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pediatric allergy and immunology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895813/cow-s-milk-allergy-towards-an-update-of-dracma-guidelines
#1
REVIEW
Alessandro Fiocchi, Lamia Dahda, Christophe Dupont, Cristina Campoy, Vincenzo Fierro, Antonio Nieto
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the diagnosis and treatment of IgE-mediated CMA were systematized in a GRADE guideline. OBJECTIVES & METHODS: After 6 years, the state of the knowledge in diagnosis and treatment of CMA has largely evolved. We summarize here the main advances, and exemplify indicating some specific points: studies aimed at better knowledge of the effects of breastfeeding and the production of new special formulae intended for the treatment of CMA. The literature (PubMed/MEDLINE) was searched using the following algorithms: (1) [milk allergy] AND diagnosis; (2) [milk allergy] AND [formul*] OR [breast*], setting the search engine [6-years] time and [human] limits...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826960/oral-food-desensitization-in-children-with-ige-mediated-cow-s-milk-allergy-immunological-changes-underlying-desensitization
#2
Laura Perezábad, Marta Reche, Teresa Valbuena, Rosina López-Fandiño, Elena Molina, Iván López-Expósito
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy to induce clinical desensitization to cow's milk (CM) of an oral immunotherapy (OIT) protocol in a pediatric population with cow's milk allergy (CMA). In addition, the immune responses against β-casein, of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from CMA patients, before and after the protocol were evaluated and compared to a nonallergic population. METHODS: A group of 20 children with IgE-mediated CMA and 15 nonallergic children were recruited...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794078/clemens-von-pirquet-a-remarkable-life-and-career
#3
REVIEW
Stanford T Shulman
From 1908 to 1929, Clemens von Pirquet was one of the world's most acclaimed pediatricians. Von Pirquet (1874-1929) trained at Vienna's Universitäts Kinderklinic under Theodor Escherich, the first Pediatric Infectious Diseases physician [ 1], and became the first Professor and Chair of Pediatrics at Johns Hopkins in 1909. He then succeeded his mentor Escherich as Professor and Chair of Pediatrics in Vienna, the most prestigious European pediatric position, when Escherich died unexpectedly in 1911. He held that position in Vienna until his shocking double suicide at age 54 with his wife in 1929...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786545/vitamin-d-levels-in-children-affected-by-vernal-keratoconjuctivitis
#4
Anna Maria Zicari, Arianna Cafarotti, Francesca Occasi, Valeria Lollobrigida, Marcella Nebbioso, Irene Pecorella, Giovanna De Castro, Alberto Spalice, Lorenzo Loffredo, Maria Pia Villa, Marzia Duse
BACKGROUND: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a chronic and often severe bilateral conjunctivitis. VKC etiology remains still unclear although endocrine, genetic, neurogenic and environmental factors have been implied. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble prohormone whose main function is the regulation of calcium and phosphate metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum vitamin D in children affected by VKC compared to the healthy children and investigate the relationship between its levels and disease severity...
October 27, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776895/evidence-in-immunotherapy-for-paediatric-respiratory-allergy-advances-and-recommendations
#5
M Tortajada-Girbés, M Mesa Del Castillo, H Larramona, J M Lucas, M Álvaro, A I Tabar, M J Jerez, A Martínez-Cañavate
Allergic respiratory diseases are major health problems in paediatric population due their high level of prevalence and chronicity, and to their relevance in the costs and quality of life. One of the most important risk factors for the development of airway diseases in children and adolescents is atopy. The mainstays for the treatment of these diseases are avoiding allergens, controlling symptoms, and preventing them through sustained desensitization by allergen immunotherapy (AIT). AIT is a treatment option that consists in the administration of increasing amounts of allergens to modify the biological response to them, inducing long-term tolerance even after treatment has ended...
October 21, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690471/clinical-practice-guideline-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-urticaria
#6
Kanokvalai Kulthanan, Papapit Tuchinda, Leena Chularojanamontri, Pattriya Chanyachailert, Wiwat Korkij, Amornsri Chunharas, Siriwan Wananukul, Wanida Limpongsanurak, Suwat Benjaponpitak, Wanee Wisuthsarewong, Kobkul Aunhachoke, Vesarat Wessagowit, Pantipa Chatchatee, Penpun Wattanakrai, Orathai Jirapongsananuruk, Jettanong Klaewsongkram, Nopadon Noppakun, Pakit Vichyanond, Puan Suthipinittharm, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Srisupalak Singalavanija, Jarungchit Ngamphaiboon
Urticaria is a common skin condition that can compromise quality of life and may affect individual performance at work or school. Remission is common in majority of patients with acute spontaneous urticaria (ASU); however, in chronic cases, less than 50% had remission. Angioedema either alone or with urticaria is associated with a much lower remission rate. Proper investigation and treatment is thus required. This guideline, a joint development of the Dermatological Society of Thailand, the Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Association of Thailand and the Pediatric Dermatological Society of Thailand, is graded and recommended based on published evidence and expert opinion...
