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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792372/sativex%C3%A2-as-add-on-therapy-vs-further-optimized-first-line-antispastics-savant-in-resistant-multiple-sclerosis-spasticity-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomised-clinical-trial
#1
Jolana Markovà, Ute Essner, Bülent Akmaz, Marcella Marinelli, Christiane Trompke, Arnd Lentschat, Carlos Vila Silván
Purpose/aim: To evaluate the efficacy of tetrahydrocannabinol [THC]:cannabidiol [CBD] oromucosal spray (Sativex®) as add-on therapy to optimized standard antispasticity treatment in patients with moderate to severe multiple sclerosis (MS) spasticity. METHODS: Sativex as Add-on therapy Vs. further optimized first-line ANTispastics (SAVANT) was a two-phase trial. In Phase A, eligible patients received add-on THC:CBD spray for 4 weeks to identify initial responders (≥ 20% improvement from baseline in spasticity 0-10 numerical rating scale [NRS] score)...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791516/the-relevance-of-restrained-eating-behavior-for-circadian-eating-patterns-in-adolescents
#2
Stefanie A J Koch, Ute Alexy, Tanja Diederichs, Anette E Buyken, Sarah Roßbach
BACKGROUND: Restrained Eating, i.e. the tendency to restrict dietary intake to control body-weight, often emerges during adolescence and may result in changes in circadian eating patterns. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present investigation was to determine the cross-sectional relevance of restrained eating for characteristics of circadian eating pattern in adolescents and whether changes in restrained eating are accompanied by concurrent changes in circadian eating pattern over the course of adolescence...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789893/-integration-of-sex-gender-into-environmental-health-research-results-of-the-interdisciplinary-research-network-sex-gender-environment-health-geumge-net
#3
REVIEW
Gabriele Bolte, Madlen David, Małgorzata Dębiak, Lotta Fiedel, Claudia Hornberg, Marike Kolossa-Gehring, Ute Kraus, Rebecca Lätzsch, Tatjana Paeck, Kerstin Palm, Alexandra Schneider
The comprehensive consideration of sex/gender in health research is essential to increase relevance and validity of research results. Contrary to other areas of health research, there is no systematic summary of the current state of research on the significance of sex/gender in environmental health. Within the interdisciplinary research network Sex/Gender-Environment-Health (GeUmGe-NET) the current state of integration of sex/gender aspects or, respectively, gender theoretical concepts into research was systematically assessed within selected topics of the research areas environmental toxicology, environmental medicine, environmental epidemiology and public health research on environment and health...
May 22, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787578/mth1-driven-expression-of-htdp-43-results-in-typical-als-ftld-neuropathological-symptoms
#4
Barbara Scherz, Roland Rabl, Stefanie Flunkert, Siegfried Rohler, Joerg Neddens, Nicole Taub, Magdalena Temmel, Ute Panzenboeck, Vera Niederkofler, Robert Zimmermann, Birgit Hutter-Paier
Transgenic mouse models are indispensable tools to mimic human diseases and analyze the effectiveness of related new drugs. For a long time amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) research depended on only a few mouse models that exhibit a very strong and early phenotype, e.g. SOD1 mice, resulting in a short treatment time window. By now, several models are available that need to be characterized to highlight characteristics of each model. Here we further characterized the mThy1-hTDP-43 transgenic mouse model TAR6/6 that overexpresses wild type human TARDBP, also called TDP-43, under control of the neuronal Thy-1 promoter presented by Wils and colleagues, 2010, by using biochemical, histological and behavioral readouts...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785584/interferon-free-therapy-in-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-monoinfected-and-hcv-hiv-coinfected-patients-effect-on-cognitive-function-fatigue-and-mental-health
#5
Felix Kleefeld, Sophie Heller, Patrick Ingiliz, Heiko Jessen, Anders Petersen, Ute Kopp, Antje Kraft, Katrin Hahn
The efficacy and safety of interferon-free therapies for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection have been reported. Considering the accumulating evidence for a direct central nervous system infection by HCV, we aim to evaluate the effect of direct acting antivirals (DAA) therapy on cognitive function in HCV patients. We conducted a longitudinal analysis of the cognitive performance of 22 patients (8 HCV+, 14 HCV+/HIV+) who completed neuropsychological testing at baseline and at week 12 after DAA therapy. In 20 patients, we analyzed specific attention parameters derived from an experimental testing based on the Theory of Visual Attention (TVA)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785144/the-neuropsychology-of-emerging-psychosis-and-the-role-of-working-memory-in-episodic-memory-encoding
