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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633915/patient-centered-care-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a%C3%A2-vision%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-future
#1
REVIEW
Janet Hilbert, Henry K Yaggi
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common condition, with multiple potential neurocognitive, cardiovascular, and metabolic consequences. Efficacious treatment is available, but patient engagement is typically required for treatment to be effective. Patients with sleep apnea are phenotypically diverse and have individual needs, preferences, and values that impact treatment decisions. There has been a shift in obstructive sleep apnea management from diagnosis to chronic care management. Making treatment decisions that incorporate an individual patient's values and preferences and are personalized for that patient's biology has the potential to improve patient outcomes...
February 24, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629486/the-collaboration-of-general-practitioners-and-nurses-in-primary-care-a-comparative-analysis-of-concepts-and-practices-in-slovenia-and-spain
#2
Kerstin Hämel, Carina Vössing
Aim A comparative analysis of concepts and practices of GP-nurse collaborations in primary health centres in Slovenia and Spain. BACKGROUND: Cross-professional collaboration is considered a key element for providing high-quality comprehensive care by combining the expertise of various professions. In many countries, nurses are also being given new and more extensive responsibilities. Implemented concepts of collaborative care need to be analysed within the context of care concepts, organisational structures, and effective collaboration...
June 20, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625197/do-not-confuse-multidisciplinary-task-management-in-nursing-homes-with-interprofessional-care
#3
Giannoula Tsakitzidis, Sibyl Anthierens, Olaf Timmermans, Steven Truijen, Herman Meulemans, Paul Van Royen
Problem statement Little is known about how interprofessional healthcare providers in nursing homes work together. We know that interprofessional teamwork evolves from trial and error learning and so interprofessional collaboration has to be actively taught. This study aims to gain insights in the perception of professionals towards interprofessional collaboration in nursing homes and the factors that have an impact on interprofessional collaboration. Approach A qualitative descriptive methodology using focus group interviews and additional semi-structured interviews was performed...
June 19, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624601/the-manchester-fly-facility-implementing-an-objective-driven-long-term-science-communication-initiative
#4
REVIEW
Sanjai Patel, Andreas Prokop
Science communication is increasingly important for scientists, although research, teaching and administration activities tend to eat up our time already, and budgets for science communication are usually low. It appears impossible to combine all these tasks and, in addition, to develop engagement activities to a quality and impact that would make the efforts worth their while. Here we argue that these challenges are easier addressed when centering science communication initiatives on a long-term vision with a view to eventually forming outreach networks where the load can be shared whilst being driven to higher momentum...
June 15, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622408/creation-of-the-quebrada-arriba-community-and-academic-partnership-an-effective-coalition-for-addressing-health-disparities-in-older-puerto-ricans
#5
Elsa M Orellano-Colón, Yolanda González-Laboy, Amarelis De Jesús-Rosario
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to develop a community-academic coalition partnership to conduct community-based participatory research (CBPR) to address health disparities in older adults with chronic conditions living in the Quebrada Arriba community. METHODS: We used the 'Developing and Sustaining CPPR Partnerships: A Skill-Building Curriculum', to create the Quebrada Arriba Community-Academic Partnership (QACAP). We assessed the meetings effectiveness and the CBPR experiences of the coalition members in the community-academic partnership...
June 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620705/topical-bevacizumab-treatment-in-aniridia
#6
Ruth Lapid-Gortzak, Nathalie T Y Santana, Carla P Nieuwendaal, Maarten P Mourits, Ivanka J E van der Meulen
PURPOSE: To report the results of long-term topical treatment with bevacizumab (Avastin) 5 mg/mL eyedrops in a case of aniridia-related neovacularization of the cornea. METHODS: Interventional case report. A female patient with aniridia had a decrease in the best corrected visual acuity from 0.32 to 0.02 in the OS over the course of 4 years, secondary to central corneal neovascularization and epithelial breakdown. Vision in the OD was 0.2. In 2008, at age 28, a shared decision was made to start off-label treatment with bevacizumab eyedrops 0...
June 15, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619422/joint-engagement-in-infants-and-its-relationship-to-their-visual-impairment-measurements
#7
Andrea Urqueta Alfaro, Valerie S Morash, Daisy Lei, Deborah Orel-Bixler
Coordination of attention between a social partner and an external focus of shared interest, called joint engagement, is associated with positive developmental outcomes such as better language, socio-emotional, and theory of mind skills in sighted infants. Current measures of joint engagement rely on an infant's visual behaviors, making it difficult to study joint engagement in infants with low or no vision. In a naturalistic observational study, 20 infants with various levels of visual impairments - mean ages: 1...
