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Dynasore

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919959/dynamin-2-inhibitors-as-novel-therapeutic-agents-against-cervical-cancer-cells
#1
Yoo-Young Lee, Hye-Kyung Jeon, Jungeun Lee, Ji Eun Hong, In-Gu DO, Chel Hun Choi, Tae-Joong Kim, Byoung-Gie Kim, Duk-Soo Bae, Yong-Chul Kim, Jeong-Won Lee
AIM: We investigated the feasibility of dynamin 2 as a potential treatment target in cervical cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed tissue microarray for dynamin 2 expression in 208 patients with early cervical cancer and in vitro in HeLa cells with dynamin 2 inhibitors MiTMAB, OcTMAB, Dynasore, and DD-6. RESULTS: Tumor size greater than 2 cm or tumor invasion of more than half of the entire cervix was associated with expression of dynamin 2 compared to no expression (p=0...
December 2016: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847966/therapeutic-potential-of-pro-angiogenic-bpc157-is-associated-with-vegfr2-activation-and-up-regulation
#2
Ming-Jer Hsieh, Hsien-Ta Liu, Chao-Nin Wang, Hsiu-Yun Huang, Yuling Lin, Yu-Shien Ko, Jong-Shyan Wang, Vincent Hung-Shu Chang, Jong-Hwei S Pang
: BPC 157, a pentadecapeptide with extensive healing effects, has recently been suggested to contribute to angiogenesis. However, the underlying mechanism is not yet clear. The present study aimed to explore the potential therapeutic effect and pro-angiogenic mechanism of BPC 157. As demonstrated by the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay and endothelial tube formation assay, BPC 157 could increase the vessel density both in vivo and in vitro, respectively. BPC 157 could also accelerate the recovery of blood flow in the ischemic muscle of the rat hind limb as detected by laser Doppler scanning, indicating the promotion of angiogenesis...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835898/prognostic-significance-of-usp33-in-advanced-colorectal-cancer-patients-new-insights-into-%C3%AE-arrestin-dependent-erk-signaling
#3
Hongda Liu, Qun Zhang, Kangshuai Li, Zheng Gong, Zhaochen Liu, Yunfei Xu, Mary Hannah Swaney, Kunhong Xiao, Yuxin Chen
Patients with liver metastases of colorectal cancer (CRCLM) have a poorer prognosis compared to colorectal cancer (CRC) patients in local stage. Evaluating the recurrence and overall survival of advanced patients is critical in improving disease treatment and clinical outcome. Here we investigated the expression pattern of USP33, a deubiquitinating enzyme, in both primary CRC tissues and liver metastases tissues. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified that low expression of USP33 in CRCLM tissues indicated high recurrence risk and poor overall prognosis...
November 8, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822712/dynasore-improves-motor-function-recovery-via-inhibition-of-neuronal-apoptosis-and-astrocytic-proliferation-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#4
Gang Li, Feifei Shen, Zhongkai Fan, Yangsong Wang, Xiangquan Kong, Deshui Yu, Xiaodong Zhi, Gang Lv, Yang Cao
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a common and devastating central nervous system insult which lacks efficient treatment. Our previous experimental findings indicated that dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) mediates mitochondrial fission during SCI, and inhibition of Drp1 plays a significant protective effect after SCI in rats. Dynasore inhibits GTPase activity at both the plasma membrane (dynamin 1, 2) and the mitochondria membrane (Drp1). The aim of the present study was to investigate the beneficial effects of dynasore on SCI and its underlying mechanism in a rat model...
