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Psychosocial Stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027649/sex-specific-effects-of-combined-exposure-to-chemical-and-non-chemical-stressors-on-neuroendocrine-development-a-review-of-recent-findings-and-putative-mechanisms
#1
REVIEW
Whitney J Cowell, Rosalind J Wright
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Environmental toxicants and psychosocial stressors share many biological substrates and influence overlapping physiological pathways. Increasing evidence indicates stress-induced changes to the maternal milieu may prime rapidly developing physiological systems for disruption by concurrent or subsequent exposure to environmental chemicals. In this review, we highlight putative mechanisms underlying sex-specific susceptibility of the developing neuroendocrine system to the joint effects of stress or stress correlates and environmental toxicants (bisphenol A, alcohol, phthalates, lead, chlorpyrifos, and traffic-related air pollution)...
October 13, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021126/healthydads-ca-what-do-men-want-in-a-website-designed-to-promote-emotional-wellness-and-healthy-behaviors-during-the-transition-to-parenthood
#2
Deborah Da Costa, Phyllis Zelkowitz, Nicole Letourneau, Andrew Howlett, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Brian Russell, Steven Grover, Ilka Lowensteyn, Peter Chan, Samir Khalifé
BACKGROUND: Up to 18% of men experience depression and/or anxiety during the transition to parenthood. Interventions designed specifically to promote the mental health of men during the transition to parenthood are scarce. Internet-delivered interventions may be acceptable and far-reaching in enhancing mental health, parenting knowledge, and healthy behaviors in expectant or new fathers. OBJECTIVE: To guide the development of Healthydads.ca, a website designed to enhance mental health and healthy behaviors in expectant fathers, a needs assessment was conducted to identify fathers' perspectives of barriers to seeking help for emotional wellness, informational needs, and factors affecting the decision to visit such a website...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020312/explaining-the-impact-of-poverty-on-old-age-frailty-in-europe-material-psychosocial-and-behavioural-factors
#3
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Anja Waxenegger, Wolfgang Freidl
Previous research found poverty to be associated with adverse health outcomes among older adults but the factors that translate low economic resources into poor physical health are not well understood. The goal of this analysis was to assess the impact of material, psychosocial, and behavioural factors as well as education in explaining the poverty-health link. In total, 28 360 observations from 11 390 community-dwelling respondents (65+) in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (2004-13, 10 countries) were analysed...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017153/bipolar-disorder-and-or-creative-bipolarity-robert-schumann-s-exemplary-psychopathology-combining-symptomatological-and-psychosocial-perspectives-with-creativity-research
#4
Rainer Matthias Holm-Hadulla, Asimina Koutsoukou-Argyraki
The psychopathological condition of Robert Schumann has been a prominent object of study in psychiatry since his hospitalization in 1854. Renowned psychiatrists have diagnosed Schumann with syphilis, schizophrenia, and bipolar and personality disorders. Until today, these analyses of his symptomatology have led to contradictory results. Recent discussion has suggested that his hospitalization was due to professional failure and separation wishes on the part of his wife, her family, and her friends. In line with this hypothesis is the opinion that the separation insisted upon by Clara Schumann was reinforced by the economic interests of the psychiatrist who kept Schumann in custody for 2 years until his death in 1856...
October 11, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017025/global-nursing-in-an-ebola-viral-haemorrhagic-fever-outbreak-before-during-and-after-deployment
#5
Eva von Strauss, Stéphanie Paillard-Borg, Jessica Holmgren, Panu Saaristo
BACKGROUND: Nurses are on the forefront and play a key role in global disaster responses. Nevertheless, they are often not prepared for the challenges they are facing and research is scarce regarding the nursing skills required for first responders during a disaster situation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how returnee nursing staff experienced deployment before, during and after having worked for the Red Cross at an Ebola Treatment Center in Kenema, West Africa, and to supply knowledge on how to better prepare and support staff for viral haemorrhagic fever outbreaks...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016936/work-sharing-and-male-employees-mental-health-during-an-economic-recession
#6
M Nagae, M Sakamoto, E Horikawa
Background: One approach to reducing occupational stress during an economic recession is to share work amongst employees. This may include reducing employees' working hours to avoid redundancies. Aims: To examine whether work-sharing influenced the psychosocial work environment and depressive symptoms encountered by Japanese employees, and to determine which psychosocial factors predict employees' mental health during an economic recession. Methods: A survey was performed in a Japanese manufacturing company at the beginning (T1) and end (T2) of a 6-month period during the 2008 economic recession using the validated Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS)...
