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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212489/health-care-utilization-of-patients-with-chronic-back-pain-before-and-after-rehabilitation
#1
Magdalena Görge, Jeanette Ziehm, Erik Farin
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic back pain show an increased use of health-care services leading to high direct costs. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation reduces pain intensity, depression, disability and work inability. The study aims to investigate whether health-care utilization in patients with chronic back pain is lower after rehabilitation than before rehabilitation and if, in addition to sociodemographic, medical and psychological characteristics, changes in these characteristics immediately after rehabilitation can predict health-care utilization...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186635/identification-of-indirect-effects-in-a-cognitive-patient-education-cope-intervention-for-low-back-pain
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gemma Mansell, Kjersti Storheim, Ida Løchting, Erik L Werner, Margreth Grotle
Background: Many interventions for the treatment of low back pain exist, but the mechanisms through which such treatments work are not always clear. This situation is especially true for biopsychosocial interventions that incorporate several different components and methods of delivery. Objective: The study objective was to examine the indirect effects of the Cognitive Patient Education (COPE) intervention via illness perceptions, back pain myths, and pain catastrophizing on disability outcome...
December 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171174/the-influence-of-self-efficacy-fear-avoidance-belief-and-coping-styles-on-quality-of-life-for-chinese-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-multi-site-cross-sectional-study
#3
Shizheng Du, Lingli Hu, Yamei Bai, Jianshu Dong, Shengji Jin, Heng Zhang, Ying Zhu
BACKGROUND: As a bio-psycho-social issue, chronic low back pain (CLBP) has been a significant topic in health management, and patients' quality of life (QOL) is gaining extensive attention. Self-efficacy, pain fear-avoidance belief (FAB), and coping styles play important roles in QOL of CLBP patients. However, it remains unclear how self-efficacy and FAB influence QOL through specific coping styles. This study aimed to explore the influencing paths of self-efficacy, FAB and coping styles on QOL of patients with CLBP...
November 23, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112007/trajectories-and-predictors-of-the-long-term-course-of-low-back-pain-cohort-study-with-5-year-follow-up
#4
Ying Chen, Paul Campbell, Victoria Y Strauss, Nadine E Foster, Kelvin P Jordan, Kate M Dunn
Low back pain (LBP) is a major health challenge globally. Research has identified common trajectories of pain over time. We aimed to investigate whether trajectories described in one primary care cohort can be confirmed in another, and to determine the prognostic value of factors collected 5 years prior to the identification of the trajectory. The study was carried out on 281 patients who had consulted primary care for LBP, at that point completed a baseline questionnaire, and then returned a questionnaire at 5-years follow-up plus at least 3 (of 6) subsequent monthly questionnaires...
November 3, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054790/narratives-of-life-with-long-term-low-back-pain-a-follow-up-interview-study
#5
Sanne Angel, Lone Donbæk Jensen, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Krøis Gonge, Niels Buus
BACKGROUND: Long-term low back pain is associated with multiple challenges to a person's identity and social position. Despite efforts to understand the challenges of low back pain, recovery remains a major problem both personally and socially. This indicate a need for a different approach. Although personal stories have been used to extend knowledge of issues that relate to low back pain, they also make it possible to learn about how people understand themselves and their lives. As such, analysis of narratives may provide further insights into people's coping processes and novel insights about how best to support them...
October 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039151/-pain-experience-of-nursing-students-and-the-methods-used-to-cope-with-pain
#6
Tuğba Uzunçakmak, Mahmut Kılıç
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the pain experience of nursing students and the methods used to cope with it. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at the nursing department. Sampling was not used. The study was completed with 264 students. Data were collected using the questionnaire that was prepared by the researchers. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of all students, 76.1% (84...
July 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025059/mindfulness-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-qualitative-analysis
#7
José G Luiggi-Hernandez, Jean Woo, Megan Hamm, Carol M Greco, Debra K Weiner, Natalia E Morone
Objective: Mindfulness is a nonpharmacologic mind-body therapy that has been shown to be effective in older adults with chronic low back pain (cLBP). There are few first-person accounts in the literature that describe the older adult experience and perspective while learning mindfulness and meditation to treat pain. The objective of this study was to investigate dominant themes present in the experiences of older adults applying mindfulness and meditation to cope with cLBP. Design: Qualitative analysis of four focus groups...