#6
Marlon O Pflueger, Pasquale Calabrese, Erich Studerus, Ronan Zimmermann, Ute Gschwandtner, Stefan Borgwardt, Jacqueline Aston, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz, Anita Riecher-Rössler
Background: Episodic memory encoding and working memory (WM) deficits are among the first cognitive signs and symptoms in the course of schizophrenia spectrum disorders. However, it is not clear whether the deficit pattern is generalized or specific in nature. We hypothesized that encoding deficits at an early stage of the disease might be due to the more fundamental WM deficits. Methods: We examined episodic memory encoding and WM by administering the California Verbal Learning Test, a 2-back task, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in 90 first-episode psychosis (FE) patients and 116 individuals with an at-risk mental state for psychosis (ARMS) compared to 57 healthy subjects...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783713/microfluidic-cultivation-and-laser-tweezers-raman-spectroscopy-of-e-coli-under-antibiotic-stress
#7
Zdeněk Pilát, Silvie Bernatová, Jan Ježek, Johanna Kirchhoff, Astrid Tannert, Ute Neugebauer, Ota Samek, Pavel Zemánek
Analyzing the cells in various body fluids can greatly deepen the understanding of the mechanisms governing the cellular physiology. Due to the variability of physiological and metabolic states, it is important to be able to perform such studies on individual cells. Therefore, we developed an optofluidic system in which we precisely manipulated and monitored individual cells of Escherichia coli . We tested optical micromanipulation in a microfluidic chamber chip by transferring individual bacteria into the chambers...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781407/electron-source-brightness-and-illumination-semi-angle-distribution-measurement-in-a-transmission-electron-microscope
#8
Felix Börrnert, Julian Renner, Ute Kaiser
The electron source brightness is an important parameter in an electron microscope. Reliable and easy brightness measurement routes are not easily found. A determination method for the illumination semi-angle distribution in transmission electron microscopy is even less well documented. Herein, we report a simple measurement route for both entities and demonstrate it on a state-of-the-art instrument. The reduced axial brightness of the FEI X-FEG with a monochromator was determined to be larger than 108 A/(m2 sr V)...
May 21, 2018: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780680/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-construction-products-on-the-environment-by-leaching-of-possibly-hazardous-substances
#9
REVIEW
Nicole Bandow, Stefan Gartiser, Outi Ilvonen, Ute Schoknecht
Construction products are in contact with water (e.g., rain, seepage water) during their service lifetime and may release potentially harmful compounds by leaching processes. Monitoring studies showed that compounds attributed to construction products are found in storm water and the receiving bodies of water and that the release of biocides in urban areas can be comparable to the input of pesticides from agricultural uses. Therefore, a prospective risk assessment of such products is necessary. Laboratory leaching tests have been developed by the Technical Committee CEN/TC 351 and are ready to use...
2018: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778664/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-modulates-cholesterol-homeostasis-in-human-fetoplacental-endothelium
#10
Yidan Sun, Susanne Kopp, Jasmin Strutz, Chaitanya Chakravarthi Gali, Martina Zandl-Lang, Elham Fanaee-Danesh, Andrijana Kirsch, Silvija Cvitic, Saša Frank, Richard Saffery, Ingemar Björkhem, Gernot Desoye, Christian Wadsack, Ute Panzenboeck
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with excessive oxidative stress which may affect placental vascular function. Cholesterol homeostasis is crucial for maintaining fetoplacental endothelial function. We aimed to investigate whether and how GDM affects cholesterol metabolism in human fetoplacental endothelial cells (HPEC). HPEC were isolated from fetal term placental arterial vessels of GDM or control subjects. Cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected by H2 DCFDA fluorescent dye. Oxysterols were quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis...
