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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926837/vascular-proliferation-associated-with-florid-granulomatous-reaction-after-fna-in-a-benign-thyroid-nodule
#1
José Cândido Caldeira Xavier-Júnior, Deolino João Camilo-Júnior, Solange Correa Garcia Pires D'ávilla, Neivio José Mattar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876652/unusual-histopathologies-of-the-appendix
#2
L Jonas, I Bombil, A Mannell
BACKGROUND: Acute appendicitis is a very common surgical emergency. Most commonly, the histopathological findings of the appendix reflect the normal pathophysiology of appendicitis that starts with the luminal obstruction and culminates in florid suppurative, gangrenous or perforated appendix. The treatment is usually straightforward and consists of surgery and antibiotics. Uncommonly, unusual pathologies are identified and require specific management. The literature is scanty about the unusual findings...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876176/gynecomastia-histological-appearance-in-different-age-groups
#3
Alba Fricke, Gabriele M Lehner, G Björn Stark, Vincenzo Penna
OBJECTIVE: Gynecomastia is a common finding in the male population which is mostly idiopathic. The aim of our study was to analyze the histological differences in young and old patient groups and its association with recurrence rates. METHODS: Three hundred and five gynecomastia patients (555 breasts) undergoing surgical treatment from 1997 to 2015 were divided into four groups: Group 1: 13-17 years, Group 2: 18-30 years, Group 3: 31-49 years and Group 4: 50-83 years...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843713/postablation-neuroma-of-the-myometrium-a-report-of-5-cases
#4
Stewart F Cramer, Debra S Heller
When hysterectomy is performed for chronic pelvic pain, routine pathology examination often provides no explanation. However, analysis of small uterine nerves using immunostains may help to address this deficiency. Small uterine nerves tend to be sparse or absent in wide areas of normal myometrium. Some studies of uterine nerves have suggested that endometriosis, adenomyosis, and fibroids are not inherently painful, with increased small nerves in the inner uterine wall associated with the history of pelvic pain...
August 23, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838463/beware-cold-agglutinins-in-organ-donors-ex%C3%A2-vivo-lung-perfusion-from-an-uncontrolled-donation-after-circulatory-determination-of-death-donor-with-a-cold-agglutinin-a-case-report
#5
A Venkataraman, J W Blackwell, W K Funkhouser, K R Birchard, S E Beamer, W T Simmons, S H Randell, T M Egan
BACKGROUND: We began to recover lungs from uncontrolled donation after circulatory determination of death to assess for transplant suitability by means of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) and computerized tomographic (CT) scan. Our first case had a cold agglutinin with an interesting outcome. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old man collapsed at home and was pronounced dead by Emergency Medical Services personnel. Next-of-kin consented to lung retrieval, and the decedent was ventilated and transported...
September 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812466/florid-intussusceptive-like-microvascular-dysangiogenesis-in-a-preterm-lung
#6
Monique E De Paepe, Merline Kocheekkaran V Benny, Lauren Priolo, Francois I Luks, Svetlana Shapiro
The cellular mechanisms underlying the microvascular dysangiogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (chronic lung disease of the newborn) remain largely undetermined. We report unusual pulmonary vascular findings in a 27-week-gestation male newborn who died on the second day of life from intractable respiratory failure, following a pregnancy complicated by prolonged membrane rupture and persistent severe oligohydramnios. As expected, postmortem examination revealed pulmonary hypoplasia (lung/body weight ratio: 2...
September 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811951/granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-presenting-as-pyrexia-of-unknown-origin-leukocytosis-and-microangiopathic-haemolytic-anemia
#7
Sima Terebelo, Iona Chen
A 66-year-old woman presented to the Emergency Department with a florid sepsis-like picture, a two-week history of fever, relative hypotension with end organ ischemia (unexplained liver enzyme and troponin elevations), and nonspecific constitutional symptoms. She was initially found to have a urinary tract infection but, despite appropriate treatment, her fever persisted and her white blood cell count continued to rise. During her hospitalization the patient manifested leukocytosis to 47,000 WBC/μL, ESR 67 mm/hr (normal range 0-42 mm/hr), CRP 17...
