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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923358/improving-effects-of-dietary-rumen-protected-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-additive-on-apparent-nutrient-digestibility-growth-performance-and-health-status-in-heat-stressed-beef-cattle
#1
Kun Guo, Huabin Cao, Yuanjun Zhu, Tiancheng Wang, Guoliang Hu, Bunlue Kornmatitsuk, Junrong Luo
This study was aimed to investigate the effects of rumen-protected γ-aminobutyric acid (RP-GABA) on apparent nutrient digestibility, growth performance and health status in heat stressed beef cattle. Fifty Jinjiang Yellow cattle were randomly assigned to 5 treatments (10 animals/treatment). Treatments 1 to 5 were basal diets affixed with 0 (control), 8, 16, 24 and 32 mg of RP-GABA/kg of body weight (BW) respectively. The trial lasted 45 days. Apparent digestibility of crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF) and calcium (Ca) quadratically increased with increasing RP-GABA (p < ...
June 20, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923295/dapagliflozin-a-sglt2-inhibitor-slows-the-progression-of-renal-complications-through-the-suppression-of-renal-inflammation-er-stress-and-apoptosis-in-pre-diabetic-rats
#2
Krit Jaikumkao, Anchalee Pongchaidecha, Nuttawud Chueakula, La-Ongdao Thongnak, Keerati Wanchai, Varanuj Chatsudthipong, Nipon Chattipakorn, Anusorn Lungkaphin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor dapagliflozin has been shown to exert both anti-diabetic and anti-obesity effects in metabolic syndrome. However, the effects of dapagliflozin on the renal complications associated with metabolic dysfunction in diet-induced obesity (DIO) are not fully understood. In this study, to work towards a resolution of these issues, we evaluated the renoprotective roles of dapagliflozin in pre-diabetic rats. METHODS: DIO was induced by feeding a high-fat diet (HF) to male Wistar rats for 16 weeks...
June 19, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922652/nutritional-assessment-of-dietary-bt-and-cp4epsps-proteins-on-the-serum-biochemical-changes-of-rabbits-at-different-developmental-stages
#3
Ibrahim B Salisu, Ahmad A Shahid, Qasim Ali, Abdul Q Rao, Tayyab Husnain
In recent years, the influence of genetically modified (GM) cotton expressing different types of Bt and EPSPS genes has been attested in term of reduced application of pesticides and insecticides coupled with improved cotton production. Although the cultivation of GM cotton has been authorized by the regulatory authorities of various countries in the world, based on the biosafety studies reported by most of the GM cotton producers, yet the information on its safe use are inadequate. In order to support the issues on food safety, it is therefore mandatory to conduct further safety assessment studies on GM cotton for each independent transgenic event on the basis of case assessment rule...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920783/food-intake-and-energy-expenditure-in-growing-cats-with-and-without-a-predisposition-to-overweight
#4
Vivien Ghielmetti, Brigitta Wichert, Simon Rüegg, Diana Frey, Annette Liesegang
Overweight and obesity are multifactorial diseases caused by an imbalance in energy metabolism. An underlying genetic predisposition is often a factor in these conditions. In the cat breeding family of the Institute of Animal Nutrition at the Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, a segregating overweight phenotype with a genetic contribution was observed. From this breeding family, 26 kittens were followed from birth up to 8 months of age. During this time, food intake was measured using an automatic feeding station, and energy expenditure was investigated using indirect calorimetry at the ages of 4 and 6 months...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920546/antidiabetic-effect-of-euterpe-oleracea-mart-a%C3%A3-a%C3%A3-extract-and-exercise-training-on-high-fat-diet-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats-a-positive-interaction
#5
Graziele Freitas de Bem, Cristiane Aguiar Costa, Izabelle Barcellos Santos, Viviane da Silva Cristino Cordeiro, Lenize Costa Reis Marins de Carvalho, Marcelo Augusto Vieira de Souza, Ricardo de Andrade Soares, Pergentino José da Cunha Sousa, Dayane Teixeira Ognibene, Angela Castro Resende, Roberto Soares de Moura
A growing body of evidence suggests a protective role of polyphenols and exercise training on the disorders of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We aimed to assess the effect of the açaí seed extract (ASE) associated with exercise training on diabetic complications induced by high-fat (HF) diet plus streptozotocin (STZ) in rats. Type 2 diabetes was induced by feeding rats with HF diet (55% fat) for 5 weeks and a single dose of STZ (35 mg/kg i.p.). Control (C) and Diabetic (D) animals were subdivided into four groups each: Sedentary, Training, ASE Sedentary, and ASE Training...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915037/rala-controls-glucose-homeostasis-by-regulating-glucose-uptake-in-brown-fat
