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Critical illness neuropathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807651/persistent-inflammation-immunosuppression-and-catabolism-and-the-development-of-chronic-critical-illness-after-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Philip A Efron, Alicia M Mohr, Azra Bihorac, Hiroyuki Horiguchi, McKenzie K Hollen, Mark S Segal, Henry V Baker, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Lyle L Moldawer, Frederick A Moore, Scott C Brakenridge
As early as the 1990s, chronic critical illness, a distinct syndrome of persistent high-acuity illness requiring management in the ICU, was reported under a variety of descriptive terms including the "neuropathy of critical illness," "myopathy of critical illness," "ICU-acquired weakness," and most recently "post-intensive care unit syndrome." The widespread implementation of targeted shock resuscitation, improved organ support modalities, and evidence-based protocolized ICU care has resulted in significantly decreased in-hospital mortality within surgical ICUs, specifically by reducing early multiple organ failure deaths...
May 25, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748118/diaphragmatic-dysfunction-as-the-presenting-symptom-in-neuromuscular-disorders-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study-of-etiology-and-outcome-in-30-german-patients
#2
Matthias Türk, Irina Weber, Gernot Vogt-Ladner, Rolf Schröder, Martin Winterholler
Diaphragmatic dysfunction is well-known in advanced stages of neuromuscular disorders. However, data on its presence as the presenting symptom in neuromuscular disorders is scarce. The goal of this retrospective longitudinal study was to evaluate the etiology and clinical outcome in patients, in whom uni- or bilateral diaphragmatic dysfunction was primarily diagnosed, before a specific neuromuscular disease was found. Patients with critical illness neuropathy/myopathy were excluded from this study. Analysis of the medical records of two tertiary referral centers for patients with neuromuscular diseases identified 30 corresponding patients with diaphragmatic dysfunction (17 unilateral; 13 bilateral)...
April 9, 2018: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732185/ambulatory-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#3
REVIEW
Jonas Andersson Lindholm
Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) is used for support in patients with severe respiratory failure. The method allows extracorporeal gas exchange and may replace the patient's lung function for weeks and even years. ECMO is not a contraindication for lung transplant. The most important factor for a good outcome is the physiological status of the patient when accepted for transplantation. Ambulatory ECMO makes it possible for the patient to exercise and walk, and provides the best outcome for high risk patients in severe respiratory failure...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567898/kikuchi-s-disease-histiocytic-necrotizing-lymphadenitis-a-rare-presentation-with-acute-kidney-injury-peripheral-neuropathy-and-aseptic-meningitis-with-cutaneous-involvement
#4
Jyoti Jain, Shashank Banait, Iadarilang Tiewsoh, Madhura Choudhari
Kikuchi's disease (KD) also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis is rare, idiopathic, generally self-limited cause of lymphadenitis. We present a case of twenty year young female who presented in critically ill state with fever, cervical and axillary lymphadenopathy, rash, vomiting and altered sensorium and found to have neurological, hepatic, renal and dermatological involvement. Kikuchi's disease should be considered in differential diagnosis of fever and lymphadenopathy and though benign can sometimes present with multi-organ involvement...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054691/impact-of-critical-illness-polyneuromyopathy-in-rehabilitation-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Cameron J B Cunningham, Heather C Finlayson, William R Henderson, Russell J O'Connor, Andrew Travlos
BACKGROUND: Critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPNM) increasingly is recognized as a source of disability in patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission. The prevalence and impact of CIPNM on patients in the rehabilitation setting has not been established. OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of at-risk rehabilitation inpatients with evidence of CIPNM and the functional sequelae of this disorder. DESIGN: Prospective observational study...
May 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936613/chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyradiculoneuropathy-and-anesthesia-a-case-series
#6
Andrew R Mortenson, Juraj Sprung, James C Watson, P James B Dyck, Toby N Weingarten
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is an acquired autoimmune demyelinating polyneuropathy characterized by symmetrical diffuse weakness that also can rarely affect bulbar and respiratory muscles. The study objective was to describe perioperative outcomes of patients with CIDP who received general anesthesia. This retrospective observational study evaluated patients with active (diagnosed or treated within the previous year) CIDP who underwent general anesthesia at our institution between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2015...
