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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913966/somatocognitive-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-gynaecological-pain-a-review-of-current-approach-and-historical-background
#1
Gro Killi Haugstad, Unni Kirste, Siv Leganger, Elin Haakonsen, Tor S Haugstad
Introduction We have developed somatocognitive therapy as a hybrid of Mensendieck physiotherapy and cognitive psychotherapy. Womenwith chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and vulvodynia (chronic pain of the vulvae and vestibulum, VD) were recruited into two separate treatment protocols as described. Methods 60 patients with CPP were recruited from the Department of Gynaecology at the Oslo University Hospital into a randomized, controlled intervention study. The patients were randomized into three treatment groups, receiving (1) treatment as usual, (2) somatocognitive therapy, and (3) in addition receiving cognitive therapy...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913651/effectiveness-of-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-treatment-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-in-a-primary-health-care-unit
#2
Klaus Felix Stein, Adriana Miclescu
Background In recent years, multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) became an alternative treatment option for chronic non-cancer pain. MDR is mostly available in specialized pain units, usually at rehabilitation centers where the level of knowledge and therapeutically options to treat pain conditions are considered to be high. There is strong evidence that MDR in specialized pain units is affecting pain and improves the quality of life in a sustainable manner. There are few studies about MDR outcome in primary health care, especially in those units situated in rural areas and with a different population than that encountered in specialized hospitals...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908933/diminished-kinesthetic-and-visual-motor-imagery-ability-in-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
Roy La Touche, Mónica Grande-Alonso, Ferran Cuenca-Martínez, Luis Gónzalez-Ferrero, Luis Suso-Martí, Alba Paris-Alemany
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is the most prevalent musculoskeletal problem among adults. It has been observed that patients with chronic pain have maladaptive neuroplastic changes and difficulty in imagination processes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of patients with chronic LBP (CLBP) to generate kinesthetic and visual motor images and the time they spent on this mental task compared with asymptomatic participants. DESIGN: Prospective, A cross-sectional study...
June 14, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864506/spouse-criticism-hostility-toward-partners-with-chronic-pain-the-role-of-spouse-attributions-for-patient-control-over-pain-behaviors
#4
John W Burns, James Gerhart, Kristina M Post, David A Smith, Laura S Porter, Asokumar Buvanendran, Anne Marie Fras, Francis J Keefe
Spouse attributions regarding displays of pain behaviors by their partners with chronic pain may account for subsequent increases in spouse critical/hostile responses toward their partners. People with chronic low back pain (n = 105) and their pain-free spouses (n = 105) completed electronic diary measures five times per day for 14 consecutive days. Key items assessed spouse observations of patient pain behavior, attributions regarding these behaviors, and spouse critical/hostile responses toward patients...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848306/factors-related-to-work-ability-and-well-being-among-women-on-sick-leave-due-to-long-term-pain-in-the-neck-shoulders-and-or-back-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Mamunur Rashid, Marja-Leena Kristofferzon, Marina Heiden, Annika Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal pain is one of the leading causes of sick leave, especially among women, in Western countries. The aim of the present study was to identify factors associated with work ability and well-being, respectively, among women on sick leave due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a correlational design was conducted on women who were sick-listed due to long-term pain in the neck/shoulders and/or back...
May 30, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794295/chronic-pain-experience-and-pain-management-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-nepal
#6
Sagun Thapa, Luppana Kitrungrote, Jintana Damkliang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic pain is the frequent and significantly challenging complications in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Socio-cultural background may lead people perceive and manage pain differently. The study aims to describe the chronic pain experience and pain management of SCI persons in Nepal. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among purposively selected sample of 120 SCI persons with chronic pain living in the eight districts of Bagmati Zone of Nepal...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788920/a-focus-group-study-to-understand-biases-and-confounders-in-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-on-low-back-pain-in-primary-care-in-norway
#7
Erik L Werner, Ida Løchting, Kjersti Storheim, Margreth Grotle
BACKGROUND: Cluster randomized controlled trials are often used in research in primary care but creates challenges regarding biases and confounders. We recently presented a study on low back pain from primary care in Norway with equal effects in the intervention and the control group. In order to understand the specific mechanisms that may produce biases in a cluster randomized trial we conducted a focus group study among the participating health care providers. The aim of this study was to understand how the participating providers themselves influenced on the study and thereby possibly on the results of the cluster randomized controlled trial...