June 12, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617242/a-subset-of-iprgcs-regulates-both-maturation-of-the-circadian-clock-and-segregation-of-retinogeniculate-projections-in-mice
#8
Kylie S Chew, Jordan M Renna, David S McNeill, Diego Carlos Fernandez, William Thomas Keenan, Michael B Thomsen, Jennifer L Ecker, Gideon S Loevinsohn, Cassandra VanDunk, Daniel C Vicarel, Adele Tufford, Shijun Weng, Paul A Gray, Michel Cayouette, Erik D Herzog, Haiqing Zhao, David M Berson, Samer Hattar
The visual system consists of two major subsystems, image-forming circuits that drive conscious vision and non-image-forming circuits for behaviors such as circadian photoentrainment. While historically considered non-overlapping, recent evidence has uncovered crosstalk between these subsystems. Here we investigated shared developmental mechanisms. We revealed an unprecedented role for light in the maturation of the circadian clock and discovered that intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) are critical for this refinement process...
June 15, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617013/the-role-of-policy-in-supporting-clinician-led-research-on-behavioral-health-integration
#9
Nathaniel Z Counts
In Best Care at Lower Cost, the Institute of Medicine laid out a vision for continuously learning health systems (Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, 2016). This issue of Families, Systems, & Health represents a substantial step toward this vision, with on-the-ground clinicians and administrators testing empirically informed hypotheses about practice transformation and population health management, and using those results to produce shared learning within and across systems. While the studies in this issue demonstrate that producing generalizable knowledge from clinician-led initiatives is feasible, they also demonstrate that the current system does not adequately support clinicians in doing so...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612405/a-comparative-transcriptomic-analysis-of-development-in-two-astyanax-cavefish-populations
#10
Bethany A Stahl, Joshua B Gross
Organisms that are isolated into extreme environments often evolve extreme phenotypes. However, global patterns of dynamic gene expression changes that accompany dramatic environmental changes remain largely unknown. The blind Mexican cavefish, Astyanax mexicanus, has evolved a number of severe cave-associated phenotypes including loss of vision and pigmentation, craniofacial bone fusions, increased fat storage, reduced sleep, and amplified nonvisual sensory systems. Interestingly, surface-dwelling forms have repeatedly entered different caves throughout Mexico, providing a natural set of "replicate" instances of cave isolation...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606138/exploring-shared-risks-through-public-private-partnerships-in-public-health-programs-a-mixed-method
#11
Wadi B Alonazi
BACKGROUND: The natural assimilation of the process through which health partners sustain long-term relationships is a key issue in maintaining social well-being, reducing health risk factors, and sustaining public health programs. One global initiative in building effective healthcare systems is public-private partnerships (PPPs). This study elucidates the proposed key performance indicators initiated by the Ministry of Health of Saudi Arabia based on the projections of the government, known as Vision 2030, from the perspective of health risk factors...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604541/high-dose-high-frequency-aflibercept-for-recalcitrant-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#12
Qi Sheng You, Raouf Gaber, Amit Meshi, Hema L Ramkumar, Mostafa Alam, Ilkay Kilic Muftuoglu, William R Freeman
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of monthly (0.1 mL/4 mg) aflibercept for refractory neovascular age-related macular degeneration (wet age-related macular degeneration). METHODS: This was a retrospective interventional case series in which patients with wet age-related macular degeneration were treated with stepwise dose escalation. Nonvitrectomized patients resistant to monthly (Q4W) ranibizumab/bevacizumab were switched to 2 mg aflibercept every 8 weeks. With resistance, they were escalated to Q4W 2 mg aflibercept, then Q4W 4 mg (high dose high frequency, 4Q4W) aflibercept...
June 9, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600251/image-structure-retrieval-via-l-sub-0-sub-minimization
#13
Yujing Sun, Scott Schaefer, Wenping Wang
Retrieving salient structure from textured images is an important but difficult problem in computer vision because texture, which can be irregular, anisotropic, non-uniform and complex, shares many of the same properties as structure. Observing that salient structure in a textured image should be piece-wise smooth, we present a method to retrieve such structures using an L0 minimization of a modified form of the relative total variation metric. Thanks to the characteristics shared by texture and small structures, our method is effective at retrieving structure based on scale as well...
