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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744243/the-odyssey-of-dental-anxiety-from-prehistory-to-the-present-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Enrico Facco, Gastone Zanette
Dental anxiety (DA) can be considered as a universal phenomenon with a high prevalence worldwide; DA and pain are also the main causes for medical emergencies in the dental office, so their prevention is an essential part of patient safety and overall quality of care. Being DA and its consequences closely related to the fight-or-flight reaction, it seems reasonable to argue that the odyssey of DA began way back in the distant past, and has since probably evolved in parallel with the development of fight-or-flight reactions, implicit memory and knowledge, and ultimately consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684921/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-german-pain-solutions-questionnaire-an-instrument-to-measure-assimilative-and-accommodative-coping-in-response-to-chronic-pain
#2
Robert Sielski, Julia Anna Glombiewski, Winfried Rief, Geert Crombez, Antonia Barke
According to the dual process model of coping, assimilative or accommodative strategies can be applied to deal with aversive life situations. In people with chronic pain, the tenacious focus on achieving analgesia is often referred to as assimilative coping and associated with more disability and catastrophic thinking. In contrast, accommodative coping (accepting one's pain and setting new goals) appears to have beneficial effects. To assess how people with chronic pain use these different coping strategies, questionnaires measuring these concepts are needed...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592147/efficiency-of-three-treatment-strategies-on-occupational-and-quality-of-life-impairments-for-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-is-the-multidisciplinary-approach-the-key-feature-to-success
#3
Yoann Ronzi, Ghislaine Roche-Leboucher, Cyril Bègue, Valerie Dubus, Luc Bontoux, Yves Roquelaure, Isabelle Richard, Audrey Petit
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of three treatment strategies for chronic low back pain with varying biomechanical intensity and multidisciplinary approach. METHODS: A monocentric randomized controlled trial with a 12-months follow-up, conducted in the French Valley Loire region from May 2009 to April 2013. Participants were working-aged patients with chronic low back pain referred to a French chronic low back pain care-network to support medical and occupational issues...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533696/experience-of-dysmenorrhea-among-a-group-of-physical-therapy-students-from-cairo-university-an-exploratory-study
#4
Dalia M Kamel, Sayed A Tantawy, Gehan A Abdelsamea
INTRODUCTION: Dysmenorrhea is a condition describing the painful cramps that women feel before or during the menstrual period. While dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecologic complaint affecting adolescent and young women and there has been significant progress in understanding its pathophysiology and managing the symptoms, many young women do not seek medical consultation and remain untreated. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its physical impact, and associated coping behaviors among university students...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500130/a-seizure-induced-t8-burst-fracture-re-presenting-as-an-acute-abdomen
#5
Radford Arran James Smith, Nigel Poland, Simon Cope
A male aged 44 years presented to the emergency department with a 1-week history of intermittent right-sided abdominal pain radiating to the midline. Examination demonstrated a tender right upper quadrant with voluntary guarding and a low grade fever. One week previously, he had been admitted to hospital after an isolated, self-terminating seizure secondary to an deliberate venlafaxine overdose. His upper abdominal symptoms started immediately postseizure but at the time were attributed to musculoskeletal chest pain by the discharging team...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#6
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
September 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405174/predicting-the-occurrence-of-headache-and-back-pain-in-young-adults-by-biopsychological-characteristics-assessed-at-childhood-or-adolescence
#7
Birgit Kröner-Herwig, Anastasia Gorbunova, Jennifer Maas
The aim of the current study was to identify predictors of recurrent headache and back pain in young adults (aged 18-27 years) from data assessed in childhood or adolescence, i.e., 9 years before the final survey. Our interest was whether psychological characteristics contribute to the risk of pain prevalence in adult age when controlling for already empirically supported risk factors such as parental pain, pediatric pain and sex. The study was part of a five-wave epidemiological investigation of >5000 families with children aged between 7 and 14 years when addressed first...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401656/improving-access-to-better-care-for-people-with-knee-and-or-hip-pain-service-evaluation-of-allied-health-professional-led-primary-care
#8
A Walker, R Williams, F Sibley, D Stamp, A Carter, M Hurley
INTRODUCTION: Chronic knee and hip pain is prevalent, impairing mobility, function and quality of life. Allied health professions (AHPs) are better trained and have more time than general practitioners in primary care to advise and support people to adopt healthier lifestyles (maintain healthy weight, increase physical activity) that reduce joint pain. We evaluated whether AHP-led primary care delivering person-centred, practical lifestyle coaching was a feasible, effective way to manage chronic knee and/or hip pain...
