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miRNA, microRNA, Colorectal cancer

Jingyuan Wang, Xuemei Wang, Fengjun Liu, Yuguang Fu
Colorectal cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers. Recently, several microRNAs (miRNAs) have been characterized as oncogenes or tumor suppressors in colorectal cancer. This study was aimed to explore the tumor suppressive effects and its underling mechanism of miR-335 on colorectal cancer cells. Human colorectal cancer HCT116 cells were employed and the expression of miR-335 in cells was altered by transfection with miR-335 mimic and miR-335 inhibitor. Thereafter, CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, Transwell assay and Western blotting were used to detect cell viability, apoptosis, migration, invasion, and the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins...
August 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
Yan Qin, Zhibin Huo, Xiang Song, Xiao Chen, Xiaopeng Tian, Xinjie Wang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common digestive tract tumor. Cancer tissues and healthy tissues were extracted from patients with CRC who were treated at our hospital. Targetscan and PicTar were used to identify microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) that may interact with phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN). Dual luciferase reporter assay was applied to detect whether the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of PTEN was targeted by miR-106a. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) showed that there was significantly higher miR-106a expression level in cancer tissue compared with in healthy tissue...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Weige Tan, Bodu Liu, Shaohua Qu, Gehao Liang, Wei Luo, Chang Gong
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a type of small non-coding RNA molecule that performs an important role in post-transcriptional gene regulation. Since miRNAs were first identified in 1993, a number of studies have demonstrated that they act as tumor suppressors or oncogenes in human cancer, including colorectal, lung, brain, breast and liver cancer, and leukemia. Large high-throughput studies have previously revealed that miRNA profiling is critical for the diagnosis and prognosis of patients with cancer, while certain miRNAs possess the potential to be used as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers or therapeutic targets in cancer...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Dan Liao, Tong Li, Caiguo Ye, Liuyan Zeng, Huahui Li, Xingxiang Pu, Congcong Ding, Zhiwei He, Guo-Liang Huang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth leading cause of cancer-associated mortalities worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) serve important roles in tumor development, progression and metastasis. miR-221 has been reported to modulate proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle distribution and cell migration in a variety of cancers. However, the function of miR-221 in the autophagy of cancer is unclear. In the present study, the role of miR-221 in the autophagy of CRC cells was investigated and its associated target was identified...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Wenrui Jia, Liuyan Zeng, Shengqun Luo, Fei Bai, Rui Zhong, Lin Wu, Guo-Liang Huang, Xingxiang Pu
Studies have evaluated the association between the SNP miRNA-423 rs6505162 C>A and cancer risk in several cancers with contradictory outcomes. It was reported that miRNA-423 rs6505162 C>A polymorphism was associated with the overall survival and the recurrence-free survival of colorectal carcinoma. However, no studies have reported the association between miRNA-423 rs6505162 C>A polymorphism and susceptibility of colorectal carcinoma.In this study, we investigated the association between miRNA-423 polymorphism with risk and clinicopathological parameters of colorectal carcinoma...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shuguang Cao, Limiao Lin, Xuanping Xia, Hao Wu
Resistance to chemotherapy is a big challenge for treatment of patients with colorectal cancer; however; the mechanism underlying chemoresistance in colorectal cancer cell has not been elucidated. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are new players in the development of drug chemoresistance. In our study, we indicated that overexpression of miR-761 promoted the sensitivity of colorectal cancer cells to 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU). miR-761 expression was downregulated in colorectal cancer cell lines and tissues. miR-761 expression was lower in patients with low grade than in patients with high grade...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Reza Ranjbar, Vahid Chaleshi, Hamid Asadzadeh Aghdaei, Saeid Morovvati
BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in microRNA (miRNA) networks may serve as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of a variety of diseases such as cancer. Some studies have been performed to examine associations between miR-149 and miR-608 polymorphisms and susceptibility to colorectal cancer, but the results remain controversial and race-dependent. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the association of miR-608 (rs4919510) and miR-149 (rs2292832) with colorectal cancer and its clinical features in a sample of Iranian population...
