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Operative dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049684/the-benefit-of-a-switch-answer-changing-on-multiple-choice-exams-by-first-year-dental-students
#1
Sarah E Pagni, Anna G Bak, Steven E Eisen, Jennipher L Murphy, Matthew D Finkelman, Gerard Kugel
The aim of this study was to determine if dental students would benefit from changing their initial responses to what they have deemed to be more suitable answers during high-stakes multiple-choice examinations. Students are often advised to stay with their first answers despite evidence from other fields suggesting this is not the best course for obtaining optimal final exam scores. Data were collected for 160 first-year DMD students in fall 2013 for three operative dentistry and four biochemistry exams at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049683/predicting-performance-in-technical-preclinical-dental-courses-using-advanced-simulation
#2
Riki Gottlieb, Mary A Baechle, Charles Janus, Sharon K Lanning
The aim of this study was to investigate whether advanced simulation parameters, such as simulation exam scores, number of student self-evaluations, time to complete the simulation, and time to complete self-evaluations, served as predictors of dental students' preclinical performance. Students from three consecutive classes (n=282) at one U.S. dental school completed advanced simulation training and exams within the first four months of their dental curriculum. The students then completed conventional preclinical instruction and exams in operative dentistry (OD) and fixed prosthodontics (FP) courses, taken during the first and second years of dental school, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049682/effect-of-a-pilot-preclinical-incentive-program-on-dental-students-performance-on-a-clinical-competency-exam
#3
Gregory M Schuster, Ronald J Hunt, Harold J Haering
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a pilot preclinical incentive program on dental students' performance on a clinical competency (mock board) exam at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona. To assess the effect of preclinical grade incentives in a program called SUCCEED, scores from a clinical competency exam administered during the fall quarter of the fourth year were compared between the graduating classes of 2014 and 2015 (pre-SUCCEED curriculum) and the graduating class of 2016 (post-SUCCEED curriculum)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049673/dental-students-reflections-on-quality-of-periodontal-care-in-dental-school-clinics
#4
Sangeetha Chandrasekaran, Charles Powell, Laurice De la Rosa, Anuj Mittal, Lonnie Johnson
The aim of this study was to analyze dental students' descriptions of and reflections on the periodontal care they provided for their patients in dental school clinics. All students enrolled in the final year of the DDS program in 2011-14 at the University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine were required to complete a self-assessment of the periodontal care they provided for patients. Assessments from 263 students were compiled and qualitatively analyzed. The key reasons given for not providing good care were identified and then stratified as student/school-dependent or patient-dependent factors...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032046/parents-satisfaction-with-pediatric-dental-care-provided-by-dental-college-riyadh
#5
Manal A AlMutairi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the level of parents' satisfaction with pediatric dental care provided by dental students at the College of Dentistry and explore the factors associated with various parents' demographics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among parents (n = 150) whose children received dental care in dental colleges in King Saud University (KSU) in Riyadh. The parents were asked to fill a self-administered dental satisfaction questionnaire between Februry and April 2016...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028971/assessment-of-pain-when-uncovering-implants-with-er-yag-laser-or-scalpel-for-second-stage-surgery
#6
Jacek Matys, Marzena Dominiak
BACKGROUND: Different methods aimed at decreasing pain during some soft tissue procedures in dentistry are still under research. Modern devices as lasers could be a method to reduce the pain and duration of second stage implant surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess the pain and the impression quality when uncovering implants with a laser and with a scalpel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis included 60 implants (Dentium SuperLine, Suwon, Korea) in 30 patients (23 women and 7 men) aged 25-69...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000038/management-of-pulps-exposed-during-carious-tissue-removal-in-adults-a-multi-national-questionnaire-based-survey
#7
Lina Stangvaltaite, Falk Schwendicke, Christopher Holmgren, Marion Finet, Marisa Maltz, Karim Elhennawy, Eero Kerosuo, Sophie Doméjean
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare the management of pulps exposed during carious tissue removal by French, German, and Norwegian general dental practitioners (GDPs). We further aimed to assess possible dentist- and patient-related factors associated with these management decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A structured questionnaire was send via mail to a simple random sample of dentists. RESULTS: The analyzed sample consisted of 661 (33%) French GDPs, 622 (25%) German GDPs, and 199 (34%) Norwegian GDPs...
