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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938302/anesthesia-information-management-clinical-decision-support
#1
Robert E Freundlich, Jesse M Ehrenfeld
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Perioperative informatics tools continue to be developed at a rapid pace and offer clinicians the potential to greatly enhance clinical decision making. The goal of this review is to bring the reader updates on perioperative information management and discuss future research directions in the field. RECENT FINDINGS: Clinical decision support tools become more timely, accurate, and, in some instances, have been shown to improve patient outcomes...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924688/the-barrier-to-informed-choice-in-cancer-screening-statistical-illiteracy-in-physicians-and-patients
#2
Odette Wegwarth, Gerd Gigerenzer
An efficient health care requires both informed doctors and patients. Our current healthcare system falls short on both counts. Most doctors and patients do not understand the available medical evidence. To illustrate the extent of the problem in the setting of cancer screening: In a representative sample of some 5000 women in nine European countries, 92% overestimated the reduction of breast cancer mortality by mammography by a factor of 10-200, or did not know. For a similar sample of about 5000 men with respect to PSA screening, this number was 89%...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921446/can-a-novel-icu-data-display-positively-affect-patient-outcomes-and-save-lives
#3
Natalia Olchanski, Mikhail A Dziadzko, Ing C Tiong, Craig E Daniels, Steve G Peters, John C O'Horo, Michelle N Gong
The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of ProCCESs AWARE, Ambient Clinical Analytics, Rochester, MN, a novel acute care electronic medical record interface, on a range of care process and patient health outcome metrics in intensive care units (ICUs). ProCCESs AWARE is a novel acute care EMR interface that contains built-in tools for error prevention, practice surveillance, decision support and reporting. We compared outcomes before and after AWARE implementation using a prospective cohort and a historical control...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919614/use-of-acute-physiology-and-chronic-health-evaluation-apache-ii-and-red-cell-distribution-width-rdw-for-assessment-of-mortality-of-patients-with-sepsis-in-icu
#4
A Q Huda, M R Karim, M A Mahmud, M S Islam, M F Haque, M R Islam, M A Hossain
Critically ill patients of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) need highest level of monitoring, intense nursing care and integrated management which are very expensive and consume significant part of hospital resources. Prediction of outcome from disease has become an essential component of health science. So, various scoring systems have been developed to predict outcome of critically ill patients in ICU. There is no perfect model of severity score to predict ICU mortality. Search for new system is still remaining as continuous efforts to find the best model to get accurate information about the prognosis and outcome of critically ill patients...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917219/reuma-pt-contribution-to-the-knowledge-of-immune-mediated-systemic-rheumatic-diseases
#5
Maria José Santos, Helena Canhão, Ana Filipa Mourão, Filipa Oliveira Ramos, Cristina Ponte, Cátia Duarte, Anabela Barcelos, Fernando Martins, José António Melo Gomes
Patient registries are key instruments aimed at a better understanding of the natural history of diseases, at assessing the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions, as well as identifying rare events or outcomes that are not captured in clinical trials. However, the potential of registries goes far beyond these aspects. For example, registries promote the standardization of clinical practice, can also provide information on domains that are not routinely collected in clinical practice and can support decision-making...
September 14, 2017: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914678/update-topical-antimicrobial-agents-for-chronic-wounds
#6
R Gary Sibbald, James A Elliott, Luvneed Verma, Alisa Brandon, Reneeka Persaud, Elizabeth A Ayello
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on the use of topical antimicrobial agents for the treatment of chronic wounds. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Examine features of wounds and wound healing as well as the purpose of specific antimicrobial agents...
