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Dysfunctional beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664187/exercise-interventions-and-patient-beliefs-for-people-with-hip-knee-or-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-a-mixed-methods-review
#1
REVIEW
Michael Hurley, Kelly Dickson, Rachel Hallett, Robert Grant, Hanan Hauari, Nicola Walsh, Claire Stansfield, Sandy Oliver
BACKGROUND: Chronic peripheral joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is extremely prevalent and a major cause of physical dysfunction and psychosocial distress. Exercise is recommended to reduce joint pain and improve physical function, but the effect of exercise on psychosocial function (health beliefs, depression, anxiety and quality of life) in this population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To improve our understanding of the complex inter-relationship between pain, psychosocial effects, physical function and exercise...
April 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628071/fatigue-is-associated-with-altered-monitoring-and-preparation-of-physical-effort-in-patients-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#2
Marieke E van der Schaaf, Karin Roelofs, Floris P de Lange, Dirk E M Geurts, Jos W M van der Meer, Hans Knoop, Ivan Toni
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterized by disabling fatigue, which is suggested to be maintained by dysfunctional beliefs. Fatigue and its maintenance are recently conceptualized as arising from abnormally precise expectations about bodily inputs and from beliefs of diminished control over bodily states, respectively. This study used functional neuroimaging to identify the neural correlates of fatigue and its maintenance by beliefs during a physical effort task. METHODS: We isolated behavioral adjustments and cerebral activity during feedback processing and motor preparation, in the context of a task in which patients with CFS (n = 85) and healthy control subjects (n = 29) produced 30%, 50%, and 70% of their right-hand maximal voluntary contraction, and received directional feedback on performance (e...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621025/sexual-problems-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-after-treatment-a-systematic-review
#3
Yun-Chen Chang, Shiow-Ru Chang, Shih-Che Chiu
BACKGROUND: Sexual health is a crucial part of quality of life in breast cancer survivors, regardless of their relationship status. However, previous studies have rarely used qualitative methods to explore the postoperative experiences and feelings of patients with breast cancer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the reasons underlying postoperative sexual relationship changes, sexual inactivity, and adaptation to sexual life in patients with breast cancer, as well as interventions provided by medical staff...
April 4, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590478/probabilistic-category-learning-and-striatal-functional-activation-in-psychosis-risk
#4
Nicole R Karcher, Jessica P Y Hua, John G Kerns
Background: Psychosis risk is associated with striatal dysfunction, including a previous behavioral study that found that psychosis risk is associated with impaired performance on a probabilistic category learning task (PCLT; ie, the Weather Prediction Task), a task strongly associated with striatal activation. The current study examined whether psychosis risk based on symptom levels was associated with both poor behavioral performance and task-related physiological dysfunction in specific regions of the striatum while performing the PCLT...
March 24, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576526/systematic-characterization-of-stress-induced-rna-granulation
#5
Sim Namkoong, Allison Ho, Yu Mi Woo, Hojoong Kwak, Jun Hee Lee
Upon stress, cytoplasmic mRNA is sequestered to insoluble ribonucleoprotein (RNP) granules, such as the stress granule (SG). Partially due to the belief that translationally suppressed mRNAs are recruited to SGs in bulk, stress-induced dynamic redistribution of mRNA has not been thoroughly characterized. Here, we report that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress targets only a small subset of translationally suppressed mRNAs into the insoluble RNP granule fraction (RG). This subset, characterized by extended length and adenylate-uridylate (AU)-rich motifs, is highly enriched with genes critical for cell survival and proliferation...
March 7, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553790/problem-solving-biofeedback-and-severe-brain-injury-the-moderating-role-of-positive-affect
#6
Sonya Kim, Joseph F Rath, Vance Zemon, Marie M Cavallo, Rollin McCraty, Ana Sostre, Frederick W Foley
OBJECTIVE: To examine how positive affect influences ability to benefit from heart rate variability (HRV) biofeedback treatment for individuals with severe brain injury. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of a nonrandomized experimental study that assessed the efficacy of biofeedback treatment for executive dysfunction in 13 individuals with chronic severe brain injury. RESULTS: Bivariate correlations between the predictors (levels of HRV and positive affect) and the outcome (change in Category Test errors) showed large effect sizes for higher levels of HRV coherence (r = -...
