in-the-field-of-health-from-social-psychology-to-multi-disciplinarity
#7
Claudine Herzlich
"Health psychology" is a newer sub-discipline whose research methodologies, theories, and practices were borrowed from diverse areas of psychology. It appeared later in France than in the United States or United Kingdom., In 1966, I adopted a perspective between anthropology and psycho-sociology of medicine. I never have self-identified as a "Health Psychologist", continuing to work outside of disciplinary boundary constraints, but studied health questions moving first from psychology (and anthropology), through social psychology to sociology...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662687/-both-parents-should-care-for-babies-a-cross-sectional-cross-cultural-comparison-of-adolescents-breastfeeding-intentions-and-the-influence-of-shared-parenting-beliefs
#8
Vivien Swanson, Leena Hannula, Linda Eriksson, Malin Häggkvist Wallin, Joan Strutton
BACKGROUND: Many young men and women expect to co-parent their newborn infant. This may have a positive or negative impact on decisions to breastfeed, which is an important health behaviour, influenced by cultural and psycho-social norms. We investigated the relationship between shared parenting, infant feeding beliefs and intentions in male and female (non-parent) adolescents, comparing Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Finland) with high breastfeeding rates with others with low rates (Scotland, USA)...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596797/causality-in-cancer-research-a-journey-through-models-in-molecular-epidemiology-and-their-philosophical-interpretation
#9
Paolo Vineis, Phyllis Illari, Federica Russo
In the last decades, Systems Biology (including cancer research) has been driven by technology, statistical modelling and bioinformatics. In this paper we try to bring biological and philosophical thinking back. We thus aim at making different traditions of thought compatible: (a) causality in epidemiology and in philosophical theorizing-notably, the "sufficient-component-cause framework" and the "mark transmission" approach; (b) new acquisitions about disease pathogenesis, e.g. the "branched model" in cancer, and the role of biomarkers in this process; (c) the burgeoning of omics research, with a large number of "signals" and of associations that need to be interpreted...
2017: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#10
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516959/adaptive-psychological-structure-in-childhood-hearing-impairment-audiological-correlations
#11
A Serra, G Spinato, S Cocuzza, L Licciardello, P Pavone, L Maiolino
The present research deals with the clinical and social problems present during linguistic and cognitive development of deaf children. Currently, the development of Theory of Mind represents an important research field in deafness studies. These international studies highlighted a significant alteration in the development of Theory of Mind in deaf children compared to normal hearing children, especially in cases of congenital or preverbal hearing loss. In particular, the research focuses on the skills of deaf children in recognising emotions and desires, through both perceptive and cognitive methods, by evaluation of psycho-cognitive skills of children with severe hearing loss using a set of questions to be administered to hearing loss patients...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416177/restoring-how-older-adults-manage-their-recovery-from-hip-fracture
#12
David J Healee, Antoinette McCallin, Marion Jones
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To generate a substantive theory that explained recovery from hip fracture from the perspective of older adults and find out how they managed it. BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a well-researched phenomenon. The perspective of how older adults recover from hip fracture has been examined least of all. Patients spend less time in hospital following injury and generally recover in their home setting. DESIGN: A Glaserian grounded theory approach was used for this study...
August 2017: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254659/water-insecurity-in-a-syndemic-context-understanding-the-psycho-emotional-stress-of-water-insecurity-in-lesotho-africa
#13
Cassandra L Workman, Heather Ureksoy
Syndemics occur when populations experience synergistic and multiplicative effects of co-occurring epidemics. Proponents of syndemic theory highlight the importance of understanding the social context in which diseases spread and cogently argue that there are biocultural effects of external stresses such as food insecurity and water insecurity. Thus, a holistic understanding of disease or social vulnerability must incorporate an examination of the emotional and social effects of these phenomena. This paper is a response to the call for a renewed focus on measuring the psycho-emotional and psychosocial effects of food insecurity and water insecurity...
