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Romantic relationships

Rebecca A Thomson, Nickola C Overall, Linda D Cameron, Rachel S T Low
The way emotions are expressed during relationship conflict should play an important role in facilitating conflict resolution, but the risk of rejection that conflict poses may promote expressive suppression, which could impede conflict resolution. In the current research, the authors applied a risk regulation perspective to understand when expressive suppression will occur during conflict. They predicted that (a) perceiving lower regard from the partner during conflict would predict greater expressive suppression, and (b) greater expressive suppression would undermine conflict resolution...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Annabella M Gallagher, Kimberly A Updegraff, Jenny Padilla, Susan M McHale
Sibling relational aggression is an important but understudied dimension of sibling relationships that has potential implications for adolescents' adjustment. This study examined the longitudinal associations between being the target of sibling relational aggression and adolescent adjustment (i.e., depressive symptoms, risky behavior, self-worth, and romantic competence) among younger and older siblings over a three-year period in adolescence. The moderating roles of birth order, sibling gender, and sibling dyad gender constellation also were tested...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Sarah C E Stanton, Emre Selcuk, Allison K Farrell, Richard B Slatcher, Anthony D Ong
OBJECTIVE: This study tested longitudinal associations between absolute levels of perceived partner responsiveness (PPR; how much people feel their romantic partners understand, care for, and appreciate them), daily negative affect (NA) reactivity and positive affect (PA) reactivity, and all-cause mortality in a sample of 1,208 adults over three waves of data collection spanning 20 years. We also tested whether longitudinal changes in PPR predicted mortality via affect reactivity. METHODS: Data were taken from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS)...
June 18, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Kristin M Kostick, Jean J Schensul
This paper discusses motivations for the use of MDMA among young adults in intimate relationships living in resource poor environments, where structural constraints limit potential for economic mobility and impact upon interpersonal relations. Drawing from in-depth interviews with men and women in intimate relationships with one or more partners, we report the range of motivations for MDMA use and their association with indicators of relationship quality, specifically trust and romantic exclusivity. Findings demonstrate that both men and women use MDMA primarily for the purpose of sexual enjoyment...
June 18, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Jennifer M Lorenzo, Robin A Barry, Chandra E Khalifian
Matching theories of social support suggest that receiving the amount and type of support one prefers from one's romantic partner promotes more favorable affect and higher relationship satisfaction. Individuals who feel they are provided with less support from their partner than they desire (underprovision) generally experience less positive affect, more negative affect, and tend to be less satisfied in their relationships. However, research findings are mixed with regard to whether receiving more of a particular type of support from one's partner than one desires (overprovision) is associated with more favorable affect and higher relationship satisfaction...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Semira Tagliabue, Maria Giulia Olivari, Cristina Giuliani, Emanuela Confalonieri
The aim of the study was to explore whether and how emerging adults talk about their romantic relationships with their close others, especially their parents and friends, also considering gender differences. Data were collected via eight single-sex focus groups conducted with 50 Italian emerging adults (aged 18-25), and were analyzed using thematic analysis. Two main themes emerged. The first was labeled "to seek advice", which was divided into three subthemes: "I look for different points of view," "I treasure other people's words," and "I listen and then do it my own way...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
András Láng
Parental personality is a main contributor to parenting outcomes. However, research on parental personality and parenting or coparenting behaviour is scarce. These few studies showed that disagreeableness and neuroticism are consequently related to negative parenting outcomes. Machiavellianism is an antagonistic and socially aversive personality trait. Machiavellianism has been linked to unfavourable outcomes in several different types of relationships (e.g., romantic relationships, workplace relationships)...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
Jacques van Lankveld, Nele Jacobs, Viviane Thewissen, Marieke Dewitte, Peter Verboon
The experience of emotional intimacy is assumed to play a particularly large role in maintaining sexual desire and partnered sexual activity in romantic relationships of longer duration. It is unclear whether the effect of intimacy on sexual contact between partners is direct or indirect, via its impact on sexual desire. Baumeister and Bratslavsky suggested that a certain increment in emotional intimacy causes a greater increment in sexual desire in men than in women. In the present study, we aimed to test the mediating role of sexual desire between perceived intimacy and sexual partner interaction and the gender effect as hypothesized by Baumeister and Bratslavsky...
May 2018: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
Hal S Shorey, Jason S Chaffin
As a life-span theory of personality that is supported by more than 40 years of empirical research, attachment theory and associated measures have contributed immensely to our understanding of emotion regulation, social dynamics, and behavior. Nevertheless, little attention has been given to how attachment dynamics influence relationships at work or the extent to which adult attachment patterns are mirrored in leaders' perceptions and behaviors toward their direct reports. Moreover, attachment measures that use romantic relationships as their referent might not be appropriate for use in organizational settings with executive clients...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
Katherine Panattoni, Dorthe Kirkegaard Thomsen
In this paper, we examined relationships and differences between personal and vicarious life stories, i.e., the life stories one knows of others. Personal and vicarious life stories of both members of 51 young couples (102 participants), based on McAdams' Life Story Interview (2008), were collected. We found significant positive relationships between participants' personal and vicarious life stories on agency and communion themes and redemption sequences. We also found significant positive relationships between participants' vicarious life stories about their partners and those partners' personal life stories on agency and communion, but not redemption...
