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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532296/recently-released-black-men-s-perceptions-of-the-impact-of-incarceration-on-sexual-partnering
#1
Julie C Fields, Kelly M King, Kamila A Alexander, Katherine C Smith, Susan G Sherman, Amy Knowlton
Evidence suggests that men with recent histories of incarceration are more likely to engage in high-risk sexual activity, however there is limited research exploring how having been recently released from prison might impact men's sexual risk behaviours or sexual partnering. This qualitative study explores the ways in which exposure to incarceration impacts the dynamics of sexual partnering among recently released Black men in Baltimore, USA. In-depth interviews were conducted with 19 recently released Black men between 21-45 years of age living in the city...
May 23, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521314/romantic-relationships-of-people-with-borderline-personality-a-narrative-review
#2
Sara Navarro-Gómez, Álvaro Frías, Carol Palma
BACKGROUND: Romantic relationships are one of the most interesting areas of interpersonal functioning in people with borderline personality. The aim of this narrative review was to synthesise empirical findings on this issue. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for pertinent materials published between 1980 and March 2016. Thirty articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Several longitudinal and cross-sectional studies showed that people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or BPD traits had more - but less prolonged - romantic relationships than people without BPD...
May 19, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514308/emotional-exhaustion-induced-latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-in-a-young-lady-a-care-compliant-case-report
#3
Yin-Ling Chen, Yong-Chao Qiao, Xin-Nan Song, Wei Ling, Hai-Lu Zhao, Xiao-Xi Zhang
RATIONALE: Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) refers to an autoimmune disorder characterized with detectable islets antibodies in the early diagnosis and increased autoimmune beta-cell failure progression. Notably, this kind of diabetes seems to be confused with other phenotypic diabetes. PATIENT CONCERNS: A young woman suffered an emotional exhaustion-induced LADA, showing asthenia, polydipsia, polyuria, and visible weight loss. The patient emotionally ended a 14-year romantic relationship, leading to the emotional flooding...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509583/the-influence-of-attachment-styles-on-sexual-communication-behavior
#4
Julia McNeil, Uzma S Rehman, Erin Fallis
Attachment theory is one of the major theoretical frameworks for understanding romantic relationships. Attachment styles are formed through interactions with caregivers and shape an individual's expectations of subsequent interpersonal relationships. In this study, we examined how attachment styles influence participants' ability to communicate with their partners about problems in their sexual relationship. A community sample of 81 couples engaged in two video-recorded discussions, one representing an aspect of the couple's sexual relationship where the male partner wanted change and the second representing an aspect of the sexual relationship where the female partner wanted change...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508300/the-symbolic-nature-of-trust-in-heterosexual-adolescent-romantic-relationships
#5
Jerika C Norona, Deborah P Welsh, Spencer B Olmstead, Chloe F Bliton
Trust contributes to young people's capacity for sustaining current and future successful relationships. To date, research has yet to examine the meaning of trust in early dating relationships and reasons for its deterioration. The present study focused on video-recorded conversations about trust between 34 heterosexual adolescent couples in dating relationships living in the U.S. Transcripts from these conversations were qualitatively analyzed using thematic analysis to identify adolescents' meanings of trust and reasons they provided for a lack of trust in their romantic partners...
May 15, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504520/prayer-and-forgiveness-beyond-relationship-quality-and-extension-to-marriage
#6
Frank D Fincham, Ross W May
The majority of the world population profess religious/spiritual beliefs and prayer is a form of spiritual activity common across numerous religious/spiritual belief systems. Three studies therefore examined the role of prayer in romantic relationships. Study 1 (n = 91) showed that prayer for a dating partner predicted lower aggressive tendencies and greater forgiveness of partner transgressions, independently of relationship closeness. Study 2 (n = 89 married couples) is among the first to examine the prayer-forgiveness association using dyadic data...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504323/the-systemic-interaction-of-attachment-on-psychophysiological-arousal-in-couple-conflict
#7
Nathan C Taylor, Ryan B Seedall, W David Robinson, Kay Bradford
Attachment in adult romantic relationships has long been linked to conflict styles. Psychophysiological measures have provided additional insight into this association by accessing less conscious and controlled responses to conflict. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between attachment anxiety, attachment avoidance, and the interaction between attachment styles on skin conductance responses during conflict and recovery from conflict. Using dyadic analysis of 50 heterosexual couples, we found evidence of a systemic effect of attachment, where psychophysiological arousal increased when one partner had higher levels of attachment anxiety and the other partner had higher levels of attachment avoidance...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493205/development-of-the-life-impact-burn-recovery-evaluation-libre-profile-assessing-burn-survivors-social-participation
#8
Lewis E Kazis, Molly Marino, Pengsheng Ni, Marina Soley Bori, Flor Amaya, Emily Dore, Colleen M Ryan, Jeff C Schneider, Vivian Shie, Amy Acton, Alan M Jette
PURPOSE: Measuring the impact burn injuries have on social participation is integral to understanding and improving survivors' quality of life, yet there are no existing instruments that comprehensively measure the social participation of burn survivors. This project aimed to develop the Life Impact Burn Recovery Evaluation Profile (LIBRE), a patient-reported multidimensional assessment for understanding the social participation after burn injuries. METHODS: 192 questions representing multiple social participation areas were administered to a convenience sample of 601 burn survivors...
