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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541960/clinical-features-of-treated-and-untreated-type-1-idiopathic-macular-telangiectasia-without-the-occurrence-of-secondary-choroidal-neovascularization-followed-for-2-years-in-japanese-patients
#1
Rie Osaka, Chieko Shiragami, Aoi Ono, Mamoru Kobayashi, Yukari Takasago, Ayana Yamashita, Akitaka Tsujikawa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical features of Type 1 idiopathic macular telangiectasia (IMT) followed up for 2 years. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with unilateral Type 1 IMT were examined. Thirty-one IMT eyes were treated with direct laser photocoagulation and/or intravitreal bevacizumab; the remaining 18 eyes, with good vision or slight macular edema, were untreated. Changes in best-corrected visual acuity and central retinal thickness between baseline and 24 months after the initial visit were examined...
May 24, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539696/risk-factors-associated-with-falls-in-older-adults-with-dementia-a-systematic-review
#2
Eresha Fernando, Michelle Fraser, Jane Hendriksen, Corey H Kim, Susan W Muir-Hunter
Purpose: People with dementia fall more often than cognitively healthy older adults, but their risk factors are not well understood. A review is needed to determine a fall risk profile for this population. The objective was to critically evaluate the literature and identify the factors associated with fall risk in older adults with dementia. Methods: Articles published between January 1988 and October 2014 in EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched. Inclusion criteria were participants aged 55 years or older with dementia or cognitive impairment, prospective cohort design, detailed fall definition, falls as the primary outcome, and multi-variable regression analysis...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538047/auditory-processing-disorder-what-does-it-mean-and-what-can-be-done
#3
Krista Bartlett, Elissa Kelley, Julie Purdy, Martin T Stein
Julian, an 11-year-old boy in the sixth grade with a compliant disposition and a positive attitude, has had a significant decline in his academic performance over the last 2 years. He spends much of his time in the nurse's office with headaches and fatigue. He reports that he cannot concentrate or follow along in class. Vision and hearing screenings were normal.Julian's teachers report that although he has no behavior problem, he is inattentive and does not put forth the effort she feels he is capable of giving...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534271/optic-disc-granuloma-with-epididymitis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#4
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Sowkath Ali, Jyotirmay Biswas
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis and tuberculosis (TB) share epidemiological, immunological, and molecular features common to both, and often, it becomes difficult to differentiate them especially in a highly TB-endemic country like India. We report a case of optic disc granuloma along with epididymitis and infertility in a male who showed a response to treatment with anti-tuberculosis therapy and steroids. RESULTS: A 35-year-old Indian male who presented with complaints of blurring vision in the right eye for 6 months and treated elsewhere with two intravitreal injections of anti-VEGF was found to have optic disc granuloma in the right eye...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514237/oral-ketamine-in-treatment-resistant-depression-a-clinical-effectiveness-case-series
#5
Maryam I Al Shirawi, Sidney H Kennedy, Keith T Ho, Roisin Byrne, Jonathan Downar
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness, tolerability, and safety of oral ketamine as an antidepressant treatment in adults with treatment-resistant depression. METHODS: We reviewed retrospective data on 22 patients with treatment-resistant depression, who failed at least 3 adequate antidepressant treatment trials and 1 adequate trial of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation; subsequently, they received open-label treatment with oral ketamine, commenced at a dose of 50 mg every 3 days, titrated up by 25 mg every 3 days, according to response and tolerability...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509720/effects-of-rn-age-and-experience-on-transformational-leadership-practices
#6
Susan Herman, Mary Gish, Ruth Rosenblum, Michael Herman
OBJECTIVE: This study reported the evolution of transformational leadership (TL) practices and behaviors across years of age, management experience, and professional nursing practice within a professional nursing leadership organization. BACKGROUND: Recent studies of CNO TL found valuations peak near age 60 years. This study reported on a wider range of management positions, correlating years of RN practice and management experience and age to TL metrics. METHOD: This study used Kouzes and Posner's Leadership Practices Inventory-Self-Assessment (LPI-S) to survey a nursing leadership organization, the Association of California Nurse Leaders (ACNL)...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501646/developing-a-framework-for-digital-objects-in-the-big-data-to-knowledge-bd2k-commons-report-from-the-commons-framework-pilots-workshop
#7
Kathleen M Jagodnik, Simon Koplev, Sherry Jenkins, Lucila Ohno-Machado, Benedict Paten, Stephan C Schurer, Michel Dumontier, Ruben Verborgh, Alex Bui, Peipei Ping, Neil J McKenna, Ravi Madduri, Ajay Pillai, Avi Ma'ayan
The volume and diversity of data in biomedical research has been rapidly increasing in recent years. While such data hold significant promise for accelerating discovery, their use entails many challenges including: the need for adequate computational infrastructure, secure processes for data sharing and access, tools that allow researchers to find and integrate diverse datasets, and standardized methods of analysis. These are just some elements of a complex ecosystem that needs to be built to support the rapid accumulation of these data...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500008/wearable-haptic-systems-for-the-fingertip-and-the-hand-taxonomy-review-and-perspectives
#8
Claudio Pacchierotti, Stephen Sinclair, Massimiliano Solazzi, Antonio Frisoli, Vincent Hayward, Domenico Prattichizzo
In the last decade, we have witnessed a drastic change in the form factor of audio and vision technologies, from heavy and grounded machines to lightweight devices that naturally fit our bodies. However, only recently, haptic systems have started to be designed with wearability in mind. The wearability of haptic systems enables novel forms of communication, cooperation, and integration between humans and machines. Wearable haptic interfaces are capable of communicating with the human wearers during their interaction with the environment they share, in a natural and yet private way...
