keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

glucose feeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243400/highly-efficient-gas-phase-oxidation-of-renewable-furfural-to-maleic-anhydride-over-plate-vpo-catalyst
#1
Yugen Zhang, Xiukai Li, Jogie Ko
Maleic anhydride (MAnh) and its acids are critical intermediates in chemical industry. The synthesis of maleic anhydride from renewable furfural is one of the most sought after processes in the field of sustainable chemistry. We report a plate vanadium phosphorous oxide (VPO) catalyst synthesized by a hydrothermal method with glucose as a green reducing agent for furfural oxidation to MAnh in gas phase. The plate VPOHT catalyst has a preferentially exposed 200 crystal plane and exhibited dramatically enhanced activity, selectivity and stability as compared to conventional VPO catalysts and other state-of-the-art catalytic systems...
December 15, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241322/modulatory-effects-of-dietary-supplementation-by-vernonia-amygdalina-on-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-wistar-rats
#2
Chima A Ekeleme-Egedigwe, Ifeoma I Ijeh, Polycarp N Okafor
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing public health problem arising from energy imbalance. The effect of 10% dietary incorporation of Vernonia amygdalina (VA) leaves into high-fat diets on some biological markers of adiposity and dyslipidaemia was investigated. METHODS: Experimental diets consisted of the following – CD (control diet); HFD (high-fat diet); and HFD- VA (HFD containing 10% Vernonia amygdalina leaves) supplementation. Fifteen male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups of five animals each...
October 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236747/a-meta-analysis-of-effects-of-post-hatch-food-and-water-deprivation-on-development-performance-and-welfare-of-chickens
#3
Ingrid C de Jong, Johan van Riel, Marc B M Bracke, Henry van den Brand
A 'meta-analysis' was performed to determine effects of post-hatch food and water deprivation (PHFWD) on chicken development, performance and welfare (including health). Two types of meta-analysis were performed on peer-reviewed scientific publications: a quantitative 'meta-analysis' (MA) and a qualitative analysis (QA). Previously reported effects of PHFWD were quantified in the MA, for variables related to performance, mortality and relative yolk sac weight. The QA counted the number of studies reporting (non-)significant effects when five or more records were available in the data set (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234372/hawthorn-leaf-flavonoids-protect-against-diabetes-induced-cardiomyopathy-in-rats-via-pkc-%C3%AE-signaling-pathway
#4
Qing Min, Yuting Bai, Yuchen Zhang, Wei Yu, Minli Zhang, Dongyang Liu, Tingting Diao, Wei Lv
Objectives: DCM has become one of the main reasons of death in diabetic patients. In this study, we aimed to explore the hawthorn leaf flavonoids (HLF) protective effect against diabetes-induced cardiac injury and the underlying mechanisms in experimental rats. Methods: Experimental diabetic model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 40 mg/kg) in rats after feeding with high-fat diet for 8 weeks. The diabetic rats received a 16-week treatment of different doses of HLF (50, 100, and 200)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233618/nutritional-impact-on-gene-expression-and-competence-of-oocytes-used-to-support-embryo-development-and-livebirth-by-cloning-procedures-in-goats
#5
C C L Fernandes, L H Aguiar, C E M Calderón, A M Silva, J P M Alves, R Rossetto, L R Bertolini, M Bertolini, D Rondina
Changes in the nutritional plan have been shown to affect oocyte quality, crucial to oocyte donors animals used in cloning. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of diets with increasing nutritional levels (maintenance diet=M; 1.3M; 1.6M; 1.9M) fed to goats for four weeks on follicular fluid composition, gene expression and oocyte competence used to cloning in goats. Donor females were superovulated for the retrieval of matured oocytes and physical measurements reported. After four weeks, groups receiving diets above maintenance increased thickness of subcutaneous adipose tissue and body weight, with higher values in 1...
October 19, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232262/intermittent-versus-continuous-feeding-in-critically-ill-adults
#6
Jayshil J Patel, Martin D Rosenthal, Daren K Heyland
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Early enteral nutrition is recommended in critically ill adult patients. The optimal method of administering enteral nutrition remains unknown. Continuous enteral nutrition administration in critically ill patients remains the most common practice worldwide; however, its practice has recently been called into question in favor of intermittent enteral nutrition administration, where volume is infused multiple times per day. This review will outline the key differences between continuous and intermittent enteral nutrition, describe the metabolic responses to continuous and intermittent enteral nutrition administration and outline recent studies comparing continuous with intermittent enteral nutrition administration on outcomes in critically ill adults...
December 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231156/efficient-bio-production-of-citramalate-using-an-engineered-escherichia-coli-strain
#7
Joseph P Webb, S Alison Arnold, Scott Baxter, Stephen J Hall, Graham Eastham, Gill Stephens
Citramalic acid is a central intermediate in a combined biocatalytic and chemocatalytic route to produce bio-based methylmethacrylate, the monomer used to manufacture Perspex and other high performance materials. We developed an engineered E. coli strain and a fed-batch bioprocess to produce citramalate at concentrations in excess of 80 g l-1 in only 65 h. This exceptional efficiency was achieved by designing the production strain and the fermentation system to operate synergistically. Thus, a single gene encoding a mesophilic variant of citramalate synthase from Methanococcus jannaschii, CimA3...
