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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934319/an-examination-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-behavior-and-mental-well-being-in-adults-across-week-days-and-weekends
#1
Ann-Marie Gibson, David J Muggeridge, Adrienne R Hughes, Louise Kelly, Alison Kirk
BACKGROUND: Limited research has explored the links between sedentary behaviour, mental health and quality of life. This study examines objectively measured sedentary behaviour and perceived mental health and quality of life across week days and weekends. METHODS: 42 adults (19M, 23F; mean age 38yrs (range 18-67) & BMI 24.8kg/m2 (range 18.7-33.8) wore an activPAL monitor 24h/day for one week and completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and SF12 Health Survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934304/the-significant-effects-of-cerebral-microbleeds-on-cognitive-dysfunction-an-updated-meta-analysis
#2
Xuanting Li, Junliang Yuan, Lei Yang, Wei Qin, Shuna Yang, Yue Li, Huimin Fan, Wenli Hu
OBJECTIVE: Accumulated data suggests that cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) play an important role in the decline of cognitive function, but the results remain inconsistent. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the association between CMBs and cognitive function, as well as the various effects of CMBs on different domains of cognition. METHODS: We searched through the databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and ScienceDirect. After a consistency test, the publication bias was evaluated and a sensitivity analysis was performed with combined odds ratios (OR) and standardized mean difference (SMD) of CMBs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934181/notes-from-the-field-increase-in-reported-hepatitis-a-infections-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-new-york-city-january-august-2017
#3
Julia Latash, Marie Dorsinville, Paula Del Rosso, Mike Antwi, Vasudha Reddy, HaeNa Waechter, Jacqueline Lawler, Heather Boss, Philip Kurpiel, P Bryon Backenson, Charles Gonzalez, Shannon Rowe, Tasha Poissant, Yulin Lin, Guo-Liang Xia, Sharon Balter
Since 2011, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) has typically been notified of three or fewer cases of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection each year among men who have sex with men (MSM) who reported no travel to countries where HAV is endemic. This year, DOHMH noted an increase in HAV infections among MSM with onsets in January-March 2017, and notified other public health jurisdictions via Epi-X, CDC's communication exchange network. As a result, 51 patients with HAV infection involving MSM were linked to the increase in NYC...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934000/impact-of-preexisting-mental-illness-on-all-cause-and-breast-cancer-specific-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-breast-cancer
#4
Kristy Iglay, Melissa L Santorelli, Kim M Hirshfield, Jill M Williams, George G Rhoads, Yong Lin, Kitaw Demissie
Purpose Limited data are available on the survival of patients with breast cancer with preexisting mental illness, and elderly women are of special interest because they experience the highest incidence of breast cancer. Therefore, we compared all-cause and breast cancer-specific mortality for elderly patients with breast cancer with and without mental illness. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted by using SEER-Medicare data, including 19,028 women ≥ 68 years of age who were diagnosed with stage I to IIIa breast cancer in the United States from 2005 to 2007...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933964/identification-of-novel-spg11-mutations-in-a-cohort-of-chinese-families-with-hereditary-spastic-paraplegia
#5
Juan Du, Ya-Cen Hu, Bei-Sha Tang, Hong Jiang, Lu Shen
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurological diseases. To date, studies about Chinese ARHSP have been small and limited to single case. To fill this gap, we have scanned the whole exons of KIAA1840, ZFYVE26, SPG7 and CYP7B1 genes in a group of 36 unrelated ARHSP families, which is the first study conducted to investigate the mutation frequency of these ARHSP types in China. Finally, SPG11 mutations are found in 33.33% (12/36) of ARHSP patients in our study, and no mutation was identified in SPG15, SPG5 or SPG7 genes...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933926/law-enforcement-and-gun-retailers-as-partners-for-safely-storing-guns-to-prevent-suicide-a-study-in-8-mountain-west-states
#6
Carol W Runyan, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sara Brandspigel, Marian Betz, Gregory Tung, Douglas Novins, Robert Agans
OBJECTIVES: To examine the extent to which law enforcement agencies (LEAs) and gun retailers are willing to offer voluntary, temporary storage as a part of an overall suicide prevention effort. METHODS: We invited all LEAs and gun retailers in 8 US states to respond to questionnaires asking about their willingness to offer temporary gun storage and their recommendations to gun owners about safe storage. RESULTS: We collected data in 2016 from 448 LEAs and 95 retailers (response rates of 53% and 25%, respectively)...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933907/generating-lies-produces-lower-memory-predictions-and-higher-memory-performance-than-telling-the-truth-evidence-for-a-metacognitive-illusion
#7
Miri Besken
Manipulations that induce disfluency during encoding generally produce lower memory predictions for the disfluent condition than for the fluent condition. Similar to other manipulations of disfluency, generating lies takes longer and requires more mental effort than does telling the truth; hence, a manipulation of lie generation might produce patterns similar to other types of fluency for memory predictions. The current study systematically investigates the effect of a lie-generation manipulation on both actual and predicted memory performance...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933888/identifying-stable-variants-of-callous-unemotional-traits-a-longitudinal-study-of-at-risk-girls