September 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583103/prevention-of-food-and-airway-allergy-consensus-of-the-italian-society-of-preventive-and-social-paediatrics-the-italian-society-of-paediatric-allergy-and-immunology-and-italian-society-of-pediatrics
#7
REVIEW
Giuseppe di Mauro, Roberto Bernardini, Salvatore Barberi, Annalisa Capuano, Antonio Correra, Gian Luigi De' Angelis, Iride Dello Iacono, Maurizio de Martino, Daniele Ghiglioni, Dora Di Mauro, Marcello Giovannini, Massimo Landi, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Alberto Martelli, Vito Leonardo Miniello, Diego Peroni, Lucilla Ricottini Maria Giuseppa Sullo, Luigi Terracciano, Cristina Vascone, Elvira Verduci, Maria Carmen Verga, Elena Chiappini
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization in children and allergic diseases arising therefrom are increasing for decades. Several interventions, functional foods, pro- and prebiotics, vitamins are proposed for the prevention of allergies and they can't be uncritically adopted. OBJECTIVE: This Consensus document was developed by the Italian Society of Preventive and Social Paediatrics and the Italian Society of Paediatric Allergy and Immunology. The aim is to provide updated recommendations regarding allergy prevention in children...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489785/allergen-specific-immunotherapy-in-pediatric-allergic-asthma
#8
REVIEW
Ayfer Yukselen
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only curative way that can change the immunologic response to allergens and thus can modify the natural progression of allergic diseases. There are some important criteria which contributes significantly on efficacy of AIT, such as the allergen extract used for treatment, the dose and protocol, patient selection in addition to the severity and control of asthma. The initiation of AIT in allergic asthma should be considered in intermittent, mild and moderate cases which coexisting with other allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, and in case of unacceptable adverse effects of medications...
July 2016: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470901/transient-hypogammaglobulinemia-and-severe-atopic-dermatitis-open-label-treatment-with-immunoglobulin-in-a-case-series
#9
Moira E Breslin, Joanna H Lin, Robert Roberts, Kellie J Lim, E Richard Stiehm
BACKGROUND: We reported on six infants between 5 and 11 months old, with transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy and severe refractory atopic dermatitis, who were treated with open-label immunoglobulin (Ig) after conventional therapy failed. All six infants had an IgG level of <225 mg/dL, elevated eosinophil and IgE levels, and no urine or stool protein losses, but they did exhibit hypoalbuminemia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of open-label immunoglobulin in infants with severe atopic dermatitis for whom conventional therapy failed...
January 2016: Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427544/-spanish-society-of-pediatric-infectious-diseases-spanish-society-of-paediatric-clinical-immunology-and-allergy-spanish-association-of-paediatric-primary-care-and-the-spanish-society-of-extra-hospital-paediatrics-and-primary-health-care-consensus-document-on
#10
Fernando Baquero-Artigao, Antonio Michavila, Ángeles Suárez-Rodriguez, Anselmo Hernandez, Leticia Martínez-Campos, Cristina Calvo
The suspected allergy to beta-lactam antibiotics, especially penicillin and amoxicillin, is the most frequent reason for consultation in Child Allergy Units. In this consensus document, the clinical and diagnostic criteria of allergic reactions are described, as well as alternative antibiotic treatment for the most common infections diagnosed in paediatrics for patients with known or suspected allergy.
July 15, 2016: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236414/beyond-the-choosing-wisely-a-possible-attempt
#11
EDITORIAL
Roberto Bernardini, Giampaolo Ricci, Francesca Cipriani, Flavio Civitelli, Luciana Indinnimeo, Domenico Minasi, Luigi Terracciano, Marzia Duse
Since the fundamental principles of the medical profession were clearly defined in a physician charter in 2002, special considerations have been expressed about the adequate distribution of health care resources taking in account the individual patient needs to optimize the health care service. The correct application of procedures represents a key point in order to reach the appropriateness of care, that means to avoid unnecessary or inappropriate procedures as well as the underutilization of the necessary procedures...