February 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537977/fulminant-myocarditis-characteristics-treatment-and-outcomes
#7
Giacomo Veronese, Enrico Ammirati, Manlio Cipriani, Maria Frigerio
Myocarditis is an inflammatory disease of the myocardium with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations, ranging from mild symptoms to severe heart failure. The course of patients with myocarditis is heterogeneous, varying from partial or full clinical recovery in few days to advanced low cardiac output syndrome requiring mechanical circulatory support or heart transplantation. Fulminant myocarditis (FM) is a peculiar clinical condition and is an acute form of myocarditis, whose main characteristic is a rapidly progressive clinical course with the need for hemodynamic support...
March 13, 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512314/exploring-functional-impairment-in-young-people-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-a-qualitative-study
#8
Jack Cotter, Sandra Bucci, Richard J Drake, Alison R Yung, Rebekah Carney, Dawn Edge
AIM: Many young people at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis exhibit marked and persistent impairments in social and occupational functioning. We aimed to explore UHR patients' subjective experiences of these difficulties and their causes. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 UHR individuals recruited from Early Detection and Intervention Teams in Northwest England. Topics covered included how participants spent their time, their interpersonal relationships, academic and occupational performance, premorbid functioning and clinical treatment...
March 7, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511418/obstetrics-at-decisive-crossroads-regarding-pattern-recognition-of-fetal-heart-rate-decelerations-scientific-principles-and-lessons-from-memetics
#9
REVIEW
Shashikant L Sholapurkar
The survival of cardiotocography (CTG) as a tool for intrapartum fetal monitoring seems threatened somewhat unjustifiably and unwittingly despite the absence of better alternatives. Fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations are center-stage (most important) in the interpretation of CTG with maximum impact on three-tier classification. The pattern-discrimination of FHR decelerations is inexorably linked to their nomenclature. Unscientific or flawed nomenclature of decelerations can explain the dysfunctional CTG interpretation leading to errors in detection of acidemic fetuses...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504478/targeting-dysfunctional-beta-cell-signaling-for-the-potential-treatment-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Rachel J Fenske, Michelle E Kimple
Since its discovery and purification by Frederick Banting in 1921, exogenous insulin has remained almost the sole therapy for type 1 diabetes mellitus. While insulin alleviates the primary dysfunction of the disease, many other aspects of the pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus are unaffected. Research aimed towards the discovery of novel type 1 diabetes mellitus therapeutics targeting different cell signaling pathways is gaining momentum. The focus of these efforts has been almost entirely on the impact of immunomodulatory drugs, particularly those that have already received FDA-approval for other autoimmune diseases...
January 1, 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504467/a-mixed-methods-examination-of-sleep-throughout-the-alcohol-recovery-process-grounded-in-the-social-cognitive-theory-the-role-of-self-efficacy-and-craving
#11
Alyssa T Brooks, Michael Krumlauf, Kenneth H Beck, Craig S Fryer, Li Yang, Vijay A Ramchandani, Gwenyth R Wallen
Sleep disturbances can accompany alcohol use disorders during various phases of the disease. This analysis utilized a mixed methods approach to assess whether sleep-related beliefs and/or behavior of individuals who are alcohol dependent were associated with sleep quality both pre- and postdischarge from a clinical research facility providing inpatient alcohol rehabilitation treatment. Individuals with higher self-efficacy for sleep (SE-S) reported better sleep quality at both time points. Individuals with fewer dysfunctional beliefs about sleep had poorer sleep quality at both time points...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501072/what-accounts-for-poor-functioning-in-people-with-schizophrenia-a-re-evaluation-of-the-contributions-of-neurocognitive-v-attitudinal-and-motivational-factors
#12
Aaron T Beck, Robyn Himelstein, Keith Bredemeier, Steven M Silverstein, Paul Grant
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive deficits are often seen as core features of schizophrenia, and as primary determinants of poor functioning. Yet, our clinical observations suggest that individuals who score within the impaired range on standardized tests can reliably perform better in complex real-world situations, especially when performance is embedded within a positive socio-affective context. METHODS: We analyzed literature on the influence of non-neurocognitive factors on test performance in order to clarify their contributions...
