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Operative dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747622/postoperative-dental-morbidity-in-children-following-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia
#1
Yu-Hsuan Hu, Aileen Tsai, Li-Wei Ou-Yang, Li-Chuan Chuang, Pei-Ching Chang
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia has been widely used in pediatric dentistry in recent years. However, there remain concerns about potential postoperative dental morbidity. The goal of this study was to identify the frequency of postoperative dental morbidity and factors associated with such morbidity in children. METHODS: From March 2012 to February 2013, physically and mentally healthy children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan were recruited...
May 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728548/qualitative-assessment-of-reliability-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-evaluating-bone-density-at-posterior-mandibular-implant-site
#2
Kirti Dahiya, Narendra Kumar, Pankaj Bajaj, Avdesh Sharma, Rohan Sikka, Sagar Dahiya
Introduction: The success of dental implants depends primarily on the primary implant stability and the bone density so that predictable osseointegration can be achieved. To achieve the desired results, systematic preoperative planning for implant placement is required. The sole aim of the study was to assess the reliability of preoperative bone density of mandibular posterior region for implant placement using computerized tomography-derived bone densities in Hounsfield units (HU). Materials and methods: A total of 200 patients with 352 implant sites between 2014 and 2017 were assessed for the posterior mandibular area using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722183/near-infrared-low-level-laser-therapy-and-cell-proliferation-the-emerging-role-of-redox-sensitive-signal-transduction-pathways
#3
REVIEW
Mario Migliario, Maurizio Sabbatini, Carmen Mortellaro, Filippo Renò
Lasers devices are widely used in various medical fields (e.g. surgery, dermatology, dentistry, rehabilitative medicine, etc) for different applications, ranging from surgical ablation of tissues to biostimulation and pain relief. Laser is an electromagnetic radiation which effects on biological tissues strongly depends on a number of physical parameters. Laser wavelength, energy output, irradiation time and modality, temperature and tissue penetration properties have to be set up according to the clinical target tissue and the desired effect...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707018/efficacy-of-pre-medication-with-ibuprofen-on-post-operative-pain-after-pulpotomy-in-primary-molars
#4
Lili Shafie, Sara Esmaili, Masoud Parirokh, Abbas Pardakhti, Nouzar Nakhaee, Paul V Abbott, Hamide Barghi
Introduction: Pain management following dental procedures, particularly pulpotomies and extraction, is of great importance in pediatric dentistry. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of pre-treatment with ibuprofen on post-operative pain following pulpotomy of primary molars. Methods and Materials: In a split mouth double-blinded randomized clinical trial, 49 children aging between 6-10 years old were given either ibuprofen or a placebo 45 min prior to the treatment...
2018: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652004/factors-associated-with-patients-satisfaction-of-rubber-dam-use-during-root-canal-treatment
#5
Manal Maslamani, Amal K Mitra
Background: The use of rubber dam (RD) has been recommended in dental procedures including root canal treatment. The aim of the study was to identify factors that were associated with patients' satisfaction and acceptance of RD. Setting and Design: This was a cross-sectional study, conducted from January 2015 to December 2016 at Kuwait University School of Dentistry. Materials and Methods: A pretested questionnaire was used by a face-to-face interview of patients after taking informed consent...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643529/-retrospective-study-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-of-62-disabled-children-and-adolescents
#6
N Wang, Y M Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively figure out the oral health status, treatment and follow-ups after dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) of disabled children or adolescents. METHODS: Clinical data of disabled children or adolescents and normal children as control received DGA in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from August 2008 to September 2015 were recorded, including: gender, birth date, treatment date, disability type, oral health status before treatment, treatment content and follow-ups (in 1 year)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608574/healing-potentials-of-polymethylmethacrylate-bone-cement-combined-with-platelet-gel-in-the-critical-sized-radial-bone-defect-of-rats
#7
Ahmad Oryan, Soodeh Alidadi, Amin Bigham-Sadegh, Ali Moshiri
Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is the most commonly used filler material that lacks biological properties and osteoconductivity or osteoinductivity. Platelet gel (PG) is a typical source of growth factors, cytokines and molecules efficient for bone formation and remodeling. The aim of this study was to evaluate bone healing and regeneration of bone defect in rat model by combining PMMA with PG. A total of 50 defects were created in the diaphysis of the radii of 25 male Sprague-Dawley rats. These defects were randomly divided into five groups (n = 10 defects for each group) and treated by autograft, plain PMMA, PG and PMMA-PG or left untreated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606660/dental-students-skills-assessments-comparisons-of-daily-clinical-grades-and-clinical-and-laboratory-assessments
