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Psychosocial Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916763/express-exploring-the-experiences-and-psychosocial-stresses-of-taiwanese-patients-with-pulmonary-hypertension-a-qualitative-interview-study
#1
Yung-Chih Chiang, Li-Yu Hu, Jeremy Couper, Chin-Chang Cheng, Wei-Chun Huang, Ti Lu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916619/understanding-the-relationship-between-sentinel-events-and-sources-of-work-related-stress-for-prevention-programmes-an-italian-survey
#2
Ruggero Andrisano-Ruggieri, Pietro Crescenzo, Mario Capunzo, Francesco De Caro, Riccardo Savastano, Manuela Pennisi, Giovanni Boccia
OBJECTIVES: According to Legislative Decree n. 81/08 and Ministerial Circular of 18/11/2010, this paper proposes to verify the relationship between the sources of risk of stress, sentinel events and gender. METHODS: Sentinel events and their variations are mapped for three years. Successively, a self-reported OPRA (Organizational and Psychosocial Risk Assessment) questionnaire was administered. The sample was not probabilistic and balanced for two categories: Inside Sentinel Event and Outside Sentinel Event...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916573/-the-role-of-safety-climate-and-the-relationship-with-job-satisfaction-an-exploratory-study-across-three-different-occupational-contexts
#3
Federica Emanuel, Lara Colombo, Claudio G Cortese, Chiara Ghislieri
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the role of the "safety climate", or the organization's attention to health and safety of workers, and of job demand and resources in relation with job satisfaction. Wellbeing at work is a topic of growing interest, in line with the legislation and the programs on health and safety of workers and management and the evaluation of psychosocial risks. Several studies show that organizational actions concerning health and safety can be an indicator of the attention to employees' wellbeing, even if studies about the relationship between safety climate and some psychosocial outcomes are scant...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916521/mental-health-promotion-for-gender-minority-adolescents
#4
Valerie Tobin, Walter O Bockting, Tonda L Hughes
The current study uses an ecological model of biopsychosocial vulnerability to guide the description of risk and protective factors for the mental health of gender minority (i.e., transgender and gender non-conforming) adolescents at the individual, family, community, and societal levels. Minority stress is the vulnerability of youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) to adverse mental health outcomes due to stigma. In addition, unlike cisgender (non-transgender) LGB individuals, gender minorities may experience internal stress related to gender dysphoria...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913780/pain-among-women-associations-with-socio-economic-factors-over-time-and-the-mediating-role-of-depressive-symptoms
#5
Johanna Thomtén, Joaquim J F Soares, Örjan Sundin
Background and aims Lower socioeconomic status (SES), based on economic situation, education and occupation, has been associated with greater morbidity and mortality in a wide range of diseases, and socioeconomic inequalities have been found in several chronic pain populations. Since women are overrepresented in several clinical pain conditions, there is a need to understand the influence of SES among women with pain. In a previous cross-sectional study, socioeconomic-and work conditions were associated with pain among women from the general population of Sweden...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913683/psychosocial-aspects-of-everyday-life-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review
#6
Lotte Nygaard Andersen, Maria Kohberg, Birgit Juul-Kristensen, Lene Gram Herborg, Karen Søgaard, Kirsten Kaya Roessler
Background and objective Chronic pain is a growing phenomenon worldwide. It is considered a medical problem because, besides the socio-economic issues involved, pain is often accompanied by psychosocial problems. Apart from the physical pain, living with chronic pain has many additional consequences. People living with chronic pain generally suffer from other physical and psychological consequences. The impact of chronic pain varies enormously between individuals, but the suffering is frequently pervasive and detrimental...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912601/preliminary-efficacy-of-a-friendly-constraint-induced-therapy-friendly-cit-program-on-motor-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Yu-Lun Chen, Hao-Ling Chen, Jeng-Yi Shieh, Tien-Ni Wang
AIMS: Constraint-induced therapy (CIT) is effective, but concerns have been repeatedly raised regarding the generalizability, feasibility, and potentially intrusive nature of restraining a child's unimpaired upper limb. We examined the feasibility and efficacy of friendly-CIT, which uses home-based model, a caregiver-determined schedule, and gentle restraint, in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: In a one-group pre-post intervention trial, 15 children (median of age = 8 years, 4 months) participated in 8 weeks of friendly-CIT (36 hours)...
