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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105582/-control-of-opisthorchis-viverrini-infection-for-cholangiocarcinoma-prevention
#1
Y Buisson
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified two liver flukes as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1): Opisthorchis viverrini in 1994 and Clonorchis sinensis in 2009. This review is focused on O. viverrini, the most studied of these two trematodes, which infects nearly 10 million people in Southeast Asia. The life cycle involves two intermediate hosts living in fresh water: a snail of the genus Bithynia and a ciprinid fish. The definitive hosts (human, cat, dog) become infected by ingesting raw fish containing metacercariae, the infective stage of the parasite...
January 19, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103660/-two-cases-of-urinary-retention-with-prostatic-abscess-drained-by-transurethral-resection
#2
Yoshinori Matsuda, Takamitsu Inoue, Shuji Chiba, Takehiro Suzuki, Tomonori Habuchi
A 58-year-old male with alcoholic liver cirrhosis and a 58-year-old male with diabetes mellitus presented with high fever and urinary retention. Prostatic abscess was diagnosed by a computed tomography scan, which showed fluid collection in the prostate in both patients. Despite systematic antibiotic therapies, urinary retention persisted even after fever diminished. They underwent prostatic abscess drainage by transurethral resection (TUR). Urinary retention was released, and the recurrence of prostatic abscess has not been observed after TUR...
December 2016: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101303/efficacy-of-multiple-biliary-stenting-for-refractory-benign-biliary-strictures-due-to-chronic-calcifying-pancreatitis
#3
Hiroshi Ohyama, Rintaro Mikata, Takeshi Ishihara, Yuji Sakai, Harutoshi Sugiyama, Shin Yasui, Toshio Tsuyuguchi
AIM: To investigate endoscopic therapy efficacy for refractory benign biliary strictures (BBS) with multiple biliary stenting and clarify predictors. METHODS: Ten consecutive patients with stones in the pancreatic head and BBS due to chronic pancreatitis who underwent endoscopic therapy were evaluated. Endoscopic insertion of a single stent failed in all patients. We used plastic stents (7F, 8.5F, and 10F) and increased stents at intervals of 2 or 3 mo. Stents were removed approximately 1 year after initial stenting...
January 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100999/colorectal-cancer-associated-with-streptococcus-anginosus-bacteremia-and-liver-abscesses
#4
Umair Masood, Anuj Sharma, Dhruv Lowe, Rashad Khan, Divey Manocha
Streptococcus anginosus is part of the normal flora of the human gastrointestinal tract. Their ability to cause abscesses is very unique and sets them apart from the rest of the streptococci groups. While an association of group D streptococcus bacteremia and endocarditis with colorectal carcinoma is well established, S. anginosus infections are rarely implicated with colonic malignancy. We present a case of a 62-year-old male who presented to the hospital with fatigue and generalized abdominal pain. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed multiple liver abscesses and rectal thickening...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096994/multiple-liver-abscesses-and-bacteremia-caused-by-streptococcus-constellatus-infection-a-case-report
#5
Nobuhiro Akuzawa, Takashi Hatori, Yonosuke Kitahara, Masahiko Kurabayashi
The Streptococcus milleri group (SMG) comprises commensal mucosal bacteria. Pyogenic liver abscesses due to hematogenous SMG infection are rare but can be observed even in healthy patients. In such cases, physicians should consider the existence of primary lesions that allow penetration of the SMG.
