keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychiatric Risk Assessments

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244900/the-bidirectional-relationship-between-anxiety-disorders-and-circulating-levels-of-inflammatory-markers-results-from-a-large-longitudinal-population-based-study
#1
Jennifer Glaus, Roland von Känel, Aurélie M Lasserre, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline L Vandeleur, Enrique Castelao, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Ciro Marangoni, En-Young N Wagner, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig, Kathleen R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: Although there has been abundant research on chronic low-grade inflammation as a potential mechanism underlying the link between mood disorders and cardiovascular risk, less is known about the role of inflammatory factors and anxiety disorders. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the bi-directional associations between inflammatory markers including interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with anxiety disorders and its subgroups...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243299/antidepressant-use-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-the-children-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#2
Hai-Yin Jiang, Chun-Ting Peng, Xue Zhang, Bing Ruan
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the relationship between antidepressant use during pregnancy and the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the children is conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between fetal exposure to antidepressant drugs and the subsequent development of ADHD. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases to identify relevant cohort studies published from inception until October 2017...
December 15, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242985/increasing-risk-of-psychiatric-morbidity-after-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Daniel Dybdal, Janne S Tolstrup, Stine M Sildorf, Kirsten A Boisen, Jannet Svensson, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Grete K Teilmann
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychiatric morbidity following childhood onset of type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In a matched, population-based cohort study based on Danish national registers, we identified children and adolescents who had been diagnosed as an in- or outpatient with type 1 diabetes before the age of 18, and afterwards diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder (n = 5084). Control individuals were matched according to sex and date of birth (n = 35,588)...
December 14, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239949/labor-analgesia-as-a-predictor-for-reduced-postpartum-depression-scores-a-retrospective-observational-study
#4
Grace Lim, Lia M Farrell, Francesca L Facco, Michael S Gold, Ajay D Wasan
BACKGROUND: Using labor, epidural analgesia has been linked to a reduced risk of postpartum depression, but the role of labor pain relief in this association remains unclear. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that effective epidural analgesia during labor is associated with reduced postpartum depression symptomatology. METHODS: A single, institutional, retrospective, observational cohort design was chosen. The primary outcome was Edinburgh postnatal depression scale (EPDS) score, measured at the 6-week postpartum visit...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239291/the-impact-of-schizophrenia-and-mood-disorder-risk-alleles-on-emotional-problems-investigating-change-from-childhood-to-middle-age
#5
Lucy Riglin, Stephan Collishaw, Alexander Richards, Ajay K Thapar, Frances Rice, Barbara Maughan, Michael C O'Donovan, Anita Thapar
BACKGROUND: Previous studies find that both schizophrenia and mood disorder risk alleles contribute to adult depression and anxiety. Emotional problems (depression or anxiety) begin in childhood and show strong continuities into adult life; this suggests that symptoms are the manifestation of the same underlying liability across different ages. However, other findings suggest that there are developmental differences in the etiology of emotional problems at different ages. To our knowledge, no study has prospectively examined the impact of psychiatric risk alleles on emotional problems at different ages in the same individuals...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237197/-evaluation-of-suicide-risk-levels-in-hospitals-validity-and-reliability-tests
#6
Sandro Macagnino, Tilman Steinert, Carmen Uhlmann
Objective Examination of in-hospital suicide risk levels concerning their validity and their reliability. Method The internal suicide risk levels were evaluated in a cross sectional study of in 163 inpatients. A reliability check was performed via determining interrater-reliability of senior physician, therapist and the responsible nurse. Within the scope of the validity check, we conducted analyses of criterion validity and construct validity. Results For the total sample an "acceptable" to "good" interrater-reliability (Kendalls W = ...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236922/effects-of-n-acetylcysteine-on-amphetamine-induced-sensitization-in-mice
#7
Ana P Herrmann, Roberta Andrejew, Radharani Benvenutti, Clarissa S Gama, Elaine Elisabetsky
OBJECTIVE: N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is beneficial in psychiatric conditions, including schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia exhibit mesolimbic dopamine hyperfunction consequent to an endogenous sensitization process. This sensitization can be modeled in rodents by repeated exposure to psychostimulants, provoking an enduring amplified response at subsequent exposure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of NAC on amphetamine sensitization in mice. METHODS: D-amphetamine was administered to C57BL/6 mice three times a week for 3 weeks; the dose was increased weekly from 1 to 3 mg/kg...
