keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral diagnosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324950/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-myoelectrical-energy-distribution-of-the-front-neck-muscles-in-pharyngeal-phase-during-normal-swallowing
#1
Mingxing Zhu, Wanzhang Yang, Oluwarotimi Williams Samuel, Yun Xiang, Jianping Huang, Haiqing Zou, Guanglin Li
Pharyngeal phase is a central hub of swallowing in which food bolus pass through from the oral cavity to the esophageal. Proper understanding of the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase is useful for assessing swallowing function and the occurrence of dysphagia in humans. In this study, high-density (HD) surface electromyography (sEMG) was used to study the muscular activities in the pharyngeal phase during swallowing tasks involving three healthy male subjects. The root mean square (RMS) of the HD sEMG data was computed by using a series of segmented windows as myoelectrical energy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324453/analysis-of-the-main-risk-factors-for-gestational-diabetes-diagnosed-with-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-groups-iadpsg-criteria-in-multiple-pregnancies
#2
M Cozzolino, C Serena, L Maggio, M P Rambaldi, S Simeone, G Mello, L Pasquini, M Di Tommaso, F Mecacci
INTRODUCTION: The aim is to investigate the proportion of multiple pregnancies with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) diagnosed using the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) criteria and to identify the impact of age, body mass index (BMI), and mode of conception on incidence of GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a single center, retrospective cohort study on 656 multiple pregnancies screened for GDM with 75-g, 2-h oral glucose tolerance test at 24-28 weeks of gestation, between January 2010 and January 2016...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323962/men1-dependent-breast-cancer-indication-for-early-screening-results-from-the-dutch-men1-study-group
#3
Rachel S van Leeuwaarde, Koen Dreijerink, Margreet G Ausems, Hanneke J Beijers, Olaf M Dekkers, Wouter W de Herder, Anouk N van der Horst-Schrivers, Madeleine L Drent, Peter H Bisschop, Bas Havekes, Petra H M Peeters, Ruud M Pijnappel, Menno R Vriens, Gerlof D Valk
Objective: Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is associated with an early onset elevated breast cancer risk. This finding potentially has implications for breast cancer screening for females with MEN1. Considering the impact for females with MEN1, regarding distress and anxiety, it is necessary to assess if other risk factors are involved to identify those at greatest risk. Design: A cross-sectional case control study was performed using the Dutch MEN1 cohort, including >90% of the Dutch MEN1 population of 18 years and older...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323868/-waiting-for-daas-a-retrospective-chart-review-of-patients-with-untreated-hepatitis-c-in-rwanda
#4
Neil Gupta, Jules Kabahizi, Constance Mukabatsinda, Timothy David Walker, Emmanuel Musabeyezu, Athanase Kiromera, Jennifer Ilo Van Nuil, Kevin Steiner, Joia Mukherjee, Sabin Nsanzimana, Aimable Mbituyumuremyi
BACKGROUND: Access to treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in sub-Saharan Africa is extremely limited. With the advent of direct acting antivirals (DAAs), highly effective and easy-to-deliver oral regimens are now available on the global market. This study was conducted to understand the background and characteristics of a national cohort of patients with HCV infection enrolled in care and awaiting therapy with DAAs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all adult patients with confirmed HCV infection who were currently enrolled in care and treatment at the four existing hepatitis referral centers in Rwanda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323725/bronchoscopy-oral-or-nasal-insertion
#5
Geertje M de Boer, Yasemin Türk, Virginie H Meuleman-van Waning, Gert-Jan Braunstahl
BACKGROUND: Flexible bronchoscopy is a frequently used procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of various lung disorders. As there is no standardized guideline on the insertion of the bronchoscope, and few studies are available on the subject, we conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial to compare nasal and oral insertion. METHODS: In total, 66 patients who underwent bronchoscopy without sedation were randomly assigned to either oral or nasal insertion...
April 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319848/treatment-of-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-with-the-gabaa-receptor-modulating-steroid-antagonist-sepranolone-uc1010-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Marie Bixo, Karin Ekberg, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Aino Fianu Jonasson, Lotta Andréen, Erika Timby, Marianne Wulff, Agneta Ehrenborg, Torbjörn Bäckström
CONTEXT: Allopregnanolone is a metabolite from progesterone and a positive modulator of the GABAA receptor. This endogenous steroid may induce negative mood in sensitive women when present in serum levels comparable to the premenstrual phase. Its endogenous isomer, isoallopregnanolone, has been shown to antagonize allopregnanolone effects in experimental animal and human models. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test whether inhibition of allopregnanolone by treatment with the GABAA modulating steroid antagonist (GAMSA) Sepranolone (UC1010) during the premenstrual phase could reduce symptoms of the premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)...
