keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diabetes mellitus prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932885/health-behaviors-of-patients-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-influence-on-the-patients-satisfaction-with-life
#1
Anna Rosiek, Tomasz Kornatowski, Natalia Frąckowiak-Maciejewska, Aleksandra Rosiek-Kryszewska, Przemysław Wyżgowski, Krzysztof Leksowski
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) carries with it a number of changes to the patient's lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle, health and preventive behaviors, as well as healthy nutrition habits play a key role in treating T2DM as well as limiting its complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was the analysis of the correlation of T2DM patients' health behaviors and their influence on the patients' quality of life. The study was performed on a group of 50 patients from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932514/long-term-therapy-with-wu-ling-san-a-popular-antilithic-chinese-herbal-formula-did-not-prevent-subsequent-stone-surgery-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#2
San-Yuan Wu, Huey-Yi Chen, Kao-Sung Tsai, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Chi Chen
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), which is widely used to treat pain and urolithiasis, is a promising therapy for urinary stone prevention. This study investigated the clinical efficacy of a popular CHM, Wu-Ling-San (WLS), in Taiwan for the prophylaxis of recurrent nephrolithiasis as assessed by surgical stone treatment via a nationwide population-based cohort study. The National Health Insurance Research Database, 2000-2010, which included one million patient records. All patients diagnosed with stone disease at the beginning of the study...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932304/vitamin-d-and-type-2-diabetes
#3
REVIEW
Paul Lips, Marelise Eekhoff, Natasja Vzn Schoor, Mirjam Oosterwerff, Renate de Jongh, Yvonne Krul-Poel, Suat Simsek
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with a decreased insulin release, insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in experimental and epidemiological studies. Animal studies show that 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) stimulates the pancreatic β-cell to secrete insulin. The relationship between vitamin D deficiency and insulin resistance could develop through inflammation, as vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased inflammatory markers. In addition, genetic polymorphisms of vitamin D -related genes may predispose to impaired glycemic control and type 2 diabetes...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931572/pretransplantation-risk-factors-associated-with-new-onset-diabetes-after-living-donor-kidney-transplantation
#4
L Xie, W Tang, X Wang, L Wang, Y Lu, T Lin
Mid-term date of kidney recipients with new-onset diabetes mellitus after transplantation (NODAT) was poor. We made a retrospective study of 397 patients who had living-donor kidney transplantation between January 2007 and May 2010 in our center. Pretransplantation risk factors for NODAT were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. The mean follow-up was 53.5 ± 10.4 months. The prevalence of NODAT was 9.3%. Univariate analyses found the mean recipient age ≥40 years, body mass index (BMI) ≥24 kg/m(2), family history of diabetes, fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥5...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930591/weight-loss-before-a-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-is-a-risk-factor-for-diabetes-complications
#5
Shanshan Yang, Shuang Wang, Bo Yang, Jinliang Zheng, Yuping Cai, Zhengguo Yang
Our goal was to investigate the relationship between weight loss before a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic complications among hospitalized patients with T2DM.We conducted a cross-sectional study and evaluated 347 and 642 hospitalized patients with T2DM who experienced and did not experienced weight loss before T2DM diagnosis, respectively. We used propensity score matching to reduce the confounding bias between the groups. In addition, a logistic regression analysis of the matched data was performed to evaluate the risk of diabetic complications...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930587/body-mass-trajectories-diabetes-mellitus-and-mortality-in-a-large-cohort-of-austrian-adults
#6
Raphael Simon Peter, Ferdinand Keller, Jochen Klenk, Hans Concin, Gabriele Nagel
There are only few studies on latent trajectories of body mass index (BMI) and their association with diabetes incidence and mortality in adults.We used data of the Vorarlberg Health Monitoring & Prevention Program and included individuals (N=24,875) with BMI measurements over a 12-year period. Trajectory classes were identified using growth mixture modeling for predefined age groups (<50, 50-65, >65 years of age) and men, women separately. Poisson models were applied to estimate incidence and prevalence of diabetes for each trajectory class...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930584/risk-of-infection-is-associated-more-with-drain-duration-than-daily-drainage-volume-in-prosthesis-based-breast-reconstruction-a-cohort-study
