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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444334/antiquity-s-missive-to-transhumanism1
#1
Susan B Levin
To reassure those concerned about wholesale discontinuity between human existence and posthumanity, transhumanists assert shared ground with antiquity on vital challenges and aspirations. Because their claims reflect key misconceptions, there is no shared vision for transhumanists to invoke. Having exposed their misuses of Prometheus, Plato, and Aristotle, I show that not only do transhumanists and antiquity crucially diverge on our relation to ideals, contrast-dependent aspiration, and worthy endeavors but that illumining this divide exposes central weaknesses in transhumanist argumentation...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444036/theoretical-reflections-on-governance-in-health-regions
#2
Nilo Bretas, Helena Eri Shimizu
This article analyzes governance in health regions, through the contributions of two studies: one on a governance model and the other on duties in the management of public policies networks. The former conducted a meta-analysis of 137 case studies in the literature on collaborative governance aimed at preparing an explanatory and analytical model. Authors identified critical variables that will influence the results: a previous history of conflict or cooperation, incentives for participation, power imbalances, leadership and institutional design...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443274/the-guatemala-penn-partners-an-innovative-inter-institutional-model-for-scientific-capacity-building-healthcare-education-and-public-health
#3
Maria Alejandra Paniagua-Avila, Elizabeth Messenger, Caroline A Nelson, Erwin Calgua, Frances K Barg, Kent W Bream, Charlene Compher, Anthony J Dean, Sergio Martinez-Siekavizza, Victor Puac-Polanco, Therese S Richmond, Rudolf R Roth, Charles C Branas
Population health outcomes are directly related to robust public health programs, access to basic health services, and a well-trained health-care workforce. Effective health services need to systematically identify solutions, scientifically test these solutions, and share generated knowledge. The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Global Healthcare Workforce Alliance states that the capacity to perform research is an essential factor for well-functioning public health systems. Low- and middle-income countries have greater health-care worker shortages and lower research capacity than higher-income countries...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440840/professionals-perceptions-of-factors-affecting-implementation-and-continuation-of-a-physical-activity-promotion-programme-in-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#4
Femke Hoekstra, Florentina J Hettinga, Marjolein den Breejen, Marjo Duijf, Lucas H V van der Woude, Rienk Dekker, Cees P van der Schans
OBJECTIVE: To describe professionals' perceptions of factors that facilitate or hamper the implementation and continuation of a physical activity promotion programme in rehabilitation. DESIGN: This study used a qualitative design. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 22) were conducted with rehabilitation professionals (n = 28) involved in the implementation of a physical activity promotion programme. Two additional interviews were conducted with the programme coordinators (n = 2)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433674/montreal-accord-on-patient-reported-outcomes-use-series-paper-6-creating-national-initiatives-to-support-patient-reported-outcomes-pro-development-and-use-the-promis-example
#5
Susan J Bartlett, James Witter, David Cella, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: PRO data are beneficial to a range of stakeholders including patients, clinicians, researchers, national funding and regulatory agencies, health system administrators, and policymakers. OBJECTIVE: Because stakeholders represent diverse groups and needs, it is challenging to reach consensus on how to advance PRO development and harmonize data across settings to enable use for multiple secondary purposes. Collaborative national networks can facilitate the sharing of expertise, resources and necessary infrastructure; create development, use, and reporting standards; optimize formats to efficiently store and transfer data; and disseminate tools and information for widespread uptake...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432153/comparison-of-functional-and-anatomical-estimations-of-visual-acuity-in-two-species-of-coral-reef-fish
#6
Amira N Parker, Kerstin A Fritsches, Cait Newport, Guy Wallis, Ulrike E Siebeck
The high contrast, complex patterns typical of many reef fish serve several purposes, including providing disruptive camouflage and a basis for vision-based communication. In trying to understand the role of a specific pattern it is important to first assess the extent to which an observer can resolve the pattern, itself determined, at least in part, by the observer's visual acuity. In this study, we study the visual acuity of two species of reef fish using both anatomical and behavioural estimates. The two species in question share a common habitat but are members of different trophic levels (predator vs...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430547/enhancing-insights-into-pulmonary-vascular-disease-pvd-through-a-precision-medicine-approach-a-joint-nhlbi-cmref-workshop-report
#7
