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Santosh Shrestha, Henrik Bak Topbjerg, Nanna Karkov Ytting, Henrik Skovgård, Birte Boelt
BACKGROUND: Multispectral (MS) imaging system is a non-destructive method that has potential in reducing labour and time required for quality control in the production of beneficial arthropods like the parasitoid Bathyplectus curculionis. In Denmark, a project is focusing on possible use of B. curculionis in augmentative control of Hypera weevil pests in white clover seed production where cocoons of the parasitoid remain as a by-product of seed processing. Only a fraction of the by-product contains live parasitoid larvae and requires an effective method for sorting the live cocoons for later augmentative control of the pest...
March 15, 2018: Pest Management Science
Roberto Romani, Sara Ruschioni, Paola Riolo, Nunzio Isidoro
Pimplinae are parasitoids belonging to the family Ichneumonidae that attack and develops inside hidden host; female wasps evolved a peculiar host recognition strategy, that involves the use of self-produced vibrations which are transmitted through the antennae on the substrate and perceived back as an echo using the leg subgenual organ. In this study we investigated, using both scanning and transmission electron microscopy, the antennal tips of a few Pimplinae. In all the investigated species, the antennal tips present peculiar apical pegs with different shape and number, often defining a flattened sole devoid of other antennal structures, such as sensilla...
February 6, 2018: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
R J Monsreal-Ceballos, E Ruiz-Sánchez, H S Ballina-Gómez, A Reyes-Ramírez, A González-Moreno
Botanical insecticides (BIs) are considered a valuable alternative for plant protection in sustainable agriculture. The use of both BIs and parasitoids are presumed to be mutually compatible pest management practices. However, there is controversy on this subject, as various studies have reported lethal and sublethal effects of BIs on hymenopteran parasitoids. To shed new light on this controversy, a meta-analytic approach of the effects of BIs on adult mortality, parasitism, and parasitoid emergence under laboratory conditions was performed...
February 10, 2018: Neotropical Entomology
Alejandra González-Moreno, Santiago Bordera
The female of Labena madoricola González-Moreno & Bordera, 2015 is described and illustrated for the first time from material collected with Malaise traps in 2016 in the Biocultural Reserve Kaxil Kiuic, Yucatán, Mexico. Diagnostic characters to distinguish females of New World Labena are provided. New distribution records of Labena species in Yucatán Peninsula, are also reported.
October 24, 2017: Zootaxa
Young-Fa Chen, Chia-Lung Huang, Yu-Feng Hsu
A new species of Hyposoter Foerster, 1869 is discovered based on morphology of adults and cocoons, biology, and DNA barcoding evidence. It is herein described as Hyposoter distriangulum Chen, Huang & Hsu sp. nov. , which is a common parasitoid of a rare zygaenid moth Artona flavipuncta Hampson, 1900. The differences between similar Hyposoter species in Japan and Taiwan are also presented.
October 17, 2017: Zootaxa
A González-Moreno, S Bordera, J Leirana-Alcocer, H Delfín-González, H S Ballina-Gómez
Insect fauna biodiversity in natural protected areas has not been thoroughly studied. Therefore, the aim of this work was to assess whether and how vegetation types, land management and seasonality influence the diversity of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) in the Ría Lagartos Biosphere Reserve (Mexico). A sampling programme was conducted using Malaise traps from 2008 to 2009 in three vegetation types, each with two conservation zones (core and buffer zones). Three seasons were considered: rainy, dry and north-winds (isolated storms from November to February)...
November 23, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Kyohei Watanabe
The Japanese species of the genus Amphirhachis Townes, 1970 are revised. Four species are found from Japan and two them, A. fujieisp. n. and A. miyabisp. n. are here described as new. A key to world species of this genus is provided.
