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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440709/the-relationship-between-attachment-style-and-placement-of-parents-in-adults-attachment-networks-over-time
#1
F S Julal, K B Carnelley, A Rowe
Using a bull's-eye hierarchical mapping technique (HMT), the present study examined placement of parents in adults' attachment networks over time. We hypothesized that attachment style would predict distance at which network members (mother, father, and romantic partner) would be placed from the core-self over time. Participants completed the HMT on two occasions, 12 months apart. Concurrently and over time, fathers were placed further from the core-self than mothers. Attachment style explained unique variance, beyond that accounted for by individual and relationship characteristics...
April 25, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439148/do-you-have-anything-to-hide-infidelity-related-behaviors-on-social-media-sites-and-marital-satisfaction
#2
Brandon T McDaniel, Michelle Drouin, Jaclyn D Cravens
Social media provides one route to behaviors that may be potentially harmful to romantic relationships, such as communicating with alternative partners, which can sometimes create relationship conflict, breakups, or divorce. Limited empirical evidence exists concerning social media infidelity-related behaviors and marital relationships. This study examined whether married/cohabiting individuals are using social media sites to engage in online infidelity-related behaviors and to what extent this related to relationship satisfaction, ambivalence, and relational attachment characteristics as reported by 338 married/cohabiting individuals from 176 families...
January 2017: Computers in Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432534/individual-differences-in-adolescents-emotional-reactivity-across-relationship-contexts
#3
Emily C Cook, Bethany L Blair, Cheryl Buehler
Understanding individual differences in adolescents' ability to regulate emotions within interpersonal relationships is paramount for healthy development. Thus, the effect of individual vulnerabilities (depressive affect, social anxiety, self-blame, and coping efficacy problems) on the transmission of emotional reactivity in response to conflict from family to peers (friends and romantic partners) was prospectively examined across six waves of data in a community-based sample of 416 adolescents (Mage Wave 1 = 11...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413906/development-and-validation-of-the-masculine-attributes-questionnaire
#4
Junhan Cho, Steven M Kogan
The present study describes the development and validation of the Masculine Attributes Questionnaire (MAQ). The purpose of this study was to develop a theoretically and empirically grounded measure of masculine attributes for sexual health research with African American young men. Consistent with Whitehead's theory, the MAQ items were hypothesized to comprise two components representing reputation-based and respect-based attributes. The sample included 505 African American men aged 19 to 22 years ( M = 20.29, SD = 1...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412477/impact-of-major-life-events-on-breast-cancer-specific-mortality-a-case-fatality-study-on-8000-breast-cancer-patients
#5
Sanna Heikkinen, Joonas Miettinen, Eero Pukkala, Markku Koskenvuo, Nea Malila, Janne Pitkäniemi
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that long-term activation of the body's stress-response system and subsequent overexposure to stress hormones may be associated with increased morbidity. However, evidence on the impact of major life events on mortality from breast cancer (BC) remains inconclusive. The main aim of this study is to investigate whether major negatively or positively experienced life events before or after diagnosis have an effect on BC-specific mortality in women who have survived with BC for at least 2 years...
April 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407150/dissociable-patterns-of-brain-activity-for-mentalizing-about-known-others-a-role-for-attachment
#6
Anne C Laurita, Cindy Hazan, R Nathan Spreng
The human brain tracks dynamic changes within the social environment, forming and updating representations of individuals in our social milieu. This mechanism of social navigation builds an increasingly complex map of persons with whom we are familiar and form attachments to guide adaptive social behaviors. We examined the neural representation of known others along a continuum of attachment using fMRI. Heterosexual adults (N = 29, 16 females), in romantic relationships for more than two years, made trait judgments for a romantic partner, parent, close friend, familiar acquaintance, and self during scanning...
April 12, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406697/how-do-we-love-romantic-love-style-in-men-is-related-to-lower-testosterone-levels
#7
J Babková Durdiaková, P Celec, I Koborová, T Sedláčková, G Minárik, D Ostatníková
Testosterone has been widely investigated in associations with many aspects of social interactions, emotions and behavior. No research has been conducted on its contribution to the variability of love styles in human. The aim of this paper was to uncover the possible relationship between not only the actual plasma testosterone levels, but also the prenatal testosterone level (expressed as 2D:4D ratio) and the sensitivity of androgen receptor and love typology in young heathy men. There are six love styles which are primary including Eros (passionate romantic love), Ludus (playful) and Storge (friendly) and secondary love consisting of Mania (obsessive), Pragma (practical realistic) and Agape (altruistic)...