August 16, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989073/psychological-features-and-their-relationship-to-movement-based-subgroups-in-people-living-with-low-back-pain
#8
Nicholas V Karayannis, Gwendolen A Jull, Michael K Nicholas, Paul W Hodges
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of higher psychological risk features within movement-based subgroups for people with Low Back Pain (LBP) DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study SETTING: Participants were recruited from physiotherapy clinics and community advertisements. Measures were collected at a university outpatient-based physiotherapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 102 people seeking treatment for LBP INTERVENTIONS: Participants were subgrouped according to three classification schemes: Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment (MDT), Treatment Based Classification (TBC) and O'Sullivan Classification (OSC)...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884717/-clinical-and-emotional-behavioral-characteristics-of-acute-and-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
E Z Yakupov, T S Grigoryeva
AIM: To analyze clinical and emotional/behavioral characteristics of acute and chronic low-back pain that significantly affect quality-of-life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients with pain syndromes were examined using the painDETECT questionnaire, the Visual Analog Scale for Pain, The McGill Pain Questionnaire and laboratory and instrumental methods of neurological assessment. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A 'picture of the patient with acute and chronic pain' was built, a group of patients with neuropathic component of pain was described...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744243/the-odyssey-of-dental-anxiety-from-prehistory-to-the-present-a-narrative-review
#10
REVIEW
Enrico Facco, Gastone Zanette
Dental anxiety (DA) can be considered as a universal phenomenon with a high prevalence worldwide; DA and pain are also the main causes for medical emergencies in the dental office, so their prevention is an essential part of patient safety and overall quality of care. Being DA and its consequences closely related to the fight-or-flight reaction, it seems reasonable to argue that the odyssey of DA began way back in the distant past, and has since probably evolved in parallel with the development of fight-or-flight reactions, implicit memory and knowledge, and ultimately consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684921/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-german-pain-solutions-questionnaire-an-instrument-to-measure-assimilative-and-accommodative-coping-in-response-to-chronic-pain
#11
Robert Sielski, Julia Anna Glombiewski, Winfried Rief, Geert Crombez, Antonia Barke
According to the dual process model of coping, assimilative or accommodative strategies can be applied to deal with aversive life situations. In people with chronic pain, the tenacious focus on achieving analgesia is often referred to as assimilative coping and associated with more disability and catastrophic thinking. In contrast, accommodative coping (accepting one's pain and setting new goals) appears to have beneficial effects. To assess how people with chronic pain use these different coping strategies, questionnaires measuring these concepts are needed...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592147/efficiency-of-three-treatment-strategies-on-occupational-and-quality-of-life-impairments-for-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-is-the-multidisciplinary-approach-the-key-feature-to-success
#12
Yoann Ronzi, Ghislaine Roche-Leboucher, Cyril Bègue, Valerie Dubus, Luc Bontoux, Yves Roquelaure, Isabelle Richard, Audrey Petit
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of three treatment strategies for chronic low back pain with varying biomechanical intensity and multidisciplinary approach. METHODS: A monocentric randomized controlled trial with a 12-months follow-up, conducted in the French Valley Loire region from May 2009 to April 2013. Participants were working-aged patients with chronic low back pain referred to a French chronic low back pain care-network to support medical and occupational issues...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533696/experience-of-dysmenorrhea-among-a-group-of-physical-therapy-students-from-cairo-university-an-exploratory-study
#13
Dalia M Kamel, Sayed A Tantawy, Gehan A Abdelsamea
INTRODUCTION: Dysmenorrhea is a condition describing the painful cramps that women feel before or during the menstrual period. While dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecologic complaint affecting adolescent and young women and there has been significant progress in understanding its pathophysiology and managing the symptoms, many young women do not seek medical consultation and remain untreated. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its physical impact, and associated coping behaviors among university students...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500130/a-seizure-induced-t8-burst-fracture-re-presenting-as-an-acute-abdomen
