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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648013/-retrospective-analysis-of-anesthetic-and-perioperative-management-in-patients-of-acute-fatty-liver-of-pregnancy
#1
Y Y Qu, H Zeng, X Y Guo, M Li
Objective: To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP), and to discuss perioperative and anesthetic management. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on the records of pregnant patients with a diagnosis of acute fatty liver of pregnancy in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2007 to December 2015. 12 cases were identified. The clinical features, preoperative laboratory findings, types of delivery, anesthetic techniques for cesarean section, and the outcomes of parturients and fetus were collected and analyzed...
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648007/-current-status-and-prospect-of-colorectal-cancer-in-precision-medical-model
#2
X S Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647992/-progress-of-research-in-relation-to-the-impact-of-climate-change-on-children-s-health-status
#3
J H Gao, L P Li, J Wang, X B Liu, H X Wu, J Li, J Li, Q Y Liu
Along with global warming, climate change has become one of the biggest public health challenges. The unique metabolism, behavior, physiology and development in children, will make them suffer more from the climate change. In the present review, we summarized the progress and situation of studies on the associations between climate change and children's health also trying to provide adaptation and mitigation strategies. The purpose of this study was to offer scientific evidence for prevention and control on the adverse effects as injuries, diseases and deaths among children that resulted from the changes of climate...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647982/-impact-of-diabetes-prevalence-and-mortality-on-health-life-expectancy-among-residents-in-zhejiang-province
#4
R Y Hu, F R Fei, J Pan, X Y Wang, H Wang, H B Wu, M Wang, W W Gong
Objective: To evaluate the impact of diabetes prevalence and mortality on health life expectancy (HLE). Methods: A cause-excluded health adjusted life expectancy method was used to quantitatively analyze the impact of diabetes on HLE and the composition of health life losses (HLL), using the integrated data on population mortality, self-assessed health status and diabetes prevalence. Results: The HLE for people aged 15 was 55.80 in Zhejiang, in 2013. After removing the diabetes morbidity and mortality, the HLE for men aged 15 increased by 0...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647976/-status-of-marriage-and-hiv-transmission-between-couples-in-newly-reported-hiv-cases-before-diagnosis-was-made-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-2014
#5
J Li, J Han, J Xu, H L Tang, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the status of marriage and HIV transmission between couples in newly reported HIV cases before diagnoses were made, among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. Methods: Baseline and follow-up information related to newly reported cases in 2014 were collected from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System. Infected MSM who were older than 22 years of age were included in this study. HIV cases were divided into sero-concordant or sero-discordant group, according to the HIV status of the couple who were tested 180 days post-diagnosis...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647973/-study-on-the-immunization-status-and-its-influencing-factors-among-workers-from-the-polio-network-laboratories-in-china
#6
Y S Guo, J Q Wang, C Xu, Y N Liu, X H He, Q Wei
Objective: To Investigate the immune status and influencing factors of provincial polio network laboratory (PNL) workers in China so as to provide evidence for the development of related strategies to protect personnel working at the PNLs. Methods: All the practitioners from the PNLs at the provincial centers for disease control, were selected as objects for this study, from October to December, 2016, under a questionnaire survey. Information on status of immunity and influencing factors was collected, with SAS software, trend chi-square used for statistics analysis...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647965/-paying-attention-to-different-health-needs-of-different-ethnic-groups-in-process-health-for-all-program
#7
T G Li, M Wang
In recent years, great effort has been made in the promotion of health for all in China. Articles on column on chronic and non-communicable disease risk factors in Uighur population, analysis based on the investigation results of Uygur population health status in the Kashi area of Xinjiang of China and similar domestic and foreign studies showed that the health data in different countries are different. The differences in health related data exist in different ethnic groups even in same country or same ethnic group in different areas...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647929/vitamin-d-status-among-israeli-medical-residents
#8
Hadar Moran-Lev, Dror Mandel, Yosef Weisman, Amit Ovental, Ronit Lubetzky
BACKGROUND: Israel is a country with a sunny climate; however, vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are common findings in certain populations whose exposure to sunlight is limited. Medical residency is known for long indoor working hours, thus theoretically limiting the opportunities for sun exposure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the vitamin D status among residents in a single medical center in Tel Aviv is below the normal range. METHODS: Forty-six residents (28 females, 18 males, average age 33...