November 7, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802433/targeting-dynamin-2-as-a-novel-pathway-to-inhibit-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-following-oxidative-stress
#5
Danchen Gao, Jian Yang, Yutao Wu, Qiwen Wang, Qiaoling Wang, En Yin Lai, Jianhua Zhu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Inhibition of Drp-1-mediated mitochondrial fission limits reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and apoptosis in cardiomyocytes subjected to ischemia/reperfusion injury. It remains unknown if Dynamin 2 inhibition results in similar protective effects. Here we studied the role of Dynamin 2 in cardiomyocyte oxidative stress-induced apoptosis and ROS production. METHODS: The effect of lentiviral shRNA (lv5-shRNA) mediated Dynamin 2 knockdown on apopotosis, mitochondria, and ROS production were studied in neonatal mouse cardiomycytes, which were further treated with either selective Drp1 inhibitor mdivi-1 or the Dynamin 2/Drp1 inhibitor Dynasore...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779751/distinct-subcellular-mechanisms-for-the-enhancement-of-the-surface-membrane-expression-of-sk2-channel-by-its-interacting-proteins-%C3%AE-actinin2-and-filamin-a
#6
Zheng Zhang, Hannah A Ledford, Seojin Park, Wenying Wang, Sassan Rafizadeh, Hyo Jeong Kim, Wilson Xu, Ling Lu, Victor C Lau, Anne A Knowlton, Xiao-Dong Zhang, Ebenezer N Yamoah, Nipavan Chiamvimonvat
The normal function of ion channels depends critically on the precise subcellular localization and the number of channel proteins on the cell surface membrane. Small-conductance, Ca(2+) -activated K(+) channels (SK, KCa 2) are expressed in human atrial myocytes and responsible for shaping atrial action potentials. Understanding the mechanisms of SK channel trafficking may provide new insights into the regulation controlling the repolarization of atrial myocytes. We have previously demonstrated that the C and N termini of SK2 channels interact with actin-binding proteins, α-actinin2 and filamin A, respectively...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771248/dynamin2-gtpase-contributes-to-invadopodia-formation-in-invasive-bladder-cancer-cells
#7
Yubai Zhang, Maya Nolan, Hiroshi Yamada, Masami Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu, Kohji Takei, Tetsuya Takeda
Cancer cell invasion is mediated by actin-based membrane protrusions termed invadopodia. Invadopodia consist of "core" F-actin bundles associated with adhesive and proteolytic machineries promoting cell invasion by degrading extracellular matrix (ECM). Formation of the F-actin core in invadopodia is regulated by various actin-binding proteins including Arp2/3 complex and cortactin. Dynamin GTPase localizes to the invadopodia and is implicated in cancer cell invasion, but its precise role at the invadopodia remained elusive...
October 19, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748822/reduction-of-dynamin-1-in-the-hippocampus-of-aged-mice-is-associated-with-the-decline-in-hippocampal%C3%A2-dependent-memory
#8
Dae Young Yoo, Hyo Young Jung, Jong Whi Kim, Hee Sun Yim, Dae Won Kim, Hajin Nam, Jun Gyo Suh, Jung Hoon Choi, Moo-Ho Won, Yeo Sung Yoon, In Koo Hwang
Dynamin 1 is a known synaptic protein, which has is key in the presynaptic regulation of endocytosis. The present study investigated the association between age and the observed changes in Morris water maze performance, and immunoreactivity and protein levels of dynamin 1 in the mouse hippocampal formation. In addition, the effects of dynasore, an inhibitor of dynamin 1, on the hippocampal dependent memory were determined to elucidate the correlation between dynamin 1 and memory. In the training phase of the Morris water maze task, the mean escape latency of the aged group (24 months old) was significantly longer, compared with that of the adult group (4 months old), although the average swimming speed and the total distance traveled during the probe trial were similar in the two groups...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733684/hypotonic-stress-induced-down-regulation-of-claudin-1-and-2-mediated-by-dephosphorylation-and-clathrin-dependent-endocytosis-in-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells
#9
Naoko Fujii, Yukinobu Matsuo, Toshiyuki Matsunaga, Satoshi Endo, Hideki Sakai, Masahiko Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro Yamazaki, Junko Sugatani, Akira Ikari
Hypotonic stress decreased claudin-1 and -2 expression levels in renal tubular epithelial HK-2 and Madin-Darby canine kidney cells. Here, we examined the regulatory mechanism involved in this decrease. The hypotonicity-induced decrease in claudin expression was inhibited by the following: SB202190, a p38 MAPK inhibitor, but not by U0126, a MEK inhibitor; Go6983, a protein kinase C inhibitor; or SP600125, a Jun N-terminal protein kinase inhibitor. Hypotonic stress increased transepithelial electrical resistance, which was inhibited by SB202190...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671041/mitogen-activated-protein-kinases-are-required-for-effective-infection-of-human-choroid-plexus-epithelial-cells-by-listeria-monocytogenes
#10
Stefanie Dinner, Julian Kaltschmidt, Carolin Stump-Guthier, Svetlana Hetjens, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Tobias Tenenbaum, Horst Schroten, Christian Schwerk
Listeria monocytogenes, a Gram-positive bacterium, can cause meningitis after invading the human central nervous system. The blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB), located at the epithelium of the choroid plexus, is a possible entry site for L. monocytogenes into the brain, and in vitro L. monocytogenes invades human choroid plexus epithelial papilloma (HIBCPP) cells. Although host cell signal transduction subsequent to infection by L. monocytogenes has been investigated, the role of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) is not clarified yet...
