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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101748/romantic-attachment-conflict-resolution-styles-and-teen-dating-violence-victimization
#1
Helena Bonache, Rosaura Gonzalez-Mendez, Barbara Krahé
Although research on dating violence has increased in the last decades, little is known about the role of romantic attachment and conflict resolution in understanding victimization by an intimate partner among adolescents. This study examined the relationships between insecure attachment styles, destructive conflict resolution strategies, self-reported and perceived in the partner, and psychological and physical victimization by a dating partner in 1298 adolescents (49% girls). Anxious attachment was related to both forms of victimization via self-reported conflict engagement and conflict engagement attributed to the partner among boys and girls...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090170/gender-s-role-in-misperceptions-of-peers-sexual-motives
#2
Rose Wesche, Graciela Espinosa-Hernández, Eva S Lefkowitz
The sexual double standard influences men's and women's sexual attitudes and behavior, leading men and women to consider distinct sexual motives, or reasons whether or not to engage in sexual intercourse (Crawford & Popp 2003; Reiss 1964). The goal of the present paper was to document how the sexual double standard shapes perceptions of peers' sexual motives. We build on past research by using open-ended questions and measuring perceptions of both same-gender and other-gender peers. The sample included 154 heterosexual college students (50% female, 49% European American, 25% Latino American, 26% African American) recruited via probability sampling...
December 2016: Sexuality & Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080085/suppression-and-expression-of-emotion-in-social-and-interpersonal-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#3
Elizabeth Chervonsky, Caroline Hunt
Emotion expression is critical for the communication of important social information, such as emotional states and behavioral intentions. However, people tend to vary in their level of emotional expression. This meta-analysis investigated the relationships between levels of emotion expression and suppression, and social and interpersonal outcomes. PsycINFO databases, as well as reference lists were searched. Forty-three papers from a total of 3,200 papers met inclusion criteria, allowing for 105 effect sizes to be calculated...
January 12, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068129/imagining-the-future-perspectives-among-youth-and-caregivers-in-the-trans-youth-family-study
#4
Sabra L Katz-Wise, Stephanie L Budge, Joe J Orovecz, Bradford Nguyen, Brett Nava-Coulter, Katharine Thomson
Future perspectives of transgender youth and their caregivers may be shaped by knowledge of discrimination and adverse mental health among transgender adults. Qualitative data from the Trans Youth Family Study were analyzed to examine how transgender and gender nonconforming (TGN) youth and their caregivers imagine the youth's future. A community-based sample of 16 families (16 TGN youth, ages 7-18 years, and 29 caregivers) was recruited from 2 regions in the United States. Participants completed in-person qualitative interviews and surveys...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056842/sex-with-sweethearts-exploring-factors-associated-with-inconsistent-condom-use-among-unmarried-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia
#5
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Chanrith Ngin, Kolab Chhim, Carinne Brody
BACKGROUND: Despite the success in promoting condom use in commercial relationships, condom use with regular, noncommercial partners remains low among key populations in Cambodia. This study explores factors associated inconsistent condom use with sweethearts among unmarried sexually active female entertainment workers (FEWs). METHODS: In 2014, the probability proportional to size sampling method was used to randomly select 204 FEWs from entertainment venues in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap for face-to-face interviews...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054802/relational-aggression-and-marital-quality-a-five-year-longitudinal-study
#6
Sarah M Coyne, David A Nelson, Jason S Carroll, Nathan J Smith, Chongming Yang, Hailey G Holmgren, Chad Johnson
Relational aggression occurs in many different contexts, including in romantic relationships. The current study examined associations between two subtypes of relational aggression (love withdrawal and social sabotage) and marital quality over a 5-year time period. Participants consisted of 311 married couples who completed a number of questionnaires on relational aggression and relationship quality once a year over a 5-year period. Results revealed that relational aggression was highly stable over time and that women used more relational aggression than men...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042228/predictions-from-early-adolescent-emotional-repair-abilities-to-functioning-in-future-relationships
#7
Elenda T Hessel, Emily L Loeb, David E Szwedo, Joseph P Allen
This study examined adolescents' ability to utilize emotional repair-to actively change negative moods to more positive moods-as a predictor of the quality of their developing peer and romantic relationships over time. Utilizing observational data and partners' reports, adolescents (N = 184), their close peers, and their romantic partners were followed from ages 15-19. Adolescents with initially stronger emotional repair abilities were rated as increasingly socially competent over time, and both displayed and experienced increasingly positive interactive behaviors with close peers over time...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031054/decreased-lymphocyte-dopamine-transporter-in-romantic-lovers
#8
Donatella Marazziti, Stefano Baroni, Gino Giannaccini, Armando Piccinni, Federico Mucci, Mario Catena-Dell'Osso, Grazia Rutigliano, Gabriele Massimetti, Liliana Dell'Osso
OBJECTIVE: The role of dopamine (DA) in romantic love is suggested by different evidence and is supported by the findings of some brain imaging studies. The DA transporter (DAT) is a key structure in regulating the concentration of the neurotransmitter in the synaptic cleft. Given the presence of DAT in blood cells, the present study aimed to explore it in resting lymphocytes of 30 healthy subjects of both sexes in the early stage of romantic love (no longer than 6 months), as compared with 30 subjects involved in a long-lasting relationship...