#8
Natalie Goulter, Eva R Kimonis, Samuel W Hawes, Stephanie Stepp, Alison E Hipwell
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have proven important for designating children and adolescents showing a pattern of particularly severe, stable, and aggressive antisocial behaviors (Frick, Ray, Thornton, & Kahn, 2014). Individuals with secondary CU traits represent a subpopulation that are distinguished from those with primary CU traits by their high anxiety levels and marked histories of social/environmental adversity; however, evidence is largely based on cross-sectional male samples and this study is the first to examine stable trajectories of CU variants among an all-girl population...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933872/from-needs-to-goals-and-representations-foundations-for-a-unified-theory-of-motivation-personality-and-development
#9
Carol S Dweck
Drawing on both classic and current approaches, I propose a theory that integrates motivation, personality, and development within one framework, using a common set of principles and mechanisms. The theory begins by specifying basic needs and by suggesting how, as people pursue need-fulfilling goals, they build mental representations of their experiences (beliefs, representations of emotions, and representations of action tendencies). I then show how these needs, goals, and representations can serve as the basis of both motivation and personality, and can help to integrate disparate views of personality...
September 21, 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933707/high-accuracy-automatic-classification-of-parkinsonian-tremor-severity-using-machine-learning-method
#10
Hyoseon Jeon, Woongwoo Lee, Hyeyoung Park, Hong Ji Lee, Sang Kyong Kim, Han Byul Kim, Beomseok Jeon, Kwang Suk Park
Although clinical aspirations for new technology to accurately measure and diagnose Parkinsonian tremors exist, automatic scoring of tremor severity using machine learning approaches has not yet been employed. Objective: This study aims to maximize the scientific validity of automatic tremor-severity classification using machine learning algorithms to score Parkinsonian tremor severity in the same manner as the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) used to rate scores in real clinical practice...
September 21, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933677/exploring-health-work-a-critical-action-perspective
#11
John Hassard, Paula Hyde, Julie Wolfram Cox, Edward Granter, Leo McCann
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe a hybrid approach to the research developed during a multi-researcher, ethnographic study of NHS management in the UK. Design/methodology/approach This methodological paper elaborates a hybrid approach to the sociological analysis - the critical-action theory - and indicates how it can contribute to the critical health management studies. Findings After exploring the various theoretical, methodological and philosophical options available, the paper discusses the main research issues that influenced the development of this perspective and the process by which the critical-action perspective was applied to the studies of managerial work in four health service sectors - acute hospitals, ambulance services, community services and mental healthcare...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933627/primary-care-for-mentally-ill-adults-in-acute-residential-treatment-facilities
#12
Linda Chafetz, Gerri Collins-Bride
Psychiatric bed capacity has decreased nationally with an impact on the number and the types of patients admitted to acute in-patient units. Acute residential programs provide alternatives to hospitals for patients with problems that do not meet criteria for admission. However, these settings may not have resources to respond to the medical co-morbidities associated with severe mental illness. To understand the medical needs of patients in these settings, this research examined data from a nurse-managed primary care outreach service...
September 21, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933614/coping-strategies-and-adjustment-to-multiple-sclerosis-among-recently-diagnosed-patients-the-mediating-role-of-sense-of-coherence
#13
Emanuela Calandri, Federica Graziano, Martina Borghi, Silvia Bonino
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between coping strategies (problem solving, emotional release, and avoidance) and adjustment (health-related quality of life, depression, and affective well-being) in a group of recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis patients (up to three years since diagnosis), and to explore the mediating role of sense of coherence between coping strategies and adjustment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Multiple Sclerosis Clinic Centre...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933586/parents-in-adult-psychiatric-care-and-their-children-a-call-for-more-interagency-collaboration-with-social-services-and-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#14
Maria Afzelius, Margareta Östman, Maria Råstam, Gisela Priebe
BACKGROUND: A parental mental illness affects all family members and should warrant a need for support. AIM: To investigate the extent to which psychiatric patients with underage children are the recipients of child-focused interventions and involved in interagency collaboration. METHODS: Data were retrieved from a psychiatric services medical record database consisting of data regarding 29,972 individuals in southern Sweden and indicating the patients' main diagnoses, comorbidity, children below the age of 18, and child-focused interventions...
