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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210534/psychological-adjustment-among-young-puerto-rican-mothers-perceived-partner-support-and-the-moderating-role-of-latino-cultural-orientation
#1
Josefina M Grau, Patricia Castellanos, Erin N Smith, Petra A Duran, Stephanie Silberman, Lauren Wood
Adolescent mothers face multiple stressors and are at risk for experiencing high levels of depressive symptoms and parenting stress. This study examined the interplay of Latino cultural orientation and perceived support from romantic partners in protecting the adjustment of young, low-income, Puerto Rican mothers (N = 103; M age = 18.0 yrs; SD = 1.2) during the second year postpartum. In multivariate analyses, perceived partner support was uniquely and negatively associated with both maternal depressive symptoms and parenting stress...
2017: Journal of Latina/o Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206776/military-children-s-difficulty-with-reintegration-after-deployment-a-relational-turbulence-model-perspective
#2
Leanne K Knobloch, Lynne M Knobloch-Fedders, Jeremy B Yorgason, Aaron T Ebata, Patricia C McGlaughlin
This study drew on the relational turbulence model to investigate how the interpersonal dynamics of military couples predict parents' reports of the reintegration difficulty of military children upon homecoming after deployment. Longitudinal data were collected from 118 military couples once per month for 3 consecutive months after reunion. Military couples reported on their depressive symptoms, characteristics of their romantic relationship, and the reintegration difficulty of their oldest child. Results of dyadic growth curve models indicated that the mean levels of parents' depressive symptoms (H1), relationship uncertainty (H2), and interference from a partner (H3) were positively associated with parents' reports of military children's reintegration difficulty...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205237/coupling-processes-and-experiences-of-never-married-heterosexual-black-men-and-women-a-phenomenological-study
#3
Christiana I Awosan, Kenneth V Hardy
Over the past decades, the decline in Black marriages and the upsurge of never-married Blacks have stimulated much theoretical focus, but researchers conducted few studies on never-married heterosexual Black adults' coupling unions. Guided by an integrated framework of Africana womanism and symbolic interactionism, this qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological study used comprehensive individual interviews to explore the experiences of 26 never-married heterosexual Black men and women between the ages 25 and 35 about their attempts to cultivate and maintain intimate romantic relationships as well as their desire for marriage...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181992/women-prefer-men-who-use-metaphorical-language-when-paying-compliments-in-a-romantic-context
#4
Zhao Gao, Shan Gao, Lei Xu, Xiaoxiao Zheng, Xiaole Ma, Lizhu Luo, Keith M Kendrick
Language plays an important role in romantic attachment. However, it is unclear whether the structure and topic of language use might influence potential mate choice. We investigated 124 female students' preference for compliments paid by males incorporating either literal or metaphoric (conventional/novel) language and targeting their appearance or possessions (house) throughout their menstrual cycle. Male faces paired with novel metaphorical compliments were rated as more attractive by women than those paired with literal ones...
February 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178971/building-social-capital-to-promote-adolescent-wellbeing-a-qualitative-study-with-teens-in-a-latino-agricultural-community
#5
Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Colette Auerswald, Linda McGlone, Megan Comfort, Alexandra Minnis
BACKGROUND: Latino youth, particularly in rural settings, experience significant disparities in rates of teen pregnancy and violence. Few data are available regarding social and structural influences on Latino youth's developmental trajectories, specifically on factors that promote wellbeing and protect them from engagement in high-risk sexual and violence-related behaviors. METHODS: Forty-two youth aged 13 to 19 years old were recruited from middle schools and youth leadership programs to participate in one of eight community-based focus groups in Salinas, a predominantly Latino, urban center in California's rural central coast...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165611/psychosexual-development-and-satisfaction-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-neurotoxic-treatment-intensity-as-a-risk-indicator
#6
Vicky Lehmann, Marrit A Tuinman, Madelaine C Keim, Adrien M Winning, Randal S Olshefski, Rajinder P S Bajwa, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for impairment in psychosexual development and satisfaction among adult survivors of childhood cancer are poorly understood. The authors compared psychosexual outcomes between survivors and healthy controls, and tested whether at-risk survivors can be identified by 1) treatment neurotoxicity or 2) diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 144 young adult survivors of childhood cancer and 144 matched controls completed questionnaires regarding psychosexual development, sexual satisfaction, and satisfaction with relationship status...