June 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647917/novel-endpoints-for-heart-failure-clinical-trials
#9
REVIEW
Carine E Hamo, Mihai Gheorghiade, Javed Butler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the growing prevalence of heart failure, there is a particular need to develop new pharmacologic treatments that can improve outcomes. While there are several approved therapies for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, there is currently no approved agent for those with preserved ejection fraction. The current review aimed to explore the utility of alternate endpoints to mortality and hospitalization. RECENT FINDINGS: There is increased interest in the use of alternative endpoints such as functional status and quality of life for heart failure drug development to focus on patients feeling better in addition to improving outcomes...
June 24, 2017: Current Heart Failure Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647858/counter-intuitive-plasma-vitamin-d-and-zinc-status-in-hiv-1-infected-adults-with-persistent-low-level-viraemia-after-treatment-initiation-a-pilot-case-control-study
#10
H Melliez, A Duhamel, O Robineau, L Bocket, I Kim, E Sauser, F Loiseleur, N Viget, A Pasquet, E Senneville, D Seguy
Determinants of persistent low-level viraemia [PLLV, a viral load (VL) of between 50 and 500 copies/mL] have not been elucidated. In a case-control study, we evaluated the influence of micronutrients on PLLV in a population of 454 HIV-1 adults having initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) between January 2007 and December 2011. Plasma levels of retinol (vitamin A), 25-OH vitamin D2 + D3, vitamin E and zinc were measured at ART initiation in cases (PLLV after 6 months of ART) and in controls (VL <50 copies/mL after 6 months)...
June 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647850/wound-healing-protein-profiles-in-the-postoperative-exudate-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-mandible
#11
Soung Min Kim, Mi Young Eo, Yun Ju Cho, Yeon Sook Kim, Suk Keun Lee
Recurrent bacterial infections in cases of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw (BRONJ) frequently occur. Therefore, BRONJ are usually treated by radical saucerization followed by intensive antibiotic medications without bisphosphonate therapy. The postoperative exudate (POE) from BRONJ lesions may directly indicate the inflammatory status of osteomyelitis in patients, but so far, the POE has rarely been examined for its expression of various cytokines and wound healing proteins. A total of 27 cases of BRONJ, which involved the mandible, were selected and their individual POE collected 6 h, 1 day, and 2 days after surgical intervention was analyzed by immunoprecipitation high performance liquid chromatography (IP-HPLC)...
June 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647845/recent-progress-in-the-development-of-white-spot-syndrome-virus-vaccines-for-protecting-shrimp-against-viral-infection
#12
REVIEW
Shuying Feng, Chen Wang, Shu Hu, Qiongya Wu, Aifang Li
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) has been extensively investigated since the white spot disease outbreak in shrimp in 1990. These investigations have mainly focused on determining the function of viral structural proteins, and on utilizing the envelope proteins as subunit vaccines to protect the host. These studies have shown that a WSSV vaccine can be a practical and effective approach for controlling WSSV infection. The development of such a vaccine has become an intense focus of research in the field. This research has resulted in significant progress in the development of WSSV vaccines...
June 24, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647842/excellent-healing-rates-and-patient-satisfaction-after-arthroscopic-repair-of-medium-to-large-rotator-cuff-tears-with-a-single-row-technique-augmented-with-bone-marrow-vents
#13
Brian D Dierckman, Jake J Ni, Ronald P Karzel, Mark H Getelman
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the repair integrity and patient clinical outcomes following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair of medium to large rotator cuff tears using a single-row technique consisting of medially based, triple-loaded anchors augmented with bone marrow vents in the rotator cuff footprint lateral to the repair. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 52 patients (53 shoulders) comprising 36 males and 16 females with a median age of 62 (range 44-82) with more than 24-month follow-up, tears between 2 and 4 cm in the anterior-posterior dimension and utilizing triple-loaded anchors...
