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miRNA, microRNA, Colorectal cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521462/microrna-gene-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#1
Guo-Qiang Rong, Xin-Mei Zhang, Bo Chen, Xiao-Dong Yang, Hao-Rong Wu, Wei Gong
The present study was carried out to demonstrate the epidemiological value of microRNA (miRNA) in colorectal cancer (CRC) by investigating the association between miRNA gene polymorphisms and the susceptibility to CRC. Multiple meta-analyses of reported data were conducted, and odds ratio values and 95% confidence intervals were used to assess these associations. Stata 11.0 software was used to analyze the data and the modified Jadad quality score was employed to evaluate the quality of the retrieved studies...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507795/digital-analysis-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-the-signature-of-rejection-in-colorectal-cancer
#2
Viktor H Koelzer, Lena Sokol, Stefan Zahnd, Lucine Christe, Heather Dawson, Martin D Berger, Daniel Inderbitzin, Inti Zlobec, Alessandro Lugli
The immune system plays a pivotal role in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). Tumor immune rejection has been previously linked to the activation of the interferon-stimulated genes (ISG) STAT1, IRF-5 and IRF-1. Specific immunoregulatory microRNAs (miRNAs) may impact the expression of these ISG in the tumor microenvironment. In this translational study, we develop a digital image analysis protocol to identify the ISG-gene expression signature and investigate miRNA expression in the immediate environment of invading cancer cells...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498456/mir-944-inhibits-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-targeting-macc1-in-colorectal-cancer
#3
Liqiang Wen, Yingru Li, Zhipeng Jiang, Yuchao Zhang, Bin Yang, Fanghai Han
Dysfunction of microRNAs (miRNAs) is strongly proved to participate in the pathogenesis and tumorigenicity of colorectal cancer (CRC). miR-944 was reported to play either oncogenic or tumor suppressive roles in human cancers. A recent study reported that the levels of miR-944 in recurrent CRC patients were evidently lower than that in non-recurrent cases, suggesting that miR-944 may function as a tumor suppressive miRNA in CRC. Yet, the clinical value and biological function of miR-944 remain rarely known in CRC...
April 28, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494187/the-screening-of-the-functional-microrna-binding-site-snps-in-sporadic-colorectal-cancer-genes
#4
Hongjuan He, Lei Lei, Erfei Chen, Xiaona Xu, Lili Wang, Junqiang Pan, Fangfang Yang, Min Wang, Jing Dong, Jin Yang
Sporadic colorectal cancer (sCRC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide, but few genetic markers have been identified and utilized for its early detection. MicroRNAs are diverse cellular regulators in cancer pathogenesis that bind to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of their target mRNAs, and variants within the miRNA target sites on sCRC-related genes may influence its pathogenesis. To investigate this possibility, we used a bioinformatical method to screen SNPs for putative changes in miRNA recognition sites within the 3'-UTR of sCRC-related genes...
May 11, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475173/microrna-30a-attenuates-mutant-kras-driven-colorectal-tumorigenesis-via-direct-suppression-of-me1
#5
Hongxing Shen, Chuan Xing, Kaisa Cui, Yunxiao Li, Jinxiang Zhang, Runlei Du, Xiaodong Zhang, Youjun Li
Frequent KRAS mutations contribute to multiple cancers including ~40% of human colorectal cancers (CRCs). Systematic screening of 1255 microRNAs (miRNAs) identified miR-30a as a synthetic lethal in KRAS-mutant CRC cells. miR-30a was downregulated in CRCs and repressed by P65. miR-30a directly targeted malic enzyme 1 (ME1) and KRAS, and inhibited anchorage-independent growth and in vivo tumorigenesis by KRAS-mutant CRC cells. ME1 was significantly upregulated in KRAS-mutant CRCs. Eliminating ME1 by short hairpin RNA (shRNA) resulted in obviously decreased NADPH production, levels of triglyceride and fatty acid, and an inhibition of tumorigenicity of KRAS-mutant CRCs...