February 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163800/latent-classes-of-sexual-behaviors-prevalence-predictors-and-consequences
#7
Rose Wesche, Eva S Lefkowitz, Sara A Vasilenko
Scholars of adolescent and emerging adult sexuality have recently begun to study how diverse patterns of sexual behaviors contribute to development and well-being. A person-oriented approach to studying sexual behaviors provides a nuanced understanding of sexual repertoires. The goals of this paper were to document patterns of sexual behaviors ranging from kissing to penetrative sex, and to examine how latent classes of behaviors, gender, and partner type (romantic vs. nonromantic) predict intra- and interpersonal consequences of sexual behaviors...
March 2017: Sexuality Research & Social Policy: Journal of NSRC: SR & SP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163363/female-perception-of-a-partner-s-mate-value-discrepancy-and-controlling-behaviour-in-romantic-relationships
#8
Dariusz P Danel, Agnieszka Siennicka, Kinga Glińska, Piotr Fedurek, Natalia Nowak-Szczepańska, Ewa A Jankowska, Bogusław Pawłowski, Zdzisław Lewandowski
Mate value discrepancy (MVD) between heterosexual partners is an important factor influencing relationship satisfaction which, in turn, has an effect on the quality and the stability of the relationship. Therefore, partners' involvement in mate retention behaviours, such as controlling behaviours, can be related to MVD and our study aims to determine whether such an association exists. In order to do so, we analysed female perception of MVD and their opinion regarding the intensity of controlling behaviours performed by themselves as well as their romantic partners...
2017: Acta Ethologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161937/gonadal-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#9
Ju Young Yoon, Hyeon Jin Park, Hee Young Ju, Jong Hyung Yoon, Jin Soo Chung, Sang Hyun Hwang, Dong Ock Lee, Hye Young Shim, Byung-Kiu Park
Purpose: Few studies have addressed gonadal and sexual dysfunctions in childhood cancer survivors. We evaluated the prevalence rates and risk factors for gonadal failure among adolescent/young adult childhood cancer survivors and their sexual function. Materials and Methods: Subjects were childhood cancer survivors aged 15-29 years who had completed therapy more than two years ago. Demographic and medical characteristics were obtained from the patients' medical records...
January 25, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154474/long-term-predictions-from-early-adolescent-attachment-state-of-mind-to-romantic-relationship-behaviors
#10
Joseph S Tan, Elenda T Hessel, Emily L Loeb, Megan M Schad, Joseph P Allen, Joanna M Chango
Attachment state of mind was investigated as a long-term predictor of romantic relationship competence. A secure early adolescent attachment state of mind was hypothesized to predict more constructive dyadic behaviors during conflict discussions and support seeking interactions in late adolescence and early adulthood. Utilizing multi-method data from a community sample of 184 individuals, followed from ages 14 to 21, adolescents with a secure attachment state of mind at age 14 were found to be in relationships that displayed more constructive dyadic conflict discussion behaviors and dyadic supportive behaviors at both ages 18 and 21...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147456/frequency-of-guns-in-the-households-of-high-school-seniors
#11
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Diane R Follingstad, Candace J Brancato
BACKGROUND: In 2013, President Obama lifted the federal ban on gun violence research. The current study provides one of the first reports to estimate household gun ownership as reported by youth. METHODS: In this cohort study of 3006 high school seniors from 24 schools, we examined the frequency of household guns ownership. RESULTS: About 65% reported having at least 1 gun in their household. White males were more likely to have a gun and to have more guns than other demographically characterized groups...
March 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141635/observer-influences-on-pain-an-experimental-series-examining-same-sex-and-opposite-sex-friends-strangers-and-romantic-partners
#12
Rhiannon Edwards, Christopher Eccleston, Edmund Keogh
Despite well documented sex and gender differences, little is known about the relative impact of male-female social interactions on pain. Three experiments were conducted to investigate whether the type of interpersonal relationship men and women have with an observer affects how they respond to experimental pain. Study 1 recruited friends and strangers, Study 2 examined the effects of same and opposite-sex friends, whereas Study 3 investigated the differences between opposite-sex friends and opposite-sex romantic partners...
January 10, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140776/mapping-the-social-determinants-of-substance-use-for-pregnant-involved-young-aboriginal-women
#13
Sana Z Shahram, Joan L Bottorff, Nelly D Oelke, Donna L M Kurtz, Victoria Thomas, Patricia M Spittal, And For The Cedar Project Partnership
There is a dearth of knowledge about the social determinants of substance use among young pregnant-involved Indigenous women in Canada from their perspectives. As part of life history interviews, 17 young pregnant-involved Indigenous women with experiences with substances completed a participant-generated mapping activity CIRCLES (Charting Intersectional Relationships in the Context of Life Experiences with Substances). As women created their maps, they discussed how different social determinants impacted their experiences with pregnancy and substance use...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139356/predictors-of-current-functioning-and-functional-decline-in-schizophrenia
#14
Jamie Joseph, William S Kremen, Carol E Franz, Stephen J Glatt, Joyce van de Leemput, Sharon D Chandler, Ming T Tsuang, Elizabeth W Twamley
Positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia may affect functional outcomes. However, these factors alone do not account for a large percentage of variance in outcomes. We investigated demographic, cognitive, symptom, and functional capacity predictors of current functional status in 280 outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Functional decline over the lifespan was also examined in a subset of participants. Stepwise regressions modeled predictors of current functional status and functional decline as measured by the Assessment of Lifespan Functioning Attainment (ALFA)...