April 12, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384682/interactive-voice-response-based-self-management-for-chronic-back-pain-the-copes-noninferiority-randomized-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alicia A Heapy, Diana M Higgins, Joseph L Goulet, Kathryn M LaChappelle, Mary A Driscoll, Rebecca A Czlapinski, Eugenia Buta, John D Piette, Sarah L Krein, Robert D Kerns
Importance: Recommendations for chronic pain treatment emphasize multimodal approaches, including nonpharmacologic interventions to enhance self-management. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment that facilitates management of chronic pain and improves outcomes, but access barriers persist. Cognitive behavioral therapy delivery assisted by health technology can obviate the need for in-person visits, but the effectiveness of this alternative to standard therapy is unknown...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374448/-i-call-it-stinkin-thinkin-a-qualitative-analysis-of-metacognition-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-elevated-catastrophizing
#10
Robert Schütze, Clare Rees, Helen Slater, Anne Smith, Peter O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Pain catastrophizing is widely studied in quantitative pain research because of its strong link with poor pain outcomes, although the exact nature of this construct remains unclear. Focusing on its ruminative dimension, the present qualitative study aimed to explore a nascent aspect of pain catastrophizing - metacognition - by documenting people's attitudes towards rumination and examining how these metacognitions might influence the course it takes. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study...
April 3, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364336/reduced-instantaneous-center-of-rotation-movement-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#11
Peemongkon Wattananon, Nattaporn Intawachirarat, Marco Cannella, Won Sung, Sheri P Silfies
PURPOSE: The instantaneous center of rotation (ICR) can be used to investigate movement coordination and control in patients with low back pain (LBP). Tracking of the ICR in LBP patients has not been systematically investigated. This study aimed to (1) determine the within-session measurement error of ICR parameters, and (2) characterize the change in ICR among three groups of participants (no history of LBP = HC; history of LBP = HLBP; and current LBP = LBP). METHODS: Ninety-three participants (HC = 31; HLBP = 33; and LBP = 29) were recruited...
March 31, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346472/can-group-based-reassuring-information-alter-low-back-pain-behavior-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Pernille Frederiksen, Aage Indahl, Lars L Andersen, Kim Burton, Rasmus Hertzum-Larsen, Tom Bendix
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is common in the population and multifactorial in nature, often involving negative consequences. Reassuring information to improve coping is recommended for reducing the negative consequences of LBP. Adding a simple non-threatening explanation for the pain (temporary muscular dysfunction) has been successful at altering beliefs and behavior when delivered with other intervention elements. This study investigates the isolated effect of this specific information on future occupational behavior outcomes when delivered to the workforce...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320375/psychological-risk-and-protective-factors-for-disability-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-longitudinal-analysis-in-primary-care
#13
Nikita Roman A Jegan, Markus Brugger, Annika Viniol, Konstantin Strauch, Jürgen Barth, Erika Baum, Corinna Leonhardt, Annette Becker
BACKGROUND: Utilizing psychological resources when dealing with chronic low back pain might aid the prevention of disability. The observational study at hand examined the longitudinal impact of resilience and coping resources on disability in addition to established risk factors. METHODS: Four hundred eighty four patients with chronic low back pain (>3 months) were recruited in primary care practices and followed up for one year. Resilience, coping, depression, somatization, pain and demographic variables were measured at baseline...
March 20, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263227/who-benefits-most-from-individualized-physiotherapy-or-advice-for-low-back-disorders-a-pre-planned-effect-modifier-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Andrew J Hahne, Jon J Ford, Matthew C Richards, Luke D Surkitt, Alexander Yp Chan, Sarah L Slater, Nicholas F Taylor
STUDY DESIGN: A pre-planned effect modifier analysis of the Specific Treatment of Problems of the Spine (STOPS) randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics associated with larger or smaller treatment effects in people with low back disorders undergoing either individualized physical therapy or guideline-based advice. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Identifying subgroups of people who attain a larger or smaller benefit from particular treatments has been identified as a high research priority for low back disorders...