2017: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799319/ataxia-in-a-young-female
#8
R Jayanthi, K Monica, K Raja, C S Gauthaman, P P Arunkumar
Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is a genetically inherited disorder characterized by the presence of multiple central nervous system tumours, most pathognomonic being bilateral vestibular schwannomas with or without peripheral manifestations in the form of cataract or cutaneous neurofibromas. NF2 is an uncommon disorder compared to NF1. We describe a classical case of neurofibromatosis type 2 with florid clinical manifestations and characteristic neuroimaging features. We also briefly describe the literature pertaining to this rare disorder...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798941/lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-secondary-to-intestinal-histoplasmosis-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#9
Taseen A Syed, George Salem, Donald J Kastens
Histoplasmosis is the most common endemic mycosis in the United States. Symptomatic gastrointestinal histoplasmosis is a rare entity. We report a case of isolated intestinal histoplasmosis that manifested as severe lower gastrointestinal bleeding in a renal transplant patient. The patient developed hematochezia, and colonoscopy showed diffuse, extensive areas of cratered, ulcerated mucosa in the entire colon. Biopsy showed prominent mucosal and submucosal infiltrate of plump histiocytes containing intracytoplasmic yeast forms morphologically compatible with florid histoplasmosis...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776217/neck-injury-and-conjunctival-petechiae-in-a-woman-who-underwent-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-subsequently-died-from-meningococcal-sepsis
#10
Jack Garland, Rexson Tse
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can create a range of unusual lesions and injuries, which may complicate forensic evaluation. Although potentially sinister findings, neck injury and conjunctival petechiae may also be seen in patients who have undergone CPR. We report a case of an individual with subcutaneous bruising and hemorrhage in the deep structures of the neck and florid conjunctival petechiae at autopsy that can be explained by cardiopulmonary resuscitation and meningococcal sepsis.
August 3, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769594/disseminated-coccidioidomycosis-with-molluscum-like-lesions-diffuse-lymphadenopathy-and-splenomegaly-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#11
Ernest Fonocho, Richard Murray, Nail Aydin
Coccidioidomycosis is caused by a dimorphic fungus species endemic to the arid and semi-arid regions of the Americas. The species have a terranean habitat producing a primary pulmonary infection by inhalation of arthroconidia. We describe a case of extrapulmonary coccidioidomycosis presenting with extensive lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and florid cutaneous lesions. This case is intended to heighten clinical suspicion in patients with risk factors.
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756244/high-frequency-of-bob1-lo-t-follicular-helper-cells-in-florid-reactive-follicular-hyperplasia
#12
Hiroshi Matsumiya, Koji Kawata, Ryuta Kamekura, Chieko Tsubomatsu, Sumito Jitsukawa, Takamasa Asai, Syunsuke Akasaka, Motonari Kamei, Keiji Yamashita, Fumie Ito, Terufumi Kubo, Noriyuki Sato, Ken-Ichi Takano, Tetsuo Himi, Shingo Ichimiya
Florid reactive follicular hyperplasia (FRFH), which is characterized by large germinal centers (GCs) within normal lymphoid follicles, is often observed in benign lesions of lymph nodes and other tissues. Because of the histologic similarity of FRFH to tumorous lesions such as follicular lymphoma, careful pathological examination is required to evaluate such lesions; however, little is known about the mechanism underlying the development of FRFH. In this study, we investigated T follicular helper (Tfh) cells in hyperplastic tonsils of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA), which frequently exhibits typical FRFH...
July 26, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717510/post-obstructive-pulmonary-edema-from-aspirated-nuts
#13
Ahsan Bashir, Sabina Qureshi Ahmad, Joshua Silverman, Emily Concepcion, Haesoon Lee
OBJECTIVES: Post-obstructive pulmonary edema is thought to occur from hemodynamic changes secondary to forced inspiration against the closed airway due to acute or chronic airway obstruction. We report a case of a 13 month-old boy who developed pulmonary edema from aspirated foreign body, nuts. METHODS: He underwent emergency bronchoscopy to confirm the clinical diagnosis of aspirated nuts in the trachea and nuts were removed endoscopically. His trachea was then intubated and he was mechanically ventilated with oxygen...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709499/increased-occipital-gyrification-and-development-of-psychotic-disorders-in-individuals-with-an-at-risk-mental-state-a%C3%A2-multicenter-study
#14
Daiki Sasabayashi, Yoichiro Takayanagi, Tsutomu Takahashi, Shinsuke Koike, Hidenori Yamasue, Naoyuki Katagiri, Atsushi Sakuma, Chika Obara, Mihoko Nakamura, Atsushi Furuichi, Mikio Kido, Yumiko Nishikawa, Kyo Noguchi, Kazunori Matsumoto, Masafumi Mizuno, Kiyoto Kasai, Michio Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Anomalies of brain gyrification have been reported in schizophrenia, possibly reflecting its neurodevelopmental pathology. However, it remains elusive whether individuals at risk for psychotic disorders exhibit deviated gyrification patterns, and whether such findings, if present, are predictive of transition to psychotic disorders. METHODS: This multicenter magnetic resonance imaging study investigated brain gyrification and its relationship to later transition to psychotic disorders in a large sample of at-risk mental state (ARMS) individuals...