April 12, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401830/childhood-abuse-and-neglect-and-insecure-attachment-states-of-mind-in-adulthood-prospective-longitudinal-evidence-from-a-high-risk-sample
#8
K Lee Raby, Madelyn H Labella, Jodi Martin, Elizabeth A Carlson, Glenn I Roisman
The present report used data from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation to investigate the factor structure and childhood abuse and/or neglect related antecedents of adults' attachment states of mind in a high-risk sample. Adult Attachment Interviews (AAIs) were collected when participants were age 26 years (N = 164) and Current Relationship Interviews (CRIs) were collected from participants (N = 116) and their romantic partners when target participants were between ages 20 and 28 years (M = 25...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397403/the-neurobiology-of-social-deficits-in-female-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-the-importance-of-oxytocin
#9
Anne Cathrine Bomann, Martin Balslev Jørgensen, Sune Bo, Marianne Nielsen, Lene Bjerring Gede, Betina Elfving, Erik Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Social deficits and emotional dysregulation have been suggested as explanations for the relational difficulties experienced by patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). The neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) is a possible neurobiological underpinning of these adversities, and this study examines possible correlations between BPD symptomatology and serum OXT. METHODS: Thirty-eight female participants (BPD group n = 18, matched control group n = 20) with a mean age of 29...
April 11, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394141/empathic-accuracy-and-relationship-satisfaction-a-meta-analytic-review
#10
Haran Sened, Michal Lavidor, Gal Lazarus, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli, William Ickes
Empathic accuracy (EA; Ickes & Hodges, 2013) is the extent to which people accurately perceive their peers' thoughts, feelings, and other inner mental states. EA has particularly interested researchers in the context of romantic couples. Reviews of the literature suggest a possible link between romantic partners' EA and their relationship satisfaction (Ickes & Simpson, 2001; Sillars & Scott, 1983). To assess the magnitude of this association and examine possible moderators, we performed a meta-analytic review of 21 studies (total N = 2,739 participants) that examined the association between EA and satisfaction...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394016/integrative-intensive-retreats-for-veteran-couples-and-families-a-pilot-study-assessing-change-in-relationship-adjustment-posttraumatic-growth-and-trauma-symptoms
#11
J Kale Monk, Lauren M Oseland, Briana S Nelson Goff, Brian G Ogolsky, Kali Summers
We assessed a brief, systemic retreat-style intervention that was developed to address concerns about the utilization of services for veterans coping with traumatic stress. A total of 76 dyads (N = 152) were assessed before and after a 4-day retreat, which included psychoeducation, group and conjoint therapeutic sessions, and recreational relaxation components. Overall, participants reported a reduction in trauma symptoms, but only support persons experienced a significant increase in posttraumatic growth from pretest to posttest...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390499/characterizing-interpersonal-difficulties-among-young-adults-who-engage-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury-using-a-daily-diary
#12
Brianna J Turner, Matthew A Wakefield, Kim L Gratz, Alexander L Chapman
Compared to people who have never engaged in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), people with a history of NSSI report multiple interpersonal problems. Theories propose that these interpersonal difficulties play a role in prompting and maintaining NSSI. The cross-sectional nature of most studies in this area limits our understanding of how day-to-day interpersonal experiences relate to the global interpersonal impairments observed among individuals with NSSI, and vice versa. This study compared young adults with (n=60) and without (n=56) recent, repeated NSSI on baseline and daily measures of interpersonal functioning during a 14-day daily diary study...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390497/social-anxiety-and-social-support-in-romantic-relationships
#13
Eliora Porter, Dianne L Chambless
Little is known about the quality of socially anxious individuals' romantic relationships. In the present study, we examine associations between social anxiety and social support in such relationships. In Study 1, we collected self-report data on social anxiety symptoms and received, provided, and perceived social support from 343 undergraduates and their romantic partners. One year later couples were contacted to determine whether they were still in this relationship. Results indicated that men's social anxiety at Time 1 predicted higher rates of breakup at Time 2...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383929/personality-strengths-in-romantic-relationships-measuring-perceptions-of-benefits-and-costs-and-their-impact-on-personal-and-relational-well-being
#14
Todd B Kashdan, Dan V Blalock, Kevin C Young, Kyla A Machell, Samuel S Monfort, Patrick E McKnight, Patty Ferssizidis
Three studies using samples of people in romantic relationships were conducted to create a new individual difference measure of partner strengths in couples. The 2 perceptions of partner strengths included (1) appreciation of their use and effectiveness and (2) recognition of costs associated with their use. Factor analyses supported 2-factors and we found that greater appreciation of partner strengths predicted greater relationship satisfaction, commitment, investment, intimacy, self-expansion, and support for goal pursuit; recognizing significant costs with partner strengths was inversely related to several outcomes...
