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Operative dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461638/evaluation-of-a-new-grading-system-for-clinical-skills-in-dental-student-clinics
#1
Aurel D Bodenmann, Julia M Bühler, Mauro Amato, Ronald Weiger, Nicola U Zitzmann
Several evaluation systems for clinical exams have been suggested over the years, but no systematic analysis of checklists or criteria-based exam forms has yet been undertaken. The aims of this study were to analyze criteria-based evaluation forms and to identify areas in the teaching process potentially requiring improvements. All evaluation forms introduced in 2012 at the Clinic for Periodontology, Endodontology, and Cariology at the University Center of Dental Medicine in Basel, Switzerland, and applied over a three-year period (n=1,093 in 2015) were analyzed using predefined criteria...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461634/student-self-assessment-of-operative-dentistry-experiences-a-time-dependent-exercise-in-self-directed-learning
#2
Michael J Metz, Marcelo T Durski, Megan O'Malley DeGaris, Timothy C Daugherty, Randall L Vaught, Celine Joyce Cornelius, Theresa G Mayfield
The aim of this study was to evaluate the process of student self-assessment on operative dentistry skills across four years at the University of Louisville School of Dentistry. First, a retrospective analysis of the Class of 2016 students' self-assessment and faculty assessment grade sheets was conducted to determine mean differences and correlations across time. Both preclinical (D2: n=120) and clinical (D3: n=120; D4: n=120) grade sheets were evaluated. Second, 25 students from each of the D1, D2, D3, and D4 classes in 2016 were asked to evaluate dentoform work, and 25 operative calibrated faculty members graded the same two dentoforms...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461632/dental-faculty-accuracy-when-using-diagnostic-codes-a-pilot-study
#3
Jeanne C Sutton, Rose-Marie Fay, Carolyn P Huynh, Cleverick D Johnson, Liang Zhu, Ryan L Quock
The aim of this study was to examine the accuracy of dental faculty members' utilization of diagnostic codes and resulting treatment planning based on radiographic interproximal tooth radiolucencies. In 2015, 50 full-time and part-time general dentistry faculty members at one U.S. dental school were shown a sequence of 15 bitewing radiographs; one interproximal radiolucency was highlighted on each bitewing. For each radiographic lesion, participants were asked to choose the most appropriate diagnostic code (from a concise list of five codes, corresponding to lesion progression to outer/inner halves of enamel and outer/middle/pulpal thirds of dentin), acute treatment (attempt to arrest/remineralize non-invasively, operative intervention, or no treatment), and level of confidence in choices...
May 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439161/three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-anatomical-characteristics-and-dimensions-of-the-nasopalatine-canal-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#4
Nikhil V Jain, Affaf A Gharatkar, Bandish A Parekh, Smita I Musani, Umang Deepak Shah
AIM: Placement of implants in the maxillary anterior region needs to be preceded by careful analysis of the area as in addition to the functional aspect the esthetic outcome is of prime importance. This descriptive study evaluated anatomical characteristics and dimensions of the nasopalatine canal (NC) from coronal, sagittal and axial aspects using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) giving it a three dimensional analytical approach. Also the dimensions of the corresponding buccal bone plate (BBP) of the alveolar process were evaluated...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428604/in-vitro-cavity-and-crown-preparations-and-direct-restorations-a-comparison-of-performance-at-the-start-and-end-of-the-fd-programme
#5
F J T Burke, V Ravaghi, L Mackenzie, N Priest, H C Falcon
Aim To assess the performance and thereby the progress of the FDs when they carried out a number of simulated clinical exercises at the start and at the end of their FD year.Methods A standardised simulated clinical restorative dentistry training exercise was carried out by a group of 61 recently qualified dental graduates undertaking a 12 months' duration foundation training programme in England, at both the start and end of the programme. Participants completed a Class II cavity preparation and amalgam restoration, a Class IV composite resin restoration and two preparations for a porcelain-metal full crown...
