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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194278/burns-and-frostbite-in-the-red-army-during-world-war-ii
#1
Vladimir Sokolov, Alexey Biryukov, Igor Chmyrev, Mikhail Tarasenko, Pavel Kabanov
The start of World War II (WWII) led to the deployment of combat troops in several continents. Destruction and many casualties among both the military and civilians became an inevitable consequence. A large amount of people injured were in need of life-saving treatment and a speedy return to duty. Intensive studies of the specific issues of diagnosis and treatment of thermal injury were conducted in the Soviet Union before the war. The first special units for patients with burn injuries were created, and the first specialists received their first clinical experience...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192051/strengthening-health-systems-through-international-blood-product-sharing-agreements
#2
Sanjana J Ravi
Blood products are critical to the success of both routine healthcare delivery and emergency response efforts. Ensuring the safety and availability of blood products presents nations with considerable collection, screening, and distribution challenges that are often exacerbated by public health crises, particularly mass-casualty events involving traumatic injuries. However, recent outbreaks of Ebola and Zika virus disease have also illustrated the importance of securing blood product supplies during ongoing infectious disease emergencies...
January 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187203/preliminary-study-on-alterations-of-altitude-road-traffic-in-china-from-2006-to-2013
#3
Hui Zhao, Zhiyong Yin, Hongyi Xiang, Zhikang Liao, Zhengguo Wang
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic can play an important role in strengthening regional economic activities, especially at high altitude, and it is necessary to know important traffic-related information. Although previous studies reported on road traffic in China, there has been little research on high-altitude road traffic to date. METHOD: The annual official census of road traffic safety from 2006 to 2013 was used to obtain data on the general population, registered drivers, registered vehicles, newly built roads, road traffic accidents (RTAs), mortality rate per 100 000 populations and per 10 000 vehicles in high-altitude provinces, including Tibet, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Gansu, Yunnan, Sichuan, and Chongqing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179694/functional-and-anatomical-outcome-in-closed-globe-combat-ocular-injuries
#4
Qamar Ul Islam, Mazhar Ishaq, Amer Yaqub, Muhammad Kamran Saeed
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the pattern, visual and anatomical outcome of closed globe combat-related ocular injuries sustained by troops. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, and comprised patients with ocular injuries from January 2010 to June 2014. Record of each patient was evaluated and demography, mode and type of injury, initial and final visual acuity, associated globe injuries, concomitant non-ocular injuries, type of surgical procedures and complications were endorsed on a pre-devised proforma...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179389/homonymous-hemianopia-in-the-primary-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#5
Derek Kwun-Hong Ho, Rishi Ramessur, Mradul Gupta, John P Mathews
A woman aged 26 years was referred by her GP to the eye casualty department with sudden-onset left homonymous hemianopia and right-sided headache. Full ophthalmic examination was normal with the exception of a left homonymous hemianopia confirmed with automated perimetry. Urgent CT imaging revealed a non-haemorrhagic cerebral infarct in the right parieto-occipital region. Subsequent blood tests confirmed a diagnosis of antiphospholipid syndrome with positivity in IgG anticardiolipin antibody, IgG anti-β2-GP1 antibody and the Lupus anticoagulant screen...
February 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166898/identification-of-the-emplacement-of-improvised-explosive-devices-by-experienced-mission-payload-operators
#6
Nathan J McNeese, Nancy J Cooke, Russell Branaghan, Ashley Knobloch, Amanda Taylor
Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) have become one of the deadliest threats to military personnel, resulting in over 50% of American combat casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan. Identification of IED emplacement is conducted by mission payload operators (MPOs). Yet, experienced MPOs are limited in number, making MPO training a critical intervention. In this article, we implement a Cognitive Engineering Based on Expert Skill methodology to better understand how experienced MPOs identify the emplacement of IEDs for the purposes of improving training...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166412/the-casualties-from-electric-bike-and-motorized-scooter-road-accidents
#7
Maya Siman-Tov, Irina Radomislensky, Israel Trauma Group, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe demographic and injury characteristics of hospitalized injured patients involved in e-bike and motorized scooter accidents at a national level in Israel divided by different road user groups: riders and pedestrians. METHODS: This was a retrospective study based on data from the National Trauma Registry, between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2015. All hospitalized casualties due to the involvement of an e-bike or motorized scooter were included...