September 23, 2016: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596061/effects-of-membrane-properties-on-the-binding-activities-of-the-hn-and-hc-heavy-chain-domains-of-botulinum-neurotoxin-a
#11
B Vijayalakshmi Ayyar, M Zouhair Atassi
Binding behaviors of the HN and the HC domains of BoNT/A were investigated individually to identify if there exist any differences in their interaction with the cell membrane. Recombinant fragments corresponding to both BoNT/A HN and HC regions were prepared (HN519-845 and HC967-1296) and their binding to synaptic proteins was verified. The binding behaviors of these heavy-chain domains were analyzed by treating the Neuro 2a, a murine neuroblastoma cell line, with compounds known to alter membrane properties...
December 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590265/dependence-receptor-involvement-in-subtilisin-induced-long-term-depression-and-in-long-term-potentiation
#12
Trevor W Stone, L Gail Darlington, Caroline M Forrest
The serine protease subtilisin induces a form of long-term depression (LTD) which is accompanied by a reduced expression of the axo-dendritic guidance molecule Unco-ordinated-5C (Unc-5C). One objective of the present work was to determine whether a loss of Unc-5C function contributed to subtilisin-induced LTD by using Unc-5C antibodies in combination with the pore-forming agents Triton X-100 (0.005%) or streptolysin O in rat hippocampal slices. In addition we have assessed the effect of subtilisin on the related dependence receptor Deleted in Colorectal Cancer (DCC) and used antibodies to this protein for functional studies...
November 12, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572148/mitochondrial-fission-of-smooth-muscle-cells-is-involved-in-artery-constriction
#13
Ming-Yu Liu, Jing Jin, Shan-Liang Li, Jie Yan, Chang-Lin Zhen, Jin-Lai Gao, Yong-Hui Zhang, Yan-Qiu Zhang, Xin Shen, Liang-Shuan Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Wei, Yu Zhao, Chen-Guang Wang, Yun-Long Bai, De-Li Dong
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles and continuously undergo fission and fusion processes. Mitochondrial fission is involved in multiple physiological or pathological processes, but the role of mitochondrial fission of smooth muscle cells in artery constriction is unknown. The role of mitochondrial fission of smooth muscle cells in arterial function was investigated by measuring the tension of rat mesenteric arteries and thoracic aorta and by evaluating mitochondrial fission, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species, and cytosolic [Ca(2+)]i in rat vascular smooth muscle cells...
November 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489278/entry-of-classical-swine-fever-virus-into-pk-15-cells-via-a-ph-dynamin-and-cholesterol-dependent-clathrin-mediated-endocytic-pathway-that-requires-rab5-and-rab7
#14
Bao-Jun Shi, Chun-Chun Liu, Jing Zhou, Shi-Qi Wang, Zhi-Can Gao, Xiao-Min Zhang, Bin Zhou, Pu-Yan Chen
UNLABELLED: Classical swine fever virus (CSFV), a member of the genus Pestivirus within the family Flaviviridae, is a small, enveloped, positive-strand RNA virus. Due to its economic importance to the pig industry, the biology and pathogenesis of CSFV have been investigated extensively. However, the mechanisms of CSFV entry into cells are not well characterized. In this study, we used systematic approaches to dissect CSFV cell entry. We first observed that CSFV infection was inhibited by chloroquine and NH4Cl, suggesting that viral entry required a low-pH environment...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406134/characterization-of-intercellular-communication-and-mitochondrial-donation-by-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-derived-from-the-human-lung
#15
Kenneth Andrew Sinclair, Stephanie Terase Yerkovich, Peter Mark-Anthony Hopkins, Daniel Charles Chambers
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) are capable of repairing wounded lung epithelial cells by donating cytoplasmic material and mitochondria. Recently, we characterized two populations of human lung-derived mesenchymal stromal cells isolated from digested parenchymal lung tissue (LT-MSCs) from healthy individuals or from lung transplant recipients' bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL-MSCs). The aim of this study was to determine whether LT-MSCs and BAL-MSCs are also capable of donating cytoplasmic content and mitochondria to lung epithelial cells...
