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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925263/partially-reversible-photo-induced-chemical-changes-in-a-mixed-ion-perovskite-material-for-solar-cells
#1
Ute B Cappel, Sebastian Svanström, Valeria Lanzilotto, Fredrik Oskar Lars Johansson, Kerttu Aitola, Bertrand Philippe, Erika Giangrisostomi, Ruslan Ovsyannikov, Torsten Leitner, Alexander Foehlisch, Svante Svensson, Nils Mårtensson, Gerrit Boschloo, Andreas Lindblad, Håkan Rensmo
Metal halide perovskites have emerged as materials of high interest for solar energy to electricity conversion and in particular the use of mixed ion structures has led to high power conversion efficiencies and improved stability. For this reason, it is important develop means to obtain atomic level understanding of the photo-induced behaviour of these materials including processes such as photo-induced phase separation and ion migration. In this paper, we implement a new methodology combining visible laser illumination of a mixed-ion perovskite ((FAPbI3)0...
September 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924689/future-research-in-psycho-oncology
#2
Ute Goerling, Anja Mehnert
Since the mid-1970s psycho-oncology and psycho-oncological research have been systematically developed in many industrialized countries and have produced nationally and internationally accepted guidelines. In this article developments and challenges are presented and discussed. From the perspective of various oncological treatment options, different needs for further psycho-oncological research are considered.
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924685/quality-of-life-in-oncology
#3
Anna Stickel, Ute Goerling
Continuous improvements in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer lead to improved cure rates and longer survival. However, in many patients, the disease becomes chronic. In this context, the patients' quality of life (QOL) becomes a crucial issue. After an introduction about QOL, results from different areas of cancer treatment are presented considering their impact on QOL. Finally, implications are discussed for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923512/reviewer-acknowledgment
#4
Maarten Bakker, Richard Beaven, Jean E Bogner, Paolo Canu, Maria Teresa Carvalho, William Clarke, Giulia Costa, Diptendu Das, M Hannan, Ole Hjelmar, Paul Imhoff, Ute Kalbe, Peter Kjeldsen, Dimitrios Komilis, Bo Leckner, Fan Lü, Hans Oonk, Alberto Pivato, Alessandra Polettini, Jon Powell, Martin Schlummer, Nils Skoglund, Fabio Tatàno, Marjorie Valix, Carmen Vargas Garcia, Zengqiang Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923284/fertility-outcome-and-information-on-fertility-issues-in-individuals-with-different-forms-of-disorders-of-sex-development-findings-from-the-dsd-life-study
#5
Jolanta Słowikowska-Hilczer, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Hedi Claahsen-van der Grinten, Nicole Reisch, Claire Bouvattier, Ute Thyen, Peggy Cohen Kettenis, Robert Roehle, Birgit Köhler, Anna Nordenström
OBJECTIVE: To investigate fertility outcome in individuals with different forms of disorders of sex development (DSD), if assisted reproductive technology (ART) was used, and the patients' satisfaction with the information they had received. DESIGN: A cross-sectional multicenter study, dsd-LIFE. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 1,040 patients aged ≥16 years with different DSD diagnoses participated...
September 15, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922995/effects-of-process-and-outcome-accountability-on-idea-generation
#6
Jan Alexander Häusser, Johanna Ute Frisch, Stella Wanzel, Stefan Schulz-Hardt
Previous research on the effects of outcome and process accountability on decision making has neglected the preceding phase of idea generation. We conducted a 2 (outcome accountability: yes vs. no) × 2 (process accountability: yes vs. no) experiment (N = 147) to test the effects of accountability on quantity and quality of generated ideas in a product design task. Furthermore, we examined potential negative side effects of accountability (i.e., stress and lengthened decision making). We found that (a) outcome accountability had a negative effect on quantity of ideas and (b) process accountability extended the idea generation process...
July 2017: Experimental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922866/intracystic-interferon-alpha-in-pediatric-craniopharyngioma-patients-reply
#7
Kilday John-Paul, Ute Bartels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916844/left-sided-breast-cancer-and-risks-of-secondary-lung-cancer-and-ischemic-heart-disease-effects-of-modern-radiotherapy-techniques
#8
Stefanie Corradini, Hendrik Ballhausen, Helmut Weingandt, Philipp Freislederer, Stephan Schönecker, Maximilian Niyazi, Cristoforo Simonetto, Markus Eidemüller, Ute Ganswindt, Claus Belka
PURPOSE: Modern breast cancer radiotherapy techniques, such as respiratory-gated radiotherapy in deep-inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) or volumetric-modulated arc radiotherapy (VMAT) have been shown to reduce the high dose exposure of the heart in left-sided breast cancer. The aim of the present study was to comparatively estimate the excess relative and absolute risks of radiation-induced secondary lung cancer and ischemic heart disease for different modern radiotherapy techniques. METHODS: Four different treatment plans were generated for ten computed tomography data sets of patients with left-sided breast cancer, using either three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) or VMAT, in free-breathing (FB) or DIBH...