February 6, 2018: MicroRNA
Sahar Sarmasti Emami, Abolfazl Akbari, Ali-Akbar Zare, Shahram Agah, Mohsen Masoodi, Atefeh Talebi, Sara Minaeian, Azam Fattahi, Farahnaz Moghadamnia
INTRODUCTION: Non-coding RNAs have opened a new window in cancer biology. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as a family of non-coding RNAs, play an important role in the gene regulation. The aberrant expression of these small molecules has been documented to involve in colorectal cancer (CRC) pathogenesis. This study aimed to examine the expression of miRNAs in CRC and to correlate their expression levels with histological markers (Ki-67 and CD34). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumor tissues and matched normal adjacent tissues were collected from 36 patients with newly diagnosed CRC...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Vladimir V Galatenko, Alexey V Galatenko, Timur R Samatov, Andrey A Turchinovich, Maxim Yu Shkurnikov, Julia A Makarova, Alexander G Tonevitsky
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of short noncoding RNAs that posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression and play an important role in multiple cellular processes. A significant percentage of miRNAs are intragenic, which is often functionally related to their host genes playing either antagonistic or synergistic roles. In this study, we constructed and analyzed the entire network of intergenic interactions induced by intragenic miRNAs. We further focused on the core of this network, which was defined as a union of nontrivial strongly connected components, i...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Feng Shuai, Bo Wang, Shuxiao Dong
Among all of the miRNAs, miR-204 has gained considerable attention in the field of cancer research. This study aimed toreveal the detailed functions and the underling mechanism of miR-204 in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. The expressions of miR-204 in CRC tumor tissues and cell lines were monitored. Expressions of miR-204 and CXCL8 in Caco-2 and HT-29 cells were altered by transfection, and then cell viability, apoptosis, migration, invasion, EMT-related protein expression, and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway protein expression were assessed...
February 5, 2018: Oncology Research
Huajia Dai, Kezhu Hou, Zujin Cai, Qi Zhou, Song Zhu
Aberrant expression of microRNA (miRNA) is important in the progression of various human cancers, however further investigation is required in order to fully elucidate mechanisms of and validate actions of endogenous non-coding RNAs. The present study demonstrated that the expression of miR-646 was downregulated in colorectal cancer tissues and cell lines. Notably, it was observed that miR-646, a tumor suppressor, inhibited colorectal cancer cell progression through directly targeting Nin one binding protein (NOB1) expression, which possesses anti-tumor properties in colorectal cancer...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Ida V Lundberg, Maria L Wikberg, Ingrid Ljuslinder, Xingru Li, Robin Myte, Carl Zingmark, Anna Löfgren-Burström, Sofia Edin, Richard Palmqvist
BACKGROUND/AIM: KRAS and BRAF are two genes commonly mutated in colorectal cancer (CRC). Even though BRAF is a downstream target of KRAS in the MAPK signalling pathway, KRAS- and BRAF-mutated CRCs are found to display several different clinical and histopathological features. We investigated whether a differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) could explain the clinicopathological differences seen between KRAS- and BRAF-mutated CRCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a PCR array, we analyzed the expression of 84 different miRNAs in CRC cell lines wild-type in KRAS and BRAF, or mutated in KRAS or BRAF...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
Ting-Ting Yan, Lin-Lin Ren, Chao-Qin Shen, Zhen-Hua Wang, Ya-Nan Yu, Qian Liang, Jia-Yin Tang, Ying-Xuan Chen, Dan-Feng Sun, Witold Zgodziński, Marek Majewski, Piotr Radwan, Ilona Kryczek, Ming Zhong, Jinxian Chen, Qiang Liu, Weiping Zou, Hao-Yan Chen, Jie Hong, Jing-Yuan Fang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) includes an invasive stem-like/mesenchymal subtype but its genetic drivers, functional and clinical relevance are uncharacterized. Here we report the definition of an altered microRNA (miR) signature defining this subtype which includes a major genomic loss of miR-508. Mechanistic investigations showed that this microRNA affected the expression of cadherin CDH1 and the transcription factors ZEB1, SALL4, BMI1 and BMI1. Loss of miR-508 in CRC was associated with upregulation of the novel hypoxia-induced long non-coding RNA AK000053...
