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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055062/cognition-quality-of-life-and-symptom-clusters-in-breast-cancer-using-bayesian-networks-to-elucidate-complex-relationships
#1
Selene Xu, Wesley Thompson, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Lianqi Liu, Barton Palmer, Loki Natarajan
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer patients frequently complain of cognitive dysfunction during chemotherapy. Patients also report experiencing a cluster of sleep problems, fatigue and depressive symptoms during chemotherapy. We aimed to understand the complex dynamic interrelationships of depression, fatigue, and sleep to ultimately elucidate their role in cognitive performance and quality of life among breast cancer survivors undergoing chemotherapy treatment. METHODS: Our study sample comprised 74 newly diagnosed stage I-III breast cancer patients scheduled to receive chemotherapy, and followed them for one year...
October 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054014/sex-differences-in-behavioral-and-neurochemical-effects-of-gonadectomy-and-aromatase-inhibition-in-rats
#2
N Kokras, N Pastromas, D Papasava, C de Bournonville, C A Cornil, C Dalla
Aromatase inhibitors, which are widely used for the treatment of estrogen-dependent cancers, have been associated with psychiatric side effects ranging from mania to depression. In the present study, we investigated sex differences in the behavioral and neurochemical effects of aromatase inhibition on male and female, sham-operated or gonadectomized adult rats. Three weeks after surgery, rats received chronic treatment with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole or vehicle and were then subjected to the open field test, which assesses general activity...
October 10, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053023/n-acetylcysteine-for-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-an-open-label-pilot-study
#3
Kathryn R Cullen, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Patricia Carstedt, Nicholas Marka, Katharine Nelson, Michael J Miller, Kristina Reigstad, Ana Westervelt, Meredith Gunlicks-Stoessel, Lynn E Eberly
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common in adolescents and young adults, and few evidence-based treatments are available for this significant problem. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a widely available nutritional supplement that has been studied in some psychiatric disorders relevant to NSSI including mood and addictive disorders. This pilot study tested the use of NAC as a potential treatment for NSSI in youth. METHODS: Thirty-five female adolescents and young adults with NSSI aged 13-21 years were enrolled in this study that had an open-label, single-arm study design...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052429/idle-minds-are-the-devil-s-tools-coping-depressed-mood-and-divergent-thinking-in-older-adults
#4
Juan Carlos Mélendez, Vicente Alfonso-Benlliure, Teresa Mayordomo
OBJECTIVES: The main aim was to test a causal relations model of the problem-focused and emotion-focused coping styles, depressed mood, and divergent thinking (DT) in older adults. It was hypothesized that both forms of coping would have a significant effect on predicting depressed mood, and that problem-focused coping and depressed mood would have a significant effect on DT. METHOD: Participants were 135 subjects with ages ranging between 55 and 84 years old, who took part in a personal interview and filled out several questionnaires...
October 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049971/food-addiction-prevalence-psychopathological-correlates-and-associations-with-quality-of-life-in-a-large-sample
#5
Paulo R Nunes-Neto, Cristiano A Köhler, Felipe B Schuch, Marco Solmi, João Quevedo, Michael Maes, Andrea Murru, Eduard Vieta, Roger S McIntyre, Susan L McElroy, Ashley N Gearhardt, Brendon Stubbs, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of food addiction in a large Brazilian non-clinical sample. Sociodemographic and psychopathological correlates of food addiction as well as associations with quality (QoL) domains were also investigated. METHODS: This cross-sectional study obtained data from a Brazilian anonymous web-based research platform (N = 7639; 71.3% females). Participants provided sociodemographic data and completed the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048606/contact-location-and-neuropsychological-outcomes-in-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation
#6
Darlene P Floden, Caio M Matias, Connor A Wathen, Grace E Ozinga, Olivia Hogue, Andre G Machado
BACKGROUND: A host of influences contribute to cognitive and behavioral changes following deep brain stimulation. The location of the active cathode is likely an important variable but it has received little attention. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether active contact location relative to the subthalamic nucleus and other neighboring structures is related to nonmotor outcomes. METHODS: We identified a retrospective, cross-sectional sample of 46 patients who underwent subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation for treatment of idiopathic Parkinson's disease...
October 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048182/differences-in-mood-and-cortisol-by-menstrual-phase-during-acute-smoking-abstinence-a-within-subject-comparison
#7
Samantha C Carlson, Alicia M Allen, Sharon S Allen, Mustafa al'Absi
There is evidence that smoking-cessation success differs by menstrual phase and sex hormone levels; however, the biological mechanisms underlying these differences are not clear. One possibility is that variation in cortisol throughout the menstrual cycle and early smoking abstinence may be partly responsible. The goal of this secondary-data analysis was to conduct a within-subject examination of the effects of menstrual phase and smoking abstinence on salivary cortisol and mood. Data are from a controlled crossover trial, in which participants completed 2 testing weeks during their follicular and luteal phases...
