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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148546/-chronic-kidney-disease-the-relevant-information-for-an-occupational-physician
#1
REVIEW
Marcin Renke, Jacek Parszuto, Marcin Rybacki, Wojciech Wołyniec, Przemysław Rutkowski, Bolesław Rutkowski, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Alicja Dębska-Ślizień
For a number of years chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been listed in the group of lifestyle diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension. It is estimated that in Poland more than 4 million people may suffer from various stages of CKD. Chronic kidney disease may also be a consequence of all the other civilization diseases. At the same time it is worth noting that nephrological problems are increasingly being taken into account in modern medical certification. The aim of this work is, among other things, to improve safe access to the labor for patients with kidney diseases...
November 8, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148182/reliability-validity-and-minimal-detectable-change-of-computerised-respiratory-sounds-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Ana Oliveira, Susan Lage, João Rodrigues, Alda Marques
INTRODUCTION: Computerised respiratory Sounds (CRS) are closely related to the movement of air within the tracheobronchial tree, and are promising outcome measures in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, CRS measurement properties have been poorly tested. OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability, validity, and the minimal detectable changes (MDC) of CRS in patients with stable COPD. METHODS: Fifty patients (36♂, 67...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142570/assessment-of-work-related-asthma-cases-our-three-year-experience
#3
Ayse Coskun Beyan, Nur Safak Alici, Arif Cimrin
Objective: Work-related asthma (WRA) is one of the most common occupational diseases. In this study, we aimed to review diagnosing procedures and the characteristics of patients who were diagnosed with WRA. Methods: Between November 2013 and June 2016; 214 patients were referred to our clinic with WRA suspicion by an occupational health specialist, personal visit, chest disease specialists [61 (28%), 51 (23%), and 102 (47%) respectively]. Occupational history, functional and radiological assessment, skin prick test, PEF monitoring were done...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142039/risk-factors-associated-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-exposure-to-cigarette-smoke-and-air-pollution-from-pregnancy-to-disease-diagnosis
#4
Camila Maria Paiva França, Adriana Maluf Elias Sallum, Alfésio Luis Ferreira Braga, Fernando Louzada Strufaldi, Clovis Artur Almeida Silva, Sylvia Costa Lima Farhat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate exposure to environmental factors inhaled during pregnancy and after birth until juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) diagnosis among residents of a large city. METHODS: This is an exploratory case-control study that consists of 66 patients with JIA and 124 healthy controls matched by age and sex, living in the São Paulo, Brazil, metropolitan area until JIA diagnosis, and whose mothers had resided in this region during pregnancy. A structured and reliable questionnaire (κ index for test-retest was 0...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141963/current-and-new-challenges-in-occupational-lung-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Sara De Matteis, Dick Heederik, Alex Burdorf, Claudio Colosio, Paul Cullinan, Paul K Henneberger, Ann Olsson, Anne Raynal, Jos Rooijackers, Tiina Santonen, Joaquin Sastre, Vivi Schlünssen, Martie van Tongeren, Torben Sigsgaard
Occupational lung diseases are an important public health issue and are avoidable through preventive interventions in the workplace. Up-to-date knowledge about changes in exposure to occupational hazards as a result of technological and industrial developments is essential to the design and implementation of efficient and effective workplace preventive measures. New occupational agents with unknown respiratory health effects are constantly introduced to the market and require periodic health surveillance among exposed workers to detect early signs of adverse respiratory effects...
December 31, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141399/factors-affecting-cognitive-function-according-to-gender-of-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#6
Kim Miwon, Jeongmo Park
Objectives: This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the cognitive function of elderly people in a community by gender. Methods: 4,878 of secondary data of people aged ≥65 years in 2016 at a dementia prevention center in Geyangu in Incheon. Data were obtained through MMSE-DS and a questionnaire. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and hierarchical regression. Results: There were significant differences in cognitive function according to sex, and the differences were significant even when age was controlled, but gender differences disappeared when education was controlled...
