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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743179/prevalence-of-psychiatric-comorbidities-among-women-undergoing-free-tissue-autologous-breast-reconstruction
#1
Babette E Becherer, Parisa Kamali, Marek A Paul, Winona Wu, Daniel A Curiel, Hinne A Rakhorst, Bernard Lee, Samuel J Lin, Kari J Kansal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autologous breast reconstruction (BR) can be a stressful life event. Therefore, women undergoing mastectomy and autologous BR are required to have sufficient coping mechanisms. Although mental health problems are widespread, information regarding the prevalence of psychiatric diagnosis among these patients is scarce. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed using data from a large tertiary teaching hospital and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743126/frontal-cortex-and-hippocampal-%C3%AE-secretase-activating-protein-levels-in-prodromal-alzheimer-disease
#2
Sylvia E Perez, Muhammad Nadeem, Michael H Malek-Ahmadi, Bin He, Elliott J Mufson
BACKGROUND: β-Amyloid (Aβ) is the product of concerted cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β- and γ-secretases. However, the molecular mechanisms that regulate this process are not well understood. Recently, evidence was reported that γ-secretase activating protein (GSAP, 16 kDa), derived from a larger precursor protein (98 kDa), plays a role in Aβ metabolism through a mechanism involving its interaction with both γ-secretase and APP. However, a detailed evaluation of GSAP protein levels and their association with clinical and neuropathological variables are lacking during the clinical progression of Alzheimer disease (AD)...
July 26, 2017: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743111/sleep-and-olfaction-among-older-adults
#3
V Eloesa McSorley, Jayant Pinto, L Philip Schumm, Kristen Wroblewski, David Kern, Martha McClintock, Diane S Lauderdale
BACKGROUND: Sleep and olfaction are both critical physiological processes that tend to worsen with age. Decline in olfaction can be an early indicator of neurodegenerative diseases, whereas poor sleep quality is associated with reduced physical and mental health. Given associations with aging-related health declines, we explored whether variations in sleep were associated with olfactory function among older adults. METHODS: We assessed the relationship between sleep characteristics and olfaction among 354 community-dwelling older adults...
July 26, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743064/health-status-and-mobility-limitations-are-associated-with-residential-and-employment-status-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#4
M Strassnig, D Cornacchio, P D Harvey, R Kotov, L Fochtmann, E J Bromet
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BP) are linked to multiple impairments in everyday functioning which share cognitive and symptom risk factors. Other risk factors for critical aspects of every day functioning (e.g., gainful employment; residential independence) such as physical health have not been evaluated, despite poor health in SCZ and BP. METHODS: We analyzed 20-year follow-up data from the Suffolk County Mental Health Project cohort of consecutive first admissions with a psychotic disorder to 12 psychiatric facilities in Suffolk County, NY, between September 1989 and December 1995...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743046/multi-informant-assessment-of-siblings-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-parent-child-discrepancies-in-at-risk-classification
#5
James A Rankin, Theodore S Tomeny, Tammy D Barry
BACKGROUND: The behavioral and emotional functioning of typically-developing (TD) siblings of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been frequently assessed in the literature; however, these assessments typically include only one informant, rarely considering differences between parent and self-reports of sibling adjustment. AIMS: This study examined parent-youth reported informant discrepancies in behavioral and emotional functioning, including whether parent and youth reports yielded the same conclusions regarding TD sibling risk status...
July 22, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743042/clinical-outcome-and-rehabilitation-of-homeless-mentally-ill-patients-admitted-in-mental-health-institute-of-south-india-know-the-unknown-project
#6
Guru S Gowda, G Gopika, Channaveerachari Naveen Kumar, Narayana Manjunatha, Ravi Yadav, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Bharath Rose Dawn, Suresh Bada Math
OBJECTIVES: Homeless Mentally Ill (HMI) patients represent a unique global problem and pose a challenge in treatment, management and rehabilitation services. There is sparse data on HMI patients in India. The objective of this paper is to study the clinical outcome and rehabilitation of HMI patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 'HMI' patients from 1st January 2002 to 31st December 2015, who were admitted under Department of Psychiatry at National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India...