December 29, 2016: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029169/the-past-is-present-representations-of-parents-friends-and-romantic-partners-predict-subsequent-romantic-representations
#9
Wyndol Furman, Charlene Collibee
This study examined how representations of parent-child relationships, friendships, and past romantic relationships are related to subsequent romantic representations. Two-hundred 10th graders (100 female; Mage  = 15.87 years) from diverse neighborhoods in a Western U.S. city were administered questionnaires and were interviewed to assess avoidant and anxious representations of their relationships with parents, friends, and romantic partners. Participants then completed similar questionnaires and interviews about their romantic representations six more times over the next 7...
December 28, 2016: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004614/disrupting-intergenerational-continuity-in-harsh-parenting-self-control-and-a-supportive-partner
#10
Thomas J Schofield, Rand D Conger, Kathi J Conger
Harsh, abusive, and rejecting behavior by parents toward their children is associated with increased risk for many developmental problems for youth. Children raised by harsh parents are also more likely to treat their own children harshly. The present study addresses conditions that would break this intergenerational cycle of harsh parenting. Data come from a three-generation study of a cohort of 290 adolescents (Generation 2 [G2], 52% female) grown to adulthood and their parents (Generation 1 [G1]). During adolescence, observers rated G1 harsh parenting to G2...
December 22, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002619/social-anhedonia-and-romantic-relationship-processes
#11
Lily Assaad, Edward P Lemay
OBJECTIVE: Social anhedonia is a deficiency in the capacity to experience pleasure from social interactions. This study examined the implications of social anhedonia for romantic relationship functioning, including the association of social anhedonia with sentiments towards romantic partners that are central to relationship functioning (satisfaction, commitment, regard for the partner, and care for the partner's welfare) and analogous perceptions of the partner's sentiments. METHODS: Data were collected from 281 participants who were involved in romantic relationships...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998513/sexual-orientation-and-medical-history-among-iranian-people-with-complete-androgen-insensitivity-syndrome-and-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#12
Behzad S Khorashad, Ghasem M Roshan, Alistair G Reid, Zahra Aghili, Mehran Hiradfar, Mozhgan Afkhamizadeh, Ali Talaei, Azadeh Aarabi, Nosrat Ghaemi, Negin Taghehchian, Hedieh Saberi, Nazanin Farahi, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan
OBJECTIVE: To report sexual orientation, relationship status and medical history of Iranian people with Differences of Sex Development (DSD) who were raised female. METHODS: Our participants consisted of nineteen 46,XY individuals with Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (CAIS) and eighteen 46,XX individuals with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) who were raised as females and older than 13years. As well as their relationship status and detailed medical history, an expert psychiatrist assessed their sexual orientation by a semi-structured psychiatric interview with them and, where applicable, their parents...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997328/pathological-jealousy-an-interactive-condition
#13
Mary V Seeman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to describe the psychopathology, antecedents, and current management of pathological jealousy from an interpersonal perspective. METHOD: The Google Scholar database was searched with the following terms: delusional jealousy; morbid jealousy; paranoid jealousy; pathological jealousy; Othello syndrome; delusional disorder-jealous type; conjugal paranoia. From a total of 600 articles, 40 were selected based on their currency and pertinence to the interpersonal aspects of jealousy...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991824/symbolic-meanings-of-sex-in-relationships-developing-the-meanings-of-sexual-behavior-inventory
#14
Amanda M Shaw, Ronald D Rogge
Consistent with symbolic interactionism and motivation research, the study explored the meanings of sexual behavior in romantic relationships in a sample of 3,003 online respondents. Starting with a pool of 104 respondent-generated items, Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor analyses in separate sample halves revealed a stable set of 9 dimensions within that item pool that formed 2 higher-order factors representing positive (to share pleasure, to bond, to de-stress, to energize the relationship, to learn more about each other) and negative (to manage conflict, as an incentive, to express anger, and to control partner) meanings of sexual behavior within relationships...
