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Catastrophizing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328699/a-mindfulness-program-adapted-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain-feasibility-acceptability-and-initial-outcomes
#1
Danielle A Ruskin, Michelle M Gagnon, Sara A Kohut, Jennifer N Stinson, Kathryn S Walker
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric chronic pain is a major health issue which can lead to significant interference in daily functioning. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI's), which emphasize acceptance rather than control of pain, have gained increasing attention as a viable treatment option among adults with chronic pain. The effectiveness of MBIs for chronic pain in pediatric populations remains largely unknown. This prospective pre-post interventional study was conducted to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial effectiveness of an 8-week group MBI for adolescents (MBI-A) with chronic pain...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326401/an-unusual-presentation-of-catastrophic-failure-of-hip-arthroplasty-with-a-thigh-mass
#2
Florian Dibra, Hari Parvataneni
In the advent of increasing demand for total hip arthroplasty, surveillance of these patients is imperative to identify potential complications requiring revision surgery. This is especially important in the young population, as revision is usually necessary during their lifetime. We present a case of a young female patient with a history of total hip arthroplasty 17 years prior, who presented with left hip pain and anterior thigh mass. The prosthetic hip had progressed to catastrophic failure with the cobalt-chrome femoral head having eroded through the polyethylene and acetabular socket...
June 2016: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326054/dynamical-constants-and-time-universals-a-first-step-toward-a-metrical-definition-of-ordered-and-abnormal-cognition
#3
REVIEW
Mark A Elliott, Naomi du Bois
From the point of view of the cognitive dynamicist the organization of brain circuitry into assemblies defined by their synchrony at particular (and precise) oscillation frequencies is important for the correct correlation of all independent cortical responses to the different aspects of a given complex thought or object. From the point of view of anyone operating complex mechanical systems, i.e., those comprising independent components that are required to interact precisely in time, it follows that the precise timing of such a system is essential - not only essential but measurable, and scalable...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325939/the-enigma-of-extreme-traumatism-trauma-exclusion-and-their-impact-on-subjectivity
#4
Marcelo N Viñar
My aim is to discuss the immediate effects of extreme trauma and to speculate on its long term effects. The formulations associated with the Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome generate an overly medicalized view of trauma, grossly underestimating its devastating impact. Catastrophic traumatic experience rips a hole in the representational continuity of psychic life; neither representations nor narrations are generated. Instead, a representational emptiness occurs, such that what has taken place cannot be shared or transmitted...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324323/the-association-of-catastrophizing-with-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#5
LeeAnne B Sherwin, Emily Leary, Wendy A Henderson
BACKGROUND: Catastrophizing is a cognitive process characterized by a propensity to concentrate on and magnify the value of an actual or anticipated painful stimulus and negatively assesses one's ability to cope. Catastrophizing is an important predictor of pain-related outcomes. A cornerstone symptom of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is abdominal pain or discomfort. Also individuals with IBS have been reported to have a tendency to catastrophize. In a sample of individuals who suffer from IBS, we hypothesized that those individuals who catastrophize (catastrophizers) would have worse outcomes as compared to those who do not catastrophize (non-catastrophizers)...
March 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321280/does-an-educational-workshop-have-an-impact-on-caregivers-levels-of-knowledge-about-cerebral-palsy-a-comparative-descriptive-cross-sectional-survey-of-zimbabwean-caregivers
#6
Jermaine M Dambi, Celia Mandizvidza, Matthew Chiwaridzo, Clement Nhunzvi, Cathrine Tadyanemhandu
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of a child with a life-long disability, such as cerebral palsy (CP), can be catastrophic to parents. It is often accompanied by feelings of despair, anxiety, hopelessness, and the fear of the unknown. Knowledge about CP is thus essential for caregiver adjustment and preparation for the caregiving role. However, there is a paucity of empirical evidence regarding the best method for educating caregivers. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on caregivers' knowledge about cerebral palsy...
December 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321201/placebo-and-nocebo-effects-the-advantage-of-measuring-expectations-and-psychological-factors
#7
Nicole Corsi, Luana Colloca
Several studies have explored the predictability of placebo and nocebo individual responses by investigating personality factors and expectations of pain decreases and increases. Psychological factors such as optimism, suggestibility, empathy and neuroticism have been linked to placebo effects, while pessimism, anxiety and catastrophizing have been associated to nocebo effects. We aimed to investigate the interplay between psychological factors, expectations of low and high pain and placebo hypoalgesia and nocebo hyperalgesia...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320421/effectiveness-of-a-physiotherapist-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-patient-education-for-patients-who-undergoes-operation-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Sara Birch, Maiken Stilling, Inger Mechlenburg, Torben Bæk Hansen
BACKGROUND: Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is a common and generally effective procedure performed mainly due to advanced osteoarthritis, pain, physical disability and reduced quality of life. However, approximately 20% of the patients respond poorly to the surgery and chronic pain and disability following TKA remains a major health burden for many patients. Among the most well documented and powerful psychological predictors of poor outcome following TKA is pain catastrophizing. Recent research has shown that patients with these thoughts are at higher risk of having persistent pain and lower physical function after the operation than patients with low levels of pain catastrophizing before TKA...