September 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016169/the-microbiome-as-a-novel-paradigm-in-studying-stress-and-mental-health
#7
Richard T Liu
At the intersection between neuroscience, microbiology, and psychiatry, the enteric microbiome has potential to become a novel paradigm for studying the psychobiological underpinnings of mental illness. Several studies provide support for the view that the enteric microbiome influences behavior through the microbiota-gut-brain axis. Moreover, recent findings are suggestive of the possibility that dysregulation of the enteric microbiota (i.e., dysbiosis) and associated bacterial translocation across the intestinal epithelium may be involved in the pathophysiology of stress-related psychiatric disorders, particularly depression...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992900/cultural-differences-in-symptom-representation-for-depression-and-somatization-measured-by-the-phq-between-vietnamese-and-german-psychiatric-outpatients
#8
Annegret Dreher, Eric Hahn, Albert Diefenbacher, Main Huong Nguyen, Kerem Böge, Hannah Burian, Michael Dettling, Ronald Burian, Thi Minh Tam Ta
OBJECTIVE: Despite an extensive body of research on somatic symptom presentation among people of East- and Southeast-Asian descent, results are still inconclusive. Examining and comparing symptom presentation in clinically and ethnically well-characterized populations may constitute a step towards understanding symptom presentation between patients with a different cultural background. This study aims to compare Vietnamese and German patients regarding cultural dynamics of symptom presentation upon first admission to a psychiatric outpatient service...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991808/are-workplace-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-work-related-injury-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey-2010
#9
Yvonne Farnacio, Michael E Pratt, Elizabeth G Marshall, Judith M Graber
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial hazards in the workplace may adversely impact occupational and general health, including injury risk. METHODS: Among 16,417 adult workers in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey Occupational Health Supplement, weighted prevalence estimates were calculated for work-related injuries (WRI) and any injuries. The association between injury and psychosocial occupational hazards (job insecurity, work-family imbalance, hostile work environment) was assessed adjusting for sociodemographic and occupational factors...
October 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991274/riesgos-psicosociales-y-estr%C3%A3-s-como-predictores-del-burnout-en-m%C3%A3-dicos-internos-residentes-en-el-servicio-de-urgencias
#10
María Fernández-Prada, Joaquín González-Cabrera, Concepción Iribar-Ibabe, José María Peinado
Objetivo: Evaluar el estrés, los riesgos psicosociales asociados al puesto de trabajo y el burnout en un grupo de residentes en el servicio de urgencias; y analizar qué variables se relacionan y predicen mejor el burnout. Método: Estudio analítico y transversal en el que han participado 42 médicos internos residentes que hacen guardias en el servicio de urgencias del Hospital Universitario San Cecilio, Granada. Se han utilizado la versión adaptada al español de la Perceived Stress Scale para evaluar el estrés, el Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) para valorar el desgaste profesional, y el cuestionario adaptado y baremado para la autoevaluación de riesgos psicosociales en el trabajo (CopSoQ-ISTAS21)...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990884/psychosocial-predictors-of-anxiety-in-nursing-home-staff
#11
Laura Gallego-Alberto, Andrés Losada, Carlos Vara, Javier Olazarán, Ruben Muñiz, Karl Pillemer
OBJECTIVES: Although research shows that nursing home staff experience significant levels of stress and burnout, studies analyzing the relationship of psychosocial variables on their feelings of anxiety are scarce. This study aims to analyze the relationship between psychosocial variables and levels of anxiety among staff. METHOD: Participants were 101 nursing home professionals. In addition to anxiety, socio-demographic variables, depersonalization, burden, relationship with families of the residents, and guilt about the care offered to the residents were assessed...
August 23, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985876/the-readability-of-psychosocial-wellness-patient-resources-improving-surgical-outcomes
#12
Meredith A Kugar, Adam C Cohen, William Wooden, Sunil S Tholpady, Michael W Chu
BACKGROUND: Patient education is increasingly accessed with online resources and is essential for patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. The average American adult reads at a seventh grade level, and the National Institute of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) recommend that information be written at a sixth-grade reading level. Health literacy plays an important role in the disease course and outcomes of all patients, including those with depression and likely other psychiatric disorders, although this is an area in need of further study...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983990/migration-dermatology-an-issue-to-consider
#13
Amna Elyas, Åke Svensson, Ewa Wallin, Florence J Dalgard
The recent waves of migration across Europe have resulted in a rapid change of the patient population in many major cities in Europe, affecting the demand for health care and specifically dermatological care, as highlighted recently in an editorial of this journal. The psychosocial burden of the migrant population is often considerable, with stressful living conditions and reduced access to health care, however there is still little research on the health of migrant populations, probably because of methodological challenges and the lack of international consensus on the definition of migration status...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983508/specific-reduction-in-cortisol-stress-reactivity-after-social-but-not-attention-based-mental-training
#14
Veronika Engert, Bethany E Kok, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Tania Singer
Psychosocial stress is a public health burden in modern societies. Chronic stress-induced disease processes are, in large part, mediated via the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic-adrenal-medullary system. We asked whether the contemplative mental training of different practice types targeting attentional, socio-affective (for example, compassion), or socio-cognitive abilities (for example, perspective-taking) in the context of a 9-month longitudinal training study offers an effective means for psychosocial stress reduction...
