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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351715/the-impact-of-migration-background-on-the-health-outcomes-of-preschool-children-linking-a-cross-sectional-survey-to-the-school-entrance-health-examination-database-in-bavaria-germany
#1
Thu Giang Le Thi, Annette Heißenhuber, Thomas Schneider, Rebekka Schulz, Caroline Eva Wella Herr, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Gabriele Hölscher
AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the impact of migration background on the health outcomes of preschool children from families of various social status levels. METHODS: During the school entrance health examination (Schuleingangsuntersuchung (SEU)) from October 2012 to August 2013, the parents of 5052 preschool children (62% response rate) participated in a cross-sectional health survey within the framework of health-monitoring units (Gesundheits-Monitoring-Einheiten (GME)) in Bavaria, Germany...
January 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351672/high-treatment-success-rate-among-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-in-myanmar-2012-2014-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Myat K Thu, Ajay M V Kumar, Kyaw T Soe, Saw Saw, Saw Thein, Zaw Mynit, Htet M W Maung, Si T Aung
Background: Since 2011, Myanmar has adopted domiciliary care for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients and implemented several patient-support measures such as community-based directly observed treatment, nutritional support and financial incentives for patients and providers. We assessed treatment outcomes among MDR-TB patients registered for treatment in the Yangon and Mandalay Regions of Myanmar during 2012-2014 and factors associated with unfavourable treatment outcomes...
January 17, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351659/smoking-status-and-survival-among-a-national-cohort-of-lung-and-colorectal-cancer-patients
#3
Sandra J Japuntich, Pallavi Kumar, Jane Pendergast, Grelda Yazmin Juarez Caballero, Jennifer Malin, Robert Wallace, Elizabeth Chrischilles, Nancy L Keating, Elyse R Park
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to explore the association of smoking status and clinically relevant duration of smoking cessation with long-term survival after lung cancer (LC) or colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis. We compared survival of patients with LC and CRC who were never-smokers, long-term, medium-term, and short-term quitters, and current smokers around diagnosis. Methods: We studied 5,575 patients in Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance (CanCORS), a national, prospective observational cohort study, who provided smoking status information approximately 5 months after LC or CRC diagnosis...
January 17, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351649/sex-dependent-interactions-between-leptin-wasting-and-humoral-immunity-in-two-ethnic-communities-of-school-aged-children-differentially-exposed-to-schistosoma-haematobium
#4
Emmanuel Hermann, Lobna Gaayeb, Papa S Sow, Modou Seck, Andre B Sagna, Simon Senghor, Lydie Bandagny, Clement Brinkhuizen, Delphine Delcroix-Genete, Anne-Marie Schacht, Gilles Riveau
Background: Leptin is a nutritional hormone whose production is generally higher in females. We investigated how leptin is associated with sex dimorphism during urinary schistosomiasis in relation with wasting. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in three villages in northern Senegal. Ninety-eight school-aged children belonging to the Fulani or Wolof villages were enrolled. We performed parasitic diagnosis and anthropometric measurement to evaluate nutritional status...