#6
Yuliya Skorobogatko, Morgan Dragan, Claudia Cordon, Shannon M Reilly, Chao-Wei Hung, Wenmin Xia, Peng Zhao, Martina Wallace, Denise E Lackey, Xiao-Wei Chen, Olivia Osborn, Juliane G Bogner-Strauss, Dan Theodorescu, Christian M Metallo, Jerrold M Olefsky, Alan R Saltiel
Insulin increases glucose uptake into adipose tissue and muscle by increasing trafficking of the glucose transporter Glut4. In cultured adipocytes, the exocytosis of Glut4 relies on activation of the small G protein RalA by insulin, via inhibition of its GTPase activating complex RalGAP. Here, we evaluate the role of RalA in glucose uptake in vivo with specific chemical inhibitors and by generation of mice with adipocyte-specific knockout of RalGAPB. RalA was profoundly activated in brown adipose tissue after feeding, and its inhibition prevented Glut4 exocytosis...
June 18, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914094/-ganoderma-lucidum-ameliorates-non-alcoholic-steatosis-by-upregulating-energy-metabolizing-enzymes-in-the-liver
#7
Soonwoong Jung, Hyeonwi Son, Chung Eun Hwang, Kye Man Cho, Sang Won Park, Hyun Joon Kim
Non-alcoholic steatosis is a common health problem worldwide due to altered food habits and life styles, and it is intimately linked with various metabolic disorders. In the present study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of Ganoderma lucidum (GL) against the development of non-alcoholic steatosis using in vivo and in vitro settings. C57BL/6 mice fed with normal diet (ND) or high fat diet (HFD) were administered GL extract or vehicle for 16 weeks. HFD feeding increased serum alanine aminotransferase level and hepatic lipid droplet, but these increases were significantly attenuated by GL...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912623/saxagliptin-upregulates-nesfatin-1-secretion-and-ameliorates-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-profiles-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Kuanlin Chen, Tiejun Zhuo, Jian Wang, Qing Mei
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Saxagliptin as one of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors can effectively improve glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus, and nesfatin-1 is regarded as a very important factor in regulating feeding behavior and energy homeostasis. In this trial, we observed the effect of saxagliptin on regulating nesfatin-1 secretion and ameliorating insulin resistance and metabolic profiles in type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: One hundred two type 2 diabetes participants (M/F = 48/54) were investigated...
June 18, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909574/the-possible-antidiabetic-effects-of-vitamin-d-receptors-agonist-in-rat-model-of-type-2-diabetes
#9
Wafaa M Abdel-Rehim, Rasha A El-Tahan, Mennatullah A El-Tarawy, Rowaida R Shehata, Maher A Kamel
Vitamin D3 deficiency was found to be tightly linked to many health problems including metabolic syndrome, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In our study, we tested the possible antidiabetic effects of one of vitamin D3 analogs, alfacalcidol, solely or in a combination with metformin on type 2 diabetic rats. Type 2 diabetic model rats were induced by feeding high-fat diet for 4 weeks followed by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. In addition to the control group, the diabetic rats were divided into four groups: untreated, metformin-treated, alfacalcidol-treated, and combination-treated group (metformin + alfacalcidol) for 4 weeks...
June 16, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909519/growth-performance-and-plasma-metabolites-in-juvenile-siberian-sturgeon-acipenser-baerii-brandt-1869-subjected-to-various-feeding-strategies-at-different-sizes
#10
Naghmeh Jafari, Bahram Falahatkar, Mir Masoud Sajjadi
The effect of various feeding strategies was evaluated on growth performance and biochemical parameters in two sizes of Siberian sturgeon (465.75 ± 11.18 and 250.40 ± 12 g) during 45 days. Fish were distributed into six experimental treatments including large fish with satiation feeding (LA), small fish with satiation feeding (SA), large fish with 50% satiation feeding (LR), small fish with 50% satiation feeding (SR), large starved fish (LS), and small starved fish (SS). Differences in final weight between LA and LR treatments were not noticeable, whereas SA and SR treatments showed significant differences...
