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Psychosocial Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339420/a-pilot-study-of-a-worksite-based-participatory-intervention-program-its-acceptability-and-short-term-effects-on-work-climate-and-attitudes-in-human-service-employees
#1
Eva Charlotta Nylén, Petra Lindfors, Lars Ishäll, Sara Göransson, Gunnar Aronsson, Camilla Kylin, Magnus Sverke
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333778/cochlear-implant-in-severe-impaired-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#2
Ioana T Herisanu, Mark Praetorius, Margarete Mattern
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders and intelligence deficiencies are no longer contraindications for cochlear implantation regarding the revised German guidelines from May 2012. This article aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with severe psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore the database of the Cochlear Implant Center of the University Hospital of Heidelberg was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We present three patients who received a cochlear implant (CI) despite a serious psychiatric disorder...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332841/effects-of-diet-quality-and-psychosocial-stress-on-the-metabolic-profiles-of-mice
#3
Tatsuhiko Goto, Shozo Tomonaga, Atsushi Toyoda
There has been an increasing interest in relationship between stress and diet. To address this relationship, we evaluated an animal model of depression: male C57BL/6J mice subjected to subchronic mild social defeat stress (sCSDS) for 10 consecutive days using male ICR mice under two different calorie-adjusted diets conditions-non-purified (MF) and semi-purified (AIN) diets made from natural and chemical ingredients mainly, respectively. Our previous study indicates diet quality and purity affect stress susceptibility in sCSDS mice...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332408/trauma-and-autobiographical-memory-contents-and-determinants-of-earliest-memories-among-war-affected-palestinian-children
#4
Kirsi Peltonen, Samuli Kangaslampi, Samir Qouta, Raija-Leena Punamäki
The contents of earliest memories (EM), as part of autobiographical memory, continue to fascinate scientists and therapists. However, research is scarce on the determinants of EM, especially among children. This study aims, first, to identify contents of EM of children living in war conditions, and, second, to analyse child gender, traumatic events and mental health as determinants of the contents of EM. The participants were 240 Palestinian schoolchildren from the Gaza Strip (10-12 years, M = 11.35, SD = 0...
March 23, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331743/psychiatric-symptoms-and-psychosocial-problems-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Filiz İzci, Ahmet Serkan İlgün, Ebru Fındıklı, Vahit Özmen
Cancer is a physical disease and also one of the leading clinical manifestations where psychosocial problems are prevalent. Psychosocial problems that these patients may have in the long run include anxiety, uneasiness, mourning, helplessness, fatigue, impairment of concentration, sleep disorders, mental and cognitive reservation, sexual dysfunction, infertility, psychological distress, and psychiatric disorders. Psychosocial problems have a nature of underpinning the emergence of psychological troubles. The prevalence of psychological disorders in patients with cancer range from 29% to 47%...
July 2016: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331323/bipolar-disorder-recurrence-prevention-using-self-monitoring-daily-mood-charts-case-reports-from-a-5-year-period
#6
Norio Yasui-Furukori, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Mood symptoms in bipolar disorders are significantly related to psychosocial events, and the personalized identification of symptom triggers is important. Ecological momentary assessments have been used in paper-and-pencil form to explore emotional reactivity to daily life stress in patients with bipolar disorder. However, there are few data on long-term recurrence prevention effects using ecological momentary assessments. Subjects were three outpatients with bipolar disorder who had a history of at least one admission...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331238/psychological-stress-and-coping-resources-during-primary-systemic-therapy-for-breast-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-study
#7
Volker Tschuschke, Georgios Karadaglis, Kalliopi Evangelou, Clara Gräfin von Schweinitz, Jürgen Schwickerath
Introduction This prospective study reports on the impact of psychological factors on women with primary breast cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. These women are in a special situation, where they not only have to deal with the shock of the cancer diagnosis but also with the fact that the malignant tumor will not be removed immediately but only after completing chemotherapy. A situation like this is stressful and requires a personal strength which not every woman may have. Methods In a prospective study 53 patients were assessed using various psychological and psycho-oncological questionnaires which aimed to evaluate their psychological stress and their coping resources...
February 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327208/practical-report-on-long-term-disaster-mental-health-services-following-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-psychological-and-social-background-of-evacuees-in-sendai-city-in-the-mid-to-long-term-post-disaster-period
#8
Masatsugu Orui, Shuichiro Harada, Mizuho Hayashi
OBJECTIVE: The Great East Japan Earthquake, which occurred on March 11, 2011, caused unprecedented damage. To address evacuees' psychosocial issues, our disaster mental health team provided psychosocial support in the form of careful listening and providing information for reconstruction. METHODS: To summarize evacuees' psychosocial issues, we reviewed records of our daily activities and analyzed factors related to continuation or termination of support. Terminated support was defined as the resolution or improvement of psychological issues relative to the time of initial support...