June 2, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599719/-working-together-how-and-for-which-care
#14
Françoise Acker, Anne Perraut Soliveres
The division and specialisation of the work of doctors and nurses is heightening the tensions in their professional relations. The increased interdependency of actions requires more collaboration between health professionals. 'Working together' can be facilitated by a reflected work organisation style, a shared vision of care and work between nursing managers and heads of department.
June 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595660/health-technology-assessment-in-turkey
#15
Rabia Kahveci, Esra Meltem Koç, Emine Özer Küçük
OBJECTIVES: The healthcare transformation program in Turkey has shown its success with improvements in important health indicators, increased access to healthcare services and expansion of coverage to all citizens. Turkey has been relatively able to bear the burdens associated with this due to rapid economic growth. The need for health technology assessment (HTA) was believed as a result of the expansion of coverage, pressure of new technologies, and increased expenditures. This study outlines the background and current formalization of HTA and shares the current use of HTA in decision making, while summarizing the transformation of the Turkish healthcare system for developing a high-quality, equal, and accessible care system...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588527/unconscious-imagination-and-the-mental-imagery-debate
#16
REVIEW
Berit Brogaard, Dimitria Electra Gatzia
Traditionally, philosophers have appealed to the phenomenological similarity between visual experience and visual imagery to support the hypothesis that there is significant overlap between the perceptual and imaginative domains. The current evidence, however, is inconclusive: while evidence from transcranial brain stimulation seems to support this conclusion, neurophysiological evidence from brain lesion studies (e.g., from patients with brain lesions resulting in a loss of mental imagery but not a corresponding loss of perception and vice versa) indicates that there are functional and anatomical dissociations between mental imagery and perception...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587471/factors-that-impact-the-success-of-interorganizational-health-promotion-collaborations-a-scoping-review
#17
Cherisse L Seaton, Nikolai Holm, Joan L Bottorff, Margaret Jones-Bricker, Sally Errey, Cristina M Caperchione, Sonia Lamont, Steven T Johnson, Theresa Healy
OBJECTIVE: To explore published empirical literature in order to identify factors that facilitate or inhibit collaborative approaches for health promotion using a scoping review methodology. DATA SOURCE: A comprehensive search of MEDLINE, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, PsycINFO, and Academic Search Complete for articles published between January 2001 and October 2015 was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586430/national-study-of-excellence-and-innovation-in-physical-therapist-education-part-1-design-method-and-results
#18
Gail M Jensen, Terrence Nordstrom, Elizabeth Mostrom, Laurita M Hack, Janet Gwyer
Background.: The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching commissioned the Preparation for the Professions Program, a qualitative study of professional education in 5 professions: medicine, nursing, law, engineering and clergy. These studies identified curricular structures, instructional practices, assessment approaches and environmental characteristics that support the preparation of professionals and led to educational reforms. The physical therapy profession has not had any in-depth, national investigation of physical therapist education since the Catherine Worthingham studies conducted more than 50 years ago...
June 6, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585988/an-academic-service-partnership-a-system-wide-approach-and-case-report
#19
Esther H Bay, Dana J Tschannen
BACKGROUND: An academic-service partnership was formed to increase educational capacity, improve evidence-based nursing at the point of care, and engage staff nurses, clinical faculty, and students in patient and family care. METHOD: This case report reflects an overview of the first year of full implementation, and survey results from nurse leaders and faculty at the 3-year time point. RESULTS: Following its third year of an academic-service partnership, the shared mission, vision, and values have resulted in stronger NCLEX-RN results, improved quality initiatives, and trends for improvements in patient outcomes...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573502/re-positioning-faculty-development-as-knowledge-mobilization-for%C3%A2-health-professions-education
#20
Stella L Ng, Lindsay R Baker, Karen Leslie
Faculty development as knowledge mobilization offers a particularly fruitful and novel avenue for exploring the research-practice interface in health professions education. We use this 'eye opener' to build off this assertion to envision faculty development as an enterprise that provides a formal, recognized space for the sharing of research and practical knowledge among health professions educators. Faculty development's knowledge mobilizing strategies and outcomes, which draw upon varied sources of knowledge, make it a potentially effective knowledge mobilization vehicle...
June 1, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
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