May 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490222/inattention-and-hyperactivity-impulsivity-their-detrimental-effect-on-romantic-relationship-maintenance
#9
Laura E VanderDrift, Kevin M Antshel, Amy K Olszewski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to understand how ADHD symptoms correlate with romantic relationship maintenance and test theoretical pathways by which symptoms of ADHD lead to relationship difficulties. METHOD: This study involved two phases of data collection, which were identical except for the population. Phase 1 ( n = 172) was a nonclinical sample of romantically involved young adults. Phase 2 ( n = 39) was a clinical sample of romantically involved young adults with ADHD...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464978/romantic-relationship-quality-in-the-digital-age-a-study-with-young-adults
#10
Virginia Sánchez, Noelia Muñoz-Fernández, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
Recent studies suggest that the online and offline behaviors young people display in romantic relationships are closely related. However, the differential effects of the dimensions of couple quality in the online context have not yet been explored in depth. The aim of this study was to explore online couple quality in young-adult relationships, and its association with romantic relationship satisfaction, also looking at effects of gender, age, and length of the relationship. 431 university students currently in a romantic relationship (68...
May 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461468/variation-in-the-%C3%AE-endorphin-oxytocin-and-dopamine-receptor-genes-is-associated-with-different-dimensions-of-human-sociality
#11
Eiluned Pearce, Rafael Wlodarski, Anna Machin, Robin I M Dunbar
There is growing evidence that the number and quality of social relationships have substantial impacts on health, well-being, and longevity, and, at least in animals, on reproductive fitness. Although it is widely recognized that these outcomes are mediated by a number of neuropeptides, the roles these play remain debated. We suggest that an overemphasis on one neuropeptide (oxytocin), combined with a failure to distinguish between different social domains, has obscured the complexity involved. We use variation in 33 SNPs for the receptor genes for six well-known social neuropeptides in relation to three separate domains of sociality (social disposition, dyadic relationships, and social networks) to show that three neuropeptides (β-endorphin, oxytocin, and dopamine) play particularly important roles, with each being associated predominantly with a different social domain...
May 1, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447838/in-defense-of-commitment-the-curative-power-of-violated-expectations
#12
Sandra L Murray, Veronica M Lamarche, Sarah Gomillion, Mark D Seery, Cheryl Kondrak
A new model of commitment defense in romantic relationships is proposed. It assumes that relationships afford a central resource for affirming meaning and purpose in the world. Consequently, violating expectations about the world outside the relationship can precipitate commitment defense inside the relationship. A meta-analysis of 5 experiments, 2 follow-up correlational studies, and a longitudinal study of the transition to first parenthood supported the model. Experimentally violating conventional expectations about the world (e...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447827/interpersonal-dysfunction-in-personality-disorders-a-meta-analytic-review
#13
Sylia Wilson, Catherine B Stroud, C Emily Durbin
Personality disorders are defined in the current psychiatric diagnostic system as pervasive, inflexible, and stable patterns of thinking, feeling, behaving, and interacting with others. Questions regarding the validity and reliability of the current personality disorder diagnoses prompted a reconceptualization of personality pathology in the most recent edition of the psychiatric diagnostic manual, in an appendix of emerging models for future study. To evaluate the construct and discriminant validity of the current personality disorder diagnoses, we conducted a quantitative synthesis of the existing empirical research on associations between personality disorders and interpersonal functioning, defined using the interpersonal circumplex model (comprising orthogonal dimensions of agency and communion), as well as functioning in specific relationship domains (parent-child, family, peer, romantic)...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447814/undetected-scars-self-criticism-attachment-and-romantic-relationships-among-otherwise-well-functioning-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivors
#14
Dana Lassri, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: Studies have consistently demonstrated the negative impact of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on intimate relationships. The majority of studies have focused on revictimization in at-risk or clinical samples, with very few addressing the impact of CSA on otherwise well-functioning adults and even fewer investigating the psychological mechanisms involved. To fill this gap, this study focuses on the effect of CSA on "normative" (nonviolent) romantic relationships in otherwise well-functioning young women, and the mediating role of personality dimension self-criticism and attachment in this regard...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443037/analyzing-dyadic-sequence-data-research-questions-and-implied-statistical-models
