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liver abscess*

Kyawzaw Lin, Emmanuel Ofori, Aung Naing Lin, Sithu Lin, Thinzar Lin, Ameer Rasheed, Viswanath Vasudevan, Madhavi Reddy
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease presenting from mild localized inflammation to severe infected necrotic pancreatic tissue. In the literature, there are a few cases of hypothermia-induced AP. However, the association between hypothermia and AP is still a myth. Generally, mortality from acute pancreatitis is nearly 3-6%. Here, we present a 40-year-old chronic alcoholic female who presented with acute pancreatitis induced by transient hypothermia. A 40-year-old chronic alcoholic female was hypothermic at 81°F on arrival which was improved to 91...
May 2018: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
Muhammad Bader Hammami, Elizabeth M Noonan, Anuj Chhaparia, Feras Al Khatib, Juri Bassuner, Christine Hachem
Pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) develop from the spread of infection through the portal circulation, biliary infections or arterial hematogenous seeding in the setting of systemic infections. PLA are often poly-microbial and are uncommonly reported to be due to anaerobic species. We report the case of a previously healthy, immunocompetent 63-year-old man with hepatic abscesses as a result of Fusobacterium nucleatum periodontal disease. In addition, a systemic review of the literature is performed. Fusobacterium is a very rare cause of PLA in immunocompetent hosts with only a handful of cases reported in the literature...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
Zhihui Chang, Hairui Wang, Beibei Li, Zhaoyu Liu, Jiahe Zheng
Purpose: To explore the metabolic characterization of host responses to drainage-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscesses (DRKPLAs) with serum 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Materials and Methods: The hospital records of all patients with a diagnosis of a liver abscess between June 2015 and December 2016 were retrieved from an electronic hospital database. Eighty-six patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae ( K. pneumoniae ) liver abscesses who underwent percutaneous drainage were identified...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Jayakrishna Chintanaboina, Abraham Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: VideoGIE: an official video journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Meiling Zhang, Long Pan, Dong Xu, Chuanwu Cao, Rongfeng Shi, Shilong Han, Junping Liu, Xue Li, Maoquan Li
The incidence of Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess (KPLA) has increased in a number of Asian countries over the past 30 years. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for KPLA. The prevalence and clinical features of KPLA in patients with and without DM have been well described; however, the underlying molecular mechanism responsible for the increased incidence of KPLA in patients with DM remains unclear. In the present study, a mouse model of DM was constructed and mice were infected with K. pneumoniae ...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Eric J G Pollitt, Piotr T Szkuta, Nicola Burns, Simon J Foster
Staphylococcus aureus is a human commensal that can also cause systemic infections. This transition requires evasion of the immune response and the ability to exploit different niches within the host. However, the disease mechanisms and the dominant immune mediators against infection are poorly understood. Previously it has been shown that the infecting S. aureus population goes through a population bottleneck, from which very few bacteria escape to establish the abscesses that are characteristic of many infections...
June 14, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Joo Hyung Lee, Hyung Sun Kim, Ji Sub Kim, Dong Ki Lee, Jin Hong Lim
RATIONALE: Immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-related pseudotumors of the liver are very rare diseases that are difficult to distinguish from malignant tumors. They can be usually improved by steroid therapy. Actinomycosis is a chronic, suppurative, granulomatous infection, for which immune suppression is a predisposing factor. It can also mimic malignant tumors. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 67-year-old man presented with mild abdominal discomfort and a 5-kg weight loss for 3 months...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Göksen Çeçen, Esra K Buyukcangaz, Ülke G Çalışkan, Taci I Cangul, Ezgi Akdesir
  This study presents the clinical findings, treatment results, and gross pathology of Trueperella pyogenes-associated interdigital necrobacillosis in captive goitered gazelles ( Gazella subgutturosa). Four male and two female gazelles presented with weight loss, front limb swelling, and persistent lameness despite antibiotic treatment. The animals were reluctant to bear weight on the affected limbs, and the diagnosis of interdigital necrobacillosis was made based on physical exam, bacteriologic evaluation, and radiographic imaging...
June 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Florentina Paraschiv, Gabriel Adrian Popescu, Alina Maria Borcan
Introduction: Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess syndrome (KLAS) is characterized by bacteraemia, liver abscesses and metastatic infection caused by a hypervirulent strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae , usually belonging to the capsular serotype K1 or K2. Initially, KLAS was described in Eastern Asia; recently isolated cases have been reported from different parts of the world. Case presentation: We describe the case of a woman with KLAS including meningeal, ocular and cutaneous metastatic infection and organ dysfunctions (coagulation abnormalities, thrombocytopenia and increased creatinine level)...