July 4, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742974/chiropractic-curriculum-mapping-and-congruence-of-the-evidence-for-workplace-interventions-in-work-related-neck-pain
#7
Martin Frutiger, Peter Jeffery Tuchin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to provide a best-synthesis summary of the literature for effective workplace health promotion interventions (WHPI) for work-related mechanical neck pain (MNP) and to determine the congruence between knowledge of WHPI for work-related MNP and coverage of MNP in the chiropractic postgraduate program at Macquarie University. METHODS: A literature review was undertaken to determine effective WHPI for work-related MNP. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PEDro (from 1991 to 2016) for systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742807/association-of-coping-strategies-with-mortality-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-hemodialysis-patients-the-japan-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study
#8
Kakuya Niihata, Shingo Fukuma, Tadao Akizawa, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients are exposed to disease- and treatment-related stresses, and use various coping strategies to deal with these stresses. Although some studies have reported the association of coping strategies with mortality or health-related quality of life (QOL) in some populations, the effect of coping strategies on clinical outcomes in hemodialysis patients remains unclear. We investigated the association in a longitudinal design among Japanese hemodialysis patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742787/functional-outcomes-of-elderly-patients-with-nonoperatively-treated-acetabular-fractures-that-meet-operative-criteria
#9
Scott P Ryan, Theodore T Manson, Marcus F Sciadini, Jason W Nascone, Christopher T LeBrun, Renan C Castillo, Ragu Muppavarapu, Brian Schurko, Robert V O'Toole
OBJECTIVES: To report functional outcomes of displaced acetabular fractures treated nonoperatively in the geriatric patient population. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Two Level I trauma centers. PATIENTS: Twenty-seven patients age 60 years or older who sustained displaced acetabular fractures during an 11-year period. INTERVENTION: Nonoperative treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Primary outcome measurements were Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scores and Short Form 8 (SF-8) scores...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742757/concurrent-validity-and-responsiveness-of-promis-health-domains-among-patients-presenting-for-anterior-cervical-spine-surgery
#10
Taylor E Purvis, Elena Andreou, Brian J Neuman, Lee H Riley, Richard L Skolasky
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine validity and responsiveness of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) health domains. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PROMIS health domains (anxiety, depression, fatigue, pain, physical function, satisfaction with participation in social roles, sleep disturbance) may measure quality of care and determine minimal important differences (MIDs) after spine surgery...
July 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742743/expanding-the-role-of-pas-in-the-treatment-of-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness
#11
Ben McCutchen, Sujay Patel, Dawn Copeland
Patients with severe and persistent mental illness often face limited access to psychiatric and primary care. This exploratory qualitative analysis studied the effect of introducing a PA into a comprehensive outpatient psychiatric team. Early results suggest this model improves the quality and access to primary and psychiatric care.
August 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742657/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#12
Adam C Urato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742655/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#13
Amritha Bhat, Anna Ratzliff, Jürgen Unützer, Susan D Reed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742632/the-middle-ear-cleft-status-in-a-natural-cohort-with-eustachian-tube-dysfunction
#14
Udi Cinamon, Dov Albukrek, Yahav Oron, Sharon Ovnat Tamir, Abraham Goldfarb, David Dvir, Tal Marom
BACKGROUND: The Eustachian tube (ET) has a major role in the middle ear (ME) pressure homeostasis. ET dysfunction is the accepted paradigm for pressure-related ME disorders. We studied the ME status in patients with severely diminished ET opening abilities, and anticipated to find ME disorders in most of them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ME status was evaluated in unconscious adults, who were hospitalized in a rehabilitation center with severe brain damage, requiring tracheotomy and gastrostomy...