January 17, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351635/reversibility-of-severe-mitral-valve-regurgitation-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation-single-centre-observations-from-a-real-life-population-of-patients
#5
Monica Dobrovie, Ricardo A Spampinato, Elena Efimova, Jaqueline G da Rocha E Silva, Julia Fischer, Michael Kuehl, Jens-Uwe Voigt, Ann Belmans, Agnieszka Ciarka, Fernanda Bonamigo Thome, Valerie Schloma, Yaroslava Dmitrieva, Sven Lehmann, Jochen Hahn, Elfriede Strotdrees, Friedrich-Wilhelm Mohr, Jens Garbade, Anna L Meyer
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact of untreated preoperative severe mitral valve regurgitation (MR) on outcomes after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. METHODS: Of the 234 patients who received LVAD therapy in our centre during a 6-year period, we selected those who had echocardiographic images of good quality and excluded those who underwent mitral valve replacement prior to or mitral valve repair during LVAD placement. The 128 patients selected were divided into 2 groups: Group A with severe MR (n = 65) and Group B with none to moderate MR (n = 63, 28 with moderate MR)...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351625/physical-activity-weight-and-functional-limitations-in-elderly-spanish-people-the-national-health-survey-2009-2014
#6
Pedro A Latorre-Román, José A Laredo-Aguilera, Felipe García-Pinillos, Víctor M Soto-Hermoso, Juan M Carmona-Torres
Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze physical activity (PA), functional limitations, weight status, self-perceived health status and disease or chronic health problems in older people aged 65 and over using the European Health Survey in Spain (EHSS) conducted one in 2009 and one in 2014. Methods: This study included 12,546 older people, 6026 [2330 men and 3696 women; age (Mean, SD) =75.61 ± 7.11 years old] in 2009 and 6520 [2624 men and 3896 women; age (Mean, SD) =75...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351618/maintenance-hormonal-therapy-after-treatment-with-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-for-patients-with-atypical-polypoid-adenomyoma
#7
Hidetaka Nomura, Yuko Sugiyama, Terumi Tanigawa, Maki Matoda, Sanshiro Okamoto, Kohei Omatsu, Hiroyuki Kanao, Kazuyoshi Kato, Kuniko Utsugi, Nobuhiro Takeshima
Background: As atypical polypoid adenomyoma (APA) has been reported to be a hormone-related tumor, we aimed to analyze the efficacy and safety of maintenance hormonal therapy after fertility-preserving treatment of these patients with medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). Methods: Data were retrospectively analyzed from patients with APA who were treated with a fertility-preserving regimen including MPA between October 2001 and December 2011. Eighteen patients were treated with MPA and 14 (77...
January 17, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351562/clinical-and-ultrasonographic-features-associated-to-response-to-intraarticular-corticosteroid-injection-a-one-year-follow-up-prospective-cohort-study-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patient-with-joint-effusion
#8
Joan Calvet, Cristóbal Orellana, Carlos Galisteo, María García-Manrique, Noemí Navarro, Assumpta Caixàs, Marta Larrosa, Jordi Gratacós
OBJECTIVES: Intraarticular injection is used for pain relief in knee osteoarthritis (OA), but there is not a well defined profile of patient who could get more benefit from it. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency of pain relief at one year after corticosteroids intraarticular injection and to identify clinical factors associated to response in patients with knee osteoarthritis with joint effusion. METHODS: One-year prospective cohort study of patients with knee OA with joint effusion confirmed by ultrasound...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351560/the-correlation-of-background-parenchymal-enhancement-in-the-contralateral-breast-with-patient-and-tumor-characteristics-of-mri-screen-detected-breast-cancers
#9
Suzan Vreemann, Albert Gubern-Mérida, Cristina Borelli, Peter Bult, Nico Karssemeijer, Ritse M Mann
PURPOSE: Higher background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) could be used for stratification of MRI screening programs since it might be related to a higher breast cancer risk. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to correlate BPE to patient and tumor characteristics in women with unilateral MRI-screen detected breast cancer who participated in an intermediate and high risk screening program. As BPE in the affected breast may be difficult to discern from enhancing cancer, we assumed that BPE in the contralateral breast is a representative measure for BPE in women with unilateral breast cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351555/omega-3-fatty-acid-desaturase-gene-family-from-two-%C3%AF-3-sources-salvia-hispanica-and-perilla-frutescens-cloning-characterization-and-expression
