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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923812/primary-care-and-public-health-perspectives-on-integration-at-the-local-level-a-multi-state-study
#1
Rebekah Pratt, Beth Gyllstrom, Kim Gearin, David Hahn, Lisa VanRaemdonck, Kevin Peterson, Laura-Mae Baldwin
OBJECTIVE: The Institute of Medicine argues that the integration of primary care (PC) and public health (PH) is of paramount importance. We undertook this qualitative study to better understand how these collaborations function. DATA SOURCES: Investigators from PC and PH practice-based research networks in Colorado, Minnesota, Washington, and Wisconsin identified 40 key informants from the PH and PC fields within their respective states. STUDY DESIGN: The key informants participated in standardized, semistructured interviews...
September 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915776/sharing-the-vision-innovation-integration-and-new-horizons-report-of-the-third-transatlantic-wound-science-and-podiatric-medicine-conference-2017
#2
Georgina Gethin, Caroline McIntosh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910756/coresets-for-triangulation
#3
Qianggong Zhang, Tat-Jun Chin
Multiple-view triangulation by l∞ minimisation has become established in computer vision. State-of-the-art l∞ triangulation algorithms exploit the quasiconvexity of the cost function to derive iterative update rules that deliver the global minimum. Such algorithms, however, can be computationally costly for large problem instances that contain many image measurements, e.g., from web-based photo sharing sites or long-term video recordings. In this paper, we prove that l∞ triangulation admits a coreset approximation scheme, which seeks small representative subsets of the input data called coresets...
September 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899616/risk-factors-for-dental-problems-recommendations-for-oral-health-in-infancy
#4
REVIEW
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Primary care providers, gynaecologists and paediatricians have to be aware of the importance of oral health in infancy and possible consequences for child's development, growth, health and quality of life. Oral diseases, particularly dental caries, developmental defects of the dental tissues and periodontal or orthodontic issues have a complex and interrelated aetiology with common, primarily behavioral based risk factors. A sugar-rich diet is the key risk factor with detrimental consequences for general and oral health, particularly in combination with an insufficient oral hygiene...
September 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899305/writing-from-the-edge
#5
Nan Russell Yancey
On the 30th Anniversary of Nursing Science Quarterly, the 17-year journey of conceiving, launching, and guiding the "Teaching-Learning Column" was explored in this dialogue with Dr. Sandra Schmidt Bunkers, adjunct professor of nursing, South Dakota State University Brookings, South Dakota, founding contributing editor of the column, and Dr. Barbara Backer Condon, Professor of Nursing, Briar Cliff University, Sioux City, Iowa, contributing editor, 2012-2016. Reflecting on the shared stories, the challenge is offered to continue the tradition of the column in reading, writing, and thinking from the edge, to bravely consider what might be, daring to go beyond the confinements of mainstream thinking, and to vision as yet unimagined possibilities in teaching-learning in nursing...
January 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885532/governance-practices-in-an-era-of-healthcare-transformation-achieving-a-successful-turnaround
#6
Samuel E Sondheim, Dipesh M Patel, Nicole Chin, Kurt Barwis, Julie Werner, Alexus Barclay, Angela Mattie
This article illustrates the successful application of principles established by the American Hospital Association (AHA) to foster hospital transformations (). We examined a small community hospital's successful transition from one emergency care center (ECC) physician group to another and the methods by which significant improvements in outcomes were achieved. The foundation of this transformation included a generative governance style at the board level, a shared governance model at the employee level, a renewed sense of employee and physician engagement, and a sense of individual accountability...
September 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883537/spontaneous-approaches-of-divers-by-free-ranging-orcas-orcinus-orca-age-and-sex-differences-in-exploratory-behaviours-and-visual-laterality
#7
Stéphanie Chanvallon, Catherine Blois-Heulin, Pierre Robert de Latour, Alban Lemasson
Running comparative studies of laterality in mammals is a way to deepen our understanding of the evolution of the brain hemisphere functions. Studies on vision highlighted a possible task-sharing between hemispheres depending on the characteristics of the observers, the nature of the observed stimulus and the context of the observation, a phenomenon that could go beyond the monitoring of conspecifics. Cetaceans are predators that adapted to an aquatic habitat and display a clear crossing of fibers to the side of the brain opposite the eye of origin...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871049/industrial-hardware-and-software-verification-with-acl2
#8
Warren A Hunt, Matt Kaufmann, J Strother Moore, Anna Slobodova
The ACL2 theorem prover has seen sustained industrial use since the mid-1990s. Companies that have used ACL2 regularly include AMD, Centaur Technology, IBM, Intel, Kestrel Institute, Motorola/Freescale, Oracle and Rockwell Collins. This paper introduces ACL2 and focuses on how and why ACL2 is used in industry. ACL2 is well-suited to its industrial application to numerous software and hardware systems, because it is an integrated programming/proof environment supporting a subset of the ANSI standard Common Lisp programming language...
