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liver resection and postoperative complication

Tokio Higaki, Shintaro Yamazaki, Yusuke Mitsuka, Masaru Aoki, Nao Yoshida, Yutaka Midorikawa, Hisashi Nakayama, Tadatoshi Takayama
To clarify whether high transient elevation of serum transaminase predicts severe complications and is related to the ischemic area on CT. Postoperative laboratory data and ischemia area on CT were analyzed on the basis of the presence of high transaminase elevation (aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 1,000 IU/L within postoperative day (POD) 2 after liver resection. In the high elevation group, volume of ischemic areas was assessed by CT on POD2. The 538 patients were divided into a high transaminase group (n = 51) and a control group (n = 487)...
2018: Bioscience Trends
Joost Hof, Hanneke J Joosten, Klaas Havenga, Koert P de Jong
BACKGROUND: In patients with resectable synchronous colorectal liver metastases (CRLM), either two-staged or simultaneous resections of the primary tumor and liver metastases are performed. Data on radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the treatment of CRLM during a simultaneous procedure is lacking. The primary aim was to analyze short-term and long-term outcome of RFA in simultaneous treatment. A secondary aim was to compare simultaneous resection with the colorectal-first approach. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 241 patients with colorectal cancer and synchronous CRLM between 2000-2016...
2018: PloS One
Safi Dokmak, Béatrice Aussilhou, Tiziana Marchese, Nizar Kardoun, François Cauchy, Anne Sophie Schneck, Olivier Soubrane
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be complicated by major vascular invasion, and resection can be beneficial in some patients.1 Some of these patients are traditionally operated under total vascular exclusion (TVE), refrigeration, extracorporeal circulatory bypass, and cardiac surgery, with high morbidity and mortality.2 However, HCC thrombi are not adherent to the venous wall, and with advances in surgical techniques, resection can be simplified and performed during short-duration TVE alone...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Davit L Aghayan, Egidijus Pelanis, Åsmund Avdem Fretland, Airazat M Kazaryan, Mushegh A Sahakyan, Bård I Røsok, Leonid Barkhatov, Bjørn Atle Bjørnbeth, Ole Jakob Elle, Bjørn Edwin
Background: Laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) of colorectal liver metastases (CLM) is increasingly performed in specialized centers. While there is a trend towards a parenchyma-sparing strategy in multimodal treatment for CLM, its role is yet unclear. In this study we present short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic parenchyma-sparing liver resection (LPSLR) at a single center. Patients and methods: LLR were performed in 951 procedures between August 1998 and March 2017 at Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway...
March 2018: Radiology and Oncology
Luchuan Chen, Shenghong Wei, Zaisheng Ye, Jun Xiao, Yi Zeng, Yi Wang, Zhenmeng Lin, Zhitao Lin, Xiaoling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safty and feasibility of the D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No.12p and No.8p for gastric carcinoma (GC). METHODS: Clinical data of 1801 GC patients undergoing D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No.12p and No.8p at Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2000 to January 2010 were analyzed retrospectively. Inclusion case criteria: (1)age of 18 to 90 years;(2)pathologically diagnosed as GC and receiving D2 radical resection of omental bursa and No...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Mohamed Abdel Wahab, Ayman El Nakeeb, Mahmoud Abdelwahab Ali, Youssef Mahdy, Ahmed Shehta, Mohamed Abdulrazek, Mohamed El Desoky, Rihame Abdel Wahab
BACKGROUND: Hepatic hemangioma (HH) is the most common benign solid tumor of the liver. The aim of this study is to review our experiences of surgical treatment for giant HH and to show the impact of HH size and type of surgical resection on surgical outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of the cases who underwent surgery for giant HH during the period from January 2000 to April 2017. RESULTS: Elective surgery was performed for 144 patients who had giant HH...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Wen-Hsiuan Wang, Kung-Kai Kuo, Shen-Nien Wang, King-Teh Lee
BACKGROUND: Most liver resections are currently performed using an open approach. Robotic hepatectomy has been suggested as a safe and effective approach for hepatocellular carcinoma; however, studies regarding oncological and surgical outcomes are still limited. Accordingly, we performed this study to compare the surgical and oncological outcomes between robotic and open approaches. METHODS: Between June, 2013 and July, 2016, a total of 63 HCC patients undergoing robotic hepatectomy, and 177 patients undergoing open hepatectomy were included in this study to assess the surgical and oncological outcomes after hepatectomy...
