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Operative dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895098/brain-aluminium-accumulation-and-oxidative-stress-in-the-presence-of-calcium-silicate-dental-cements
#1
K Demirkaya, B Can Demirdöğen, Z Öncel Torun, O Erdem, E Çırak, Y M Tunca
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a calcium silicate dental cement used for various applications in dentistry. This study was undertaken to test whether the presence of three commercial brands of calcium silicate dental cements in the dental extraction socket of rats would affect the brain aluminium (Al) levels and oxidative stress parameters. Right upper incisor was extracted and polyethylene tubes filled with MTA Angelus, MTA Fillapex or Theracal LC, or left empty for the control group, were inserted into the extraction socket...
November 27, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861667/esthetic-outcome-of-implants-placed-in-fresh-extraction-sockets-by-clinicians-with-or-without-experience-a-medium-term-retrospective-evaluation
#2
Antonio Barone, Paolo Toti, Simone Marconcini, Giacomo Derchi, Marchionni Saverio, Ugo Covani
PURPOSE: This study discussed a 3-year retrospective survey of clinical and esthetic outcomes of immediate implants placed by experienced senior surgeons and residents in implant dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective chart review included patients who received single-tooth extraction and immediate implant placement at the Tuscan Stomatology Institute between 2009 and 2011. Treated independent postextraction areas were divided into two groups according to the operator's experience: expert versus nonexpert group...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829741/antibiotics-in-dental-implants-a-review-of-literature
#3
REVIEW
Hemchand Surapaneni, Pallavi Samatha Yalamanchili, Md Hafeez Basha, Sushma Potluri, Nirupa Elisetti, M V Kiran Kumar
The routine use of antibiotics in oral implant treatment seems to be widespread. The pre- or post-operative use of antibiotics in conjunction with implant surgery and its correlation with failure and success rates are poorly documented in the literature. The debate regarding overprescription of antibiotics raises the need for a critical evaluation of proper antibiotic coverage in association with implant treatment. The benefits of prophylactic antibiotics are well-recognized in dentistry. However, their routine use in the placement of endosseous dental implants remains controversial...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794161/effects-and-effectiveness-of-cavity-disinfectants-in-operative-dentistry-a-literature-review
#4
Mohammed S Bin-Shuwaish
The degree of success in the elimination of bacteria during cavity preparation and prior to the insertion of a restoration may increase the longevity of the restoration and therefore the success of the restorative procedure. The complete eradication of bacteria in a caries-affected tooth, during cavity preparation, is considered a difficult clinical task. In addition to weakening the tooth structure, attempts to excavate extensive carious tissue completely, by only mechanical procedures, may affect the vitality of the pulp...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787784/decision-making-based-on-fuzzy-aggregation-operators-for-medical-diagnosis-from-dental-x-ray-images
#5
Tran Thi Ngan, Tran Manh Tuan, Le Hoang Son, Nguyen Hai Minh, Nilanjan Dey
Medical diagnosis is considered as an important step in dentistry treatment which assists clinicians to give their decision about diseases of a patient. It has been affirmed that the accuracy of medical diagnosis, which is much influenced by the clinicians' experience and knowledge, plays an important role to effective treatment therapies. In this paper, we propose a novel decision making method based on fuzzy aggregation operators for medical diagnosis from dental X-Ray images. It firstly divides a dental X-Ray image into some segments and identified equivalent diseases by a classification method called Affinity Propagation Clustering (APC+)...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767151/new-part-time-diploma-in-operative-dentistry
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708727/masseter-muscle-activity-in-track-and-field-athletes-a-pilot-study
#7
Hideyuki Nukaga, Tomotaka Takeda, Kazunori Nakajima, Keishiro Narimatsu, Takamitsu Ozawa, Keiichi Ishigami, Kazuo Funato
Teeth clenching has been shown to improve remote muscle activity (by augmentation of the Hoffmann reflex), and joint fixation (by decreased reciprocal inhibition) in the entire body. Clenching could help maintain balance, improve systemic function, and enhance safety. Teeth clenching from a sports dentistry viewpoint was thought to be important and challenging. Therefore, it is quite important to investigate mastication muscles' activity and function during sports events for clarifying a physiological role of the mastication muscle itself and involvement of mastication muscle function in whole body movement...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694290/improving-a-dental-school-s-clinic-operations-using-lean-process-improvement
#8
Fonda G Robinson, Larry L Cunningham, Sharon P Turner, John Lindroth, Deborah Ray, Talib Khan, Audrey Yates
