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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727886/shared-vision
#1
Ian Wicks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723606/visual-snow-syndrome-and-its-relationship-to-tinnitus
#2
Matthew Renze
Visual snow is a symptom described as the continuous perception of tiny flickering dots in the entire field of vision, similar to static of an analog television. Visual snow syndrome is a cluster of symptoms found highly prevalent in patients that present with visual snow. While most of these symptoms appear to be visual in nature, approximately 63% of patients studied also report continuous bilateral tinnitus. The high correlation of visual-snow-syndrome patients presenting with tinnitus suggests that they may share a common underlying pathophysiology...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711216/national-nursing-science-priorities-creating-a-shared-vision
#3
Patricia Eckardt, Joan M Culley, Elizabeth Corwin, Therese Richmond, Cynthia Dougherty, Rita H Pickler, Cheryl A Krause-Parello, Carol F Roye, Jessica G Rainbow, Holli A DeVon
BACKGROUND: Nursing science is essential to advance population health through contributions at all phases of scientific inquiry. Multiple scientific initiatives important to nursing science overlap in aims and population focus. PURPOSE: This article focused on providing the American Academy of Nursing and nurse scientists in the Unites States with a blueprint of nursing science priorities to inform a shared vision for future collaborations, areas of scientific inquiry, and resource allocation...
June 12, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709004/mapping-the-neural-substrates-of-behavior
#4
Alice A Robie, Jonathan Hirokawa, Austin W Edwards, Lowell A Umayam, Allen Lee, Mary L Phillips, Gwyneth M Card, Wyatt Korff, Gerald M Rubin, Julie H Simpson, Michael B Reiser, Kristin Branson
Assigning behavioral functions to neural structures has long been a central goal in neuroscience and is a necessary first step toward a circuit-level understanding of how the brain generates behavior. Here, we map the neural substrates of locomotion and social behaviors for Drosophila melanogaster using automated machine-vision and machine-learning techniques. From videos of 400,000 flies, we quantified the behavioral effects of activating 2,204 genetically targeted populations of neurons. We combined a novel quantification of anatomy with our behavioral analysis to create brain-behavior correlation maps, which are shared as browsable web pages and interactive software...
July 13, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701558/modulation-frequency-as-a-cue-for-auditory-speed-perception
#5
Irene Senna, Cesare V Parise, Marc O Ernst
Unlike vision, the mechanisms underlying auditory motion perception are poorly understood. Here we describe an auditory motion illusion revealing a novel cue to auditory speed perception: the temporal frequency of amplitude modulation (AM-frequency), typical for rattling sounds. Naturally, corrugated objects sliding across each other generate rattling sounds whose AM-frequency tends to directly correlate with speed. We found that AM-frequency modulates auditory speed perception in a highly systematic fashion: moving sounds with higher AM-frequency are perceived as moving faster than sounds with lower AM-frequency...
July 12, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697708/agreed-definitions-and-a-shared-vision-for-new-standards-in-stroke-recovery-research-the-stroke-recovery-and-rehabilitation-roundtable-taskforce
#6
Julie Bernhardt, Kathryn S Hayward, Gert Kwakkel, Nick S Ward, Steven L Wolf, Karen Borschmann, John W Krakauer, Lara A Boyd, S Thomas Carmichael, Dale Corbett, Steven C Cramer
The first Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable established a game changing set of new standards for stroke recovery research. Common language and definitions were required to develop an agreed framework spanning the four working groups: translation of basic science, biomarkers of stroke recovery, measurement in clinical trials and intervention development and reporting. This paper outlines the working definitions established by our group and an agreed vision for accelerating progress in stroke recovery research...
