keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cultural Psychiatry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771102/-reclusion-and-physical-restraint-in-psychiatry-influencing-factors-and-alternatives
#1
Jérôme Morisset
Introduction and context: The use of reclusion and restraint is neither a recent practice nor a rare practice in psychiatric services. In France, the Controller General of Places of Deprivation of Liberty reported certain drifts in 2015. Since then, the public authorities have sought to frame this practice with the aim of limiting its use. OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: The purpose of this study is to examine how, through a literature review, the topic of limitation of constraint measures and the definition of a future direction of research is discussed...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761286/a-qualitative-analysis-of-stress-and-relaxation-themes-contributing-to-burnout-in-first-year-psychiatry-and-medicine-residents
#2
Nicole M Benson, Deanna Chaukos, Heather Vestal, Emma F Chad-Friedman, John W Denninger, Christina P C Borba
OBJECTIVE: Qualitative research on trainee well-being can add nuance to the understanding of propagators of burnout, and the role for interventions aimed at supporting well-being. This qualitative study was conducted to identify (i) situations and environments that cause stress for trainees, (ii) stress-reducing activities that trainees utilize, and (iii) whether trainees who report distress (high burnout and depression scores) describe different stressors and relaxation factors than those who do not...
May 14, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754706/ethics-committees-and-mental-health
#3
Carlos Enrique Yepes Delgado, Andrea Ocampo Montoya
Although research processes are covered by the objectivity of science, they are still influenced by the interests of those who conduct them. This is why high level committees have been tasked with defining the scope of the studies and performing a thorough assessment of them, since these imply great dilemmas. This premise leads to the emergence of Ethics Committees, where liaison psychiatry has an important place due to its communication abilities and knowledge of the human behavior. This paper attempts to provide some observations to take into account when discussing the link between ethics and mental health...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754478/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-contamination-of-phlebotomy-tourniquets-and-faucets
#4
T Abeywickrama, K Amarasinghe, S Wijerathne, C Dharmaratne, D Fernando, B C Senaratna, H A K M Gunasekera
Introduction: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is transmitted through direct contact or fomites. The most important means of nosocomial spread is by hospital personnel. However, fomites are being increasingly recognized as sources of nosocomial infection. Objectives: Our aim was to describe the MRSA contamination rate of phlebotomy tourniquets and faucets in a tertiary care hospital and to compare the contamination of plastic tourniquets with that of fabric tourniquets...
March 31, 2018: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749310/biological-and-psychological-influences-of-cross-sex-hormone-in-transgender
#5
Ling Shiao Ling, Hatta Sidi, Raja Adam Raja Lope, Srijit Das, Azlin Baharudin
Transgender is a complex state of bio-psycho-social dimension of human sexuality. It encompasses cognitive-emotional-behavior component that makes the person unique in his or her sexual expression. Transgender tend to use cross sex hormone in order to eradicate their secondary sexual characteristics and to facilitate the shift to their experienced gender. The common masculinising sex hormone use, i.e. Female to Male Treatment Options (FMTO) is testosterone and for feminising hormone i.e. Male to Female Treatment Options (MFTO) is a combination of estrogen with anti-androgen, respectively...
May 11, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739528/innovative-educational-initiatives-to-train-psychodynamic-psychiatrists-in-underserved-areas-of-the-world
#6
REVIEW
César A Alfonso, Marco Christian Michael, Sylvia Detri Elvira, Hazli Zakaria, Rasmon Kalayasiri, Aida Syarinaz A Adlan, Mahdieh Moinalghorabaei, Petrin Redayani Lukman, Mohammad San'ati, Katerina Duchonova, Timothy B Sullivan
Psychodynamic psychiatry remains a challenging subject to teach in underserved areas, where enthusiasm to learn is substantial. Besides logistical and psychiatric workforce shortcomings, sensible cultural adaptations to make psychodynamic psychiatry relevant outside of high-income countries require creative effort. Innovative pedagogical methods that include carefully crafted mentoring and incorporate videoconferencing in combination with site visits can be implemented through international collaborations. Emphasis on mentoring is essential to adequately train future psychodynamic psychotherapy supervisors...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719964/cross-cultural-psychometric-properties-of-the-hamilton-depression-rating-scale
#7
Erik Vindbjerg, Guido Makransky, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Jessica Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) is considered the gold standard measure of depression. The factor structure of the HDRS is generally unstable, but 4 to 8 items appear to form a general depression factor. As transcultural studies of the HDRS have received little attention, and as most of the studies have taken a data-driven approach with a tendency to yield fragmented results, it is not clear if an HDRS general depression factor can also be found in non-Western populations...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698543/clinical-course-and-prevalence-of-coercive-measures-an-observational-study-among-involuntarily-hospitalised-psychiatric-patients
#8
Florian Hotzy, Sonja Moetteli, Anastasia Theodoridou, Andres Ricardo Schneeberger, Erich Seifritz, Paul Hoff, Matthias Jäger
AIMS OF THE STUDY: In daily clinical work, coercion continues to be highly prevalent, with rates differing between countries and sometimes even within countries or between wards of the same hospital. Previous research found inconsistent characteristics of individuals who underwent coercive measures during psychiatric treatment. Furthermore, there continues to be a lack of knowledge on the clinical course of people after being involuntarily committed. This study aimed to describe the rate and duration of different coercive measures and characterise a cohort of involuntarily committed patients regarding sociodemographic and clinical variables...