October 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983434/why-sleep-matters-the-economic-costs-of-insufficient-sleep-a-cross-country-comparative-analysis
#15
Marco Hafner, Martin Stepanek, Jirka Taylor, Wendy M Troxel, Christian van Stolk
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States has declared insufficient sleep a "public health problem." Indeed, according to a recent CDC study, more than a third of American adults are not getting enough sleep on a regular basis. However, insufficient sleep is not exclusively a US problem, and equally concerns other industrialised countries such as the United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, or Canada. According to some evidence, the proportion of people sleeping less than the recommended hours of sleep is rising and associated with lifestyle factors related to a modern 24/7 society, such as psychosocial stress, alcohol consumption, smoking, lack of physical activity and excessive electronic media use, among others...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982827/physical-and-mental-health-factors-associated-with-work-engagement-among-finnish-female-municipal-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Veera Veromaa, Hannu Kautiainen, Päivi Elina Korhonen
OBJECTIVES: Work engagement is related to mental health, but studies of physical health's association with work engagement are scarce. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between physical health, psychosocial risk factors and work engagement among Finnish women in municipal work units. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 among 726 female employees from 10 municipal work units of the city of Pori, Finland. Work engagement was assessed with the nine-item Utrecht Work Engagement Scale...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982680/chronic-psychosocial-stress-disturbs-long-bone-growth-in-adolescent-mice
#17
S Foertsch, M Haffner-Luntzer, J Kroner, F Gross, K Kaiser, M Erber, S O Reber, A Ignatius
Although a strong association between psychiatric and somatic disorders is generally accepted, little is known regarding the interrelation between mental and skeletal health. While depressive disorders were shown to be strongly associated with osteoporosis and increased fracture risk, evidence from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients is less consistent. Therefore, the present study investigated the influence of chronic psychosocial stress on bone using a well-established murine model for PTSD. 7-week-old C57BL/6N mice were subjected to chronic subordinate colony housing (CSC) for 19 days, whereas control mice were singly housed...
October 5, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980091/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-pediatric-congenital-heart-disease
#18
Michelle M Ernst, Bradley S Marino, Amy Cassedy, Carrie Piazza-Waggoner, Rodney C Franklin, Katherine Brown, Jo Wray
The purpose of this prospective multi-center cross-sectional study was to identify key biopsychosocial factors that impact quality of life (QOL) of youth with congenital heart disease (CHD). Patient-parent pairs were recruited at a regular hospital follow-up visit. Patient- and parent-proxy-reported QOL were assessed using the Pediatric Cardiac Quality of Life Inventory (PCQLI). Wallander's and Varni's disability-stress coping model guided factor selection, which included disease factors, educational impairment, psychosocial stress, child psychological and parent/family factors...
October 4, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978252/colorectal-cancer-screening-uptake-s-association-with-psychosocial-and-sociodemographic-factors-among-homeless-blacks-and-whites
#19
Charles R Rogers, Cendrine D Robinson, Cassandra Arroyo, Ogechi Jessica Obidike, Barrett Sewali, Kolawole S Okuyemi
The homeless represent an extremely disadvantaged population that fare worse than minority groups in access to preventive services and health, and minority groups fare worse than Whites. Early detection screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) saves lives, but empirical data about CRC screening practices among homeless Blacks and Whites are limited. Psychosocial risk factors may serve as a barrier to CRC screening completion among homeless Black individuals. A secondary data analysis of a randomized clinical trial for smoking cessation among homeless smokers was conducted to determine whether psychosocial factors and sociodemographic factors were more highly associated with CRC screening uptake among homeless Blacks than among their White counterparts...
October 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977648/psychosocial-mechanisms-underlying-older-black-men-s-health
#20
Tyson H Brown, Taylor W Hargrove
Objectives: To evaluate the psychosocial mechanisms underlying older Black men's self-rated health, we examined: (a) the individual, cumulative, and collective effects of stressors on health; (b) the direct effects of psychosocial resources on health; and (c) the stress-moderating effects of psychosocial resources. Method: This study is based on a nationally representative sample of Black men aged 51-81 (N = 593) in the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Ordinary least squares (OLS) regression models of the psychosocial determinants of self-rated health draw on data from the HRS 2010 and 2012 Core datasets and Psychosocial Modules...
August 3, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
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