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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330656/3d-imaging-3d-printing-and-3d-virtual-planning-in-endodontics
#1
REVIEW
Pratik Shah, B S Chong
The adoption and adaptation of recent advances in digital technology, such as three-dimensional (3D) printed objects and haptic simulators, in dentistry have influenced teaching and/or management of cases involving implant, craniofacial, maxillofacial, orthognathic and periodontal treatments. 3D printed models and guides may help operators plan and tackle complicated non-surgical and surgical endodontic treatment and may aid skill acquisition. Haptic simulators may assist in the development of competency in endodontic procedures through the acquisition of psycho-motor skills...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290185/non-vascularized-autogenous-bone-grafts-for-reconstruction-of-maxillofacial-osseous-defects
#2
Waseem Ahmed, Muhammad Adil Asim, Afeefa Ehsan, Qalab Abbas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes of non-vascularized bone grafts for reconstruction of maxillofacial defects. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi, from January 2013 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive analyses of 30 patients, who underwent maxillofacial reconstruction with non-vascularized bone grafts, were conducted...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285334/bisphosphonates-therapy-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-clinical-experience-in-oral-surgery
#3
G Ierardo, M Bossù, G D'Angeli, M Celli, G Sfasciotti
Objectives: To define the possible complications of oral surgery in childhood in patients affected by type 1 Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and treated with bisphosphonates (BP). Methods: The study was conducted among 20 patients in childhood with an age range 8-14 (12 ♂ e 8 ♀) affected by OI. Patients were initially evaluated at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Rare Disease Center Skeletal Dysplasia-Bone Metabolic Pathologies and after at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Head and Neck Department, UOC Pediatric Dentistry...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275795/comparison-of-acupuncture-with-ibuprofen-for-pain-management-in-patients-with-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#4
Haneesh Murugesan, Sujatha Venkatappan, Senthil Kumar Renganathan, Srinivasan Narasimhan, Mahalaxmi Sekar
Emergency pain management in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis commonly includes use of nonnarcotic analgesics. Acupuncture has been used in dentistry to alleviate pain after tooth extraction. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of acupuncture therapy and ibuprofen for pain management in such patients. A total of 157 patients participated in this study and were randomly assigned to three groups, Group I-classical acupuncture with placebo tablet, Group II-sham acupuncture with placebo tablet, and Group III-sham acupuncture with ibuprofen...
December 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260758/-regeneration-of-dental-pulp-tissue-using-pulpal-autologous-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-platelet-rich-plasma
#5
A A Kulakov, D V Goldshtein, E K Krechina, T B Bukharova, A V Volkov, A K Gadzhiev
Regeneration of pulp and dentin could be important in operative dentistry as a method to save teeth. Currently cell population from dental pulp of deciduous and permanent teeth of humans and laboratory animals are isolated and characterized. The paper presents a study on pulp regeneration using autologous mesenchymal stromal cells from pulp of molars in combination with fibrin clot, transplanted in pulp chamber of miniature pigs after pulp removal. The results proved that transplantation of autologous multipotent stromal cells of dental pulp in combination with autologous platelet-rich plasma in pulp chamber of miniature pigs after pulp removal leads to pulp restoration and reparative dentinogenesis with dentinal bridge formation on the 30th day...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249887/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-a-mandibular-root-amputated-molar-using-single-crown
#6
Azam Sadat Mostafavi, Seyed Mehran Falahchai
In teeth with furcation involvement, root amputation is one of the treatment choices. A challenge which a dentist may encounter with is the prosthetic treatment of such teeth when their adjacent teeth are intact. According to the current goal of operative dentistry based on conservative treatment, it would be desirable to do in a manner resulting in minimal damage to the adjacent sound teeth. In the following case report, a step-by-step conservative treatment sequences of a mandibular molar with distal root amputation which not involving surrounding teeth is described...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227014/comparison-of-weighted-and-composite-scores-for-pre-clinical-dental-learners
#7
H M Nassar, Y S Park, A Tekian