October 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866367/the-fop-connection-registry-design-of-an-international-patient-sponsored-registry-for-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva
#9
Neal Mantick, Eric Bachman, Genevieve Baujat, Matt Brown, Oliver Collins, Carmen De Cunto, Patricia Delai, Marelise Eekhoff, Roger Zum Felde, Donna Roy Grogan, Nobuhiko Haga, Edward Hsiao, Sharon Kantanie, Frederick Kaplan, Richard Keen, Jelena Milosevic, Rolf Morhart, Robert Pignolo, Xiaobing Qian, Maja di Rocco, Christiaan Scott, Adam Sherman, Marin Wallace, Nicky Williams, Keqin Zhang, Betsy Bogard
The Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) Connection Registry is an international, voluntary, observational study that directly captures demographic and disease information initially from patients with FOP (the patient portal) and in the near future from treating physicians (the physician portal) via a secure web-based tool. It was launched by the International FOP Association (IFOPA) with a guiding vision to develop and manage one unified, global, and coordinated Registry allowing the assembly of the most comprehensive data on FOP...
August 30, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858036/altered-regional-homogeneity-in-patients-with-late-monocular-blindness-a-resting-state-functional-mri-study
#10
Xin Huang, Cheng-Long Ye, Yu-Lin Zhong, Lei Ye, Qi-Chen Yang, Hai-Jun Li, Nan Jiang, De-Chang Peng, Yi Shao
Many previous studies have demonstrated that the blindness patients have has functional and anatomical abnormalities in the visual and other vision-related cortex. However, changes in the brain function in late monocular blindness (MB) at rest are largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the underlying regional homogeneity (ReHo) of brain-activity abnormalities in patients with late MB and their relationship with clinical features. A total of 32 patients with MB (25 male and seven female) and 32 healthy controls (HCs) (25 male and seven female) closely matched in age, sex, and education underwent resting-state functional MRI scans...
August 28, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856984/health-and-equity-in-all-policies-in-local-government-processes-and-outcomes-in-two-norwegian-municipalities
#11
Dina Von Heimburg, Berit Hakkebo
AIMS: To identify key factors in implementing Health and Equity in All Policies (HEiAP) at the local level in two Norwegian municipalities in order to accelerate the progress of promoting health, well-being and equity in other local governments. APPROACH: This case study is presented as a narrative from policy-making processes in two Norwegian municipalities. The story is told from an insider perspective, with a focus on HEiAP policy makers in these two municipalities...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851559/unsold-is-unseen-%C3%A2-or-is-it-examining-the-role-of-peripheral-vision-in-the-consumer-choice-process-using-eye-tracking-methodology
#12
Erik Wästlund, Poja Shams, Tobias Otterbring
In visual marketing, the truism that "unseen is unsold" means that products that are not noticed will not be sold. This truism rests on the idea that the consumer choice process is heavily influenced by visual search. However, given that the majority of available products are not seen by consumers, this article examines the role of peripheral vision in guiding attention during the consumer choice process. In two eye-tracking studies, one conducted in a lab facility and the other conducted in a supermarket, the authors investigate the role and limitations of peripheral vision...
August 26, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845341/building-a-national-culture-of-health-background-action-framework-measures-and-next-steps
#13
Anita Chandra, Joie Acosta, Katherine Grace Carman, Tamara Dubowitz, Laura Leviton, Laurie T Martin, Carolyn Miller, Christopher Nelson, Tracy Orleans, Margaret Tait, Matthew Trujillo, Vivian Towe, Douglas Yeung, Alonzo L Plough
Because health is a function of more than medical care, solutions to U.S. health problems must encompass more than reforms to health care systems. But those working to improve health, well-being, and equity still too often find themselves traveling on parallel paths that rarely intersect. In 2013, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) embarked on a pioneering effort to advance a Culture of Health initiative. A Culture of Health places well-being at the center of every aspect of life, with the goal of enabling everyone in our diverse society to lead healthier lives, now and for generations to come...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829266/a-bridge-back-to-the-future-public-health-ethics-bioethics-and-environmental-ethics
#14
Lisa M Lee
Contemporary biomedical ethics and environmental ethics share a common ancestry in Aldo Leopold's and Van Rensselaer Potter's initial broad visions of a connected biosphere. Over the past five decades, the two fields have become strangers. Public health ethics, a new subfield of bioethics, emerged from the belly of contemporary biomedical ethics and has evolved over the past 25 years. It has moved from its traditional concern with the tension between individual autonomy and community health to a wider focus on social justice and solidarity...
