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Dysfunctional beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425582/identifying-the-best-sleep-measure-to-screen-clinical-insomnia-in-a-psychiatric-population
#1
Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Edimansyah Abdin, Sherilyn Chang, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are highly prevalent among patients with psychiatric disorders, and this mandates the need to identify the best self-administered sleep measure to screen for clinical insomnia among them. METHODS: A total of 400 psychiatric outpatients completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Flinders Fatigue Scale, Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, and Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale in a cross-sectional study...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412694/lateral-ankle-sprain-in-a-mouse-model-lifelong-sensorimotor-dysfunction
#2
Erik A Wikstrom, Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Sophie Guderian, Michael J Turner
CONTEXT:   Ankle sprains are the most common orthopaedic injury that occurs during sport and physical activity. Many individuals who sprain their ankles develop chronic ankle instability (CAI), a condition characterized by recurrent injury, decreased physical activity, and decreased quality of life. These residual impairments are believed to persist for the remainder of the patient's life, in part due to the link between CAI and posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis. However, this belief remains speculative due to the lack of long-term prospective investigations...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410582/comparison-of-pain-disorder-back-performance-and-psychological-factors-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-and-radicular-pain
#3
Seunghwan Kim, Jung Hyun Kim, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] This study investigated the relationship between pain intensity, lumber disability, and psychological factors in patients with low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 166 outpatients (116 female, 50 male) with chronic low back pain presenting for physical therapy participated in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: those with low back pain alone and those with both low back pain and radicular pain. Pain intensity and lumbar disability were measured using a visual analogue scale and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408910/pervasive-hard-wired-and-male-qualitative-study-of-how-uk-adolescents-view-alcohol-related-aggression
#4
Lydia Whitaker, Stephen L Brown, Bridget Young, Richard Fereday, Sarah M Coyne, Pamela Qualter
Laboratory studies of alcohol-inexperienced adolescents show that aggression can be primed by alcohol-related stimuli, suggesting that alcohol-related aggression is partly socially learned. Script theory proposes that alcohol-related aggression 'scripts' for social behaviors are culturally-available and learned by individuals. The purpose of the study was to understand the content and origins of alcohol-related aggression scripts learned by adolescents. This qualitative focus group study of 40 adolescents (ages 14-16 years) examined alcohol-related aggression scripts...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406323/the-role-of-emotional-competence-in-tako-tsubo-cardiomyopathy
#5
Angelo Compare, Agostino Brugnera, Marcantonio M Spada, Cristina Zarbo, Giorgio A Tasca, Sandra Sassaroli, Gabriele Caselli, Giovanni Maria Ruggiero, Ilan Wittstein
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined the role of emotional competences and depression in Tako-tsubo Cardiomyopathy (TTC). METHODS: We compared 37 TTC patients who experienced emotion triggers (TTC-t: mean age 66.4 ± 12.8 years, 33 women) with 37 TTC patients who did not experience emotion triggers (TTC-nt: mean age 65.8 ± 11.1 years, 33 women) and 37 patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction who experienced an emotion trigger (AMI-t: mean age 66.1 ± 10.1 years, 33 women)...
February 6, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403127/dysfunction-among-families-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-in-india-using-systems-model-prevalence-pattern-and-severity-of-impairment
#6
Pastin Pushpa Rani, Helen Charles, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell, K G Selvaraj, Priya Mary Mammen, Sushila Russell, Muttathu K C Nair
Objectives: Family dysfunction is observed in families with children with intellectual disability (ID). We study the prevalence, pattern of dysfunction, and severity of impairment in these special families using Systems approach. Methods: Sixty-two special families (a child with ID) and 62 typical families (all children with typical development) were included in the present study. The presence of ID was confirmed and quantified with the Binet-Kamat Scale of intelligence or Gesell's Developmental Schedule and Vineland Social Maturity Scales among the special families...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396021/sexual-inhibition-is-a-vulnerability-factor-for-orgasm-problems-in-women
#7
Inês M Tavares, Ellen T M Laan, Pedro J Nobre
BACKGROUND: The differential role of psychological traits in the etiology and maintenance of female orgasm difficulties is yet to be consistently established. AIM: To investigate the contribution of different psychological trait features (personality, sexual inhibition and excitation, and sexual beliefs) to predict female orgasm and to assess the degree to which these dispositional factors moderate the association between sexual activity and orgasm occurrence in a large community sample of Portuguese women...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392216/the-impact-of-pain-related-fear-on-neural-pathways-of-pain-modulation-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#8
Michael Lukas Meier, Philipp Stämpfli, Barry Kim Humphreys, Andrea Vrana, Erich Seifritz, Petra Schweinhardt
Introduction: Pain-related fear plays a substantial role in chronic low back pain (LBP) by amplifying the experienced disability. Related dysfunctional emotions and cognitions may also affect sensory aspects of pain through a modulatory pathway in which the periaqueductal gray (PAG) and the amygdala play key roles. Objectives: We therefore hypothesized a differential amygdala-PAG functional connectivity (FC) in patients with chronic LBP that is modulated by the degree of pain-related fear...
