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Antihypertensive drugs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791508/does-arterial-hypertension-influence-the-onset-of-huntington-s-disease
#1
Leire Valcárcel-Ocete, Asier Fullaondo, Gorka Alkorta-Aranburu, María García-Barcina, Raymund A C Roos, Lena E Hjermind, Carsten Saft, Marina Frontali, Ralf Reilmann, Hugh Rickards, Ana M Zubiaga, Ana Aguirre
Huntington's disease (HD) age of onset (AO) is mainly determined by the length of the CAG repeat expansion in the huntingtin gene. The remaining AO variability has been attributed to other little-known factors. A factor that has been associated with other neurodegenerative diseases is arterial hypertension (AHT). The aim of this study is to evaluate the contribution of AHT to the AO of HD. We used data from a cohort of 630 European HD patients with adult onset collected by the REGISTRY project of the European Huntington's Disease Network...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789102/an-update-on-drug-induced-oral-reactions
#2
Hila Yousefi, Mohammas Abdollahi
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are one of the major culprits in the development of oral lesions, which can be misdiagnosed with underlying diseases. The goal of this study is to summarize and update the current knowledge about drug-induced oral reactions. Electronic searches were performed in Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane and PubMed databases, for articles published between January 2008 and August 2017. Two authors screened the titles and abstracts for eligibility. Finally, 56 studies included in this review...
2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786508/-use-of-the-evalobs-%C3%A2-adherence-scale-in-an-unselected-french-population-of-treated-subjects-with-antihypertensive-hypolipemiants-or-oral-antidiabetics-medications-the-flahs-2017-adherence-survey
#3
X Girerd, O Hanon, B Vaïsse
OBJECTIVE: A Visual Analog Scale (VAS) is useful for diagnosing medication nonadherence and its validity has been evaluated using electronic pillbox as the gold standard. We have developed the EvaLobs® scale for use on paper or on smartphone and the aim of the study was to administrate the scale among FLAHS 2017 participants treated for an hypertension, a dyslipidemia or diabetes. In subjects treated with antihypertensive medications, participants completed the 6-item Girerd Scale and EvaLobs® ...
May 18, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785686/decreasing-the-burden-of-side-effects-through-positive-message-framing-an-experimental-proof-of-concept-study
#4
Marcel Wilhelm, Winfried Rief, Bettina K Doering
PURPOSE: Informing patients about treatment side effects increases the occurrence and intensity of side effects. Since the obligatory informed consent procedure in drug treatments requires transparency and nocebo research suggests that the informed consent of a drug leads to an increased occurrence of the mentioned side effects, the aim of this proof of concept study was to determine the effect of two different framings of informed consent on the occurrence, intensity, and perceived threat of side effects...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783197/quantification-of-21-antihypertensive-drugs-in-serum-using-uhplc-ms-ms
#5
Per Ole M Gundersen, Arne Helland, Olav Spigset, Solfrid Hegstad
BACKGROUND: Poor drug adherence in hypertensive patients can lead to treatment failure and increased cardiovascular morbidity, as well as increased costs to society. An analytical method based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MSMS) was developed and validated for use in routine therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). The method includes 21 antihypertensive drugs or active metabolites from the groups beta blockers (n=5), calcium antagonists (n=5), angiotensin II receptor antagonists (n=4), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (n=3) and diuretics (n = 3), in addition to one α1-selective alpha blocker...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782299/drug-induced-subacute-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus-caused-by-a-topical-beta-blocker-timolol
#6
Monika Bilewicz-Stebel, Bartosz Miziołek, Beata Bergler-Czop, Anna Stańkowska
Drug-induced lupus erythematosus (DI-LE) is an autoimmune condition secondary to a recent pharmacological intervention. There are no established specific diagnostic criteria for DI-LE, and the disease is recognized based on the medical history of the patient. Typically, the onset is closely related to a recent drug exposure, and the disease terminates after discontinuation of the inducing factor. The most frequent form of DI-LE is drug-induced subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus (DI-SCLE). There has been an increasing number of drugs which are suspected to provoke SCLE lesions...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782289/-the-effect-of-changing-of-conventional-antihypertensive-therapy-to-a-triple-fixed-combination-therapy-with-rosuvastatin-in-high-cardiovascular-risk-patients
#7
F T Ageev, Z N Blankova, N S Samsonova
BACKGROUND: The low efficiency of recommended therapy for reducing cardiovascular risk (CV) in patients with arterial hypertension even with an effective blood pressure decrease is often due to the persistence of high blood cholesterol and arterial stiffness. Among the effective ways to achieve the goal of therapy is considered the changing to a single-pill combinations (SPCs) of two antihypertensive drugs and statin. AIM: To assess influence of fixed combination consisted of amlodipine, lisinopril and rosuvastatin to the dynamic of lipid spectrum, blood pressure level and elastic properties of arteries in patients with arterial hypertension and high risk of cardio-vascular complications being transferred from their preceding antihypertensive therapy...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781721/current-prescription-status-of-antihypertensive-drugs-in-japanese-patients-with-hypertension-analysis-by-type-of-comorbidities
#8
Takayuki Ishida, Akinori Oh, Shinzo Hiroi, Yukio Shimasaki, Takuya Tsuchihashi
In 2014, the Japanese Society of Hypertension (JSH) issued revised guidelines for hypertension management. To assess adherence to the guidelines, this retrospective study evaluated the real-world status of antihypertensive drug prescribing for Japanese patients with hypertension, classified by comorbidity: diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, gout/hyperuricemia and renal diseases. Data on 59,867 hypertensive patients who received their first prescription for antihypertensive therapy between April 2014 and March 2015, were obtained from a medical insurance claims database for hospitals participating in the Diagnosis Procedure Combination/Per-Diem payment system...