September 21, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933576/impact-of-a-mental-health-nursing-training-programme-on-the-perceived-recovery-orientation-of-patients-and-nurses-on-acute-psychiatric-wards-results-of-a-pilot-study
#15
Gianfranco Zuaboni, Sabine Hahn, Peter Wolfensberger, Thomas Schwarze, Dirk Richter
In mental health nursing, recovery-orientation is regarded as a best practice approach for patient care. To assess the effect of an intervention utilising a recovery-oriented approach in acute practice, a controlled pilot trial was conducted. On intervention wards, mental health nurses received special training. Recovery Self-Assessment Scale was used to assess the effects of the training. No statistically significant effects were found, between the experimental conditions. Reasons for this result may be methodological, practical or due an intervention that was not powerful enough...
September 21, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933566/validation-of-the-messi-among-adult-workers-and-young-students-general-health-and-personality-correlates
#16
Juan F Díaz-Morales, Christoph Randler, Arturo Arrona-Palacios, Ana Adan
The aim of this study was to provide validity for the Spanish version of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability Scale - improved (MESSi), a novel evolved assessment of circadian typology which considers the subjective phase and amplitude by morning affect (MA), eveningness (EV) and distinctness (DI; subjective amplitude) sub-scales. Convergence validity of the MESSi with the reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (rMEQ) and relationships with the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and sensitivity to reward and punishment (SR and SP) were analyzed...
September 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933358/substrate-deprivation-therapy-to-reduce-glycosaminoglycan-synthesis-improves-aspects-of-neurological-and-skeletal-pathology-in-mps-i-mice
#17
Ainslie L K Derrick-Roberts, Matilda R Jackson, Carmen E Pyragius, Sharon Byers
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is the most common form of the MPS group of genetic diseases. MPS I results from a deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme α-l-iduronidase, leading to accumulation of undegraded heparan and dermatan sulphate glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains in patient cells. MPS children suffer from multiple organ failure and die in their teens to early twenties. In particular, MPS I children also suffer from profound mental retardation and skeletal disease that restricts growth and movement. Neither brain nor skeletal disease is adequately treated by current therapy approaches...
February 23, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933254/the-efficacy-of-a-working-memory-training-in-substance-use-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Sabine Wanmaker, Sophie Maaike Jorinde Leijdesdorff, Elke Geraerts, Ben J M van de Wetering, Peter J Renkema, Ingmar H A Franken
INTRODUCTION: Substance use disorder patients show impairments in working memory (WM) functioning. Previous findings indicate that a WM training results in improvements of working memory capacity (WMC) and in decreased clinical symptoms in a range of mental disorders, including alcohol use disorder. METHOD: The aim of the current study is to investigate the efficacy of a 24-session WM training in addition to treatment as usual on craving, WMC, substance use, impulsivity, attention bias, and psychopathology using a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933237/cross-validation-and-development-of-empirically-derived-adhd-assessment-strategies-insights-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-health-add-health
#19
Shirag K Shemmassian, Steve S Lee
OBJECTIVE: There is replicated evidence that individual ADHD symptoms differentially predict ADHD diagnostic status, and that non- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-based symptom algorithms are superior to DSM criteria for ruling in or ruling out ADHD. However, these findings have been limited to case-control samples, despite the need to replicate them in independent and more representative samples and to increase their generalizability. METHOD: We analyzed the base rates and psychometric properties of ADHD symptoms in the population-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; http://www...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933190/assessment-of-capabilities-in-persons-with-advanced-stage-of-dementia-validation-of-the-montessori-assessment-system-mas
#20
Jérôme Erkes, Cameron J Camp, Stéphane Raffard, Marie-Christine Gély-Nargeot And, Sophie Bayard
This study evaluated the validity and reliability of the Montessori Assessment System. The Montessori Assessment System assesses preserved abilities in persons with moderate to severe dementia. In this respect, this instrument provides crucial information for the development of effective person-centered care plans. A total of 196 persons with a diagnosis of dementia in the moderate to severe stages of dementia were recruited in 10 long-term care facilities in France. All participants completed the Montessori Assessment System, the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale and/or the Mini Mental State Examination and the Severe Impairment Battery-short form...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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