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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911084/caught-in-a-bad-romance-reconsidering-the-negative-association-between-sociosexuality-and-relationship-functioning
#1
David Rodrigues, Diniz Lopes, C Veronica Smith
Sociosexuality refers to individual differences in interest and willingness to engage in sexual activity without an emotional connection. Unrestricted sociosexuality is associated with a greater likelihood of infidelity and with poorer relationship quality. However, previous research has failed to examine relationship-specific characteristics that may moderate these findings. Two studies of romantically involved adults examined whether relationship commitment and different relationship agreement types moderate the associations between unrestricted sociosexuality and infidelity...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#2
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898358/the-roles-of-testosterone-and-cortisol-in-friendship-formation
#3
Sarah Ketay, Keith M Welker, Richard B Slatcher
Although research has investigated the neuroendocrine correlates of romantic relationships, the neuroendocrine correlates of friendship formation are largely unexplored. In two conditions, participants' salivary testosterone and cortisol were measured before and after a high versus low closeness activity with another same-sex participant. In the high closeness task, participants took turns answering questions that fostered increases in self-disclosure. The low closeness task fostered low levels of self-disclosure...
November 18, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897465/predicting-young-adults-risk-for-engaging-in-prescription-drug-misuse-in-daily-life-from-individual-partner-and-relationship-factors
#4
Lauren M Papp, Chrystyna D Kouros
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence based on retrospective and global assessments has established associations between prescription drug misuse and illicit drug use, alcohol abuse, mental health problems, risky sexual behaviors, and overdose deaths. However, there is a notable absence of identified risk and protective factors for an individual's likelihood of engaging in misuse in real-world environments. METHODS: Using an experience sampling approach, we collected repeated moments of young adults' (n = 95 participants drawn from 49 romantic couples) prescription drug misuse instances in daily life, and tested multiple factors associated with the misuse...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895606/being-in-a-romantic-relationship-is-associated-with-reduced-gray-matter-density-in-striatum-and-increased-subjective-happiness
#5
Hiroaki Kawamichi, Sho K Sugawara, Yuki H Hamano, Kai Makita, Masahiro Matsunaga, Hiroki C Tanabe, Yuichi Ogino, Shigeru Saito, Norihiro Sadato
Romantic relationship, a widespread feature of human society, is one of the most influential factors in daily life. Although stimuli related to romantic love or being in a romantic relationship commonly result in enhancement of activation or functional connectivity of the reward system, including the striatum, the structure underlying romantic relationship-related regions remain unclear. Because individual experiences can alter gray matter within the adult human brain, we hypothesized that romantic relationship is associated with structural differences in the striatum related to the positive subjective experience of being in a romantic relationship...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893748/communication-with-family-and-friends-across-the-life-course
#6
Tamas David-Barrett, Janos Kertesz, Anna Rotkirch, Asim Ghosh, Kunal Bhattacharya, Daniel Monsivais, Kimmo Kaski
Each stage of the human life course is characterised by a distinctive pattern of social relations. We study how the intensity and importance of the closest social contacts vary across the life course, using a large database of mobile communication from a European country. We first determine the most likely social relationship type from these mobile phone records by relating the age and gender of the caller and recipient to the frequency, length, and direction of calls. We then show how communication patterns between parents and children, romantic partner, and friends vary across the six main stages of the adult family life course...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891044/an-investigation-of-loneliness-and-perceived-social-support-among-single-and-partnered-young-adults
#7
Katarzyna Adamczyk
This study investigated the possible differences between single individuals and individuals in nonmarital romantic relationships in the domains of emotional (romantic and family) and social loneliness, and of perceived social support from family, friends and significant others. Based on a Polish university-student sample of 315 participants (167 women and 148 men) aged 19 to 25 years (M = 21.90, SD = 2.15), single relationship status was related to greater romantic and family loneliness, and to less perceived social support from significant others and family...