#8
Elizangela Bertoli, Kristy Pepper Lawson, Susan S Bishop
The aim of this study was to compare the daily clinical grades of third-year dental students during routine clinical activities involving direct and indirect operative procedures to clinical and laboratory assessments. The authors compared students' daily clinical grades to graded clinical assessments and compared daily clinical grades to laboratory assessments at one U.S. dental school. A total of 50 third-year students (participation rate: 98%) participated in this study during the school year of 2014-15...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606658/comparison-of-dental-students-pat-scores-with-their-performance-in-preclinical-technique-courses-identifying-the-need-for-early-interventions
#9
Michele Schultz-Robins, Kenneth Markowitz, Jeanette DeCastro, Shuying Jiang
The aim of this study was to determine if lower scores on the Perceptual Ability Test (PAT) of the Dental Admission Test (DAT) predicted which dental students required remediation in three preclinical restorative dentistry courses at Rutgers School of Dental Medicine. The academic records of 489 dental students from the graduating Classes of 2010 through 2015 were evaluated. The results showed that, for all three courses (Preclinical General Dentistry I, Preclinical General Dentistry II, and Preclinical Fixed Prosthodontics), the remediating students had significantly lower mean PAT scores than did the passing students...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606657/the-role-of-digital-3d-scanned-models-in-dental-students-self-assessments-in-preclinical-operative-dentistry
#10
Cliff Lee, Hiro Kobayashi, Samuel R Lee, Hiroe Ohyama
The aim of this study was to determine how dental student self-assessment and faculty assessment of operative preparations compared for conventional visual assessment versus assessment of scanned digital 3D models. In 2016, all third-year students in the Class of 2018 (N=35) at Harvard School of Dental Medicine performed preclinical exams of Class II amalgam preparations (C2AP) and Class III composite preparations (C3CP) and completed self-assessment forms; in 2017, all third-year students in the Class of 2019 (N=34) performed the same exams...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582585/low-level-laser-therapy-as-an-adjunct-to-connective-tissue-graft-procedure-in-the-treatment-of-gingival-recession-defects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Zohaib Akram, Fahim Vohra, Fawad Javed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of low level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to connective tissue graft (CTG) procedure for the treatment of gingival recession (GR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The addressed PICO question was; "In patients with Miller Class I or II recession defects (Population), what is the effect of LLLT as adjunct to CTG (Intervention) in comparison to CTG alone (Comparison) on gingival recession depth (Outcome)" Electronic databases were searched up to December 2017...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569728/automatic-intra-operative-stitching-of-non-overlapping-cone-beam-ct-acquisitions
#12
Javad Fotouhi, Bernhard Fuerst, Mathias Unberath, Stefan Reichenstein, Sing Chun Lee, Alex A Johnson, Greg M Osgood, Mehran Armand, Nassir Navab
PURPOSE: Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) is one of the primary imaging modalities in radiation therapy, dentistry, and orthopedic interventions. While CBCT provides crucial intraoperative information, it is bounded by a limited imaging volume, resulting in reduced effectiveness. This paper introduces an approach allowing real-time intraoperative stitching of overlapping and non-overlapping CBCT volumes to enable 3D measurements on large anatomical structures. METHODS: A CBCT-capable mobile C-arm is augmented with a Red-Green-Blue-Depth (RGBD) camera...
March 23, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568015/single-dose-oral-prednisolone-and-post-operative-endodontic-pain
#13
Analia Veitz-Keenan, Debra M Ferraiolo
DesignA randomised, single centre, double blind placebo controlled clinical trial involving 400 patients.InterventionThe inclusion criteria comprised systemically healthy patients between the ages of 18 and 35 years having mandibular molars with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, radiographically normal periapical area and no pain on biting or percussion. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Ethics Committee at the School of Dentistry, Cairo University, Egypt. Patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the Department of Endodontics...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525793/zero-surgical-site-infection-in-primary-knee-arthroplasty-with-multidisciplinary-intervention-is-it-possible
#14
Zehra Çağla Karakoç, Uğur Haklar
Surgical site infections (SSI) are among the most important complications in knee arthroplasty. In this article we aim to retrospectively evaluate effects of preoperative multidisciplinary assessment and treatment of focal infections in primary knee arthroplasty patients operated by a single surgeon in a single center. A total of 93 patients undergoing 120 primary knee arthroplasty operations were included in the study. In the preoperative assessment all patients were consulted by infectious diseases, otorhinolaryngology (ENT) and dentistry departments, and female patients additionally by gynecology departments to evaluate and treat possible focal infections...
