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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323560/experiences-of-men-who-commit-to-romantic-relationships-with-younger-breast-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study
#1
Rachel A Freidus
This phenomenological study examined the experiences of men who committed to romantic relationships with women under 50, post breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Twelve men from throughout the United States, who were dating their partner for at least six months, participated in semi-structured interviews. Findings focused on initial disclosure timing, previous experience/knowledge about the cancer, reacting with acceptance despite concerns, focusing on love/connection, respecting and admiring the survivor, and the ongoing impact of cancer on the relationship...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319147/the-i-in-us-or-the-eye-on-us-regulatory-focus-commitment-and-derogation-of-an-attractive-alternative-person
#2
David Rodrigues, Diniz Lopes, Madoka Kumashiro
When individuals are highly committed to their romantic relationship, they are more likely to engage in pro-relationship maintenance mechanisms. The present research expanded on the notion that commitment redirects self-oriented goals to consider broader relational goals and examined whether commitment interacts with a promotion and prevention focus to activate derogation of attractive alternatives. Three studies used cross-sectional and experimental approaches. Study 1 showed that romantically involved individuals predominantly focused on promotion, but not prevention, reported less initial attraction to an attractive target than single individuals, especially when highly committed to their relationship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318431/the-pursuit-of-romantic-alternatives-online-social-media-friends-as-potential-romantic-alternatives
#3
Irum Saeed Abbasi, Nawal G Alghamdi
What causes some marriages to stand the test of time while others fail? Marital commitment is the key force underlying the stability, quality, and longevity of the romantic relationship. Commitment is strengthened in the presence of marital satisfaction, the absence of alternative attractions, and steady investments made in the relationship. Commitment is also a consequence of increasing dependence such that when partners are emotionally engaged with their virtual connections, their dependence on their significant other weakens resulting in low commitment...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316342/anticipated-emotions-about-unintended-pregnancy-in-relationship-context-are-latinas-really-happier
#4
Abigail R A Aiken, James Trussell
This study examined differences in women's anticipated emotional orientations towards unintended pregnancy by relationship status and race/ethnicity. Data from a prospective survey of 437 women aged 18-44 who intended no more children for at least two years were analyzed along with 27 in-depth interviews among a diverse sub-sample. Cohabiting women and women in a romantic relationship not living together were less likely to profess happiness (OR=0.42, p<.05, OR=0.25, p<.01, respectively), even when partners' intentions/feelings were controlled...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292447/talking-to-parents-about-adolescent-sexuality
#5
REVIEW
Amie M Ashcraft, Pamela J Murray
This article is intended as a resource for pediatric providers to help them guide parents in increasing the quantity and quality of their communication about sexuality. The article provides an overview of the best practices associated with parent-adolescent communication about major topics related to sexuality (eg, masturbation, contraception, romantic relationships). In additionally, the article includes concrete suggestions for parents to improve their communication with teens as well as resources for further guidance...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288405/the-association-between-well-being-and-the-comt-gene-dispositional-gratitude-and-forgiveness-as-mediators
#6
Jinting Liu, Pingyuan Gong, Xiaoxue Gao, Xiaolin Zhou
BACKROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated the contributions of genetic variants and positive psychological traits (e.g. gratitude and forgiveness) to well-being. However, little is known about how genes interact with positive traits to affect well-being. METHODS: To investigate to what extent the COMT Val158Met polymorphism modulates well-being and to what extent dispositional gratitude and forgiveness mediate the individual differences in well-being, 445 participants were recruited and required to complete a battery of questionnaires...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287845/damaged-goods-perception-of-pornography-addiction-as-a-mediator-between-religiosity-and-relationship-anxiety-surrounding-pornography-use
#7
Nathan D Leonhardt, Brian J Willoughby, Bonnie Young-Petersen
Recent research on pornography suggests that perception of addiction predicts negative outcomes above and beyond pornography use. Research has also suggested that religious individuals are more likely to perceive themselves to be addicted to pornography, regardless of how often they are actually using pornography. Using a sample of 686 unmarried adults, this study reconciles and expands on previous research by testing perceived addiction to pornography as a mediator between religiosity and relationship anxiety surrounding pornography...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287843/exploring-a-contextual-model-of-sexual-self-disclosure-and-sexual-satisfaction
#8
Randal D Brown, Daniel J Weigel
Sexual self-disclosure is a critical component of relationship and sexual satisfaction, yet little is known about the mechanisms that facilitate a person's engagement in sexual self-disclosure. Individuals (N = 265) involved in romantic relationships participated in an online study testing a contextual model of sexual self-disclosure across three contexts: relationship context, sexual self-disclosure context, and outcome of sexual self-disclosure. Results suggest that sexual satisfaction was predicted by a positive relationship context and a positive sexual self-disclosure context...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283774/in-australia-most-hiv-infections-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-are-attributable-to-sex-with-new-partners
#9
Ian Down, Jeanne Ellard, Benjamin R Bavinton, Graham Brown, Garrett Prestage
It has been estimated that the majority of global HIV infections among gay and bisexual men (GBM) can be attributed to sex within a committed relationship. In Australia, however, negotiated safety, whereby HIV-negative regular partners agree to discard condoms with each other but commit to consistent condom use with other partners, has been promoted as a key component of the HIV prevention response. We asked GBM recently diagnosed with HIV to describe their relationship to the person they believed to be the source of their infection ('source person')...
