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Dysfunctional beliefs

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226504/metacognitive-beliefs-as-a-predictor-of-health-anxiety-in-a-self-reporting-italian-clinical-sample
#1
Gabriele Melli, Robin Bailey, Claudia Carraresi, Andrea Poli
Research has supported the specific role that anxiety sensitivity, health-related dysfunctional beliefs, and metacognitive beliefs may play in the development and maintenance of health anxiety symptoms. However, the role of metacognitive beliefs in health anxiety has only been explored in analogue samples. The aim of this study was to explore for the first time the association between metacognitive beliefs and health anxiety symptoms in a sample of participants who reported having received a diagnosis of severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis) or illness anxiety disorder and test whether these beliefs are significant predictors of health anxiety after controlling for anxiety, depression, anxiety sensitivity, and dysfunctional beliefs...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200858/group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-insomnia-a-cross-sectional-case-controlled-study
#2
Hongjing Mao, Yutian Ji, You Xu, Guangzheng Tang, Zhenghe Yu, Lianlian Xu, Chanchan Shen, Wei Wang
Background: Group cognitive-behavioral therapy (GCBT) might meet the considerable treatment demand of insomnia, but its effectiveness needs to be addressed. Participants: This study recruited 27 insomnia patients treated with 16-weeks of zolpidem (zolpidem group), 26 patients treated with 4-weeks of zolpidem and also treated with 12-weeks of GCBT (GCBT group), and 31 healthy control volunteers. Methods: Before treatment and 16 weeks after intervention, participants were evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaires (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] and Patient Health Questionnaire-15 [PHQ-15]), the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep-16 (DBAS-16), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195921/social-cognition-and-self-other-distinctions-in-neuropsychiatry-insights-from-schizophrenia-and-tourette-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Clare M Eddy
Impairments in social cognition may reflect dysfunction of disorder specific or disorder general mechanisms. Although cross-disorder comparison may prove insightful, few studies have compared social cognition in different neuropsychiatric disorders. Parallel investigation of schizophrenia and Tourette syndrome (TS) is encouraged by similarities including the presence of problematic social behavior, echophenomena, emotional dysregulation and dopamine dysfunction. Focusing on tests of social cognition administered in both disorders, this review aims to summarize behavioral, neurophysiological and neuroimaging findings, before exploring how these may contribute to clinical symptoms...
November 28, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185820/delusional-misidentification-in-parkinson-s-disease-report-of-two-cases-and-a-review
#4
Neal Hermanowicz
Syndromes of delusional misidentification consist of disordered familiarity and have been reported in diverse diagnoses, including Parkinson's disease. Although the most common delusional misidentification is Capgras syndrome, in which the sufferer believes a familiar person has been replaced by an identical imposter, other forms have been also described. The pathogenesis of delusions of misidentification appears to require dysfunction of or connection to a left cerebral cortical area involved in recognition of familiarity, and also right frontal cortex serving belief evaluation...
November 29, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180231/regional-gray-matter-volume-and-structural-network-strength-in-somatic-vs-non-somatic-delusional-disorders
#5
Markus Huber, Robert Christian Wolf, Peter Lepping, Erwin Kirchler, Martin Karner, Fabio Sambataro, Bärbel Herrnberger, Philip R Corlett, Roland W Freudenmann
BACKGROUND: Monothematic delusional disorders are characterized by a single tenacious belief. They provide a great opportunity to study underlying brain structures in the absence of confounding symptoms that accompany delusions in schizophrenia. Delusional beliefs include persecution, jealousy or somatic delusions including infestation. It is unclear whether specific delusional content is associated with distinct neural substrates. METHODS: We used magnetic resonance imaging in patients presenting with somatic vs...
November 24, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166221/the-relationship-between-perceived-parenting-negative-core-beliefs-and-dysfunctional-attitudes-among-young-adults
#6
Yuji Kuroda
Previous studies have found that perceived parenting is associated with dysfunctional attitudes that predict depression. However, few studies have empirically investigated processes by which perceived parenting is associated with dysfunctional attitudes. To fill this gap, this study tested the hypothesis that perceived low parental care would be associated with negative core beliefs, which, in turn, would be associated with dysfunctional attitudes. To strictly test the hypothesis, this study controlled for current depressive symptoms that could affect the relationships between study variables...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156426/theory-of-mind-and-schizophrenia-in-young-and-middle-aged-patients-influence-of-executive-functions
#7
Marta Croca, Aurèlie Lagodka, Remi Gadel, Marie Chantal Bourdel, Narjes Bendjemaa, Raphael Gaillard, Jean Pierre Olié, M Champagne-Lavau, Marie Odile Krebs, Isabelle Amado
Theory of Mind (ToM) is compromised in schizophrenia, and responsible for social disability. We aim to study the correlation between ToM deficits and Executive Functions (EF), using the Faux Pas Test (FPT) for ToM evaluation, Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS) and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) for EF assessment. Two groups of patients with schizophrenia were included: 22 young (18-35 years-old) and 18 middle-aged (>50 years-old) Patients, compared to age-matched Controls. We found worst FPT performances in both groups of patients, but with a more generalized pattern of dysfunction in the middle-aged patient group...