January 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092257/-chilaiditi-s-sign-and-syndrome-case-report
#6
César Raúl Aguilar-García, Jesús García-Acosta
The interposition of a portion of the colon between the liver and the diaphragm is called Chilaiditi sign and discovered incidentally during radiological study for other reasons and usually asymptomatic presentation. When the discovery is accompanied by clinical symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, constipation called Chilaiditi Syndrome. The Chilaiditi sign is a very rare condition, and the Chilaiditi syndrome is even more, especially if associated with other acute diseases. We report the case of a man of 41 years was admitted with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, difficulty was diagnosed with radiographic and tomographic images making the differential diagnosis with lung abscess and diaphragmatic hernia...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089176/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-an-unusual-hepatic-tumor-mimicking-liver-abscess
#7
Yan-Wen Jin, Fu-Yu Li, Nan-Sheng Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087959/a-study-on-hla-dr-dq-typing-in-adult-malay-patients-with-acute-amoebic-liver-abscess
#8
Z Nazli, N M S Azira, M Zeehaida, Z Nik Zairi, Y Nurul Khaiza, Y Maya Mazuwin
INTRODUCTION: Amoebiasis is a parasitic disease caused by Entamoeba histolytica that may lead to death in developing countries. Few important risk factors have been identified in the development of amoebic liver abscess (ALA). There are limited reports that suggest an association between antigens of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) particularly class II antigens and ALA development. This present work aimed at studying the possible association of HLA antigens with ALA and disease severity...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079538/antimicrobial-therapy-for-pyogenic-liver-abscess-secondary-to-streptococcus-intermedius-bacteremia
#9
Rukma Parthvi, Mohsena Amin, Sunil Mehra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068928/newly-recognized-cerebral-infarctions-on-postmortem-imaging-a-report-of-three-cases-with-systemic-infectious-disease
#10
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061872/amoebic-liver-abscess-in-northern-sri-lanka-first-report-of-immunological-and-molecular-confirmation-of-aetiology
#11
Selvam Kannathasan, Arumugam Murugananthan, Thirunavukarasu Kumanan, Devika Iddawala, Nilanthi Renuka de Silva, Nadarajah Rajeshkannan, Rashidul Haque
BACKGROUND: Since 1985, amoebic liver abscess (ALA) has been a public health problem in northern Sri Lanka. Clinicians arrive at a diagnosis based on clinical and ultrasonographic findings, which cannot differentiate pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) from ALA. As the treatment and outcome of the ALA and PLA differs, determining the etiological agent is crucial. METHODS: All clinically diagnosed ALA patients admitted to the Teaching Hospital (TH) in Jaffna during the study period were included and the clinical features, haematological parameters, and ultrasound scanning findings were obtained...
January 7, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056351/an-unusual-cause-of-a-recurrent-liver-abscess-in-a-young-boy
#12
L G Draijer, J M van den Berg, B G P Koot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056067/prevention-of-evisceration-or-enucleation-in-endogenous-bacterial-panophthalmitis-with-no-light-perception-and-scleral-abscess
#13
Kuan-Jen Chen, Yen-Po Chen, An-Ning Chao, Nan-Kai Wang, Wei-Chi Wu, Chi-Chun Lai, Tun-Lu Chen
Panophthalmitis is the most extensive ocular involvement in endophthalmitis with inflammation in periocular tissues. Severe inflammation of the anterior and posterior segments is frequently accompanied by corneal opacity, scleral abscess, and perforation or rupture. Enucleation or evisceration was the only remaining viable treatment option when all options to salvage the eye had been exhausted. The purpose of this retrospective study is to examine the outcomes of patients with endogenous bacterial panophthalmitis, no light perception and scleral abscess who were treated with multiple intravitreal and periocular injections of antibiotics and dexamethasone...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052950/sepsis-and-siderosis-yersinia-enterocolitica-and-hereditary-haemochromatosis
#14
Phoebe A Thwaites, Marion L Woods
A 60-year-old woman was admitted with sepsis, relative bradycardia, CT evidence of numerous small liver abscesses and 'skin bronzing' consistent with hereditary haemochromatosis (HH). Yersinia enterocolitica O:9 infection was confirmed by serology specimens taken 10 days apart. Iron overload was detected, and homozygous C282Y gene mutation confirmed HH. Liver biopsy revealed grade IV siderosis with micronodular cirrhosis. Haemochromatosis is a common, inherited disorder leading to iron overload that can produce end-organ damage from excess iron deposition...
