keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

miRNA, microRNA, Colorectal cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209128/mir-296-inhibits-the-metastasis-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-colorectal-cancer-by-targeting-s100a4
#1
Zheng He, Lianhua Yu, Shiyi Luo, Mingzhen Li, Junbo Li, Qi Li, Yi Sun, Chengbin Wang
BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) is actively involved in the pathogenesis and tumorigenicity of colorectal cancer (CRC). miR-296 was found to play either oncogenic or tumor suppressive role in human cancers. However, the status of miR-296 and its function in CRC remain unknown. METHODS: The expression of miR-296 was confirmed by qRT-PCR in CRC tissues and cells, and its level was altered by corresponding miRNA vectors. Wound healing and Transwall assays were performed to detect the migration and invasion of CRC cells...
February 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193082/expression-analysis-of-previously-verified-fecal-and-plasma-dow-regulated-micrornas-mir-4478-1295-3p-142-3p-and-26a-5p-in-ffpe-tissue-samples-of-crc-patients
#2
Reza Ghanbari, Sama Rezasoltani, Javad Hashemi, Ashraf Mohamadkhani, Arash Tahmasebifar, Ehsan Arefian, Naser Mobarra, Jahanbakhsh Asadi, Ehsan Nazemalhosseini Mojarad, Yaghoub Yazdani, Sakari Knuutila, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis of this neoplasm is critical and may reduce patients' mortality. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNA molecules whose expression pattern can be altered in various diseases such as CRC. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the expression levels of miR-142-3p, miR-26a-5p (their reduced expression in plasma samples of CRC patients was previously confirmed), miR-4478 and miR-1295-3p (their reduced expression in stool samples of CRC patients was previously confirmed) in tissue samples of CRC patients in comparison to healthy subjects...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177881/a-panel-of-microrna-signature-in-serum-for-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis
#3
Mingxia Zhu, Zebo Huang, Danxia Zhu, Xin Zhou, Xia Shan, Lian-Wen Qi, Lirong Wu, Wenfang Cheng, Jun Zhu, Lan Zhang, Huo Zhang, Yan Chen, Wei Zhu, Tongshan Wang, Ping Liu
Dysregulated expression of specific microRNAs (miRNAs) in serum has been recognised as promising diagnostic biomarkers for colorectal cancer (CRC). In the initial screening phase, a total of 32 differentially expressed miRNAs were selected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) based Exiqon panel with 3 CRC pool samples and 1 normal control (NC) pool. Using qRT-PCR, selected serum miRNAs were further confirmed in training (30 CRC VS. 30 NCs) and testing stages (136 CRC VS...
February 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176652/mechanisms-for-inhibition-of-colon-cancer-cells-by-sulforaphane-through-epigenetic-modulation-of-microrna-21-and-human-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-htert-down-regulation
#4
Samantha L Martin, Rishabh Kala, Trygve O Tollefsbol
Epigenetic modulations such as histone modifications are becoming increasingly valued for their ability to modify genes without altering the DNA sequence. Many bioactive compounds have been shown to alter genetic and epigenetic profiles in various forms of 6 cancers. Of the many dietary phytochemicals, sulforaphane (SFN), found in cruciferous vegetables such as kale, cabbage and broccoli sprouts, has been present as one of the most potent (histone deacetylase) HDAC inhibitors to date. Recently, it has been 9 identified that HDAC inhibitors may play a vital role in regulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in many human cancers...
February 5, 2017: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161537/mir-598-inhibits-metastasis-in-colorectal-cancer-by-suppressing-jag1-notch2-pathway-stimulating-emt
#5
Jia Chen, Haichen Zhang, Ying Chen, Guanglei Qiao, Weihua Jiang, Peihua Ni, Xiangfan Liu, Lijun Ma
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous, evolutionarily conserved small non-coding RNA molecules that mediate the posttranscriptional process of target gene, leading to translational repression or degradation of target mRNAs. A series of studies have indicated that miRNAs play an important role in tumor initiation, development and progression. In this study, we found that down regulation of miR-598 was a frequent event in CRC tissues compared to the paracarcinoma tissues. And the study demonstrated that miR-598 was implicated in CRC metastasis...