May 2018: JMM Case Reports
H C Müller, C L van Bibber-Krueger, J S Drouillard
Liver abscesses (LA) in cattle negatively affect feedlot performance by decreasing ADG, feed intake, and G:F ratio. Abscessed livers are condemned and abdominal adhesions associated with LA can result in extensive carcass trimming during harvest, further compounding adverse economic impact. Given regulatory changes pertaining to the use of in-feed antibiotics in cattle production, there is growing interest in alternatives to antibiotics for LA control. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of antioxidants, crystalline ascorbate and alpha tocopherol acetate, for mitigation of LA in feedlot cattle...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Keisuke Takemura, Satoru Sekoguchi, Satoki Yamane, Katsutoshi Yamaguchi, Tatsuro Oaku, Yuma Hotta, Nobuhisa Yamada, Yutaka Isozaki, Yasuyuki Nagao, Hirokazu Oyamada, Kazuki Maeda, Tetsuya Itou
An 80-year-old man had a medical history of chronic hepatitis C and pancreatoduodenectomy. We detected recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma, and performed transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, instead of radiofrequency ablation or surgery, because of the patient's medical history of bile duct reconstruction and liver dysfunction. On the second day, he was diagnosed with a gas-forming liver abscess and underwent liver abscess drainage. Clostridium perfringens and sordellii were detected by aspiration and the blood culture...
2018: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
X R Peng, Y Lu, M H Zhang, L T Li, X B Xie, J Y Gong, J S Wang
Objective: To explore the relationship between genotype and phenotype of ABCB11 deficiency. Methods: Clinical data of two siblings with ABCB11 deficiency were retrospectively analyzed. Related literature from PubMed, CNKI and Wangfang databases was reviewed to date (up to August 2017) with 'ABCB11 gene' or 'bile salt export pump', 'cholestasis' and 'child' as key words. Results: The patients were siblings. Both of them presented as jaundice, pruritus and hepatosplenomegaly since 3 days after birth. Significant laboratory findings on admission of the older sister included high total bilirubin, 170 µmol/L;conjugated bilirubin, 115...
June 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Sharmini Su Sivarajah, Sabir Shahzard, Chew Min Hoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2018: Gastroenterology
Jiannan Li, Weiguo Xu, Di Li, Tongjun Liu, Yu Shrike Zhang, Jianxun Ding, Xuesi Chen
With unsatisfactory effects of systemic chemotherapy for treatment of unresectable or advanced hepatoma, local and sustained delivery of chemotherapeutic agents is becoming a promising solution. The in situ administrated platforms increase the drug concentrations in tumor regions, decrease the side effects to organs, prevent the damages of vascular endothelium, and reduce the frequency of drug administration. The prevalent strategy based on minimally invasive transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) oftentimes induces upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, liver failure, and liver abscess...
June 6, 2018: ACS Nano
David Benjamin Ellebrecht, Dirk Theisen-Kunde, Christiane Kuempers, Tobias Keck, Markus Kleemann, Heike Wolken
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a highly prevalent and lethal primary neoplasia of the liver and metastases of other malignancies affect most frequently the liver. Minimally invasive surgical approach for liver resections is advancing. Dissection of liver parenchyma by laparoscopic technique remains challenging and new technologies are in need. Therefore, we asked whether it is feasible to dissect liver tissue comparably in terms of speed and hemostasis with a non-contact 1.9-µm cw-laser device and whether there are differences in the postoperative healing process compared to a gold standard device (ultrasound aspirator) in an experimental model...
June 4, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Muzzafar Zaman, Kunal Chowdhary, Gurinder Kaur, Aliya Shah
Objectives: Amoebiasisis a common parasitic infection and fulminant amoebic colitis remains a very rare complication of this disease. The objective of the present study was to find the incidence and outcome of perforation peritonitis due to amoebic colitis in MMIMSR, Mullana, Ambala, India. Material and methods: 200 patients with perforation peritonitis were studied retrospectively, out of which 22 cases had colonic perforation, were selected over a period of five years, between 2012 to 2017, at MMIMSR Mullana...
March 2018: Mædica
Muddasir Hassan Abbasi, Sana Fatima, Muhammad Babar Khawar, Shah Jahan, Nadeem Sheikh
This study was aimed to find histological changes in the extrahepatic organs, hepatic iron deposition, and gene expression of some iron regulatory proteins in rats after sterile muscle abscess during the acute intoxication of Nerium oleander leaves decoction. 10 ml/kg of the leaves extract was injected intramuscularly in Wistar rats (200-225 g, n = 4). Control animals received saline injection of matched volume. Animals were anesthetized and sacrificed after 3, 6, 12, and 24 h after administration of decoction...
2018: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Luis O Tedeschi, Milton A Gorocica-Buenfil
The judicious use of commercial products in livestock operations can be part of a sustainable and environmentally friendly production scenario. This study was designed to gather published data of virginiamycin (VM) used in feedlot conditions of the United States and analyze its effectiveness and optimum dosage in reducing the liver abscess incidence (LAI). The dataset contained 26 studies that evaluated more than 7,156 animals of diverse breeds fed in several regions in the United States under different management...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
B Mohidin, S F Green, S Duggineni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Qi Wang, Michael Hodavance, James Ronald, Paul V Suhocki, Charles Y Kim
PURPOSE: To assess the incidence of biliary complications, cholecystitis, and abscess formation in HCC patients following transarterial embolization (TAE) using particles mixed with concentrated antibiotics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of HCC patients treated with embolization over a 10-year period revealed 499 procedures in 257 patients. TAE was performed with particles mixed with concentrated antibiotics in addition to IV antibiotics. All follow-up imaging after treatment was retrospectively reviewed for the development of bilomas, biliary strictures, acute cholecystitis, and hepatic abscess...
May 24, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
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