December 12, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230947/dietary-slowly-digestible-starch-triggers-the-gut-brain-axis-in-obese-rats-with-accompanied-reduced-food-intake
#8
Like Y Hasek, Robert J Phillips, Genyi Zhang, Kimberly P Kinzig, Choon Young Kim, Terry L Powley, Bruce R Hamaker
SCOPE: Slowly digestible starch (SDS), as a functional carbohydrate providing a slow and sustained glucose release, may be able to modulate food intake through activation of the gut-brain axis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Diet-induced obese rats were used to test the effect on feeding behavior of high fat (HF) diets containing a SDS, fabricated to digest into the ileum, as compared to rapidly digestible starch (RDS). Ingestion of the HF-SDS diet over an 11-week period reduced daily food intake, through smaller meal size, to the same level as a lean body control group, while the group consuming the HF-RDS diet remained at a high food intake...
December 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224877/effects-of-early-postpartum-sodium-salicylate-treatment-on-long-term-milk-intake-and-blood-parameters-of-dairy-cows
#9
A J Carpenter, C M Ylioja, L K Mamedova, K E Olagaray, B J Bradford
Previous research has shown that cows who receive treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs after calving may have increased milk yield beginning near peak lactation, resulting in greater 305-d milk production. It has not been demonstrated whether this response is associated with greater feed intake following the first 3 wk of lactation. Dry matter intake (DMI) and milk yield were measured daily for 56 cows over the first 120 d in milk. Cows in their second parity and greater were blocked by parity and alternately enrolled 12 to 36 h after calving into 1 of 2 treatments: either 3 daily drenches of water or 3 daily drenches of a similar volume of water containing 125 g of sodium salicylate (SAL) beginning 12 to 36 h after calving...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224106/g-protein-coupled-estrogen-receptor-gper-and-sex-specific-metabolic-homeostasis
#10
Geetanjali Sharma, Eric R Prossnitz
Obesity and metabolic syndrome display disparate prevalence and regulation between males and females. Human, as well as rodent, females with regular menstrual/estrous cycles exhibit protection from weight gain and associated chronic diseases. These beneficial effects are predominantly attributed to the female hormone estrogen, specifically 17β-estradiol (E2). E2 exerts its actions via multiple receptors, nuclear and extranuclear estrogen receptor (ER) α and ERβ, and the G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER, previously termed GPR30)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222328/fructose-and-glucose-regulate-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-complex-1-and-can-activate-lipogenic-gene-expression-via-distinct-pathways
#11
Yue Hu, Ivana Semova, Xiaowei Sun, Hong Kang, Satyapal Chahar, Anthony N Hollenberg, David Masson, Matthew D Hirschey, Ji Miao, Sudha B Biddinger
Though calorically equivalent to glucose, fructose appears to be more lipogenic, leading to dyslipidemia, fatty liver disease, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. To better understand how fructose induces lipogenesis, we compared the effects of fructose and glucose on the mTORC1 signaling node, a central regulator of lipogenesis. We found that fructose acutely and transiently suppressed mTORC1 signaling in vitro and in vivo. The constitutive activation of mTORC1 reduced hepatic lipogenic gene expression and produced hypotriglyceridemia after one week of fructose feeding...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221682/effects-of-fructose-consumption-on-food-intake-and-biochemical-and-body-parameters-in-wistar-rats
#12
Viviane Wagner Ramos, Leandro Oliveira Batista, Kelse Tibau Albuquerque
INTRODUTION AND OBJECTIVE: Increased fructose consumption is associated with various metabolic changes that favor the onset of obesity and related comorbidities. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of chronic fructose consumption on body weight and adipose tissue, as well as on serum glucose and triglyceride levels. METHODS: Thirty-day-old Wistar rats were divided into two groups: fructose (F) and control (C), which had free access to commercial chow and either water or a 20% fructose solution...
December 5, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220805/processing-of-wet-kinnow-mandarin-citrus-reticulata-fruit-waste-into-novel-br%C3%A3-nsted-acidic-ionic-liquids-and-their-application-in-hydrolysis-of-sucrose
#13
Pratibha Dwivedi, Mangat Singh, Naina Sehra, Nishant Pandey, Rajender S Sangwan, Bhuwan B Mishra
In citrus processing industries, where up to 60% of the whole fruit is discarded, generates citrus waste (peel, seeds, membrane, and pulp) on a massive scale. The waste does not currently have high-value applications, instead the majority is disposed of or pelletized for animal feed. Therefore, a concise and efficacious protocol for processing of Kinnow mandarin (Citrus reticulata) fruit waste to numerous novel Brønsted acidic ionic liquids (3a-k) have been developed. BAILs were characterized using spectroscopic techniques (FT-IR and NMR)...
