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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238208/ask-me-self-reported-features-of-adolescents-experiencing-neglect-or-emotional-maltreatment-a-rapid-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
A M Naughton, L E Cowley, V Tempest, S A Maguire, M K Mann, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: Neglect is often overlooked in adolescence, due in part to assumptions about autonomy and misinterpretation of behaviors being part of normal adolescent development. Emotional maltreatment (abuse or neglect) has a damaging effect throughout the lifespan, but is rarely recognized amongst adolescents. Our review aims to identify features that adolescents experiencing neglect and/ or emotional maltreatment report. METHOD: A rapid review methodology searched 8 databases (1990-2014), supplemented by hand searching journals, and references, identifying 2,568 abstracts...
February 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237271/frontiers-in-neuroendocrinology-invited-paper-evidence-based-treatments-for-low-sexual-desire-in-women
#2
REVIEW
Lori A Brotto
Low sexual desire is the most common sexual complaint in women, with multinational studies finding that at least a third of women experience low sexual desire. No single etiology for the development of Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder, the diagnosis laid out by the 5(th) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, has been established. There has been considerable interest in pharmacological approaches to improving low desire, and agents targeting a range of neurotransmitters have been examined...
February 22, 2017: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237048/heterogeneity-in-pathways-to-abstinence-among-women-in-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorder
#3
Cathryn Glanton Holzhauer, Elizabeth E Epstein, Amy M Cohn, Barbara S McCrady, Fiona S Graff, Sharon Cook
BACKGROUND: Although many providers recommend alcohol abstinence as an initial step in the treatment of alcohol use disorders (AUD), there is a scarcity of research on specific behavioral strategies to achieve this step. The current study examined efficacy of a unique abstinence planning intervention for alcohol in a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) outpatient protocol. DESIGN: 128 women enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of CBT for AUD at a university-based clinic comprised the sample...
April 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236739/food-addiction-in-children-associations-with-obesity-parental-food-addiction-and-feeding-practices
#4
T Burrows, J Skinner, M A Joyner, J Palmieri, K Vaughan, A N Gearhardt
Food addiction research in children is limited, and to date addictive-like eating behaviors within families have not been investigated. The aim of this study is to understand factors associated with addictive-like eating in children. The association between food addiction in children with obesity, parental food addiction, and parental feeding practices (i.e., restriction, pressure to eat, monitoring) was investigated. Parents/primary caregivers (aged≥18years) of children aged 5-12years, recruited and completed an online cross-sectional survey including demographics, the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), and the Child Feeding Questionnaire (CFQ)...
February 16, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236217/a-flexible-and-accurate-method-to-estimate-the-mode-and-stability-of-spontaneous-coordinated-behaviors-the-index-of-stability-is-analysis
#5
Gregory Zelic, Deborah Varoqui, Jeesun Kim, Chris Davis
Patterns of coordination result from the interaction between (at least) two oscillatory components. This interaction is typically understood by means of two variables: the mode that expresses the shape of the interaction, and the stability that is the robustness of the interaction in this mode. A potent method of investigating coordinated behaviors is to examine the extent to which patterns of coordination arise spontaneously. However, a prominent issue faced by researchers is that, to date, no standard methods exist to fairly assess the stability of spontaneous coordination...
February 24, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236096/-cannabis-induced-disorders
#6
M Soyka, U Preuss, E Hoch
Use and misuse of cannabis and marihuana are frequent. About 5% of the adult population are current users but only 1.2% are dependent. The medical use of cannabis is controversial but there is some evidence for improvement of chronic pain and spasticity. The somatic toxicity of cannabis is well proven but limited and psychiatric disorders induced by cannabis are of more relevance, e.g. cognitive disorders, amotivational syndrome, psychoses and delusional disorders as well as physical and psychological dependence...
February 24, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231576/molecular-markers-involved-in-tumorigenesis-of-thyroid-carcinoma-focus-on-aggressive-histotypes
#7
Gustavo C Penna, Fernanda Vaisman, Mario Vaisman, Manuel Sobrinho-Simões, Paula Soares
Thyroid cancer derived from follicular cells (TCDFC) comprises well-differentiated (papillary and follicular) carcinoma, poorly differentiated carcinoma, and anaplastic carcinoma. Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common endocrine cancer, and its incidence is steadily increasing. Lethality and aggressiveness of TCDFC is inversely correlated with differentiation degree. In this review, an emphasis has been put on molecular markers involved in tumorigenesis of thyroid carcinoma with a focus on aggressive histotypes and the role of such biomarkers in predicting thyroid cancer outcome...