May 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766272/blood-pressure-is-normal-but-is-the-heart
#9
Serkan Fazlı Çelik, Cemşit Karakurt, Yılmaz Tabel, Taner Elmas, Saim Yoloğlu
BACKGROUND: There is no detailed strain analysis of cardiac functions in treated hypertensive pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardio-protective effects of different drug classes in treated pediatric hypertensive patients. METHODS: Sixty non-obese-treated hypertensive patients with preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function and 45 age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy subjects underwent clinical evaluation, including 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, standard echocardiographic examination, tissue Doppler imaging, and two-dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765224/statins-use-and-risk-of-new-onset-diabetes-in-hypertensive-patients-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-yinzhou-district-ningbo-city-people-s-republic-of-china
#10
Hailong Li, Hongbo Lin, Houyu Zhao, Yang Xu, Yinchu Cheng, Peng Shen, Siyan Zhan
Background: Reports have suggested that statin use is associated with an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Guidelines suggested that statins should be prescribed in hypertensive patients for primary prevention. However, there were very few studies on the risk of T2DM associated with statin use among patients with hypertension in mainland People's Republic of China. Purpose: To determine the association between statin use and new-onset diabetes mellitus among patients with hypertension in mainland People's Republic of China...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765168/mucosal-delivery-systems-of-antihypertensive-drugs-a-practical-approach-in-general-practice
#11
Lukasz P Bialy, Cezary Wojcik, Izabela Mlynarczuk-Bialy
Patients who are unable to receive oral medication (p.o.) are a major problem in outpatient settings, especially in home health care systems. Mucosal administration of drugs offers an alternative to the oral route, especially when the parenteral mode cannot be used. There are three main pathways of mucosal administration: sublingual/buccal, intranasal and rectal. We discuss the possibility of mucosal delivery of antihypertensive drugs. Perindopril arginine and Amlodipine besylate are registered in the EU as orodispersible tablets for oromucosal delivery, however, they are not available in all countries...
May 15, 2018: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762878/risk-of-hypoglycemia-after-concomitant-use-of-antidiabetic-antihypertensive-and-antihyperlipidemic-medications-a-database-study
#12
Masahiko Gosho
Hypoglycemia is the most important complication of antidiabetic medications. Most patients with diabetes mellitus take multiple medications. In this study, we explored clinical drug-drug interactions that result in hypoglycemia by analyzing the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report (JADER) database. The primary outcome was the report of hypoglycemia. The Norén and Gosho methods, which quantitatively measure the discrepancy between the observed and expected number of adverse events under the combination of 2 drugs, were used as the criteria for detecting drug-drug interactions...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761608/effect-of-renal-denervation-on-coronary-flow-reserve-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension
#13
Sebastian Völz, Bert Andersson, Charlotta Ljungman, Li-Ming Gan, Bengt Rundqvist, Sara Svedlund
Renal denervation (RDN) is a potential modality in the treatment of patients with resistant hypertension (RH) and has shown beneficial effect on a variety of cardiovascular surrogate markers. Coronary flow reserve, as assessed by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TDE-CFR) is impaired in patients with hypertension and is an independent predictor of cardiac morbidity. However, data on the effect of RDN on TDE-CFR are scarce. The main objective of this study was to assess the effect of RDN on TDE-CFR. Twenty-six consecutive patients with RH (9 female and 17 male; mean age 62 ± 8 years; mean number of antihypertensive drugs 4·2 ± 1·6) underwent bilateral RDN...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761297/severe-neurologic-complications-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-a-single-center-review
#14
Sarah Mancone, Thomas Lycan, Tamjeed Ahmed, Umit Topaloglu, Andrew Dothard, William J Petty, Roy E Strowd
BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are a promising class of anticancer drugs associated with immune-related adverse events (IRAEs). In registration studies of selected cancer populations, neurologic IRAEs were rare. Post-marketing experience describing their prevalence in clinical practice continues to be reported. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of patients treated at our institution with ICIs from 2005 to 2017 was identified. Patients with new neurologic ICD codes documented during or after ICI treatment were enrolled...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760188/depression-in-type-1-diabetes-was-associated-with-high-levels-of-circulating-galectin-3
#15
Eva O Melin, Jonatan Dereke, Maria Thunander, Magnus Hillman
OBJECTIVE: Neuroinflammatory responses are implicated in depression. The aim was to explore whether depression in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) was associated with high circulating galectin-3, controlling for metabolic variables, s-creatinine, life style factors, medication, and cardiovascular complications. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Participants were T1D patients (n=283, 56% men, age 18-59 years, diabetes duration ≥1 year)...