June 16, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909009/knockout-of-cnr1-prevents-metabolic-stress-induced-cardiac-injury-through-improving-insulin-resistance-ir-injury-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-er-stress-by-promoting-ampk-alpha-activation
#11
Su-Juan Pei, Huai-Yuan Zhu, Jin-Hui Guo, Xin Zhang, Zhi-Jian Deng
Obesity and diabetes are associated with diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, the pathogenesis of DCM is not fully understood. Cannabinoid receptor gene (CNR1) has been a drug target for the treatment of obesity. Here, we reported that CNR1 expression was increased in high fat diet (HFD)-induced heart of mice. Following, the wild type (CNR1+/+ ) and CNR1-knockout (CNR1-/- ) mice were employed and subjected to HFD treatments for 16 weeks to further investigate the effects of CNR1 on DCM. The results indicated that CNR1 knockout mice after HFD feeding exhibited a significant decrease of body weight and lipid accumulation in serum...
June 14, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908010/rapamycin-improves-insulin-resistance-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-type-2-diabetes-rats-through-activation-of-autophagy
#12
Wan Zhou, Shandong Ye
Insulin resistance (IR) is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study aimed to explore the effects of rapamycin, a specific inhibitor of kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), on IR in T2DM rats, and to validate whether the underlying mechanism was associated with autophagy. In this study, the model of T2DM rats was established by feeding the animals with a high-fat diet (HFD) and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Diabetic rats were randomly divided into model of T2DM control group (DM-C, n=15), metformin group (DM-M, n=15), rapamycin group (DM-Rapa, n=15), 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group (DM-3-MA, n=15), and rapamycin+3-MA group (DM-Rapa-3-MA, n=15)...
June 16, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906622/effects-of-dietary-soybean-lecithin-on-growth-performance-blood-chemistry-and-immunity-in-juvenile-stellate-sturgeon-acipenser-stellatus
#13
Fatemeh Jafari, Naser Agh, Farzaneh Noori, Amir Tokmechi, Enric Gisbert
An eleven weeks feeding trial was conducted to determine the effects of different levels of dietary soybean lecithin (SBL) on growth performance, blood chemistry and immunity in juvenile stellate sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus). Fish were fed seven isoproteic (44% crude protein) and isolipidic (17% crude fat) diets containing graded levels of SBL: 0 (control), 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10%. Results showed that dietary SBL supplementation significantly improved the final body weight (BW) and weight gain (WG). Fish fed 6% SBL showed the highest BW and WG values in comparison to fish fed the control diet (P < 0...
June 12, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903737/inactivation-of-the-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-idol-inducible-degrader-of-the-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-attenuates-diet-induced-obesity-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-mice
#14
Nienke M van Loon, Roelof Ottenhoff, Sander Kooijman, Martina Moeton, Saskia Scheij, Reinout L P Roscam Abbing, Marion J J Gijbels, Johannes H M Levels, Vincenzo Sorrentino, Jimmy F P Berbée, Patrick C N Rensen, Noam Zelcer
OBJECTIVE: The E3 ubiquitin ligase IDOL (inducible degrader of the LDLR [LDL (low-density lipoprotein) receptor]) is a post-transcriptional regulator of LDLR abundance. Model systems and human genetics support a role for IDOL in regulating circulating LDL levels. Whether IDOL plays a broader metabolic role and affects development of metabolic syndrome-associated comorbidities is unknown. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We studied WT (wild type) and Idol ( -/ - ) (Idol-KO) mice in 2 models: physiological aging and diet-induced obesity...