John H Newman, Stuart Rich, Steven H Abman, John H Alexander, John Barnard, Gerald J Beck, Raymond L Benza, Todd M Bull, Stephen Y Chan, Hyung J Chun, Declan Doogan, Jocelyn Dupuis, Serpil C Erzurum, Robert P Frantz, Mark Geraci, Hunter Gillies, Mark Gladwin, Michael P Gray, Anna R Hemnes, Roy S Herbst, Adrian F Hernandez, Nicholas S Hill, Evelyn M Horn, Kendall Hunter, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Roger Johns, Sanjay Kaul, Steven M Kawut, Tim Lahm, Jane A Leopold, Greg D Lewis, Stephen C Mathai, Vallerie V McLaughlin, Evangelos D Michelakis, Steven D Nathan, William Nichols, Grier Page, Marlene Rabinovitch, Jonathan Rich, Franz Rischard, Sharon Rounds, Sanjiv J Shah, Victor F Tapson, Naomi Lowy, Norman Stockbridge, Gail Weinmann, Lei Xiao
The Division of Lung Diseases of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, (NHLBI) and the Cardiovascular Medical Education and Research Fund (CMREF), held a workshop to discuss to leverage of the anticipated scientific output from the recently launched "Redefining Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) through Pulmonary Vascular Disease Phenomics" (PVDOMICS) program. PVDOMICS is a protocol driven network to analyze PH patient populations to define novel pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) phenotypes. Basic, translational and clinical investigators, patient advocacy organizations, regulatory agencies, and pharmaceutical industry experts discussed the application of precision medicine to PVD clinical trials...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398680/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Nicole L Davis, Caroline C King, Athena P Kourtis
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a DNA herpesvirus that is common worldwide. The two known main sources of primary CMV infection during pregnancy are through sexual activity and contact with young children. Primary infection occurs in approximately 1 to 4% of pregnancies, and is mostly asymptomatic in immunocompetent adults. However, primary infection may manifest as a mild mononucleosis or flu-like syndrome with persistent fever and fatigue. CMV can be transmitted from mother-to-child in utero, intrapartum, or during breastfeeding...
March 15, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396824/evolutionary-analysis-of-vision-genes-identifies-potential-drivers-of-visual-differences-between-giraffe-and-okapi
#9
Edson Ishengoma, Morris Agaba, Douglas R Cavener
BACKGROUND: The capacity of visually oriented species to perceive and respond to visual signal is integral to their evolutionary success. Giraffes are closely related to okapi, but the two species have broad range of phenotypic differences including their visual capacities. Vision studies rank giraffe's visual acuity higher than all other artiodactyls despite sharing similar vision ecological determinants with many of them. The extent to which the giraffe's unique visual capacity and its difference with okapi is reflected by changes in their vision genes is not understood...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396415/variations-in-crowding-saccadic-precision-and-spatial-localization-reveal-the-shared-topology-of-spatial-vision
#10
John A Greenwood, Martin Szinte, Bilge Sayim, Patrick Cavanagh
Visual sensitivity varies across the visual field in several characteristic ways. For example, sensitivity declines sharply in peripheral (vs. foveal) vision and is typically worse in the upper (vs. lower) visual field. These variations can affect processes ranging from acuity and crowding (the deleterious effect of clutter on object recognition) to the precision of saccadic eye movements. Here we examine whether these variations can be attributed to a common source within the visual system. We first compared the size of crowding zones with the precision of saccades using an oriented clock target and two adjacent flanker elements...
April 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382917/gisaid-global-initiative-on-sharing-all-influenza-data-from-vision-to-reality
#11
EDITORIAL
Yuelong Shu, John McCauley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380158/leadership-practices-in-hospital-nursing-a-self-of-manager-nurses
#12
Vânea Lúcia Dos Santos Silva, Silvia Helena Henriques Camelo, Mirelle Inácio Soares, Zélia Marilda Rodrigues Resck, Lucieli Dias Pedreschi Chaves, Fabiana Cristina Dos Santos, Laura Andrian Leal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of the leadership practices performed by the manager nurses of hospital institutions and their association with the variables of the socioprofessional profile. METHOD: Cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational study conducted in four hospitals in a city of the state of São Paulo. A sociodemographic questionnaire and the instrument Leadership Practices Inventory were used. Data collection and analysis were based on an exemplary Leadership Practices Model...
April 3, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376042/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-findings-in-macula-involving-cytomegalovirus-retinitis
#13
Mrinali P Gupta, Sarju Patel, Anton Orlin, Elizabeth Marlow, Ru-Ik Chee, Jennifer Nadelmann, R V Paul Chan, Donald J DʼAmico, Szilard Kiss
PURPOSE: To evaluate the microstructural features of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis by spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: Subjects were patients with macula-involving CMV retinitis with OCT imaging. The leading edge of retinitis in the macula was identified based on fundus imaging, and OCT findings were longitudinally evaluated in three areas: within the area of active retinitis, at the leading edge of retinitis, and just beyond the leading edge of retinitis...