April 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413600/screening-the-use-of-informed-consent-forms-prior-to-procedures-involving-operative-dentistry-ethical-aspects
#6
Livia Graziele Rodrigues, João Batista De Souza, Erica Miranda De Torres, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
Background. The present study aimed to screen the knowledge and attitudes of dentists toward the use of informed consent forms prior to procedures involving operative dentistry. Methods. A research tool containing questions (questionnaire) regarding the use of informed consent forms was developed. The questionnaire consisted of seven questions structured to screen the current practice in operative dentistry towards the use of informed consent forms. Results. The questionnaires were distributed among 731 dentists, of which 179 returned them with answers...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406124/comparison-of-patients-with-and-without-intellectual-disability-under-general-anesthesia-a-retrospective-study
#7
T Sitilci, S Demirgan, C Akcay, N Kahraman, B G Koseoglu, M A Erdem, A B Cankaya
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We analyzed and retrospectively compared patients with and without intellectual disability (ID) who underwent oral surgery under general anesthesia at Istanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of General Anesthesia, between October 2012 and June 2013 with regard to the following categories: Demographic features, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, Mallampati score, type of anesthetic drug used during the operation, type of intubation used, any difficulties with tracheal intubation, presence of systemic diseases, and recovery times after ending general anesthesia...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406119/factors-affecting-anxiety-fear-of-surgical-procedures-in-dentistry
#8
C N Eroglu, H Ataoğlu, K Küçük
AIM: To compare dental anxiety and fear during procedures performed under local anesthesia either in the operating room or in the clinic as well as to investigate the potential factors that might influence this psychological condition. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the universities in two cities, which have a different sociocultural patient profile, were enrolled. In addition to the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS), and Dental Fear Scale (DFS), the patients were asked to answer the questions concerning previous dental experience, education level, and previous psychiatric therapy...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401197/platelet-rich-fibrin-prf-in-implants-dentistry-in-combination-with-new-bone-regenerative-flapless-technique-evolution-of-the-technique-and-final-results
#9
Antonio Cortese, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Massimo Amato, Candace M Howard, Lorenzo Pedicini, Pier Paolo Claudio
Most common techniques for alveolar bone augmentation are guided bone regeneration (GBR) and autologous bone grafting. GBR studies demonstrated long-term reabsorption using heterologous bone graft. A general consensus has been achieved in implant surgery for a minimal amount of 2 mm of healthy bone around the implant. A current height loss of about 3-4 mm will result in proper deeper implant insertion when alveolar bone expansion is not planned because of the dome shape of the alveolar crest. To manage this situation a split crest technique has been proposed for alveolar bone expansion and the implants' insertion in one stage surgery...
January 2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376959/research-abstracts-operative-dentistry
#10
Ario Santini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370970/implementation-of-augmented-reality-in-operative-dentistry-learning
#11
C Llena, S Folguera, L Forner, F J Rodríguez-Lozano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of augmented reality (AR) in the gaining of knowledge and skills amongst dental students in the design of cavity preparations and analyse their degree of satisfaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: AR cavity models were prepared for use with computers and mobile devices. Forty-one students were divided into two groups (traditional teaching methods vs AR). Questionnaires were designed to evaluate knowledge and skills, with the administration of a satisfaction questionnaire for those using AR...
March 31, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363455/the-evaluation-of-trustworthiness-to-identify-health-insurance-fraud-in-dentistry
#12
Shu-Li Wang, Hao-Ting Pai, Mei-Fang Wu, Fan Wu, Chen-Lin Li
OBJECTIVE: According to the investigations of the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO), health insurance fraud has caused an enormous pecuniary loss in the U.S. In Taiwan, in dentistry the problem is getting worse if dentists (authorized entities) file fraudulent claims. Several methods have been developed to solve health insurance fraud; however, these methods are like a rule-based mechanism. Without exploring the behavior patterns, these methods are time-consuming and ineffective; in addition, they are inadequate for managing the fraudulent dentists...