January 26, 2018: Cancer Research
Wanjun Yan, Xiaoyan Gao, Shuqun Zhang
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules, which participate in diverse biological processes and may regulate tumor suppressor genes or oncogenes. Rs11614913 in miR-196a2 and rs3746444 in miR-499 are shown to associate with increased/decreased cancer risk. This meta-analysis was performed to systematically assess the overall association. Materials and Methods: We searched Pubmed, Web of Knowledge, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases until December 2016 to identify eligible studies...
December 26, 2017: Oncotarget
Fangfang Fu, Weiqin Jiang, Linfu Zhou, Zhi Chen
Exosomes are extracellular membrane vesicles of 50- to 130-nm diameter secreted by most tumor cells. Exosomes can mediate the intercellular transfer of proteins and RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs), and promote both tumorigenesis and premetastatic niche formation. In this study, we performed exosomal RNA sequencing to identify candidate exosomal miRNAs that could be associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) and its distant metastasis. The expression profiles of exosomal miRNA, as secreted by isogenic human primary CRC cell line SW480 and highly metastatic cell line SW620, were analyzed and the potential targets related to tumorigenesis and metastatic progression were investigated...
January 20, 2018: Translational Oncology
N Liu, F Jiang, X-Y Han, M Li, W-J Chen, Q-C Liu, C-X Liao, Y-F Lv
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of microRNA-155 (miR-155) in the potential invasion of colon cancer cell and the underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression level of miR-155 in colon cancer and adjacent normal tissues was detected by Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). miR-155 mimics (miR-155), or siRNA against β-catenin (β-catenin siRNA), was transfected into human colon cancer cell line SW-480 using Lipofectamine 2000, respectively...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Yanqing Liu, Xiaorui Chen, Rongjie Cheng, Fei Yang, Mengchao Yu, Chen Wang, Shufang Cui, Yeting Hong, Hongwei Liang, Minghui Liu, Chihao Zhao, Meng Ding, Wu Sun, Zhijian Liu, Feng Sun, Chenyu Zhang, Zhen Zhou, Xiaohong Jiang, Xi Chen
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a severe health problem worldwide. Clarifying the mechanisms for the deregulation of oncogenes and tumour suppressors in CRC is vital for its diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and prevention. Hu antigen R (HuR), which is highly upregulated in CRC, functions as a pivotal oncogene to promote CRC progression. However, the underlying cause of its dysregulation is poorly understood. METHODS: In CRC tissue sample pairs, HuR protein levels were measured by Western blot and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, respectively...
January 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Feng Tong, Youhua Ying, Haihua Pan, Wei Zhao, Hongchen Li, Xiaoli Zhan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have an important role in the regulation of tumor development and metastasis. In this study, we investigated the clinical and prognostic value as well as biological function of miR-466 in colorectal cancer (CRC). Tumor and adjacent healthy tissues were obtained from 100 patients diagnosed with CRC. miR-466 expression was determined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). mRNA and protein levels of cyclin D1, apoptosis regulator BAX (BAX), and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) were analyzed by qRT-PCR and Western blot, respectively, in SW-620 CRC cells transfected with miR-466 mimics or negative control miRNA...
January 17, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Jibin Li, Jian Xu, Xiaofei Yan, Keer Jin, Wenya Li, Rui Zhang
Accumulating evidence has suggested that calpain small subunit 1 (Capn4) plays an important role in the development and progression of malignant tumors. However, little is known about the role of Capn4 in colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential role of Capn4 in CRC and the regulation of Capn4 by microRNAs (miRNAs). Here, we found that Capn4 expression was highly up-regulated in CRC cell lines. Knockdown of Capn4 by siRNA significantly inhibited the proliferation and invasion of CRC cell lines...
January 10, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Min Li, Xiaoping Qian, Mingzhen Zhu, Aiyi Li, Mingzhi Fang, Yong Zhu, Jingyu Zhang
MicroRNAs (miR) are important in various crucial cell processes including proliferation, migration and invasion. Dysregulation of miRNAs have been increasingly reported to contribute to colorectal cancer. However, the detailed biological function and potential mechanisms of miR‑1273g‑3p in colorectal cancer remain poorly understood. The expression levels of miR‑1273g‑3p in human colorectal cancer LoVo cell lines were detected via reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT‑qPCR)...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
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