May 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391829/the-potential-role-of-angiogenesis-in-the-development-of-shoulder-pain-shoulder-dysfunction-and-lymphedema-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Trevor S Mafu, Alison V September, Delva Shamley
Shoulder morbidity is a well-documented sequela of breast cancer treatment, which includes various manifestations such as pain, reduced range of motion, and lymphedema, among others. The multifactorial nature of such morbidities has long been appreciated, and research on reliable risk predictors of development thereof still continues. Previous studies have demonstrated the potential of different types of physical therapy to treat such shoulder problems, and the integration of such interventions into routine care for breast cancer survivors is a requirement in most high-income countries...
2018: Cancer Management and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370851/subclinical-hypothyroidism-would-not-lead-to-female-sexual-dysfunction-in-chinese-women
#10
Han Luo, Wanjun Zhao, Hongliu Yang, Qianqian Han, Li Zeng, Huairong Tang, Jingqiang Zhu
BACKGROUND: There is dearth of research about female sexual dysfunction (FSD), especially in China, because of conservative beliefs. Previous studies indicated the relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism and anxiety and depression. However, there is dearth of research regarding the relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism and FSD in Chinses women. METHOD: A hospital-based research was conducted. Female sexual function was measured by CVFSFI which includes 19 items...
January 25, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347891/changing-character-a-narrative-review-of-personality-change-in-psychotherapies-for-personality-disorder
#11
John R Keefe, Robert J DeRubeis
OBJECTIVE: Personality disorder (PD) is a negative prognostic indicator for treatment, and absolute improvements in functioning among these patients are often modest. This may be because personality features that give rise to dysfunction in PD are not targeted optimally during most treatments. METHOD: Attachment, mentalization, core beliefs, and personality organization/defense use were identified as personality constructs that have been pursued in treatment studies and that are proposed to underlie PD...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346115/mitochondrial-dysfunction-a-key-player-in-the-pathogenesis-of-cardiovascular-diseases-linked-to-air-pollution
#12
REVIEW
Sri Rahavi Boovarahan, Gino A Kurian
Air pollution has become an environmental burden with regard to non-communicable diseases, particularly heart disease. It has been reported that air pollution can accelerate the development of heart failure and atrial fibrillation. Air pollutants encompass various particulate matters (PMs), which change the blood composition and heart rate and eventually leads to cardiac failure by triggering atherosclerotic plaque ruptures or by developing irreversible ischemia. A series of major epidemiological and observational studies have established the noxious effect of air pollutants on cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but the underlying molecular mechanisms of its susceptibility and the pathological disease events remain largely elusive and are predicted to be initiated in the cell organelle...
January 18, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332047/sally-anne-test-in-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia
#13
Shintaro Takenoshita, Seishi Terada, Osamu Yokota, Yumiko Kutoku, Yosuke Wakutani, Makoto Nakashima, Yohko Maki, Hideyuki Hattori, Norihito Yamada
Social cognition has recently been recognized as one of the essential cognitive domains. Some reports suggested that patients with Alzheimer's disease dementia (ADD) presented significant theory of mind deficits even in the mild condition. However, most previous studies included only small numbers of patients with ADD. The present study administered the first-order false belief (Sally-Anne) test to 116 consecutive patients with ADD from the outpatient units of the Memory Clinic and compared the characteristics of the two groups with correct and incorrect answers on the test...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330768/comorbid-insomnia-symptoms-predict-lower-6-month-adherence-to-cpap-in-us-veterans-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Douglas M Wallace, A M Sawyer, S Shafazand
PURPOSE: There is limited information on the association between pre-treatment insomnia symptoms and dysfunctional sleep beliefs with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence in veterans with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Our aims were to describe demographic and sleep characteristics of veterans with and without comorbid insomnia and determine whether pre-treatment insomnia symptoms and dysfunctional sleep beliefs predict CPAP use after 6 months of therapy. METHODS: Hispanic veterans attending the Miami VA sleep clinic were recruited and completed the insomnia severity index, the dysfunctional sleep belief and attitude scale (DBAS), and other questionnaires...