May 22, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785466/effect-of-reassuring-information-about-musculoskeletal-and-mental-health-complaints-at-the-workplace-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-the-atwork-intervention
#8
Tone Langjordet Johnsen, Hege Randi Eriksen, Valborg Baste, Aage Indahl, Magnus Odeen, Torill Helene Tveito
Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible difference between the Modified atWork intervention (MAW) and the Original atWork intervention (OAW) on sick leave and other health related outcomes. atWork is a group intervention using the workplace as an arena for distribution of evidence-based knowledge about musculoskeletal and mental health complaints. Methods A cluster randomized controlled trial with 93 kindergartens, comprising a total of 1011 employees, was conducted. Kindergartens were stratified by county and size and randomly allocated to MAW (45 clusters, 324 respondents) or OAW (48 clusters, 313 respondents)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781651/exposure-and-cbt-for-chronic-back-pain-an-rct-on-differential-efficacy-and-optimal-length-of-treatment
#9
Julia Anna Glombiewski, Sebastian Holzapfel, Jenny Riecke, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Jeroen de Jong, Gunnar Lemmer, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to establish whether Exposure, a specialized tailored treatment for chronic low back pain, has any advantages over cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) among individuals with high fear-avoidance levels. Second, we planned to compare short and long versions of Exposure. Third, we aimed to investigate whether Exposure can be delivered in an outpatient psychological setting. METHOD: A total of 88 Caucasian participants (55% women) were randomized to three different psychological treatment conditions, Exposure-long, Exposure-short, and CBT...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701812/pain-intensity-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-does-age-matter
#10
Markus Wettstein, Wolfgang Eich, Christiane Bieber, Jonas Tesarz
Objective: Nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a frequent medical condition among middle-aged and older adults. Its detrimental consequences for functional ability and quality of life are well known. However, less is known about associations of chronological age with disability and well-being among CLBP patients. Coping with pain may be harder with advancing age due to additional age-associated losses of physical, sensory, and other resources, resulting in higher disability and lower quality of life...
April 25, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672748/biopsychosocial-profiles-and-functional-correlates-in-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-preliminary-study
#11
Debra K Weiner, Angela Gentili, Katherine Coffey-Vega, Natalia Morone, Michelle Rossi, Subashan Perera
Objective: To describe key peripheral and central nervous system (CNS) conditions in a group of older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and their association with pain severity and self-reported and performance-based physical function. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Outpatient VA clinics. Subjects: Forty-seven community-dwelling veterans with CLBP (age 68.0 ± 6.5 years, range = 60-88 years, 12.8% female, 66% white) participated...
April 16, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618700/-methods-of-coping-with-musculoskeletal-pain-among-community-dwelling-elderly-individuals
#12
Saori Anzai, Miyuki Sato, Shinpei Ikeda, Yoshitaka Shiba, Hiroto Yoshida, Hiroshi Haga, Shouzoh Ueki
Objectives Musculoskeletal pain impairs vital function and results in a requirement for long-term care. According to studies in other countries, a program that aims at reducing pain through instructions for pain-coping should be implemented. In Japan, a study on pain-coping has recently been initiated; however, the methods of coping with pain that are implemented by community-dwelling elderly individuals have not been evaluated. This study aimed to clarify the methods currently used for coping with musculoskeletal pain and to examine their association with the state of pain among community-dwelling elderly individuals...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609197/the-impact-of-illness-perceptions-and-coping-on-the-association-between-back-pain-and-health-outcomes-in-patients-suspected-of-axial-spondyloarthritis-data-from-the-space-cohort
#13
Miranda van Lunteren, Margreet Scharloo, Zineb Ez-Zaitouni, Anoek de Koning, Robert Landewé, Camilla Fongen, Roberta Ramonda, Ad A Kaptein, Floris A van Gaalen, Désirée van der Heijde
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if illness perceptions and coping influence the relationship between back pain and health outcomes in patients suspected of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: In the SPACE cohort regression models were computed at baseline with back pain intensity (0-10) as determinant and health-related quality of life (HRQoL; physical (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) of the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)) or work productivity loss (WPL) as outcomes...