October 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045745/long-term-oral-appliance-therapy-improves-daytime-function-and-mood-in-upper-airway-resistance-syndrome-patients
#8
Luciana B M Godoy, Luciana Palombini, Dalva Poyares, Cibele Dal-Fabbro, Thaís Moura Guimarães, Priscila Calixto Klichouvicz, Sergio Tufik, Sonia Maria Togeiro
Objectives: To evaluate the long term effects of an oral appliance on clinical symptoms, respiratory sleep parameters, sleep quality and sustained attention in patients with Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS) compared with placebo. Methods: This study was a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. Thirty UARS patients were randomized in two groups: placebo and mandibular advancement device (MAD) groups. UARS criteria were presence of sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale ≥ 10) and/or fatigue (Modified Fatigue Impact Scale ≥ 38) associated with an apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) ≤ 5 and a respiratory disturbance index (RDI) > 5 events/hour of sleep, and/or flow limitation in more than 30% of total sleep time...
October 17, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042906/low-mood-in-a-sample-of-5-12-year-old-child-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Katri Maasalo, Jaana Wessman, Eeva T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Not much is known about low mood and its associates in child psychiatric patients. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low mood, how it associates with disruptive behaviour, and affects clinician-rated global functioning in child psychiatric outpatients. METHODS: The study population consisted of 862 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients. The study sample was a subsample of all 1251 patients attending a child psychiatric outpatient clinic at Helsinki University Hospital in 2013-2015 formed by excluding 4 year-old and 13 year-old patients and those with missing or incomplete data...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042880/initial-psychometric-properties-of-the-korean-altman-self-rating-mania-scale-preliminary-validation-study-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#10
Bin-Na Kim, Seok-Man Kwon
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (K-ASRM) in a large sample of Korean non-clinical undergraduates. METHODS: Participants (n=1,091) filled out the K-ASRM with other self-report questionnaires assessing bipolarity, mood symptoms and affect. Reliability test, exploratory factor analysis and correlation analyses were conducted to examine its psychometric properties. RESULTS: The reliability of the K-ASRM was adequate (Cronbach's α=0...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042156/head-turning-asymmetry-a-novel-lateralization-in-rats-predicts-susceptibility-to-behavioral-despair
#11
Efe Soyman, Guzin Duygu Yilmaz, Resit Canbeyli
Behavioral markers of laterality reflecting underlying neurobiological asymmetries between the cerebral hemispheres are related to differential susceptibility to mood disorders. In the present study, we investigated the strength and consistency of a novel behavioral lateralization, head-turning asymmetry, and its relation to behavioral despair in adult female Wistar rats. Head-turning biases were determined in a test where water-deprived rats had to turn their head to right or left to gain access to a water dispenser...
October 16, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039700/browsing-posting-and-liking-on-instagram-the-reciprocal-relationships-between-different-types-of-instagram-use-and-adolescents-depressed-mood
#12
Eline Frison, Steven Eggermont
Although studies have shown that Instagram use and young adults' mental health are cross-sectionally associated, longitudinal evidence is lacking. In addition, no study thus far examined this association, or the reverse, among adolescents. To address these gaps, we set up a longitudinal panel study among 12- to 19-year-old Flemish adolescents to investigate the reciprocal relationships between different types of Instagram use and depressed mood. Self-report data from 671 adolescent Instagram users (61% girls; MAge = 14...
October 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039283/effects-of-between-person-differences-and-within-person-changes-in-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-on-older-age-cognitive-performance
#13
E J Laukka, D Dykiert, M Allerhand, J M Starr, I J Deary
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are both important correlates of cognitive function. However, longitudinal studies investigating how they covary with cognition within the same individual are scarce. We aimed to simultaneously estimate associations of between-person differences and within-person variability in anxiety and depression with cognitive performance in a sample of non-demented older people. METHODS: Participants in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1921 study, a population-based narrow-age sample (mean age at wave 1 = 79 years, n = 535), were examined on five occasions across 13 years...