March 1, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319002/hba1c-in-relation-to-incident-diabetes-and-diabetes-related-complications-in-non-diabetic-adults-at-baseline
#7
Patricia Anne Metcalf, Cam Kyle, Tim Kenealy, Rod T Jackson
AIMS: We compared the utility of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and oral glucose tolerance (oGTT) in non-diabetic patients for identifying incident diabetes; all-cause mortality; cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality; CVD, coronary heart disease (CHD), and ischemic stroke events; and diabetes microvascular complications. METHODS: Data from a New Zealand community setting were prospectively linked to hospitalization, mortality, pharmaceutical and laboratory test results data...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318929/biomarkers-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Sebastian Blatt, Maximilian Krüger, Thomas Ziebart, Keyvan Sagheb, Eik Schiegnitz, Elisabeth Goetze, Bilal Al-Nawas, Andreas Max Pabst
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) represents the sixth most common cancer, accounting for 2-4% of all malignancies worldwide. The overall survival rate of less than 60% remains generally poor, with prognosis heavily relying on the TNM staging system. Tumor size as well as the presence and extent of lymph node metastases are widely recognized as the most important predictors. However, the underlying mechanisms that lead to an aggressive phenotype are not yet fully understood. Therefore, possible biomarkers are much in need to predict prognosis, to help individualize therapy approaches, and to overcome possible resistance mechanisms...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318585/lactoferrin-reduces-mortality-in-preweaned-calves-with-diarrhea
#9
G Habing, K Harris, G M Schuenemann, J M Piñeiro, J Lakritz, X Alcaraz Clavijo
Calf diarrhea is the most common reason for mortality and antimicrobial therapy in preweaned calves on dairy farms in the United States. Conventional and organic livestock producers require alternative therapies for calf diarrhea to reduce the necessity of conventional antimicrobials. Alternatives administered for mild cases or early in the disease course may be useful to mitigate disease progression and reduce the likelihood of septicemia and negative sequelae. Lactoferrin is a bioactive protein naturally found in colostrum that has been shown to prevent septicemia in high-risk infants...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318170/-application-of-saliva-in-disease-diagnosis
#10
Cheng Xingqun, Zhou Xuedong, Xu Xin
Saliva is secreted by salivary glands and performs a variety of functions, including mouth cleaning and protection, antibacterial activity, and digestion. With the rapid progress in salivaomics, saliva became recognized as a potential pool of biological markers. Being a non-invasive and safe source, saliva is a potential substitute for blood in diagnosis and prognosis of diseases. This review summarizes the latest advancement in saliva-related studies and presents the potential value of saliva in early diagnosis of oral diseases, such as dental caries, periodontal disease, cancer, diabetes, and other systemic disorders...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318153/-dental-alveolar-bone-and-dental-arch-remodeling-in-children-orthodontic-diagnosis-and-treatments-based-on-individual-child-arch-development
#11
Li Xiaobing
The etiology of malocclusions basically involves both congenital and environmental factors. Malocclusion is the result of the abnormal development of the orofacial complex (including tooth, dental alveolar bone, upper and lower jaws). Early orthodontic interceptive treatments involve the elimination of all congenital and environmental factors that contribute to the malformation of the orofacial complex, as well as interrupt the deviated development of the orofacial complex and the occlusion. Early orthodontic interceptive treatments mainly aim to use children's growth potential to correct abnormal developments of occlusions and orthodontically treat malocclusions more efficiently...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317607/nutritional-aspects-of-dysphagia-management
#12
C Gallegos, E Brito-de la Fuente, P Clavé, A Costa, G Assegehegn
This chapter describes the nutritional aspects of dysphagia management by starting with the definition of these two conditions (dysphagia and malnutrition) that share three main clinical characteristics: (a) their prevalence is very high, (b) they can lead to severe complications, and (c) they are frequently underrecognized and neglected conditions. From an anatomical standpoint, dysphagia can result from oropharyngeal and/or esophageal causes; from a pathophysiological perspective, dysphagia can be caused by organic or structural diseases (either benign or malignant) or diseases causing impaired physiology (mainly motility and/or perception disorders)...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317572/opportunistic-oral-infections
#13
REVIEW
Parish P Sedghizadeh, Susan Mahabady, Carl M Allen
An opportunistic infection (OI) is a disease of microbial cause or pathogenesis generally thought to occur in hosts with weakened immunity. Oral OIs are associated with many risk factors and pathogens. Causative organisms for oral OIs have unique modes of transmission. The clinical presentation of oral OIs is heterogeneous and diagnosis can be challenging. Therefore, laboratory identification of causative pathogens is useful for definitive diagnosis and targeted therapeutics, and can be achieved by biological, serologic, histologic, and/or molecular methods...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317570/oral-viral-infections-diagnosis-and-management