2017: ZooKeys
Pierre Franck, Mariline Maalouly-Matar, Jérôme Olivares
Biological control requires specific tools for the accurate detection and identification of natural enemies in order to estimate variations in their abundance and their impact according to changes in environmental conditions or agricultural practices. Here, we developed two molecular methods of detection based on PCR-RFLP with universal primers and on PCR with specific primers to identify commonly occurring larval parasitoids of the tortricid fruit pests and to estimate parasitism in the codling moth. Both methods were designed based on DNA sequences of the COI mitochondrial gene for a range of parasitoids that emerged from Cydia pomonella and Grapholitamolesta caterpillars (102 parasitoids; nine species) and a range of potential tortricid hosts (40 moths; five species) damaging fruits...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Kees van Achterberg, Andreas Taeger, Stephan M Blank, Kees Zwakhals, Matti Viitasaari, Dicky Sick Ki Yu, Yde de Jong
Fauna Europaea provides a public web-service with an index of scientific names (including important synonyms) of all extant European terrestrial and freshwater animals, their geographical distribution at the level of countries and major islands (west of the Urals and excluding the Caucasus region), and some additional information. The Fauna Europaea project comprises about 230,000 taxonomic names, including 130,000 accepted species and 14,000 accepted subspecies, which is much more than the originally projected number of 100,000 species...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
Tao Li, Mao-Ling Sheng, Kyohei Watanabe, Zheng-Fu Guo
The genus Glyphicnemis Förster, 1869 is newly recorded from the Oriental Region based on a new species, Glyphicnemis ganica Sheng & Li, sp. n., collected from Jiangxi Province, in the oriental part of China. This species resembles G. watanabei (Uchida, 1930) from Japan in the coloration of flagellum and the structure and colouration of metasomal tergites, but it can be distinguished by the density and length of clypeal setae, the large propodeal spiracle, and the sculpture of area superomedia. Illustrations of G...
2017: ZooKeys
Jober Fernando Sobczak, Yuri Fanchini Messas, Diego Galvão DE Pádua
Ichneumonid wasps of the Polysphincta genus-group (Polysphinctini sensu Townes hereafter "polysphinctine wasps") are exclusively koinobiont ectoparasitoids of spiders (Fitton et al. 1987; Gauld 2006). Since the first report of a spider's behavior being manipulated by a polysphinctine wasp (Eberhard 2000), several studies have since focused on unravelling the mechanisms and evolution of this association (e.g. Gonzaga & Sobczak 2007; Matsumoto 2009; Sobczak et al. 2009; Eberhard 2010; Gonzaga & Sobczak 2011; Korenko & Pekár 2011; Korenko et al...
March 23, 2017: Zootaxa
Q I Yue, Alexey Reshchikov, Yuchen Ang, Zai-Fu Xu, Hong Pang
Two species of Allophrys Förster are described from the Oriental region, A. cantonensis Reshchikov& Yue, sp. nov., collected from Guangdong, China and A. falcatus Reshchikov,  sp. nov. from Davao, Philippines. This is first record of the genus from China. A key to the Oriental species of the genus is provided.
March 27, 2017: Zootaxa
Andrei E Humala
The Neotropical species of the genus Gnathochorisis (Ichneumonidae: Orthocentrinae) are reviewed, seven species: G. enodis sp. nov., G. khalaimi sp. nov. from Mexico, G. intercalaris sp. nov., G. punctata sp. nov., G. rufa sp. nov., G. rufithorax sp. nov. from French Guiana, and G. dilleri sp. nov. from Peru are described and illustrated, and one species G. laticincta comb. nov. is transferred from the genus Symplecis. A key to the Neotropical Gnathochorisis species is provided.
April 5, 2017: Zootaxa
Oleksandr Varga
Seven species of Rhimphoctona Förster, 1869: R. longicauda Horstmann, 1980, R. megacephalus (Gravenhorst, 1829), R. obscuripes (Holmgren, 1860), R. pectoralis (Kriechbaumer, 1890), R. rufocoxalis (Clément, 1924), R. teredo (Hartig, 1847), R. xoridiformis (Holmgren, 1860) are recorded from the Ukrainian Carpathians. All species, except R. megacephalus, are recorded from Ukraine for the first time. The following synonymy is established: Rhimphoctona pectoralis = R. maiator Aubert, 1986 syn. nov. An illustrated key to all European Rhimphoctona species is provided...
May 9, 2017: Zootaxa
Lisa Tewksbury, Richard A Casagrande, Naomi Cappuccino, Marc Kenis
Three larval parasitoids were imported from Europe to control the lily leaf beetle, Lilioceris lilii Scopoli (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), an accidentally introduced herbivore of native and cultivated lilies in North America. Tetrastichus setifer Thomson (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) was introduced in Massachusetts in 1999, and was found to be established there in 2002. Subsequent releases of T. setifer were made and two additional parasitoids, Lemophagus errabundus Szepligeti (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) and Diaparsis jucunda (Holmgren) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), were introduced...