June 14, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903238/-effects-of-high-sucrose-high-fat-diet-feeding-time-on-establishment-of-a-mouse-model-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Jiacui Ren, Ye Ding, Lu Yin, Rui Qin, Yuanhong She, Jin Xu, Zhixu Wang
OBJECTIVE: The present study focuses on the effects of different highsucrose/high-fat diet feeding time on body weight, glucose and lipid metabolism parameters and pathological changes of pancreas and liver in pregnant mice. METHODS: Female C57 BL/6 J mice were divided into three groups randomly: normal control group( C) and two different high-sucrose/high-fat diet feeding time groups( H1 and H2). Body weight, food and energy intakes and blood glucose were measured at multiple time points before and during pregnancy...
January 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903175/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-family-factors-for-children-and-adolescents-in-chongqing-city-in-2014
#16
Xuting Cheng, Hong Wang, Baocheng Yuan, Peiyu Guan, Lingyi Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and family factors on metabolic syndrome( MS) in children and adolescents for Chongqing City. METHODS: Multi-stage cluster sampling was used to recruit 1309 children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old for physical examination( height, weight, waist circumference and blood pressure), blood biochemical examination( fasting plasma glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol)and questionnaire for family factors( breast feeding, delivery mode, birth weight, education of parents, height and weight of parents, family history of hypertension and diabetes, and so on)...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901710/a-mediterranean-style-eating-pattern-with-lean-unprocessed-red-meat-has-cardiometabolic-benefits-for-adults-who-are-overweight-or-obese-in-a-randomized-crossover-controlled-feeding-trial
#17
Lauren E O'Connor, Douglas Paddon-Jones, Amy J Wright, Wayne W Campbell
Background: A Mediterranean-style eating pattern (Mediterranean Pattern) is often described as being low in red meat. Research shows that lean, unprocessed red meat can be incorporated into healthy eating patterns to improve cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk factors. Objective: We assessed the effects of consuming different amounts of lean, unprocessed red meat in a Mediterranean Pattern on CMD risk factors. We hypothesized that consuming a Mediterranean Pattern would improve CMD risk factors and that red meat intake would not influence these improvements...
June 13, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901078/farnesoid-x-receptor-agonist-decreases-lipid-accumulation-by-promoting-hepatic-fatty-acid-oxidation-in-db-db-mice
#18
Yujie Liu, An Song, Xi Yang, Yunfeng Zhen, Weiwei Chen, Linquan Yang, Chao Wang, Huijuan Ma
The development of type‑2 diabetes and its complications is associated with lipid metabolism disorder. Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) has an important role in regulating lipid and glucose metabolism. However, the underlying mechanism of this remains unclear. The present study investigated the role of fexaramine (Fex), an FXR agonist, on lipid metabolism. For this purpose, 6‑week‑old db/db mice were treated with Fex for 8 weeks via oral gavage and db/db mice treated with corn oil were used as controls. Body weight and food intake were monitored daily and bi‑weekly, respectively...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897547/dietary-supplemented-effects-of-mannan-oligosaccharides-on-biochemical-parameters-of-4-close-bred-flocks-of-japanese-quail-breeders
#19
M A Iqbal, N Roohi, O Khan
The current study was carried out to investigate the consequences of mannan-oligosaccharides (MOS), a prebiotic, as feed supplement on biochemical parameters of Japanese quail breeders (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Twelve-week-old, 960 birds, belonging to 4 close-bred flocks (CBF), were randomly selected and divided into 4 treatment groups with 3 replicates according to pattern (4 strains × 4 treatment groups × 3 replicates). Birds were fed corn-based basal diet or the same diet supplemented with 0.25, 0...
June 8, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897509/effect-of-dietary-astragalus-membranaceus-polysaccharide-on-the-growth-performance-and-immunity-of-juvenile-broilers
#20
Shengjun Wu
This study aimed to investigate the effects of dietary Astragalus membranaceus polysaccharide (AMP) supplementation on the growth performance and immunity of juvenile broilers. High-performance liquid chromatography spectrum and sugar composition analysis indicated that AMP is a heteropolysaccharide with a molecular weight of 11,078 Da and consists of glucose, galactose, rhamnose, and arabinose. Four diets supplemented with four different levels of AMP (0, 0.5, 1, and 2 g kg-1) were formulated and tested for their effects on the growth performance and immunity of juvenile broilers...
June 8, 2018: Poultry Science
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