#10
Yufei Xue, Baojun Chen, Aung Naing Win, Chun Fu, Jianping Lian, Xue Liu, Rui Wang, Xingcui Zhang, Yourong Chai
Omega-3 fatty acid desaturase (ω-3 FAD, D15D) is a key enzyme for α-linolenic acid (ALA) biosynthesis. Both chia (Salvia hispanica) and perilla (Perilla frutescens) contain high levels of ALA in seeds. In this study, the ω-3 FAD gene family was systematically and comparatively cloned from chia and perilla. Perilla FAD3, FAD7, FAD8 and chia FAD7 are encoded by single-copy (but heterozygous) genes, while chia FAD3 is encoded by 2 distinct genes. Only 1 chia FAD8 sequence was isolated. In these genes, there are 1 to 6 transcription start sites, 1 to 8 poly(A) tailing sites, and 7 introns...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351551/periodontal-health-status-and-lung-function-in-two-norwegian-cohorts
#11
Antonio Manuel Pérez Barrionuevo, Francisco Gómez Real, Jannicke Igland, Ane Johannessen, Ernst Omenaas, Karl A Franklin, Laura Pérez Barrionuevo, Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Cecilie Svanes, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The oral cavity is united with the airways, and thus poor oral health may affect respiratory health. However, data on the interaction of periodontal and respiratory health is limited. We aimed to evaluate whether periodontal health status, assessed by the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), was related to lung function among young and middle-aged adults in two Norwegian cohorts. METHODS: Periodontal health status and lung function were measured among 656 participants in the Norwegian part of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECHRS III) and the RHINESSA offspring study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351504/a-systematic-literature-review-of-physiotherapy-and-rehabilitation-approaches-to-lower-limb-amputation
#12
Özlem Ülger, Tezel Yıldırım Şahan, Seher Erol Çelik
BACKGROUND: Successful use of prostheses after lower-limb amputation (LLA) depends on undergoing physiotherapy and rehabilitation both physically and psychologically. The aim of this systematic literature review is to systematically review the scientific evidence regarding prosthetic rehabilitation and physiotherapy after LLA. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane, CINAHL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and EMB Reviews databases on December 31, 2015...
January 19, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351494/factors-associated-with-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#13
Bianca Umbelino de Souza, Nilian Carla Silva Souza, Renata Brum Martucci, Viviane Dias Rodrigues, Nivaldo Barroso de Pinho, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Carla Maria Avesani
Introduction; Sarcopenia are frequently observed in cancer patients and was associated with poor prognosis. Objectives; to determine the association of nutritional status, body composition, and clinic parameters with sarcopenia in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods; We conducted a cross-sectional study of 197 patients with CRC. The sarcopenia elements, including lumbar skeletal muscle index (SMI), handgrip strength, and gait speed were measured. The SMI was assessed by computed tomography at third lumbar vertebra...
January 19, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351484/the-serum-metabolomics-signature-of-type-2-diabetes-is-obscured-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Jill K Morris, Brian D Piccolo, Kartik Shankar, John P Thyfault, Sean H Adams
There is evidence for systemic metabolic impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) increases AD risk. Although studies analyzing blood metabolomics signatures have shown differences between cognitively healthy (CH) and AD subjects, these signatures have not been compared to individuals with T2D. We utilized untargeted analysis platforms (primary metabolism and complex lipids) to characterize the serum metabolome of 126 overnight fasted elderly subjects classified into 4 groups based upon AD status (CH or AD) and T2D status (Nondiabetic [ND] or T2D)...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351436/therapeutic-attenuation-of-the-epithelial-sodium-channel-with-a-splunc1-derived-peptide-in-airway-diseases
#15
James F Collawn, Rafal Bartoszewski, Ahmad Lazrak, Sadis Matalon
The airway surface liquid (ASL) coats the lining of the airways and allows for efficient cilial movement and therefore effective mucociliary transport. Cell surface channels regulate the hydration status of the ASL and the two critical channels in the process are the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). In cystic fibrosis (CF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) there is loss of CFTR function or compromised CFTR function in chronic bronchitis, respectively...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351422/body-mass-specific-na-k-atpase-activity-in-the-medullary-thick-ascending-limb-implications-for-species-dependent-urine-concentrating-mechanisms