June 24, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647839/do-bumble-bee-bombus-impatiens-queens-signal-their-reproductive-and-mating-status-to-their-workers
#14
Etya Amsalem, Mario Padilla, Paul M Schreiber, Naomi S Altman, Abraham Hefetz, Christina M Grozinger
Reproduction in social insect societies reflects a delicate balance between cooperation and conflict over offspring production, and worker reproduction is widespread even in species showing strong reproductive skew in favor of the queen. To navigate these conflicts, workers are predicted to develop the means to estimate the queen's fecundity - potentially through behavioral and/or chemical cues - and to adjust their reproduction to maximize their fitness. Here, we introduced bumble bee, Bombus impatiens, workers to queens of different mating and reproductive status and examined worker reproduction and expression levels of two genes which were previously shown to be sensitive to the presence of the queen, vitellogenin and Krüppel-homolog 1...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647807/preoperative-nutritional-status-and-its-impact-on-cholangitis-after-kasai-portoenterostomy-in-biliary-atresia-patients
#15
Dandan Li, Xiaoai Chen, Kang Fu, Jixin Yang, Jiexiong Feng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the preoperative nutrition status in patients with biliary atresia (BA) and its effect on the cholangitis of Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE). METHODS: 106 patients who had been diagnosed with BA type III and were undergoing KPE were divided into two groups according to the score obtained using STRONGkids. Preoperative and postoperative data were collected to compare general characteristics and postoperative outcomes between the different groups...
June 24, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647805/a-comprehensive-health-profile-of-guyanese-immigrants-aged-18-64-in-schenectady-new-york
#16
Akiko S Hosler, Jamie R Kammer
Guyanese immigrants are the 5th largest foreign-born group in NY State, but sparse literature is available on their health status and health needs. A community-based health interview survey of Schenectady NY residents aged 18-64 (N = 1861) was analyzed. Bivariate comparisons between Guyanese respondents and White, Black, and Hispanic respondents were made for each variable to identify disparities. As predominantly low SES immigrants, Guyanese adults were less likely to be covered by health insurance, have a usual place for care, and receive cancer screenings...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647804/estimating-the-long-term-functional-burden-of-osteoporosis-related-fractures
#17
S Fischer, K A Kapinos, A Mulcahy, L Pinto, O Hayden, R Barron
Although fractures are associated with short-term reductions in functional status, there is limited information on longer-term burden of fracture. This study documents evidence of an association between fractures and significant declines and functional health and activities that persist but attenuate beyond two years. INTRODUCTION: Although fractures are associated with short-term reductions in functional status and may have other short-term effects on healthcare utilization (hospitalization and follow-up care), there is limited information on long-term burden of fracture beyond 12 to 24 months post-fracture...
June 24, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647803/chronic-joint-pain-and-handgrip-strength-correlates-with-osteoporosis-in-mid-life-women-a-singaporean-cohort
#18
S Logan, W P P Thu, W K Lay, L Y Wang, J A Cauley, E L Yong
This study aimed to identify novel correlates which may relate to low bone mass at lumbar spine in mid-life Asian women. The possibility of developing a prediction model for osteoporosis (OP) was explored which resulted in a risk assessment tool that performed better than currently available tools. INTRODUCTION: In order to identify novel correlates associated with low spinal bone mineral density (BMD) in mid-life women, we examined a large number of lifestyle and medical and performance measurements and developed a prediction model for triage to BMD scanning...
June 24, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647740/integrative-assessment-of-pretreatment-inflammation-nutrition-and-muscle-based-prognostic-markers-in-patients-with-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-undergoing-radical-cystectomy
#19
Makito Miyake, Yosuke Morizawa, Shunta Hori, Nagaaki Marugami, Kota Iida, Kenta Ohnishi, Daisuke Gotoh, Yoshihiro Tatsumi, Yasushi Nakai, Takeshi Inoue, Satoshi Anai, Kazumasa Torimoto, Katsuya Aoki, Nobumichi Tanaka, Keiji Shimada, Noboru Konishi, Kiyohide Fujimoto
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the clinical relevance of an integrative preoperative assessment of inflammation-, nutrition-, and muscle-based markers for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) undergoing curative radical cystectomy (RC). METHODS: The analysis enrolled 117 patients and the variables included age, body mass index (BMI), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), Controlling Nutritional Status score, psoas muscle index (PMI), and peak expiratory flow (PEF)...
June 24, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647714/the-burden-of-multiple-sclerosis-and-patients-coping-strategies
#20
Lorena Lorefice, Giuseppe Fenu, Jessica Frau, Giancarlo Coghe, Maria Giovanna Marrosu, Eleonora Cocco
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that mainly affects young people. Patients with MS experience several emotional responses to changed perceptions of themselves and manage this situation in ways focused on controlling the overall burden of disease. This present study aimed to evaluate differences between patients with MS and healthy controls (HCs) in coping styles, identifying the MS clinical features that influence adaptive responses. METHODS: Patients with MS, according to the McDonald 2010 criteria, and HCs were recruited...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
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