September 21, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919803/empirical-validation-of-the-horowitz-multiple-systemic-infectious-disease-syndrome-questionnaire-for-suspected-lyme-disease
#7
Maryalice Citera, Phyllis R Freeman, Richard I Horowitz
PURPOSE: Lyme disease is spreading worldwide, with multiple Borrelia species causing a broad range of clinical symptoms that mimic other illnesses. A validated Lyme disease screening questionnaire would be clinically useful for both providers and patients. Three studies evaluated such a screening tool, namely the Horowitz Multiple Systemic Infectious Disease Syndrome (MSIDS) Questionnaire. The purpose was to see if the questionnaire could accurately distinguish between Lyme patients and healthy individuals...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875277/-critical-illness-myopathy-and-polyneuropathy
#8
REVIEW
D Senger, F Erbguth
An average of 50-80% of patients treated in the intensive care unit is affected by disturbances of neuromuscular functions due to damage to the nerves and muscles, which has led to the terms critical illness polyneuropathy and myopathy. Both components occur in 30-50% of patients, while the others predominantly show a pure myopathy, while pure neuropathy is rare. Meanwhile, the descriptive term of the concept as intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) is preferred. The most significant risk factors for the development of ICUAW are sepsis, multiorgan dysfunction and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
October 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777040/making-basic-science-studies-in-glaucoma-more-clinically-relevant-the-need-for-a-consensus
#9
Carol B Toris, Claire Gelfman, Andy Whitlock, William E Sponsel, Cheryl L Rowe-Rendleman
Glaucoma is a chronic, progressive, and debilitating optic neuropathy that causes retinal damage and visual defects. The pathophysiologic mechanisms of glaucoma remain ill-defined, and there is an indisputable need for contributions from basic science researchers in defining pathways for translational research. However, glaucoma researchers today face significant challenges due to the lack of a map of integrated pathways from bench to bedside and the lack of consensus statements to guide in choosing the right research questions, techniques, and model systems...
September 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646510/compound-muscle-action-potential-duration-in-critical-illness-neuromyopathy
#10
Christopher L Kramer, Andrea J Boon, C Michel Harper, Brent P Goodman
INTRODUCTION: We sought to determine the specificity of compound muscle action potential (CMAP) durations and amplitudes in a large critical illness neuromyopathy (CINM) cohort relative to controls with other neuromuscular conditions. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with CINM who had been seen over a 17-year period were retrospectively studied. Electrodiagnostic findings of the CINM cohort were compared with patients with axonal peripheral neuropathy and myopathy due to other causes...
March 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301890/kasuistik-late-onset-small-fiber-neuropathie-nach-kritischer-erkrankung
#11
Susanne Koch, Rabih Moshourab, Tobias Wollersheim, Claudia Spies, Thomas Fritzsche, Steffen Weber-Carstens
A 42-year-old patient presented with acute allodynia and hyperalgesia in her distal limbs, most severe in the innervation area of the ulnar nerve. The patient developed critical illness myopathy/polyneuropathy after septic shock 5 months prior to her presentation. After exclusion of differential diagnosis, "late onset small fiber neuropathy" after critical illness was diagnosed. Recent studies showed small fiber lesions during critical illness and in follow-up exams, where additionally neuropathic pain were proved...
March 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261149/diagnostic-value-of-positron-emission-tomography-combined-with-computed-tomography-for-evaluating-critically-ill-neurological-patients
#12
Knut Kurt William Kampe, Roman Rotermund, Milena Tienken, Götz Thomalla, Marc Regier, Susanne Klutmann, Stefan Kluge
PURPOSE: (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) is a promising new tool for the identification of inflammatory, infectious, and neoplastic foci. The aim of our work was to evaluate the diagnostic value of FDG-PET/CT in patients treated on a neurological/neurosurgical ICU or stroke unit. METHODS: We performed a single-center, 10-year, retrospective evaluation of the value of FDG-PET/CT in critically ill adult patients with severe neurological disease...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042370/review-of-critical-illness-myopathy-and-neuropathy
#13
Starane Shepherd, Ayush Batra, David P Lerner
Critical illness myopathy (CIM) and neuropathy are underdiagnosed conditions within the intensive care setting and contribute to prolonged mechanical ventilation and ventilator wean failure and ultimately lead to significant morbidity and mortality. These conditions are often further subdivided into CIM, critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP), or the combination-critical illness polyneuromyopathy (CIPNM). In this review, we discuss the epidemiology and pathophysiology of CIM, CIP, and CIPNM, along with diagnostic considerations such as detailed clinical examination, electrophysiological studies, and histopathological review of muscle biopsy specimens...