May 5, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469363/importance-of-mir-299-5p-in-colorectal-cancer
#6
Alavieh Fateh, Mohammad Ali Hosseinpour Feizi, Reza Safaralizadeh, Shirin Azarbarzin
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are effective regulators of gene expression that play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) and various other cancers. The high prevalence of aberrant miRNA expression in CRC suggests that they can be used as biomarkers and anticancer molecules for therapeutic purposes. There is evidence that microRNA-299-5p (miR-299-5p) is associated with vital cell processes (e.g. epithelial-mesenchymal transition, proliferation, and tumorigenicity) and its improper expression with tumorigenesis in many types of human cancer...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460469/identification-of-microrna-885-5p-as-a-novel-regulator-of-tumor-metastasis-by-targeting-cpeb2-in-colorectal-cancer
#7
Colin Siu-Chi Lam, Lui Ng, Ariel Ka-Man Chow, Timothy Ming-Hun Wan, Simon Yau, Nathan Shiu-Man Cheng, Sunny Kit-Man Wong, Johnny Hon-Wai Man, Oswens Siu-Hung Lo, Dominic Chi-Chung Foo, Jensen Tung-Chung Poon, Roberta Wen-Chi Pang, Wai-Lun Law
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the world and liver is the most frequent site of distant metastasis with poor prognosis. The aim of this study is to investigate microRNAs leading to liver metastasis. We applied microarray analysis and quantitative PCR to identify and validate dysregulated miRNAs in liver metastases when compared to primary CRCs. Functional significance and the underlying molecular mechanism of selected miRNA was demonstrated by a series of in vitro and in vivo assays. Our microarray analysis and subsequent quantitative PCR validation revealed that miR-885-5p was strongly up-regulated in liver metastases and in CRC cell-lines derived from distant metastases...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454433/deregulation-of-mir-193b-affects-the-growth-of-colon-cancer-cells-via-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-and-regulation-of-the-smad3-pathway
#8
Kaiming Wu, Zhenxian Zhao, Jun Ma, Jianhui Chen, Jianjun Peng, Shibin Yang, Yulong He
MicroRNA-193b (miRNA-193b) is often differentially expressed and is an important regulator of gene expression in colon cancer. The aim of the present study was to determine whether miRNA-193b affects cell growth in colon cancer and to investigate the potential underlying mechanisms. Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC; n=20) and healthy volunteers (n=10) were enrolled from the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University (Guangzhou, China). Western blot analysis was used to evaluate the protein expression of SMAD3 and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) in the patient samples...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454307/mir-141-promotes-colon-cancer-cell-proliferation-by-inhibiting-map2k4
#9
Lei Ding, Li-Li Yu, Ning Han, Bu-Tian Zhang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) can function as tumor-suppressor or oncogenic genes. Upregulation of miRNA-141 has been frequently observed in colorectal cancer (CRC) samples. The experimentally observed targets of miR-141 include the tumor-suppressor gene mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 (MAP2K4). The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR-141 in the proliferation of colonic cancer. Western blotting, immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the expression levels of miR-141 and MAP2K4 in colonic adenocarcinoma (CAC) and adjacent non-cancerous (NC) tissue samples, as well as in human CAC cell lines (HT29, T94 and LS174)...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454255/mir-219-5p-suppresses-the-proliferation-and-invasion-of-colorectal-cancer-cells-by-targeting-calcyphosin
#10
Quhui Wang, Lirong Zhu, Yasu Jiang, Junfei Xu, Feiran Wang, Zhixian He
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs involved in an array of biological processes, and their dysregulation is associated with tumor development and progression. One such miRNA, miR-219-5p, is abnormally expressed in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). In the present study, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to measure miR-219-5p expression in cells from both CRC tumors, and surrounding healthy tissue. MTT and invasion assays were used to determine the role of miR-219-5p in regulating CRC cell proliferation and invasion, respectively...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454212/reciprocal-regulation-between-micrornas-and-epigenetic-machinery-in-colorectal-cancer
#11
Feng Wang, Yanlei Ma, Huamin Wang, Huanlong Qin
Epigenetics encompasses changes in DNA methylation, histone and chromatin structure, and non-coding RNAs, specifically microRNA (miRNA) expression. Recent advances in the rapidly evolving field of colorectal cancer (CRC) epigenetics have revealed a complicated network of reciprocal interconnections between miRNAs and other epigenetic machinery. On the one hand, miRNA expression may be regulated by epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation and histone modifications. However, miRNAs may affect the epigenetic machinery by directly targeting its enzymatic components...
March 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449421/-the-role-of-micrornas-in-colorectal-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Sang Wook Kim
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer related deaths in the world. Many oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes are involved in the development of CRC. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small, non-coding, endogenous RNAs in animals and plants. Recent studies have shown that miRNAs are associated with the mediation process of tumorigenesis, including inflammation, cell cycle, stress response, differentiation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion in cancer. These miRNAs have been linked to the development of CRC and recently studied as new potential biomarkers in the diagnosis and treatment for CRC...
April 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441730/regulatory-mirnas-in-colorectal-carcinogenesis-and-metastasis
#13
REVIEW
Yongchen Guo, Yonghua Bao, Wancai Yang
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies and is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death world-wide, which is linked to genetic mutations, epigenetic alterations, and oncogenic signaling activation. MicroRNAs, one of the categories of epigenetics, have been demonstrated significant roles in carcinogenesis and progression through regulating of oncogenic signaling pathways, stem cells, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and metastasis. This review summarizes the roles of microRNAs in the regulating of Wnt, Ras, TGF-β, and inflammatory signaling pathways, stemness, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, for carcinogenesis and metastasis in colorectal cancer...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440035/mir-145-inhibits-human-colorectal-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion-via-pak4-dependent-pathway
#14
Nengquan Sheng, Gewen Tan, Weiqiang You, Hongqi Chen, Jianfeng Gong, Di Chen, Huizhen Zhang, Zhigang Wang
MicroRNA-145 (miR-145), as a tumor-suppressive miRNA, has been demonstrated down-regulated in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells, and could inhibit CRC cells growth. However, the molecular pathway in which miR-145 modulates CRC malignant transformation has not been fully revealed. Here, we reported an intense correlation between the expressions of PAK4 and miR-145 in human CRC cell lines. Transwell assay verified overexpression of miR-145, as well as knockdown of PAK4, significantly suppressed cell migration and invasion ability...