February 24, 2017: Cytogenetic and Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231543/date-seed-extract-ameliorates-%C3%AE-amyloid-induced-impairments-in-hippocampus-of-male-rats
#8
Farzaneh Dehghanian, Taj Pari Kalantaripour, Khadijeh Esmaeilpour, Leila Elyasi, Hakime Oloumi, Fatmeh Mehdi Pour, Majid Asadi-Shekaari
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder among the elderly. Because the existing treatments for Alzheimer's disease only offer limited symptomatic alleviation, more efficient therapeutic agents are urgently needed. Date seed is a hepatoprotective and neuroprotective agent. Date seed extract (DSE) has bioactive components like phenolics, flavonoids, and vitamins. In view of the ameliorative effects of DSE against an oxidative injury, the current study was designed to reveal whether DSE has a neuroprotective resource in the rat model of Alzheimer's disease...
February 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231042/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-four-simulated-colorectal-cancer-screening-interventions-north-carolina
#9
Kristen Hassmiller Lich, David A Cornejo, Maria E Mayorga, Michael Pignone, Florence K L Tangka, Lisa C Richardson, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Anne-Marie Meyer, Ingrid J Hall, Judith Lee Smith, Todd A Durham, Steven A Chall, Trisha M Crutchfield, Stephanie B Wheeler
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are suboptimal, particularly among the uninsured and the under-insured and among rural and African American populations. Little guidance is available for state-level decision makers to use to prioritize investment in evidence-based interventions to improve their population's health. The objective of this study was to demonstrate use of a simulation model that incorporates synthetic census data and claims-based statistical models to project screening behavior in North Carolina...
February 23, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230329/integrating-trans-abdominal-ultrasonography-with-fecal-steroid-metabolite-monitoring-to-accurately-diagnose-pregnancy-and-predict-the-timing-of-parturition-in-the-red-panda-ailurus-fulgens-styani
#10
Erin Curry, Lissa J Browning, Paul Reinhart, Terri L Roth
Red pandas (Ailurus fulgens styani) exhibit a variable gestation length and may experience a pseudopregnancy indistinguishable from true pregnancy; therefore, it is not possible to deduce an individual's true pregnancy status and parturition date based on breeding dates or fecal progesterone excretion patterns alone. The goal of this study was to evaluate the use of transabdominal ultrasonography for pregnancy diagnosis in red pandas. Two to three females were monitored over 4 consecutive years, generating a total of seven profiles (four pregnancies, two pseudopregnancies, and one lost pregnancy)...
February 23, 2017: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229112/chronic-psychosocial-stressors-in-adulthood-studies-in-mice-rats-and-tree-shrews
#11
REVIEW
Christopher R Pryce, Eberhard Fuchs
Human psychological stress is the major environmental risk factor for major depression and certain of the anxiety disorders. Psychological stressors often occur in the context of the adult social environment, and they or the memory formed of them impact on the individual across an extended period, thereby constituting chronic psychosocial stress (CPS). Psychosocial stressors often involve loss to the individual, such as the ending of a social relationship or the onset of interpersonal conflict leading to loss of social control and predictability...
February 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225906/the-current-status-of-the-lutzomyia-longipalpis-diptera-psychodidae-phlebotominae-species-complex
#12
Nataly A Souza, Reginaldo P Brazil, Alejandra S Araki
Lutzomyia longipalpis s.l. is a complex of sibling species and is the principal vector of American visceral leishmaniasis. The present review summarises the diversity of efforts that have been undertaken to elucidate the number of unnamed species in this species complex and the phylogenetic relationships among them. A wide variety of evidence, including chemical, behavioral and molecular traits, suggests very recent speciation events and complex population structure in this group. Although significant advances have been achieved to date, differential vector capacity and the correlation between structure of parasite and vector populations have yet to be elucidated...
