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Psychosocial Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726338/household-fear-of-deportation-in-mexican-origin-families-relation-to-body-mass-index-percentiles-and-salivary-uric-acid
#1
Airín D Martínez, Lillian Ruelas, Douglas A Granger
OBJECTIVE: Fear of deportation (FOD) is a prevalent concern among mixed-status families. Yet, our understanding of how FOD shapes human health and development is in its infancy. To begin to address this knowledge gap, we examined the relationship between household FOD, body mass index (BMI) percentiles and salivary uric acid (sUA), a biomarker related to oxidative stress/hypertension/metabolic syndrome, among 111 individuals living in Mexican-origin families. METHODS: Participants were 65 children (2 months-17 years, 49% female) and 46 adults (20-58 years, 71% female) living in 30 Mexican-origin families with at least one immigrant parent in Phoenix, AZ...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724431/biological-embedding-of-childhood-adversity-from-physiological-mechanisms-to-clinical-implications
#2
REVIEW
Anne E Berens, Sarah K G Jensen, Charles A Nelson
BACKGROUND: Adverse psychosocial exposures in early life, namely experiences such as child maltreatment, caregiver stress or depression, and domestic or community violence, have been associated in epidemiological studies with increased lifetime risk of adverse outcomes, including diabetes, heart disease, cancers, and psychiatric illnesses. Additional work has shed light on the potential molecular mechanisms by which early adversity becomes "biologically embedded" in altered physiology across body systems...
July 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724297/-living-in-the-moment-among-cancer-survivors-who-report-life-transforming-change
#3
Perry Skeath, Ann Berger
BACKGROUND: Some cancer survivors say that while coping with their illness they have had what they identify as a highly beneficial, personal, life-transforming change (LTC; a self-subscribed condition among participants in this study, not a researcher-defined construct). Previously we found that the content of LTC was highly individual; but certain features of the LTC process were quite uniform. For example, LTC was driven by a very rational desire to remain genuinely functional as a person in the midst of highly stressful circumstances...
July 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724029/-psychosocial-stress-at-work-and-alcohol-consumption-patterns-in-offshore-oil-workers
#4
Jahina Moura Vidal, Angela Mendes Abreu, Luciana Fernandes Portela
The objectives were to assess the association between psychosocial stress at work and alcohol consumption patterns in offshore oil workers. This was a cross-sectional study of 210 workers on offshore oil rigs in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July to September 2014. The data collection instrument was a self-completed multidimensional questionnaire. Exposure to stress was measured by the demand-control model and alcohol consumption pattern was measured with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720258/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-the-use-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-in-the-delivery-of-nurse-led-supportive-care-to-people-with-colorectal-cancer
#5
Grigorios Kotronoulas, Constantina Papadopoulou, Lorna MacNicol, Mhairi Simpson, Roma Maguire
PURPOSE: Logistical issues pertinent to the use of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) by colorectal cancer nurse specialists (CNS) to identify the needs of people with colorectal cancer (CRC) in acute care remain unknown. We explored the feasibility and acceptability of PROMs-driven, CNS-led consultations to enhance delivery of supportive care to people with CRC completing adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: A systematic literature review and focus groups with patients and CNS (Phase 1) were followed by a repeated-measures, exploratory study (Phase 2), whereby pre-consultation PROM data were collected during three consecutive, monthly consultations, and used by the CNS to enable delivery of personalised supportive care...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717750/fear-of-treatments-surpasses-demographic-and-socioeconomic-factors-in-affecting-patients-with-breast-cancer-in-urban-south-africa
#6
Sarah Rayne, Kathryn Schnippel, Cynthia Firnhaber, Kathryne Wright, Deirdre Kruger, Carol-Ann Benn
PURPOSE: Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer in women in South Africa, and often patients present late. There is little understanding of the psychosocial stresses affecting women with breast cancer in Africa. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 263 patients with breast cancer at two sites (one government and one private facility) in Johannesburg. Self-reported levels of fear were recorded on summative scales and their relationship to demographic variables assessed through univariable and multivariable modified Poisson regression...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717512/trauma-related-emotions-and-radical-acceptance-in-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-childhood-sexual-abuse
#7
Nora Görg, Kathlen Priebe, Jan R Böhnke, Regina Steil, Anne S Dyer, Nikolaus Kleindienst
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) related to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is often associated with a wide range of trauma-related aversive emotions such as fear, disgust, sadness, shame, guilt, and anger. Intense experience of aversive emotions in particular has been linked to higher psychopathology in trauma survivors. Most established psychosocial treatments aim to reduce avoidance of trauma-related memories and associated emotions. Interventions based on Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) also foster radical acceptance of the traumatic event...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716704/-psychosocial-working-conditions-of-physician-assistants-results-from-a-qualitative-study-on-occupational-stress-resources-possible-approaches-to-prevention-and-intervention-needs
#8
Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Adrian Loerbroks
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have documented adverse psychosocial working conditions among health care staff. Working conditions may not only impair the health outcomes of this professional group, but can also affect the quality of care they deliver to patients. Previous work stress research has mainly focused on physicians and nurses. Comparable evidence remains limited, however, for physician assistants (Medizinische Fachangestellte, MFAs), who represent the largest professional group in German primary care...
