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Psychosocial Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429614/are-mothers-protective-attachment-strategies-related-to-their-children-s-strategies
#1
Patricia M Crittenden, Katrina Robson, Alison Tooby, Charles Fleming
AIMS: We explored the relation between mothers' protective attachment strategies and those of their school-age children. METHODS: In total, 49 child-mother dyads participated in a short longitudinal study when the children were 5.5 and 6.0 years old. Their strategies were first assessed with the Preschool Assessment of Attachment (PAA) and then with the School-age Assessment of Attachment (SAA). Mothers were assessed with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The Dynamic-Maturational Model of Attachment and Adaptation (DMM) was used to classify the assessments...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424888/posttraumatic-growth-and-well-being-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-ayas-with-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#2
O Husson, B Zebrack, R Block, L Embry, C Aguilar, B Hayes-Lattin, S Cole
PURPOSE: This study examines posttraumatic growth (PTG) among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer, as well as its correlates and trajectories over time. The study also explores the buffering role of PTG on the associations between posttraumatic stress (PTS), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychological distress. METHODS: A multicenter, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted among AYA cancer patients aged 14-39 years. One hundred sixty-nine patients completed a self-report measure of PTG (PTGI) and PTS (PDS) 6, 12, and 24 months after baseline (within the first 4 months of diagnosis)...
April 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421641/it-is-not-just-about-occupation-but-also-about-where-you-work
#3
Hanne Berthelsen, Hugo Westerlund, Jari J Hakanen, Tage S Kristensen
OBJECTIVES: Dentistry is characterized by a meaningful but also stressful psychosocial working environment. Job satisfaction varies among staff working under different organizational forms. The aim of this study was to identify (i) to what extent crucial psychosocial work environment characteristics differ among occupations in general public dental clinics in Sweden, and (ii) how much of the variation within each occupation is attributable to the organizational level. METHODS: All staff (N=1782) employed in four public dental organizations received an email with personal log-in to an electronic questionnaire based on the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire...
April 18, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421608/can-functional-emotion-regulation-protect-children-s-mental-health-from-war-trauma-a-palestinian-study
#4
Marwan Diab, Kirsi Peltonen, Samir R Qouta, Esa Palosaari, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Effective emotion regulation (ER) is expected to protect mental health in traumatic stress. We first analysed the protective (moderator) function of different ER strategies and the associations between ER and mental health. Second, we tested gender differences in the protective function of ER and the associations between ER strategies and mental health. Participants were 482 Palestinian children (girls 49.4%; 10-13 years, M = 11.29, SD = .68) whose ER was assessed by the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and mental health by post-traumatic stress (Children's Impact Event Scale), depressive, and psychological distress (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) symptoms, and by psychosocial well-being (Mental Health Continuum-Short Form)...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419649/a-paradigm-for-examining-stress-effects-on-alcohol-motivated-behaviors-in-participants-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#5
Mary E McCaul, Gary S Wand, Elise M Weerts, Xiaoqiang Xu
Although epidemiological research has shown an increase in drinking following stressors and trauma, limited paradigms have been validated to study the relationship between stress and drinking in the human laboratory. The current study developed a progressive ratio (PR) operant procedure to examine the effects of psychosocial stress on alcohol craving and several alcohol-motivated behaviors in persons with alcohol use disorder. Current heavy, nontreatment-seeking drinkers (N = 30) were media-recruited and completed a comprehensive assessment of recent drinking, mood and health...
April 17, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417549/searching-for-a-job-cardiac-responses-to-acute-stress-and-the-mediating-role-of-threat-appraisal-in-young-people
#6
M Zandara, M Garcia-Lluch, C Villada, V Hidalgo, A Salvador
Being unemployed and looking for a job has become a source of stress for many people in several European countries. However, little attention has been paid to the impact of this stressful situation on the individuals' psychophysiological stress responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of being an unemployed job seeker on cognitive threat appraisal and cardiac responses to a psychosocial stressor. We exposed a group of unemployed job seekers (N = 42) and a matched group of unemployed non-job seekers (N = 40) to a standardized social stressor in form of job interview, the Trier Social Stress Test...