May 17, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778252/social-support-mastery-sleep-related-problems-and-their-association-with-functional-status-in-untreated-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-patients
#11
Vladimira Timkova, Iveta Nagyova, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Ruzena Tkacova, Jitse P van Dijk, Ute Bültmann
BACKGROUND: Social support and mastery are important aspects in the treatment of chronic diseases, however their role in connection with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The study examined the associations between social support, mastery, sleep-related problems and functional status in untreated OSA patients. METHODS: All patients in this cross-sectional study completed the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Pearlin Mastery Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire...
May 16, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777685/thiamine-preserves-mitochondrial-function-in-a-rat-model-of-traumatic-brain-injury-preventing-inactivation-of-the-2-oxoglutarate-dehydrogenase-complex
#12
Garik V Mkrtchyan, Muammer Üçal, Andrea Müllebner, Sergiu Dumitrescu, Martina Kames, Rudolf Moldzio, Marek Molcanyi, Samuel Schaefer, Adelheid Weidinger, Ute Schaefer, Juergen Hescheler, Johanna Catharina Duvigneau, Heinz Redl, Victoria I Bunik, Andrey V Kozlov
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Based on the fact that traumatic brain injury is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction we aimed at localization of mitochondrial defect and attempted to correct it by thiamine. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Interventional controlled experimental animal study was used. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to lateral fluid percussion traumatic brain injury. Thiamine was administered 1 h prior to trauma; cortex was extracted for analysis 4 h and 3 d after trauma...
May 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775663/free-breathing-ultrashort-echo-time-lung-magnetic-resonance-imaging-using-stack-of-spirals-acquisition-a-feasibility-study-in-oncology-patients
#13
Min Jae Cha, Hyun Jeong Park, Mun Young Paek, Alto Stemmer, Eun Sun Lee, Sung Bin Park, Yang Soo Kim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of lung magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with a free-breathing three-dimensional ultrashort echo time spoiled gradient echo sequence using a stack-of-spirals acquisition (spiral 3D UTE) for pulmonary nodule detection at 3 T in oncology patients. METHODS: The institutional review board approved this retrospective study. Between June and September of 2017, 32 oncology patients underwent both free-breathing spiral 3D UTE of the lungs and thin-section chest computed tomography (CT) for pulmonary metastasis workups...
May 15, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775390/polarization-and-distribution-of-tumor-associated-macrophages-and-cox-2-expression-in-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-ocular-adnexae
#14
Ute Kaiser, Karin U Loeffler, Jennifer Nadal, Frank G Holz, Martina C Herwig-Carl
PURPOSE: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a locally invasive skin tumor which can be subdivided into a circumscribed nodular and an invasive fibrosing subtype. There is increasing evidence that macrophages play an important role in interacting between tumor cells and their microenvironment, thereby affecting not only the invasive potential but also the patients' prognosis. Thus, we wanted to compare these two BCC variants with regard to tumor-related inflammation, COX-2 expression, distribution and polarization of tumor-associated macrophages...
May 18, 2018: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772514/the-effect-of-polymer-aging-on-the-uptake-of-fuel-aromatics-and-ethers-by-microplastics
#15
Axel Müller, Roland Becker, Ute Dorgerloh, Franz-Georg Simon, Ulrike Braun
Microplastics are increasingly entering marine, limnic and terrestrial ecosystems worldwide, where they sorb hydrophobic organic contaminants. Here, the sorption behavior of the fuel-related water contaminants benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene and xylene (BTEX) and four tertiary butyl ethers to virgin and via UV radiation aged polypropylene (PP) and polystyrene (PS) pellets was investigated. Changes in material properties due to aging were recorded using appropriate polymer characterization methods, such as differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and microscopy...