April 6, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381923/addicted-to-love-what-is-love-addiction-and-when-should-it-be-treated
#15
Brian D Earp, Olga A Wudarczyk, Bennett Foddy, Julian Savulescu
Recent research suggests that romantic love can be literally addictive. Although the exact nature of the relationship between love and addiction has been described in inconsistent terms throughout the literature, we offer a framework that distinguishes between a narrow view and a broad view of love addiction. The narrow view counts only the most extreme, harmful forms of love or love-related behaviors as being potentially addictive in nature. The broad view, by contrast, counts even basic social attachment as being on a spectrum of addictive motivations, underwritten by similar neurochemical processes as more conventional addictions...
March 2017: Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology: PPP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380109/-i-love-you-forever-more-or-less-stability-and-change-in-adolescents-romantic-love-status-and-associations-with-mood-states
#16
Hafez Bajoghli, Vahid Farnia, Narges Joshaghani, Mohammad Haghighi, Leila Jahangard, Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Objective: Experiencing romantic love is an important part of individual development. Here, we investigated stability and change in romantic love and psychological correlates, including mood states, anxiety, and sleep, among Iranian adolescents over a period of 8 months. Method: Two hundred and one adolescents who had taken part in a previous study were contacted; 157 responded. Participants completed a questionnaire covering sociodemographic data, current state of love, and mood, including symptoms of depression, anxiety (state and trait), and hypomania...
March 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375747/-if-only-you-were-a-boy%C3%A2-friendship-and-sexual-identity-in-mireille-best-s-hymne-aux-mur%C3%A3-nes
#17
Stephanie Schechner
While much French fiction devoted to lesbians focuses on romantic relationships, Mireille Best's (1943-2005) first novel, Hymne aux Murènes (Hymn to the Moray Eels) (1986), depicts a wide variety of relationships between the lesbian protagonist, Mila, and the other young women staying in a sanatorium of sorts for the treatment of an unnamed illness. In this all-female environment, Best depicts relationships between Mila and Paule, a closeted lesbian employee of the sanatorium; between Mila and young women like Josette and Lilli, who are somewhat attracted to Mila but, for the most part, do not act on this attraction; and between very close heterosexual friends (Nicoli and Nicola)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364847/sexual-intercourse-romantic-relationship-inauthenticity-and-adolescent-mental-health
#18
Brian Soller, Dana L Haynie, Alena Kuhlemeier
Numerous studies indicate sexual intercourse, especially when it occurs early in adolescence, increases youths' risk of mental health problems. However, no research has examined whether the association between sexual intercourse and mental health varies by romantic relationship inauthenticity, or the level of incongruence between thoughts/feelings and actions within romantic relationships. Using data from a subset of romantically-involved Add Health respondents, we measured sexual involvement in romantic relationships and applied sequence analysis to reports of ideal and actual romantic relationship to measure inauthenticity within adolescent romances...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364135/sexual-closeness-discrepancies-what-they-are-and-why-they-matter-for-sexual-well-being-in-romantic-relationships
#19
David M Frost, Sara I McClelland, Miranda Dettmann
This study examined the impact of sexual closeness on sexual well-being. We developed a nuanced and multifaceted conceptualization of sexual closeness in the form of a constellation of ideal sexual closeness with a partner, actual sexual closeness, and the discrepancy between the two. Data were obtained from a diverse sample of N = 619 participants who took part in the Lives and Relationships Study: A longitudinal survey of men and women in relationships living in the U.S. and Canada. Increases in sexual closeness discrepancies over a period of 1 year predicted concomitant decreases in two indicators of sexual well-being: sexual satisfaction and orgasm frequency evaluations...
March 31, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362218/implicit-and-explicit-attitudes-toward-sex-and-romance-in-asexuals
#20
Maria Bulmer, Keise Izuma
Despite the recent surge of interest in sexuality, asexuality has remained relatively underresearched. Distinct from abstinence or chastity, asexuality refers to a lack of sexual attraction toward others. Past research suggests asexuals have negative attitudes toward sex, though no research has examined implicit attitudes. While preliminary evidence suggests that many asexuals are interested in engaging in romantic relationships, these attitudes have yet to be examined thoroughly, implicitly, or compared with a control group...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
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