September 15, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916352/baseline-evaluation-of-sediment-contamination-in-the-shallow-coastal-areas-of-saudi-arabian-red-sea
#9
Pedro Ruiz-Compean, Joanne Ellis, João Cúrdia, Richard Payumo, Ute Langner, Burton Jones, Susana Carvalho
Despite the growing recognition of the importance of water and sediment quality there is still limited information on contamination levels in many regions globally including the Red Sea. This study provides a comprehensive assessment of three classes of contaminants (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons - PAH; metals; plastics) in coastal sediments along the Saudi Arabian Red Sea mainly collected using grabs. Background concentrations are provided for metals in the region. Concentrations of metals and PAH were generally low in comparison to international guidelines...
September 12, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913879/short-t2-imaging-using-a-3d-double-adiabatic-inversion-recovery-prepared-ultrashort-echo-time-cones-3d-dir-ute-cones-sequence
#10
Ya-Jun Ma, Yanchun Zhu, Xing Lu, Michael Carl, Eric Y Chang, Jiang Du
PURPOSE: To investigate high contrast imaging of short T2 tissues with a three-dimensional double adiabatic inversion recovery prepared ultrashort echo time Cones (3D DIR-UTE-Cones) sequence. METHODS: The sequence used two sequential adiabatic inversion pulses to suppress signals from long T2 tissues, followed by multispoke UTE acquisition to detect signals from short T2 tissues. The two adiabatic inversion pulses are identical with a center frequency located at the water peak, but the spectral width is broad enough to cover both water and fat frequencies...
September 14, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913868/alterations-of-c-di-gmp-turnover-proteins-modulate-semi-constitutive-rdar-biofilm-formation-in-commensal-and-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli
#11
Annika Cimdins, Roger Simm, Fengyang Li, Petra Lüthje, Kaisa Thorell, Åsa Sjöling, Annelie Brauner, Ute Römling
Agar plate-based biofilm of enterobacteria like Escherichia coli is characterized by expression of the extracellular matrix components amyloid curli and cellulose exopolysaccharide, which can be visually enhanced upon addition of the dye Congo Red, resulting in a red, dry, and rough (rdar) colony morphology. Expression of the rdar morphotype depends on the transcriptional regulator CsgD and occurs predominantly at ambient temperature in model strains. In contrast, commensal and pathogenic isolates frequently express the csgD-dependent rdar morphotype semi-constitutively, also at human host body temperature...
September 15, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912113/mobile-augmented-reality-as-a-feature-for-self-oriented-blended-learning-in-medicine-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Christoph Noll, Ute von Jan, Ulrike Raap, Urs-Vito Albrecht
BACKGROUND: Advantages of mobile Augmented Reality (mAR) application-based learning versus textbook-based learning were already shown in a previous study. However, it was unclear whether the augmented reality (AR) component was responsible for the success of the self-developed app or whether this was attributable to the novelty of using mobile technology for learning. OBJECTIVE: The study's aim was to test the hypothesis whether there is no difference in learning success between learners who employed the mobile AR component and those who learned without it to determine possible effects of mAR...
September 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904803/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-during-early-fruit-development-between-three-seedy-citrus-genotypes-and-their-seedless-mutants
#13
Shujian Zhang, Qingchun Shi, Ute Albrecht, Robert G Shatters, Ric Stange, Greg McCollum, Shuo Zhang, Chengming Fan, Ed Stover
Identification of genes with differential transcript abundance (GDTA) in seedless mutants may enhance understanding of seedless citrus development. Transcriptome analysis was conducted at three time points during early fruit development (Phase 1) of three seedy citrus genotypes: Fallglo (Bower citrus hybrid (Citrus reticulata×C. reticulata×C. paradisi)×Temple (C. reticulata×C. sinensis)), grapefruit (C. paradisi), Pineapple sweet orange (C. sinensis), and their seedless mutants. Seed abortion in seedless mutants was observed at 26 days post anthesis (Time point 2)...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903945/complement-c5a-receptors-c5l2-and-c5ar-in-renal-fibrosis
#14
Ina V Martin, Annika Bohner, Peter Boor, Erdenechimeg Shagdarsuren, Ute Raffetseder, Frank Lammert, Jürgen Floege, Tammo Ostendorf, Susanne N Weber
Complement factor C5a has two known receptors, C5aR mediating pro-inflammatory effects and C5L2, a potential C5a scavenger. We previously identified C5a/C5aR signaling as a potent profibrotic pathway in the kidney. Here we tested for the first time the role of C5L2 in renal fibrosis. In unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced kidney fibrosis, the expression of C5aR and C5L2 increased similarly and gradually as fibrosis progressed and was particularly prominent in injured dilated tubules. Genetic deficiency of either C5aR or C5L2 significantly reduced UUO-induced tubular injury...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903123/potential-effects-of-hormone-therapy-in-type-2-idiopathic-macular-telangiectasia
#15
Ute E K Wolf-Schnurrbusch, Irene Leung, Ferenc B Sallo, Traci E Clemons, Emily Y Chew, Alan C Bird, Tunde Peto
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of hormone therapy with tamoxifen or estrogens on morphological changes in macular telangiectasia (MacTel) type 2 patients as revealed clinically in multiple imaging modalities. METHODS: Patients with a history of tamoxifen or estrogen use were selected from the cohort of the MacTel Study. A race-, age- and best-corrected visual acuity-matched group of MacTel participants not under hormone therapy served as the comparison group...