May 14, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769457/3d-cones-acquisition-of-human-extremity-imaging-using-a-1-5t-superconducting-magnet-and-an-unshielded-gradient-coil-set
#16
Ayana Setoi, Katsumi Kose
We developed ultrashort echo-time (UTE) imaging sequences with 3D Cones trajectories for a home-built compact MRI system using a 1.5T superconducting magnet and an unshielded gradient coil set. We achieved less than 7 min imaging time and obtained clear in vivo images of a human forearm with a TE of 0.4 ms. We concluded that UTE imaging using 3D Cones acquisition was successfully implemented in our 1.5T MRI system.
May 16, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768435/tuna-labels-matter-in-europe-mislabelling-rates-in-different-tuna-products
#17
Carmen G Sotelo, Amaya Velasco, Ricardo I Perez-Martin, Kristina Kappel, Ute Schröder, Véronique Verrez-Bagnis, Marc Jérôme, Rogério Mendes, Helena Silva, Stefano Mariani, Andrew Griffiths
Tuna fisheries and processing represent economic activities of paramount importance around the world. Most of these products are traded for human consumption and in general are highly demanded commodities. However, not all tuna products achieve the same market price, some consumers are willing to pay a huge amount of money for certain species (i.e. Japanese market for Bluefin tuna) while other species are rather affordable (i.e. Skipjack tuna), therefore mislabelling has been observed frequently. We collected and analysed 545 tuna samples in six European countries, including fresh, frozen and canned products, and we have investigated whether or not these products were correctly labelled under European and national legislations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767414/variation-in-reproduction-of-the-smallest-bodied-primate-radiation-the-mouse-lemurs-microcebus-spp-a-synopsis
#18
Mamy Rina Evasoa, Ute Radespiel, Alida F Hasiniaina, Solofonirina Rasoloharijaona, Blanchard Randrianambinina, Romule Rakotondravony, Elke Zimmermann
Reproduction is a fundamental trait in the life history of any species and contributes to species diversity and evolution. Here, we aim to review the barely known variation in reproductive patterns of the smallest-bodied primate radiation, the Malagasy mouse lemurs, focusing on twelve species of four phylogenetic clades. We present a new reproductive field dataset collected between May and November 1996-2016 for nine species (Microcebus murinus, M. myoxinus, M. ravelobensis, M. bongolavensis, M. danfossi, M...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765808/induced-smectic-phase-in-binary-mixtures-of-twist-bend-nematogens
#19
Anamarija Knežević, Irena Dokli, Marin Sapunar, Suzana Šegota, Ute Baumeister, Andreja Lesac
The investigation of liquid crystal (LC) mixtures is of great interest in tailoring material properties for specific applications. The recent discovery of the twist-bend nematic phase (NTB ) has sparked great interest in the scientific community, not only from a fundamental viewpoint, but also due to its potential for innovative applications. Here we report on the unexpected phase behaviour of a binary mixture of twist-bend nematogens. A binary phase diagram for mixtures of imino-linked cyanobiphenyl (CBI) dimer and imino-linked benzoyloxy-benzylidene (BB) dimer shows two distinct domains...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764618/investigating-daily-fatigue-scores-during-two-week-offshore-day-shifts
#20
Vanessa Riethmeister, Ute Bültmann, Marijke Gordijn, Sandra Brouwer, Michiel de Boer
OBJECTIVES: This study examined daily scores of fatigue and circadian rhythm markers over two-week offshore day shift periods. METHODS: A prospective cohort study among N = 60 offshore day-shift workers working two-week offshore shifts was conducted. Offshore day shifts lasted from 07:00 - 19:00 h. Fatigue was measured objectively with pre- and post-shift scores of the 3-minute psychomotor vigilance tasks (PVT-B) parameters (reaction times, number of lapses, errors and false starts) and subjectively with pre- and post-shift Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS) ratings...
September 2018: Applied Ergonomics
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