April 3, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164054/a-very-rare-presentation-of-type-1-monteggia-equivalent-fracture-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-distal-forearm-approach-with-outcome-case-report
#8
Dhananjay Singh, Bhanu Awasthi, Vikas Padha, Sanjay Thakur
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of Type 1 Monteggia equivalent injury with intact radio-capitellar congruity, associated with epiphyseal fracture of distal radius and distal ulna shaft in an 11-year-old boy. There are only a few cases of Monteggia or Monteggia equivalent injury with ipsilateral forearm fractures in children, and injury pattern being reported by us is not only rare but also the only case reported thus far to the best of our knowledge, Sood et al. described Type 1 equivalent with epiphyseal injuries of both radius and ulna Osada et al...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162916/investigation-on-occupant-injury-severity-in-rear-end-crashes-involving-trucks-as-the-front-vehicle-in-beijing-area-china
#9
Quan Yuan, Meng Lu, Athanasios Theofilatos, Yi-Bing Li
PURPOSE: Rear-end crashes attribute to a large portion of total crashes in China, which lead to many casualties and property damage, especially when involving commercial vehicles. This paper aims to investigate the critical factors for occupant injury severity in the specific rear-end crash type involving trucks as the front vehicle (FV). METHODS: This paper investigated crashes occurred from 2011 to 2013 in Beijing area, China and selected 100 qualified cases i...
November 9, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161564/management-of-vascular-trauma-during-the-paris-terrorist-attack-of-november-13-2015
#10
Philippe Tresson, Joseph Touma, Julien Gaudric, Quentin Pellenc, Marielle Le Roux, Charles Pierret, Hicham Kobeiter, Pierre Julia, Olivier Goeau-Brissonniere, Pascal Desgranges, Fabien Koskas, Yves Castier
OBJECTIVES: On November 13, 2015, Paris and Saint-Denis were the targets of terrorist attacks. The hospitals of the Public Hospitals of Paris Organization (AP-HP) and the Percy Armed Forces Instruction Hospitals were mobilized to face the mass casualty situation. The objective of this study was to analyze the management of the victims presenting with a non-thoracic vascular trauma (NTVT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All the data relating to the victims of NTVT who required a specific vascular open or endovascular treatment were analyzed retrospectively...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152053/evaluation-of-absorbent-materials-for-use-as-ad-hoc-dry-decontaminants-during-mass-casualty-incidents-as-part-of-the-uk-s-initial-operational-response-ior
#11
Nick Kassouf, Sara Syed, Joanne Larner, Richard Amlôt, Robert P Chilcott
The UK's Initial Operational Response (IOR) is a revised process for the medical management of mass casualties potentially contaminated with hazardous materials. A critical element of the IOR is the introduction of immediate, on-scene disrobing and decontamination of casualties to limit the adverse health effects of exposure. Ad hoc cleansing of the skin with dry absorbent materials has previously been identified as a potential means of facilitating emergency decontamination. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro oil and water absorbency of a range of materials commonly found in the domestic and clinical environments and to determine the effectiveness of a small, but representative selection of such materials in skin decontamination, using an established ex vivo model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150265/-ethical-debates-related-to-the-allocation-of-medical-resources-during-the-response-to-the-mass-casualty-incident-at-formosa-fun-coast-water-park
#12
Jing-Shia Tang, Chia-Jung Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
Disasters are unpredictable and often result in mass casualties. Limited medical resources often affect the response to mass casualty incidents, undermining the ability of responders to adequately protect all of the casualties. Thus, the injuries of casualties are classified in hopes of fully utilizing medical resources efficiently in order to save the maximum possible number of people. However, as opinions on casualty prioritization are subjective, disagreements and disputes often arise regarding allocating medical resources...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149084/clinical-predictors-of-abnormal-head-computed-tomography-scan-in-patients-who-are-conscious-after-head-injury
#13
Rakesh Kumar Mishra, Ashok Munivenkatappa, Vasuki Prathyusha, Dhaval P Shukla, Bhagavatula Indira Devi
BACKGROUND: Indication of a head computed tomography (CT) scan in a patient who remains conscious after head injury is controversial. We aimed to determine the clinical features that are most likely to be associated with abnormal CT scan in patients with a history of head injury, and who are conscious at the time of presentation to casualty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective observation study of patients presented to casualty with history of head injury, and who were conscious, i...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147494/extremes-in-dynamic-stochastic-systems
#14
Christian L E Franzke
Extreme events capture the attention and imagination of the general public. Extreme events, especially meteorological and climatological extremes, cause significant economic damages and lead to a significant number of casualties each year. Thus, the prediction of extremes is of obvious importance. Here, I will survey the predictive skill and the predictability of extremes using dynamic-stochastic models. These dynamic-stochastic models combine deterministic nonlinear dynamics with a stochastic component, which consists potentially of both additive and multiplicative noise components...
