keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychosocial Stress

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232329/cortisol-and-subjective-stress-responses-to-acute-psychosocial-stress-in-fibromyalgia-patients-and-control-participants
#1
Eline Coppens, Stefan Kempke, Peter Van Wambeke, Stephan Claes, Bart Morlion, Patrick Luyten, Lukas Van Oudenhove
OBJECTIVE: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction may play a role in fibromyalgia (FM) pathogenesis, but remains understudied in this disorder. Furthermore, early childhood adversities (ECA) are common in FM, but whether they moderate stress reactivity is unknown. Hence, we investigated cortisol and subjective responses to acute psychosocial stress in FM and controls, while adjusting for ECA. METHODS: Twenty-seven female FM patients and 24 age-matched female controls were recruited in a tertiary care center and through advertisements, respectively...
December 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231071/the-mental-health-of-married-immigrant-women-in-south-korea-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-a-literature-review
#2
Yeeun Lee, Subin Park
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Married immigrant women in South Korea undergo a wide array of psychosocial challenges in the process of adapting to a new culture and marriage with a Korean husband. For an integrative understanding of women's mental health status and to determine the key risk and protective factors, we systematically reviewed empirical articles about the mental health of married immigrant women. METHODS: We searched and reviewed articles from nine online databases: PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, Embase, DBpia, KISS, KMbase, KoreaMed and RISS, which were published up until January 2017...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224740/chest-pain-and-mental-stress-induced-myocardial-ischemia-sex-differences
#3
Pratik Pimple, Muhammad Hammadah, Kobina Wilmot, Ronnie Ramadan, Ibhar Al Mheid, Oleksiy Levantsevych, Samaah Sullivan, Ernest V Garcia, Jonathon Nye, Amit J Shah, Laura Ward, Puja Mehta, Paolo Raggi, J Douglas Bremner, Arshed A Quyyumi, Viola Vaccarino
BACKGROUND: Mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) is a frequent phenomenon in patients with coronary artery disease. Women with coronary artery disease tend to have more MSIMI and more chest pain/anginal symptoms than men, but whether the association between MSIMI and angina burden differs in women and men, is unknown. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with experimental manipulation of 950 individuals with stable coronary artery disease. Chest pain/angina frequency in the previous 4 weeks was assessed with the Seattle Angina Questionnaire's angina-frequency subscale...
December 7, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223750/choosing-pre-conception-planning-for-women-families-counselling-and-informed-consent-part-2-pre-conception-reproductive-planning-lifestyle-immunization-and-psychosocial-issues
#4
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for reproductive planning, lifestyle modification, immunization status and attitudes, and psychosocial issues. OPTIONS: This counselling information can be used for patient education and planning and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow for improved risk assessment when pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families is used...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221522/barriers-to-smoking-cessation-among-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-patients-in-south-africa
#5
Zifikile Phindile Shangase, Joyce Mahlako Tsoka-Gwegweni, Catherine O Egbe
BACKGROUND: Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The long-term health effects of smoking and the risk of adverse TB outcomes, including increased periods of infectiousness, have been reported among DR-TB patients in South Africa. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the barriers to smoking cessation among DR-TB inpatients at a hospital in Durban, South Africa. METHODS: A qualitative design using in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 20 DR-TB inpatients was employed...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220092/dose-rectification-of-an-unbalance-between-dpp4-and-glp-1-ameliorates-chronic-stress-related-vascular-aging-and-atherosclerosis
#6
Xian Wu Cheng, Megumi Narisawa, Enze Jin, Chenglin Yu, Wenhu Xu, Limei Piao
Exposure to psychosocial stress is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, including vascular aging and regeneration. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) exerts many physiological and pharmacological functions by regulating its extremely abundant substrates [e.g., glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), stromal cell-derived factor-1α/ C-X-C chemokine receptor type-4, etc.]. Over the past decade, emerging data revealed unexpected roles for DPP-4 and GLP-1 in intracellular signaling, oxidative stress production, lipid metabolism, cell apoptosis, immune activation, insulin resistance, and inflammation...