January 4, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324367/integrating-situation-specific-dysfunctional-expectations-and-dispositional-optimism-into-the-cognitive-model-of-depression-a-path-analytic-approach
#15
Tobias Kube, Verena Helena Anna Siebers, Philipp Herzog, Julia Anna Glombiewski, Bettina Katharina Doering, Winfried Rief
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional expectations are considered to be core features of mental disorders and, in particular, major depression. The aim of the present study was to integrate two important types of expectations into the cognitive model of depression: situation-specific dysfunctional expectations (SDE) and dispositional optimism (DO). It was hypothesized that the influence of both DO and intermediate beliefs (IB) on depressive symptoms would be mediated via SDE. METHODS: We examined 95 individuals (age M = 40...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323626/a-scenario-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-mobile-app-to-reduce-dysfunctional-beliefs-in-individuals-with-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Ji-Won Hur, Boram Kim, Dasom Park, Sung-Won Choi
INTRODUCTION: While self-administered mobile app-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has shown efficiency and effectiveness over the past decade, attempts to address automatic and negative beliefs have been lacking. The purpose of this study was to introduce and verify a mobile app that directly intervenes in dysfunctional thoughts. This app-based treatment includes recognizing automatic and negative thoughts of the protagonist of scenarios, writing advice directly to the main character, and sharing advice provided by other participants...
January 11, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314591/relationship-between-metacognitive-beliefs-and-psychosocial-performance-in-at-risk-states-of-psychosis-and-patients-with-first-psychotic-episodes
#17
Martin Brüne, Kim-Alisha Drommelschmidt, Seza Krüger-Özgürdal, Georg Juckel
AIMS: Improving diagnostic batteries to identify individuals at-risk for developing psychotic disorders as early as possible is an ongoing challenge in schizophrenia research. Here, we sought to explore whether metacognition in at-risk of developing psychosis would differ from that of first episode psychosis and unaffected controls and whether dysfunctional metacognitive beliefs would be associated with psychosocial functioning in the clinical groups. METHODS: Twenty-three subjects at-risk of psychosis were compared with a group of 15 first psychotic episode patients and 21 healthy controls with regard to their metacognitive beliefs and psychosocial functioning...
January 4, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280953/risk-factors-for-internet-gaming-disorder-psychological-factors-and-internet-gaming-characteristics
#18
Mi Jung Rho, Hyeseon Lee, Taek-Ho Lee, Hyun Cho, Dong Jin Jung, Dai-Jin Kim, In Young Choi
Background: Understanding the risk factors associated with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is important to predict and diagnose the condition. The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors that predict IGD based on psychological factors and Internet gaming characteristics; Methods: Online surveys were conducted between 26 November and 26 December 2014. There were 3568 Korean Internet game users among a total of 5003 respondents. We identified 481 IGD gamers and 3087 normal Internet gamers, based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria...
December 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249990/mediators-linking-childhood-adversities-and-trauma-to-suicidality-in-individuals-at-risk-for-psychosis
#19
Stefanie J Schmidt, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Sarah Bendall, Nicola Groth, Chantal Michel, Nadja Inderbitzin, Benno G Schimmelmann, Daniela Hubl, Barnaby Nelson
Suicidality is highly prevalent in patients at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis. Childhood adversities and trauma are generally predictive of suicidality. However, the differential effects of adversity/trauma-domains and CHR-criteria, i.e., ultra-high risk and basic symptom criteria, on suicidality remain unclear. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms and, thus, worthwhile targets for suicide-prevention are still poorly understood. Therefore, structural equation modeling was used to test theory-driven models in 73 CHR-patients...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226504/metacognitive-beliefs-as-a-predictor-of-health-anxiety-in-a-self-reporting-italian-clinical-sample
#20
Gabriele Melli, Robin Bailey, Claudia Carraresi, Andrea Poli
Research has supported the specific role that anxiety sensitivity, health-related dysfunctional beliefs, and metacognitive beliefs may play in the development and maintenance of health anxiety symptoms. However, the role of metacognitive beliefs in health anxiety has only been explored in analogue samples. The aim of this study was to explore for the first time the association between metacognitive beliefs and health anxiety symptoms in a sample of participants who reported having received a diagnosis of severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis) or illness anxiety disorder and test whether these beliefs are significant predictors of health anxiety after controlling for anxiety, depression, anxiety sensitivity, and dysfunctional beliefs...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
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