March 4, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493054/explaining-depression-symptoms-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder-do-maladaptive-metacognitive-beliefs-play-a-role
#13
Henrik Nordahl, Hans M Nordahl, Patrick A Vogel, Adrian Wells
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a major risk factor for developing symptoms of depression. Severity of social anxiety has previously been identified as a risk factor, and cognitive models emphasize dysfunctional schemas and self-processing as the key vulnerability factors underlying general distress in SAD. However, in the metacognitive model, depressive and other symptoms are related to metacognitive beliefs. The aim of this study was therefore to test the relative contribution of metacognitions when controlling for SAD severity and factors postulated in cognitive models...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482874/validity-of-an-alternate-hand-behind-back-shoulder-range-of-motion-measurement-in-patients-with-shoulder-pain-and-movement-dysfunction
#14
Kiran H Satpute, Toby Hall, Aditi Adanani
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the criterion-related validity of a novel method of measuring hand behind back (HBB) shoulder range of motion (ROM) for evaluating pain and disability in people with shoulder pain and movement impairment. METHODS: This cross-sectional study design evaluated shoulder ROM, pain, fear-avoidance beliefs, and disability in 60 people (aged 35-70 years, 31 male) with chronic unilateral shoulder dysfunction (mean duration 15...
March 2018: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478417/development-and-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-for-chronic-post-stroke-insomnia
#15
Katie Herron, Lorna Farquharson, Abigail Wroe, Annette Sterr
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBTI) has been successfully applied to those with chronic illness. However, despite the high prevalence of post-stroke insomnia, the applicability of CBTI for this population has not been substantially researched or routinely used in clinical practice. AIMS: The present study developed a 'CBTI+' protocol for those with post-stroke insomnia and tested its efficacy. The protocol also incorporated additional management strategies that considered the consequences of stroke...
February 26, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475056/dysfunctional-personality-disorder-beliefs-and-lifetime-suicide-attempts-among-psychiatrically-hospitalized-military-personnel
#16
Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Jessica M LaCroix, Rebecca Kauten, Kanchana Perera, Rusan Chen, Jennifer Weaver, Alyssa Soumoff
BACKGROUND: Personality disorders (PDs) are associated with an increased risk for suicide. However, the association between PDs and suicide risk has not been examined among military personnel. This study evaluated whether endorsement of different PD dysfunctional beliefs was associated with lifetime suicide attempt status. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Cross-sectional data were collected during the baseline phase of a randomized controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy of an inpatient cognitive behavior therapy protocol for the prevention of suicide...
January 31, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425582/identifying-the-best-sleep-measure-to-screen-clinical-insomnia-in-a-psychiatric-population
#17
Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Edimansyah Abdin, Sherilyn Chang, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are highly prevalent among patients with psychiatric disorders, and this mandates the need to identify the best self-administered sleep measure to screen for clinical insomnia among them. METHODS: A total of 400 psychiatric outpatients completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Flinders Fatigue Scale, Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, and Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale in a cross-sectional study...
January 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412694/lateral-ankle-sprain-in-a-mouse-model-lifelong-sensorimotor-dysfunction
#18
Erik A Wikstrom, Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Sophie Guderian, Michael J Turner
CONTEXT:   Ankle sprains are the most common orthopaedic injury that occurs during sport and physical activity. Many individuals who sprain their ankles develop chronic ankle instability (CAI), a condition characterized by recurrent injury, decreased physical activity, and decreased quality of life. These residual impairments are believed to persist for the remainder of the patient's life, in part due to the link between CAI and posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis. However, this belief remains speculative due to the lack of long-term prospective investigations...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410582/comparison-of-pain-disorder-back-performance-and-psychological-factors-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-and-radicular-pain
#19
Seunghwan Kim, Jung Hyun Kim, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] This study investigated the relationship between pain intensity, lumber disability, and psychological factors in patients with low back pain. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 166 outpatients (116 female, 50 male) with chronic low back pain presenting for physical therapy participated in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: those with low back pain alone and those with both low back pain and radicular pain. Pain intensity and lumbar disability were measured using a visual analogue scale and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408910/pervasive-hard-wired-and-male-qualitative-study-of-how-uk-adolescents-view-alcohol-related-aggression
#20
Lydia Whitaker, Stephen L Brown, Bridget Young, Richard Fereday, Sarah M Coyne, Pamela Qualter
Laboratory studies of alcohol-inexperienced adolescents show that aggression can be primed by alcohol-related stimuli, suggesting that alcohol-related aggression is partly socially learned. Script theory proposes that alcohol-related aggression 'scripts' for social behaviors are culturally-available and learned by individuals. The purpose of the study was to understand the content and origins of alcohol-related aggression scripts learned by adolescents. This qualitative focus group study of 40 adolescents (ages 14-16 years) examined alcohol-related aggression scripts...
2018: PloS One
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