February 27, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Riki Ninomiya, Akiko Nakazawa, Tetsuya Mitsui, Yoichi Miyata, Masahiko Komagome, Fumiaki Ozawa, Yoshifumi Beck, Akihito Minegishi, Hideaki Yamabi, Kazuhito Imanaka
A 77-year-old man underwent extended right lobectomy of the liver for rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma. Recurrence in the inferior vena cava andright atrium was noted 30 months after surgery. We performedextirpation of this tumor thrombosis under retrograde cerebral perfusion during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. The pericardium was cut through sternotomy, and cooling was initiated. After cardiac arrest at 20.4°C, the inferior vena cava was separated. An incision was made in the right atrium andthe tumor thrombus was extirpated...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Marco Vito Marino, Anastasiia Glagolieva, Domenico Guarrasi
INTRODUCTION: Firstly described in 2002, the robotic liver surgery has not spread widely due to its high cost and the lack of a standardized training program. Still being considered as a 'development in progress' technique, it has however a potential to overcome the traditional limitations of the laparoscopic approach in liver interventions. METHODS: We analyzed the postoperative outcomes of 10 patients who had undergone robotic partial resection of the caudate lobe (Spiegel lobe) from March 2014 to May 2016 in order to evaluate the advantages of robotic technique in hands of a young surgeon...
February 21, 2018: Cirugía Española
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Irina Balescu, Cristian Balalau, Olivia Ionescu, Claudia Stoica
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diaphragmatic surgery in advanced-stage ovarian cancer has been considered since long time to increase the rates of postoperative complications. However, improvement of surgical techniques and perioperative management of these patients has lead in the last decade to a safe association of such procedures as part of debulking process. The aim of the current paper was to report our experience regarding the role of diaphragmatic resections as part of debulking surgery for advanced stage ovarian cancer...
March 2018: In Vivo
Ke-Fei Chen, You-Yin Tang, Rui Wang, Dan Fang, Jun-Hua Chen, Yong Zeng, Bo Li, Tian-Fu Wen, Wen-Tao Wang, Hong Wu, Ming-Qing Xu, Jia-Yin Yang, Yong-Gang Wei, Ji-Wei Huang, Jia-Xin Li, Han-Zhi Zhang, Xi Feng, Lü-Nan Yan, Zhe-Yu Chen
The aim of this study was to evaluate different surgical therapies for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in different clinical stages.We analyze the clinical data of 115 patients who received surgical treatment in West China Hospital from January 2004 to June 2016. Among these patients, 77 cases underwent radical hepatic resection (group A, n = 77); 17 cases underwent palliative resection (group B, n = 17), and 21 cases underwent liver transplantation (group C, n = 21) with 12 cases of orthotopic liver transplantation and 9 cases of liver autotransplantation...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
S E Voskanyan, E S Chuchuyev, A I Artemiyev, D A Zabezhinsky, A N Bashkov, A S Zhurbin, V S Rudakov, S V Cholakyan
AIM: To determine ALPPS advisability in small future remnant liver. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 22 ALPPS procedures were performed at the Center for Surgery and Transplantology for the period from 2011 to 2016. Indications were both tumoral and non-tumoral unresectable liver diseases. Postoperative complications were classified according to Clavien-Dindo, ISGLS. RESULTS: According to CT-volumetry future remnant liver before the 1st stage of ALPPS was from 17 to 25%, before the 2nd stage - from 28 to 49%...
2018: Khirurgiia
Takashi Mizuno, Jordan M Cloyd, Kiyohiko Omichi, Yun Shin Chun, Claudius Conrad, Ching-Wei D Tzeng, Steven H Wei, Thomas A Aloia, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey
BACKGROUND: Both two-stage hepatectomy (TSH) and one-stage hepatectomy (OSH) represent feasible strategies for resection of advanced bilobar colorectal liver metastases (CLM). However, the influence of the surgical approach on postoperative outcomes and overall survival (OS) is unknown. To define the optimal surgical approach for advanced bilobar CLM requiring right hemihepatectomy, we compared short-term and long-term outcomes following TSH and OSH with contralateral resection or radiofrequency ablation (RFA)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Daniel Steffens, Paula R Beckenkamp, Mark Hancock, Michael Solomon, Jane Young
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of preoperative exercises interventions in patients undergoing oncological surgery, on postoperative complications, length of hospital stay and quality of life. DESIGN: Intervention systematic review with meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase and PEDro. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Trials investigating the effectiveness of preoperative exercise for any oncological patient undergoing surgery were included...