July 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692964/joint-semantic-and-latent-attribute-modelling-for-cross-class-transfer-learning
#7
Peixi Peng, Yonghong Tian, Tao Xiang, Yaowei Wang, Massimiliano Pontil, Tiejun Huang
A number of vision problems such as zero-shot learning and person re-identification can be considered as cross-class transfer learning problems. As mid-level semantic properties shared cross different object classes, attributes have been studied extensively for knowledge-transfer across classes. Most previous attribute learning methods focus only on human-defined/nameable semantic attributes, whilst ignoring the fact there also exist undefined/latent shareable visual properties, or latent attributes. These latent attributes can be either discriminative or non-discriminative parts depending on whether they can contribute to an object recognition task...
July 6, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682246/breakingnews-article-annotation-by-image-and-text-processing
#8
Arnau Ramisa, Fei Yan, Francesc Moreno-Noguer, Krystian Mikolajczyk
Current approaches lying in the intersection of computer vision and NLP have achieved unprecedented breakthroughs in tasks like automatic captioning or image retrieval. Most of these methods, though, rely on training sets of images associated with annotations that specifically describe the visual content. This paper proposes going a step further and explores more complex cases where textual descriptions are loosely related to images. We focus on the particular domain of News. We introduce new deep learning methods that address source and popularity prediction, article illustration, and article geolocation...
June 30, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674303/global-practices-of-interprofessional-education-ipe-and-relevant-international-activities
#9
Naoko Arakawa
 Activities related to interprofessional education (IPE) vary between countries according to local and national health needs and systems. The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) Education Initiative endeavors to provide a global vision in IPE by the sharing of experiences and gathering of evidence collaboratively to facilitate country-level initiatives. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the further development of IPE activities in pharmacy in Japan through sharing global perspectives and activities related to IPE...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671876/sustaining-multistakeholder-alliances
#10
Thomas D'Aunno, Larry Hearld, Jeffrey A Alexander
BACKGROUND: Multistakeholder alliances that bring together diverse organizations to work on community-level health issues are playing an increasingly prominent role in the U.S. health care system. Yet, these alliances by their nature are fragile. In particular, low barriers to exit make alliances particularly vulnerable to disruption if key stakeholders leave. What factors are linked to the sustainability of alliances? One way to approach this question is to examine the perceptions of alliance participants, whose on-going involvement in alliances likely will matter much to their sustainability...
June 30, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671540/health-system-innovation-lessons-from-tobacco-control
#11
John Garcia
Comprehensive tobacco control is considered by many to be a model for effective population health promotion and chronic disease prevention. Its history holds lessons for the "scalable, actionable, innovation agenda" called for by Anne Snowdon (2017). This commentary discusses lessons from tobacco control related to: changing practices in response to evolving paradigms and scientific evidence; international best practices; the importance of a broadly-accepted, shared vision about elements of an effective strategy; scientific and public service leadership; social actors leading change through advocacy, policy and the media; organizational learning mechanisms and capacity building systems; and, the importance of a continuously renewing, forward-looking agenda...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667220/a-prospective-study-on-the-variation-in-falling-and-fall-risk-among-community-dwelling-older-citizens-in-12-european-countries
#12
Carmen B Franse, Judith Ac Rietjens, Alex Burdorf, Amy van Grieken, Ida J Korfage, Agnes van der Heide, Francesco Mattace Raso, Ed van Beeck, Hein Raat
OBJECTIVES: The rate of falling among older citizens appears to vary across different countries, but the underlying aspects causing this variation are unexplained. We aim to describe between-country variation in falling and explore whether intrinsic fall risk factors can explain possible variation. DESIGN: Prospective study on data from the cross-national Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). SETTING: Twelve European countries (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland)...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655019/shared-vision
#13
Ian Wicks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654479/knowledge-translation-in-rehabilitation-a-shared-vision
#14
Jennifer L Moore, Keiko Shikako-Thomas, Deborah Backus