March 22, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326162/trauma-informed-care-for-children-in-the-ambulance-international-survey-among-pre-hospital-providers
#9
Eva Alisic, Mark P Tyler, Melita J Giummarra, Rahim Kassam-Adams, Juul Gouweloos, Markus A Landolt, Nancy Kassam-Adams
Background: Pre-hospital providers, such as paramedics and emergency medical technicians, are in a position to provide key emotional support to injured children and their families. Objective: Our goal was to examine (a) pre-hospital providers' knowledge of traumatic stress in children, attitudes towards psychosocial aspects of care, and confidence in providing psychosocial care, (b) variations in knowledge, attitudes, and confidence according to demographic and professional characteristics, and (c) training preferences of pre-hospital providers regarding psychosocial care to support paediatric patients and their families...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324701/stress-reactivity-and-its-effects-on-subsequent-food-intake-in-depressed-and-healthy-women-with-and-without-adverse-childhood-experiences
#10
Katja Wingenfeld, Linn K Kuehl, Anita Boeker, Katharina Schultebraucks, Kristin Ritter, Julian Hellmann-Regen, Christian Otte, Carsten Spitzer
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) increase the risk to develop major depressive disorder (MDD) and obesity or metabolic syndrome in adulthood. In addition, ACE may be associated with an exaggerated endocrine response to stress, which, in turn, may lead to enhanced food intake resulting in obesity and metabolic problems. METHODS: We systematically examined the stress response and consecutive food intake in 32 women with MDD and ACE as determined by a clinical interview (Early Trauma Inventory), 52 women with MDD without ACE, 22 women with ACE but no current or lifetime MDD and 37 healthy women without either MDD or ACE...
March 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324699/low-vigorous-physical-activity-is-associated-with-increased-adrenocortical-reactivity-to-psychosocial-stress-in-students-with-high-stress-perceptions
#11
Markus Gerber, Sebastian Ludyga, Manuel Mücke, Flora Colledge, Serge Brand, Uwe Pühse
OBJECTIVES: The pathways by which physical activity impacts on participants' health are still not fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond existing research by combining methods from survey-based and experimental stress research, and by examining whether the potential of vigorous physical activity (VPA) to attenuate physiological and psychological stress responses is moderated by participants' subjective stress perception. METHODS: The sample consisted of 42 undergraduate students (M=21...
March 6, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321962/psychosocial-care-for-children-with-haemophilia-and-their-parents-in-the-netherlands
#12
REVIEW
P F Limperg, L Haverman, M Beijlevelt, M van der Pot, G Zaal, W A de Boer, K Fijnvandraat, M Peters, M A Grootenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Children growing up with haemophilia are at greater risk for psychosocial problems than their healthy peers. Providing psychosocial care to children with haemophilia and their families is indispensable, since psychosocial factors can have a significant impact on health and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). AIMS: Our aim was to give a description of psychosocial care provided by the multidisciplinary team of the Hemophilia Comprehensive Care Centre (HCCC) at the Emma Children's Hospital in Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
March 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320796/effect-of-alcohol-consumption-and-psychosocial-stressors-on-preterm-and-small-for-gestational-age-births-in-hiv-infected-women-in-south-africa-a-cohort-study
#13
Ayesha Sania, Kirsty Brittain, Tamsin K Phillips, Allison Zerbe, Agnes Ronan, Landon Myer, Elaine J Abrams
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial stressors such as depression and stress, intimate partner violence (IPV) and alcohol use have been linked to preterm and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births in general populations. The prevalence of psychosocial stressors and alcohol abuse is high in many HIV-infected (HIV+) populations. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of psychosocial stressors and alcohol abuse on birth outcomes in HIV-infected women. METHODS: Antenatal depression and non-specific psychological distress, periconception IPV and alcohol consumption were measured during the second trimester among HIV+ women initiating antiretroviral treatment with efavirenz + emtricitibine + tenofovir in Cape Town, South Africa...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319688/attenuated-dhea-and-dhea-s-response-to-acute-psychosocial-stress-in-individuals-with-depressive-disorders
#14
Xiaoling Jiang, Wen Zhong, Haiyan An, Mingyu Fu, Yuanyuan Chen, Zhenggang Zhang, Zhongju Xiao
BACKGROUND: In recent years, a relationship between depression and basal dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) levels has frequently been suggested, but responses of these adrenal steroids to psychosocial stress have not been examined in individuals with depressive disorders. In this study, we examined salivary DHEA, DHEA-S, and cortisol/DHEA response to the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in individuals with depressive disorders and in healthy controls to discover whether the responses of DHEA and DHEA-S to acute psychosocial stress could be a more sensitive marker of HPA dysfunction in depressive disorders...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317621/uric-acid-excretion-predicts-increased-blood-pressure-among-american-adolescents-of-african-descent
#15
Sylvie Mrug, Michal Mrug, Anjana Madan Morris, Nina Reynolds, Anita Patel, Danielle C Hill, Daniel I Feig
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia predicts the incidence of hypertension in adults and its treatment has blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects in adolescents. To date, no studies have examined the predictive usage of hyperuricemia or urinary uric acid excretion on BP changes in adolescents. Mechanistic models suggest that uric acid impairs both endothelial function and vascular compliance, which would potentially exacerbate a myriad of hypertensive mechanisms, yet little is known about interaction of uric acid and other hypertension risk factors...