#15
Peter Fuchs, Fridtjof W Nussbeck, Nathalie Meuwly, Guy Bodenmann
The analysis of observational data is often seen as a key approach to understanding dynamics in romantic relationships but also in dyadic systems in general. Statistical models for the analysis of dyadic observational data are not commonly known or applied. In this contribution, selected approaches to dyadic sequence data will be presented with a focus on models that can be applied when sample sizes are of medium size (N = 100 couples or less). Each of the statistical models is motivated by an underlying potential research question, the most important model results are presented and linked to the research question...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440709/the-relationship-between-attachment-style-and-placement-of-parents-in-adults-attachment-networks-over-time
#16
F S Julal, K B Carnelley, A Rowe
Using a bull's-eye hierarchical mapping technique (HMT), the present study examined placement of parents in adults' attachment networks over time. We hypothesized that attachment style would predict distance at which network members (mother, father, and romantic partner) would be placed from the core-self over time. Participants completed the HMT on two occasions, 12 months apart. Concurrently and over time, fathers were placed further from the core-self than mothers. Attachment style explained unique variance, beyond that accounted for by individual and relationship characteristics...
April 25, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439148/do-you-have-anything-to-hide-infidelity-related-behaviors-on-social-media-sites-and-marital-satisfaction
#17
Brandon T McDaniel, Michelle Drouin, Jaclyn D Cravens
Social media provides one route to behaviors that may be potentially harmful to romantic relationships, such as communicating with alternative partners, which can sometimes create relationship conflict, breakups, or divorce. Limited empirical evidence exists concerning social media infidelity-related behaviors and marital relationships. This study examined whether married/cohabiting individuals are using social media sites to engage in online infidelity-related behaviors and to what extent this related to relationship satisfaction, ambivalence, and relational attachment characteristics as reported by 338 married/cohabiting individuals from 176 families...
January 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432534/individual-differences-in-adolescents-emotional-reactivity-across-relationship-contexts
#18
Emily C Cook, Bethany L Blair, Cheryl Buehler
Understanding individual differences in adolescents' ability to regulate emotions within interpersonal relationships is paramount for healthy development. Thus, the effect of individual vulnerabilities (depressive affect, social anxiety, self-blame, and coping efficacy problems) on the transmission of emotional reactivity in response to conflict from family to peers (friends and romantic partners) was prospectively examined across six waves of data in a community-based sample of 416 adolescents (Mage Wave 1 = 11...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413906/development-and-validation-of-the-masculine-attributes-questionnaire
#19
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
The present study describes the development and validation of the Masculine Attributes Questionnaire (MAQ). The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretically and empirically grounded measure of masculine attributes for sexual health research with African American young men. Consistent with Whitehead's theory, the MAQ items were hypothesized to comprise two components representing reputation-based and respect-based attributes. The sample included 505 African American men aged 19 to 22 years ( M = 20.29, SD = 1...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412477/impact-of-major-life-events-on-breast-cancer-specific-mortality-a-case-fatality-study-on-8000-breast-cancer-patients
#20
Sanna Heikkinen, Joonas Miettinen, Eero Pukkala, Markku Koskenvuo, Nea Malila, Janne Pitkäniemi
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that long-term activation of the body's stress-response system and subsequent overexposure to stress hormones may be associated with increased morbidity. However, evidence on the impact of major life events on mortality from breast cancer (BC) remains inconclusive. The main aim of this study is to investigate whether major negatively or positively experienced life events before or after diagnosis have an effect on BC-specific mortality in women who have survived with BC for at least 2 years...
April 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
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