July 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716112/psychosocial-interventions-for-managing-occupational-stress-and-burnout-among-medical-doctors-a-systematic-review
#9
Bonnie A Clough, Sonja March, Raymond J Chan, Leanne M Casey, Rachel Phillips, Michael J Ireland
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress and burnout are highly prevalent among medical doctors and can have adverse effects on patient, doctor, and organisational outcomes. The purpose of the current study was to review and evaluate evidence on psychosocial interventions aimed at reducing occupational stress and burnout among medical doctors. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted for original research articles reporting on psychosocial interventions targeting occupational stress or burnout among medical doctors, published in the English language, and with data collected at a minimum of two time points...
July 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715698/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-of-the-effect-of-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-and-problems-among-young-adults
#10
Bridgid Mariko Conn, Kida Ejesi, Dawn W Foster
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use among young adult populations. Further, there is substantial evidence of the association between psychosocial stressors and greater alcohol consumption. In the present study, we examined whether acculturative stress would moderate the relationship between major drinking motives and alcohol use behaviors and alcohol-related problems, and whether this relationship differs by racial/ethnic group...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714605/epigenetic-alterations-and-prenatal-maternal-depression
#11
REVIEW
Zsofia Nemoda, Moshe Szyf
Major depressive disorder of the mother affects 6 to 17% of pregnancies worldwide and can lead to negative outcomes, such as preterm delivery and later mental health problems of the child. It has been proposed that developmental programming has long-lasting effects in the offspring that might be mediated by epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation. Altered stress regulation or impaired immunological function of the mother can potentially affect DNA methylation processes of the fetus, changing gene expression levels in utero...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713797/health-related-quality-of-life-after-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-perspectives-of-health-care-providers
#12
Mar Miserachs, David B Nicholas, Anthony R Otley, Vicky Lee Ng
With improved survival outcomes after pediatric liver transplantation (LT), health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome metric. Understanding the elements contributing to HRQoL after LT in children would enable more targeted strategies towards optimizing best outcomes. This qualitative study aimed to explore health care providers (HCP) perceptions about HRQoL after pediatric LT. Thirteen experienced HCP participated in two focus group discussions. Data analysis via a thematic analysis approach revealed 4 major themes: "LT as a facilitator of better HRQoL," "coping and adapting to LT," "living with a transplanted liver," and "the family context...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713032/psychosocial-rehabilitation-after-war-trauma-with-adaptive-disclosure-design-and-rationale-of-a-comparative-efficacy-trial
#13
Julie D Yeterian, Danielle S Berke, Brett T Litz
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from warzone exposure is associated with chronic and disabling social and occupational problems. However, functional impairment is rarely assessed or targeted directly in PTSD treatments, which instead focus on symptom reduction. Trauma-related contributors to diminished functioning, including guilt, shame, and anger resulting from morally compromising or loss-based war experiences, are also underemphasized. The goal of this clinical trial is to fill a substantial gap in the treatment of military-related PTSD by testing a modified Adaptive Disclosure (AD) therapy for war-related PTSD stemming from moral injury and traumatic loss focused on improving psychosocial functioning AD...