March 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320355/severe-war-related-trauma-and-personality-pathology-a-case-control-study
#9
Jasna Munjiza, Dolores Britvic, Maja Radman, Mike J Crawford
BACKGROUND: Exposure to war-related trauma has long been recognised to have an adverse effect on mental health. We attempted to investigate whether people who have clinically significant personality-related problems 15 years after a war are more likely to have been exposed to severe war-related trauma than those who do not have significant personality difficulties. METHODS: A case -control study was conducted in southern Croatia, fifteen years after the 1991-1995 war...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319882/pain-characteristics-as-important-contributing-factors-to-upper-limb-dysfunctions-in-breast-cancer-survivors-at-long-term
#10
An De Groef, Mira Meeus, Tessa De Vrieze, Lore Vos, Marijke Van Kampen, Marie-Rose Christiaens, Patrick Neven, Inge Geraerts, Nele Devoogdt
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the treatment, patient, and impairment-related risk factors associated with upper limb dysfunctions in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 274 women treated for breast cancer. The following risk factors were analysed by bivariable and multivariable analysis: 1) treatment-related variables (type of surgery, levels of lymph node dissected, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and trastuzumab); 2) patient's related variables (age and Body Mass Index); 3) and finally impairment-related variables such as pain (intensity, quality and pressure hypersensitivity, signs of central sensitisation, the degree of pain catastrophizing and vigilance and awareness to pain), active ROM and upper limb strength were investigated...
March 14, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319713/observational-evidence-on-the-effects-of-mega-fires-on-the-frequency-of-hydrogeomorphic-hazards-the-case-of-the-peloponnese-fires-of-2007-in-greece
#11
M Diakakis, E I Nikolopoulos, S Mavroulis, E Vassilakis, E Korakaki
Even though rare, mega-fires raging during very dry and windy conditions, record catastrophic impacts on infrastructure, the environment and human life, as well as extremely high suppression and rehabilitation costs. Apart from the direct consequences, mega-fires induce long-term effects in the geomorphological and hydrological processes, influencing environmental factors that in turn can affect the occurrence of other natural hazards, such as floods and mass movement phenomena. This work focuses on the forest fire of 2007 in Peloponnese, Greece that to date corresponds to the largest fire in the country's record that burnt 1773km(2), causing 78 fatalities and very significant damages in property and infrastructure...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319509/a-high-preoperative-pain-and-symptom-profile-predicts-worse-pain-outcomes-for-children-after-spine-fusion-surgery
#12
Terri Voepel-Lewis, Michelle S Caird, Alan R Tait, Shobha Malviya, Frances A Farley, Ying Li, Matthew D Abbott, Tara van Veen, Afton L Hassett, Daniel J Clauw
BACKGROUND: Preoperative pain predicts persistent pain after spine fusion, yet little is understood about the nature of that pain, related symptoms, and how these symptoms relate to postoperative pain outcomes. This prospective study examined children's baseline pain and symptom profiles and the association between a high symptom profile and postoperative outcomes. METHODS: Seventy children (aged 10-17 years) scheduled for correction of idiopathic scoliosis completed pain and symptom surveys during their preoperative visit (ie, pain intensity [0-10 numeric rating scores], a pediatric version of the 2011 fibromyalgia survey criteria [including pain locations and symptom severity scale], neuropathic pain symptoms [painDETECT], and Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement System measures of fatigue, depression, function, pain interference, and pain catastrophizing)...
March 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318904/dual-memory-neural-networks-for-modeling-cognitive-activities-of-humans-via-wearable-sensors
#13
Sang-Woo Lee, Chung-Yeon Lee, Dong-Hyun Kwak, Jung-Woo Ha, Jeonghee Kim, Byoung-Tak Zhang
Wearable devices, such as smart glasses and watches, allow for continuous recording of everyday life in a real world over an extended period of time or lifelong. This possibility helps better understand the cognitive behavior of humans in real life as well as build human-aware intelligent agents for practical purposes. However, modeling the human cognitive activity from wearable-sensor data stream is challenging because learning new information often results in loss of previously acquired information, causing a problem known as catastrophic forgetting...