July 24, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742541/parental-psychological-distress-and-family-food-insecurity-sad-dads-in-hungry-homes
#15
Katie K Tseng, Su Hyun Park, Jenni A Shearston, Lily Lee, Michael Weitzman
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether household food insecurity is associated with serious psychological distress (SPD) in fathers and mothers in a nationally representative US sample. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, matched child-parent data from the 2014 to 2015 National Health Interview Survey (N = 18,456). Parental psychological distress was assessed using the Kessler-6 (K-6) scale. Family food security was measured using the USDA's 10-item Food Security scale, and households were dichotomized as food secure or food insecure...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742448/psychometric-properties-of-the-thai-internalized-stigma-scale-tis-lch-for-care-home-residents
#16
Suhathai Tosangwarn, Philip Clissett, Holly Blake
OBJECTIVES: Living in a care home is a source of stigma in Thai culture, although there is currently no measurement tool in the Thai language specifically designed to assess internalized stigma in care home residents. The Thai Version of Internalized Stigma of Living in a Care Home (TIS-LCH) scale was developed and tested for its psychometric properties among Thai older residents. METHODS: The Thai version of Internalized Stigma of Mental Health Illness (ISMI) Scale was revised into the TIS-LCH by replacing the word of "mental health illness" to "living in a care home...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742418/health-risk-behavior-among-justice-involved-male-and-female-youth-exploratory-multi-group-latent-class-analysis
#17
Richard Dembo, Jessica Faber, Jennifer Cristiano, Ralph J DiClemente, Julie M Krupa, Asha Terminello, Jennifer Wareham
BACKGROUND: Youth involved in the juvenile justice system experience a disproportionate prevalence of serious mental health issues, substance abuse, and are at an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual practices. Gender differences exist, with girls at a markedly greater risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease. OBJECTIVES: The present study seeks to determine if there are subgroups of male and female youth who differ in their health risk behavior. If so, do any male or female subgroups at different levels of health risk differ in regard to their sociodemographic and psychological factors, and finally, what are intervention/service delivery implications of these differences...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742292/effects-of-a-course-of-right-unilateral-ultrabrief-pulse-electroconvulsive-therapy-combined-with-venlafaxine-on-insomnia-symptoms-in-elderly-depressed-patients
#18
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Mary Anne Riley, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressant medications have a variety of effects on sleep, apart from their antidepressant effects. It is unknown whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has effects on perceived sleep in depressed patients. This secondary analysis examines the effects of ECT on perceived sleep, separate from its antidepressant effects. METHODS: Elderly patients with major depressive disorder, as defined by DSM-IV, received open-label high-dose, right unilateral ultrabrief pulse ECT, combined with venlafaxine, as part of participating in phase 1 of the National Institute of Mental Health-supported study Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly (PRIDE)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742289/tai-chi-exercise-for-the-quality-of-life-in-a-perimenopausal-women-organization-a-systematic-review
#19
Ying Wang, Weichao Shan, Qing Li, Na Yang, Weiying Shan
BACKGROUND: Improvement of the quality of life in perimenopausal women has recently become an important global health issue. Extensive research reports provide evidence of Tai Chi for the quality of life, but no systematic review has individually investigated Tai Chi as a main intervention on the quality of life in perimenopausal women. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical evidence of Tai Chi for the quality of life in perimenopausal women. METHODS: Studies related to the effect of Tai Chi on the quality of life in perimenopausal women in the databases of China and abroad were searched...
August 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742162/trajectories-of-anxiety-and-health-related-quality-of-life-during-pregnancy
#20
K Oliver Schubert, Tracy Air, Scott R Clark, Luke E Grzeskowiak, Edward Miller, Gustaaf A Dekker, Bernhard T Baune, Vicki L Clifton
Anxiety and health related Quality of Life (HRQoL) have emerged as important mental health measures in obstetric care. Few studies have systematically examined the longitudinal trajectories of anxiety and HRQoL in pregnancy. Using a linear growth modeling strategy, we analyzed the course of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)- and Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) scores between the 12th and the 36th week of gestation, in a sample of 355 women. We additionally analyzed the impact of depressive symptoms and a chronic medical condition (asthma), on STAI and SF-36 trajectory curves...
2017: PloS One
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