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Abhishek G Singh, Shrikant J Jai, Arvind P Ganpule, Mohankumar VijayKumar, Ravindra B Sabnis, Mahesh R Desai
INTRODUCTION: Lymphyocele by definition is the collection of lymph that is contained by a pseudomembrane. Management of lymphocele varies from simple aspiration or aspiration with sclerothreapy to more invasive technique, such as internal/external drainage. We present the results of 36 patients who developed pelvic lymphocele after renal transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1720 patients underwent living related donor renal allograft transplant at our centre...
January 30, 2017: World Journal of Urology
Qing Zeng, Xiao-Long He, Han-Sheng Xiao, Lei DU, Yu-Jing Li, Le-Cheng Chen, Hui-Wen Tian, Sheng-He Huang, Hong Cao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG conditioned medium(LGG-CM)has preventive effect against E. coli K1-induced neuropathogenicity in vitro by inhibiting nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway. METHODS: An in vitro blood-brain barrier (BBB) model was constructed using human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs). The effect of LGG-CM on E. coli-actived NF-κB signaling pathway was assayed using Western blotting. Invasion assay and polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) transmigration assay were performed to explore whether LGG-CM could inhibit E...
January 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus‑based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel, and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic workup of patients with chronic widespread (generalized) pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treatment options. Every patient with CWP requires, at the first medical evaluation, a complete history, medical examination, and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, measurement of C‑reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid‑stimulating hormone, and 25‑hydroxyvitamin D levels) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
Zahari Krastev, Diana Petrova, Iskren Kotzev, Mustafa Kemal Celen, Meryl Mendelson, Richa Chandra, Priti Pandey, Kamal Hamed
AIM: To make efficacy and safety comparison of telbivudine-raodmap and tenofovir-roadmap in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS: This was the first prospective, randomised, two-arm, open-label, non-inferiority study in HBeAg-negative CHB patients that compared telbivudine and tenofovir administered as per roadmap concept. Patients were treated up to 24 wk and, depending on virologic response, continued the same therapy or received add-on therapy up to 104 wk...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Qing-Ran Kong, Bing-Teng Xie, Heng Zhang, Jing-Yu Li, Tian-Qing Huang, Ren-Yue Wei, Zhong-Hua Liu
Differentiated cells can be reprogrammed by transcription factors, and these factors that are responsible for successful reprogramming need to be further identified. Here, we show that the neuronal repressor RE1-silencing transcription factor (REST) is rich in porcine oocytes and requires for nuclear transfer (NT)-mediated reprogramming through inhibiting TGFβ signaling pathway. REST was dramatically degraded after oocyte activation, but the residual REST was incorporated into the transferred donor nuclei during reprogramming in NT embryos...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Sae Jung Na, Jin Kyoung Oh, Seung Hyup Hyun, Jeong Won Lee, Il Ki Hong, Bong-Il Song, Tae-Sung Kim, Jae Seon Eo, Sung Won Lee, Ie Ryung Yoo, Yong An Chung, Mijin Yun
Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) consists of a heterogeneous group of patients with a wide range of survival times, requiring further prognostic stratification to facilitate treament allocation. We evaluated the prognostic value of (18)F-flurodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) at the time of presentation in patients with BCLC stage C HCC. METHODS: A total of 291 patients with BCLC stage C HCC who underwent (18)F-FDG PET/CT between 2009 and 2010 for staging were retrospectively enrolled from 7 university hospitals...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Yingguo Ren, Baochao Zhang, Dongpei Jia, Ke Hu
Objective To investigate the effects of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) in rats and explore the possible immune regulation mechanism. Methods Lewis rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, EAMG group, TMP low-dose group (TMP-L, 10 mg/kg) and TMP high-dose group (TMP-H, 20 mg/kg). Except the control group, the other 3 groups were subjected to EAMG modeling. The body mass was determined and the symptoms of muscular weakness in rats were scored by Lennon EAMG criteria...