March 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Takeshi Kawamura, Takehiro Noji, Keisuke Okamura, Kimitaka Tanaka, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Yuma Ebihara, Yo Kurashima, Toru Nakamura, Soichi Murakami, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Satoshi Hirano
BACKGROUND: Post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is a serious complication after major hepatectomy with extrahepatic bile duct resection (Hx with EBDR) that may cause severe morbidity and even death. The purpose of this study was to compare several criteria systems as predictors of PHLF-related mortality following Hx with EBDR for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHCC). METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 222 patients who underwent Hx with EBDR for PHCC. We compared several criteria systems, including previously established criteria (the International Study Group of Liver Surgery (ISGLS) criterion; and the "50-50" criterion), and our institution's novel systems "Max T-Bili" defined as total bilirubin (T-Bili) >7...
February 8, 2018: Digestive Surgery
Binhao Zhang, Bixiang Zhang, Zhiwei Zhang, Zhiyong Huang, Yifa Chen, Minshan Chen, Ping Bie, Baogang Peng, Liqun Wu, Zhiming Wang, Bo Li, Jia Fan, Lunxiu Qin, Ping Chen, Jingfeng Liu, Zhe Tang, Jun Niu, Xinmin Yin, Deyu Li, Songqing He, Bin Jiang, Yilei Mao, Weiping Zhou, Xiaoping Chen
Hepatectomy is currently routinely performed in most hospitals in China. China owns the largest population of liver diseases and the biggest number of liver resection cases. A nationwide multicenter retrospective investigation involving 112 hospitals was performed, and focused on liver resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). 42,573 cases of hepatectomy were enrolled, and 18,275 valid cases of liver resection for HCC patients were selected for statistical analysis. The epidemiology of HCC, distribution of hepatectomy, postoperative complications and prognosis were finally analyzed...
February 2, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
Qiang Lu, Jian-Wen Lu, Zheng Wu, Xue-Min Liu, Jian-Hui Li, Jian Dong, Guo-Zhi Yin, Yi Lv, Xu-Feng Zhang
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the safety of elderly cancer patients (≥70 years) undergoing hepatic resection (HR) or pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in comparison with younger adults (<70 years). Methods: A total of 1,012 consecutive patients undergoing HR or PD were included. The incidence and severity of morbidity were documented within 30 days postoperatively and compared between elderly and younger groups. Risk factors associated with postoperative morbidity were investigated by multivariate logistic regression analysis...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Nicholas B Abt, Rosh K Sethi, Sidharth V Puram, Mark A Varvares
OBJECTIVES: 1) Describe normal/abnormal preoperative laboratory testing incidence in head and neck (H&N) composite resections and 2) determine complication, surgical site infection (SSI), and transfusion predictors by laboratory test. METHODS: The 2006 to 2013 NSQIP databases were queried for H&N composite resections. Laboratory data was categorized within, under, or above the normal reference range according to NSQIP definitions. Overall complications and SSI were analyzed with multivariable logistic regression analysis...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Shun Miyanari, Toshiya Nagasaki, Hironori Minami, Hironori Fukuoka, Satoshi Murahashi, Shinsuke Suzuki, Hajime Ushigome, Takashi Akiyoshi, Tsuyoshi Konishi, Yoshiya Fujimoto, Satoshi Nagayama, Yosuke Fukunaga, Masashi Ueno
Metastatic ovarian tumors from colon cancer would be resistant to chemotherapy, and compromising quality of life(QOL) of these patients was caused by acute enlargement of the tumors. A 37-year-old woman with abdominal distension was diagnosed with transverse colon cancer, bilateral ovarian metastases, liver metastases, and peritoneal dissemination at prior hospital. Two courses of chemotherapy(FOLFOX)were administered, but metastaticovarian tumors enlarged. Chemotherapy was discontinued and she was referred to our institution...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Bin Liang, Siyang Yao, Jiapeng Zhou, Zongkui Li, Tianqi Liu
Background: To compare the outcomes of liver resection (LR) with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: A total of 122 HBV-related small HCC patients who underwent LR (n=64) or RFA (n=58) were involved in this retrospective study. Their basic clinical data, postoperative complications, survival outcomes, and prognostic factors were compared and analyzed. Results: Patients in the LR group had more serious complications (11 versus 0) and longer postoperative hospital stays (11...
2018: Journal of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
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