April 18, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416042/earthquakes-fuel-crisis-power-outages-and-health-care-in-nepal-implications-for-the-future
#7
Bipin Adhikari, Shiva Raj Mishra, Sujan Babu Marahatta, Nils Kaehler, Kumar Paudel, Janak Adhikari, Shristi Raut
Earthquakes are a major natural calamity with pervasive effects on human life and nature. Similar effects are mimicked by man-made disasters such as fuel crises and power outages in developing countries. Natural and man-made disasters can cause intangible human suffering and often leave scars of lifelong psychosocial damage. Lessons from these disasters are frequently not implemented. The main objective of this study was to review the effects of the 2015 earthquakes, fuel crisis, and power outages on the health services of Nepal and formulate recommendations for the future...
April 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415916/association-between-psychosocial-stress-and-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Mei-Yan Liu, Na Li, William A Li, Hajra Khan
AIM: The etiology of hypertension is various and complex, involving both genetic and behavioral factors. The relationship between psychosocial stress and hypertension has been hypothesized. More and more people experience increased anxiety, depression, and chronic psychosocial stress brought on by globalization, cultural changes, socioeconomic changes, and stress at the work place. Although a plethora of studies have investigated the interaction between psychosocial stress and hypertension, this relationship is still contentious...
April 17, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415007/religion-spirituality-and-mental-health-of-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#9
Vanshdeep Sharma, Deborah B Marin, Harold K Koenig, Adriana Feder, Brian M Iacoviello, Steven M Southwick, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: In the last three decades, there has been increased interest in studying the association between religion/spirituality (R/S), and mental health and functional outcomes. METHODS: Using data from a contemporary, nationally representative sample of 3151 U.S. military veterans maintained by GfK Knowledge Networks, Inc., we evaluated the relation between R/S and a broad range of mental health, and psychosocial variables. Veterans were grouped into three groups based on scores on the Duke University Religion Index: High R/S (weighted 11...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414570/perceived-stress-in-online-prostate-cancer-community-participants-examining-relationships-with-stigmatization-social-support-network-preference-and-social-support-seeking
#10
Camella J Rising, Nadine Bol, Amelia Burke-Garcia, Stephen Rains, Kevin B Wright
Men with prostate cancer often need social support to help them cope with illness-related physiological and psychosocial challenges. Whether those needs are met depends on receiving support optimally matched to their needs. This study examined relationships between perceived stress, prostate cancer-related stigma, weak-tie support preference, and online community use for social support in a survey of online prostate cancer community participants (n = 149). Findings revealed a positive relationship between stigma and perceived stress...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412526/birth-setting-labour-experience-and-postpartum-psychological-distress
#11
Anna L MacKinnon, Lisa Yang, Nancy Feeley, Ian Gold, Barbara Hayton, Phyllis Zelkowitz
OBJECTIVE: although psychosocial risk factors have been identified for postpartum depression (PPD) and perinatal posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the role of labour- and birth-related factors remains unclear. The present investigation explored the impact of birth setting, subjective childbirth experience, and their interplay, on PPD and postpartum PTSD. METHOD: in this prospective longitudinal cohort study, three groups of women who had vaginal births at a tertiary care hospital, a birthing center, and those transferred from the birthing centre to the tertiary care hospital were compared...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411508/interventions-to-support-people-with-dementia-and-their-caregivers-during-the-transition-from-home-care-to-nursing-home-care-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Christian Müller, Sindy Lautenschläger, Gabriele Meyer, Astrid Stephan
BACKGROUND: During the transition of people with dementia from home to nursing home family caregivers often feel burdened. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to 1) identify interventions which support people with dementia and their caregivers in the transition from home care to nursing home care, 2) synthesize the evidence for efficacy of these interventions, and 3) examine whether the identified interventions have been systematically developed, evaluated and implemented according to the Medical Research Council guidance on complex interventions...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410857/measuring-participant-effort-in-a-depression-prevention-trial-who-engages-in-problem-solving-therapy
#13
Sarah T Stahl, Steven M Albert, Mary Amanda Dew, Stewart Anderson, Jordan F Karp, Ariel G Gildengers, Meryl A Butters, Charles F Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: To determine the acceptability of clinical interventions for depression prevention, identification of clinical characteristics associated with intervention engagement is needed. The purpose of this study is to describe levels and correlates of participant engagement in Problem Solving Therapy (PST) in adults 60 and older with subthreshold depression. METHODS: As part of a clinical trial to prevent depression among older adults with subthreshold depression, participants who were randomized to receive PST completed 6-8 sessions in which they learned skills to solve self-selected problems that were contributing to stress and reduced quality of life...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407737/pain-in-amaxhosa-women-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-of-ambulant-outpatients
#14
Romy Parker, Jennifer Jelsma, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS, whether or not they are receiving anti-retroviral therapy. A recent systematic review identified a paucity of studies exploring pain in women in low and middle income countries. The prevalence and characteristics of pain in women living with HIV/AIDS may differ from that of men as many chronic pain conditions are more prevalent in women. The aims of this study were to establish pain prevalence, characteristics and management in amaXhosa women living with HIV/AIDS...