September 13, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901595/movement-disorders-in-genetically-confirmed-mitochondrial-disease-and-the-putative-role-of-the-cerebellum
#16
Sebastian R Schreglmann, Franz Riederer, Marian Galovic, Christos Ganos, Georg Kägi, Daniel Waldvogel, Zane Jaunmuktane, Andre Schaller, Ute Hidding, Ernst Krasemann, Lars Michels, Christian R Baumann, Kailash Bhatia, Hans H Jung
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial disease can present as a movement disorder. Data on this entity's epidemiology, genetics, and underlying pathophysiology, however, is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe the clinical, genetic, and volumetric imaging data from patients with mitochondrial disease who presented with movement disorders. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis of all genetically confirmed mitochondrial disease cases from three centers (n = 50), the prevalence and clinical presentation of video-documented movement disorders was assessed...
September 13, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900662/erratum-to-tubulin-related-cerebellar-dysplasia-definition-of-a-distinct-pattern-of-cerebellar-malformation
#17
Romina Romaniello, Filippo Arrigoni, Elena Panzeri, Andrea Poretti, Alessia Micalizzi, Andrea Citterio, Maria Francesca Bedeschi, Angela Berardinelli, Raffaella Cusmai, Stefano D'Arrigo, Alessandro Ferraris, Annette Hackenberg, Alma Kuechler, Margherita Mancardi, Sara Nuovo, Barbara Oehl-Jaschkowitz, Andrea Rossi, Sabrina Signorini, Frank Tüttelmann, Dagmar Wahl, Ute Hehr, Eugen Boltshauser, Maria Teresa Bassi, Enza Maria Valente, Renato Borgatti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900153/genetic-ablation-of-fgf23-or-klotho-does-not-modulate-experimental-heart-hypertrophy-induced-by-pressure-overload
#18
Svetlana Slavic, Kristopher Ford, Magalie Modert, Amarela Becirovic, Stephan Handschuh, Andreas Baierl, Nejla Katica, Ute Zeitz, Reinhold G Erben, Olena Andrukhova
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) ultimately leads to heart failure in conditions of increased cardiac pre- or afterload. The bone-derived phosphaturic and sodium-conserving hormone fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) and its co-receptor Klotho have been implicated in the development of uremic LVH. Using transverse aortic constriction (TAC) in gene-targeted mouse models, we examine the role of Fgf23 and Klotho in cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction induced by pressure overload. TAC profoundly increases serum intact Fgf23 due to increased cardiac and bony Fgf23 transcription and downregulation of Fgf23 cleavage...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899382/carrion-crows-corvus-corone-of-southwest-germany-important-hosts-for-haemosporidian-parasites
#19
Sandrine Schmid, Katrin Fachet, Anke Dinkel, Ute Mackenstedt, Friederike Woog
BACKGROUND: Avian malaria parasites (Plasmodium spp.) and other Haemosporida (Haemoproteus and Leucocytozoon spp.) form a diverse group of vector-transmitted blood parasites that are abundant in many bird families. Recent studies have suggested that corvids may be an important host for Plasmodium spp. and Leucocytozoon spp. METHODS: To investigate the diversity of Haemosporida of resident carrion crows (Corvus corone) and Eurasian Magpies (Pica pica) in southwest Germany, 100 liver samples of corvids were examined using a nested PCR method to amplify a 1063 bp fragment of the haemosporidian mitochondrial cytochrome b gene...
September 12, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895150/chemosensory-function-before-and-after-multimodal-treatment-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients
#20
Ute Walliczek-Dworschak, Robert Pellegrino, Franziska Taube, Christian A Mueller, Boris Alexander Stuck, Philipp Dworschak, Christian Güldner, Silke Steinbach
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Olfactory dysfunction is common among the general population, with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) as one of the leading causes. Patients affected by CRS often report changes in taste sensations; however, quantitative measurements have not been performed to date. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate gustatory and olfactory function in CRS patients prior to and after multimodal treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Twenty-one patients suffering from CRS with nasal polyps (14 male, seven female) with a mean age of 48 ± 15 years were included in the study...
September 12, 2017: Laryngoscope
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