January 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146034/interprofessional-mass-casualty-incident-simulation-design-protocol-to-prepare-prelicensure-nursing-students-to-respond-to-a-disaster
#15
Kelley Strout, Deborah A Saber, Lisa Swanson Caruso, Charlene Ingwell-Spolan, Aiden Koplovsky, Erica M Caron, Jennifer Federico, Colin Hulst, Isabella Etro
Nurses need to be prepared to respond to mass casualty incidents. Simulation is an ideal teaching intervention that can be used to prepare nursing students to effectively triage patients and allocate limited resources. This article describes a detailed interprofessional mass casualty simulation of a bus crash with 32 victims. Nursing students trained with emergency responders with students acting as charge nurses throughout the simulation. The details of the simulation are provided for faculty to replicate.
February 1, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144892/10%C3%A2-years-of-preparedness-by-the-radiation-injury-treatment-network
#16
REVIEW
Cullen Case
The Radiation Injury Treatment Network (RITN) began in 2006 with the ambitious vision to provide a resource to help with the surge of casualties following a mass casualty incident with marrow toxic injuries. Through the efforts of the National Marrow Donor Program and American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation with the support of the Office of Naval Research, the initial 13 hospitals and cancer centers have grown to 76, training over 13,500 hospital staff and conducted, funded, and supported 580 disaster exercises testing preparedness...
January 31, 2017: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140436/en-route-intraosseous-access-performed-in-the-combat-setting
#17
Shelia Savell, Alejandra G Mora, Crystal A Perez, Vikhyat S Bebarta, Maj Joseph K Maddry
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare vascular access practices used by en route care providers during medical evacuation (MEDEVAC). DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. Medical records of US military personnel injured in combat and transported by MEDEVAC teams were queried. PATIENTS: The subjects were transported by military en route care providers, in the combat theater during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) between January 2011 and March 2014...
October 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134796/earthquake-damage-visualization-edv-technique-for-the-rapid-detection-of-earthquake-induced-damages-using-sar-data
#18
Ram C Sharma, Ryutaro Tateishi, Keitarou Hara, Hoan Thanh Nguyen, Saeid Gharechelou, Luong Viet Nguyen
The damage of buildings and manmade structures, where most of human activities occur, is the major cause of casualties of from earthquakes. In this paper, an improved technique, Earthquake Damage Visualization (EDV) is presented for the rapid detection of earthquake damage using the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data. The EDV is based on the pre-seismic and co-seismic coherence change method. The normalized difference between the pre-seismic and co-seismic coherences, and vice versa, are used to calculate the forward (from pre-seismic to co-seismic) and backward (from co-seismic to pre-seismic) change parameters, respectively...
January 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134070/earthquake-related-orthopedic-injuries-in-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#19
Michelangelo Bortolin, Ilaria Morelli, Amalia Voskanyan, Nina R Joyce, Gregory R Ciottone
: Introduction Earthquake-related trauma results in crush injuries and bony- and soft-tissue trauma. There are no systematic reviews analyzing the typical injury patterns and treatments in "Mega-Mass-Casualty" earthquakes. The characterization of an injury pattern specific to disaster type, be it natural or manmade, is imperative to build an effective disaster preparedness and response system. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132665/exploring-injury-panorama-consequences-and-recovery-among-bus-crash-survivors-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#20
Isabelle Doohan, Ulf Björnstig, Ulrika Östlund, Britt-Inger Saveman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore physical and mental consequences and injury mechanisms among bus crash survivors to identify aspects that influence recovery. METHODS: The study participants were the total population of survivors (N=56) from a bus crash in Sweden. The study had a mixed-methods design that provided quantitative and qualitative data on injuries, mental well-being, and experiences. Results from descriptive statistics and qualitative thematic analysis were interpreted and integrated in a mixed-methods analysis...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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