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Dysfunctional beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036391/improvement-in-negative-symptoms-and-functioning-in-cognitive-behavioral-social-skills-training-for-schizophrenia-mediation-by-defeatist-performance-attitudes-and-asocial-beliefs
#1
Eric Granholm, Jason Holden, Matthew Worley
Psychosocial interventions have significant but modest impact on negative symptoms and functioning in schizophrenia. Identifying mechanisms of change in these interventions can inform treatment targets to strengthen these interventions. A number of studies have found associations between dysfunctional attitudes negative symptoms and functioning in schizophrenia. We previously found improvement in experiential negative symptoms and functioning in cognitive-behavioral social skills training (CBSST) in participants with schizophrenia (N = 149), and the present study examined whether improvements in CBSST in that trial were mediated by the group effect on defeatist performance attitudes and asocial beliefs...
August 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034353/the-default-mode-network-in-autism
#2
Aarthi Padmanabhan, Charles J Lynch, Marie Schaer, Vinod Menon
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social communication and interaction. Since its discovery as a major functional brain system, the default mode network (DMN) has been implicated in a number of psychiatric disorders, including ASD. Here we review converging multimodal evidence for DMN dysfunction in the context of specific components of social cognitive dysfunction in ASD: 'self-referential processing' - the ability to process social information relative to oneself and 'theory of mind' or 'mentalizing' - the ability to infer the mental states such as beliefs, intentions, and emotions of others...
September 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031313/routes-to-diagnosis-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-men-s-cultural-beliefs-about-how-changes-to-their-bodies-and-symptoms-influence-help-seeking-actions-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Michelle King-Okoye, Anne Arber, Sara Faithfull
PURPOSE: To examine the findings of existing studies in relation to men's cultural beliefs about changes to their bodies relevant to prostate cancer and how these affect interpretation of bodily changes and help-seeking actions. METHOD: We undertook a narrative review of studies conducted from 2004 to 2017 in 6 databases that highlighted men's beliefs and help-seeking actions for bodily changes suggestive of prostate cancer. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) studies reflecting men from various ethnicities and nationalities were included...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026793/sexual-function-mental-well-being-and-quality-of-life-among-kurdish-circumcised-women-in-iran
#4
Farzaneh Daneshkhah, Hamid Allahverdipour, Leila Jahangiri, Tatiana Andreeva
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation is an intentional inhumane procedure that threatens girls and women's health. It is especially widespread in developing countries due to cultural, traditional and religious preferences. The aim of the current study was to investigate how circumcision affects women's sexual function. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the urban and rural area of Piranshahr County, Iran, in 2015 among convenience samples of 200 women, 15-49 yr old, who were applying to health care centers for receiving routine health care services...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982206/-in-exchange-with-copd-patients-towards-a-patient-oriented-communication
#5
N M Stenzel, K Kenn, G Steinkamp
The quality of life can be severely impaired in patients with COPD. In addition to physical restraints, they often suffer from psychological comorbidities (e. g. anxiety, depression). Psychological comorbidities are often associated with dysfunctional beliefs about the illness and its treatment. Such dysfunctional beliefs, in turn, are likely to negatively affect patients' quality of life as well as their communication with physicians and their illness behavior in general. It is therefore important for physicians to adapt their communication to account for patients' dysfunctional beliefs...