September 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818663/a-lightweight-inexpensive-robotic-system-for-insect-vision
#15
Chelsea Sabo, Robert Chisholm, Adam Petterson, Alex Cope
Designing hardware for miniaturized robotics which mimics the capabilities of flying insects is of interest, because they share similar constraints (i.e. small size, low weight, and low energy consumption). Research in this area aims to enable robots with similarly efficient flight and cognitive abilities. Visual processing is important to flying insects' impressive flight capabilities, but currently, embodiment of insect-like visual systems is limited by the hardware systems available. Suitable hardware is either prohibitively expensive, difficult to reproduce, cannot accurately simulate insect vision characteristics, and/or is too heavy for small robotic platforms...
August 31, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796143/treatment-patterns-and-2-year-vision-outcomes-with-bevacizumab-in-diabetic-macular-edema-an-analysis-from-a-large-u-s-integrated-health-care-system
#16
Donald S Fong, Tiffany Q Luong, Richard Contreras, Jennifer J Jimenez, Peter H Custis, Vaishali Patel, Joanna H Campbell
PURPOSE: To assess health care utilization and vision outcomes over 2 years in patients receiving bevacizumab treatment in clinical practice for diabetic macular edema. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed diabetic macular edema who received an intravitreal bevacizumab injection within 12 months of initial diagnosis were identified from Kaiser Permanente's 350,000 patients with diabetes mellitus treated between 2008 and 2013. Snellen best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), number of intravitreal injections, and patient characteristics were abstracted from the electronic record...
August 8, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789732/an-innovative-role-for-nursing-students-within-a-student-run-free-clinic
#17
Julie A Poore, Lesley B Milgrom, Lisa Edgington
Historically, the majority of nurses have been employed by hospitals. However, the changing landscape of health care has seen a shift to other areas of practice. Nursing graduates must be prepared to work collaboratively with a shared vision that is patientcentered and team-oriented. To better prepare students for collaborative practice, a School of Nursing developed a course for senior level nursing students that included a clinical experience within a student-run free clinic. Nursing students were able to enhance clinic services by providing health screening, patient navigation, patient education, health coaching, and patient follow-up...
August 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783634/nonnegative-decompositions-for-dynamic-visual-data-analysis
#18
Lazaros Zafeiriou, Yannis Panagakis, Maja Pantic, Stefanos Zafeiriou
The analysis of high-dimensional, possibly temporally misaligned, time-varying visual data is a fundamental task in disciplines such as image, vision, and behaviour computing. In this paper, we focus on dynamic facial behaviour analysis and in particular on the analysis of facial expressions. Distinct from the previous approaches, where sets of facial landmarks are used for face representation, raw pixel intensities are exploited for 1) unsupervised analysis of the temporal phases of facial expressions and facial action unitis (AUs) and 2) temporal alignment of a certain facial behaviour displayed by two different persons...
August 2, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780563/implementing-a-multi-modal-support-service-model-for-the-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Bamini Gopinath, Ashley Craig, Annette Kifley, Gerald Liew, Jaye Bloffwitch, Kim Van Vu, Nichole Joachim, Rob Cummins, Julie Heraghty, Timothy Broady, Alison Hayes, Paul Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness and low vision among older adults. Previous research shows a high prevalence of distress and disruption to the lifestyle of family caregivers of persons with late AMD. This supports existing evidence that caregivers are 'hidden patients' at risk of poor health outcomes. There is ample scope for improving the support available to caregivers, and further research should be undertaken into developing services that are tailored to the requirements of family caregivers of persons with AMD...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776435/designing-programmes-of-assessment-a-participatory-approach
#20
Janica Jamieson, Gemma Jenkins, Shelley Beatty, Claire Palermo
Programmatic approaches to assessment provide purposeful and meaningful assessment yet few examples of their development exist. The aim of this study was to describe the development of a programme of assessment using a participatory action research (PAR) approach. Nine work-based assessors together with three academics met on six occasions to explore the current approach to competency-based assessment in the placement component of a dietetics university course, the findings of which were used to design a programme of assessment...
August 4, 2017: Medical Teacher
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