December 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234509/assessing-the-second-hand-effects-of-a-new-no-smoking-policy-in-an-acute-mental-health-trust
#8
Benjamin Ian Perry, Katherine Meehan, Ashok Kumar Jainer
Aims and method To examine whether a new no-smoking policy in an in-patient mental health setting had any effects outside of smoking cessation. Our hypothesis stated that a forced smoking ban for in-patients may result in an increased susceptibility for clinical incidents, aggression and lower admission rates. All patients admitted to adult in-patient mental health services in Coventry and Warwickshire Partnership NHS Trust were included in the analysis. Data 6 months post-implementation of the smoking policy (1 July 2015 to 1 January 2016) were compared with the same period 1 year prior (1 July 2014 to 1 January 2015)...
December 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231005/-application-of-moas-for-evaluating-of-violence-risk-in-the-inpatients-with-mental-disorders
#9
J F He, W Hong, Y Shao, H Q Han, B Xie
OBJECTIVES: To explore the value of Modified Overt Aggression Scale (MOAS) on predicting serious aggressive behavior in the inpatients with mental disorders and to provide theoretical basis for violence risk assessments in the inpatients with mental disorders. METHODS: Total 918 inpatients in a psychiatric hospital were evaluated by trained medical workers using MOAS in September 2009, and their serious violent behavior were followed up for 2 years. The value of MOAS on predicting violence in the inpatients with mental disorders was analyzed by SPSS 21...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230558/psychiatric-comorbidity-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-europe-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Gail Gilchrist, Gabriele Fischer, Avril Taylor, Jacek Moskalewicz, Cinzia Giammarchi, Birgit Köchl, Alison Munro, Katarzyna Dąbrowska, April Shaw, Lucia Di Furia, Isabella Leeb, Caroline Hopf, Marta Torrens
Women who inject drugs (WWID) are an especially vulnerable group of drug users. This study determined the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity and intimate partrner violence (IPV), and factors associated with psychiatric comorbidity among WWID recruited from drug treatment services (67%) and harm reduction services in five European regions in Austria, Catalonia, Italy, Poland, and Scotland. Psychiatric comorbidity was assessed among 226 WWID using the Dual Diagnosis Screening Instrument. IPV was assessed using the Composite Abuse Scale and injecting and sexual risk behaviors were assessed using a battery of questionnaires adapted and developed for the study...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227462/psychiatric-disorders-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-and-viremia-in-a-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-young-adults
#11
Amelia Bucek, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Stephanie Benson, Patricia Warne, Elaine J Abrams, Katherine S Elkington, Curtis Dolezal, Andrew Wiznia, Claude Ann Mellins
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) adolescents and young adults (AYA) are at risk for sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and mental health and substance use problems that, in HIV-infected adults, predict non-adherence. Studies on the relationship between psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUD) and adherence among PHIV+ AYA are limited, but may be important to informing evidence-based interventions to promote adherence. METHODS: Data were analyzed from three annual follow-up interviews (FU2-4, N=179) in a longitudinal study of PHIV+ AYA...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226809/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-chronic-schizophrenia-patients-treated-with-clozapine-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Amir Krivoy, Roy Onn, Yael Vilner, Eldar Hochman, Shira Weizman, Amir Paz, Shmuel Hess, Roi Sagy, Shiri Kimhi-Nesher, Ehud Kalter, Tal Friedman, Zvi Friedman, Gil Bormant, Sharon Trommer, Avi Valevski, Abraham Weizman
BACKGROUND: While accumulating evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency may be involved in the risk to develop schizophrenia and its outcome, there are no studies on vitamin D supplementation in this context. We sought to assess the effect of vitamin D supplementation on psychiatric, cognitive and metabolic parameters in chronic clozapine-treated schizophrenia patients. METHODS: This eight-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, recruited schizophrenia patients who had been maintained on clozapine treatment for at least 18weeks and had low levels of vitamin D (<75nmol/l) and total PANSS scores >70 (to ascertain the presence of residual symptoms)...
December 2, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222633/characterising-youth-with-callous-unemotional-traits-and-concurrent-anxiety-evidence-for-a-high-risk-clinical-group
#13
Charlotte A M Cecil, Eamon J McCrory, Edward D Barker, Jo Guiney, Essi Viding
Growing evidence supports the existence of two variants of youth with high callous-unemotional (CU) traits who present with markedly different risk profiles and outcomes, with potential implications for risk assessment and treatment formulation. So far, studies have identified variants of CU youth mainly using data-driven cluster approaches based on levels of CU traits and co-occurring anxiety. Yet, the extent to which this knowledge may be translated into clinical practice is unclear. To this end, the present study employed a severity-based, cut-off approach to systematically characterise CU groups across a range of clinically informative domains, including trauma history, psychiatric symptomatology, affective functioning, attachment style and behavioural risk...