November 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149850/a-cross-sectional-examination-of-psychological-distress-positive-mental-health-and-their-predictors-in-medical-students-in-their-clinical-clerkships
#8
Inge van Dijk, Peter L B J Lucassen, Chris van Weel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: Medical students can experience the transition from theory to clinical clerkships as stressful. Scientific literature on the mental health of clinical clerkship students is scarce and mental health is usually defined as absence of psychological distress without assessing psychological, emotional and social wellbeing, together called 'positive mental health'. This cross-sectional study examines the prevalence of psychological distress and positive mental health and explores possible predictors in a Dutch sample of clinical clerkship students...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142451/sexual-functioning-beliefs-about-sexual-functioning-and-quality-of-life-of-women-with-infertility-problems
#9
Prathibha Agustus, Manjula Munivenkatappa, Padmini Prasad
Background: The study was conducted in the background of paucity of studies examining the sexual and psychosocial functioning of women with infertility. Aims: The study explored sexual functioning in women with infertility problems, their beliefs about sexuality and their quality of life. Settings and Design: A single group exploratory design with non-probability purposive sampling was used. A total of 30 participants diagnosed with primary infertility were included in the study...
July 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137632/descriptive-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-for-the-pediatric-population-in-quebec-canada
#10
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Osteopathy is an increasingly popular healthcare approach that uses a wide variety of therapeutic manual techniques to address pain and somatic dysfunction. In Quebec, Canada, osteopathy is the complementary medicine most often recommended by family physicians. However, factors fostering the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between physicians and osteopaths are unknown. This study aimed to describe the current situation in terms of IPC among practitioners working with pediatric patients...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118856/sleep-disturbances-and-memory-impairment-among-pregnant-women-consuming-khat-an-under-recognized-problem
#11
Md Dilshad Manzar, Mohammed Salahuddin, Peter Sony, Tarekegn Tesfaye Maru, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal, Adam Moscovitch, Ahmed S Bahammam
Khat (Catha edulis) is a evergreen flowering shrub that is cultivated at high altitudes, especially in East Africa and the southwest of the Arabian Peninsula. The plant contains alkaloids, of which cathinone and cathine have structural similarity and pharmacological action similar to amphetamines. The leaves are, therefore, consumed in some regions as a psychoactive stimulant due to cultural beliefs and misperceptions on the health benefits of khat consumption. This resulted in a growing prevalence of khat consumption among pregnant women...
October 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117710/psychometric-properties-of-the-frost-multidimensional-perfectionism-scale-in-spanish-children-and-adolescents
#12
Aurora Gavino, Raquel Nogueira, Lucía Pérez-Costillas, Antonio Godoy
The Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS) is one of the most used instruments to assess perfectionism. The FMPS assesses six dimensions: Concern over Mistakes (CM), Parental Expectations (EP), Parental Criticism (PC), Doubts about Actions (DA), Organization (OR), and Personal Standards (PS). CM, PE, PC, and DA are facets of a more general dimension considered Maladaptive Perfectionism. PS is frequently considered Adaptive Perfectionism. FMPS psychometric properties have been studied in adults but scarcely in children...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094777/the-pregnancy-related-beliefs-questionnaire-prbq-an-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-in-perinatal-samples
#13
Dawn M Leach, Philip Terry, Ana V Nikčević
BACKGROUND: Identifying vulnerability to perinatal depression is an important public health issue. Risk factors include general and maternal-specific dysfunctional attitudes. Scales of maternal attitudes have a number of shortcomings. Further, it is not known whether antenatal maternal attitudes predict post-natal depression, independently of general dysfunctional attitudes (GDA). The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Pregnancy Related Beliefs Questionnaire (PRBQ) and to establish, prospectively, the utility of the revised PRBQ in predicting the symptoms of post-natal depression...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091514/the-post-injury-psychological-sequelae-of-high-level-jamaican-athletes-exploration-of-a-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-self-efficacy-conceptualisation
#14
André Bateman, Kai A D Morgan
CONTEXT: Athletes at the highest levels appear to be most affected by sport-related injuries and suffer both physiologically and psychologically. Established models of psychological responses to injury however do not offer a comprehensive explanation based on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), though some studies suggest that injuries may be interpreted as traumatic. Studies also suggest that perceived self-efficacy may be a mediator of PTSD development. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the psychological sequelae experienced by high-level athletes as a result of sport related injuries based on a PTSD-Self-Efficacy framework...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075120/relationship-of-negative-and-positive-core-beliefs-about-the-self-with-dysfunctional-attitudes-in-three-aspects-of-life