March 3, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173771/a-survey-of-healthcare-providers-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-pain-relief-in-labor-for-women-in-ethiopia
#15
Mary McCauley, Catriona Stewart, Birhanu Kebede
BACKGROUND: To explore healthcare providers' knowledge and attitudes to the need for pain relief for women in labor. METHODS: A structured questionnaire (n = 200) distributed to healthcare providers working in the obstetric departments, including theatres, of three public hospitals in different settings (rural, peri-urban and urban) in Ethiopia. Descriptive analysis was performed using Excel 2013 and SPSS version 22 for associations. RESULTS: The response rate was 81...
February 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138782/clinical-classes-of-injured-workers-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-latent-class-analysis-with-relationship-to-working-status
#16
Lisa C Carlesso, Y Raja Rampersaud, Aileen M Davis
PURPOSE: To determine (a) clinical classes of injured workers with chronic low back pain (CLBP), (b) predictors of class membership and (c) associations of classes with baseline work status. METHODS: Patients with CLBP from a tertiary care outpatient clinic in Toronto, Canada were sampled. Latent class analysis was applied to determine class structure using physical, psychological and coping indicators. Classes were interpreted by class-specific means and analyzed for predictors of membership...
January 31, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087567/interventions-to-increase-adherence-to-therapeutic-exercise-in-older-adults-with-low-back-pain-and-or-hip-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Philippa J A Nicolson, Kim L Bennell, Fiona L Dobson, Ans Van Ginckel, Melanie A Holden, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether interventions aimed at increasing adherence to therapeutic exercise increase adherence greater than a contextually equivalent control among older adults with chronic low back pain and/or hip/knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Five databases (MEDLINE (PubMed), CINAHL, SportDISCUS (EBSCO), Embase (Ovid) and Cochrane Library) were searched until 1 August 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials that isolated the effects of interventions aiming to improve adherence to therapeutic exercise among adults ≥45 years of age with chronic low back pain and/or hip/knee osteoarthritis were included...
May 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884688/severe-pain-in-veterans-the-effect-of-age-and-sex-and-comparisons-with-the-general-population
#18
Richard L Nahin
This study provides national prevalence estimates of US military veterans with severe pain, and compares veterans with nonveterans of similar age and sex. Data used are from the 2010 to 2014 National Health Interview Survey on 67,696 adults who completed the Adult Functioning and Disability Supplement. Participants with severe pain were identified using a validated pain severity coding system imbedded in the National Health Interview Survey Adult Functioning and Disability Supplement. It was estimated that 65...
March 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870739/performance-of-the-angle-labor-pain-questionnaire-during-initiation-of-epidural-analgesia-in-early-active-labor
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Pamela J Angle, Christine Kurtz Landy, Jasmine Djordjevic, Jon Barrett, Alanna Kibbe, Saiena Sriparamananthan, Yuna Lee, Lydia Hamata, Pearl Zaki, Alex Kiss
BACKGROUND: The Angle Labor Pain Questionnaire (A-LPQ) is a new, 22-item multidimensional psychometric questionnaire that measures the 5 most important dimensions of women's childbirth pain experiences using 5 subscales: The Enormity of the Pain, Fear/Anxiety, Uterine Contraction Pain, Birthing Pain, and Back Pain/Long Haul. Previous work showed that the A-LPQ has overall good psychometric properties and performance during early active labor in women without pain relief. The current study assessed the tool's sensitivity to change during initiation of labor epidural analgesia with the standardized response mean (SRM, primary outcome)...
December 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844327/relationships-between-sleep-quality-and-pain-related-factors-for-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain-tests-of-reciprocal-and-time-of-day-effects
#20
James I Gerhart, John W Burns, Kristina M Post, David A Smith, Laura S Porter, Helen J Burgess, Erik Schuster, Asokumar Buvanendran, Anne Marie Fras, Francis J Keefe
BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality among people with chronic low back pain appears to be related to worse pain, affect, poor physical function, and pain catastrophizing. The causal direction between poor sleep and pain remains an open question, however, as does whether sleep quality exerts effects on low back pain differently across the course of the day. PURPOSE: This daily diary study examined lagged temporal associations between prior night sleep quality and subsequent day pain, affect, physical function and pain catastrophizing, the reverse lagged temporal associations between prior day pain-related factors and subsequent night sleep quality, and whether the time of day during which an assessment was made moderated these temporal associations...
November 14, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
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