February 1, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152545/blood-based-micrornas-as-biomarkers-for-the-diagnosis-of-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Jane V Carter, Norman J Galbraith, Dongyan Yang, James F Burton, Samuel P Walker, Susan Galandiuk
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is common and associated with significant mortality. Current screening methods for CRC lack patient compliance. microRNAs (miRNAs), identified in body fluids, are negative regulators of gene expression and are dysregulated in many cancers, including CRC. This paper summarises studies identifying blood-based miRNAs dysregulated in CRC compared with healthy controls in an attempt to evaluate their use as a screening tool for the diagnosis of CRC. METHODS: A search of electronic databases (PubMed and EMBASE) and grey literature was performed between January 2002 and April 2016...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138309/polymorphisms-in-microrna-binding-sites-predict-colorectal-cancer-survival
#7
Ying-Pi Yang, Wen-Chien Ting, Lu-Min Chen, Te-Ling Lu, Bo-Ying Bao
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) mediate negative regulation of target genes through base pairing, and aberrant miRNA expression has been described in cancers. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within miRNA target sites might influence clinical outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer. Methods: Sixteen common SNPs within miRNA target sites were identified, and the association between these SNPs and overall survival was assessed in colorectal cancer patients using Kaplan-Meier analysis, Cox regression model, and survival tree analysis...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123526/mir-433-reduces-cell-viability-and-promotes-cell-apoptosis-by-regulating-macc1-in-colorectal-cancer
#8
Jiaxin Li, Xuping Mao, Xing Wang, Ganggang Miao, Jiaxin Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are reported to have important roles in regulating the progression of numerous human cancers, although little is known regarding the role of miRNAs in colorectal cancer. The present study aimed to investigate the role of microRNA-433 (miR-433) in colorectal cancer. The expression levels of miR-433 and its target gene metastasis associated in colon cancer-1 (MACC1) in colorectal cancer tissues were evaluated using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blotting...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105216/identification-of-potential-therapeutic-targets-for-colorectal-cancer-by-bioinformatics-analysis
#9
Ming Yan, Maomin Song, Rixing Bai, Shi Cheng, Wenmao Yan
The aim of the present study was to identify potential therapeutic targets for colorectal cancer (CRC). The gene expression profile GSE32323, containing 34 samples, including 17 specimens of CRC tissues and 17 of paired normal tissues from CRC patients, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Following data preprocessing using the Affy and preprocessCore packages, the differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) between the two types of samples were identified with the Linear Models for Microarray Analysis package...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101227/downregulation-of-mir-23b-in-plasma-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#10
Chang-Hua Kou, Tian Zhou, Xi-Lin Han, Hui-Jie Zhuang, Hai-Xin Qian
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNA molecules that act as regulators of gene expression. Circulating blood miRNAs have potential as cancer biomarkers. The main objective of the present study was to assess the effect of miRNA-23b (miR-23b) expression in plasma on the diagnosis and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to measure miR-23b expression levels, and methylation-specific PCR was used to test the promoter methylation status...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100780/a-novel-microrna-located-in-trkc-gene-regulates-wnt-signaling-pathway-and-is-differentially-expressed-in-colorectal-cancer-specimens
#11
Sadat Dokanehiifard, Atena Yasari, Hadi Najafi, Meisam Jafarzadeh, Maryam Nikkhah, Seyed Javad Mowla, Bahram M Soltani
Tropomyosin receptor kinase C (TrkC) is involved in cell survival, apoptosis, differentiation and tumorigenesis. TrkC diverse functions might be attributed to the hypothetical non-coding RNAs, embedded within the gene. Using bioinformatics approaches, a novel miRNA named TrkC-miR2 was predicted within TrkC gene, capable of regulating Wnt pathway. For experimental verification of this miRNA, predicted TrkC-premir2 sequence was overexpressed in SW480 cells, which led to the detection of two mature TrkC-miR2 isomiRs, and their endogenous forms were detected in human cell lines as well...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098901/effect-of-evodiamine-and-berberine-on-the-interaction-between-dnmts-and-target-micrornas-during-malignant-transformation-of-the-colon-by-tgf-%C3%AE-1
#12
Chao Huang, Hong Liu, Xiu-Li Gong, Li-Yun Wu, Bin Wen
The tissue microenvironment functions as a crucial player in carcinogenesis, and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) within the microenvironment stimulates the formation of neoplasms. Using an in vitro model of malignancy induced by TGF-β1, we assessed the effect of evodiamine and berberine on the interaction between DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and target microRNAs (miRNAs) in the model. Colon tissues from neonatal rats 7 days of age were cultured and malignancy was induced by TGF-β1 in vitro for 48 h, and then the tissues were respectively treated with evodiamine and berberine for 24 h...
January 17, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098895/microrna-133b-is-regulated-by-tap63-while-no-gene-mutation-is-present-in-colorectal-cancer
#13
Yifei Chen, Yi Zhang, Jianhuai He, Ying Fu, Changwei Lin, Xiaorong Li
Downregulation of miR-133b has been reported in multiple types of malignancies including colorectal cancer (CRC). We previously confirmed that TAp63 actively translates microRNA-133b (miR-133b) transcripts. While the presence of miRNA mutations have frequently been described in CRC, most CRCs do not show any variation in the miR‑133b coding sequence. Therefore, it is important to elucidate the relationship between TAp63 and miR-133b, and identify other mediators of miR-133b downregulation in CRC. The expression of TAp63 was detected by RT-qPCR, western blotting, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and densitometric analysis using Image-Pro Plus 6...