February 20, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318831/refractory-aqueous-misdirection-syndrome-a-possible-complication-of-penetrating-keratoplasty
#14
I Gama, W M Rodrigues, H P Filipe, M Y Faria, L D Almeida
CLINICAL CASE: An 85 year-old woman presented with a flat anterior chamber of the left eye, severe ocular hypertension, and a normal ultrasound examination in the day following a penetrating keratoplasty (PK). The clinical status did not respond to maximum medical therapy, laser posterior capsulotomy, anterior hyaloidotomy, and complete 23 G vitrectomy. The patient refused further intervention, and light perception was lost after 6 months of follow-up. DISCUSSION: This is the first report of refractory aqueous misdirection syndrome following primary PK...
March 16, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318023/therapeutic-disasters-that-hastened-safety-testing-of-new-drugs
#15
EDITORIAL
M F Paine
New drugs were not required to undergo premarket safety testing in the United States until 1938, when a therapeutic disaster-the Elixir Sulfanilamide tragedy-prompted Congress to pass a bill mandating this now-routine process. History repeated itself nearly 25 years later, when another therapeutic disaster-the thalidomide tragedy-led to passage of new amendments in 1962 to ensure drug efficacy and greater drug safety. As is typical with historical events, critical information was gained that led to novel approaches for understanding, predicting, diagnosing, and managing drug-induced toxicities...
April 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315479/biopsychosocial-influence-on-shoulder-pain-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-pre-clinical-trial
#16
Steven Z George, Roland Staud, Paul A Borsa, Samuel S Wu, Margaret R Wallace, Warren H Greenfield, Lauren N Mackie, Roger B Fillingim
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions are a prevalent and disabling problem. Preventing chronic musculoskeletal pain requires multifactorial treatment approaches that address its complex etiology. Prior cohort studies identified a high risk subgroup comprised of variation in COMT genotype and pain catastrophizing. This subgroup had increased chance of heightened pain responses (in a pre-clinical model) and higher 12month post-operatives pain intensity ratings (in a clinical model)...
March 14, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306199/surgical-management-of-extensive-osteoradionecrosis-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients-with-the-maxillary-swing-approach-and-free-muscular-flaps
#17
N Y Choi, H J Kim, Chung-Hwan Baek
Radiation therapy has been a standard treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma. However, it can cause extensive osteoradionecrosis which is associated with catastrophic complications including carotid artery rupture, cerebral infection, brain necrosis and cachexia.(1,2,3,4) Most of the cases of limited osteoradionecrosis of the nasopharynx have been treated by endoscopic debridement with a favorable success rate.(3.) This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 17, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303369/clinical-aspects-of-changes-in-water-and-sodium-homeostasis-in-the-elderly
#18
REVIEW
Christian A Koch, Tibor Fulop
The population of elderly individuals is increasing worldwide. With aging, various hormonal and kidney changes occur, both affecting water homeostasis. Aging is a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and many features of CKD are reproduced in the aging kidney. Dehydration and hyperosmolarity can be triggered by diminished thirst perception in this population. Elderly with dementia are especially susceptible to abnormalities of their electrolyte and body water homeostasis and should be (re-)assessed for polypharmacy...
March 16, 2017: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302416/plant-parts-substitution-based-approach-as-a-viable-conservation-strategy-for-medicinal-plants-a-case-study-of-premna-latifolia-roxb
#19
Ashish Kumar Jena, Maninder Karan, Karan Vasisht
BACKGROUND: Rapid population growth and catastrophic harvesting methods of wild medicinal plants especially trees, result in the exploitation of natural sources and its management is the need of the hour. Dashamoolarishta is an amalgam of roots of ten plants of a popular Ayurvedic FDC formulation consisting of the root of Premna latifolia Roxb. as one of its ingredients. Presently, their populations like many other trees are under threat due to extensive use of the roots by the herbal drug industry...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301859/brief-telephone-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-targeted-to-parents-of-children-with-functional-abdominal-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Rona L Levy, Shelby L Langer, Miranda A L van Tilburg, Joan M Romano, Tasha B Murphy, Lynn S Walker, Lloyd A Mancl, Robyn L Claar, Melissa M DuPen, William E Whitehead, Bisher Abdullah, Kimberly S Swanson, Melissa D Baker, Susan A Stoner, Dennis L Christie, Andrew D Feld
Pediatric functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs) are associated with increased health care utilization, school absences, and poor quality of life (QoL). Cost-effective and accessible interventions are needed. This multisite study tested the effects of a 3-session cognitive behavioral intervention delivered to parents, in-person or remotely, on the primary outcome of pain severity and secondary outcomes (process measures) of parental solicitousness, pain beliefs, catastrophizing, and child-reported coping...
April 2017: Pain
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