October 5, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972452/the-role-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-in-the-appearance-of-psychological-symptomatology-in-adult-women-victims-of-child-abuse
#6
Ana Estévez, Paula Jauregui, Nagore Ozerinjauregi, David Herrero-Fernández
Child abuse affects people's ways of thinking, feeling, and observing the world, resulting in dysfunctional beliefs and maladaptive schemas. Thus, consequences of child abuse may persist during adulthood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the psychological consequences (anxiety, phobic anxiety, depression, and hopelessness) of different types of maltreatment (physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and physical and emotional neglect) and to study the role of early maladaptive schemas in the onset of symptomatology in adult female victims of child abuse...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960625/exploring-the-paths-between-dysfunctional-attitudes-towards-motherhood-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-the-moderating-role-of-self-compassion
#7
Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro
Better understanding how cognitive processes operate to influence women's depressive symptoms during the postpartum period is crucial for informing preventive and treatment approaches. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between women's dysfunctional attitudes towards motherhood and depressive symptoms, considering the mediating role of negative automatic thoughts and the moderating role of self-compassion. A sample of 387 women in the postpartum period cross-sectionally answered a set of questionnaires to assess dysfunctional attitudes towards motherhood, negative automatic thoughts (general and postpartum-specific), depressive symptoms, and self-compassion...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960164/cognitive-expectancies-for-hypnotic-use-among-older-adult-veterans-with-chronic-insomnia
#8
Constance H Fung, Jennifer L Martin, Karen Josephson, Lavinia Fiorentino, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Stella Jouldjian, Yeonsu Song, Juan Carlos Rodriguez Tapia, Michael N Mitchell, Cathy A Alessi
OBJECTIVES: To examine relationships between cognitive expectancies about sleep and hypnotics and use of medications commonly used for insomnia (hypnotics). METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from older veterans who met diagnostic criteria for insomnia and were enrolled in a trial comparing CBTI delivered by a supervised, sleep educator to an attention control condition (N = 159; 97% male, mean age 72 years). We classified individuals as hypnotic users (N = 23) vs...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925350/beliefs-in-social-inclusion-invariance-in-associations-among-hope-dysfunctional-attitudes-and-social-inclusion-across-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#9
Clio Berry, Kathryn Greenwood
Social disability in youth is an important precursor of long-term social and mental health problems. Social inclusion is a key policy driver and fits well within a new paradigm of health and well-being rather than illness-oriented services, yet little is known about social inclusion and its facilitators for "healthy" young people. We present a novel exploratory structural analysis of social inclusion using measures from 387 14- to 36-year-olds. Our model represents social inclusion as comprising social activity and community belonging, with both domains predicted by hopeful and dysfunctional self-beliefs but hopefulness more uniquely predicting social inclusion in adolescence...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919156/chronic-low-back-pain-and-the-transdiagnostic-process-how-do-cognitive-and-emotional-dysregulations-contribute-to-the-intensity-of-risk-factors-and-pain
#10
M Le Borgne, A H Boudoukha, A Petit, Y Roquelaure
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Based on a transdiagnostic approach, this study assesses the impact of cognitive and emotional processes (difficulties in emotional regulation, impulsiveness, rumination and somatosensory amplification) on the psychological risk factors of chronic low-back pain. METHODS: The study was carried out with 256 patients with chronic low-back pain. All the variables were assessed through a booklet of 10 validated questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis and moderation analysis were performed...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903061/lymphatic-drainage-system-of-the-brain-a-novel-target-for-intervention-of-neurological-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Bao-Liang Sun, Li-Hua Wang, Tuo Yang, Jing-Yi Sun, Lei-Lei Mao, Ming-Feng Yang, Hui Yuan, Robert A Colvin, Xiao-Yi Yang
The belief that the vertebrate brain functions normally without classical lymphatic drainage vessels has been held for many decades. On the contrary, new findings show that functional lymphatic drainage does exist in the brain. The brain lymphatic drainage system is composed of basement membrane-based perivascular pathway, a brain-wide glymphatic pathway, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage routes including sinus-associated meningeal lymphatic vessels and olfactory/cervical lymphatic routes. The brain lymphatic systems function physiological as a route of drainage for interstitial fluid (ISF) from brain parenchyma to nearby lymph nodes...
September 10, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894070/-the-effects-of-mobile-social-networking-service-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-on-insomnia-in-nurses
#12
Ji Eun Kim, Suk Sun Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) based on the mobile social networking service (SNS) on dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep, sleep quality, daytime sleepiness, depression, and quality of life among rotating-shift nurses in a hospital in Korea. METHODS: A nonequivalent control group pre-post test design was used. The participants included 55 nurses with rotating three-shift work (25 in the experimental group and 30 in the control group)...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885410/distressing-sexual-function-at-midlife-unmet-needs-practical-diagnoses-and-available-treatments
#13
James A Simon, Vanessa A Lukas
Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is characterized as chronic sexual symptoms that manifest with personal distress in the domains of desire, arousal, orgasm, and pain. Extensive epidemiologic evidence estimates that almost 50% of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women experience FSD. Screening for FSD is not readily conducted and patient-physician discussion of sexuality is limited by the lack of physician training on the topic and by the patient-held belief that sexual issues are not medical in nature. The purpose of this commentary is to provide clinicians with a framework to approach the discussion of FSD, to clinically identify FSD through patient symptoms and physical signs, and to manage FSD in perimenopausal and postmenopausal patients with the available U...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860879/association-of-perfectionistic-and-dependent-dysfunctional-attitudes-with-subthreshold-depression
#14
Satoshi Horiuchi, Shuntaro Aoki, Koki Takagaki, Fumihito Shoji
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional attitudes are beliefs and attitudes that induce negative thoughts about the self, others, and the future, leading to depression. Perfectionistic dysfunctional attitudes are beliefs and attitudes about achievement and excessive fear of failure, while dependent dysfunctional attitudes are beliefs and attitudes about dependency on, and approval from, others. Subthreshold depression refers to a depressive state that does not meet the diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845368/effect-of-maladaptive-beliefs-and-attitudes-about-sleep-among-community-dwelling-african-american-men-at-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
Natasha J Williams, Girardin Jean-Louis, Mirnova E Ceïde, Abishek Pandey, Ricardo Osorio, Mary Mittelman, Samy I McFarlane
This study compared differences in both maladaptive beliefs and attitudes about sleep between African American (heareafter referred to as black) men at risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and those without OSA risk. METHODS: A convenience sample of 120 community-dwelling men provided sociodemographic, health and sleep data. A validated questionnaire was used to identify men at high risk for OSA and the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep (DBAS-16) scale was used to measure endorsed attitudes and beliefs about sleep...