January 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325532/effectiveness-of-binaural-beats-in-reducing-preoperative-dental-anxiety
#13
B K Isik, A Esen, B Büyükerkmen, A Kilinç, D Menziletoglu
Binaural beats are an auditory illusion perceived when two different pure-tone sine waves are presented one to each ear at a steady intensity and frequency. We evaluated their effectiveness in reducing preoperative anxiety in dentistry. Sixty patients (30 in each group) who were to have impacted third molars removed were studied (experimental group: 20 women and 10 men, mean (range) age 24 (18-35) years, and control group: 22 women and 8 men, mean (range) age 28 (15-47) years). All patients were fully informed about the operation preoperatively, and their anxiety recorded on a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
March 18, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292344/an-analysis-of-pediatric-dentistry-residents-productivity-in-the-operating-room
#14
Oscar Arevalo, Daniel M Saman, Rosie Roldan, Andre Ballard, Adi Suta, Gabriel Brocha
PURPOSE: To analyze productivity of pediatric dental residents (PDRs) in the operating room (OR) and to determine predictors of case length. METHODS: Service-mix for OR cases completed between 2010 and 2013 were converted to relative value units (RVUs). Additional information, including patients' age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status, number of teeth, and operation time was retrieved. Analysis entailed descriptive, correlational, and multivariable techniques...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286398/-bone-mapping-sketching-in-management-of-anterior-table-frontal-sinus-fracture
#15
Anshul Rai, Adesh Shrivastava, Manal M Khan
PURPOSE: The aim of this present article was to know the efficacy of bone mapping/sketching in management of anterior table frontal sinus fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective clinical study includes 10 patients who reported to department of dentistry, AIIMS Bhopal with anterior table frontal sinus fracture. Sterile plain white paper or a glove cover was used for mapping/sketching. The patients were evaluated for post-operative contour of the fractured frontal sinus defect and any mucocele formation...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250037/the-relationship-between-dental-students-assessment-ability-and-preclinical-and-academic-performance-in-operative-dentistry
#16
Cliff Lee, Sheetal R Asher, Supattriya Chutinan, German O Gallucci, Hiroe Ohyama
Self-assessment is a critical skill for health care professionals. Because these professionals must be lifelong, self-directed learners and self-regulating practitioners, the ability to self-assess is essential for them. The aims of this study were to measure how dental students self-assessed and peer-assessed their performance in preclinical operative procedures and to evaluate any relationship between their assessment ability and preclinical skills or academic performance. The study was conducted from 2015 to 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210454/managing-patients-taking-edoxaban-in-dentistry
#17
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Daniel Curto, Jorge Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy is used in several conditions to prevent or treat thromboembolism. A new group of oral anticoagulants with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. The Food and Drug Administration has approved edoxaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Their advantages include: predictable pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and limited food, rapid onset of action and short half-life...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209003/comparative-evaluation-of-immediate-post-operative-sequelae-after-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-with-or-without-tube-drain-split-mouth-study
#18
Barun Kumar, Kalyani Bhate, R S Dolas, Sn Santhosh Kumar, Pushkar Waknis
INTRODUCTION: Third molar surgery is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in general dentistry. Post-operative variables such as pain, swelling and trismus are major concerns after impacted mandibular third molar surgery. Use of passive tube drain is supposed to help reduce these immediate post-operative sequelae. The current study was designed to compare the effect of tube drain on immediate post-operative sequelae following impacted mandibular third molar surgery. AIM: To compare the post-operative sequelae after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar surgery with or without tube drain...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194533/the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-laser-fluorescence-device-and-digital-radiography-in-detecting-approximal-caries-lesions-in-posterior-permanent-teeth-an-in-vivo-study
#19
R Menem, I Barngkgei, N Beiruti, I Al Haffar, Easter Joury
The aim of this in vivo study was to test the diagnostic accuracy of a pen-type laser fluorescence (LFpen) device in detecting approximal caries lesions, in posterior permanent teeth, at the cavitation and non-cavitation thresholds, and compare it with that of digital bitewing radiography. Thirty patients (aged 18-37), who attended the Faculty of Dentistry at Damascus University for a dental examination, were consecutively screened. Ninety approximal surfaces of posterior permanent teeth without frank cavitations, enamel hypoplasia or restorations were selected and examined using the LFpen (DIAGNOdent pen) and digital bitewing radiography...
April 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179193/light-curing-procedures-performance-knowledge-level-and-safety-awareness-among-dentists
#20
S E Kopperud, H V Rukke, H M Kopperud, E M Bruzell
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate dentists' exposure to curing light and to obtain information about the dentists' knowledge on practical use and technical features of their curing lights as well as their safety awareness. METHODS: A pre-coded questionnaire was sent electronically to all dentists (n=1313) in the Public Dental Service (PDS) in Norway in 2015. RESULTS: The Response rate was 55.8%. The dentists spent on average 57.5% of their working days placing restorations, ranging from 1 to 30 (mean 7...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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