January 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997678/tetraparetic-critically-ill-patients-show-electrophysiological-signs-of-myopathy
#14
Clarissa Crone
INTRODUCTION: Critically ill patients often develop tetraparesis. It has been debated whether this is caused by neuropathy, myopathy, or both. The aim was to determine the incidence of myopathy and neuropathy in weak patients in the intensive care unit by performing several electrophysiological examinations, including quantitative electromyography (qEMG). METHODS: Forty-nine patients referred for electrophysiological examination because of suspected critical illness-related weakness underwent qEMG, nerve conduction studies, and direct muscle stimulation...
September 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965877/survivors-of-intensive-care-with-type-2-diabetes-and-the-effect-of-shared-care-follow-up-clinics-study-protocol-for-the-sweet-as-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study
#15
Yasmine Ali Abdelhamid, Liza Phillips, Michael Horowitz, Adam Deane
BACKGROUND: Many patients who survive the intensive care unit (ICU) experience long-term complications such as peripheral neuropathy and nephropathy which represent a major source of morbidity and affect quality of life adversely. Similar pathophysiological processes occur frequently in ambulant patients with diabetes mellitus who have never been critically ill. Some 25 % of all adult ICU patients have diabetes, and it is plausible that ICU survivors with co-existing diabetes are at heightened risk of sequelae from their critical illness...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676820/evaluation-of-disabilities-and-rehabilitation-needs-after-critical-illness-impact-of-an-intensive-care-unit-follow-up-clinic-in-the-university-hospital-of-angers
#16
Tiphaine Bourseau, Flavie Fremondière, Valérie Dubus, Bénédicte Gohier, Dewi Le Gal, Fabien Cave, Isabelle Richard, Nicolas Lerolle
OBJECTIVE: After critical illness, some survivors experience long-term physical, functional, neurocognitive and/or mental health impairments, which has been termed "Post-Intensive Care syndrome" (PICS) [1]. A specific follow-up is required and many specialized follow-up clinics have been created both abroad and in France. The aim of this study is to evaluate long-term outcomes after critical illness, through the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and to analyse rehabilitation needs after intensive care unit (ICU) discharge...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423298/neurogenic-orthostatic-hypotension-with-critical-illness-neuropathy-treated-with-droxidopa
#17
Baxter B Allen, James A Charles, Esperanza Papadopoulos, Edward K Avila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381107/acute-physiology-and-chronic-health-evaluation-ii-score-of-%C3%A2-15-a-risk-factor-for-sepsis-induced-critical-illness-polyneuropathy
#18
Salil Gupta, Mayank Mishra
BACKGROUND: Critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) is a common complication of severe sepsis and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The risk factors for sepsis-induced CIP have not been well established. AIM: The aim of this study was to find out the risk factors of sepsis-induced CIP, especially its relationship with the severity of illness. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 100 patients with sepsis defined as SIRS of proven or presumed microbial etiology were followed up with nerve conduction studies (NCS) performed within the first 14 days of admission...
July 2016: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129110/correlation-of-the-patient-s-reported-outcome-inflammatory-rods-with-an-objective-metric-in-immune-mediated-neuropathies
#19
T H P Draak, K C Gorson, E K Vanhoutte, S I van Nes, P A van Doorn, D R Cornblath, L H van den Berg, C G Faber, I S J Merkies
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is increasing interest in using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in clinical studies to capture individual changes over time. However, PROMs have also been criticized because they are entirely subjective. Our objective was to examine the relationship between a subjective PROM and an objective outcome tool in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) and gammopathy-related polyneuropathy (MGUSP)...
July 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063347/icu-acquired-weakness
#20
REVIEW
Sarah E Jolley, Aaron E Bunnell, Catherine L Hough
Survivorship after critical illness is an increasingly important health-care concern as ICU use continues to increase while ICU mortality is decreasing. Survivors of critical illness experience marked disability and impairments in physical and cognitive function that persist for years after their initial ICU stay. Newfound impairment is associated with increased health-care costs and use, reductions in health-related quality of life, and prolonged unemployment. Weakness, critical illness neuropathy and/or myopathy, and muscle atrophy are common in patients who are critically ill, with up to 80% of patients admitted to the ICU developing some form of neuromuscular dysfunction...
November 2016: Chest
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