October 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035800/exploring-mechanisms-of-change-in-schema-therapy-for-chronic-depression
#14
Fritz Renner, Robert DeRubeis, Arnoud Arntz, Frenk Peeters, Jill Lobbestael, Marcus J H Huibers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The underlying mechanisms of symptom change in schema therapy (ST) for chronic major depressive disorder (cMDD) have not been studied. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of two potentially important mechanisms of symptom change, maladaptive schemas (proxied by negative idiosyncratic core-beliefs) and the therapeutic alliance. METHODS: We drew data from a single-case series of ST for cMDD. Patients with cMDD (N = 20) received on average 78 repeated weekly assessments over a course of up to 65 individual sessions of ST...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035703/a-randomized-clinical-trial-examining-the-effects-of-an-anxiety-sensitivity-intervention-on-insomnia-symptoms-replication-and-extension
#15
Nicole A Short, Joseph W Boffa, Savannah King, Brian J Albanese, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
Insomnia disorder is impairing and prevalent, particularly among individuals with comorbid anxiety disorders. Despite the availability of effective computerized treatments for insomnia, there are few that target both insomnia as well as co-occurring anxiety symptoms. The current study tests the efficacy of a computerized treatment for anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns, a transdiagnostic risk factor for anxiety, mood, and insomnia symptoms, against a repeated contact control, on reducing insomnia symptoms...
October 5, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035144/risk-factors-for-multiple-suicide-attempts-among-roma-in-hungary
#16
Mónika Ditta Tóth, Szilvia Ádám, Tamás Zonda, Emma Birkás, György Purebl
In recent years, suicide rates in Hungary have been among the highest in the European Union. Attempted suicide rates in the Roma population are 2-3 times higher than in the non-Roma population. Since individuals making multiple attempts have a higher pro-bability of eventual death by suicide, and there are limited data on suicidal behaviour of the Roma population, the aim of this study was to explore the sociodemographic and psychological background factors of multiple suicide attempts in the Hungarian Roma population...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033974/cognitive-deficits-in-chronic-stroke-patients-neuropsychological-assessment-depression-and-self-reports
#17
Arne E Nakling, Dag Aarsland, Halvor Næss, Daniel Wollschlaeger, Tormod Fladby, Håkon Hofstad, Eike Wehling
BACKGROUND: Following stroke, clinicians are challenged to detect and untangle symptoms of cognitive dysfunction and mood disorders. Additionally, they need to evaluate the informative value of self-reports to identify patients in need of further attendance. AIMS: To examine the association between neuropsychological measures, symptoms of depression, and self-reported cognitive function. METHODS: One-hundred and five chronic stroke patients underwent assessment covering 6 cognitive domains and answered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Memory and Thinking Scale from the Stroke Impact Scale 1 year after stroke...
May 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033637/cognitive-functioning-in-euthymic-bipolar-patients-on-monotherapy-with-novel-antipsychotics-or-mood-stabilizers
#18
Vesile Şentürk Cankorur, Hilal Demirel, Cem Atbaşoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is associated with cognitive dysfunction in several domains. Medication effect is a potential confounder that can only be statistically controlled in many studies. The cognitive profile in bipolar disorder during remission on maintenance antipsychotics or mood stabilizers medication has not been compared before. METHODS: We compared the cognitive profile of bipolar disorder patients euthymic for 2 month or more on monotherapy with novel antipsychotics (AP) (n=16), lithium carbonate (Li) (n=25) or valproic acid (VPA; n=26)...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032789/symptom-dimensions-of-depression-and-apathy-and-their-relationship-with-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Sarah M Szymkowicz, Vonetta M Dotson, Jacob D Jones, Michael S Okun, Dawn Bowers
OBJECTIVES: Both depression and apathy, alone and in combination, have been shown to negatively affect cognition in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the influence of specific symptom dimensions of depression and apathy on cognition is not well understood. The current study investigated the relationship between symptom dimensions of depression and apathy, based on factors identified in Kirsch-Darrow et al. (2011), and memory and executive function in PD. METHODS: A sample of 138 non-demented individuals with PD (mean age=64...
October 16, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032705/a-mobile-application-for-monitoring-and-management-of-depressed-mood-in-a-vulnerable-pregnant-population
#20
Liisa Hantsoo, Stephanie Criniti, Annum Khan, Marian Moseley, Naomi Kincler, Laura J Faherty, C Neill Epperson, Ian M Bennett
OBJECTIVE: This study tested whether a mood tracking and alert (MTA) mobile application (app) improved mental health care delivery in a high-risk obstetric population. METHODS: Pregnant women with depressive symptomatology at <32 weeks gestation were followed for eight weeks after randomization to a control patient portal (PP) app alone or with the MTA app. The MTA app monitored activity, assessed mood, and alerted obstetric providers of signs of worsening mood...
October 16, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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