March 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225844/-diminished-culpability
#13
Luis Ohman, Adrián P Fantini
One of the central matters in forensic psychiatry is its culpability. Day after day we, the mental health professionals, are subpoenaed in different courts of our country to assess the mental state of a given individual in order to endorse a judge so that he can issue their view pertaining the culpability and the responsibility of accused subjects. Our current National Criminal Code, dating from 1921, in Art. 34 sub 1 holds for culpability a dichotomous model in which an individual is responsible and must be accountable for his behavior or not responsible and in such case must no be held accountable in criminal courts...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225828/systematic-analysis-of-non-structural-protein-features-for-the-prediction-of-ptm-function-potential-by-artificial-neural-networks
#14
Henry M Dewhurst, Matthew P Torres
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) provide an extensible framework for regulation of protein behavior beyond the diversity represented within the genome alone. While the rate of identification of PTMs has rapidly increased in recent years, our knowledge of PTM functionality encompasses less than 5% of this data. We previously developed SAPH-ire (Structural Analysis of PTM Hotspots) for the prioritization of eukaryotic PTMs based on function potential of discrete modified alignment positions (MAPs) in a set of 8 protein families...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220826/different-brain-structures-associated-with-artistic-and-scientific-creativity-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#15
Baoguo Shi, Xiaoqing Cao, Qunlin Chen, Kaixiang Zhuang, Jiang Qiu
Creativity is the ability to produce original and valuable ideas or behaviors. In real life, artistic and scientific creativity promoted the development of human civilization; however, to date, no studies have systematically investigated differences in the brain structures responsible for artistic and scientific creativity in a large sample. Using voxel-based morphometry (VBM), this study identified differences in regional gray matter volume (GMV) across the brain between artistic and scientific creativity (assessed by the Creative Achievement Questionnaire) in 356 young, healthy subjects...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219487/evidence-for-the-risks-and-consequences-of-adolescent-cannabis-exposure
#16
REVIEW
Amir Levine, Kelly Clemenza, Moira Rynn, Jeffrey Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: This review of the scientific literature examines the potential adult sequelae of exposure to cannabis and related synthetic cannabinoids in adolescence. We examine the four neuropsychiatric outcomes that are likely most vulnerable to alteration by early cannabinoid use, as identified within both the clinical and preclinical research: cognition, emotional functioning, risk for psychosis, and addiction. METHOD: A literature search was conducted through PubMed, PsychInfo, and Google Scholar with no publication date restrictions...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219248/high-performance-method-for-determination-of-pu-isotopes-in-soil-and-sediment-samples-by-sector-field-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#17
Zhongtang Wang, Jian Zheng, Youyi Ni, Wu Men, Keiko Tagami, Shigeo Uchida
Plutonium is extensively studied in radioecology (e.g., soil to plant transfer and radiological assessment) and geochemistry (e.g., sediment dating). Here, we reported a new chemical separation method for rapid determination of Pu in soil and sediment samples, based on the following investigations: extraction behaviors of interfering elements (IEs, for inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) measurement) on TEVA resin; decontamination of U using TEVA, UTEVA, and DGA resins; and the impact of coprecipitation on Pu determination...
February 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218707/fkbp51-immunohistochemical-expression-a-new-prognostic-biomarker-for-oscc
#18
Daniela Russo, Francesco Merolla, Massimo Mascolo, Gennaro Ilardi, Simona Romano, Silvia Varricchio, Virginia Napolitano, Angela Celetti, Loredana Postiglione, Pier Paolo Di Lorenzo, Luigi Califano, Giovanni Orabona Dell'Aversana, Fabio Astarita, Maria Fiammetta Romano, Stefania Staibano
Up-to-date, several molecular markers of prognosis have been studied in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC), but none entered in the clinical setting. Therapy of OSCC tumors mainly relies on surgery, radiotherapy and partially on chemotherapy; there is an urgent need for biomarkers able to better stratify OSCC patients' risk to address targeted therapeutic strategies. The role of immune response in the pathogenesis and biological behavior of OSCC has been investigated by several authors, and promising results have been obtained with immune checkpoint inhibitors...
February 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218305/interaction-of-cutibacterium-%C3%A2-formerly-propionibacterium-acnes-with-bone-cells-a-step-toward-understanding-bone-and-joint-infection-development
#19
Guillaume Ghislain Aubin, Marc Baud'huin, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Régis Brion, François Gouin, Didier Lepelletier, Cédric Jacqueline, Dominique Heymann, Karim Asehnoune, Stéphane Corvec
Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) is recognized as a pathogen in foreign-body infections (arthroplasty or spinal instrumentation). To date, the direct impact of C. acnes on bone cells has never been explored. The clade of 11 C. acnes clinical isolates was determined by MLST. Human osteoblasts and osteoclasts were infected by live C. acnes. The whole genome sequence of six isolates of this collection was analyzed. CC36 C. acnes strains were significantly less internalized by osteoblasts and osteoclasts than CC18 and CC28 C...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216378/gender-differences-in-adverse-childhood-experiences-collective-violence-and-the-risk-for-addictive-behaviors-among-university-students-in-tunisia
#20
Sana El Mhamdi, Andrine Lemieux, Ines Bouanene, Arwa Ben Salah, Motohiro Nakajima, Kamel Ben Salem, Mustafa al'Absi
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) have been linked to a variety of addictive behaviors. The recent adaptation of the ACE measure by the World Health Organization (WHO) allows for the assessment of the negative role of additional adverse experiences, such as extra-familial violence. To date, the relationship between extra-familial violence and addictive behaviors has not been assessed. We report the contribution of ACEs, including the new scales for extra-familial violence, on the risk for mental health problems and addictive behaviors by gender in a sample of young adults in Tunisia...
February 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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