March 10, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276924/latino-men-who-have-sex-with-transgendered-women-the-influence-of-heteronormativity-homonegativity-and-transphobia-on-gender-and-sexual-scripts
#10
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Nicolette Severson, Ethan Levine, Omar Martínez
Latino men who have sex with transgender women make up an overlooked sector of the population that requires more attention than is currently given in sexuality and gender studies, particularly in regard to their non-commercial, long-term sexual and romantic relationships with transgender women. Sixty-one sexual histories were selected for this qualitative analysis from a larger study on Latino male bisexuality in the New York City metropolitan area. Findings suggest that participants' sexual and gender scripts with transgender women are strongly regulated by heteronormativity...
February 13, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276079/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effects-of-the-tackling-teenage-psychosexual-training-program-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Kirsten Visser, Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Nouchka T Tick, Frank C Verhulst, Athanasios Maras, Esther J M van der Vegt
BACKGROUND: Previous research underscores the importance of psychosexual guidance for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Such guidance is provided in the Tackling Teenage Training (TTT) program, in which adolescents with ASD receive psycho-education and practice communicative skills regarding topics related to puberty, sexuality, and intimate relationships. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of the TTT program on (a) cognitive outcomes (i.e. psychosexual knowledge, and insight in interpersonal boundaries) and (b) behavioral outcomes (i...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270332/a-daily-diary-study-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-romantic-partner-accommodation
#12
Sarah B Campbell, Keith D Renshaw, Todd B Kashdan, Timothy W Curby, Sarah P Carter
Little is known about the role of romantic partner symptom accommodation in PTSD symptom maintenance. To explore the bidirectional associations of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and romantic partner symptom accommodation over time, military servicemen (n=64) with symptoms of PTSD and their cohabiting heterosexual civilian romantic partners (n=64) completed a 2-week daily diary study. Cross-lagged, autoregressive models assessed the stability of men's PTSD symptoms and partners' accommodation, as well as the prospective associations of earlier PTSD symptoms with later accommodation and vice versa...
March 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264983/frontal-brainstem-pathways-mediating-placebo-effects-on-social-rejection
#13
Leonie Koban, Ethan Kross, Choong-Wan Woo, Luka Ruzic, Tor D Wager
Placebo treatments can strongly affect clinical outcomes, but research on how they shape other life experiences and emotional well-being is in its infancy. We used fMRI in humans to examine placebo effects on a particularly impactful life experience-social pain elicited by a recent romantic rejection. We compared these effects to placebo effects on physical (heat) pain, which are thought to depend on pathways connecting prefrontal cortex and periaqueductal gray (PAG). Placebo treatment, compared to control, reduced both social and physical pain, and increased activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) in both modalities...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262918/children-s-judgments-and-reasoning-about-same-sex-romantic-relationships
#14
Sarah Spence, Charles C Helwig, Nicole Cosentino
Children's (5-, 7- to 8-, and 10- to 11-year-olds), and adolescents' (13- to 14-year-olds) judgments and reasoning about same-sex romantic relationships were examined (N = 128). Participants' beliefs about the acceptability and legal regulation of these relationships were assessed, along with their judgments and beliefs about excluding someone because of his or her sexual orientation and the origins of same-sex attraction. Older participants evaluated same-sex romantic relationships more positively and used more references to personal choice and justice/discrimination reasoning to support their judgments...