May 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498650/medicare-beneficiaries-high-out-of-pocket-costs-cost-burdens-by-income-and-health-status
#9
Cathy Schoen, Karen Davis, Amber Willink
ISSUE: Fifty-six million people--17 percent of the U.S. population--rely on Medicare. Yet, its benefits exclude dental, vision, hearing, and long-term services, and it contains no ceiling on out-of-pocket costs for covered services, exposing beneficiaries to high costs. GOAL: To inform discussion of possible changes to Medicare, this issue brief looks at beneficiaries’ out-of-pocket costs by income and health status. METHODS: Spending estimates based on the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey. FINDINGS AND CONCLUSION: More than one-fourth of all Medicare beneficiaries--15 million people--spend 20 percent or more of their incomes on premiums plus medical care, including cost-sharing and uncovered services...
May 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495272/pannexins-in-vision-hearing-olfaction-and-taste
#10
REVIEW
Paige Whyte-Fagundes, Ryan Siu, Cherie Brown, Georg Zoidl
In mammals, the pannexin gene family consists of three members (Panx1, 2, 3), which represent a class of integral membrane channel proteins sharing some structural features with chordate gap junction proteins, the connexins. Since their discovery in the early 21st century, pannexin expression has been detected throughout the vertebrate body including eye, ear, nose and tongue, making the investigation of the roles of this new class of channel protein in health and disease very appealing. The localization in sensory organs, coupled with unique channel properties and associations with major signaling pathways make Panx1, and its relative's, significant contributors for fundamental functions in sensory perception...
May 8, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495072/reprint-of-application-of-next-generation-sequencing-in-clinical-microbiology-and-infection-prevention
#11
Ruud H Deurenberg, Erik Bathoorn, Monika A Chlebowicz, Natacha Couto, Mithila Ferdous, Silvia García-Cobos, Anna M D Kooistra-Smid, Erwin C Raangs, Sigrid Rosema, Alida C M Veloo, Kai Zhou, Alexander W Friedrich, John W A Rossen
Current molecular diagnostics of human pathogens provide limited information that is often not sufficient for outbreak and transmission investigation. Next generation sequencing (NGS) determines the DNA sequence of a complete bacterial genome in a single sequence run, and from these data, information on resistance and virulence, as well as information for typing is obtained, useful for outbreak investigation. The obtained genome data can be further used for the development of an outbreak-specific screening test...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494624/an-overview-of-the-performance-improvement-initiatives-by-the-ministry-of-health-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#12
Mazen Hassanain
Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Health (MOH) use corporate performance improvement methodologies to develop and implement performance improvement initiatives designed to continue building on the Ministry's vision of transforming hospital operations and instituting a culture of quality and performance focused on the "patient first" principle. We evaluated the feasibility of setting up a performance improvement unit (PIU) within the MOH to apply the principles of Lean Six Sigma and to change management methodologies...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483804/towards-coherent-data-policy-for-biomedical-research-with-elsi-2-0-orchestrating-ethical-legal-and-social-strategies
#13
J Patrick Woolley
As the recent inaugural Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) 2.0 conference made clear, the effects of information communication technology (ICT) are pervasive in biomedical research. Data initiatives are arising in all corners of biomedicine. Data sharing efforts already promised to surpass even the ambitious goals of the National Human Genome Research Institute, only 5 years after publication of its 10-year vision. ELSI research was established, in part, to address challenges of open data access and data sharing...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480157/object-recognition-combining-vision-and-touch
#14
Tadeo Corradi, Peter Hall, Pejman Iravani
This paper explores ways of combining vision and touch for the purpose of object recognition. In particular, it focuses on scenarios when there are few tactile training samples (as these are usually costly to obtain) and when vision is artificially impaired. Whilst machine vision is a widely studied field, and machine touch has received some attention recently, the fusion of both modalities remains a relatively unexplored area. It has been suggested that, in the human brain, there exist shared multi-sensorial representations of objects...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469591/establishing-the-research-agenda-for-increasing-the-representation-of-women-in-engineering-and-computing