April 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315630/risk-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-in-early-postpartum-period-and-after-puerperium-are-they-the-same
#16
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Correlation between the occurrence of postnatal depressive symptoms at 5 days and 6 weeks postpartum is well established. The objective of the study was to determine the influence of psychosocial and perinatal factors on the occurrence of postpartum depressive symptoms 2 to 5 days and 6 weeks after delivery. METHODS: 373 women in early postpartum (EPG) and 107 women 6 weeks after delivery (late postpartum group - LPG) completed a questionnaire including questions concerning mothers' characteristics, obstetric and neonatal complications during pregnancy, psychiatric factors and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
November 19, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315459/dynamic-reorganization-of-intrinsic-functional-networks-in-the-mouse-brain
#17
Joanes Grandjean, Maria Giulia Preti, Thomas Aw Bolton, Michaela Buerge, Erich Seifritz, Christopher R Pryce, Dimitri Van De Ville, Markus Rudin
Functional connectivity (FC) derived from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) allows for the integrative study of neuronal processes at a macroscopic level. The majority of studies to date have assumed stationary interactions between brain regions, without considering the dynamic aspects of network organization. Only recently has the latter received increased attention, predominantly in human studies. Applying dynamic FC (dFC) analysis to mice is attractive given the relative simplicity of the mouse brain and the possibility to explore mechanisms underlying network dynamics using pharmacological, environmental or genetic interventions...
March 14, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314964/increased-intake-of-energy-dense-diet-and-negative-energy-balance-in-a-mouse-model-of-chronic-psychosocial-defeat
#18
Roberto Coccurello, Adele Romano, Giacomo Giacovazzo, Bianca Tempesta, Marco Fiore, Anna Maria Giudetti, Ilaria Marrocco, Fabio Altieri, Anna Moles, Silvana Gaetani
PURPOSE: Chronic exposure to stress may represent a risk factor for developing metabolic and eating disorders, mostly driven by the overconsumption of easily accessible energy-dense palatable food, although the mechanisms involved remain still unclear. In this study, we used an ethologically oriented murine model of chronic stress caused by chronic psychosocial defeat (CPD) to investigate the effects of unrestricted access to a palatable high fat diet (HFD) on food intake, body weight, energy homeostasis, and expression of different brain neuropeptides...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306624/the-association-of-work-characteristics-with-ovarian-cancer-risk-and-mortality
#19
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Elizabeth M Poole, Annika Idahl, Eva Lundin, Anil K Sood, Ichiro Kawachi, Laura D Kubzansky, Shelley S Tworoger
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer (OvCA) is a leading cause of cancer death for women. Depression and social isolation have been associated with a higher OvCA risk and poorer survival, but other forms of chronic psychosocial stress, including work-related characteristics, remain understudied. METHODS: Women from three prospective cohorts (Nurses' Health Study (NHS), n=31,754; Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII), n=74,260; Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study (NSHDS); nnested case-control study=196) completed a job questionnaire, assessing demand and control at work, social support provided by coworkers and supervisor, and job security...
March 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302658/analysis-of-the-psychosocial-impact-of-caretaking-on-the-parents-of-an-infant-with-severe-congenital-heart-defect
#20
Jessica Lazar, Mark Justin Hylarides
This case report considers the psychosocial burden of caring for an infant with a severe congenital heart defect (CHD) on parents. Improved prenatal diagnostics and postnatal surgical intervention have created a new and increasing demographic of children and adults with CHDs that require lifelong medical care. For this reason, primary caregivers spend excessive amounts of time in hospitals and medical facilities, and must regularly decipher vast amounts of unfamiliar medical terminology and concepts with varying levels of assistance from medical personnel...
March 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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