June 18, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912312/aesthetic-perceptions-and-psychosocial-impact-of-malocclusion-comparison-between-cleft-and-non-cleft-patients-and-their-parents
#8
Sreevatsan Raghavan, Koshi Philip, Puneet Batra, Agneta Marcusson
Objective: To evaluate the influence of dentofacial attractiveness using the 'Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire' (PIDAQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Aesthetic Component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) in patients with cleft lip/palate (CLP), and non-cleft orthodontic patients (Non-CLP) and their parents. Materials and methods: Eighty patients (aged 11-19 years) comprising 40 CLP and 40 non-CLP were administered the PIDAQ and SWLS questionnaires to be rated individually by the patients, along with IOTN-AC rated by the patients and their parents, respectively...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910757/endurance-and-resistance-trained-men-exhibit-lower-cardiovascular-responses-to-psychosocial-stress-than-untrained-men
#9
Peter Gröpel, Maren Urner, Jens C Pruessner, Markus Quirin
Evidence shows that regular physical exercise reduces physiological reactivity to psychosocial stress. However, previous research mainly focused on the effect of endurance exercise, with only a few studies looking at the effect of resistance exercise. The current study tested whether individuals who regularly participate in either endurance or resistance training differ from untrained individuals in adrenal and cardiovascular reactivity to psychosocial stress. Twelve endurance-trained men, 10 resistance-trained men, and 12 healthy but untrained men were exposed to a standardized psychosocial stressor, the Trier Social Stress Test...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909885/an-assessment-of-patient-burdens-from-head-and-neck-cancer-survivorship-care
#10
Sean T Massa, Rebecca L Rohde, Carole Mckinstry, Malia Gresham, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Gregory M Ward, Ronald J Walker
OBJECTIVES: To assess head and neck cancer (HNC) patients' perspectives on the value and burdens of routine cancer follow-up care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was obtained from HNC patients (n = 100) at an urban, tertiary head and neck cancer clinic. A novel 15-question survey tool evaluated the logistic, financial, and psychosocial burdens associated with clinic visits. The clinical characteristics and survey responses of demographic groups were analyzed with comparative statistics...
July 2018: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909760/-epidemiology-etiology-and-treatment-of-patients-with-psychosis-and-co-morbid-substance-use-disorder
#11
Franz Moggi
Epidemiology, etiology and treatment of patients with psychosis and co-morbid substance use disorder Abstract. More than 25 years ago, when the research on the efficacy of treatments for patients with a comorbidity of psychosis and substance use disorder has been systematically started, some authors described the treatment of these patients as a "mission impossible". Approximately half of all individuals with schizophrenia develop substance use disorders in the course of their life; about one third of them a comorbid alcohol use disorder and about one quarter a comorbid substance use disorder with other addictive substances...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909057/study-design-and-protocol-for-a-culturally-adapted-cognitive-behavioral-stress-and-self-management-intervention-for-localized-prostate-cancer-the-encuentros-de-salud-study
#12
Frank J Penedo, Michael H Antoni, Patricia I Moreno, Lara Traeger, Dolores Perdomo, Jason Dahn, Gregory E Miller, Steve Cole, Julian Orjuela, Edgar Pizarro, Betina Yanez
Almost 2.8 million men in the U.S. are living with prostate cancer (PC), accounting for 40% of all male cancer survivors. Men diagnosed with prostate cancer may experience chronic and debilitating treatment side effects, including sexual and urinary dysfunction, pain and fatigue. Side effects can be stressful and can also lead to poor psychosocial functioning. Prior trials reveal that group-based cognitive behavioral stress and self-management (CBSM) is effective in reducing stress and mitigating some of these symptoms, yet little is known about the effects of culturally-translated CBSM among Spanish-speaking men with PC...
June 14, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907335/trial-protocol-the-use-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-improving-bracing-compliance-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Xue Li, Christine Hiu Yan Leung, Ting Gao, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Fiona Wai Ping Yu, Tsz Ping Lam, Jack Chun Yiu Cheng, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is the most prevalent deforming orthopaedic condition; it causes significant disability when spinal curves progress beyond 45deg. Bracing is the primary treatment prescribed for adolescents with an immature skeleton who have spinal curves between 25 and 45deg. New evidence suggests that compliance with bracing significantly decreases the progression of high-risk curves to the threshold for surgery. Nonetheless, bracing is a stressful experience...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907299/the-effect-of-a-service-dog-on-salivary-cortisol-awakening-response-in-a-military-population-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
#14
Kerri E Rodriguez, Crystal I Bryce, Douglas A Granger, Marguerite E O'Haire
Recent studies suggest a therapeutic effect of psychiatric service dogs for military veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but are limited by self-report biases. The current study assessed the effect of PTSD service dogs on the salivary cortisol awakening response (CAR) and arousal-related functioning in a population of military veterans with PTSD. Participants included 73 post-9/11 military veterans with PTSD including 45 with a service dog and 28 on the waitlist to receive one. Saliva samples were collected on two consecutive weekday mornings at awakening and 30 min later to quantify the cortisol awakening response (CAR) and its area under the curve (AUCi) in addition to standardized survey measures of anxiety, anger, sleep quality and disturbance, and alcohol abuse...