December 19, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991812/self-and-partner-reported-psychopathic-traits-relations-with-couples-communication-marital-satisfaction-trajectories-and-divorce-in-a-longitudinal-sample
#15
Brandon Weiss, Justin A Lavner, Joshua D Miller
Given that psychopathy is composed in large part by an antagonistic relational approach and is associated with many troubling interpersonally relevant outcomes, its role in romantic functioning warrants greater attention. The current study used data from a community sample of 172 newlywed couples to examine spouses' psychopathic traits in relation to their partners' psychopathic traits, observed communication, 4-year marital satisfaction trajectories, and 10-year divorce rates. Spouses reporting greater levels of psychopathic traits were married to partners reporting greater levels of psychopathic traits...
December 19, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982507/cognitive-processing-in-the-aftermath-of-relationship-dissolution-associations-with-concurrent-and-prospective-distress-and-posttraumatic-growth
#16
Adriana Del Palacio-González, David A Clark, Lucia F O'Sullivan
Non-marital romantic relationship dissolution is amongst the most stressful life events experienced by young adults. Yet, some individuals experience posttraumatic growth following relationship dissolution. Little is known about the specific and differential contribution of trait-like and event-specific cognitive processing styles to each of these outcomes. A longitudinal design was employed in which trait-like (brooding and reflection) and dissolution-specific (intrusive and deliberate) cognitive processing was examined as predictors of growth (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory) and distress (Breakup Distress Scale) following a recent relationship dissolution...
December 16, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967332/the-role-of-health-care-provider-and-partner-decisional-support-in-patients-cancer-treatment-decision-making-satisfaction
#17
Angela L Palmer-Wackerly, Janice L Krieger, Nancy D Rhodes
Cancer patients rely on multiple sources of support when making treatment decisions; however, most research studies examine the influence of health care provider support while the influence of family member support is understudied. The current study fills this gap by examining the influence of health care providers and partners on decision-making satisfaction. In a cross-sectional study via an online Qualtrics panel, we surveyed cancer patients who reported that they had a spouse or romantic partner when making cancer treatment decisions (n = 479)...
January 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960606/sociodemographic-sexual-reproductive-and-relationship-characteristics-of-adolescents-having-an-abortion-in-portugal-a-homogeneous-or-a-heterogeneous-group
#18
Joana Pereira, Raquel Pires, Anabela Araújo Pedrosa, Lisa Vicente, Teresa Bombas, Maria Cristina Canavarro
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to describe the sociodemographic, sexual, reproductive and relational characteristics of adolescents having an abortion in Portugal and to explore the differences between three adolescent age groups. METHODS: We recruited a nationally representative sample of 224 adolescents (<16 years, n =  18; 16-17 years, n =  103; 18-19 years, n =  103) who had an abortion. Data were collected from 16 health care services that provide abortion...
December 14, 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940903/does-who-i-am-or-how-i-regulate-matter-consequences-of-manipulation-of-emotion-regulation-strategies
#19
Sideeka Ali, Nicole Alea
This study experimentally examined the affective and social consequences of emotion regulation in men and women from young adulthood to old age. Participants were instructed to reappraise, suppress, or given no instructions while recalling a negative memory about their romantic relationship. Participants were 191 adults in a Trinidadian lifespan sample. Engaging in suppression resulted in higher relationship satisfaction, particularly for women, whereas engaging in reappraisal reduced negative affect for middle-aged versus younger adults...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936840/social-disadvantage-and-borderline-personality-disorder-a-study-of-social-networks
#20
Joseph E Beeney, Michael N Hallquist, Allan D Clifton, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis
Examining differences in social integration, social support, and relationship characteristics in social networks may be critical for understanding the character and costs of the social difficulties experienced of borderline personality disorder (BPD). We conducted an ego-based (self-reported, individual) social network analysis of 142 participants recruited from clinical and community sources. Each participant listed the 30 most significant people (called alters) in their social network, then rated each alter in terms of amount of contact, social support, attachment strength and negative interactions...
December 12, 2016: Personality Disorders
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