May 14, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758555/secondary-prevention-three-and-six-years-after-stroke-using-the-french-national-insurance-healthcare-system-database
#16
Laura Mechtouff, Julie Haesebaert, Marie Viprey, Valérie Tainturier, Anne Termoz, Sylvie Porthault-Chatard, Jean-Stéphane David, Laurent Derex, Norbert Nighoghossian, Anne-Marie Schott
BACKGROUND: Secondary prevention is inadequate in the first 2 years after stroke but what happens after that is less documented. The aim of this study was to assess the use and the adherence to preventive drugs 3 and 6 years after experiencing a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or an ischemic stroke (IS). METHODS: The population study was from the AVC69 cohort (IS or TIA admitted in an emergency or stroke unit in the Rhône area, France, for an IS or a TIA during a 7-month period)...
May 14, 2018: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757834/hypertension-management-options-2017-guideline
#17
Kristine Anne Scordo
The new hypertension guideline lowers the definition of high BP to 130/80 mm Hg. This means that millions of adults will now be diagnosed with hypertension and that many of those taking antihypertensive drugs are not at goal. The challenge is to communicate the change, the strength of evidence behind the change, and the options available to patients. Healthcare providers must be knowledgeable of the new guideline and must be ready to meet this challenge.
June 11, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755915/unusual-long-survival-with-a-giant-invasive-pheochromocytoma-of-an-incompatible-patient
#18
Asli Nar
Pheochromocytomas (PHEOs) are rare neuroendocrine tumors and about 2-13% of PHEOs are malignant. Predicting malignancy in PHEO cases with invasion but without metastasis is still controversial in the literature. This study presents an unusual long survival with a giant invasive PHEO in an incompatible patient and a review of the literature. In 1989, a 23-year-old female patient was operated for a giant adrenal mass with a pathological final diagnosis of PHEO. Information to the patient's family was provided about the short life span of the patient in the postoperative period because the tumor could not be totally resected...
March 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755695/hypertension-in-malignancy-an-underappreciated-problem
#19
REVIEW
Jolanta Małyszko, Maciej Małyszko, Leszek Kozlowski, Klaudia Kozlowska, Jacek Małyszko
Hypertension is one of the most common comorbidities in cancer patients with malignancy, in particular, in the elderly. On the other hand, hypertension is a long-term consequence of antineoplastic treatment, including both chemotherapy and targeted agents. Several chemotherapeutics and targeted drugs may be responsible for development or worsening of the hypertension. The most common side effect of anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) treatment is hypertension. However, pathogenesis of hypertension in patients receiving this therapy appears to be associated with multiple pathways and is not yet fully understood...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753419/severe-renal-failure-and-thrombotic-microangiopathy-induced-by-malignant-hypertension-successfully-treated-with-spironolactone
#20
H M Villafuerte Ledesma, J M Peña Porta, P Iñigo Gil, P Martin Azara, J E Ruiz Lalglesia, A Tomás LaTorre, A Martínez Burillo, P Vernet Perna, R Álvarez Lipe
Malignant hypertension can cause thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) characterized by hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. On the other hand, severe hypertension is sometimes associated with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Distinguishing these entities is important because of therapeutic implications. Plasmapheresis should be initiated as soon as possible if we are dealing with TTP. We describe the case of a 30-year-old man referred to our hospital with malignant hypertension, severe renal failure and TMA: haemoglobin=9g/dL, total bilirubin=0...
May 9, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
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