December 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218498/the-epidemiology-of-coping-in-african-american-adults-in-the-jackson-heart-study-jhs
#7
Allison B Brenner, Ana V Diez-Roux, Samson Y Gebreab, Amy J Schulz, Mario Sims
Differences in coping within the African American population are not well understood, yet these differences may be critical to reducing stress, improving health, and reducing racial health disparities. Using a descriptive, exploratory analysis of the Jackson Heart Study (N = 5301), we examine correlations between coping responses and associations between coping and demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, and neighborhood factors. Overall, coping responses were not strongly correlated and patterns of associations between covariates and coping responses were largely inconsistent...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#8
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215314/prenatal-perceived-stress-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-among-puerto-rican-women
#9
Kathleen Szegda, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson, Penelope Pekow, Sally Powers, Glenn Markenson, Nancy Dole, Lisa Chasan-Taber
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth and low birthweight contribute substantially to the disproportionately high infant mortality rates experienced by Puerto Ricans in the United States. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the timing and pattern of prenatal psychosocial stress increased risk of adverse birth outcomes in this high-risk population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Proyecto Buena Salud was a prospective cohort study conducted from 2006 to 2011 among predominantly Puerto Rican women...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214195/work-stress-fatigue-and-risk-behaviors-at-the-wheel-data-to-assess-the-association-between-psychosocial-work-factors-and-risky-driving-on-bus-rapid-transit-drivers
#10
Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Viviola Gómez
This Data in Brief (DiB) article presents a hierarchical multiple linear regression model that examine the associations between psychosocial work factors and risk behaviors at the wheel in Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) drivers (n=524). The data were collected using a structured self-administrable questionnaire made of measurements of wok stress (job strain and effort- reward imbalance), fatigue (need for recovery and chronic fatigue), psychological distress and demographics (professional driving experience, hours driven per day and days working per week)...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208253/socioeconomic-psychosocial-and-behavioral-characteristics-of-patients-hospitalized-with-cardiovascular-disease
#11
Matthew E Dupre, Alicia Nelson, Scott M Lynch, Bradi B Granger, Hanzhang Xu, Erik Churchill, Janese M Willis, Lesley H Curtis, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have drawn attention to nonclinical factors to better understand disparities in the development, treatment and prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease. However, there has been limited research describing the nonclinical characteristics of patients hospitalized for cardiovascular care. METHODS: Data for this study come from 520 patients admitted to the Duke Heart Center from January 1, 2015 through January 10, 2017. Electronic medical records and a standardized survey administered before discharge were used to ascertain detailed information on patients' demographic (age, sex, race, marital status and living arrangement), socioeconomic (education, employment and health insurance), psychosocial (health literacy, health self-efficacy, social support, stress and depressive symptoms) and behavioral (smoking, drinking and medication adherence) attributes...
December 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207881/sickle-cell-disease-a-malady-beyond-a-hemoglobin-defect-in-cerebrovascular-disease
#12
Junaid Ansari, Youmna E Moufarrej, Rafal Pawlinski, Felicity N E Gavins
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a devastating monogenic disorder that presents as a multisystem illness and affects approximately 100,000 individuals in the United States alone. SCD management largely focuses on primary prevention, symptomatic treatment and targeting of hemoglobin polymerization and red blood cell sickling. Areas covered: This review will discuss the progress of SCD over the last few decades, highlighting some of the clinical (mainly cerebrovascular) and psychosocial challenges of SCD in the United States...
December 5, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207396/instrumentalization-of-eating-improves-weight-loss-maintenance-in-obesity
#13
Bodil Just Christensen, Eva Winning Iepsen, Julie Lundgren, Lotte Holm, Sten Madsbad, Jens Juul Holst, Signe Sørensen Torekov
AIM: The purpose of this study was to identify psychosocial determinants for maintaining weight loss. METHODS: 42 obese individuals who achieved a 12% weight loss before entering a 52-week weight maintenance program were interviewed qualitatively. Psychosocial factors related to weight loss maintenance were identified in two contrasting groups: weight reducers and weight regainers. Groups were defined by health-relevant weight maintenance (additional weight loss > 3% at week 52, n = 9 versus weight gain > 3%, at week 52, n = 20)...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204785/quality-of-life-of-french-canadian-parents-raising-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-effects-of-psychosocial-factors
#14
Émilie Cappe, Nathalie Poirier, Carol Sankey, Andréa Belzil, Carmen Dionne
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the quality of life of parents of a child with autism spectrum disorder in Quebec. METHODS: Seventy-seven participants completed a questionnaire with socio-biographic information and five self-assessed scales, to measure perceived stress, social support and control, coping strategies, and quality of life. RESULTS: Perception of their child's autonomy level, of the severity of the disorder, of the family's income, as well as changes in their professional or familial organization influenced parents' quality of life...