November 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
B S Sukovatykh, L N Belikov, M B Sukovatykh, D V Sidorov, M A Inarkhov, E B Inokhodova
AIM: to improve treatment of patients with severe atherosclerotic lesion of lower extremities arteries followed by critical ischemia by optimization of femoropopliteal bypass surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Treament and survey of 60 patients with severe atherosclerotic lesion of femoropopliteotibial segment and critical lower limb ischemia were analyzed. Patients were divided into 2 groups depending on technique of femoropopliteal bypass. Conventional in situ autovenous technique was used in group 1...
2016: Khirurgiia
Leelawadee Techasatian, Sunee Panombualert, Rattapon Uppala, Charoon Jetsrisuparb
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are severe lifethreatening skin conditions. The most common cause of these manifestations is medications. Beside discontinued of the culprit drug, systemic corticosteroids were used as a primary treatment option among pediatric population. This study aimed to explore causative drugs (drug group/ latent period), treaments, complications, and treatment outcome (morbidity, mortality, length of hospital stay) of SJS and TEN in children...
September 20, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
M Ashraf, A Souka, R Adelman, S H Forster
The recent results of Protocol T have illustrated the efficacy of aflibercept in the treatment of diabetic macular edema. It also demonstrated that in patients with poor vision (<6/12), aflibercept offers anatomical and visual advantages over ranibizumab and bevacizumab in the first 12 months of treament. At 2 years, the difference between the three drugs decreased with patients with a better baseline VA (69-78) showing a statistically insignificant advantage for ranibizumab compared with aflibercept.These results were achieved using a pro-re nata (PRN) protocol, which was not previously studied in large phase 3 trials, VIVID and VISTA, that chose to compare the 2...
December 2016: Eye
Burak Kazanci, Selcuk Ozdogan, Ramazan Kahveci, Emre Cemal Gokce, Kazim Yigitkanli, Aysun Gokce, Bulent Erdogan
AIM: We aimed in this study to evaluate the effect of pregabalin pretreatment on spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion(I/R) injury and compare it with methylprednisolone(MP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rats were randomized into four groups as follow: group 1 (sham)(n=8), group 2 (ischemia only)(n=8), group 3 (30 mg/kg pregabalin)(n=8), and group 4 (30 mg/kg methylprednisolone)(n=8). Laparotomy was performed without aortic clamp in the sham group. All animals were killed at 24 h after surgery...
April 27, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Guldal Gulec Suyen, Naciye Isbil-Buyukcoskun, Nevzat Kahveci, Ece Sengun, Kasim Ozluk
In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of immediate and delayed treatment with intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) gabapentin (GBP), carbamazepine (CBZ) and 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) on learning and memory, anxiety, and locomotor activity in rats with lithium-pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE). SE was induced by intraperitoneal injections of 3mEq/kg LiCl followed by 45mg/kg pilocarpine 24h later. In the first series of experiments, rats were divided into four groups three hours after the onset of SE and received GBP (100μg/10μl, two times a day; i...
September 2016: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
Katharina Palmer, Julia Köpp, Gerhard Gebauer, Marcus A Horn
Wetlands represent sources or sinks of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O). The acidic fen Schlöppnerbrunnen emits denitrification derived N2O and is also capable of N2O consumption. Global warming is predicted to cause more extreme weather events in future years, including prolonged drought periods as well as heavy rainfall events, which may result in flooding. Thus, the effects of prolonged drought and flooding events on the abundance, community composition, and activity of fen denitrifiers were investigated in manipulation experiments...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Mayura Nakano, Sunao Shoji, Taro Higure, Masayoshi Kawakami, Tetsuro Tomonaga, Toshiro Terachi, Toyoaki Uchida
The objective of this study was to report our experience with weekly low-dose docetaxel (DOC) chemotherapy for patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). From 2007 to 2014, 39 consecutive patients received weekly low-dose DOC; the oncological effectiveness, side effects and tolerability were prospectively analyzed. The median patient age, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level and Gleason score at diagnosis of prostate cancer were 71 years (range, 55-83 years), 187 ng/ml (range, 2.0-1711 ng/ml) and 8 (range, 5-10), respectively...
