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Operative dentistry

Zehra Çağla Karakoç, Uğur Haklar
Surgical site infections (SSI) are among the most important complications in knee arthroplasty. In this article we aim to retrospectively evaluate effects of preoperative multidisciplinary assessment and treatment of focal infections in primary knee arthroplasty patients operated by a single surgeon in a single center. A total of 93 patients undergoing 120 primary knee arthroplasty operations were included in the study. In the preoperative assessment all patients were consulted by infectious diseases, otorhinolaryngology (ENT) and dentistry departments, and female patients additionally by gynecology departments to evaluate and treat possible focal infections...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Xiaoling Yu, Xiaosheng Cheng, Ning Dai, Hu Chen, Changjiang Yu, Yuchun Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In dentistry, the complete denture is a conventional treatment for edentulous patients. The computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) has been applied on the digital complete denture which is developed rapidly. Tooth selection and arrangement is one of the most important parts in digital complete denture. In this paper, we propose a new method of personalized teeth arrangement. METHODS: This paper presents a method of arranging teeth virtually for a complete denture...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Andrew S Young, Michael W Fischer, Nicholas S Lang, Matthew R Cooke
This study provides trends in the discipline of dental anesthesiology. A questionnaire-based survey was sent to 338 members of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists to evaluate practice patterns. One focus of the study was modality of sedation/anesthesia used for dentistry in North America. Age, gender, years in practice, and geographic region of practice were also obtained. Data gathered from the returned questionnaires were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and then imported into JMP Statistical Discovery Software (v12...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
Umut Demetoglu, Hakan Ocak, Suheyb Bilge
Oroantral communication (OAC) is the opening between the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. It may cause oroantral fistula or maxillary sinusitis if left untreated. The surgical closure of the OAC within 48 hours was recommended to avoid the complications like sinus infections. The aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment of OACs with plasma-rich fibrin (PRF) which is safe and easy to implement in the OACs.This study was conducted with the patients, who required the treatment of the OAC, which was developed after the posterior maxillary tooth extraction in the Dental and Maxillofacial Department of the Faculty of Dentistry in Adnan Menderes University...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
G L Dou, N Wu, S Y Zhao, B Xia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the two-year outcomes of primary molars pulpotomy using mineral trioxided aggregate (MTA) and to find out the potential influence factor, with the help of electronic medical record database. METHODS: Children who received primary molars pulpotomy in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from May, 2014 to November, 2015 were searched in the Electronic Medical Record Database of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, via the database for scientific research provided by the corporation of Kaientai...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
M Grindefjord, J Persson, L Jansson, G Tsilingaridis
AIM: This was to examine healthy children and adolescents treated under general anaesthesia (GA) and a matched control group not receiving GA to compare treatment and preventive care received prior to GA treatment. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 71 healthy subjects and 213 age- and gender-matched control subjects. The treatment group had been consecutively referred from the Public Dental Health Service (PDS) in Stockholm to the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Eastman Institute, Stockholm during 2006-2007...
February 26, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Mikako Hayashi, Tomomi Yamada, Christopher D Lynch, Nairn H F Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The teaching of posterior composites has been a major part of the curriculum in Japanese dental education for several decades. The aim of this paper was to investigate the current trends in the teaching of posterior composites to undergraduate dental students in Japan by comparing the results of surveys conducted for over 30 years. METHODS: In late 2016-early 2017, a questionnaire seeking information on the teaching of posterior composites was distributed via e-mail to the persons responsible for teaching operative dentistry in 29 dental schools having undergraduate dental degree programs in Japan...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Giovanni Bruno, Alberto De Stefani, Paolo Balasso, Sergio Mazzoleni, Antonio Gracco
Background: The styloid process is a projecton of the temporal bone, its lenght is between 20 to 30 mm, when it is longer than 30 mm it is defined elongated styloid process. The aim of this study is an epidemiological evaluation of 1003 digital panoramic radiographs in an Italian population between 5 and 90 years old. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective analysis and the radiographs were selected from the Complex Operating Unit of Dentistry of Padua University Hospital database...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Ankit Chanani, Haridas Das Adhikari
Background: Differential diagnosis of periapical cysts and granulomas is required as their treatment modalities are different. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the differential diagnosis of periapical cysts from granulomas. Settings and Design: A single-centered observational study was carried out in the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, using CBCT and dental operating microscope...