November 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141052/association-between-urinary-manganese-and-blood-pressure-results-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-2011-2014
#7
Cynthia Wu, Jessica G Woo, Nanhua Zhang
Manganese is a trace mineral required for metabolism, growth and tissue formation, and reproduction. It is mainly obtained through food and water, as well as through occupational exposure. This study used data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, combining the 2011-12 and 2013-14 cycles. We conducted linear regression analyses on urinary manganese and blood pressure. Significant negative associations (p<0.01) between urinary manganese and both systolic and diastolic blood pressure existed after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, race/ethnicity, and status of taking antihypertensive medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139387/-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-principles-of-rehabilitation-physiotherapy-and-occupational-therapy
#8
Patrick Sautreuil, Delphine Delorme, Anne Baron, Michèle Mane, Besma Missaoui, Philippe Thoumie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138669/medical-and-dental-students-attitude-and-practice-of-prevention-strategies-against-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-a-nigerian-university
#9
Oyebimpe Jumoke Adenlewo, Peter Olalekan Adeosun, Olawunmi Adedoyin Fatusi
Introduction: Medical and dental students are a high-risk group for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection which is an occupational hazard for them and a leading cause of death globally. Prevention strategies include vaccination and observance of standard precaution. However, available reports claim utilization of the prevention strategies is low. This study evaluated the attitude of the students towards HBV vaccine and cross-infection practices. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study carried out at the College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136257/risk-factors-for-pathological-fracture-and-metastatic-epidural-spinal-cord-compression-in-patients-with-spinal-metastases
#10
Catherine S Hibberd, Gerald M Y Quan
Vertebral pathological fracture and metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) due to metastatic cancer inevitably cause pain, neurological deficit, impaired function, and decreased quality of life and are indications for surgery. In such cases, earlier surgical intervention has the potential to prevent permanent neurological deficit and disability and to maintain function and quality of life. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify and evaluate risk factors for pathological fracture and MESCC in patients with spinal metastases...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135835/cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-across-occupational-groups-and-industry-in-a-state-wide-study-of-an-australian-working-population
#11
Helen Louise Kelsall, Palamandadige Harsha Suranga Fernando, Stella May Gwini, Malcolm Ross Sim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate prevalence of type 2 diabetes (diabetes) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in occupational and industry groups in a large, diverse working population. METHODS: 500,000 Victorian workers undertook health checks including lifestyle, anthropometric and biomedical cardiovascular risk factor assessment. 5-year diabetes (AUSDRISK) and absolute CVD risk were estimated. RESULTS: High diabetes and CVD risk was increased in many occupational groups and industries relative to managers and Professional/Scientific/Technical Services respectively...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135200/overview-of-silica-related-clusters-in-the-united-states-will-fracking-operations-become-the-next-cluster
#12
M Thomas Quail
Silicosis is the oldest know occupational pulmonary disease. It is a progressive disease and any level of exposure to respirable crystalline silica particles or dust has the potential to develop into silicosis. Silicosis is caused by silica particles or dust entering the lungs and damaging healthy lung tissue. The damage restricts the ability to breathe. Exposure to silica increases a worker’s risk of developing cancer or tuberculosis. This special report will provide background history of silicosis in the U...
January 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132062/risk-of-early-onset-prostate-cancer-associated-with-occupation-in-the-nordic-countries
#13
Kathryn Hughes Barry, Jan Ivar Martinsen, Michael C R Alavanja, Gabriella Andreotti, Aaron Blair, Johnni Hansen, Kristina Kjærheim, Stella Koutros, Elsebeth Lynge, Pär Sparèn, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Elisabete Weiderpass, Sonja I Berndt, Eero Pukkala
BACKGROUND: Early-onset prostate cancer is often more aggressive and may have a different aetiology than later-onset prostate cancer, but has been relatively little studied to date. We evaluated occupation in relation to early- and later-onset prostate cancer in a large pooled study. METHODS: We used occupational information from census data in five Nordic countries from 1960 to 1990. We identified prostate cancer cases diagnosed from 1961 to 2005 by linkage of census information to national cancer registries and calculated standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) separately for men aged 30-49 and those aged 50 or older...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130578/sirt3-deregulation-is-linked-to-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Junghee Lee, Yunha Kim, Tian Liu, Yu Jin Hwang, Seung Jae Hyeon, Hyeonjoo Im, Kyungeun Lee, Victor E Alvarez, Ann C McKee, Soo-Jong Um, Manwook Hur, Inhee Mook-Jung, Neil W Kowall, Hoon Ryu
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia in the elderly. Despite decades of study, effective treatments for AD are lacking. Mitochondrial dysfunction has been closely linked to the pathogenesis of AD, but the relationship between mitochondrial pathology and neuronal damage is poorly understood. Sirtuins (SIRT, silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog in yeast) are NAD-dependent histone deacetylases involved in aging and longevity. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between SIRT3 and mitochondrial function and neuronal activity in AD...
