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Coping back pAin

Catharina A Nordin, Peter Michaelson, Gunvor Gard, Margareta K Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Web-based interventions with a focus on behavior change have been used for pain management, but studies of Web-based interventions integrated in clinical practice are lacking. To emphasize the development of cognitive skills and behavior, and to increase activity and self-care in rehabilitation, the Web Behavior Change Program for Activity (Web-BCPA) was developed and added to multimodal pain rehabilitation (MMR). OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the effects of MMR in combination with the Web-BCPA compared with MMR among persons with persistent musculoskeletal pain in primary health care on pain intensity, self-efficacy, and copying, as part of a larger collection of data...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Pamela Angle, Christine Kurtz Landy, Jasmine Djordjevic, Jon Barrett, Alanna Kibbe, Saiena Sriparamananthan, Yuna Lee, Lydia Hamata, Alex Kiss
OBJECTIVES: The Angle Labor Pain Questionnaire (A-LPQ) is a new, condition-specific, multidimensional psychometric instrument which measures the most important dimensions of women's childbirth pain experiences using 5 subscales: The Enormity of the Pain, Fear/Anxiety, Uterine Contraction Pain, Birthing Pain and Back Pain/Long Haul. This study assessed the A-LPQ's test-retest reliability during early active labor without pain relief. METHODS: Two versions of the A-LPQ were randomly administered during 2 test sessions separated by a 20 minute window...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
Luiza F Teixeira, Leani S M Pereira, Silvia L A Silva, João M D Dias, Rosângela C Dias
Background: The attitudes and beliefs that older people have about acute low back pain (LBP) may influence the coping mechanisms and the adoption of treatment strategies in this population. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with the attitudes and beliefs of elderly patients with acute low back pain using the Back Beliefs Questionnaire. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with a subsample of the study "Back Complaints in the Elders" (BACE), composed of 532 older Brazilians of both genders with acute LBP...
September 15, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Joséphine Métréau, Frédéric Brogniart, Claude Grandjean, Bertrand Morineaux
OBJECTIVE: Postural balance is ensured by the involvement of several coping strategies. There is however an alteration of the proprioceptive system with chronic low back pain patients making it vulnerable to any type of disruptive force (endogenous and exogenous) and physiologically compensated by the postural system. The aim of this study is to measure the postural changes during a functional restoration protocol. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Were included in this study, 8 chronic low back pain patients, seen in consultation before being included in the rehabilitative care unit of the Bourbonne-les-Bains Hospital as part of a functional restoration protocol for 5-6 weeks...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Mary C Hannah, Janet Cope, Alec Palermo, Walker Smith, Valerie Wacker
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive comparison study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of two needle angle approaches for dry needling of the lumbar multifidus. BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a leading cause of disability around the world; the lumbar multifidus plays a vital role in low back health. Manual therapy such as dry needling can improve pain mediation and motor control activation of the lumbar multifidus. Clinicians practicing dry needling at the lumbar multifidus typically use an inferomedial approach considered non-controversial...
September 4, 2016: Manual Therapy
David Pang
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain in children has been an under-recognized problem compared to adult pain. The aim of management is to help children and their families cope with the symptoms rather than a cure. Current medical treatments to reduce pain intensity are often short lived, poorly tolerated or ineffective. RESULTS: The use of electrical stimulation to treat pain is the current basis of modern Neuromodulation at the spinal cord and has been well established as spinal cord stimulation in adult practice...
August 9, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
S Vijay, M Ide
Objective Limited data exist on musculoskeletal problems within dental students: we aimed to determine the prevalence of these disorders.Design Single centre cross-sectional study.Setting A UK Dental School 2015.Methods Students completed a modified Nordic pain questionnaire.Main outcome measures Self-reported frequency and severity of pain, fitness and coping strategies.Results 63% of 390 respondents were female and 75% aged under 23. Seventy-nine percent experienced pain with 42% experiencing pain for 30 or more days in the past year...
September 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
Sonja Siegel, Monika Milian, Bernadette Kleist, Tsambika Psaras, Maria Tsiogka, Dagmar Führer, Maria Koltowska-Häggström, Jürgen Honegger, Oliver Müller, Ulrich Sure, Christa Menzel, Michael Buchfelder, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr
PURPOSE: Quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial well-being are substantially impaired in patients with Cushing's disease (CD), not only at the acute illness stage but also after therapy; however, the reason for these impairments remains unclear. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, patient-reported outcome study, we conducted a postal survey on psychosocial impairment and coping strategies in patients after surgical treatment of CD in three large tertiary referral centers...
September 2, 2016: Pituitary
Sarah Mantwill, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating the relationship between causal attributions and coping maxims in people suffering from back pain. Further, it aimed at identifying in how far causal attributions and related coping maxims would defer between immigrants and non-immigrants in Switzerland. METHODS: Data for this study came from a larger survey study that was conducted among immigrant populations in the German- and Italian-speaking part of Switzerland. Included in the analyses were native Swiss participants, as well as Albanian- and Serbian-speaking immigrants, who had indicated to have suffered from back pain within the last 12 months prior to the study...
2016: PloS One
Leila Ghadyani, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Joan Wagner
STUDY DESIGN: Development and psychometric evaluation. PURPOSE: Design and psychometric assessment of the Nursing Low Back Pain Predictor Questionnaire addressing nurses suffering from chronic low back pain in Iran. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Low back pain is the most prevalent behavior-related health problem among nurses, and it needs to be assessed through a validated multi-factorial questionnaire, using the premises of the social cognitive theory...