#14
Radford Arran James Smith, Nigel Poland, Simon Cope
A male aged 44 years presented to the emergency department with a 1-week history of intermittent right-sided abdominal pain radiating to the midline. Examination demonstrated a tender right upper quadrant with voluntary guarding and a low grade fever. One week previously, he had been admitted to hospital after an isolated, self-terminating seizure secondary to an deliberate venlafaxine overdose. His upper abdominal symptoms started immediately postseizure but at the time were attributed to musculoskeletal chest pain by the discharging team...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#15
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
September 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405174/predicting-the-occurrence-of-headache-and-back-pain-in-young-adults-by-biopsychological-characteristics-assessed-at-childhood-or-adolescence
#16
Birgit Kröner-Herwig, Anastasia Gorbunova, Jennifer Maas
The aim of the current study was to identify predictors of recurrent headache and back pain in young adults (aged 18-27 years) from data assessed in childhood or adolescence, i.e., 9 years before the final survey. Our interest was whether psychological characteristics contribute to the risk of pain prevalence in adult age when controlling for already empirically supported risk factors such as parental pain, pediatric pain and sex. The study was part of a five-wave epidemiological investigation of >5000 families with children aged between 7 and 14 years when addressed first...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401656/improving-access-to-better-care-for-people-with-knee-and-or-hip-pain-service-evaluation-of-allied-health-professional-led-primary-care
#17
A Walker, R Williams, F Sibley, D Stamp, A Carter, M Hurley
INTRODUCTION: Chronic knee and hip pain is prevalent, impairing mobility, function and quality of life. Allied health professions (AHPs) are better trained and have more time than general practitioners in primary care to advise and support people to adopt healthier lifestyles (maintain healthy weight, increase physical activity) that reduce joint pain. We evaluated whether AHP-led primary care delivering person-centred, practical lifestyle coaching was a feasible, effective way to manage chronic knee and/or hip pain...
April 12, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384682/interactive-voice-response-based-self-management-for-chronic-back-pain-the-copes-noninferiority-randomized-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alicia A Heapy, Diana M Higgins, Joseph L Goulet, Kathryn M LaChappelle, Mary A Driscoll, Rebecca A Czlapinski, Eugenia Buta, John D Piette, Sarah L Krein, Robert D Kerns
Importance: Recommendations for chronic pain treatment emphasize multimodal approaches, including nonpharmacologic interventions to enhance self-management. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment that facilitates management of chronic pain and improves outcomes, but access barriers persist. Cognitive behavioral therapy delivery assisted by health technology can obviate the need for in-person visits, but the effectiveness of this alternative to standard therapy is unknown...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374448/-i-call-it-stinkin-thinkin-a-qualitative-analysis-of-metacognition-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-elevated-catastrophizing
#19
Robert Schütze, Clare Rees, Helen Slater, Anne Smith, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Pain catastrophizing is widely studied in quantitative pain research because of its strong link with poor pain outcomes, although the exact nature of this construct remains unclear. Focusing on its ruminative dimension, the present qualitative study aimed to explore a nascent aspect of pain catastrophizing - metacognition - by documenting people's attitudes towards rumination and examining how these metacognitions might influence the course it takes. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364336/reduced-instantaneous-center-of-rotation-movement-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#20
Peemongkon Wattananon, Nattaporn Intawachirarat, Marco Cannella, Won Sung, Sheri P Silfies
PURPOSE: The instantaneous center of rotation (ICR) can be used to investigate movement coordination and control in patients with low back pain (LBP). Tracking of the ICR in LBP patients has not been systematically investigated. This study aimed to (1) determine the within-session measurement error of ICR parameters, and (2) characterize the change in ICR among three groups of participants (no history of LBP = HC; history of LBP = HLBP; and current LBP = LBP). METHODS: Ninety-three participants (HC = 31; HLBP = 33; and LBP = 29) were recruited...
March 31, 2017: European Spine Journal
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