January 27, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135391/managing-professional-and-nurse-patient-relationship-boundaries-in-mental-health
#15
Sharon M Valente
Caring nurse-patient relationships in mental health settings are key components in helping patients recover. These professional relationships provide a safe, trustworthy, reliable, and secure foundation for therapeutic interactions; however, nurses face challenges in setting and maintaining relationship boundaries. Although patients ask for special privileges, romantic interactions, and social media befriending, or offer expensive gifts, nurses must recognize that these boundary violations may erode trust and harm patients...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131933/do-romantic-partners-influence-each-other-s-heavy-episodic-drinking-support-for-the-partner-influence-hypothesis-in-a-three-year-longitudinal-study
#16
Sara J Bartel, Simon B Sherry, Danielle S Molnar, Aislin R Mushquash, Kenneth E Leonard, Gordon L Flett, Sherry H Stewart
BACKGROUND: Approximately one in five adults engage in heavy episodic drinking (HED), a behavior with serious health and social consequences. Environmental, intrapersonal, and interpersonal factors contribute to and perpetuate HED. Prior research supports the partner influence hypothesis where partners influence each other's HED. OBJECTIVES: We examined the partner influence hypothesis longitudinally over three years in heterosexual couples in serious romantic relationships, while exploring possible sex differences in the magnitude of partner influence...
January 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130897/intimate-partner-violence-victimization-and-romantic-relationship-distress-among-white-and-mexican-newlyweds
#17
Julia F Hammett, Emilio C Ulloa, Donna M Castañeda, Audrey Hokoda
This study examined the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and romantic relationship distress in a sample of 100 heterosexual White and Mexican American couples. Data were collected during the first and during the third year of marriage. In the overall sample, wives’ own IPV victimization was associated with wives’ increased distress and husbands’ IPV victimization was associated with wives’ decreased distress. Among Mexican Americans, wives’ IPV victimization was related to husbands’ increased distress, whereas among White Americans, wives’ IPV victimization was related to husbands’ decreased distress...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129559/close-relationship-qualities-and-maternal-peripheral-inflammation-during-pregnancy
#18
Kharah M Ross, Gregory Miller, Sameen Qadir, Lauren Keenan-Devlin, Adam K K Leigh, Ann Borders
OBJECTIVE: Close relationships are associated with pregnancy outcomes, but little is known about the mechanisms involved. This paper examines whether quality of women's close relationships, specifically with romantic partner (RP) and closest friend or family member (CF), is associated with inflammatory biomarkers during the third trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: 90 pregnant women were assessed during the second and third trimester. At both visits they completed self-reports describing the positive and negative aspects of their RP and CF relationships...
January 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128347/attention-bias-of-avoidant-individuals-to-attachment-emotion-pictures
#19
Ying Liu, Yi Ding, Luluzi Lu, Xu Chen
How attachment style affects emotion processing is tightly connected with individuals' attention bias. This experiment explored avoidant individuals' attentional engagement and attentional disengagement using a cue-target paradigm in fMRI. The experimental group consisted of 17 avoidant participants, while the control group consisted of 16 secure participants; these were identified by the Experiences in Close Relationships inventory and the Relationship Questionnaire. Each reacted to pictures of positive parent-child attachment, negative parent-child attachment, positive romantic attachment, negative romantic attachment, and neutral non-attachment...
January 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120160/the-effects-of-continuities-in-parent-and-peer-aggression-on-relational-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#20
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Paweena Sukhawathanakul, Brett Holfeld, Jeffery R Temple
Past research suggests that exposure to parent psychological control and peer relational aggression and victimization experienced during adolescence is associated with relational intimate partner violence (IPV) in young adults (ages 22 to 29). However, the effects of continuities in these concerns across young adulthood have not been assessed. Relational IPV is characterized by behaviors intended to damage partner's emotional well-being and security in a romantic relationship (e.g., threatening to break up, purposefully ignoring, or causing jealousy)...
January 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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