March 6, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254475/oxytocin-and-vulnerable-romantic-relationships
#15
Nicholas M Grebe, Andreas Aarseth Kristoffersen, Trond Viggo Grøntvedt, Melissa Emery Thompson, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Steven W Gangestad
Oxytocin (OT) has been implicated in the formation and maintenance of various social relationships, including human romantic relationships. Competing models predict, alternatively, positive or negative associations between naturally-occurring OT levels and romantic relationship quality. Empirical tests of these models have been equivocal. We propose a novel hypothesis ('Identify and Invest') that frames OT as an allocator of psychological investment toward valued, vulnerable relationships, and test this proposal in two studies...
March 11, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253004/consistency-and-inconsistency-among-romantic-partners-over-time
#16
Paul W Eastwick, K Paige Harden, Jennifer A Shukusky, Taylor Anne Morgan, Samantha Joel
Theoretical perspectives on mating differentially emphasize whether (and why) romantic partner selection and maintenance processes derive from stable features of individuals (e.g., mate value, mate preferences, relationship aptitude) and their environments (e.g., social homogamy) rather than adventitious, dyad-specific, or unpredictable factors. The current article advances our understanding of this issue by assessing how people's actual romantic partners vary on constructs commonly assessed in evolutionary psychology (Study 1), sociology (Study 2), and close relationships (Study 3)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248556/psychometric-evaluation-and-cultural-correlates-of-the-mate-retention-inventory-short-form-mri-sf-in-iran
#17
Mohammad Atari, Nicole Barbaro, Todd K Shackelford, Razieh Chegeni
The current study investigated the psychometric properties of the Persian translation of the Mate Retention Inventory-Short Form (MRI-SF) in Iran. We also investigated sex differences in the use of mate retention tactics and investigated the relationships between mate retention behaviors and a number of related cultural constructs. Participants ( N = 308) ranged in age from 18 to 57 years. All participants were in a committed romantic relationship, with mean relationship length of 63.5 months ( SD = 73.8). Participants completed the Persian translation of the MRI-SF and measures of religiosity, relationship satisfaction, self-esteem, and socioeconomic status...
January 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242863/sexual-and-romantic-experiences-of-transgender-youth-before-gender-affirmative-treatment
#18
Sara L Bungener, Thomas D Steensma, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Annelou L C de Vries
OBJECTIVE: In various Western countries early medical gender-affirmative treatment has become increasingly available for transgender adolescents. Research conducted before the start of medical gender-affirming treatment has focused on psychological and social functioning, and knowledge about the sexual health of this specific young group is lacking. METHODS: Gender identity clinics referred 137 adolescents: 60 transgirls (birth-assigned boys, mean age 14.11 years, SD 2...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229463/why-don-t-you-share-your-satisfaction-with-me
#19
Zahra Shahvari, Firoozeh Raisi, Zohre Parsa Yekta, Abbas Ebadi, Reihaneh Firoozikhojastefar
BACKGROUND: Healthy spousal communication of marital and sexual expectations is one of the most important factors to improve the quality of sexual relations in marriage. OBJECTIVES: This paper has attempted to explore women's expectations of men for having pleasurable sex in a monogamous and steady sexual relationship within the context of Iran. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 20 interviews were conducted in Tehran from December 2013 to May 2014...
February 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220150/gene-environment-interplay-in-the-context-of-romantic-relationships
#20
Mark A Whisman, Susan C South
A growing body of research supports an important role for genetic factors on intimate, romantic relationships. In this article, we review research that has examined the interplay between genetic and environmental influences on romantic relationships and the associations between relationship outcomes and important individual differences related to relationships. We first elaborate on how behavioral genetic and molecular genetic methods can be used to understand the etiology of relationship outcomes. We then review empirical studies that have examined gene-environment correlations and gene-by-environment interactions in predicting romantic relationship outcomes (e...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
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