April 26, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666778/psychiatric-morbidity-perceived-stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-parents-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-in-lahore-pakistan
#9
Muhammad H Sheikh, Sania Ashraf, Nazish Imran, Sadia Hussain, Muhammad W Azeem
Background This study assessed anxiety and depression levels among parents of children with intellectual disability (ID) and analyzed their coping strategies. Methods One hundred parents of children with ID were recruited through child psychiatry outpatient services in a tertiary care setting in Lahore, Pakistan. A structured questionnaire including sociodemographic details, the Agha Khan University Anxiety Depression Scale, the Family Stress and Coping Questionnaire, Brief COPE questionnaire, and Support questionnaire were used for data collection...
February 16, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661008/psychiatry-in-american-medical-education-the-case-of-harvard-s-medical-school-1900-1945
#10
Tara H Abraham
As American psychiatrists moved from the asylum to the private clinic during the early twentieth century, psychiatry acquired a growing presence within medical school curricula. This shift in disciplinary status took place at a time when medical education itself was experiencing a period of reform. By examining medical school registers at Harvard University, records from the Dean's office of Harvard's medical school, and oral histories, this paper examines the rise in prominence of psychiatry in medical education...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Bulletin Canadien D'histoire de la Médecine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643820/the-attribution-of-mental-health-problems-to-jinn-an-explorative-study-in-a-transcultural-psychiatric-outpatient-clinic
#11
Anastasia Lim, Hans W Hoek, Samrad Ghane, Mathijs Deen, Jan Dirk Blom
Background: Among Muslim patients, a common cultural concept of distress is the notion that jinn may be the cause of mental health problems, especially in the presence of hallucinations. Objective: This study examines the frequency with which this attribution style is manifest in a specific psychiatric outpatient population with a Muslim background. Methods: Of all patients registered at an outpatient clinic specialized in transcultural psychiatry, data were collected on folk belief, religion, hallucinations (if present), and medical diagnosis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582691/eric-wittkower-and-the-foundation-of-montr%C3%A3-al-s-transcultural-psychiatry-research-unit-after-world-war-ii
#12
Emmanuel Delille
Eric Wittkower founded McGill University's Transcultural Psychiatry Unit in 1955. One year later, he started the first international newsletter in this academic field: Transcultural Psychiatry. However, at the beginning of his career Wittkower gave no signs that he would be interested in social sciences and psychiatry. This paper describes the historical context of the post-war period, when Wittkower founded the research unit in Montréal. I focus on the history of scientific networks and the circulation of knowledge, and particularly on the exchanges between the French- and English-speaking academic cultures in North America and Europe...
March 1, 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582688/the-politics-and-practice-of-thomas-adeoye-lambo-towards-a-post-colonial-history-of-transcultural-psychiatry
#13
Matthew M Heaton
This article traces the career of Thomas Adeoye Lambo, the first European-trained psychiatrist of indigenous Nigerian (Yoruba) background and one of the key contributors to the international development of transcultural psychiatry from the 1950s to the 1980s. The focus on Lambo provides some political, cultural and geographical balance to the broader history of transcultural psychiatry by emphasizing the contributions to transcultural psychiatric knowledge that have emerged from a particular non-western context...