June 2017: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836475/two-sides-of-the-same-coin-the-positive-and-negative-impact-of-spiritual-religious-coping-on-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-dialysis-patients
#16
Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Renata de Castro E Santos Soares, Ana Eliza Oliveira Santos, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Jonas Preposi Cruz, Paulo José Oliveira Cortez, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that spiritual/religious beliefs are associated with mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, few studies evaluated how spiritual/religious coping (SRC) could affect hemodialysis patients. OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the role of SRC behaviors on HRQoL and depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: This was cross-sectional study with 184 patients...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835743/how-beliefs-about-bladder-dysfunction-among-health-care-professionals-influence-clinical-practice-development-perspectives-of-allied-health-professionals-nurses-and-managers
#17
Catherine Browne, Maria Kehoe, Nancy Salmon
BACKGROUND: Bladder dysfunction can affect up to 75% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) on several important life domains. It is a multifaceted problem that remains underdiagnosed by health-care professionals. The aims of this study were to understand the perceptions of Irish health-care professionals regarding bladder dysfunction and to explore current service provision for people with MS. METHODS: Two focus groups, three dyadic interviews, and one semistructured interview with 14 health-care professionals lasting up to 90 minutes were audio-recorded...
July 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822390/physiologic-features-of-brain-death
#18
Eno-Obong Essien, Kristina Fioretti, Thomas M Scalea, Deborah M Stein
Brain death is known to be associated with physiologic derangements but their incidence is poorly described. Knowledge of the changes that occur during brain death is important for management of the potential organ donor. Thus, we sought to characterize the pathophysiology that occurs during brain death in patients with traumatic injuries. All brain-dead patients over a 10-year period were identified from the trauma registry at a level 1 urban trauma center. Patient demographics, injury characteristics, and clinical data for defining organ dysfunction were reviewed for the 24 hours surrounding brain-death declaration...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820427/a-review-of-the-neuropsychological-dimensions-of-tourette-syndrome
#19
REVIEW
Simon Morand-Beaulieu, Julie B Leclerc, Philippe Valois, Marc E Lavoie, Kieron P O'Connor, Bruno Gauthier
Neurocognitive functioning in Tourette syndrome (TS) has been the subject of intensive research in the past 30 years. A variety of impairments, presumably related to frontal and frontostriatal dysfunctions, have been observed. These impairments were found in various domains, such as attention, memory, executive functions, language, motor and visuomotor functions, among others. In line with contemporary research, other neurocognitive domains have recently been explored in TS, bringing evidence of altered social reasoning, for instance...
August 18, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810364/identifying-barriers-to-help-seeking-for-non-motor-symptoms-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#20
Catherine S Hurt, Lorna Rixon, K Ray Chaudhuri, Rona Moss-Morris, Mike Samuel, Richard G Brown
Non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease have a significant impact on quality of life. Despite this, many non-motor symptoms remain unreported by patients and consequently untreated. This study explored barriers to help-seeking using two theoretical frameworks, the Common Sense Model of illness perception and Theoretical Domains Framework. A total of 20 participants completed semi-structured interviews to explore symptom beliefs and help-seeking behaviour. Uncertainty about the relationship of non-motor symptoms to Parkinson's disease and lack of clarity around treatments were common...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
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