June 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Oscar Daher, Sylvain Nguyen, Cindi Smith, Christophe Büla, Jean-François Démonet
Dementia represents a great challenge for health care providers. Detection of cognitive impairment is critical for early diagnosis of dementia. Early diagnosis allows to initiate individualized management that focuses on maintaining patient's autonomy and supporting their caregivers. Proposed multimodal interventions include physical activity, cognitive training, mediterranean diet, and management of cardiovascular risk factors. Before the initiation of pro-cognitive therapy, medication review is essential to evaluate current treament and determine specific therapeutic objectives, based on patient's overall health and preferences...
April 20, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
Zhengtao Shen, Oliver McMillan, Fei Jin, Abir Al-Tabbaa
Salisbury biochar (produced from British broadleaf hardwood) with two different particle sizes (≤2mm and ≤0.15mm) was applied on a kaolin with three different lead (Pb(2+)) contamination levels (50mg/kg, 300mg/kg and 1000mg/kg) at the dosage of 1% in w/w. The short-term impact of biochar on the mobility and speciation of Pb(2+) in the kaolin was investigated using attenuation periods of 1, 7 and 28 days. The leachability and extractability of Pb(2+) in carbonic acid leaching and EDTA extraction tests as well as the speciation of Pb(2+) in soils were not significantly affected by biochar treatment during all periods...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Matthias M Heck, Mark Thalgott, Sebastian C Schmid, William K Oh, Yixuan Gong, Li Wang, Jun Zhu, Anna-Katharina Seitz, Desiree Porst, Michael Höppner, Margitta Retz, Jürgen E Gschwend, Roman Nawroth
BACKGROUND: To determine a prognostic model derived from prostate cancer-enhanced transcripts in whole blood of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients and explore its applicability as a surrogate of treatment response. METHODS: Six out of twenty-three selected transcripts were identified as specific for detection of metastatic prostate cancer cells in peripheral blood using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Their prognostic value was explored in whole blood samples of a training cohort (n = 22 CRPC patients, New York, USA)...
September 2016: Prostate
Zeqi Zheng, Songping Yu, Wan Zhang, Yongchao Peng, Mingyu Pu, Ting Kang, Junyi Zeng, Yuefei Yu, Guorong Li
INTRODUCTION: Phytoestrogen genistein may be useful to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, its mechanism is still not clear. The aim of the present study was to confirm the therapeutic effects of phytoestrogen genistein on PAH in monocrotaline-induced rat model and to explore its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group (n=8), PAH group (n=8), genistein treament group with three different doses (n=8 in each dose group) and group of PI3K inhibitor LY294002...
January 2017: Histology and Histopathology
Jie Zhou, Li-hua Bian, Lin Zou, Bin-qian Zhou, Wei Liu, Xiao Wang
Smoke water and distillation liquid were used to treat the seeds of Trichosathes kirilowii and to study the effects of smoke water and distillation liquid on the seed germination and seedling growth of T. kirilowii. The results showed that germination rate, germination index and germination vigor of T. kirilowii all were significantly improved with the treatment of SW and DL treatment. The activity of α-amylase were significantly increased with the treatment of SW and DL at 1:2,000. SW and DL treatment showed no significant effects on the activity of SOD...
October 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Ling Qiuyang, Wu Ting, Ye Ting, Su Zhaoliang, Zong Gangjun
OBJECTIVE: To establish human heart valve interstitial cells calcification culture model in vitro, and observe the effect of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) on calcification of human heart valve interstitial cells. METHODS: Human heart valve interstitial cells were cultured in vitro, and divided into control group: cells were cultured in conventional media plus recombinant human BMP-2 treatment and experimental group: besides above treaments, calcification inducers ( recombinant human BMP-2, β-glycerophosphate, L-ascorbic acid, dexamethasone) were added to the culture media...
August 2015: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
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