2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216348/investigation-of-asthma-comorbidity-in-children-with-different-severities-of-allergic-rhinitis
#12
Mahmut Dogru
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) and asthma comorbidity is widely seen. However, the effects of AR on asthma are more likely to be studied in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of asthma in children with AR who are followed-up and to evaluate the effect of asthma on the severity of AR. METHODS: A total of 509 children with AR who were followed-up in the pediatric allergy-immunology department between January 2012 and December 2013 were enrolled in the study...
May 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164634/measurement-of-lung-function-and-bronchial-inflammation-in-children-is-underused-by-spanish-allergists
#13
S Sánchez-García, J M Olaguibel, S Quirce, M D Ibáñez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27141486/a-review-on-the-role-of-moisturizers-for-atopic-dermatitis
#14
REVIEW
Yoke Chin Giam, Adelaide Ann Hebert, Maria Victoria Dizon, Hugo Van Bever, Marysia Tiongco-Recto, Kyu-Han Kim, Hardyanto Soebono, Zakiudin Munasir, Inne Arline Diana, David Chi Kang Luk
Effective management of atopic dermatitis (AD) involves the treatment of a defective skin barrier. Patients with AD are therefore advised to use moisturizers regularly. To date, there are few comparative studies involving moisturizers in patients with AD, and no classification system exists to objectively determine which types of moisturizers are best suited to specific AD phenotypes. With this in mind, a group of experts from allergy and immunology, adult and pediatric dermatology, and pediatrics centers within Southeast Asia met to review current data and practice, and to develop recommendations regarding the use of moisturizers in patients with AD within the Asia-Pacific region...
April 2016: Asia Pacific Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068720/2015-david-y-graham-lecture-the-first-two-decades-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-from-acid-reflux-to-food-allergy
#15
REVIEW
Ikuo Hirano
Collaborative efforts by pediatric and adult gastroenterologists, allergists, dieticians, and pathologists have brought about marked progress in the recognition, understanding, and management of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) over the past two decades. Once an esoteric diagnosis, EoE is now increasingly identified as a major cause of morbidity, afflicting both children and adults. The detection of mucosal eosinophils has evolved from a diagnostic feature of acid reflux to a biomarker of food sensitization of the esophagus...
June 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997933/hypersensitivity-reaction-to-insulin-glargine-and-insulin-detemir-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#16
Jennifer Badik, Jimmy Chen, Kira Letvak, Tsz-Yin So
Allergy to human insulin or its analogs is rare, but it is still a significant issue in current diabetes care. Allergic reactions can range from localized injection site reactions to generalized anaphylaxis, and they can be caused by excipients or the insulin molecules themselves. We presented a case of a 14-year-old male patient with generalized allergic reactions to insulin glargine and insulin detemir. The patient was successfully managed by being switched to a continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion with insulin aspart...
January 2016: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923653/-assessment-of-qol-by-urticaria-activity-score-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-urticaria
#17
Tomoyuki Asaumi, Katsuhito Iikura, Noriyuki Yanagida, Sakura Sato, Motohiro Ebisawa
BACKGROUND: There is no standard for assessing pediatric chronic urticaria in Japan. UAS7, weekly total values of the Urticaria Activity Score (UAS), has correlation with Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) which assesses Quality of Life (QOL). The current European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) guidelines recommend assessing disease activity in chronic urticaria by using UAS. We translated UAS into Japanese version, and evaluated usefulness of UAS by comparing with QOL score...
February 2016: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26897152/airway-diseases-education-and-expertise-adex-in-pediatrics-adaptation-for-clinical-practice-in-india
#18
H Paramesh, K Nagaraju, T U Sukumaran, Sharad Agarkhedkar, Santanu Bhakta, Raj Tilak, D Vijayasekaran, Varsha Narayanan, Amey Mane, Abhay Phansalkar, Ganesh Kadhe
JUSTIFICATION: Asthma and allergic rhinitis together are part of the concept of one airway, one disease or united airway disease. The management of allergic airway diseases should address this united concept and manage the issue by educating the patients and their parents and health care providers, along with environmental control measures, pharmacotherapy and immunotherapy. Here, we present recommendations from the module of Airway Diseases Education and Expertise (ADEX) that focused on allergic rhinitis, asthma and sleep disorder breathing as a single entity or Allergic Airway Disease...
February 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26896880/allergy-and-immunology-inpatient-and-emergency-department-consultations-at-a-pediatric-academic-medical-center
#19
LETTER
Erin Kempe, David R Stukus, Kasey Strothman, Rebecca Scherzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791562/reviewers-for-pediatric-allergy-and-immunology-in-2015
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
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