December 2, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220151/integration-of-enzymes-in-polyaniline-sensitized-3d-inverse-opal-tio2-architectures-for-light-driven-biocatalysis-and-light-to-current-conversion
#14
Marc Riedel, Fred Lisdat
Inspired by natural photosynthesis, coupling of artificial light-sensitive entities with biocatalysts in a biohybrid format can result in advanced photobioelectronic systems. Herein, we report on the integration of sulfonated polyanilines (PMSA1) and PQQ glucose dehydrogenase (PQQ-GDH) into inverse opal TiO2 (IO-TiO2) electrodes. While PMSA1 introduces sensitivity for visible light into the biohybrid architecture and ensures the efficient wiring between the IO-TiO2 electrode and the biocatalytic entity, PQQ-GDH provides the catalytic activity for the glucose oxidation and therefore feeds the light-driven reaction with electrons for an enhanced light-to-current conversion...
December 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218531/glut2-expressing-neurons-as-glucose-sensors-in-the-brain-electrophysiological-analysis
#15
Gwenaël Labouèbe, Bernard Thorens, Christophe Lamy
Brain glucose sensing plays an essential role in the regulation of energy homeostasis. Recent publications report that neurons expressing glucose transporter GLUT2 act as glucose sensors in different regions of the brain and contribute to the control of glucose homeostasis and feeding behavior. In this chapter we describe the methods used to explore glucose sensing in genetically tagged GLUT2-expressing neurons with slice electrophysiology.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218064/non-diabetic-hyperglycemia-and-some-of-its-correlates-in-icu-hospitalized-patients-receiving-enteral-nutrition
#16
Mohammad Amin Valizadeh Hasanloei, Zahra Vahdat Shariatpanahi, Davoud Vahabzadeh, Zakaria Vahabzadeh, Leila Nasiri, Ali Shargh
Introduction: Hyperglycemia is a common occurrence in critically ill patients, and its prevalence in patients receiving nutritional support is much higher than in other patients. The non-diabetic form is associated with more undesirable outcomes. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of non-diabetic hyperglycemia and its correlates in patients receiving enteral nutrition. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed between March and December 2015...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217485/developmental-origins-of-adult-health-and-disease-the-metabolic-role-of-bdnf-from-early-life-to-adulthood
#17
REVIEW
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Accumulating evidence suggests that the origins of adult disease may occur during fetal life. Thus, the concept of "developmental programming" has been introduced and supported by epidemiological and experimental data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could interfere in metabolism control. The mechanisms responsible for this "developmental programming" remain poorly documented. Current research indicates that neurotrophins and particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a crucial role in this process...
December 4, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216950/-effect-of-early-enteral-nutrition-standardized-treatment-on-blood-glucose-and-prognosis-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-patients-with-mechanical-ventilation
#18
Chunmiao Zhong, Chaohui Ji, Zhuquan Dai, Kai Fu, Xiaohong Wen, Huibin Pan
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of early entreat nutrition (EN) standardized treatment on optimization of blood glucose control and prognosis in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients with mechanical ventilation (MV). METHODS: Forty-two patients with MV of ARDS admitted to Huzhou First Municipal People's Hospital from April 2015 to March 2017 were enrolled. April 1st, 2016 was taken as the time node, the patients treated from April 1st, 2015 to March 31st, 2016 were assigned in the control group (n = 20), while the patients treated from April 1st, 2016 to March 31st, 2017 were included in the experimental group (n = 22)...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216237/the-nutraceutical-benefits-of-subfractions-of-abelmoschus-esculentus-in-treating-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Chien-Ning Huang, Chau-Jong Wang, Chih-Li Lin, Hui-Ting Lin, Chiung-Huei Peng
Abelmoschus esculentus (AE), a commonly consumed vegetable, is well-known for its anti-hyperglycemic effects. However, few scientific reports have identified its targets because mucilage increases the difficulty of manipulation. We recently reported extraction steps to obtain subfractions of AE, which were found to attenuate the adverse effects of high glucose and fatty acid in vitro. In this study, we used modified extraction steps and type 2 diabetic rats to explore whether AE subfractions can improve the metabolic disturbances caused by insulin resistance in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214018/transcriptional-changes-in-mesenteric-and-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-from-holstein-cows-in-response-to-plane-of-dietary-energy
#20
S J Moisá, P Ji, J K Drackley, S L Rodriguez-Zas, J J Loor
Background: Dairy cows can readily overconsume dietary energy during most of the prepartum period, often leading to higher prepartal concentrations of insulin and glucose and excessive body fat deposition. The end result of these physiologic changes is greater adipose tissue lipolysis post-partum coupled with excessive hepatic lipid accumulation and compromised health. Although transcriptional regulation of the adipose response to energy availability is well established in non-ruminants, such regulation in cow adipose tissue depots remains poorly characterized...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
keyword
keyword
60679
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"