#7
Cheng-Feng Chen, Shou-Fong Lin, Chen-Fang Hung, Pesus Chou
In prosthesis-based breast reconstruction, drains are used to prevent seroma formation and to reduce the risk of infection. However, prolonged drainage increases the risk of ascending infection. Although the volume often accepted for drain removal is ≤30 mL per day, the optimal timing to remove the drain for best clinical outcome remains controversial.We did a retrospective cohort study of 569 patients of prosthesis-based breast reconstruction with infection rate as the outcome variable; drain duration and last daily drainage volume as the main independent variables...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930551/assessment-of-2013-aha-acc-ascvd-risk-scores-with-behavioral-characteristics-of-an-urban-cohort-in-india-preliminary-analysis-of-noncommunicable-disease-initiatives-and-research-at-amrita-niram-study
#8
Vidya P Menon, Fabia Edathadathil, Dipu Sathyapalan, Merlin Moni, Ann Don, Sabarish Balachandran, Binny Pushpa, Preetha Prasanna, Nithu Sivaram, Anupama Nair, Nithu Vinod, Rekha Jayaprasad, Veena Menon
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death and disability in India. Early and sustained exposure to behavioral risk factors leads to development of CVDs.The aim of this study was to determine the baseline risk of a "hard CVD event" in subjects attending comprehensive health clinic and assess behavioral characteristics in "at risk" population.Using WHO STEPwise approach to Surveillance modified questionnaire, prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and risk factors was estimated in this cross-sectional study of 4507 subjects...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930356/impact-of-insurance-status-on-outcomes-and-use-of-rehabilitation-services-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-findings-from-get-with-the-guidelines-stroke
#9
Laura N Medford-Davis, Gregg C Fonarow, Deepak L Bhatt, Haolin Xu, Eric E Smith, Robert Suter, Eric D Peterson, Ying Xian, Roland A Matsouaka, Lee H Schwamm
BACKGROUND: Insurance status affects access to care, which may affect health outcomes. The objective was to determine whether patients without insurance or with government-sponsored insurance had worse quality of care or in-hospital outcomes in acute ischemic stroke. METHODS AND RESULTS: Multivariable logistic regressions with generalized estimating equations stratified by age under or at least 65 years were adjusted for patient demographics and comorbidities, presenting factors, and hospital characteristics to determine differences in in-hospital mortality and postdischarge destination...
November 14, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926889/precision-medicine-diabetes-and-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration
#10
Robert J Meyer
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has long sought to achieve the broader use of personalized medicine, which is better targeting of FDA-approved therapies through incorporating precise knowledge of a patient's underlying condition to therapies optimally chosen to match those needs. While some strides have been made in precision medicine-particularly in oncology and rare genetic diseases-most of the standard general medicine indications have yet to realize the benefits of precision-guided therapies...
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924966/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-pakistan-current-prevalence-and-future-forecast
#11
Sultan Ayoub Meo, Inam Zia, Ishfaq A Bukhari, Shoukat Ali Arain
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic health problem of all age groups, both gender, involves rural and urban areas and developing and developed countries globally. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Pakistan. Systematic bibliographic search of scientific databases including PubMed, ISI-web of science and Google Scholar was conducted with key words of "type 2 diabetes mellitus" "prevalence", "incidence", "occurrence". A total of 22 peer reviewed papers published in ISI and PubMed indexed journals were selected and examined...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924723/clinical-management-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-older-adult-patient
#12
Nana Yaw Adu-Sarkodie
BACKGROUND: In 2009, approximately 40 million people were 65 years or older. Majority of persons over the age of 65 have at least one chronic medical condition. In 2002-2003, the most frequently occurring conditions among older adults were hypertension (51%), arthritis (48%), heart disease (31%), cancer of any type (21%), and diabetes (16%). The cost of diabetes care, both direct and indirect, was $245 billion in 2012. Fifty-nine percent of the direct medical cost was for the population aged 65 and over...