The term "lean production," also known as "Lean," describes a process of operations management pioneered at the Toyota Motor Company that contributed significantly to the success of the company. Although developed by Toyota, the Lean process has been implemented at many other organizations, including those in health care, and should be considered by dental schools in evaluating their clinical operations. Lean combines engineering principles with operations management and improvement tools to optimize business and operating processes...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689930/criteria-for-the-replacement-of-restorations-academy-of-operative-dentistry-european-section
#9
Nhf Wilson, C D Lynch, P A Brunton, R Hickel, H Meyer-Lueckel, S Gurgan, U Pallesen, A C Shearer, Z Tarle, E Cotti, G Vanherle, N Opdam
The replacement of a restoration is one of the most common procedures in dentistry. However, the criteria for such intervention, excluding catastrophic failure and persistent discomfort and pain, continue to be the subject of considerable debate. The decision-making process remains subjective on the part of the treating clinician, while the evidence base for refurbishment and repair rather than replacement for the management of defective and failing restorations continues to grow and strengthen. This article, prepared as an Academy of Operative Dentistry European Section consensus publication, reviews existing criteria for the replacement of restorations and encourages practitioners to shift, if not already doing so, to considering the replacement of a restoration as a last resort rather than as a prudent action to be taken if in any doubt about clinical acceptability...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689928/operative-dentistry-in-a-changing-dental-health-care-environment
#10
Njm Opdam, R Hickel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689517/platelet-rich-fibrin-prf-in-implant-dentistry-in-combination-with-new-bone-regenerative-technique-in-elderly-patients
#11
Antonio Cortese, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Antonio Borri, Mario Caggiano, Massimo Amato
INTRODUCTION: Some studies have demonstrated that platelet rich fibrin (PRF) is a healing biomaterial with a great potential for bone and soft tissue regeneration, without any inflammatory reactions and may be used alone or in combination with bone grafts, promoting hemostasis, bone growth, and maturation. PRF appears as a natural and satisfactory aid in bone regenerative surgery in elderly patients with favorable results and low risks. AIM: This study wants to demonstrate how PRF in association with a new split crest augmentation technique can be a great aid in implant rehabilitation, especially in the elderly patients, when bone regeneration is required...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671178/an-in-vitroevaluation-of-microleakage-at-the-cervical-margin-between-two-different-class-ii-restorative-techniques-using-dye-penetration-method
#12
Noor-Ul-Ain Jawaed, Syed Yawar Ali Abidi, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Qazi, Shahbaz Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the coronal microleakage of packable composite using conventional incremental and posterior bulk fill flowable composite using Smart Dentine Replacement Single Step technique in the cervical margins of class II cavities in dentine using the dye penetration method. STUDY DESIGN: In-vitroInterventional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Operative Dentistry, Dr. Ishrat-ul-Ebad Khan Institute of Oral Health Sciences (DIKIOHS), Karachi, from November 2012 to April 2013...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652358/the-role-of-platelet-count-mean-platelet-volume-and-the-mean-platelet-volume-platelet-count-ratio-in-predicting-postoperative-vomiting-in-children-after-deep-sedation
#13
Dilek G Canpolat, Fatma Dogruel, Zeynep B Gönen, Canay Yılmaz, Gokmen Zararsız, Alper Alkan
OBJECTIVES: To determine the role of hemogram parameters such as platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), and the MPV/PLT ratio in predicting the risk of postoperative vomiting (POV) in children after tooth extraction under deep sedation. METHODS: A total of 100 American Society of Anesthesiology Classification I and II pediatric patients who underwent tooth extraction procedures under a standard anesthetic method were included in the study between 2012 and 2014...
October 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633904/correlation-of-radiographic-analysis-during-initial-planning-and-tactile-perception-during-the-placement-of-implants
#14
E J Mesquita Júnior, A I Vieta, M Taba Júnior, P E P Faria
Most of the decisions made in planning treatment with implants rely on the clinician's assessment of the density of the jaw-bone. However, we know of only a few studies that have evaluated the clinicians' subjectivity and the objective quantitative methods. Our aim was to assess whether the characteristics of the bone seen on preoperative imaging are similar to the features faced during the operation. We collected data about 32 implant procedures done during the Specialisation Course for Implant Dentistry, Universidade de Ribeirão Preto, San Paulo...