PURPOSE: Advances in rehabilitation provide the infrastructure for research and clinical data to improve care and patient outcomes. However, gaps between research and practice are prevalent. Knowledge translation (KT) aims to decrease the gap between research and its clinical use. This special communication summarizes KT-related proceedings from the 2016 IV STEP conference, describes current KT in rehabilitation science, and provides suggestions for its application in clinical care. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: We propose a vision for rehabilitation clinical practice and research that includes the development, adaptation, and implementation of evidence-based practice recommendations, which will contribute to a learning health care system...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650683/mechanical-bowel-preparation-for-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-is-it-really-necessary
#15
Kadir Bakay, Fatih Aytekin
In this prospective randomised single-blind case-controlled cohort study the aim was to compare the effects of mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) on field of vision and surgical comfort during total laparoscopic hysterectomy procedures. The study group was made of 102 patients that had undergone total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH), between July 2012 and June 2014. Statistical comparison was made between the means of durations of operation between the two groups divided by visual indexing (VI). The patients with a VI score of less than 2 and those with VI score of 2 or higher were compared in terms of operation duration in regard to the criteria described above...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644235/chandelier-illumination-for-descemet-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty
#16
Toshiki Shimizu, Takahiko Hayashi, Kentaro Yuda, Ayako Tsuchiya, Itaru Oyakawa, Nobuhisa Mizuki, Naoko Kato
PURPOSE: To describe a simple technique that uses posterior chandelier illumination during Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty in cases of severe bullous keratopathy (BK). METHODS: Five eyes of 4 patients with advanced BK undergoing Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty were retrospectively analyzed. The pupil of the host eye was not treated with mydriatic or miotic agents. The chandelier illuminator was inserted transconjunctivally into the vitreous cavity from the pars plana...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639548/a-leadership-perspective-on-a-shared-vision-for-healthcare
#17
Tracy Kitch
Our country's recent negotiations for a new Health Accord have shone light on the importance of more accessible and better home care. The direction being taken on health funding investments has sent a strong message about healthcare system redesign. It is time to design a healthcare system that moves us away from a hospital-focused model to one that is more effective, integrated and sustainable and one that places a greater emphasis on primary care, community care and home care. The authors of the lead paper (Sharkey and Lefebre 2017) provide their vision for people-powered care and explore the opportunity for nursing leaders to draw upon the unique expertise and insights of home care nursing as a strategic lever to bring about real health system transformation across all settings...
2017: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633915/patient-centered-care-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a%C3%A2-vision%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-future
#18
REVIEW
Janet Hilbert, Henry K Yaggi
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common condition, with multiple potential neurocognitive, cardiovascular, and metabolic consequences. Efficacious treatment is available, but patient engagement is typically required for treatment to be effective. Patients with sleep apnea are phenotypically diverse and have individual needs, preferences, and values that impact treatment decisions. There has been a shift in obstructive sleep apnea management from diagnosis to chronic care management. Making treatment decisions that incorporate an individual patient's values and preferences and are personalized for that patient's biology has the potential to improve patient outcomes...
February 24, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629486/the-collaboration-of-general-practitioners-and-nurses-in-primary-care-a-comparative-analysis-of-concepts-and-practices-in-slovenia-and-spain
#19
Kerstin Hämel, Carina Vössing
Aim A comparative analysis of concepts and practices of GP-nurse collaborations in primary health centres in Slovenia and Spain. BACKGROUND: Cross-professional collaboration is considered a key element for providing high-quality comprehensive care by combining the expertise of various professions. In many countries, nurses are also being given new and more extensive responsibilities. Implemented concepts of collaborative care need to be analysed within the context of care concepts, organisational structures, and effective collaboration...
June 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625197/do-not-confuse-multidisciplinary-task-management-in-nursing-homes-with-interprofessional-care
#20
Giannoula Tsakitzidis, Sibyl Anthierens, Olaf Timmermans, Steven Truijen, Herman Meulemans, Paul Van Royen
Problem statement Little is known about how interprofessional healthcare providers in nursing homes work together. We know that interprofessional teamwork evolves from trial and error learning and so interprofessional collaboration has to be actively taught. This study aims to gain insights in the perception of professionals towards interprofessional collaboration in nursing homes and the factors that have an impact on interprofessional collaboration. Approach A qualitative descriptive methodology using focus group interviews and additional semi-structured interviews was performed...
June 19, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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