July 1, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704987/exacerbated-pemphigus-vulgaris-superinfected-with-herpes-virus-ii-chemoattracting-a-florid-inflammatory-response
#15
Ana M Abreu Velez, Garin D Barth, Michael S Howard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 11, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658786/xanthogranulomatous-cholecystitis-with-florid-ducts-of-luschka-double-trouble-mimicking-malignancy
#16
Archana Shetty, Mudasser Rehan, V Geethamani
Xanthogranulomatous Cholecystitis (XGC) is an uncommon inflammatory condition of gall bladder, which is often misdiagnosed as malignancy preoperatively, leading to extensive surgical resections which may not be necessary for the patient. Ducts of Luschka are a rare developmental variant of the biliary tree, which are prone to injury and bile leak during cholecystectomy. We report a case of a 52-year-old male patient who was taken up for surgery with a provisional diagnosis of chronic calculous cholecystitis...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623408/plexiform-neurofibroma-causing-an-ossifying-subperiosteal-haematoma-a-rare-case-in-the-tibia-of-an-11-year-old-girl
#17
Anton Lavell, Christopher W Jones, Daniel Wong, Peter Counsel, Richard Carey-Smith
Ossifying subperiosteal haematoma is an exceedingly rare manifestation of Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1). We report an interesting case of plexiform neurofibroma causing a rapidly growing tibial mass as a result of subperiosteal haemorrhage, in an 11-year-old girl with previously undiagnosed NF-1. This reflects a precursor of the more mature periosteal ossification seen in cases traditionally termed "subperiosteal cysts". A previously well young girl was referred by her general practitioner with an increasingly large, mildly tender, soft lump on the anterior aspect of her right tibia...
June 16, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622183/cyclin-d1-is-expressed-in-neoplastic-cells-of-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-but-not-reactive-langerhans-cell-proliferations
#18
Vignesh Shanmugam, Jeffrey W Craig, Jason L Hornick, Elizabeth A Morgan, Geraldine S Pinkus, Olga Pozdnyakova
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is characterized by frequent activating mutations involving the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Therefore, downstream markers of MAPK pathway activation such as cyclin D1 may be useful as novel diagnostic markers of neoplasia in LCH. The goal of this study was to investigate cyclin D1 expression in LCH and reactive Langerhans cell accumulations using immunohistochemistry on archival tissue. All LCH cases tested (39/39) showed cyclin D1 expression in CD1a/Langerin cells...
October 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595451/dependent-erythema-of-the-legs-associated-with-mild-autonomic-nervous-system-dysfunction
#19
Bahar Bahrani, Christopher S Sladden
INTRODUCTION: Dependent erythema or rubor is an erythematous discoloration of the limbs, most commonly associated with peripheral artery disease. We present a case of florid dependent erythema, associated with additional autonomic symptoms. METHODS: Examination and full workup of a 16-year-old healthy girl with an 8-year history of dependent erythema, chronic diarrhea, and mild hyperhidrosis. A literature search was performed to review any similar cases and generate a differential diagnosis...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574280/current-concepts-in-diagnosis-molecular-features-and-management-of-lobular-carcinoma-in-situ-of-the-breast-with-a-discussion-of-morphologic-variants
#20
Paula S Ginter, Timothy M D'Alfonso
CONTEXT: - Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) refers to a neoplastic proliferation of cells that characteristically shows loss of E-cadherin expression and has long been regarded as a risk factor for invasive breast cancer. Long-term outcome studies and molecular data have also implicated LCIS as a nonobligate precursor to invasive carcinoma. In the past few decades, pleomorphic and florid LCIS have been recognized as morphologic variants of LCIS with more-aggressive histopathologic features, less-favorable biomarker profiles, and more-complex molecular features compared with classic LCIS...
June 2, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
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