December 6, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924173/predictors-of-recurrent-hospital-admission-for-patients-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar-state
#13
Annabel L Bradford, Courtney Champagne Crider, Xizheng Xu, Syed Hasan Naqvi
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are two serious, preventable complications of diabetes mellitus. Analysis of variables associated with recurrent DKA and HHS admission has the potential to improve patient outcomes by identifying possible areas for intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of recurrent DKA or HHS admission. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study of 367 patients presenting during a 5-year period with DKA or HHS at a US tertiary academic medical center...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921360/mortality-in-patients-who-discontinue-low-dose-acetylsalicylic-acid-therapy-after-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#15
Antonio González-Pérez, María Eugenia Sáez, Saga Johansson, Péter Nagy, Luis A García Rodríguez
PURPOSE: Discontinuing low-dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) therapy after upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) may increase the risk of cardiovascular-related death. Our aim was to compare mortality in UK primary care patients who discontinue ASA after UGIB with that in patients who continue therapy. METHODS: ASA users at the time of UGIB and who were alive 30 days after were selected using The Health Improvement Network. Predictors of survival were assessed using adjusted Cox proportional hazards regression models...
December 6, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921048/surgical-treatment-of-metabolic-syndrome
#16
REVIEW
Norbert Runkel, Rainer Brydniak
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is gastrointestinal surgery for weight control, and metabolic surgery refers to the use of surgery to primarily and purposely treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)/metabolic syndrome mellitus. METHODS: The most recent literature was reviewed for surgery and T2DM in a non-systematic fashion. RESULTS: Roux-Y gastric bypass, biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the dominant procedures today...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921026/a-study-on-the-association-of-diabetic-dermopathy-with-nephropathy-and-retinopathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Mahmoud Mirhoseini, Nasrin Saleh, Ali Momeni, Fatemeh Deris, Majid Asadi-Samani
BACKGROUND: Diabetic dermopathy is one of the most prevalent skin complications in diabetes patients. Some studies have pointed to association of diabetic dermopathy with retinopathy and nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes as microangiopathy presentations, but no rigorous study has been conducted to confirm this association. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated association of diabetic dermopathy with nephropathy and retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes referring specialty clinic of Shahrekord...
October 2016: Journal of Nephropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920478/diabetes-mellitus-may-affect-the-long-term-survival-of-hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-after-liver-transplantation
#18
Qing Zhang, Yong-Lin Deng, Chang Liu, Li-Hong Huang, Lei Shang, Xin-Guo Chen, Le-Tian Wang, Jin-Zan Du, Ying Wang, Pei-Xiao Wang, Hui Zhang, Zhong-Yang Shen
AIM: To determine whether diabetes mellitus (DM) affects prognosis/recurrence after liver transplantation (LT) for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted between January 2000 and August 2013 on 1631 patients with HBV-related HCC who underwent LT with antiviral prophylaxis. Patient data were obtained from the China Liver Transplant Registry (https://www.cltr.org/). To compare the outcomes and tumor recurrence in the HBV-related HCC patients with or without DM, statistical analyses were conducted using χ(2) tests, Mann-Whitney tests, the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank tests and multivariate step-wise Cox regression analysis...
November 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917712/the-role-of-antiplatelet-therapy-in-primary-prevention-a-review
#19
Lauge Østergaard, Emil L Fosbøl, Matthew T Roe
The efficacy of antiplatelet therapy for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease after an ischemic event is well established. However, the role for antiplatelet therapy for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease is more complex because of the interplay of efficacy vs safety in individuals without established cardiovascular disease who have a relatively low, but linear trajectory of cardiovascular risk. Several large randomized trials have investigated the efficacy and safety of antiplatelet therapy (primarily aspirin) for patients without established cardiovascular disease...
December 5, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917204/modulation-of-immune-cells-and-th1-th2-cytokines-in-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Magloire Pandoua Nekoua, Rufine Fachinan, Amidou K Atchamou, Odilon Nouatin, Daniel Amoussou-Guenou, Marcellin K Amoussou-Guenou, Kabirou Moutairou, Akadiri Yessoufou
BACKGROUND: The role of the immune system in insulin resistance associated with type 2 diabetes has been suggested. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the profile of Th1/Th2 cytokines along with the frequencies of immune cells in insulin-treated type 2 diabetic patients (T2DP). METHODS: 45 T2D patients and 43 age-matched healthy subjects were selected. Serum concentrations of T-helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cytokines and the frequencies of innate and adaptive immunity cells were assessed...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
keyword
keyword
60603
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"