August 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Andrew Baird, David Sheffield
Low back pain remains a major health problem with huge societal cost. Biomedical models fail to explain the disability seen in response to reported back pain and therefore patients' beliefs, cognitions and related behaviours have become a focus for both research and practice. This study used the Pain Beliefs Questionnaire and had two aims: To examine the extent to which pain beliefs are related to disability, anxiety and depression; and to assess whether those relationships are mediated by pain self-efficacy and locus of control...
August 19, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Silke Neuderth, Betje Schwarz, Christian Gerlich, Michael Schuler, Miriam Markus, Matthias Bethge
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are one of the most important causes of work disability. Various rehabilitation services and return-to-work programs have been developed in order to reduce sickness absence and increase sustainable return-to-work. As the effects of conventional medical rehabilitation programs on sickness absence duration were shown to be slight, work-related medical rehabilitation programs have been developed and tested. While such studies proved the efficacy of work-related medical rehabilitation compared with conventional medical rehabilitation in well-conducted randomized controlled trials, its effectiveness under real-life conditions has yet to be proved...
2016: BMC Public Health
Pil Lindgreen, Nanna Rolving, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Kirsten Lomborg
BACKGROUND: Patients receiving lumbar spinal fusion surgery often have persisting postoperative pain negatively affecting their daily life. These patients may be helped by interdisciplinary cognitive-behavioral therapy which is recognized as an effective intervention for improving beneficial pain coping behavior, thereby facilitating the rehabilitation process of patients with chronic pain. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the lived experience of patients recovering from lumbar spinal fusion surgery and to explore potential similarities and disparities in pain coping behavior between receivers and nonreceivers of interdisciplinary cognitive-behavioral group therapy...
July 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
Daisuke Higuchi
BACKGROUND: Control over pain and pain coping strategies are associated with pain intensity as well as psychological status and subjective disability in patients experiencing pain. The present study assessed the clinical values of control over pain and pain coping strategies in surgical treatment for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis using mediation analysis. METHODS: Sixty-two patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (median age, 70 years; 34 men, 28 women) were evaluated before surgery...
2016: International Journal of Spine Surgery
N Roessler, C Allen Debeaurepaire, A Deprez, L Tanche, V Pavageau, A Hamain, C Grave, A Yatzimirsky, L Vallée, J Avez-Couturier
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain in children and adolescents has a major impact on their life in terms of school, sleep as well as family and social life. Teenagers aged 13-15 and girls are at the highest risk. Zeltzer et al. established a bio-psychosocial model of chronic pain in 1998 to account for all its dimensions and advocated a multidisciplinary management plan. Programs based on their principles target specific symptoms such as anxiety and loss of function, while treating underlying factors and teaching coping skills to patients and their families...
August 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Shojaei Sarallah, Tavafian Sedigheh Sadat, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi, Wagner Joan
STUDY DESIGN: Psychometric evaluation design. PURPOSE: Psychometric evaluation of a multidisciplinary work-related low back pain predictor questionnaire (MWRLBPPQ) of Iranians patient-care workers based on the social cognitive theory. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Healthcare is one of the professions in which work-related musculoskeletal disorders are prevalent. The chronic low back pain experienced by patient caregivers can negatively impact their professional performance, and patient handling in a hospital is the main cause of low back pain in this population...
June 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Robert Sielski, Winfried Rief, Julia Anna Glombiewski
PURPOSE: The aims of the present analysis were to investigate the short- and long-term efficacy and treatment moderators of biofeedback as a psychological treatment option for chronic back pain. METHOD: A literature search using PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library identified 21 eligible studies including 23 treatment conditions and 1062 patients. RESULTS: Meta-analytic integration resulted in a significant small-to-medium effect size for pain intensity reduction (Hedges' g = 0...
June 15, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Aleksandra E Zgierska, Cindy A Burzinski, Jennifer Cox, John Kloke, Janice Singles, Shilagh Mirgain, Aaron Stegner, Dane B Cook, Miroslav Bačkonja
OBJECTIVE: Although mindfulness meditation (MM) is increasingly used for chronic pain treatment, limited evidence supports its clinical application for opioid-treated chronic low back pain (CLBP). The goal of this study was to determine feasibility, acceptability, and safety of an MM-based intervention in patients with CLBP requiring daily opioid therapy. DESIGN: 26-week pilot randomized controlled trial comparing MM-based intervention, combined with usual care, to usual care alone...
August 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Matthew J Jasinski, Mark A Lumley, Deborah V Latsch, Erik Schuster, Ellen Kinner, John W Burns
Self-report measures of emotional expression are common, but their validity to predict objective emotional expression, particularly of anger, is unclear. We tested the validity of the Anger Expression Inventory (AEI; Spielberger et al., 1985 ), Emotional Approach Coping Scale (EAC; Stanton, Kirk, Cameron, & Danoff-Burg, 2000 ), and Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 (TAS-20; Bagby, Taylor, & Parker, 1994 ) to predict objective anger expression in 95 adults with chronic back pain. Participants attempted to solve a difficult computer maze by following the directions of a confederate who treated them rudely and unjustly...
November 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Nanna Rolving, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Finn Bjarke Christensen, Randi Holm, Cody Eric Bünger, Lisa Gregersen Oestergaard
BACKGROUND: Catastrophic thinking and fear-avoidance belief are negatively influencing severe acute pain following surgery causing delayed ambulation and discharge. We aimed to examine if a preoperative intervention of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) could influence the early postsurgical outcome following lumbar spinal fusion surgery (LSF). METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing LSF due to degenerative spinal disorders were randomly allocated to either the CBT group or the control group...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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