November 11, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129170/comprehensive-guide-to-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-occupational-lung-diseases
#15
Arthur Bill W Musk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129163/occupational-lung-diseases-in-australia
#16
Ryan F Hoy, Fraser Brims
Occupational exposures are an important determinant of respiratory health. International estimates note that about 15% of adult-onset asthma, 15% of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and 10-30% of lung cancer may be attributable to hazardous occupational exposures. One-quarter of working asthmatics either have had their asthma caused by work or adversely affected by workplace conditions. Recently, cases of historical occupational lung diseases have been noted to occur with new exposures, such as cases of silicosis in workers fabricating kitchen benchtops from artificial stone products...
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127458/safety-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-single-rising-doses-of-bi-655064-an-antagonistic-anti-cd40-antibody-in-healthy-subjects-a-potential-novel-treatment-for-autoimmune-diseases
#17
Fredrik N Albach, Frank Wagner, Andreas Hüser, Julia Igel, David Joseph, James Hilbert, Corinna Schoelch, Steven J Padula, Jürgen Steffgen
PURPOSE: The CD40-CD40L pathway is a promising treatment target for autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis. The safety, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of BI 655064, a novel humanised antagonistic anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody, were investigated in this first-in-human trial. METHODS: Healthy male subjects (n = 72) were randomised 3:1, within each BI 655064 dose group, to single intravenous (IV; 0...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126665/risk-factors-for-unintentional-occupational-injury-among-urban-transit-bus-drivers-a-cohort-longitudinal-study
#18
Chia Wei, Susan G Gerberich, Andrew D Ryan, Bruce H Alexander, Timothy R Church, Michael Manser
PURPOSE: Although many studies have focused on bus operators' occupational diseases, work-related injury and associated risk factor data are limited. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to investigate unintentional injury and exposures that may affect injury risk among metropolitan bus operators. METHODS: Demographic, work-related, and injury data obtained from a metropolitan transit company for a 5-year period, enabled estimates of rates per 100 full time equivalents (FTEs) and adjusted Hazard Ratios (HRs), with 95% confidence intervals (CIs), using Generalized Estimating Equations and Cox proportional hazards models, respectively...
October 28, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126176/hand-arm-vibration-in-orthopaedic-surgery-a-neglected-risk
#19
F Mahmood, K B Ferguson, J Clarke, K Hill, E B Macdonald, D J M Macdonald
Background: Hand-arm vibration syndrome is an occupational disease caused by exposure to hand-arm transmitted vibration. The Health and Safety Executive has set limits for vibration exposure, including an exposure action value (EAV), where steps should be taken to reduce exposure, and an exposure limit value (ELV), beyond which vibrating equipment must not be used for the rest of the working day. Aims: To measure hand-arm transmitted vibration among orthopaedic surgeons, who routinely use hand-operated saws...
November 6, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125649/milker-s-nodule-an-occupational-infection-and-threat-to-the-immunocompromised
#20
REVIEW
Nancy S Handler, M Z Handler, Andris Rubins, Silvestr Rubins, Marcis Septe, Camila K Janniger, Robert A Schwartz
Milker's nodule virus, also called paravaccinia virus is a DNA virus of the parapoxvirus genus transmitted from infected cows to humans. It results from contact with cattle, cattle byproducts, or fomites. Classified as an occupational disorder, those at risk of exposure include farmers, butchers, and agricultural tourists. The viral infection begins 5-15 days after inoculation as an erythematous-purple, round nodule with a clear depressed center, and a surrounding erythematous ring. While familiar to those in farming communities, the presence of the nodule may be concerning to others, particularly the immunosuppressed...
November 10, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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