January 16, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095367/micrornas-are-important-regulators-of-drug-resistance-in-colorectal-cancer
#14
Yang Zhang, Jing Wang
Despite of continuous development of cancer treatment over the past decades, drug resistance is still one of the major hurdles of effective therapy for advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) worldwide and the understanding of its underlying mechanisms remains limited. Emerged data suggests that many microRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute to drug resistance in CRC. Major findings on miRNA functions in drug resistance of CRC are systemically reviewed here, with the goal of providing new updates to broaden our comprehension of its mechanisms and evidence to utilize miRNAs as potential therapeutic targets for CRC treatment...
January 14, 2017: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092102/micrornas-potential-candidates-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-colorectal-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Abdullah Moridikia, Hamed Mirzaei, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Jafar Salimian
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is known as the third common cancer worldwide and an important public health problem in different populations. Several genetics and environmental risk factors are involved in the development and progression of CRC including chromosomal abnormalities, epigenetic alterations, and unhealthy lifestyle. Identification of risk factors and biomarkers could lead to a better understanding of molecular pathways involved in CRC pathogenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulatory molecules which could affect a variety of cellular and molecular targets in CRC...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073899/paper-based-microrna-expression-profiling-from-plasma-and-circulating-tumor-cells
#16
Sai Mun Leong, Karen Mei-Ling Tan, Hui Wen Chua, Mo-Chao Huang, Wai Chye Cheong, Mo-Huang Li, Steven Tucker, Evelyn Siew-Chuan Koay
BACKGROUND: Molecular characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) holds great promise for monitoring metastatic progression and characterizing metastatic disease. However, leukocyte and red blood cell contamination of routinely isolated CTCs makes CTC-specific molecular characterization extremely challenging. METHODS: Here we report the use of a paper-based medium for efficient extraction of microRNAs (miRNAs) from limited amounts of biological samples such as rare CTCs harvested from cancer patient blood...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072746/znf148-modulates-top2a-expression-and-cell-proliferation-via-cerna-regulatory-mechanism-in-colorectal-cancer
#17
Xian Hua Gao, Juan Li, Yan Liu, Qi Zhi Liu, Li Qiang Hao, Lian Jie Liu, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulation is a novel hypothesized mechanism that states RNA molecules share common target microRNAs (miRNAs) and may competitively combine into the same miRNA pool. METHODS: Zinc finger protein 148 (ZNF148) and TOP2A expression were analyzed in 742 colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues using immunohistochemistry (IHC). ZNF148 mRNA, TOP2A mRNA, miR101, miR144, miR335, and miR365 expression were estimated in 53 fresh frozen CRC tissues by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054337/combined-mirna-profiling-and-proteomics-demonstrates-that-different-mirnas-target-a-common-set-of-proteins-to-promote-colorectal-cancer-metastasis
#18
Sofía Torres, Irene Garcia-Palmero, Rubén A Bartolomé, María Jesús Fernandez-Aceñero, Elena Molina, Eva Calviño, Miguel F Segura, J Ignacio Casal
The process of liver colonisation in colorectal cancer remains poorly characterised. Here, we addressed the role of microRNA (miRNA) dysregulation in metastasis. We first compared miRNA expression profiles between colorectal cancer cell lines with different metastatic properties and then identified target proteins of the dysregulated miRNAs to establish their functions and prognostic value. We found that 38 miRNAs were differentially expressed between highly metastatic (KM12SM/SW620) and poorly metastatic (KM12C/SW480) cancer cell lines...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053552/diet-and-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-mirna-expression-in-colorectal-tissue
#19
Martha L Slattery, Jennifer S Herrick, Lila E Mullany, John R Stevens, Roger K Wolff
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-protein-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression. Diet and lifestyle factors have been hypothesized to be involved in the regulation of miRNA expression. In this study it was hypothesized that diet and lifestyle factors are associated with miRNA expression. Data from 1,447 cases of colorectal cancer to evaluate 34 diet and lifestyle variables using miRNA expression in normal colorectal mucosa as well as for differential expression between paired carcinoma and normal tissue were used...
2017: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039449/expression-analysis-of-microrna-as-prognostic-biomarkers-in-colorectal-cancer
#20
Jie Yang, Dongling Ma, Andrew Fesler, Haiyan Zhai, Apisri Leamniramit, Wenzhe Li, Song Wu, Jingfang Ju
microRNA (miRNA) based biomarkers have unique advantages due to their critical regulatory function, superior stability, and relatively small number compared to mRNAs. A number of miRNAs play key roles in colon cancer stem cell chemoresistance and have clinical potential as prognostic biomarkers. The purpose of this study is to systematically validate the prognostic potential of miRNAs in colorectal cancer. In this study, we validated the prognostic potential of a panel of miRNAs using 205 stage II, III, and IV colorectal cancer specimens by qRT-PCR analysis...
December 26, 2016: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
60710
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"