September 12, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630951/comparative-evaluation-of-efficacy-of-physics-forceps-versus-conventional-forceps-in-orthodontic-extractions-a-prospective-randomized-split-mouth-study
#15
Harsh S Patel, Anil M Managutti, Shailesh Menat, Arvind Agarwal, Dishan Shah, Jigar Patel
INTRODUCTION: Tooth extraction is one of the most commonly performed procedures in dentistry. It is usually a traumatic procedure often resulting in immediate destruction and loss of alveolar bone and surrounding soft tissues. Various instruments have been described to perform atraumatic extractions which can prevent damage to the paradental structures. Recently developed physics forceps is one of the instruments which is claimed to perform atraumatic extractions. AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy of physics forceps with conventional forceps in terms of operating time, prevention of marginal bone loss & soft tissue loss, postoperative pain and postoperative complications following bilateral premolar extractions for orthodontic purpose...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617384/oral-health-education-in-children-before-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia
#16
Marie-Cécile Valéra, Isabelle Aragon, Paul Monsarrat, Fréderic Vaysse, Emmanuelle Noirrit-Esclassan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of parents towards the oral health of their children before oral rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA). STUDY DESIGN: Children receiving dental treatment under GA between November 2013 and July 2014 in the Pediatric Dentistry Department (University Hospital Center, Toulouse, France) were enrolled in an oral health preventive program. An anonymous questionnaire was self-administered by the parents during the pre-operative session...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587578/a-training-program-using-an-audience-response-system-to-calibrate-dental-faculty-members-assessing-student-clinical-competence
#17
Michael J Metz, Cynthia J Metz, Marcelo T Durski, Sean A Aiken, Theresa G Mayfield, Wei-Shao Lin
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of calibration training of departmental faculty and competency graders using an audience response system on operative dentistry concepts across 12 months. The training sessions were designed to further solidify the process and equilibration of clinical opinions among faculty members and provide a more calibrated grading assessment during patient care for student performance feedback. Four (quarterly) calibration sessions occurred over 12 months in 2015. The first session was considered the baseline (control value) for this study...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579361/study-on-the-interrater-reliability-of-an-ospe-objective-structured-practical-examination-subject-to-the-evaluation-mode-in-the-phantom-course-of-operative-dentistry
#18
Laura Schmitt, Andreas Möltner, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study presented here was to evaluate the reliability of an OSPE end-of-semester exam in the phantom course for operative dentistry in Frankfurt am Main taking into consideration different modes of evaluation (examiner's checklist versus instructor's manual) and number of examiners (three versus four). METHODS: In an historic, monocentric, comparative study, two different methods of evaluation were examined in a real end-of-semester setting held in OSPE form (Group I: exclusive use of an examiner's checklist versus Group II: use of an examiner's checklist including an instructor's manual)...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549729/undergraduate-experience-and-self-assessed-confidence-in-paediatric-dentistry-at-the-university-of-jordan-dental-school
#19
H N Sonbol, S B Abu-Ghazaleh, Z B Al-Bitar
INTRODUCTION: The aims of the study were to audit the number and types of clinical procedures completed by the undergraduate dental students in the paediatric dentistry course at the University of Jordan Dental School and to present data on self-reported confidence in a variety of aspects of paediatric dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective audit of clinical logbooks for the entire class of 120 dental students in their fifth clinical year was performed...
August 23, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540728/study-of-invasion-and-colonization-of-e-faecalis-in-microtubes-by-a-novel-device
#20
Xiaoqiang Sun, Shujing Wang, Yue Yang, Chunxiong Luo, Benxiang Hou
Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) is a species that has frequently been isolated from root canal of patients suffering from persistent periodontitis. To a great degree, the resistance of E. faecalis to irrigating solutions and intracanal medicaments is due to its invasion into the dentinal tubules. In this study, we developed a device to observe the dynamic process of the bacterial invasion into microtubes. According to the diameter of the dentinal tubules and other microstructures in the root canals, we designed four different size microtubes with different lengths in this device...
October 2016: Biomedical Microdevices
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