April 3, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367716/psychometric-testing-of-the-smoking-cessation-counseling-scale-among-magnet%C3%A2-hospital-nurses
#14
Wen Liu, Meg Johantgen, Robin Newhouse
Psychometrics of the Smoking Cessation Counseling Scale, which measures adherence to evidence-based smoking cessation counseling practice, were originally estimated among rural hospital nurses. The purpose of this study was to estimate the scale's reliability, convergent validity, and factor structure among 289 nurses from 27 acute care Magnet® hospitals. The scale demonstrated acceptable estimates for internal consistency (Cronbach's α = .95, 95% CI = [0.94, 0.96]). Convergent validity was supported by the association with comfort in conducting smoking cessation counseling (coefficient = 3...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367677/community-advisory-board-members-perspectives-regarding-opportunities-and-challenges-of-research-collaboration
#15
Mary E Cramer, Stephen Lazoritz, Ken Shaffer, David Palm, Amy L Ford
This case study examines the perspectives of rural community advisory board (CAB) members regarding the opportunities and challenges of partnering with academic investigators on funded research. We used a sequential exploratory design to evaluate the phenomena. Qualitative and quantitative data from CAB members were integrated to gain better understanding. Results showed that CAB members valued professional networking and gaining new evidence-based knowledge to enhance their professional practices. They identified rurality, the academic research process, and fulfilling research roles as the most significant challenges...
March 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366503/benign-yellow-dot-maculopathy-a-new-macular-phenotype
#16
Arundhati Dev Borman, Aleksandra Rachitskaya, Martina Suzani, Robert A Sisk, Zubair M Ahmed, Graham E Holder, Valentina Cipriani, Gavin Arno, Andrew R Webster, Robert B Hufnagel, Audina Berrocal, Anthony T Moore
PURPOSE: To describe a novel macular phenotype that is associated with normal visual function. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six affected individuals from 23 unrelated families. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who had a characteristic macular phenotype. Subjects underwent a full ocular examination, electrophysiologic studies, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT), and fundus autofluorescence imaging...
March 30, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364604/elucidating-environmental-dimensions-of-neurological-disorders-and-disease-understanding-new-tools-from-federal-chemical-testing-programs
#17
Jennifer McPartland, Heather Dantzker, Christopher Portier
BACKGROUND: Federal agencies are making significant investments to advance predictive approaches to evaluate chemical hazards and risks. Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) believes that engagement with the broader scientific community is critical to building and maintaining a strong biological foundation for these approaches. OBJECTIVES: On June 18-19, 2015, EDF organized a meeting to 1) foster a conversation between federal scientists advancing predictive approaches and environmental health researchers investigating environmental exposures and neurological outcomes, and 2) explore opportunities and challenges for the use of federal chemical high-throughput in vitro screening (HTS) data in hypothesis-driven research toward, ultimately, improved data for public health decision-making...
March 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363730/what-factors-influence-uptake-of-retinal-screening-among-young-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-qualitative-study-informed-by-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#18
Amelia J Lake, Jessica L Browne, Gwyneth Rees, Jane Speight
AIMS: Young adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D, 18-39years) face increased risk of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy (DR). Retinal screening is essential to detect DR, yet screening rates for this group are low and little is known about the underlying factors influencing this important behavior. Using the theoretical domains framework (TDF) to guide data collection and analysis, we explored screening barriers and facilitator, contrasting them with a comparator group of older adults with T2D (40+ years)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363394/imagine-something-different-how-a-group-approach-to-scholarly-faculty-development-can-turn-joy-stealing-competition-into-scholarly-productivity
#19
Kathleen T Heinrich
As academic institutions across the country raise the scholarly bar for retention, promotion, and tenure, academic leaders are being asked to scholar-ready nursing faculty. With the retirement of senior scholars and too few scholar-mentors to go around, leaders often find themselves squeezed between scholarly expectations on the rise and faculty groups less than ready to meet those expectations. Today's nursing faculty present a formidable scholarly development challenge. A diverse mix of master's-prepared clinicians and recent graduates from doctor of philosophy and doctor of nursing practice programs, they come with a broad range of scholarly learning needs...
March 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358746/solitary-retinal-capillary-hemangioma-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-chorioretinal-coloboma
#20
Andres F Lasave, Pablo Deromedis
PURPOSE: To report a case showing a very rare association of chorioretinal coloboma and retinal capillary hemangioma in a previously healthy patient. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: A 21-year-old woman presented at our clinic for vision screening. She had a history of bilateral chorioretinal coloboma with amblyopia in her left eye. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 20/25 in her right eye and 20/200 in her left eye. On slit-lamp examination, iris coloboma was observed in the left eye...
March 29, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
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