PURPOSE: The weighted mean (WM) method for combining scores of assessment components can provide outcomes with biased reliability and score precision. The objective of this study was to compare the traditional WM with another method utilising the composite score (CS) principle for combining scores of a final summative assessment exercise for a pre-clinical dental course. METHODS: Data were collected from the final examination of third-year Preclinical Operative and Esthetic Dentistry course consisting of 3 parts: practical competency, objective structured practical examination and a written examination with weights of 33%, 17% and 50%, respectively...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200371/comparison-of-anesthesia-for-dental-oral-surgery-by-office-based-dentist-anesthesiologists-versus-operating-room-based-physician-anesthesiologists
#8
Mark A Saxen, Richard D Urman, Juan F Yepes, Rodney A Gabriel, James E Jones
Few studies have examined the practice characteristics of dentist anesthesiologists and compared them to other anesthesia providers. Using outcomes from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry and the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry for dental/oral surgery procedures, we compared 7133 predominantly office-based anesthetics by dentist anesthesiologists to 106,420 predominantly operating room anesthetics performed by physician anesthesia providers. These encounters were contrasted with 34,191 previously published encounters from the practices of oral and maxillofacial surgeons...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196334/grading-class-i-preparations-in-preclinical-dental-education-e4d-compare-software-vs-the-traditional-standard
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marilia M Sly, Juliana A Barros, Charles F Streckfus, Dianna M Arriaga, Shalizeh A Patel
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a novel assessment software system with the traditional grading protocol used in the University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston operative dentistry preclinical curriculum. In the study, conducted in 2016, 98 Class I preparations were evaluated both traditionally and digitally by two teams of calibrated preclinical faculty members (two evaluators for each team). Scores from each faculty pair were averaged for the traditional and the digital grading systems, and the scores for the two grading systems were compared...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178762/adverse-effects-of-salivary-contamination-for-adhesives-in-restorative-dentistry-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Pooja Nair, Reinhard Hickel, Nicoleta Ilie
PURPOSE: To review and critically analyze the literature concerning the influence of salivary contamination on the bond quality of adhesives used in restorative materials by comparing and contrasting the different adhesive materials. METHODS: A detailed search on PUBMED, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and Web of Science was carried out to identify publications on salivary contamination and dental adhesive materials, from 1990-2017 (March) which resulted in a total of 6,202 web-identified publications...
June 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145846/comparison-of-diagnostic-methods-for-early-interproximal-caries-detection-with-near-infrared-light-transillumination-an-in-vivo-study
#11
Ismail Hakki Baltacioglu, Kaan Orhan
BACKGROUND: Although numerous studies have used digital intraoral imaging, only a few studies have used photo-optical methods for the diagnosis of caries. Moreover, several limitations exist in terms of observers (experience and specialty) and the caries lesion itself. Hence, the aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic capability of near-infrared light transillumination (NILT) and PSP-Bitewing radiographs and to compare the interobserver and intraobserver differences in addition to observers' experience level to detect early interproximal caries lesions in vivo...
November 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986205/-conception-and-implementation-of-a-novel-e-learning-module-with-ebm-learning-contents-in-operative-dentistry
#12
Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Stefanie Dreher, Stefan Rüttermann, Tobias Weberschock
PURPOSE: Computer-assisted learning (CAL) programs are becoming more widely used in medical and dental training. However, the combination of CAL programs and evidence-based education in dentistry has not been described previously. The aim was to determine the acceptance and user-friendliness of a CAL program combined with evidence-based training. METHODS: The didactic concept of the module includes the case-oriented, problem-based embedding of a total of 32 EbM learning assignments, which can be completed interactively and self-determinedly in an interdisciplinary context using focus patients with different diseases...
October 3, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966289/effects-of-an-interactive-simulation-material-for-clinical-dentistry-on-knowledge-acquisition
#13
Tomoe Miyoshi, Koki Hobo, Masayo Sunaga, Atsuhiro Kinoshita
The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of interactive simulation materials with decision making in knowledge acquisition and anxiety reduction. Dental students in their fourth year at Tokyo Medical and Dental University were randomly divided into Groups I and D. Participants read a scenario, learned with interactive-type (Group I) or display-type (Group D) learning materials about pulpectomy, and took the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-JYZ, a quiz for measuring learning effects, and a questionnaire for evaluation of the material...
