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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320375/psychological-risk-and-protective-factors-for-disability-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-longitudinal-analysis-in-primary-care
#1
Nikita Roman A Jegan, Markus Brugger, Annika Viniol, Konstantin Strauch, Jürgen Barth, Erika Baum, Corinna Leonhardt, Annette Becker
BACKGROUND: Utilizing psychological resources when dealing with chronic low back pain might aid the prevention of disability. The observational study at hand examined the longitudinal impact of resilience and coping resources on disability in addition to established risk factors. METHODS: Four hundred eighty four patients with chronic low back pain (>3 months) were recruited in primary care practices and followed up for one year. Resilience, coping, depression, somatization, pain and demographic variables were measured at baseline...
March 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263227/who-benefits-most-from-individualized-physiotherapy-or-advice-for-low-back-disorders-a-pre-planned-effect-modifier-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Andrew J Hahne, Jon J Ford, Matthew C Richards, Luke D Surkitt, Alexander Yp Chan, Sarah L Slater, Nicholas F Taylor
STUDY DESIGN: A pre-planned effect modifier analysis of the Specific Treatment of Problems of the Spine (STOPS) randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics associated with larger or smaller treatment effects in people with low back disorders undergoing either individualized physical therapy or guideline-based advice. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Identifying subgroups of people who attain a larger or smaller benefit from particular treatments has been identified as a high research priority for low back disorders...
March 3, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173771/a-survey-of-healthcare-providers-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-pain-relief-in-labor-for-women-in-ethiopia
#3
Mary McCauley, Catriona Stewart, Birhanu Kebede
BACKGROUND: To explore healthcare providers' knowledge and attitudes to the need for pain relief for women in labor. METHODS: A structured questionnaire (n = 200) distributed to healthcare providers working in the obstetric departments, including theatres, of three public hospitals in different settings (rural, peri-urban and urban) in Ethiopia. Descriptive analysis was performed using Excel 2013 and SPSS version 22 for associations. RESULTS: The response rate was 81...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138782/clinical-classes-of-injured-workers-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-latent-class-analysis-with-relationship-to-working-status
#4
Lisa C Carlesso, Y Raja Rampersaud, Aileen M Davis
PURPOSE: To determine (a) clinical classes of injured workers with chronic low back pain (CLBP), (b) predictors of class membership and (c) associations of classes with baseline work status. METHODS: Patients with CLBP from a tertiary care outpatient clinic in Toronto, Canada were sampled. Latent class analysis was applied to determine class structure using physical, psychological and coping indicators. Classes were interpreted by class-specific means and analyzed for predictors of membership...
January 31, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087567/interventions-to-increase-adherence-to-therapeutic-exercise-in-older-adults-with-low-back-pain-and-or-hip-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Philippa J A Nicolson, Kim L Bennell, Fiona L Dobson, Ans Van Ginckel, Melanie A Holden, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether interventions aimed at increasing adherence to therapeutic exercise increase adherence greater than a contextually equivalent control among older adults with chronic low back pain and/or hip/knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Five databases (MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, SportDISCUS (EBSCO), Embase (Ovid) and Cochrane Library) were searched until 1 August 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials that isolated the effects of interventions aiming to improve adherence to therapeutic exercise among adults ≥45 years of age with chronic low back pain and/or hip/knee osteoarthritis were included...
January 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884688/severe-pain-in-veterans-the-effect-of-age-and-sex-and-comparisons-with-the-general-population
#6
Richard L Nahin
This study provides national prevalence estimates of US military veterans with severe pain, and compares veterans with nonveterans of similar age and sex. Data used are from the 2010 to 2014 National Health Interview Survey on 67,696 adults who completed the Adult Functioning and Disability Supplement. Participants with severe pain were identified using a validated pain severity coding system imbedded in the National Health Interview Survey Adult Functioning and Disability Supplement. It was estimated that 65...
March 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870739/performance-of-the-angle-labor-pain-questionnaire-during-initiation-of-epidural-analgesia-in-early-active-labor
#7
Pamela J Angle, Christine Kurtz Landy, Jasmine Djordjevic, Jon Barrett, Alanna Kibbe, Saiena Sriparamananthan, Yuna Lee, Lydia Hamata, Pearl Zaki, Alex Kiss
BACKGROUND: The Angle Labor Pain Questionnaire (A-LPQ) is a new, 22-item multidimensional psychometric questionnaire that measures the 5 most important dimensions of women's childbirth pain experiences using 5 subscales: The Enormity of the Pain, Fear/Anxiety, Uterine Contraction Pain, Birthing Pain, and Back Pain/Long Haul. Previous work showed that the A-LPQ has overall good psychometric properties and performance during early active labor in women without pain relief. The current study assessed the tool's sensitivity to change during initiation of labor epidural analgesia with the standardized response mean (SRM, primary outcome)...