January 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050433/primary-liver-abscess-with-anterior-abdominal-wall-extension-caused-by-mycobacteriumtuberculosis-complex
#15
Jayashri Sanjay Pandya, Rahul Vilas Kandekar, Ajeet Ramamani Tiwari, Rahul Kadam, Devbrata Radhikamohan Adhikari
Tubercular liver abscess is generally secondary to some other primary foci in the body, most notably pulmonary and gastrointestinal system. To find primary tubercular liver abscess is rare, with prevalence of 0.34% in patients with hepatic tuberculosis. Abscess tracking into abdominal wall from spinal and para spinal tuberculosis is known, however primary liver tuberculosis rupturing into anterior abdominal wall has been reported only twice in literature. We report a case of 43-year-old female with direct invasion of the anterior abdominal wall from an isolated tubercular parenchymal liver abscess, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, diagnosed primarily on smear for Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB), imaging and isolated by culture and BACTEC MGIT 960 KIT...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050045/liver-abscess-and-metastatic-endophthalmitis-secondary-to-klebsiella-pneumoniae-k1
#16
Kao-Lang Liu, Hsin-Yuan Sun, Chi-Tai Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041687/hepatobronchial-fistula-a-rare-complication-of-liver-abscess
#17
Martín Varela Vega, Federico Durán, Nicolás Geribaldi, Gonzalo San Martín, Alejandro Ettlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 29, 2016: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036272/chemoembolization-of-liver-cancer-with-drug-loading-microsphere-50-100%C3%AE-m
#18
Jun-Hui Sun, Guan-Hui Zhou, Yue-Lin Zhang, Chun-Hui Nie, Tan-Yang Zhou, Jing Ai, Tong-Yin Zhu, Wei-Lin Wang, Shu-Sen Zheng
Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the mainstay of treatment for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The efficacy of conventional TACE (cTACE) in liver metastases is not satisfactory, which might be due to the fact of embolic material used. Recently, as a new type of drug-loading microsphere, HepaSphere has been introduced in China. In this study, there were total 30 patients (18 males and 12 females) with liver cancer underwent embolization with Hepasphere microsphere. And a total of 44 TACE procedures were performed using 50-100μm HepaSphere...
December 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030494/traumatic-colon-injury-in-damage-control-laparotomy-a-multicenter-trial-is-it-safe-to-do-a-delayed-anastomosis
#19
Leah Tatebe, Andrew Jennings, Ken Tatebe, Alexandra Handy, Purvi Prajapati, Michael Smith, Tai Do, Gerald O Ogola, Rajesh R Gandhi, Therese M Duane, Stephen Luk, Laura B Petrey
BACKGROUND: Delayed colonic anastomosis after damage control laparotomy (DCL) is an alternative to colostomies during a single laparotomy (SL) in high-risk patients. However, literature suggests increased colonic leak rates up to 27% with DCL, and various reported risk factors. We evaluated our regional experience to determine if delayed colonic anastomosis was associated with worse outcomes. METHODS: A multi-center retrospective cohort study was performed across three Level I Trauma Centers encompassing traumatic colon injuries from January 2006 through June 2014...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030342/molecular-diagnosis-of-entamoeba-spp-versus-microscopy-in-the-great-cairo
#20
Mohamed H Roshdy, Nour M Abd El-Kader, Marwa Ali-Tammam, Isabel Fuentes, Magdy M Mohamed, Nabila A El-Sheikh, Jose Miguel Rubio
Amoebiasis is a human disease produced by Entamoeba histolytica which causes widespread mortality and morbidity worldwide through diarrheal disease and abscess establishment in parenchymal tissues such as liver, lung, and brain. The true prevalence of infection is unknown for most areas of the world due to the difficulty to characterise Entamoeba histolytica versus other non-pathogenic amoebas with identical morphology, as Entamoeba dispar, and Entamoeba moshkovskii. To overcome microscopy misidentification issues, we tested a nested multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a real-time PCR on 194 stool samples collected from incoming dysentery patients in Cairo hospitals diagnosed with E...
March 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
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