March 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512504/study-on-digital-teeth-selection-and-virtual-teeth-arrangement-for-complete-denture
#15
Xiaoling Yu, Xiaosheng Cheng, Ning Dai, Hu Chen, Changjiang Yu, Yuchun Sun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In dentistry, the complete denture is a conventional treatment for edentulous patients. The computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) has been applied on the digital complete denture which is developed rapidly. Tooth selection and arrangement is one of the most important parts in digital complete denture. In this paper, we propose a new method of personalized teeth arrangement. METHODS: This paper presents a method of arranging teeth virtually for a complete denture...
March 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509521/practice-patterns-of-dentist-anesthesiologists-in-north-america
#16
Andrew S Young, Michael W Fischer, Nicholas S Lang, Matthew R Cooke
This study provides trends in the discipline of dental anesthesiology. A questionnaire-based survey was sent to 338 members of the American Society of Dentist Anesthesiologists to evaluate practice patterns. One focus of the study was modality of sedation/anesthesia used for dentistry in North America. Age, gender, years in practice, and geographic region of practice were also obtained. Data gathered from the returned questionnaires were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and then imported into JMP Statistical Discovery Software (v12...
2018: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485557/closure-of-oroantral-communication-with-plasma-rich-fibrin-membrane
#17
Umut Demetoglu, Hakan Ocak, Suheyb Bilge
Oroantral communication (OAC) is the opening between the maxillary sinus and oral cavity. It may cause oroantral fistula or maxillary sinusitis if left untreated. The surgical closure of the OAC within 48 hours was recommended to avoid the complications like sinus infections. The aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment of OACs with plasma-rich fibrin (PRF) which is safe and easy to implement in the OACs.This study was conducted with the patients, who required the treatment of the OAC, which was developed after the posterior maxillary tooth extraction in the Dental and Maxillofacial Department of the Faculty of Dentistry in Adnan Menderes University...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483742/-two-year-outcomes-of-pulpotomy-in-primary-molars-using-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-a-retrospective-study
#18
G L Dou, N Wu, S Y Zhao, B Xia
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the two-year outcomes of primary molars pulpotomy using mineral trioxided aggregate (MTA) and to find out the potential influence factor, with the help of electronic medical record database. METHODS: Children who received primary molars pulpotomy in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from May, 2014 to November, 2015 were searched in the Electronic Medical Record Database of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, via the database for scientific research provided by the corporation of Kaientai...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480502/dental-treatment-and-caries-prevention-preceding-treatment-under-general-anaesthesia-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
M Grindefjord, J Persson, L Jansson, G Tsilingaridis
AIM: This was to examine healthy children and adolescents treated under general anaesthesia (GA) and a matched control group not receiving GA to compare treatment and preventive care received prior to GA treatment. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 71 healthy subjects and 213 age- and gender-matched control subjects. The treatment group had been consecutively referred from the Public Dental Health Service (PDS) in Stockholm to the Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Eastman Institute, Stockholm during 2006-2007...
April 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474951/teaching-of-posterior-composites-in-dental-schools-in-japan-30-years-and-beyond
#20
Mikako Hayashi, Tomomi Yamada, Christopher D Lynch, Nairn H F Wilson
OBJECTIVES: The teaching of posterior composites has been a major part of the curriculum in Japanese dental education for several decades. The aim of this paper was to investigate the current trends in the teaching of posterior composites to undergraduate dental students in Japan by comparing the results of surveys conducted for over 30 years. METHODS: In late 2016-early 2017, a questionnaire seeking information on the teaching of posterior composites was distributed via e-mail to the persons responsible for teaching operative dentistry in 29 dental schools having undergraduate dental degree programs in Japan...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
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