March 1, 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550549/indonesian-adaptation-of-the-quality-in-psychiatric-care-inpatient-qpc-ip-instrument-psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure
#14
Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Suryani, Nur Anna, Imas Rafiyah, Agneta Schröder
AIM: The aim of the present study was to adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Indonesian version of the Quality in Psychiatric Care - Inpatient (QPC-IP) instrument. METHODS: The QPC-IP is based on a definition of quality of care from the patient's perspective; it consists of 30 items covering six factors. A sample of 150 inpatients at general psychiatric wards in Indonesia completed the QPC-IP questionnaire. RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the factor structure of the Indonesian version was equivalent to that of the original Swedish QPC-IP, with the exception of the secluded environment factor...
March 8, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540116/introducing-specialist-integrated-mental-health-care-in-lebanon-the-psychosis-recovery-outreach-program
#15
Joseph El-Khoury, Rassil Ghazzaoui, Amanda Ahmad
The recognition of mental health needs in developing countries is growing in parallel with increased public awareness of and reduced stigma toward mental illness. With resources still limited in these countries, creating economically viable health care models is essential. These models are often adapted from already established and tested systems in industrialized nations. The Psychosis Recovery Outreach Program (PROP) at the American University of Beirut is an initiative that exemplifies the global transfer of knowledge, experience, and skills...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537069/japanese-american-confinement-and-scientific-democracy-colonialism-social-engineering-and-government-administration
#16
Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Leandro Daniel Benmergui
During World War II, the U.S. Indian Service conducted social science experiments regarding governance among Japanese Americans imprisoned at the Poston, Arizona, camp. Researchers used an array of techniques culled from anthropological culture and personality studies, psychiatry, psychology, medicine, and public opinion research to probe how the personality traits of the confined Japanese-Americans and camp leaders affected the social interactions within each group and between them. The research drew on prior studies of Indian personality in the US Southwest, Mexico's Native policies, and indirect colonial rule...
March 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527048/the-development-of-mental-hospitals-in-west-bengal-a-brief-history-and-changing-trends
#17
REVIEW
Ranjan Bhattacharyya
The communication between G. S Bose and Sigmund Freud is a well-documented fact, and philosophical blend of rich cultural experiences is unique to modification of traditional psychoanalysis in the context of development of psychiatry in West Bengal. The Calcutta lunatic asylum was established at Bhowanipore, and first general hospital psychiatric unit was formed at R. G. Kar Medical College, Calcutta. Prof. Ajita Chakraborty was a pioneer to describe her struggling days in the early career and shared her views with experiences in her autobiography...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516358/-position-paper-about-the-care-of-refugees-a-statement-about-the-psychosocial-health-care-of-refugees
#18
REVIEW
Carryn Danzinger, Matthäus Fellinger, Waltraud Fellinger-Vols, Georg Psota, Johannes Wancata, Alice Wimmer, Thomas Wochele-Thoma
This paper is general statement about the psychosocial care of refugees, developed by the of the Austrian Society for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics as well as by the Austrian Society for Social Psychiatry. Reasons of recent wave of refugees and the usual mental disorders among refugees are described. The increasing number of refugees, asylum seekers and irregular migrants poses a challenge for mental health services in Europe. As a consequence, several expert recommendations were given. As a first step, basic needs of refugees such as regular housing facilities, sufficient nutrition and safety in everyday life should be met...
March 7, 2018: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510768/debate-the-concept-of-culture-has-outlived-its-usefulness-for-psychiatry
#19
Mohammed A Rashed, Rachel Bingham, Norman A Poole, Abdi Sanati, Werdie van Staden
This paper presents a debate in which the authors participated at the World Psychiatric Association conference in Cape Town, South Africa in November 2016. Professor van Staden acted as chair and here, as at the debate, provides a rationale for debating a topic that many of those involved in mental health believe to be decided. The discussion that ensued demonstrated, however, that while the arguments have moved on they have not ceased. Who won? Well that depends how you look at it. A few in the audience shifted position towards the motion but the majority remained opposed...
April 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505971/validation-of-adolescent-suicide-assessment-protocol-20-asap-20-to-sri-lankan-adolescents
#20
A S Malalagama, S Tennakoon, D R R Abeyasinghe
PURPOSE: Youth suicide rates are rising worldwide, including Sri Lanka, where 46.5/100,000 among 15-19yrs was reported in 1986. Identifying high risk adolescents is vital. Dearth of trained professionals, demands an instrument utilizable by non-psychiatrists. Such was not available in Sinhalese. Adolescent Suicide Assessment Protocol (ASAP-20) and its' manual was translated and validated to Sri Lankan adolescents. METHOD: A validation study. Forward/back translations followed by cultural adaptation...
March 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
6069
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"