2016: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886727/you-can-t-always-get-what-you-want-network-determinants-of-relationship-inactualization-in-adolescence
#8
Rachel L Behler
Despite widespread interest in the link between social and sexual networks, little research has focused on how social networks influence the progression of intimate relationships (e.g., from holding hands to sexual intercourse). I argue that social networks not only affect individuals' opportunities to meet romantic partners, but also shape the ideal and actual progressions of intimate acts within their relationships. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), I conduct an optimal matching analysis of adolescents' purported ideal versus actual relationship sequences, which are comprised of romantic and sexual events...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879587/psychological-outcomes-of-labiaplasty-a-prospective-study
#9
Gemma Sharp, Marika Tiggemann, Julie Mattiske
BACKGROUND: Although the demand for labiaplasty has increased rapidly over the past decade, little is known about the psychological outcomes of this procedure. In particular, there is a lack of prospective controlled studies to assess the effects of labiaplasty on women's psychological well-being and intimate relationship quality. Nor has research investigated whether preoperative patient characteristics predict satisfaction with surgery. METHODS: The current study used a prospective controlled design...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873536/discomfort-and-avoidance-of-touch-new-insights-on-the-emotional-deficits-of-social-anxiety
#10
Todd B Kashdan, James Doorley, Melissa C Stiksma, Matthew J Hertenstein
Physical touch is central to the emotional intimacy that separates romantic relationships from other social contexts. In this study of 256 adults (128 heterosexual couples, mean relationship length = 20.5 months), we examined whether individual differences in social anxiety influenced comfort with and avoidance of physical touch. Because of prior work on sex difference in touch use, touch comfort, and social anxiety symptoms and impairment, we explored sex-specific findings. We found evidence that women with greater social anxiety were less comfortable with touch and more avoidant of touch in same-sex friendships...
November 22, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845530/romantic-relationship-dysfunction-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-naturalistic-approach-to-trustworthiness-perception
#11
Annemarie Miano, Eric A Fertuck, Stefan Roepke, Isabel Dziobek
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) suffer greatly from their unstable interpersonal relationships. Studies on explanatory mechanisms driving social dysfunctions in patients' real-life relationships are, however, lacking. Here, we aimed to investigate one of the most central aspects of close relationships, interpersonal trust, in romantic relationships of persons with BPD. We tested the hypothesis that patients with BPD show unstable trustworthiness perception toward their partner, which we expected to be most pronounced after a relationship-threatening situation...
June 16, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845523/using-the-trauma-film-paradigm-to-explore-interpersonal-processes-after-trauma-exposure
#12
Matthew J Woodward, J Gayle Beck
OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to examine ways in which social support might influence trauma symptoms using a variation of the trauma film paradigm. METHOD: Sixty-seven undergraduate female students in romantic relationships were randomized to watch a stressful film clip depicting a sexual assault, either in the presence (PP) or absence (PA) of their romantic partner. RESULTS: Analyses showed that the PP condition experienced more intrusive memories of the film than the PA condition...
June 16, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844314/spousal-religiosity-religious-bonding-and-pornography-consumption
#13
Samuel L Perry
Religiosity and pornography use are often closely connected. Relatively few studies, however, have examined how this religion-pornography connection plays out within the context of committed romantic relationships. Moreover, virtually all studies of religion and pornography use conceptualize religiosity as a quality intrinsic to the person that typically reduces pornography viewing. Focusing on married Americans, this study shifted the focus to consider whether the religiosity of one's spouse relates to one's own pornography viewing and under what circumstances...
November 14, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844296/the-role-of-the-primary-romantic-relationship-in-hiv-care-engagement-outcomes-among-young-hiv-positive-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Judy Y Tan, Lance Pollack, Greg Rebchook, John Peterson, David Huebner, Agatha Eke, Wayne Johnson, Susan Kegeles
The primary romantic relationship plays a fundamental role in health maintenance, but little is known about its role in HIV care engagement among young Black men who have sex with men (MSM) living with HIV. We examined how HIV care engagement outcomes (i.e., having a primary healthcare provider, receiving HIV treatment, taking antiretroviral medication, and medication adherence) vary by partnership status (single vs. concordant-positive vs. discordant) in a sample of young Black MSM living with HIV. Results showed mixed findings...