April 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166848/randomized-control-trial-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-metacognitive-training-compared-with-a-psycho-educational-group-in-people-with-a-recent-onset-psychosis
#14
S Ochoa, R López-Carrilero, M L Barrigón, E Pousa, A Barajas, E Lorente-Rovira, F González-Higueras, E Grasa, I Ruiz-Delgado, J Cid, I Birulés, I Esteban-Pinos, R Casañas, A Luengo, P Torres-Hernández, I Corripio, M Montes-Gámez, M Beltran, A De Apraiz, L Domínguez-Sánchez, E Sánchez, B Llacer, T Pélaez, J L Bogas, S Moritz
BACKGROUND: Aims were to assess the efficacy of metacognitive training (MCT) in people with a recent onset of psychosis in terms of symptoms as a primary outcome and metacognitive variables as a secondary outcome. METHOD: A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial was performed. A total of 126 patients were randomized to an MCT or a psycho-educational intervention with cognitive-behavioral elements. The sample was composed of people with a recent onset of psychosis, recruited from nine public centers in Spain...
February 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057983/role-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-management-of-peyronie-s-disease-a-preliminary-report
#15
Rajendra Kashinath Shimpi, Ravi Jineshkumar Jain
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's Disease (PD) is a disease causing psycho social trauma to the patient. Multiple treatment options are available with variable results. Extra Corporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) is a new insight into the non invasive modality of management. It focuses on the mechanism of inducing angiogenesis in the penile cavernous tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of the study is to determine the role of ESWT in the management of PD. The objectives include demonstrating the improvement in mean International Index of Erectile Function Score (IIEFS), improvement in pain score by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), change in cavernosal artery flow on colour penile Doppler, reduction in plaque size, and improvement in penile curvature degree after the therapy...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981154/the-effectiveness-of-support-groups-in-asian-breast-cancer-patients-an-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Fang-Yu Chou, Frances Lee-Lin, Lily Y Kuang
Cancer support group has been studied as an intervention to improve patient psychosocial well-being. The effectiveness of support groups among Asian breast cancer (BC) patients has been unclear and received limited attention to the evidence of its effectiveness. The social-cognitive processing theory underlies the principles of support groups and advocates that a positive, supportive social environment can improve cognitive processing. The purpose of this paper is to present an integrative review of research evidence on the effectiveness of cancer support groups with Asian BC patients...
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818060/doctors-tacit-knowledge-on-coping-processes-of-oral-cancer-patients-a-qualitative-study
#17
Madiha Rana, Franziska Czens, Franziska Wingartz, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Majeed Rana
PURPOSE: The implicit knowledge of doctors about coping, quality of life and factors which have an influence on these aspects were investigated. In addition, they were asked about the need for psychological support in clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Doctors (n = 40) working in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, otorhinolaryngology and oncology were interviewed about coping and quality of life of patients, the course of therapy and experiences in the doctor-patient interaction based on a semi-structured interview...
December 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739190/an-integrative-bio-psycho-social-theory-of-anorexia-nervosa
#18
REVIEW
Calum Munro, Louise Randell, Stephen M Lawrie
The need for novel approaches to understanding and treating anorexia nervosa (AN) is well recognized. The aim of this paper is to describe an integrative bio-psycho-social theory of maintaining factors in AN. We took a triangulation approach to develop a clinically relevant theory with face validity and internal consistency. We developed theoretical ideas from our clinical practice and reviewed theoretical ideas within the eating disorders and wider bio-psycho-social literature. The synthesis of these ideas and concepts into a clinically meaningful framework is described here...
January 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726246/four-pathways-to-anorexia-nervosa-patients-perspective-on-the-emergence-of-an
#19
Kjersti S Gulliksen, Ragnfrid H S Nordbø, Ester M S Espeset, Finn Skårderud, Arne Holte
INTRODUCTION: Studies show that patients' perception of their illness has a direct influence both on their utilization of health services and their adherence to treatment plans. This may be particularly relevant to the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Previous studies on AN have typically explored single psycho-social factors that patients with AN relate to the emergence of their illness. There is a need for more coherent systematic descriptions of the complexity of the patients' narratives about how their illness emerged...
July 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715257/a-multiple-case-study-of-patient-journeys-in-wales-from-a-e-to-a-hospital-ward-or-home
#20
Sera Nia Manning
The health service is having to plan for an increasingly older population putting extra demand on services, with a greater emphasis on providing care at home. A health board in Wales brought in an Early Response Service, which assessed whether patients attending accident and emergency needed to be admitted to hospital or could receive care at home. This qualitative study looked at the experiences of both patients and staff members in both settings. A multiple case study was undertaken using semi-structured interviews...
October 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
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