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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449566/dose-trends-of-aripiprazole-from-2004-to-2014-in-psychiatric-inpatients-in-korea
#1
Young Sup Woo, In Hee Shim, Sang-Yeol Lee, Dae-Bo Lee, Moon-Doo Kim, Young-Eun Jung, Jonghun Lee, Seunghee Won, Duk-In Jon, Won-Myong Bahk
Objective: Although aripiprazole has been widely used to treat various psychiatric disorders, little is known about the adequate dosage for Asian patients in clinical practice. Hence, we evaluated the initial and maximum doses of aripiprazole from 2004 to 2014 to estimate the appropriate dosage for Korean psychiatric inpatients in clinical practice. Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed the medical records of patients who were hospitalized in five university hospitals in Korea from March 2004 to December 2014...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449559/effects-of-escitalopram-on-anxiety-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Hee-Ju Kang, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Young Joon Hong, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Ho Jeong, Jin-Sang Yoon, Jae-Min Kim
Objective: There are no evidence-based practices for treating anxiety in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Thus, we investigated the effects of escitalopram on anxiety in this population. Methods: We enrolled 217 patients with ACS who met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) criteria for depressive disorders into a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study. Patients received either escitalopram or placebo over a 24-week period...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449492/somatic-cough-syndrome-or-psychogenic-cough-what-is-the-difference
#3
EDITORIAL
Anne E Vertigan
The term psychogenic cough has been used to describe cough without obvious medical etiology, which is refractory to medical management and considered to have a psychiatric or psychological basis. However there are limitations in the research into psychogenic cough with limited empirical data on how to define the condition or differentially diagnose it from other forms of chronic cough. The term somatic cough syndrome was introduced by the American College of Chest physicians in 2015 during their revision of the 2006 guideline on psychogenic cough...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449389/mindfulness-training-for-parents-of-children-with-special-needs-guidance-for-nurses-in-mental-health-practice
#4
Manika Petcharat, Patricia Liehr
PROBLEM: Parents of children with special needs encounter specific challenges in carrying out their caregiving roles. They experience difficulty accepting their children due to unrealistically high expectations. Mindfulness training (MT) may increase parental psychological well-being and acceptance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to examine the evidence-base for the effectiveness of MT in enhancing psychological well-being for parents of children with special needs as a foundation for guidance for nurses in mental health practice...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449355/father-child-interactions-at-3-months-and-24-months-contributions-to-children-s-cognitive-development-at-24-months
#5
Vaheshta Sethna, Emily Perry, Jill Domoney, Jane Iles, Lamprini Psychogiou, Natasha E L Rowbotham, Alan Stein, Lynne Murray, Paul G Ramchandani
The quality of father-child interactions has become a focus of increasing research in the field of child development. We examined the potential contribution of father-child interactions at both 3 months and 24 months to children's cognitive development at 24 months. Observational measures of father-child interactions at 3 and 24 months were used to assess the quality of fathers' parenting (n = 192). At 24 months, the Mental Developmental Index (MDI) of the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, Second Edition (N...