#15
Koichi Otani, Akihito Suzuki, Yoshihiko Matsumoto, Toshinori Shirata
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive theory assumes a pivotal role of negative core beliefs about the self in dysfunctional attitudes predisposing to depression. Meanwhile, the role of positive core beliefs about the self in cognitive vulnerability to depression is unknown. Therefore, we examined the relationship of negative and positive core beliefs about the self with dysfunctional attitudes in three aspects of life. METHODS: The subjects were 311 Japanese volunteers. Core beliefs of negative-self and positive-self were evaluated by the corresponding subscales of the Brief Core Schema Scales...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069698/-motivation-of-men-to-participate-in-physical-activity-programs-for-health-promotion
#16
Bettina Wollesen, Sarah Lorf, Laura Luise Bischoff, Josefine Menzel
Study aim The rate of men participating in health promotion programs is lower than that of women. The reasons and barriers for the different motivation of men as well as wishes and perception for prevention are not yet sufficiently analyzed. This quantitative survey examines motives and barriers of men for participation in primary prevention. Thus, the sample was subdivided into 2 groups, namely motivated vs. non-motivated regarding being active for health promotion. Differences between the 2 groups concerning current health status, health beliefs and health behavior were analyzed to plan more suitable programs in the future...
October 25, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066053/insomnia-heterogeneity-characteristics-to-consider-for-data-driven-multivariate-subtyping
#17
REVIEW
Jeroen S Benjamins, Filippo Migliorati, Kim Dekker, Rick Wassing, Sarah Moens, Tessa F Blanken, Bart H W Te Lindert, Jeffrey Sjauw Mook, Eus J W Van Someren
Meta-analyses and systematic reviews have reported surprisingly few consistent insomnia-characteristics with respect to cognitions, mood, traits, history of life events and family history. One interpretation of this limited consistency is that different subtypes of insomnia exist, each with its own specific multivariate profile of characteristics. Because previously unrecognized subtypes will be differentially represented in individual studies and dilute effect sizes of subtype-dependent characteristics of importance, they are unlikely to be reported consistently in individual studies, let alone in meta-analyses...
November 9, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036391/improvement-in-negative-symptoms-and-functioning-in-cognitive-behavioral-social-skills-training-for-schizophrenia-mediation-by-defeatist-performance-attitudes-and-asocial-beliefs
#18
Eric Granholm, Jason Holden, Matthew Worley
Psychosocial interventions have significant but modest impact on negative symptoms and functioning in schizophrenia. Identifying mechanisms of change in these interventions can inform treatment targets to strengthen these interventions. A number of studies have found associations between dysfunctional attitudes negative symptoms and functioning in schizophrenia. We previously found improvement in experiential negative symptoms and functioning in cognitive-behavioral social skills training (CBSST) in participants with schizophrenia (N = 149), and the present study examined whether improvements in CBSST in that trial were mediated by the group effect on defeatist performance attitudes and asocial beliefs...
August 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034353/the-default-mode-network-in-autism
#19
Aarthi Padmanabhan, Charles J Lynch, Marie Schaer, Vinod Menon
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social communication and interaction. Since its discovery as a major functional brain system, the default mode network (DMN) has been implicated in a number of psychiatric disorders, including ASD. Here we review converging multimodal evidence for DMN dysfunction in the context of specific components of social cognitive dysfunction in ASD: 'self-referential processing' - the ability to process social information relative to oneself and 'theory of mind' or 'mentalizing' - the ability to infer the mental states such as beliefs, intentions, and emotions of others...
September 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031313/routes-to-diagnosis-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-men-s-cultural-beliefs-about-how-changes-to-their-bodies-and-symptoms-influence-help-seeking-actions-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Michelle King-Okoye, Anne Arber, Sara Faithfull
PURPOSE: To examine the findings of existing studies in relation to men's cultural beliefs about changes to their bodies relevant to prostate cancer and how these affect interpretation of bodily changes and help-seeking actions. METHOD: We undertook a narrative review of studies conducted from 2004 to 2017 in 6 databases that highlighted men's beliefs and help-seeking actions for bodily changes suggestive of prostate cancer. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) studies reflecting men from various ethnicities and nationalities were included...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
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