#14
REVIEW
Earl Clarkson, Fatima Mashkoor, Saif Abdulateef
This article focuses on common viral infections in the oral cavity with associated systemic manifestations. Discussed are the clinical features, histopathology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of viral infections in oral cavity. This will be a useful aid for general practitioners and other dental personnel wanting to expand their pathologic knowledge. This article discusses herpes simplex, varicella zoster, mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, enteroviruses, rubeola, rubella, mumps, and human papillomavirus...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317569/oral-fungal-infections-diagnosis-and-management
#15
REVIEW
David R Telles, Niraj Karki, Michael W Marshall
Oral and maxillofacial fungal infections can appear in high-risk patients, including those immunocompromised. This article explores common oral manifestations of fungal infections in the oral cavity as primary lesions or as a result of disseminated disease. By far the most common oral fungal infection experienced in dentistry is oral candidiasis, which is reviewed in depth from simple oral infections to invasive candidiasis. The review aids the dental practitioner in understanding the full scope of Candida infections and other fungal infections...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317568/oral-bacterial-infections-diagnosis-and-management
#16
REVIEW
Glendee Reynolds-Campbell, Alison Nicholson, Camille-Ann Thoms-Rodriguez
The human oral cavity contains more than 500 different bacterial species. These organisms belong to several phyla including Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes, Tenericutes, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Euryarchaeota, Chlamydiae, and Spirochaetes. Many of these have the ability to colonize the gingival crevices and the outer surface of the tooth forming biofilms often leading to dental plaque formation. These bacteria produce acid that erode teeth causing cavities or infections. The diagnosis of these infections is often clinical and antibiotics are used empirically to treat some infections or as prophylaxis...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317567/oral-mucosal-infections-insights-into-specimen-collection-and-medication-management
#17
REVIEW
Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Baddam Venkat Ramana Reddy
Oral mucosal infections appear as localized or generalized lesions. Symptoms range from almost unnoticeable lesions to severe pain. Systemic disease, age, immunocompromised condition, and medication use are common causes. Local causes include dentures, poor oral hygiene, traumatized epithelium, ulcerations, dentures, implants, oral piercing, and reduced salivary secretion. Oral mucosal infections are underdiagnosed and microbiological diagnosis should be more frequently used. Candidiasis is most frequently diagnosed...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316284/facial-cutaneo-mucosal-venous-malformations-can-develop-independently-of-mutation-of-tek-gene-%C3%AF-but-may-be-associated-with-excessive-expression-of-src-and-p-src
#18
Nabila Brahami, Selvakumar Subramaniam, Moudjahed Saleh Al-Ddafari, Cecile Elkaim, Pierre-Olivier Harmand, Badr-Eddine Sari, Gérard Lefranc, Mourad Aribi
We aimed to search for mutations in the germline and somatic DNA of the TEK gene and to analyze the expression level of Src and phospho-Src (p-Src) in tumor and healthy tissues from patients with facial cutaneo-mucosal venous malformations (VMCM). Eligible patients from twelve families and thirty healthy controls were recruited respectively at the Departments of Stomatology and Oral Surgery, and Transfusion Medicine of Tlemcen University Medical Centre. Immunoblot analyses of Src and p-Src were performed after direct DNA sequencing...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314139/patients-experiences-of-atrial-fibrillation-and-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-noacs-and-their-educational-needs-a-qualitative-study
#19
Danielle E Clarkesmith, Gregory Y H Lip, Deirdre A Lane
PURPOSE: Qualitative research on atrial fibrillation (AF) patient's experiences and perceptions of taking the non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention is limited. This study explores patients' experiences of dabigatran and their recommendations for development of educational materials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews with 8 warfarin-naive and 8 warfarin-experienced AF patients, using qualitative deductive thematic analysis...
March 7, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304249/diagnosis-and-management-of-polycythemia-vera-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#20
Kim Le, Hugues Beaufrère, Laura L Bassel, Sarah Wills, Delphine Laniesse, Shauna L Blois, Dale A Smith
A 5-y-old female ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was evaluated for diarrhea, anorexia, and lethargy for 1 wk. Only mild dehydration was detected on physical examination. CBC analysis revealed marked erythrocytosis with an unremarkable plasma biochemistry panel; follow-up CBC analyses revealed a consistent primary erythrocytosis. Whole-body radiographs and abdominal ultrasonography were unremarkable except for a small nephrolith in the right kidney and a small cyst in the left kidney. The plasma erythropoietin level was 17...
December 1, 2016: Comparative Medicine
keyword
keyword
60621
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"