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imitators of preeclampsia

Jian Han, Bo-Ping Yang, Yi-Lin Li, Hong-Mei Li, Xiu-Hui Zheng, Li-Li Yu, Qiong Zhang, Ying-Ru Zheng, Ping Yi, Li Li, Jian-Xin Guo, Yuan-Guo Zhou
Increased circulating syncytiotrophoblast microparticles (STBMs) are often associated with preeclampsia (PE) but the molecular mechanisms regulating STBM shedding remain elusive. Experimental evidence has shown that actin plays a key role in STBM shedding and that Rho/ROCK is important in regulating actin rearrangement. To investigate the role of RhoB/ROCK-regulated actin arrangement in STBM shedding in PE, chorionic villous explants were prepared from placenta of patients with normotensive or PE pregnancies and BeWo cells were fused to imitate syncytiotrophoblasts...
June 21, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Moti Gulersen, Brian Charles Brost, Vladim Bobrovnikov, Eran Bornstein
BACKGROUND: Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome is a serious complication of pregnancy associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Several medical conditions have been described as imitators of this syndrome, presenting with similar signs and symptoms. CASE: A term, multiparous woman with a history of prior pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia developed symptoms and laboratory abnormalities suggestive of HELLP syndrome...
July 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Adam Morton
This review article describes disorders that may imitate preeclampsia (PET), preeclampsia with haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP syndrome) and eclampsia.
January 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
Maria Luisa Gasparri, Filippo Bellati, Roberto Brunelli, Giuseppina Perrone, Francesco Pecorini, Andrea Papadia, Giovanna Meloni, Silvia Maria Trisolini, Maria Gozzer, Lavinia Domenici, Francesca Lecce, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a severe disorder affecting the microcirculation of multiple organs due to a systemic endothelial cell injury secondary to a deficiency in ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) activity. TTP is a rare complication of pregnancy with a poor prognosis and high fetal mortality, especially when it occurs during the first trimester. Recent data have supported that effective treatment of TTP is plasma therapy...
October 2015: Transfusion
Mohammad-Ebrahim Parsanezhad, Armin Attar, Bahia Namavar-Jahromi, Sara Khoshkhou, Mohsen Khosravi-Maharlooei, Ahmad Monabati, Mojtaba Habibagahi
BACKGROUND: The results of studies measuring the number of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in normal pregnancies and in preeclampsia have been highly controversial or even contradictory because of cross-sectional designs and different methodologies enumerating three distinct subsets of EPCs: circulating angiogenic cells (CAC), colony-forming unit endothelial cell (CFU-ECs), and endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs). To provide a clear explanation for these underlying controversies, we designed a prospective study to compare the number of all EPC subsets between three trimesters of normal gestation and a case-control study to compare these values as preeclampsia occurs with those from gestational age (GA) matched normal pregnancy...
June 2015: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Erica L Berry, Sara N Iqbal
HELLP syndrome is a collection of symptoms described as hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets. HELLP syndrome complicates 0.01-0.6% of pregnancies and can be considered a severe variant of preeclampsia. The occurrence of HELLP syndrome diagnosed before the 20th week of gestation has been most commonly reported in association with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) or triploid chromosomal anomalies. A 41-year-old primigravida was admitted at 17 weeks and 6 days gestation with hypertension, proteinuria, hemolytic anemia and acute renal injury...
December 2014: Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics
M Iu Obolens'ka, R R Rodrihes, O P Martseniuk
The paper contains short information concerning the role of folate-related processes in cell metabolism and multiple diseases which are characterized by hyperhomocysteinemia. The authors represent more detailed information about the folate-related processes in human placenta, namely about the content of aminothiols at different allelic variants of placental methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase during the course of physiological pregnancy and preeclampsia. The existing data concerning the expression and catalytic activity of corresponding enzymes are corroborated by the authors' own results that proved for the first time the functional activity of transsulfuration pathway in human placenta...
January 2011: Ukraïnsʹkyĭ Biokhimichnyĭ Z︠h︡urnal
Bridget Kamen, Mark A Karwal, Jerome Yankowitz
BACKGROUND: Illnesses coincident with pregnancy may present similarly to preeclampsia or may be mistaken for severe preeclampsia or hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome. Distinguishing these imitators from preeclampsia is important to allow for appropriate treatment and to avoid unnecessary delivery. CASE: A primigravida at 32 2/7 weeks of gestation transferred to our institution with flu-like symptoms, anemia, jaundice, and elevated liver function tests...
February 2009: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Baha M Sibai
There are several obstetric, medical, and surgical disorders that share many of the clinical and laboratory findings of patients with severe preeclampsia-hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets syndrome. Imitators of severe preeclampsia-hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets syndrome are life-threatening emergencies that can develop during pregnancy or in the postpartum period. These conditions are associated with high maternal mortality, and survivors may face long-term sequelae...
April 2007: Obstetrics and Gynecology
R S Egerman, B M Sibai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1999: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
A Faridi, W Rath
The early detection of HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets) is the basic condition for immediate therapeutic management, which mainly leads to prompt delivery. The classical symptoms despite the typical laboratory evaluation (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) are epigastric or right upper quadrant pain and nausea and vomiting; the classical signs of preeclampsia (proteinuria and hypertension) may be absent in 20%. The differential diagnostic problems of HELLP syndrome arise in relation to the mimicry-symptomatic: upper abdomen pain can imitate gastroenterologic diseases (e...
May 1996: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
G Magnin, O Pourrat, P Magnin
Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder of pregnancy whose clinical presentation is related to the importance and the extent of maternal microvasculature damage. 16 patients with preeclampsia, thrombocytopenia (< 100,000/mm3), elevated liver enzymes and hemolysis are described. Weinstein in 1982 assigned the acronym of Hellp syndrome for this clinical presentation of preeclampsia. This syndrome was seldom recognized during the first years of the study but was diagnosed later on, in 1 pregnancy out of 600 parturitions and in 5% of preeclampsia in 1991...
February 1993: Bulletin de L'Académie Nationale de Médecine
H V Gärtner
Morphological examination of renal biopsies from 90 women with preeclampsia (PE), assessment of the clinical data and clinicomorphological correlations produced the following results: 1. By light-microscopy the renal lesions in PE imitate a picture of glomerulonephritis of mesangial type with different degrees of severity. 2. Morphometric investigations confirmed the impression gained by light-microscopy of swelling of endothelial cells and podocytes as well as endocapillary cell proliferation and enlargement of the glomeruli...
1994: Zentralblatt Für Gynäkologie
J N Martin, C M Stedman
The key to the differential diagnosis of these related conditions is knowledge of the natural history of each disease process; an awareness of how this usually translates in each instance into clinical and laboratory parameters; an appreciation for the wide spectrum of findings for each of these conditions, which are more aptly considered disease syndromes rather than single diseases; and the good fortune to encounter the patient early enough or midway in the course of her disease, prior to terminal stages when all subtle differences among disease syndromes almost disappear in a blur of grossly abnormal physiology and multiple organ failures...
June 1991: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
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