April 27, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449291/consumer-and-carer-perspectives-in-the-development-of-a-mental-health-research-treatment-and-teaching-facility-a-thematic-analysis
#6
M Katsikitis, B R Lane, I Ozols, D Statham
INTRODUCTION: Recovery-oriented mental health policies recognise consumer and carer participation in service decision-making as essential, but little is known about the views of these individuals in the earliest stages of service development. AIM: This study sought consumer and carer perspectives addressing the establishment of a mental health research, treatment, and teaching facility in their region. METHODS: Two 2 hr focus groups were conducted, with separate groups held for mental health consumers (n = 9) and carers (n = 9) respectively...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449285/research-review-childhood-chronic-physical-illness-and-adult-emotional-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Ekin Secinti, Ellen J Thompson, Marcus Richards, Darya Gaysina
BACKGROUND: Childhood chronic physical illness is associated with a greater vulnerability for emotional problems (i.e. depression and anxiety) in childhood. However, little is known about life-long effects of childhood chronic physical illness on mental health. The present study aims to systematically review evidence for associations between eight chronic physical illnesses with childhood onset (arthritis, asthma, cancer, chronic renal failure, congenital heart disease, cystic fibrosis, type 1 diabetes, and epilepsy) and adult emotional problems...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449279/review-of-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-translated-into-languages-spoken-by-children-and-adolescents-of-refugee-background
#8
Yvonne Stolk, Ida Kaplan, Josef Szwarc
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), routinely used to screen for children's and adolescents' emotional and behavioural problems, has been translated into at least 80 languages. As children of refugee background are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems resulting from their refugee experiences, this review examines whether SDQs translated into languages spoken by major refugee groups are validated and culturally equivalent to the original SDQ and sensitive to change following interventions...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449277/expertise-shapes-domain-specific-functional-cerebral-asymmetry-during-mental-imagery-the-case-of-culinary-arts-and-music
#9
Moustafa Bensafi, Arnaud Fournel, Pauline Joussain, Johan Poncelet, Lauranne Przybylski
Mental imagery in experts has been documented in visual arts, music and dance. Here, we examined this issue in an understudied art domain, namely culinary arts. Previous research investigating mental imagery in experts has reported either a stronger involvement of the right hemisphere or bilateral brain activation. The first aim of our study was to examine whether culinary arts also recruit such a hemispheric pattern specifically during odor mental imagery. In a second aim, we investigated whether expertise effects observed in a given sensory domain transfer to another modality...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449235/psychometric-properties-of-the-mental-health-and-social-inadaptation-assessment-for-adolescents-mia-in-a-population-based-sample
#10
Sylvana M Côté, Massimiliano Orri, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Michel Boivin, Christa Japel, Jean R Séguin, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Alexandra Rouquette, Bruno Falissard, Richard E Tremblay
We report on the psychometric properties of the Mental Health and Social Inadaptation Assessment for Adolescents (MIA), a self-report instrument for quantifying the frequency of mental health and psychosocial adaptation problems using a dimensional approach and based on the DSM-5. The instrument includes 113 questions, takes 20-25 minutes to answer, and covers the past 12 months. A population-based cohort of adolescents (n = 1443, age = 15 years; 48% males) rated the frequency at which they experienced symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Conduct Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Depression, Generalized Anxiety, Social Phobia, Eating Disorders (i...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449135/friendship-and-depression-among-couples-in-later-life-the-moderating-effects-of-marital-quality
#11
Sae Hwang Han, Kyungmin Kim, Jeffrey A Burr
Objectives: The aims of the study were to examine within-person associations between social interactions with friends (one's own and partner's) and depressive symptoms over time among couples in later life and to investigate whether marital quality moderated the associations. Methods: We used longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (2004-2012) to examine a sample of coupled individuals (dyad N = 6,833). Dyadic growth curve models were employed to test the study hypotheses...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449066/childhood-maltreatment-and-psychological-well-being-in-later-life-the-mediating-effect-of-contemporary-relationships-with-the-abusive-parent
#12
Jooyoung Kong
Objectives: Parental childhood maltreatment has a negative impact on psychological well-being in adulthood. However, little is known about whether and how contemporary relationships with an abusive parent might explain the long-term harmful effects. Thus, this study aims to examine the mediating effect of later-life relationships with an abusive parent on the association between parental childhood maltreatment and psychological well-being. Methods: Using the 2004-2005 Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, this study analyzed a total of 1,696 adults aged 65 years...
April 26, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449054/i-learn-therefore-i-am-a-phenomenological-analysis-of-meanings-of-lifelong-learning-for-vulnerable-older-adults
#13
Miya Narushima, Jian Liu, Naomi Diestelkamp
Background and Objectives: This study explores the lifelong learning experience of vulnerable older adults to find out (a) what is involved in their activities, (b) what meanings they take from their learning, and (c) how participation in a learning program helps to maintain their well-being and independent living despite their daily challenges. Research Design and Methods: This study employed a hermeneutic phenomenological approach. As part of a larger study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with older learners enrolled in general interest courses at a public continuing education program...