June 12, 2018: Memory
Joana Coutinho, Patrícia Oliveira-Silva, Eugénia Fernandes, Oscar F Gonçalves, Diogo Correia, Kristin Perrone Mc-Govern, Wolfgang Tschacher
Previous studies about romantic relationships have shown that the reciprocal influence between partners occurs not only at the behavioral and socio-emotional levels, but also at the psychophysiological level. This reciprocal influence is expressed in a pattern of physiological synchrony between partners (i.e., coordinated dynamics of the physiological time series). The main aim of the present study was to explore the presence of a pattern of physiological synchrony in electrodermal activity (EDA) during a couple interaction task...
June 10, 2018: Family Process
Roberta Biolcati, Giacomo Mancini, Virginia Pupi, Valeria Mugheddu
Worldwide, Facebook is becoming increasingly widespread as a communication platform. Young people especially use this social networking site daily to maintain and establish relationships. Despite the Facebook expansion in the last few years and the widespread acceptance of this social network, research into Facebook Addiction (FA) is still in its infancy. Hence, the potential predictors of Facebook overuse represent an important matter for investigation. This study aimed to deepen the understanding of the relationship between personality traits, social and emotional loneliness, life satisfaction, and Facebook addiction...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Tiffany L Berzins, Jessica E LaBuda, Judith Gere
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed accuracy and bias in people's perceptions of their romantic partner's adoption of short-term (avoid conflict) and long-term (later health) motives for interpersonally regulating their health behaviours. DESIGN: A cross-sectional Web-based survey of 114 cohabiting romantic couples (N = 228 individuals) living in the United States. METHODS: Romantic partners separately completed measures of their short-term and long-term motives for self-regulation and partner regulation of health behaviours, as well as their perceptions of partner regulation of their own health behaviours...
June 7, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Cory A Crane, Nicole Umehira, Cassandra Berbary, Caroline J Easton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cyber aggression has emerged as a modern form of intimate partner violence which has yet to undergo sufficient research necessary to identify risk factors that may increase the likelihood or severity of cyber aggressive behavior toward a relationship partner. Prior research offers contradictory findings pertaining to the relationship between problematic alcohol use and cyber aggression. METHODS: We recruited 100 (40 female) adult participants through online crowdsourcing to complete a series of questionnaires assessing traditional partner violence, cyber aggression, and problematic alcohol use...
June 6, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
T J Wade, Justin Mogilski
Prior research examining mate expulsion indicates that women are more likely to expel a mate due to deficits in emotional access while men are more likely to expel a mate due to deficits in sexual access. Prior research highlights the importance of accounting for measurement limitations (e.g., the use of incremental vs. forced-choice measures) when assessing attitudes toward sexual and emotional infidelity, Sagarin et al., 2012, Wade and Brown, 2012). The present research uses conjoint analysis, a novel methodology for controlling several limitations of using continuous self-report measures in mate expulsion research...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Brian T Wymbs
OBJECTIVE: Adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have more conflictual relations with their romantic partners than adults without ADHD. This study investigated whether adults with ADHD are differentially susceptible to conflict when self-control resources are depleted. METHOD: Heterosexual adult couples (20 including at least one adult with ADHD; 12 including no adults with ADHD) were randomly assigned to have resources temporarily depleted or not...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
Erika N Carlson, Thomas F Oltmanns
People with personality disorder (PD) symptoms tend to report and have partners who report lower quality relationships with them. Using a large community sample of romantic couples, the current research tested whether the established link between PD symptoms and partner-reported relationship quality was attenuated by meta-accuracy (insight into the impression one makes) as well as whether the link between PD symptoms and self-reported relationship quality was attenuated by positivity (assuming one makes a desirable impression)...
June 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
Chelsea D Kilimnik, Ryan L Boyd, Amelia M Stanton, Cindy M Meston
Many individuals who experience nonconsensual sexual experiences (NSEs) do not identify their experiences with common sexual violence labels (e.g., sexual assault, rape, or abuse), and cognitive mechanisms of identification have yet to be examined. Identification may involve the integration of the experience into sexual self-schemas, which would have implications for sexual well-being. Women were recruited through Amazon's Mechanical Turk (N = 818) to take part in an anonymous online study of sexual experiences...
May 29, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Luke W Hyde, Rebecca Waller, Daniel S Shaw, Laura Murray, Erika E Forbes
BACKGROUND: Early adulthood is a critical period when young men involved in antisocial behavior (AB) may desist. Factors including marriage and employment have been shown to predict desistance, but little work has examined whether biological factors (e.g. neural reactivity) predict deflections from lifelong AB trajectories. METHODS: We examined the continuity of, or desistance from, AB in early adulthood using group-based trajectories of AB across adolescence in a sample of 242 men from low-income, urban families...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Jane Chang, Susan L Rosenthal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
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