October 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910309/pattern-and-severity-of-multimorbidity-among-patients-attending-primary-care-settings-in-odisha-india
#7
Sanghamitra Pati, Subhashisa Swain, Job Metsemakers, J André Knottnerus, Marjan van den Akker
Multimorbidity is increasingly the primary concern of healthcare systems globally with substantial implications for patient outcomes and resource cost. A critical knowledge gap exists as to the magnitude of multimorbidity in primary care practice in low and middle income countries with available information limited to prevalence. In India, primary care forms the bulk of the health care delivery being provided through both public (community health center) and private general practice setting. We undertook a study to identify multimorbidity patterns and relate these patterns to severity among primary care attendees in Odisha state of India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910302/a-look-back-on-how-far-to-walk-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-physical-access-to-skilled-care-for-childbirth-in-sub-saharan-africa
#8
Kerry L M Wong, Lenka Benova, Oona M R Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To (i) summarize the methods undertaken to measure physical accessibility as the spatial separation between women and health services, and (ii) establish the extent to which distance to skilled care for childbirth affects utilization in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHOD: We defined spatial separation as the distance/travel time between women and skilled care services. The use of skilled care at birth referred to either the location or attendant of childbirth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906263/governing-academic-medical-center-systems-evaluating-and-choosing-among-alternative-governance-approaches
#9
Ramya Chari, Claire O'Hanlon, Peggy Chen, Kristin Leuschner, Christopher Nelson
The ability of academic medical centers (AMCs) to fulfill their triple mission of patient care, medical education, and research is increasingly being threatened by rising financial pressures and resource constraints. Many AMCs are, therefore, looking to expand into academic medical systems, increasing their scale through consolidation or affiliation with other health care systems. As clinical operations grow, though, the need for effective governance becomes even more critical to ensure that the business of patient care does not compromise the rest of the triple mission...
September 12, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903895/putting-the-focus-back-on-the-patient-how-privacy-concerns-affect-personal-health-information-sharing-intentions
#10
Mohamed Abdelhamid, Joana Gaia, G Lawrence Sanders
BACKGROUND: Health care providers are driven by greater participation and systemic cost savings irrespective of benefits to individual patients derived from sharing Personal Health Information (PHI). Protecting PHI is a critical issue in the sharing of health care information systems; yet, there is very little literature examining the topic of sharing PHI electronically. A good overview of the regulatory, privacy, and societal barriers to sharing PHI can be found in the 2009 Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903894/prototype-development-context-driven-dynamic-xml-ophthalmologic-data-capture-application
#11
Peggy Peissig, Kelsey M Schwei, Christopher Kadolph, Joseph Finamore, Efrain Cancel, Catherine A McCarty, Asha Okorie, Kate L Thomas, Jennifer Allen Pacheco, Jyotishman Pathak, Stephen B Ellis, Joshua C Denny, Luke V Rasmussen, Gerard Tromp, Marc S Williams, Tamara R Vrabec, Murray H Brilliant
BACKGROUND: The capture and integration of structured ophthalmologic data into electronic health records (EHRs) has historically been a challenge. However, the importance of this activity for patient care and research is critical. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a prototype of a context-driven dynamic extensible markup language (XML) ophthalmologic data capture application for research and clinical care that could be easily integrated into an EHR system...
September 13, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901343/-italian-guidelines-in-accordance-with-the-new-national-guidelines-system-critical-issues-and-perspectives
#12
Primiano Iannone, Daniela Coclite, Giuseppe Graziano, Antonello Mario Napoletano
Law No. 24/2017 on professional responsibility has assigned a fundamental role to the guidelines, giving the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, through the new Centro Nazionale per l'Eccellenza Clinica, la Qualità e la Sicurezza delle Cure (CNEC), the role of methodological guarantor and of national governance of the guidelines production process. In a scenario marked by the increasing use of defensive medicine, the adherence to guidelines recognized as reliable by an institutional body can lead to the desired reduction of the malpractice claim, as well as to considerable clinical advantages, with the improvement of the quality of healthcare and of health outcomes and the reduction of unjustified variability of clinical practices in the national territory...