#15
REVIEW
Kathleen Buse, Catherine Hill, Kathleen Benson
While there is an extensive body of research on gender equity in engineering and computing, there have been few efforts to glean insight from a dialog among experts. To encourage collaboration and to develop a shared vision of the future research agenda, a 2 day workshop of 50 scholars who work on the topic of gender in engineering and computing was held at a rural conference center. The structure of the conference and the location allowed for time to reflect, dialog, and to craft an innovative research agenda aimed at increasing the representation of women in engineering and computing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451530/impact-of-diabetic-retinopathy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-diabetics
#16
Cyrus Alinia, Seyed-Farzad Mohammadi, Alireza Lashay, Arash Rashidian
BACKGROUND: To extract utility values of diabetic retinopathy on a perfect health and perfect vision scales for Iranians with both types diabetes. METHODS: In this investigation, 150 untreated patients with diabetic retinopathy consecutively were examined and interviewed in Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran, a tertiary referral center in the Iranian health care system. Utility values based on patients-reported outcome measures, standard gamble, time trade off and visual analogue scale approaches, were estimated...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450273/importance-performance-analysis-of-personal-health-records-in-taiwan-a-web-based-survey
#17
Hsiao-Hsien Rau, Yi-Syuan Wu, Chi-Ming Chu, Fu-Chung Wang, Min-Huei Hsu, Chi-Wen Chang, Kang-Hua Chen, Yen-Liang Lee, Senyeong Kao, Yu-Lung Chiu, Hsyien-Chia Wen, Anis Fuad, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Hung-Wen Chiu
BACKGROUND: Empowering personal health records (PHRs) provides basic human right, awareness, and intention for health promotion. As health care delivery changes toward patient-centered services, PHRs become an indispensable platform for consumers and providers. Recently, the government introduced "My health bank," a Web-based electronic medical records (EMRs) repository for consumers. However, it is not yet a PHR. To date, we do not have a platform that can let patients manage their own PHR...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448307/explaining-performance-in-health-care-how-and-when-top-management-competencies-make-the-difference
#18
Milena Vainieri, Francesca Ferrè, Giorgio Giacomelli, Sabina Nuti
BACKGROUND: One of the most distinctive management competencies is related to the ability to structure the strategic vision, develop long-term plans, and communicate them efficiently to the employees in order to empower them to enact. These managerial competencies in complex organizations are strongly related to the capacity to engage professionals as a predictor of high-performing organizations. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between top management competencies, information sharing, and organizational performance in public health care system and to look at the management role in assuring information sharing on organizational strategies to achieve professionals' engagement...
April 26, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444334/antiquity-s-missive-to-transhumanism1
#19
Susan B Levin
To reassure those concerned about wholesale discontinuity between human existence and posthumanity, transhumanists assert shared ground with antiquity on vital challenges and aspirations. Because their claims reflect key misconceptions, there is no shared vision for transhumanists to invoke. Having exposed their misuses of Prometheus, Plato, and Aristotle, I show that not only do transhumanists and antiquity crucially diverge on our relation to ideals, contrast-dependent aspiration, and worthy endeavors but that illumining this divide exposes central weaknesses in transhumanist argumentation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444036/theoretical-reflections-on-governance-in-health-regions
#20
Nilo Bretas, Helena Eri Shimizu
This article analyzes governance in health regions, through the contributions of two studies: one on a governance model and the other on duties in the management of public policies networks. The former conducted a meta-analysis of 137 case studies in the literature on collaborative governance aimed at preparing an explanatory and analytical model. Authors identified critical variables that will influence the results: a previous history of conflict or cooperation, incentives for participation, power imbalances, leadership and institutional design...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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