July 13, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712424/determinants-and-incidence-of-depression-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
S A Berzins, A G Bulloch, J M Burton, K S Dobson, G H Fick, S B Patten
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and explore potential determinants of incidence of depression in MS. METHODS: A prospective cohort study used a sample of 192 patients from the southern Alberta MS clinic registry. Participants completed baseline risk factor assessment questionnaires using either online, mail or telephone surveys, and completed the Patient Health Questionnaire every 2weeks for 6months to assess depressive symptoms in real time. Risk factors assessed included biopsychosocial variables such as socioeconomic status, illness-related factors, childhood risk factors, psychosocial factors, and health behaviors...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711723/diurnal-cortisol-rhythms-fatigue-and-psychosocial-factors-in-five-year-survivors-of-ovarian-cancer
#15
Michaela G Cuneo, Andrew Schrepf, George M Slavich, Premal H Thaker, Michael Goodheart, David Bender, Steve W Cole, Anil K Sood, Susan K Lutgendorf
Fatigue is a challenge in ovarian cancer survivorship and greatly impacts quality of life. In other cancer populations, fatigue has been associated with abnormal diurnal cortisol patterns. However, little is known about biological and behavioral factors in 5+-year ovarian cancer survivors and potential mechanisms underlying persistent fatigue have not been investigated in this population. Moreover, relationships between neuroendocrine and psychosocial factors in 5+-year ovarian cancer survivors have not been studied...
June 30, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711513/the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-function-stress-management-training-in-glycemic-control-in-children-and-in-mental-health-of-mother-caring-for-child-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Mozhdeh Saghaei, Pouya Omidi, Elham Hashemi Dehkordi, Parvin Safavi
AIM: The study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a training course of cognitive-behavioral stress management in glycaemia regulation in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus as well as in mental health status of their mothers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and their mothers were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. A group of mothers (n=25; as experimental one besides their children) passed a course, eight 2-h sessions, on the cognitive-behavioral and stress management, and the control group received the usual care...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707156/trajectories-of-mood-and-stress-and-relationships-with-protective-factors-during-the-transition-to-menopause-results-using-latent-class-growth-modeling-in-a-canadian-cohort
#17
Eva Guérin, Gary Goldfield, Denis Prud'homme
The menopause transition is characterized by significant hormonal changes that may predispose women to psychosocial maladjustment. Prospective studies to date have focused primarily on negative mood states and show equivocal findings. The primary goal of this study was to identify patterns of change with respect to positive and negative mood states (vigor, depression, tension, and stress) over a 5-year period in a cohort of women undergoing the transition to menopause. A secondary aim was to determine whether the identified trajectories were associated with menopause status as well as baseline health-related and psychological characteristics...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704801/stress-depressive-status-and-telomere-length-does-social-interaction-and-coping-strategy-play-a-mediating-role
#18
Jia Jia Liu, Ya Bin Wei, Yvonne Forsell, Catharina Lavebratt
BACKGROUND: Telomeres have been reported to be shorter in individuals exposed to psychosocial stress and in those with depression. Since negative environmental stress is a risk factor for depression, the present study tested whether stressors in childhood (CA) and recent adulthood (NLE) predicted telomere attrition directly and/or indirectly through individuals' depressive status 3-6 years before TL measurement; and then if social interaction and coping strategies in adulthood influenced the relationship between depressive status and TL...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704735/successful-voluntary-recruitment-of-cognitive-control-under-acute-stress
#19
Franziska Plessow, Susann Schade, Clemens Kirschbaum, Rico Fischer
In highly complex task situations (dual tasking), stressed individuals have been shown to adapt the most resource-efficient task processing strategy, accepting costs of performance. We argue that an interpretation of this behavior in terms of a stress-induced impairment of cognitive control might be too simplified. In the present study, we therefore tested whether stressed individuals are still capable to up-regulate cognitive control when instructed to adapt more resource-intensive strategies, enabling preservation of task performance...
July 10, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702768/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-impact-of-return-to-work-coordinators-in-getting-injured-workers-back-on-the-job
#20
Tyler J Lane, Rebbecca Lilley, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Anthony D LaMontagne, Malcolm R Sim, Peter M Smith
Purpose To assess the impact of workplace-based return-to-work (RTW) Coordinators' interpersonal and functional activities on RTW outcomes. Methods Multivariable logistic regression analyses of cross-sectional and longitudinal survey responses of 632 injured workers with at least 10 days of work absence in Victoria, Australia, adjusting for demographic and other workplace factors. Outcome was being back at work for at least 1 month, measured at both baseline and 6 month follow-up survey. Participant responses to stressfulness of Coordinator interactions were dichotomised into good and poor and evaluated as a proxy for Coordinators' interpersonal activities, while having a RTW plan was evaluated as a proxy for functional activities...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
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