2017: Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953566/in-search-of-black-swans-identifying-students-at-risk-of-failing-licensing-examinations
#14
Cassandra Barber, Robert Hammond, Lorne Gula, Gary Tithecott, Saad Chahine
PURPOSE: To determine which admissions variables and curricular outcomes are predictive of being at risk of failing the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination Part 1 (MCCQE1), how quickly student risk of failure can be predicted, and to what extent predictive modeling is possible and accurate in estimating future student risk. METHOD: Data from five graduating cohorts (2011-2015), Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, were collected and analyzed using hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLMs)...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936293/does-the-postoperative-administration-of-antibiotics-reduce-the-symptoms-of-lower-third-molar-removal-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study
#15
María Martín-Ares, Cristina Barona-Dorado, Natalia Martínez-Rodríguez, Jorge Cortés-Bretón-Brinkmann, Javier Sanz-Alonso, José-María Martínez-González
BACKGROUND: To date there is little scientific evidence that clarifies the therapeutic effect of antibiotics for managing the postoperative symptoms of impacted third molar surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic treatment for reducing non-infectious clinical symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patient data was collected from the patients´ medical records and the results were statistically evaluated with SPSS versión 21.0; SPSS, IBM; Chicago, IL, USA)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890621/soft-tissue-applications-of-er-cr-ysgg-laser-in-pediatric-dentistry
#16
Gyanendra Kumar, Ferah Rehman, Vivek Chaturvedy
Soft tissue laser, such as diode and Nd:YAG lasers were initially used in soft tissue lesions because of its increased success rate. It was because of the fact that these lasers were well-absorbed by chromophores, such as hemoglobin and melanin which are found abundant in the oral mucosa. The introduction of erbium family in 1990 comprising the Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers made the hard tissue laser a boon for dentistry. Erbium, chromium-doped yttrium, scandium, gallium and garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) was introduced in 1997 for the surgical needs of clinical dentistry in general practice...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887865/platelet-rich-plasma-the-ultimate-secret-for-youthful-skin-elixir-and-hair-growth-triggering
#17
REVIEW
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879326/4-lidocaine-versus-4-articaine-for-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-in-impacted-lower-third-molar-surgery
#18
Kiatanant Boonsiriseth, Sittipong Chaimanakarn, Prued Chewpreecha, Natee Nonpassopon, Manop Khanijou, Bushara Ping, Natthamet Wongsirichat
BACKGROUND: No study has compared lidocaine with articaine, each at a concentration of 4% and combined with epinephrine. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 4% lidocaine with that of 4% articaine, with a concentration of 1:100,000 epinephrine added to each, in an inferior alveolar nerve block for surgery on impacted lower third molars. METHOD: This study was conducted at the Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thailand...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877358/utility-of-transfacial-dental-ultrasonography-in-evaluation-of-cystic-jaw-lesions
#19
Khaled Gad, Mohamed Ellabban, James Sciubba
OBJECTIVES: Plain radiography has been widely used in dentistry. Because of the variability of the quality of equipment, radiographic technique, accuracy of interpretation, and radiation risk to the patients, the field is ripe for the introduction of other newer diagnostic modalities. In this report, we demonstrate the utility of ultrasonography in the diagnostic workup of cystic or cystlike lesions of the jaw. METHODS: We used a transfacial ultrasonographic scanning approach to examine 32 patients with clinical or radiographic presentation of a jaw cyst...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875082/the-brazilian-version-of-the-20-item-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-medicine-and-dentistry
#20
Agnes Fátima P Cruvinel, Daniela Alejandra C Méndez, Juliana G Oliveira, Eliézer Gutierres, Matheus Lotto, Maria Aparecida A M Machado, Thaís M Oliveira, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The misunderstanding of specific vocabulary may hamper the patient-health provider communication. The 20-item Rapid Estimate Adult Literacy in Medicine and Dentistry (REALMD-20) was constructed to screen patients by their ability in reading medical/dental terminologies in a simple and rapid way. This study aimed to perform the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of this instrument for its application in Brazilian dental patients. METHODS: The cross-cultural adaptation was performed through conceptual equivalence, verbatim translation, semantic, item and operational equivalence, and back-translation...
2017: PeerJ
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