April 26, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449014/ethnic-disparities-in-the-use-of-seclusion-for-adult-psychiatric-inpatients-in-new-zealand
#14
Melissa McLeod, Paula King, James Stanley, Cameron Lacey, Ruth Cunningham
AIM: This study aims to investigate disparities in seclusion between Māori and non-Māori non-Pacific (nMnP) adults in mental health inpatient units in New Zealand. METHOD: This study uses data on 7,239 inpatient psychiatric admissions and 782 seclusion events for nine district health boards (servicing 39% of the New Zealand population) for the period 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2010, from a New Zealand Ministry of Health dataset (PRIMHD). We calculate the age-standardised rates of seclusion per monthly inpatient admissions...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449013/suicide-mortality-among-pacific-peoples-in-new-zealand-1996-2013
#15
Jemaima Tiatia-Seath, Roy Lay-Yee, Martin von Randow
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe trends in suicide mortality for Pacific peoples in New Zealand by reviewing official data over the period 1996-2013. METHOD: Death registrations where the underlying causes of death were intentional self-harm was examined and area of interest was identified and presented. RESULTS: Over a 17-year period (1996-2013), there were 380 total Pacific suicides (4.1%) out of 9,307 suicides nationally for New Zealand's total population...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449012/ethnic-inequality-in-diagnosis-with-depression-and-anxiety-disorders
#16
Carol Hj Lee, Isabelle M Duck, Chris G Sibley
AIMS: This study explored ethnic disparities in self-reported diagnosis of depression or an anxiety disorder by a doctor, relative to scores on the screening measure for these same forms of mental illness in a probability sample of New Zealand adults. METHODS: 15,822 participants responded to the 2014/15 New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study (NZAVS) longitudinal panel. Participants completed the Kessler-6 scale (a screening measure of non-specific psychological distress over the last month) and reported whether a doctor had diagnosed them with depression or an anxiety disorder any time in the last five years...
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448820/is-there-a-link-between-biological-parents-insight-into-their-offspring-s-schizophrenia-and-their-cognitive-functioning-expressed-emotion-and-knowledge-about-disorder
#17
Alexandra Macgregor, Joanna Norton, Stéphane Raffard, Delphine Capdevielle
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that parents' awareness of their offspring's schizophrenia could influence their offspring's insight. Low patient insight is linked to impairment of specific cognitive abilities, and biological parents of schizophrenia patients have impaired capacities in these same domains. However, little is known about what specific socio-demographic, affective or cognitive factors may influence biological parents' awareness of their offspring's disease. METHOD: Data were drawn from 41 patient-parent dyads...
April 13, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448815/spanking-and-subsequent-behavioral-problems-in-toddlers-a-propensity-score-matched-prospective-study-in-japan
#18
Sakurako Okuzono, Takeo Fujiwara, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ichiro Kawachi
Harsh or frequent spanking in early childhood is an established risk factor for later childhood behavioral problems as well as mental disorder in adulthood in Western societies. However, few studies have been conducted in Asian populations, where corporal punishment is relatively accepted. Moreover, the impacts of occasional spanking on subsequent behavioral problems remain uncertain. This study sought to investigate prospectively the association between the frequency of spanking of toddlers and later behavioral problems in Japanese children using national birth cohort data...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448813/adverse-childhood-experiences-mental-health-and-excessive-alcohol-use-examination-of-race-ethnicity-and-sex-differences
#19
Rosalyn D Lee, Jieru Chen
Responses from N=60,598 interviews from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (the 10 states and the District of Columbia that included the optional Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) module) were used to test whether associations between childhood adversity and adult mental health and alcohol behaviors vary by race/ethnicity and sex. ACE items were categorized into two types - household challenges and child abuse. Outcomes were current depression, diagnosed depression, heavy drinking and binge drinking...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448805/the-associations-between-quality-of-life-and-clinical-symptoms-in-individuals-with-an-at-risk-mental-state-and-first-episode-psychosis
#20
Noriyuki Ohmuro, Kazunori Matsumoto, Yu Ishii, Masahiro Katsura, Chika Obara, Tatsuo Kikuchi, Yumiko Hamaie, Fumiaki Ito, Hiroo Matsuoka
Quality of life (QOL) is strongly associated with severity of clinical symptoms and is often compromised in patients with chronic or first-episode psychosis (FEP). However, it remains unclear whether baseline QOL in individuals with an at-risk mental state (ARMS) for psychosis is higher or lower than that in patients with FEP, or what specific clinical symptoms relate to a decreased QOL in individuals with ARMS and FEP. The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF, an instrument assessing QOL, was administered to 104 individuals with ARMS and 53 with FEP...
April 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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