December 20, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975042/predictive-values-derived-from-lower-wisdom-teeth-developmental-stages-on-orthopantomograms-to-calculate-the-chronological-age-in-adolescence-and-young-adults-as-a-prerequisite-to-obtain-age-adjusted-informed-patient-consent-prior-to-elective-surgical-procedures
#8
Reinhard E Friedrich, Kirsten Schmidt, András Treszl, Jan F Kersten
Introduction: Surgical procedures require informed patient consent, which is mandatory prior to any procedure. These requirements apply in particular to elective surgical procedures. The communication with the patient about the procedure has to be comprehensive and based on mutual understanding. Furthermore, the informed consent has to take into account whether a patient is of legal age. As a result of large-scale migration, there are eventually patients planned for medical procedures, whose chronological age can't be assessed reliably by physical inspection alone...
2016: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958250/a-novel-quantitative-light-induced-fluorescence-device-for-monitoring-molar-incisor-hypomineralization
#9
B Durmus, A Durhan, B Gökkaya, B Kıtıki, F Yanıkoğlu, B Kargül
BACKGROUND: The FluoreCam system is based on an innovative approach to the quantification of enamel health termed fluorescence enamel imaging (FEI). Enamel is both highly mineralized and semi-translucent. Because of its mineral composition, enamel will fluoresce when exposed to certain light wavelengths. The semi-translucent nature of enamel results in different enamel densities emitting different levels of fluorescence. As a result, with FEI technology, one can measure the density of tooth enamel by measuring its fluorescence when subjected to specific light wavelengths...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935913/forensic-odontology-a-boon-to-community-in-medico-legal-affairs
#10
R Chidambaram
Forensic odontology is a sub-discipline of dental science which involves the relationship between dentistry and the law. The specialty of forensic odontology is applied in radiographic investigation, human bite marks analysis, anthropologic examination and during mass disasters. Besides the fact that radiographs require pretentious laboratory, it is still claimed to be a facile, rapid, non-invasive method of age identification in the deceased. The budding DNA technology has conquered the traditional procedures and currently being contemplated as chief investigating tool in revealing the hidden mysteries of victims and suspects, especially in hopeless circumstances...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895098/brain-aluminium-accumulation-and-oxidative-stress-in-the-presence-of-calcium-silicate-dental-cements
#11
K Demirkaya, B Can Demirdöğen, Z Öncel Torun, O Erdem, E Çırak, Y M Tunca
Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a calcium silicate dental cement used for various applications in dentistry. This study was undertaken to test whether the presence of three commercial brands of calcium silicate dental cements in the dental extraction socket of rats would affect the brain aluminium (Al) levels and oxidative stress parameters. Right upper incisor was extracted and polyethylene tubes filled with MTA Angelus, MTA Fillapex or Theracal LC, or left empty for the control group, were inserted into the extraction socket...
November 27, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861667/esthetic-outcome-of-implants-placed-in-fresh-extraction-sockets-by-clinicians-with-or-without-experience-a-medium-term-retrospective-evaluation
#12
Antonio Barone, Paolo Toti, Simone Marconcini, Giacomo Derchi, Marchionni Saverio, Ugo Covani
PURPOSE: This study discussed a 3-year retrospective survey of clinical and esthetic outcomes of immediate implants placed by experienced senior surgeons and residents in implant dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective chart review included patients who received single-tooth extraction and immediate implant placement at the Tuscan Stomatology Institute between 2009 and 2011. Treated independent postextraction areas were divided into two groups according to the operator's experience: expert versus nonexpert group...