#16
Mun Aw, Tamara M Armstrong, C Michele Nawata, Sarah N Bodine, Jeeeun J Oh, Guojun Wei, Kristen K Evans, Mohammad Shahidullah, Timo Rieg, Thomas L Pannabecker
In general, mammalian whole body mass-specific metabolic rate correlates positively with maximal urine concentration (Umax) irrespective of whether or not the species have adapted to arid or mesic habitat. Accordingly, we hypothesized that the thick ascending limb (TAL) of a rodent with markedly higher whole body mass-specific metabolism than rat exhibits a substantially higher TAL metabolic rate as estimated by Na+, K+-ATPase activity and Na+, K+-ATPase α1 gene and protein expression. The kangaroo rat inner stripe of the outer medulla exhibits significantly higher mean Na+, K+-ATPase activity (~70%) compared to 2 rat strains (Sprague-Dawley and Munich-Wistar), extending prior studies showing rat activity exceeds rabbit...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351353/the-contributions-of-phonological-awareness-alphabet-knowledge-and-letter-writing-to-name-writing-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-typically-developing-children
#17
Stacey L Pavelko, R Jane Lieberman, Jamie Schwartz, Debbie Hahs-Vaughn
Purpose: Name writing is one aspect of emergent writing that has been used to understand emergent literacy development. Name-writing skills and the relationship of name writing to other emergent literacy skills have not been studied extensively in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Children with SLI consistently demonstrate delays in phonological awareness (PA), alphabet knowledge (AK), print awareness, and emergent writing. The purpose of this study was to examine the contributions of PA, AK, and letter writing to name writing in children with SLI and typically developing (TD) children...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351286/socio-economic-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-literature-review
#18
Grainne O'Donoghue, Aileen Kennedy, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Donatella Ciarapica, Marco Colotto, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Fiona Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Caterina Pesce, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Chantal Simon, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: To date, the scientific literature on socioeconomic correlates and determinants of physical activity behaviours has been dispersed throughout a number of systematic reviews, often focusing on one factor (e.g. education or parental income) in one specific age group (e.g. pre-school children or adults). The aim of this umbrella review is to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of the scientific literature from previously conducted research by summarising and synthesising the importance and strength of the evidence related to socioeconomic correlates and determinants of PA behaviours across the life course...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351271/risk-factors-for-low-birth-weight-according-to-the-multiple-logistic-regression-model-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-jos%C3%A3-mar%C3%A3-a-morelos-municipality-quintana-roo-mexico
#19
José Franco Monsreal, Miriam Del Ruby Tun Cobos, José Ricardo Hernández Gómez, Lidia Esther Del Socorro Serralta Peraza
INTRODUCTION: Low birth weight has been an enigma for science over time. There have been many researches on its causes and its effects. Low birth weight is an indicator that predicts the probability of a child surviving. In fact, there is an exponential relationship between weight deficit, gestational age, and perinatal mortality. Multiple logistic regression is one of the most expressive and versatile statistical instruments available for the analysis of data in both clinical and epidemiology settings, as well as in public health...
January 17, 2018: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351249/utilizing-dietary-micronutrient-ratios-in-nutritional-research-may-be-more-informative-than-focusing-on-single-nutrients
#20
Owen J Kelly, Jennifer C Gilman, Jasminka Z Ilich
The 2015 US dietary guidelines advise the importance of good dietary patterns for health, which includes all nutrients. Micronutrients are rarely, if ever, consumed separately, they are not tissue specific in their actions and at the molecular level they are multitaskers. Metabolism functions within a seemingly random cellular milieu however ratios are important, for example, the ratio of adenosine triphosphate to adenosine monophosphate, or oxidized to reduced glutathione. Health status is determined by simple ratios, such as the waist hip ratio, or ratio of fat mass to lean mass...
January 19, 2018: Nutrients
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