December 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220685/parental-psychopathology-adult-attachment-and-risk-of-12-month-suicidal-behaviours
#14
David Boyda, Danielle Mc Feeters, Katie Dhingra, Niall Galbraith, Danny Hinton
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which parental psychopathology and vulnerability to suicide is transmitted to offspring is not well understood. parental psychopathology and behaviour may impact upon the normal emotional and psychological adjustment of their offspring in various ways. Research shows attachment insecurities may also be a key factor in the facilitation of suicidal behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To examine adult attachment insecurities as a potential mediating pathway between parental psychopathology and 12-month suicidality...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218816/long-term-adherence-with-psychiatric-treatment-among-patients-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures
#15
Benjamin Tolchin, Barbara A Dworetzky, Gaston Baslet
We conducted a prospective cohort study, examining long-term adherence with psychiatric treatment among patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). Subjects diagnosed with documented PNES were scheduled for 4 psychiatric visits. Survival analysis was performed, and covariates were assessed for association with time to nonadherence using Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. One hundred twenty-three subjects were recruited and followed for up to 17 months. Eighty percent of subjects attended the first outpatient visit, 42% attended the second, 24% attended the third, and only 14% remained adherent through the fourth visit...
December 7, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215805/development-of-the-suicide-risk-scale-for-medical-inpatients
#16
Sang Won Park, Jong Ha Lee, Eun Kyoung Lee, Jae Jun Song, Hong Seok Park, Soon Young Hwang, Moon Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Inpatient suicide is one of the major issues related with hospital patient safety. Although there are many studies addressing suicide in the psychiatric unit, little is known about suicide in a medical setting. This study included the development and validation of a screening tool for the assessment of suicide risk, specialized for medical inpatients. METHODS: The preliminary questionnaire was based on review of previous suicide ideation scales, mood scales, and clinical experiences of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists in Korea...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214818/colorectal-cancer-screening-completion-among-individuals-with-and-without-mental-illnesses-a-comparison-of-2-screening-methods
#17
Bobbi Jo H Yarborough, Ginger C Hanson, Nancy A Perrin, Scott P Stumbo, Carla A Green
PURPOSE: Cancer mortality is worse among people with psychiatric disorders. The purpose of this study was to compare facilitators and rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening between people with and without mental illnesses. DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis using data from a general population cohort study (N = 92 445) that assessed effects of 2 types of CRC screening test kits-guaiac fecal occult blood testing (gFOBT) and fecal immunochemical testing (FIT)-on CRC screening completion...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210144/adolescent-impulsivity-as-a-sex-dependent-and-subtype-dependent-predictor-of-impulsivity-alcohol-drinking-and-dopamine-d2-receptor-expression-in-adult-rats
#18
Lindsey R Hammerslag, Amogh P Belagodu, Olubankole A Aladesuyi Arogundade, Angela G Karountzos, Qingrou Guo, Roberto Galvez, Brent W Roberts, Joshua M Gulley
Impulsivity is a personality trait associated with a heightened risk for drug use and other psychiatric conditions. Because impulsivity-related disorders typically emerge during adolescence, there has been interest in exploring methods for identifying adolescents that will be at risk to develop substance use disorders in adulthood. Here, we used a rodent model to assess inhibitory control (impulsive action) and impulsive decision making (impulsive choice) during adolescence (43-50 days old) or adulthood (93-100 days old) and then examined the impact of development on these impulsivity traits by re-testing rats 50 days later...
December 5, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209694/workers-safety-in-public-psychiatric-services-problems-laws-and-protections
#19
F Carabellese, M Urbano, A Coluccia, G Gualtieri
The dramatic case of murder of a psychiatrist during her service in her public office (Centro di Salute Mentale of Bari-Libertà) has led the authors to reflect on the safety of workplaces, in detail of public psychiatric services. It is in the light of current legislation, represented by the Legislative Decree of April 9th, 2008 no. 81, which states the implementing rules of Law 123/2007. In particular, the Authors analyzed the criticalities of the application of this Law, with the aim of safeguarding the health and safety of the workers in all psychiatric services (nursing departments, outpatient clinics, community centers, day care centers, etc...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206984/rational-urine-drug-monitoring-in-patients-receiving-opioids-for-chronic-pain-consensus-recommendations
#20
Charles E Argoff, Daniel P Alford, Jeffrey Fudin, Jeremy A Adler, Matthew J Bair, Richard C Dart, Roy Gandolfi, Bill H McCarberg, Steven P Stanos, Jeffrey A Gudin, Rosemary C Polomano, Lynn R Webster
Objective: To develop consensus recommendations on urine drug monitoring (UDM) in patients with chronic pain who are prescribed opioids. Methods: An interdisciplinary group of clinicians with expertise in pain, substance use disorders, and primary care conducted virtual meetings to review relevant literature and existing guidelines and share their clinical experience in UDM before reaching consensus recommendations. Results: Definitive (e...
December 1, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
keyword
keyword
6068
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"