November 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829741/antibiotics-in-dental-implants-a-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Hemchand Surapaneni, Pallavi Samatha Yalamanchili, Md Hafeez Basha, Sushma Potluri, Nirupa Elisetti, M V Kiran Kumar
The routine use of antibiotics in oral implant treatment seems to be widespread. The pre- or post-operative use of antibiotics in conjunction with implant surgery and its correlation with failure and success rates are poorly documented in the literature. The debate regarding overprescription of antibiotics raises the need for a critical evaluation of proper antibiotic coverage in association with implant treatment. The benefits of prophylactic antibiotics are well-recognized in dentistry. However, their routine use in the placement of endosseous dental implants remains controversial...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794161/effects-and-effectiveness-of-cavity-disinfectants-in-operative-dentistry-a-literature-review
#14
Mohammed S Bin-Shuwaish
The degree of success in the elimination of bacteria during cavity preparation and prior to the insertion of a restoration may increase the longevity of the restoration and therefore the success of the restorative procedure. The complete eradication of bacteria in a caries-affected tooth, during cavity preparation, is considered a difficult clinical task. In addition to weakening the tooth structure, attempts to excavate extensive carious tissue completely, by only mechanical procedures, may affect the vitality of the pulp...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787784/decision-making-based-on-fuzzy-aggregation-operators-for-medical-diagnosis-from-dental-x-ray-images
#15
Tran Thi Ngan, Tran Manh Tuan, Le Hoang Son, Nguyen Hai Minh, Nilanjan Dey
Medical diagnosis is considered as an important step in dentistry treatment which assists clinicians to give their decision about diseases of a patient. It has been affirmed that the accuracy of medical diagnosis, which is much influenced by the clinicians' experience and knowledge, plays an important role to effective treatment therapies. In this paper, we propose a novel decision making method based on fuzzy aggregation operators for medical diagnosis from dental X-Ray images. It firstly divides a dental X-Ray image into some segments and identified equivalent diseases by a classification method called Affinity Propagation Clustering (APC+)...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767151/new-part-time-diploma-in-operative-dentistry
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708727/masseter-muscle-activity-in-track-and-field-athletes-a-pilot-study
#17
Hideyuki Nukaga, Tomotaka Takeda, Kazunori Nakajima, Keishiro Narimatsu, Takamitsu Ozawa, Keiichi Ishigami, Kazuo Funato
Teeth clenching has been shown to improve remote muscle activity (by augmentation of the Hoffmann reflex), and joint fixation (by decreased reciprocal inhibition) in the entire body. Clenching could help maintain balance, improve systemic function, and enhance safety. Teeth clenching from a sports dentistry viewpoint was thought to be important and challenging. Therefore, it is quite important to investigate mastication muscles' activity and function during sports events for clarifying a physiological role of the mastication muscle itself and involvement of mastication muscle function in whole body movement...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694290/improving-a-dental-school-s-clinic-operations-using-lean-process-improvement
#18
Fonda G Robinson, Larry L Cunningham, Sharon P Turner, John Lindroth, Deborah Ray, Talib Khan, Audrey Yates
The term "lean production," also known as "Lean," describes a process of operations management pioneered at the Toyota Motor Company that contributed significantly to the success of the company. Although developed by Toyota, the Lean process has been implemented at many other organizations, including those in health care, and should be considered by dental schools in evaluating their clinical operations. Lean combines engineering principles with operations management and improvement tools to optimize business and operating processes...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689930/criteria-for-the-replacement-of-restorations-academy-of-operative-dentistry-european-section
#19
Nhf Wilson, C D Lynch, P A Brunton, R Hickel, H Meyer-Lueckel, S Gurgan, U Pallesen, A C Shearer, Z Tarle, E Cotti, G Vanherle, N Opdam
The replacement of a restoration is one of the most common procedures in dentistry. However, the criteria for such intervention, excluding catastrophic failure and persistent discomfort and pain, continue to be the subject of considerable debate. The decision-making process remains subjective on the part of the treating clinician, while the evidence base for refurbishment and repair rather than replacement for the management of defective and failing restorations continues to grow and strengthen. This article, prepared as an Academy of Operative Dentistry European Section consensus publication, reviews existing criteria for the replacement of restorations and encourages practitioners to shift, if not already doing so, to considering the replacement of a restoration as a last resort rather than as a prudent action to be taken if in any doubt about clinical acceptability...
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689928/operative-dentistry-in-a-changing-dental-health-care-environment
#20
Njm Opdam, R Hickel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Operative Dentistry
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