April 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407552/physician-patient-communication-at-diagnosis-of-type-2-diabetes-and-its-links-to-patient-outcomes-new-results-from-the-global-introdia%C3%A2-study
#15
William H Polonsky, Matthew Capehorn, Anne Belton, Susan Down, Aus Alzaid, Victoria Gamerman, Friedericke Nagel, Jisoo Lee, Steven Edelman
AIMS: To investigate patient experiences during the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), focusing on how physician-patient communication at diagnosis influences patients' psychosocial stress and subsequent self-management and outcomes. METHODS: We surveyed adults with T2DM in 26 countries in a large cross-national study of physician-patient communication during early T2DM treatment (IntroDia®). The self-report questionnaire assessed retrospectively patient experiences during diagnosis conversations (focusing on 43 possible conversational elements, and communication quality) and potential effects on patient-reported outcomes...
March 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407156/enhancing-care-models-to-capture-psychological-trauma
#16
Mary Suzanne Balch, Jo Loomis
Toxic levels of stress in childhood are an ongoing threat to public health. Traumatized children have special needs for health care to address their developmental, mental health, and medical problems, and mitigate risk for long-term health problems. Developmental trauma leads to increased use of medical, social, correctional, and mental health services. Longitudinal and retrospective studies link childhood trauma and adversity to academic difficulties, poor health, and low economic productivity in adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407040/experiences-of-discrimination-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#17
Kara M Whitaker, Susan A Everson-Rose, James S Pankow, Carlos J Rodriguez, Tené T Lewis, Kiarri N Kershaw, Ana V Diez Roux, Pamela L Lutsey
Experiences of discrimination are associated with increased risk of adverse health outcomes; however, it is unknown whether discrimination is related to incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (diabetes). We investigated the associations of major experiences of discrimination (unfair treatment in 6 situations) and everyday discrimination (frequency of day-to-day experiences of unfair treatment) with incident diabetes among 5,310 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, enrolled in 2000-2002. Using Cox proportional hazards models, we estimated hazard ratios and confidence intervals, adjusting for demographic factors, depressive symptoms, stress, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, diet, waist circumference, and body mass index...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402697/the-prenatal-distress-measure-adaptation-of-the-postpartum-distress-measure-for-a-prenatal-sample
#18
Niela M Hirsch, Randy Fingerhut, Kelly C Allison
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a significant transition period for women that can be markedly stressful. The presence of elevated depressed mood and anxiety during pregnancy places mothers, fetuses, and neonates at greater risk for developing biological and psychological difficulties. It appears that no general measures of distress currently exist that can be used to screen for both prenatal anxiety and mood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study explores the applicability of postpartum distress measure (PDM), a validated general distress postpartum screening tool, in a prenatal sample...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401613/implementing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-critical-care-settings-perspectives-of-healthcare-professionals
#19
Charlotte Handberg, Anna Katarina Voss
AIM: The aim of the current study was to describe the perspectives of healthcare professionals caring for intubated patients on implementing Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) in critical care settings. BACKGROUND: Patients in critical care settings subjected to endotracheal intubation suffer from a temporary functional speech disorder and can also experience anxiety, stress and delirium, leading to longer and more complicated hospitalization and rehabilitation...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399928/australian-children-living-with-rare-diseases-experiences-of-diagnosis-and-perceived-consequences-of-diagnostic-delays
#20
Yvonne Zurynski, Marie Deverell, Troy Dalkeith, Sandra Johnson, John Christodoulou, Helen Leonard, Elizabeth J Elliott
BACKGROUND: Children and families living with rare disease often experience significant health, psychosocial, economic burdens and diagnostic delays. Experiences appear to be constant, regardless of the specific rare disease diagnosis. Systematically collected Australian data to support policy response on rare diseases are scarce. We address this gap by providing survey results about 462 children aged <19 years living with approximately 200 different rare diseases. RESULTS: Of 462 children, 96% were born in Australia, 55% were male, median age was 8...
April 11, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
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