September 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895231/software-related-recalls-of-health-information-technology-and-other-medical-devices-implications-for-fda-regulation-of-digital-health
#13
Jay G Ronquillo, Diana M Zuckerman
Policy Points: Medical software has become an increasingly critical component of health care, yet the regulation of these devices is inconsistent and controversial. No studies of medical devices and software assess the impact on patient safety of the FDA's current regulatory safeguards and new legislative changes to those standards. Our analysis quantifies the impact of software problems in regulated medical devices and indicates that current regulations are necessary but not sufficient for ensuring patient safety by identifying and eliminating dangerous defects in software currently on the market...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892437/public-health-system-research-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states-2009-2015-actionable-knowledge-base
#14
REVIEW
Elena Savoia, Leesa Lin, Dottie Bernard, Noah Klein, Lyndon P James, Stefano Guicciardi
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Institute of Medicine released a letter report identifying 4 research priority areas for public health emergency preparedness in public health system research: (1) enhancing the usefulness of training, (2) improving timely emergency communications, (3) creating and maintaining sustainable response systems, and (4) generating effectiveness criteria and metrics. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify and characterize public health system research in public health emergency preparedness produced in the United States from 2009 to 2015, (2) synthesize research findings and assess the level of confidence in these findings, and (3) describe the evolution of knowledge production in public health emergency preparedness system research...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882128/institutional-maternal-and-perinatal-deaths-a-review-of-40-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Patricia E Bailey, Wasihun Andualem, Michel Brun, Lynn Freedman, Sourou Gbangbade, Malick Kante, Emily Keyes, Edwin Libamba, Allisyn C Moran, Halima Mouniri, Dahada Ould El Joud, Kavita Singh
BACKGROUND: Understanding the magnitude and clinical causes of maternal and perinatal mortality are basic requirements for positive change. Facility-based information offers a contextualized resource for clinical and organizational quality improvement. We describe the magnitude of institutional maternal mortality, causes of death and cause-specific case fatality rates, as well as stillbirth and pre-discharge neonatal death rates. METHODS: This paper draws on secondary data from 40 low and middle income countries that conducted emergency obstetric and newborn care assessments over the last 10 years...
September 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877095/hip-surveillance-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-survey-of-the-posna-membership
#16
Benjamin J Shore, Michael W Shrader, Unni Narayanan, Freeman Miller, H Kerr Graham, Kishore Mulpuri
BACKGROUND: Currently, hip surveillance programs for children with cerebral palsy exist in Europe, Australasia, and parts of Canada, but a neuromuscular hip surveillance program has yet to be adopted in the United States. The purpose of this study was to report the current orthopaedic practice of hip surveillance in children with cerebral palsy, identify areas of practice variation, and suggest steps moving forward to generate guidelines for national neuromuscular hip surveillance. METHODS: The entire membership of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) was surveyed in 2016 for information regarding their practice for hip surveillance in children with cerebral palsy...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874945/pediatric-exposures-to-topical-benzocaine-preparations-reported-to-a-statewide-poison-control-system
#17
Rais Vohra, Serena Huntington, Jennifer Koike, Kevin Le, Richard J Geller
INTRODUCTION: Topical benzocaine is a local anesthetic commonly used to relieve pain caused by teething, periodontal irritation, burns, wounds, and insect bites. Oral preparations may contain benzocaine concentrations ranging from 7.5% to 20%. Pediatric exposure to such large concentrations may result in methemoglobinemia and secondarily cause anemia, cyanosis, and hypoxia. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of exposures reported to a statewide poison control system...
August 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868929/voices-and-views-of-congolese-refugee-women-a-qualitative-exploration-to-inform-health-promotion-and-reduce-inequities
#18
Shannon McMorrow, Jyotika Saksena
Refugees have recently been thrust into the spotlight worldwide. The strikingly negative rhetoric currently surrounding refugees calls for increased action from public health educators. In 2016, the largest proportion of refugees to the United States came from the Democratic Republic of Congo. This presents the opportunity to explore health needs as Congolese refugees resettle in the United States, with women taking priority due to health disparities linked to gender-based discrimination, trauma, sexual and gender-based violence, lower literacy rates, and less access to learning English...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863087/framework-of-care-communicating-the-structure-and-processes-of-care
#19
Suzanne Robertson-Malt, Deborah Norton-Westwood
AIM: This article attempts to present a 'macro view' of the role and nature of an organization's Framework of Care (FrOC). This 'view' arises from a critical reflection on the available literature and the combined professional experience of the authors, who have worked in a variety of healthcare systems and settings in Australia, North America, United Kingdom, and the Middle East. BACKGROUND: FrOC can be defined as the systems and processes within an organization that structure the delivery of care...
September 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862885/educational-interventions-to-enhance-competencies-for-interprofessional-collaboration-among-nurse-and-physician-managers-an-integrative-review
#20
Christina Clausen, Kelly Cummins, Kelley Dionne
Collaborative leadership and management structures are critical to transforming care delivery. Both nurse and physician managers are uniquely positioned to co-lead. However, little is known on how to prepare and support individuals for these co-leader arrangements. The re-design of healthcare professional education focuses on interprofessional collaboration, mutual learning, and a competency-based approach. While competencies for interprofessional collaboration have been delineated, competencies for collaborative management practice have yet to be addressed...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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