April 27, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906617/the-effect-of-psychosocial-measures-of-resilience-and-self-efficacy-in-patients-with-neck-and-lower-back-pain
#15
Shaan A Ahmed, Govind Shantharam, Adam E M Eltorai, Davis A Hartnett, Avi Goodman, Alan H Daniels
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Psychosocial risk factors may predispose to progression of back and neck pain to chronic pain or disability. Resilience (the ability to recover from stress) and pain self-efficacy (confidence that one can perform daily activities despite pain) are important psychometric properties shown to affect health and illness. PURPOSE: To examine the relationships among resilience, pain self-efficacy, and disability in spine patients. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective, single-center orthopedic spine clinic...
June 12, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906218/associations-between-parenting-stress-at-school-entry-and-later-psychosocial-adjustment-a-longitudinal-study-of-children-with-congenital-craniofacial-anomalies
#16
Emily D Wolodiger, Alice W Pope
OBJECTIVE: To examine the reciprocal relationships between parenting stress and psychosocial adjustment of children with congenital craniofacial anomalies (CFAs) at 2 time points: school entry and approximately 2.5 years later, after children had time to adjust to school. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical charts of children with CFAs. SETTING: Department of reconstructive plastic surgery at an urban medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of 42 children aged 3...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905879/health-care-utilization-for-chronic-pain-in-low-income-settings
#17
Andrea K Newman, Shweta Kapoor, Beverly E Thorn
Background: Chronic pain is a serious health problem with high rates of health care utilization (HCU). Many patients become stymied in a perpetual cycle of unsuccessful attempts to find relief from suffering through frequent health care visits. Especially within low-income populations, the burdens of health care services are especially unpleasant due to significant financial costs, barriers to transportation, and high levels of stress. This study aimed to examine factors associated with HCU for chronic pain in low-income settings...
June 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904343/acute-stress-induced-epigenetic-modulations-and-their-potential-protective-role-toward-depression
#18
Francesco Rusconi, Elena Battaglioli
Psychiatric disorders entail maladaptive processes impairing individuals' ability to appropriately interface with environment. Among them, depression is characterized by diverse debilitating symptoms including hopelessness and anhedonia, dramatically impacting the propensity to live a social and active life and seriously affecting working capability. Relevantly, besides genetic predisposition, foremost risk factors are stress-related, such as experiencing chronic psychosocial stress-including bullying, mobbing and abuse-, and undergoing economic crisis or chronic illnesses...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902989/adversities-and-mental-health-needs-of-pregnant-adolescents-in-kenya-identifying-interpersonal-practical-and-cultural-barriers-to-care
#19
Judith Osok, Pius Kigamwa, Keng-Yen Huang, Nancy Grote, Manasi Kumar
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancies present a great public health burden in Kenya and Sub-Saharan Africa (UNFPA, Motherhood in Childhood: Facing the challenge of Adolescent Pregnancy, 2013). The disenfranchisement from public institutions and services is further compounded by cultural stigma and gender inequality creating emotional, psychosocial, health, and educational problems in the lives of vulnerable pregnant adolescents (Int J Adolesc Med Health 15(4):321-9, 2003; BMC Public Health 8:83, 2008)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902689/maternal-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-prior-to-during-and-after-pregnancy-and-infant-interaction-behaviors-during-the-face-to-face-still-face-paradigm-at-4-months-postpartum-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#20
Eva Asselmann, John Venz, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Julia Martini
BACKGROUND: Few studies prospectively examined the role of maternal anxiety and depressive disorders for early infant psychosocial stress responsivity. AIMS: To investigate the role of lifetime maternal anxiety and depressive disorders for various early infant interaction behaviors during the Face-to-Face Still Face Paradigm (FFSFP) at 4 months postpartum. STUDY DESIGN/SUBJECTS: Prospective-longitudinal study among n = 251 mothers (and their infants) from early pregnancy until 4 months postpartum...
June 11, 2018: Early Human Development
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