December 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202662/addressing-mental-health-needs-of-refugees
#15
Cécile Rousseau
Throughout history, refugees have alternatively been seen as entitled victims of adversity or as threats or abusers of host countries scarce resources. Within the present globalized context, ambivalent public perceptions of refugees are shattering the protective nature of the post migratory environment in refugee receiving countries. This raises new challenges for refugees' mental health and calls for systemic responses to address both pre-migratory trauma and losses and post migratory adversities. Recent evidence on the effectiveness of mental health treatment for refugees confirms the utility of trauma-focused psychotherapy and the limits of psychopharmacology for stress related disorders in this group...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200525/mental-health-care-during-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-sierra-leone
#16
Stania Kamara, Anna Walder, Jennifer Duncan, Antoinet Kabbedijk, Peter Hughes, Andrew Muana
Problem: Reported levels of mental health and psychosocial problems rose during the 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Sierra Leone. Approach: As part of the emergency response, existing plans to create mental health units within the existing hospital framework were brought forward. A nurse-led mental health and psychosocial support service, with an inpatient liaison service and an outpatient clinic, was set up at the largest government hospital in the country...
December 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197215/-crisis-interventions-in-acute-emergency-situations
#17
Monika Czamler
In the article about crisis intervention after incriminating events, I start by explaining the specific terms, since in recent years different terms have been used, which have repeatedly caused uncertainty. How might people react to extreme stress and what are factors of protection and risk? Further I will explain the effect of psychosocial support as well as the structure and forms of interventions. The basic principles of interventions and the 10 essential intervention steps are described. In order to be able to provide targeted assistance, it is necessary for the psychosocial emergency aid staff to know about the experience of those affected in acute emergency situations...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197086/methylation-of-oprl1-mediates-the-effect-of-psychosocial-stress-on-binge-drinking-in-adolescents
#18
Barbara Ruggeri, Christine Macare, Serena Stopponi, Tianye Jia, Fabiana M Carvalho, Gabriel Robert, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Anna Cattrell, Patricia J Conrod, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Jürgen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Penny Gowland, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean Luc Martinot, Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos-Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Luise Poustka, Michael N Smolka, Nora C Vetter, Henrik Walter, Robert Whelan, Wolfgang H Sommer, Georgy Bakalkin, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Gunter Schumann
BACKGROUND: Nociceptin is a key regulator linking environmental stress and alcohol drinking. In a genome-wide methylation analysis, we recently identified an association of a methylated region in the OPRL1 gene with alcohol-use disorders. METHODS: Here, we investigate the biological basis of this observation by analysing psychosocial stressors, methylation of the OPRL1 gene, brain response during reward anticipation and alcohol drinking in 660 fourteen-year-old adolescents of the IMAGEN study...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196916/bullying-victimization-heightens-cortisol-response-to-psychosocial-stress-in-chinese-children
#19
Guanghui Chen, Yanhong Kong, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Wenxin Zhang
Childhood adverse experiences have been consistently documented to engender persistent changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity to chronic stress. However, there has been very little research examining whether this effect can be elicited among children when using a standardized laboratory stress test, or whether such effects are found in non-Western youth. In the current study, 80 10-year-old Chinese children (45% girls, 4-5th grades) were selected from 970 students based on the experience of being bullied, resulting in a sample of 59 victims (physical, verbal, and relational/social), and a group of 21 nonbullied children with distributions of age and gender that were comparable...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194078/stress-from-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-to-home-paternal-and-maternal-cortisol-rhythms-in-parents-of-premature-infants
#20
Craig F Garfield, Clarissa D Simon, Joshua Rutsohn, Young S Lee
To examine cortisol diurnal rhythms over the transition from the critical care setting to home for fathers and mothers of very low-birth-weight infants, including how cortisol is associated with psychosocial stress and parenting sense of competence. This cohort study in a level III neonatal intensive care unit and the general community had 86 parents complete salivary collection and self-reported psychosocial measures. Salivary samples were collected 3 times a day on the day before discharge, and on 3 subsequent days at home...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
keyword
keyword
60591
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"