September 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
William J Boggess, Jeanine Ronan, Neeraj Panchal
Subcutaneous emphysema is a rare possible complication of dental procedures. The majority of the dental literature describes cases of localized areas of subcutaneous emphysema following various dental procedures, with a large number of these cases seen following intraoral surgical procedures. Classically, subcutaneous emphysema occurs within minutes to hours after conclusion of dental procedures and is commonly misdiagnosed as either an allergic reaction or acute post-operative swelling. This case report describes a four-year-old male who underwent dental rehabilitation for routine restorative dentistry without extractions under general anesthesia...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
Pratik Shah, B S Chong
The adoption and adaptation of recent advances in digital technology, such as three-dimensional (3D) printed objects and haptic simulators, in dentistry have influenced teaching and/or management of cases involving implant, craniofacial, maxillofacial, orthognathic and periodontal treatments. 3D printed models and guides may help operators plan and tackle complicated non-surgical and surgical endodontic treatment and may aid skill acquisition. Haptic simulators may assist in the development of competency in endodontic procedures through the acquisition of psycho-motor skills...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Waseem Ahmed, Muhammad Adil Asim, Afeefa Ehsan, Qalab Abbas
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcomes of non-vascularized bone grafts for reconstruction of maxillofacial defects. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry, Rawalpindi, from January 2013 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive analyses of 30 patients, who underwent maxillofacial reconstruction with non-vascularized bone grafts, were conducted...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
G Ierardo, M Bossù, G D'Angeli, M Celli, G Sfasciotti
Objectives: To define the possible complications of oral surgery in childhood in patients affected by type 1 Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and treated with bisphosphonates (BP). Methods: The study was conducted among 20 patients in childhood with an age range 8-14 (12 ♂ e 8 ♀) affected by OI. Patients were initially evaluated at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Rare Disease Center Skeletal Dysplasia-Bone Metabolic Pathologies and after at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Head and Neck Department, UOC Pediatric Dentistry...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
Haneesh Murugesan, Sujatha Venkatappan, Senthil Kumar Renganathan, Srinivasan Narasimhan, Mahalaxmi Sekar
Emergency pain management in symptomatic irreversible pulpitis commonly includes use of nonnarcotic analgesics. Acupuncture has been used in dentistry to alleviate pain after tooth extraction. The aim of this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of acupuncture therapy and ibuprofen for pain management in such patients. A total of 157 patients participated in this study and were randomly assigned to three groups, Group I-classical acupuncture with placebo tablet, Group II-sham acupuncture with placebo tablet, and Group III-sham acupuncture with ibuprofen...
December 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
A A Kulakov, D V Goldshtein, E K Krechina, T B Bukharova, A V Volkov, A K Gadzhiev
Regeneration of pulp and dentin could be important in operative dentistry as a method to save teeth. Currently cell population from dental pulp of deciduous and permanent teeth of humans and laboratory animals are isolated and characterized. The paper presents a study on pulp regeneration using autologous mesenchymal stromal cells from pulp of molars in combination with fibrin clot, transplanted in pulp chamber of miniature pigs after pulp removal. The results proved that transplantation of autologous multipotent stromal cells of dental pulp in combination with autologous platelet-rich plasma in pulp chamber of miniature pigs after pulp removal leads to pulp restoration and reparative dentinogenesis with dentinal bridge formation on the 30th day...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
Azam Sadat Mostafavi, Seyed Mehran Falahchai
In teeth with furcation involvement, root amputation is one of the treatment choices. A challenge which a dentist may encounter with is the prosthetic treatment of such teeth when their adjacent teeth are intact. According to the current goal of operative dentistry based on conservative treatment, it would be desirable to do in a manner resulting in minimal damage to the adjacent sound teeth. In the following case report, a step-by-step conservative treatment sequences of a mandibular molar with distal root amputation which not involving surrounding teeth is described...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
H M Nassar, Y S Park, A Tekian
PURPOSE: The weighted mean (WM) method for combining scores of assessment components can provide outcomes with biased reliability and score precision. The objective of this study was to compare the traditional WM with another method utilising the composite score (CS) principle for combining scores of a final summative assessment exercise for a pre-clinical dental course. METHODS: Data were collected from the final examination of third-year Preclinical Operative and Esthetic Dentistry course consisting of 3 parts: practical competency, objective structured practical examination and a written examination with weights of 33%, 17% and 50%, respectively...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Mark A Saxen, Richard D Urman, Juan F Yepes, Rodney A Gabriel, James E Jones
Few studies have examined the practice characteristics of dentist anesthesiologists and compared them to other anesthesia providers. Using outcomes from the National Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry and the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry for dental/oral surgery procedures, we compared 7133 predominantly office-based anesthetics by dentist anesthesiologists to 106,420 predominantly operating room anesthetics performed by physician anesthesia providers. These encounters were contrasted with 34,191 previously published encounters from the practices of oral and maxillofacial surgeons...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
Marilia M Sly, Juliana A Barros, Charles F Streckfus, Dianna M Arriaga, Shalizeh A Patel
The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a novel assessment software system with the traditional grading protocol used in the University of Texas School of Dentistry at Houston operative dentistry preclinical curriculum. In the study, conducted in 2016, 98 Class I preparations were evaluated both traditionally and digitally by two teams of calibrated preclinical faculty members (two evaluators for each team). Scores from each faculty pair were averaged for the traditional and the digital grading systems, and the scores for the two grading systems were compared...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Education
Pooja Nair, Reinhard Hickel, Nicoleta Ilie
PURPOSE: To review and critically analyze the literature concerning the influence of salivary contamination on the bond quality of adhesives used in restorative materials by comparing and contrasting the different adhesive materials. METHODS: A detailed search on PUBMED, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar and Web of Science was carried out to identify publications on salivary contamination and dental adhesive materials, from 1990-2017 (March) which resulted in a total of 6,202 web-identified publications...
June 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
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