April 24, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439832/computational-and-experimental-identification-of-tissue-specific-microrna-targets
#15
Raheleh Amirkhah, Hojjat Naderi Meshkin, Ali Farazmand, John E J Rasko, Ulf Schmitz
In this chapter we discuss computational methods for the prediction of microRNA (miRNA) targets. More specifically, we consider machine learning-based approaches and explain why these methods have been relatively unsuccessful in reducing the number of false positive predictions. Further we suggest approaches designed to improve their performance by considering tissue-specific target regulation. We argue that the miRNA targetome differs depending on the tissue type and introduce a novel algorithm that predicts miRNA targets specifically for colorectal cancer...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436302/gene-set-enrichment-analysis-a-genome-wide-expression-profile-based-strategy-for-discovering-functional-microrna-disease-relationships
#16
Yin Ni, Caiyun Song, Shuqing Jin, Zhoufeng Chen, Ming Ni, Lu Han, Jiansheng Wu, Yin Jin
Objective To explore stable and functional microRNA (miRNA)-disease relationships using a genome-wide expression profile pattern matching strategy. Methods We applied the ranked microarray pattern matching strategy Gene Set Enrichment Analysis to identify miRNA permutations with similar expression patterns to diseases. We also used quantitative reverse transcription PCR to validate the predicted expression levels of miRNAs in three diseases: inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), oesophageal cancer, and colorectal cancer...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431272/specific-microrna-mrna-regulatory-network-of-colon-cancer-invasion-mediated-by-tissue-kallikrein-related-peptidase-6
#17
Earlphia Sells, Ritu Pandey, Hwudaurw Chen, Bethany A Skovan, Haiyan Cui, Natalia A Ignatenko
Metastatic colon cancer is a major cause of deaths among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Elevated expression of kallikrein 6 (KLK6), a member of a kallikrein subfamily of peptidase S1 family serine proteases, has been reported in CRC and is associated with low patient survival rates and poor disease prognosis. We knocked down KLK6 expression in HCT116 colon cancer cells to determine the significance of KLK6 expression for metastatic dissemination and to identify the KLK6-associated microRNAs (miRNAs) signaling networks in metastatic colon cancer...
May 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430582/lncrna-chrf-induced-mir-489-loss-promotes-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer-via-twist1-emt-signaling-pathway
#18
Youmao Tao, Tao Han, Tao Zhang, Chong Ma, Caixia Sun
microRNA-489 (miR-489) is a novel cancer-related miRNAs and functions as a tumor suppressor in human cancers. While, the clinical significance of miR-489 and its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain rarely known. Here, we found that the levels of miR-489 in CRC tissues were significantly lower than those in matched tumor-adjacent tissues. Furthermore, decreased levels of miR-489 also observed in CRC cell lines compared to HIEC cells. Clinicopathological analysis revealed that miR-489 underexpression was positively correlated with advanced pT stage, pN stage and AJCC stage...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418858/the-mir-124-p63-feedback-loop-modulates-colorectal-cancer-growth
#19
Kuijie Liu, Hongliang Yao, Sanlin Lei, Li Xiong, Haizhi Qi, Ke Qian, Jiqiang Liu, Peng Wang, Hua Zhao
Among the diverse co-regulatory relationships between transcription factors (TFs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), feedback loops have received the most extensive research attention. The co-regulation of TFs and miRNAs plays an important role in colorectal cancer (CRC) growth. Here, we show that miR-124 can regulate two isoforms of p63, TAp63 and ΔNp63, via iASPP, while p63 modulates signal transducers and activators of transcription 1 (STAT1) expression by targeting miR-155. Moreover, STAT1 acts as a regulator of CRC growth by targeting miR-124...
April 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418082/non-digestible-carbohydrates-supplementation-increases-mir-32-expression-in-the-healthy-human-colorectal-epithelium-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Fiona C Malcomson, Naomi D Willis, Iain McCallum, Long Xie, Bart Lagerwaard, Seamus Kelly, D Michael Bradburn, Nigel J Belshaw, Ian T Johnson, John C Mathers
Colorectal cancer (CRC) risk is modulated by diet and there is convincing evidence of reduced risk with higher non-digestible carbohydrates (NDCs) consumption. Resistant starch (RS), a NDC, positively modulates the expression of oncogenic microRNAs, suggesting that this could be a mechanism through which NDCs protect against CRC. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of supplementation with two NDCs, RS, and polydextrose (PD), on microRNA expression in the macroscopically-normal human rectal epithelium using samples from the DISC Study, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dietary intervention...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
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