December 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844327/relationships-between-sleep-quality-and-pain-related-factors-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-tests-of-reciprocal-and-time-of-day-effects
#8
James I Gerhart, John W Burns, Kristina M Post, David A Smith, Laura S Porter, Helen J Burgess, Erik Schuster, Asokumar Buvanendran, Anne Marie Fras, Francis J Keefe
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality among people with chronic low back pain appears to be related to worse pain, affect, poor physical function, and pain catastrophizing. The causal direction between poor sleep and pain remains an open question, however, as does whether sleep quality exerts effects on low back pain differently across the course of the day. PURPOSE: This daily diary study examined lagged temporal associations between prior night sleep quality and subsequent day pain, affect, physical function and pain catastrophizing, the reverse lagged temporal associations between prior day pain-related factors and subsequent night sleep quality, and whether the time of day during which an assessment was made moderated these temporal associations...
November 14, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826213/management-of-moderate-to-severe-chronic-low-back-pain-with-buprenorphine-buccal-film-using-novel-bioerodible-mucoadhesive-technology
#9
REVIEW
Joseph V Pergolizzi, Robert B Raffa, Charles Fleischer, Gianpietro Zampogna, Robert Taylor
With a global prevalence of ~9%-12%, low back pain (LBP) is a serious public health issue, associated with high costs for treatment and lost productivity. Chronic LBP (cLBP) involves central sensitization, a neuropathic pain component, and may induce maladaptive coping strategies and depression. Treating cLBP is challenging, and current treatment options are not fully satisfactory. A new BioErodible MucoAdhesive (BEMA(®)) delivery system for buprenorphine has been developed to treat cLBP. The buccal buprenorphine (BBUP) film developed for this product (Belbuca™) allows for rapid delivery and titration over a greater range of doses than was previously available with transdermal buprenorphine systems...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784343/patterns-of-association-of-chronic-medical-conditions-and-major-depression
#10
S B Patten, J V A Williams, D H Lavorato, J L Wang, N Jetté, T T Sajobi, K M Fiest, A G M Bulloch
AIMS: Age and sex-related patterns of association between medical conditions and major depressive episodes (MDE) are important for understanding disease burden, anticipating clinical needs and for formulating etiological hypotheses. General population estimates are especially valuable because they are not distorted by help-seeking behaviours. However, even large population surveys often deliver inadequate precision to adequately describe such patterns. In this study, data from a set of national surveys were pooled to increase precision, supporting more precise characterisation of these associations...
October 27, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707686/effects-of-the-web-behavior-change-program-for-activity-and-multimodal-pain-rehabilitation-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Catharina A Nordin, Peter Michaelson, Gunvor Gard, Margareta K Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Web-based interventions with a focus on behavior change have been used for pain management, but studies of Web-based interventions integrated in clinical practice are lacking. To emphasize the development of cognitive skills and behavior, and to increase activity and self-care in rehabilitation, the Web Behavior Change Program for Activity (Web-BCPA) was developed and added to multimodal pain rehabilitation (MMR). OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the effects of MMR in combination with the Web-BCPA compared with MMR among persons with persistent musculoskeletal pain in primary health care on pain intensity, self-efficacy, and copying, as part of a larger collection of data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685468/the-angle-labor-pain-questionnaire-reliability-validity-sensitivity-to-change-and-responsiveness-during-early-active-labor-without-pain-relief
#12
Pamela Angle, Christine Kurtz Landy, Jasmine Djordjevic, Jon Barrett, Alanna Kibbe, Saiena Sriparamananthan, Yuna Lee, Lydia Hamata, Alex Kiss
OBJECTIVES: The Angle Labor Pain Questionnaire (A-LPQ) is a new, condition-specific, multidimensional psychometric instrument which measures the most important dimensions of women's childbirth pain experiences using 5 subscales: The Enormity of the Pain, Fear/Anxiety, Uterine Contraction Pain, Birthing Pain and Back Pain/Long Haul. This study assessed the A-LPQ's test-retest reliability during early active labor without pain relief. METHODS: Two versions of the A-LPQ were randomly administered during 2 test sessions separated by a 20 minute window...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683838/factors-associated-with-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-elders-with-acute-low-back-pain-data-from-the-study-back-complaints-in-the-elders-bace
#13
Luiza F Teixeira, Leani S M Pereira, Silvia L A Silva, João M D Dias, Rosângela C Dias
Background: The attitudes and beliefs that older people have about acute low back pain (LBP) may influence the coping mechanisms and the adoption of treatment strategies in this population. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the attitudes and beliefs of elderly patients with acute low back pain using the Back Beliefs Questionnaire. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with a subsample of the study "Back Complaints in the Elders" (BACE), composed of 532 older Brazilians of both genders with acute LBP...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676761/interest-of-a-postural-analysis-on-a-force-platform-during-a-functional-restoration-program