April 2, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573870/what-low-back-pain-is-and-why-we-need-to-pay-attention
#14
REVIEW
Jan Hartvigsen, Mark J Hancock, Alice Kongsted, Quinette Louw, Manuela L Ferreira, Stéphane Genevay, Damian Hoy, Jaro Karppinen, Glenn Pransky, Joachim Sieper, Rob J Smeets, Martin Underwood
Low back pain is a very common symptom. It occurs in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries and all age groups from children to the elderly population. Globally, years lived with disability caused by low back pain increased by 54% between 1990 and 2015, mainly because of population increase and ageing, with the biggest increase seen in low-income and middle-income countries. Low back pain is now the leading cause of disability worldwide. For nearly all people with low back pain, it is not possible to identify a specific nociceptive cause...
March 20, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455481/-mid-term-follow-up-and-coping-strategies-of-bone-cement-leakage-after-percutaneous-kyphoplasty
#15
Qi-Cai Sun, Xuan-Liang Ru, Bai-Shan Song, Qun-Li Duanmu
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 17 patients with bone cement leakage after percutaneous kyphoplasty and explore the leakage type and mid-term clinical effects. METHODS: The clinical data of 17 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures occurred bone cement leakage after percutaneous kyphoplasty from October 2011 to October 2016 were collected. There were 7 males and 10 females, aged from 68 to 87 years old with an average of 78 years...
September 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440143/exploring-the-lived-experience-and-chronic-low-back-pain-beliefs-of-english-speaking-punjabi-and-white-british-people-a-qualitative-study-within-the-nhs
#16
Gurpreet Singh, Christopher Newton, Kieran O'Sullivan, Andrew Soundy, Nicola R Heneghan
INTRODUCTION: Disabling chronic low back pain (CLBP) is associated with negative beliefs and behaviours, which are influenced by culture, religion and interactions with healthcare practitioners (HCPs). In the UK, HCPs encounter people from different cultures and ethnic backgrounds, with South Asian Indians (including Punjabis) forming the largest ethnic minority group. Better understanding of the beliefs and experiences of ethnic minorities with CLBP might inform effective management...
February 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258726/a-systematic-review-of-outcome-measures-utilised-to-assess-self-management-in-clinical-trials-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#17
REVIEW
Anirban Banerjee, Paul Hendrick, Purba Bhattacharjee, Holly Blake
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to identify, appraise and synthesise the outcome measures used to assess self-management in patients with chronic pain. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar were searched to identify quantitative measures used within randomised or non-randomised clinical trials to assess self-management in adults (≥18 years) with chronic pain. RESULTS: 25 RCTs published between 1998 and 2016 were included in this review...
May 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225944/biopsychosocial-factors-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-disability-in-rural-nigeria-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Chinonso Nwamaka Igwesi-Chidobe, Bolaji Coker, Chika N Onwasigwe, Isaac O Sorinola, Emma L Godfrey
Introduction: Many people in Nigeria are living with disability due to chronic low back pain (CLBP), with the greatest burden accounted for by people living in rural Nigeria. However, factors associated with disability in rural Nigeria have not yet been established. We investigated the biomechanical and psychosocial predictors of CLBP disability in a rural Nigerian population. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adults with non-specific CLBP recruited from rural communities in Enugu State, South-eastern Nigeria...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212489/health-care-utilization-of-patients-with-chronic-back-pain-before-and-after-rehabilitation
#19
Magdalena Görge, Jeanette Ziehm, Erik Farin
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic back pain show an increased use of health-care services leading to high direct costs. Multidisciplinary rehabilitation reduces pain intensity, depression, disability and work inability. The study aims to investigate whether health-care utilization in patients with chronic back pain is lower after rehabilitation than before rehabilitation and if, in addition to sociodemographic, medical and psychological characteristics, changes in these characteristics immediately after rehabilitation can predict health-care utilization...
December 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186635/identification-of-indirect-effects-in-a-cognitive-patient-education-cope-intervention-for-low-back-pain
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gemma Mansell, Kjersti Storheim, Ida Løchting, Erik L Werner, Margreth Grotle
Background: Many interventions for the treatment of low back pain exist, but the mechanisms through which such treatments work are not always clear. This situation is especially true for biopsychosocial interventions that incorporate several different components and methods of delivery. Objective: The study objective was to examine the indirect effects of the Cognitive Patient Education (COPE) intervention via illness perceptions, back pain myths, and pain catastrophizing on disability outcome...
December 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
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