November 14, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842464/attachment-anxiety-and-avoidance-as-mediators-of-the-association-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-adult-personality-dysfunction
#15
Lisa J Cohen, Firouz Ardalan, Thachell Tanis, Winter Halmi, Igor Galynker, Agnes Von Wyl, Michael P Hengartner
This paper tests the hypothesis that the association between childhood maltreatment and adult personality dysfunction is at least partially attributable to insecure attachment, that is that attachment style mediates the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adult personality dysfunction. Associations between childhood trauma, as measured by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), anxious and avoidant attachment in romantic relationships, as measured by the Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised (ECR-R), and five personality domains, as measured by the Severity Indices of Personality Problems (SIPP-118), were examined in a sample of 72 psychiatric inpatients...
November 14, 2016: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833580/a-motion-capture-study-to-measure-the-feeling-of-synchrony-in-romantic-couples-and-in-professional-musicians
#16
Delphine Preissmann, Caecilia Charbonnier, Sylvain Chagué, Jean-Philippe Antonietti, Joan Llobera, Francois Ansermet, Pierre J Magistretti
The feeling of synchrony is fundamental for most social activities and prosocial behaviors. However, little is known about the behavioral correlates of this feeling and its modulation by intergroup differences. We previously showed that the subjective feeling of synchrony in subjects involved in a mirror imitation task was modulated by objective behavioral measures, as well as contextual factors such as task difficulty and duration of the task performance. In the present study, we extended our methodology to investigate possible interindividual differences...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831728/target-informant-and-meta-perceptual-ratings-of-maladaptive-traits
#17
Matthew M Yalch, Christopher J Hopwood
Target-informant agreement about target personality traits can depend on the nature of the traits being considered, whether or not targets or informants are asked to take into account the other's point of view, and the relationship between the informant and the target. This study sought to further explore these patterns by extending existing research in 3 ways in a sample of 335 targets and 548 informants. First, unlike previous research that has focused nearly exclusively on normal range traits with potentially limited clinical relevance or personality disorder categories with questionable validity, we assessed personality using a comprehensive model of maladaptive traits...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828837/development-of-a-conceptual-framework-to-measure-the-social-impact-of-burns
#18
Molly Marino, Marina Soley-Bori, Alan M Jette, Mary D Slavin, Colleen M Ryan, Jeffrey C Schneider, Linda Resnik, Amy Acton, Flor Amaya, Melinda Rossi, Rene Soria-Saucedo, Lewis E Kazis
Measuring community reintegration following burn injury is important to assess the efficacy of therapies designed to optimize recovery. This project aims to develop and validate a conceptual framework for understanding the social impact of burn injuries in adults. The framework is critical for developing the item banks used for a computerized adaptive test. We performed a comprehensive literature review and consulted with clinical experts and burn survivors about social life areas impacted by burn injury. Focus groups with burn survivors and clinicians were conducted to inform and validate the framework...
November 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826260/romantic-love-is-associated-with-enhanced-inhibitory-control-in-an-emotional-stop-signal-task
#19
Sensen Song, Zhiling Zou, Hongwen Song, Yongming Wang, Federico d'Oleire Uquillas, Huijun Wang, Hong Chen
Purpose: This study explored whether romantic lovers differ in emotion-related inhibitory control capacity from those who are single. Methods: 88 healthy undergraduate college students participated in the study. Half were currently in love and in a romantic relationship (love group, LG), and half were single and had never been in a romantic relationship (single group, SG). Based on duration of romantic relationship (i.e., love duration), the LG were further divided into two subgroups: "early stage love" and "longer periods of love"...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816698/predicting-aggression-in-late-adolescent-romantic-relationships-a-short-term-longitudinal-study
#20
Christina N Caiozzo, Jessica Houston, John Grych
This study sought to prospectively predict aggression in the romantic relationships of 1180 college students from the United States (807 females; 373 males) over the course of two months with a set of intrapersonal risk and protective factors, including personality characteristics that rarely have been examined in this population. After accounting for prior dating aggression, perpetration of verbal aggression was predicted uniquely by aggressive attitudes, emotion regulation, and for females, narcissism. Perpetration of physical aggression was predicted by aggressive attitudes, but only at low levels of emotion regulation, and the interaction of callous-unemotional traits, emotion regulation, and gender: males with low levels of callous-unemotional traits perpetrated less physical aggression when they reported greater emotion regulation...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
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