#14
Joséphine Métréau, Frédéric Brogniart, Claude Grandjean, Bertrand Morineaux
OBJECTIVE: Postural balance is ensured by the involvement of several coping strategies. There is however an alteration of the proprioceptive system with chronic low back pain patients making it vulnerable to any type of disruptive force (endogenous and exogenous) and physiologically compensated by the postural system. The aim of this study is to measure the postural changes during a functional restoration protocol. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Were included in this study, 8 chronic low back pain patients, seen in consultation before being included in the rehabilitative care unit of the Bourbonne-les-Bains Hospital as part of a functional restoration protocol for 5-6 weeks...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669130/comparison-of-two-angles-of-approach-for-trigger-point-dry-needling-of-the-lumbar-multifidus-in-human-donors-cadavers
#15
Mary C Hannah, Janet Cope, Alec Palermo, Walker Smith, Valerie Wacker
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive comparison study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of two needle angle approaches for dry needling of the lumbar multifidus. BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a leading cause of disability around the world; the lumbar multifidus plays a vital role in low back health. Manual therapy such as dry needling can improve pain mediation and motor control activation of the lumbar multifidus. Clinicians practicing dry needling at the lumbar multifidus typically use an inferomedial approach considered non-controversial...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658771/current-experience-of-spinal-neuromodulation-in-chronic-pain-is-there-a-role-in-children-and-young-people
#16
REVIEW
David Pang
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain in children has been an under-recognized problem compared to adult pain. The aim of management is to help children and their families cope with the symptoms rather than a cure. Current medical treatments to reduce pain intensity are often short lived, poorly tolerated or ineffective. RESULTS: The use of electrical stimulation to treat pain is the current basis of modern Neuromodulation at the spinal cord and has been well established as spinal cord stimulation in adult practice...
January 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608577/musculoskeletal-neck-and-back-pain-in-undergraduate-dental-students-at-a-uk-dental-school-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
S Vijay, M Ide
Objective Limited data exist on musculoskeletal problems within dental students: we aimed to determine the prevalence of these disorders.Design Single centre cross-sectional study.Setting A UK Dental School 2015.Methods Students completed a modified Nordic pain questionnaire.Main outcome measures Self-reported frequency and severity of pain, fitness and coping strategies.Results 63% of 390 respondents were female and 75% aged under 23. Seventy-nine percent experienced pain with 42% experiencing pain for 30 or more days in the past year...
September 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590785/coping-strategies-have-a-strong-impact-on-quality-of-life-depression-and-embitterment-in-patients-with-cushing-s-disease
#18
Sonja Siegel, Monika Milian, Bernadette Kleist, Tsambika Psaras, Maria Tsiogka, Dagmar Führer, Maria Koltowska-Häggström, Jürgen Honegger, Oliver Müller, Ulrich Sure, Christa Menzel, Michael Buchfelder, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial well-being are substantially impaired in patients with Cushing's disease (CD), not only at the acute illness stage but also after therapy; however, the reason for these impairments remains unclear. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, patient-reported outcome study, we conducted a postal survey on psychosocial impairment and coping strategies in patients after surgical treatment of CD in three large tertiary referral centers...
December 2016: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583445/causal-attribution-and-coping-maxims-differences-between-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-suffering-from-back-pain-in-switzerland
#19
Sarah Mantwill, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating the relationship between causal attributions and coping maxims in people suffering from back pain. Further, it aimed at identifying in how far causal attributions and related coping maxims would defer between immigrants and non-immigrants in Switzerland. METHODS: Data for this study came from a larger survey study that was conducted among immigrant populations in the German- and Italian-speaking part of Switzerland. Included in the analyses were native Swiss participants, as well as Albanian- and Serbian-speaking immigrants, who had indicated to have suffered from back pain within the last 12 months prior to the study...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559450/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-nursing-low-back-pain-predictor-questionnaire-focusing-on-nurses-suffering-from-chronic-low-back-pain-in-iran
#20
Leila Ghadyani, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Joan Wagner
STUDY DESIGN: Development and psychometric evaluation. PURPOSE: Design and psychometric assessment of the Nursing Low Back Pain Predictor Questionnaire addressing nurses suffering from chronic low back pain in Iran. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Low back pain is the most prevalent behavior-related health problem among nurses, and it needs to be assessed through a validated multi-factorial questionnaire, using the premises of the social cognitive theory...
August 2016: Asian Spine Journal
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