July 12, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387989/70-kda-heat-shock-protein-downregulates-dynamin-in-experimental-stroke-a-new-therapeutic-target
#16
Jong Youl Kim, Nuri Kim, Zhen Zheng, Jong Eun Lee, Midori A Yenari
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The 70-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp70) protects brain cells in models of cerebral ischemia. Proteomic screening of mice subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion identified dynamin as a major downregulated protein in Hsp70-overexpressing mice (Hsp70 transgenic mice). Dynamin-1 is expressed in neurons and participates in neurotransmission, but also transports the death receptor Fas to the cell surface, where it can be bound by its ligand and lead to apoptosis...
August 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364613/gm-csf-and-gm-csf-receptor-have-regulatory-role-in-transforming-rat-mesenteric-mesothelial-cells-into-macrophage-like-cells
#17
Sándor Katz, Viktória Zsiros, Nikolett Dóczi, Arnold Szabó, Ádám Biczó, Anna L Kiss
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: During peritonitis, mesothelial cells assume macrophage characteristics, expressing macrophage markers, indicating that they might differentiate into macrophage-like cells. MATERIALS AND SUBJECTS: Twenty-five male rats were used for in vivo experiments. For in vitro experiments, a primary mesentery culture model was developed. The mesothelial cell to macrophage-like cell transition was followed by studying ED1 expression. TREATMENTS: In vitro primary mesenteric culture was treated with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF, 1 ng/ml)...
October 2016: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27243004/n-terminal-ile-orn-and-trp-orn-motif-repeats-enhance-membrane-interaction-and-increase-the-antimicrobial-activity-of-apidaecins-against-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#18
Martina E C Bluhm, Viktoria A F Schneider, Ingo Schäfer, Stefania Piantavigna, Tina Goldbach, Daniel Knappe, Peter Seibel, Lisandra L Martin, Edwin J A Veldhuizen, Ralf Hoffmann
The Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a life-threatening nosocomial pathogen due to its generally low susceptibility toward antibiotics. Furthermore, many strains have acquired resistance mechanisms requiring new antimicrobials with novel mechanisms to enhance treatment options. Proline-rich antimicrobial peptides, such as the apidaecin analog Api137, are highly efficient against various Enterobacteriaceae infections in mice, but less active against P. aeruginosa in vitro. Here, we extended our recent work by optimizing lead peptides Api755 (gu-OIORPVYOPRPRPPHPRL-OH; gu = N,N,N',N'-tetramethylguanidino, O = L-ornithine) and Api760 (gu-OWORPVYOPRPRPPHPRL-OH) by incorporation of Ile-Orn- and Trp-Orn-motifs, respectively...
2016: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27211243/tethered-bilayer-membranes-as-a-complementary-tool-for-functional-and-structural-studies-the-pyolysin-case
#19
Giulio Preta, Marija Jankunec, Frank Heinrich, Sholeem Griffin, Iain Martin Sheldon, Gintaras Valincius
We demonstrate the use of tethered bilayer lipid membranes (tBLMs) as an experimental platform for functional and structural studies of membrane associated proteins by electrochemical techniques. The reconstitution of the cholesterol-dependent cytolysin (CDC) pyolysin (PLO) from Trueperella pyogenes into tBLMs was followed in real-time by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Changes of the EIS parameters of the tBLMs upon exposure to PLO solutions were consistent with the dielectric barrier damage occurring through the formation of water-filled pores in membranes...
September 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122634/growing-mouse-oocytes-transiently-activate-folate-transport-via-folate-receptors-as-they-approach-full-size
#20
Megan Meredith, Allison H MacNeil, Jacquetta M Trasler, Jay M Baltz
The folate cycle is central to cellular one-carbon metabolism, where folates are carriers of one-carbon units that are critical for synthesis of purines, thymidylate, and S-adenosylmethionine, the universal methyl donor that forms the cellular methyl pool. Although folates are well-known to be important for early embryo and fetal development, their role in oogenesis has not been clearly established. Here, folate transport proteins were detected in developing neonatal ovaries and growing oocytes by immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and immunofluorescence...
June 2016: Biology of Reproduction
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