April 1, 2017: Environmental Entomology
Alexey Reshchikov, Jin-Kyung Choi, Jong-Wook Lee
Four new species of the genus Lathrolestes Förster, 1869 are discovered from South Korea: Lathrolestes redimiculus Reshchikov & Lee, sp. n., Lathrolestes sexmaculatus Reshchikov & Lee, sp. n., Lathrolestes taebaeksanensis Reshchikov & Lee, sp. n., and Lathrolestes ungnyeo Reshchikov & Lee, sp. n. This is the first record of the genus from South Korea.
2017: ZooKeys
Shu-Ping Sun, Mao-Ling Sheng, Tian-Lin Chen
A new species of Poemeniinae, Poemenia quercusia Sun & Sheng, sp. n., is described and illustrated. Specimens were reared from twigs of Quercus wutaishanica Blume in Haicheng, Liaoning province, P.R. China. A key to species known from China and the Eastern Palaearctic Region is provided.
2017: ZooKeys
David Muru, Michael Madl, Maxime Jacquot, Jean-Philippe Deguine
A review of the genera and species of Hymenoptera Parasitica and Chrysidoidea reported so far from Reunion Island is provided with host information. Data presented here is based on a review of the existing literature by the authors. The list includes: (1) 156 species of Ichneumonoidea belonging to 65 genera and 25 subfamilies (Braconidae: Agathidinae, Alysiinae, Aphidiinae, Braconinae, Charmontinae, Cheloninae, Doryctinae, Euphorinae, Gnamptodontinae, Microgastrinae, Opiinae; Ichneumonidae: Banchinae, Campopleginae, Cremastinae, Cryptinae, Diplazontinae, Ichneumoninae, Mesochorinae, Metopiinae, Ophioninae, Orthocentrinae, Pimplinae, Tersilochinae, Tryphoninae); (2) 121 species of Chalcidoidea belonging to 56 genera and 8 families (Agaonidae, Aphelinidae, Chalcididae, Encyrtidae, Eulophidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Ormyridae, Pteromalidae, Signophoridae, Torymidae and Trichogrammatidae); (3) seven species of Cynipoidea (family Figitidae); (4) six species of Chrysidoidea in three families (Bethylidae, Chrysididae, Dryinidae); (5) five species of Platygastroidea (families Platygastridae and Scelionidae); (6) five species of Diaprioidea (family Diapriidae); (7) four species of Ceraphronoidae (families Ceraphronidae and Megaspilidae); and (8) two species of Evanioidea (family Evaniidae)...
2017: ZooKeys
Bernardo F Santos, Alexandre P Aguiar, Anazélia M Tedesco, Julio C R Fontenelle
BACKGROUND: The temporal dynamics of insect populations in tropical environments is highly complex and poorly known. Long-term seasonality studies are scarce, and particularly so for ichneumonid wasps (Hymenoptera Ichneumonidae). This study represents an effort to elucidate aspects of seasonality and forest succession in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. NEW INFORMATION: We report on the seasonal and successional dominance of the ichneumonid wasp Trihapsis polita (Cryptinae)...
2017: Biodiversity Data Journal
Pier Luigi Scaramozzino, Augusto Loni, Andrea Lucchi
This paper is aimed to summarize the information available on the parasitoid complex of the European Grapevine Moth (EGVM), Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775) (Lepidoptera Tortricidae) in Italy. The list is the result of the consultation of a vast bibliography published in Italy for almost two hundred years, from 1828 to date. This allowed the clarification and correction of misunderstandings and mistakes on the taxonomic position of each species listed. In Italy the complex of parasitoids detected on EGVM includes approximately 90 species belonging to ten families of Hymenoptera (Braconidae, Ichneumonidae, Chalcididae, Eulophidae, Eupelmidae, Eurytomidae, Pteromalidae, Torymidae, Trichogrammatidae, and Bethylidae) and one family of Diptera (Tachinidae)...
2017: ZooKeys
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