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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033876/ideal-standards-acceptance-and-relationship-satisfaction-latitudes-of-differential-effects
#1
Asuman Buyukcan-Tetik, Lorne Campbell, Catrin Finkenauer, Johan C Karremans, Gesa Kappen
We examined whether the relations of consistency between ideal standards and perceptions of a current romantic partner with partner acceptance and relationship satisfaction level off, or decelerate, above a threshold. We tested our hypothesis using a 3-year longitudinal data set collected from heterosexual newlywed couples. We used two indicators of consistency: pattern correspondence (within-person correlation between ideal standards and perceived partner ratings) and mean-level match (difference between ideal standards score and perceived partner score)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033465/parental-modeling-and-deidentification-in-romantic-relationships-among-mexican-origin-youth
#2
Sally I-Chun Kuo, Lorey A Wheeler, Kimberly A Updegraff, Susan M McHale, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Norma J Perez-Brena
This study investigated youth's modeling of and de-identification from parents in romantic relationships, using two phases of data from adolescent siblings, mothers, and fathers in 246 Mexican-origin families. Each parent reported his/her marital satisfaction and conflict, and youth reported on parent-adolescent warmth and conflict at Time 1. Youth's reports of modeling of and de-identification from their mothers and fathers and three romantic relationship outcomes were assessed at Time 2. Findings revealed that higher parental marital satisfaction, lower marital conflict, and higher warmth and lower conflict in parent-adolescent relationships were associated with more modeling and less de-identification from parents...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989559/breakup-related-appraisals-and-the-psychological-well-being-of-young-adult-gay-and-bisexual-men
#3
Peter Ceglarek, Lynae Darbes, Rob Stephenson, Jose Bauermeister
Participation in romantic relationships during adolescence and young adulthood provides opportunities to explore one's sexuality, yet may also cause distress once these relationships dissolve. Although researchers have asserted that participation in same-sex relationships may be beneficial for young gay and bisexual men's (YGBM) psychosocial well-being, less is known about YGBM appraisals of breakups after participating in same-sex relationships. We examined the association between self-reported psychological well-being (e...
2017: Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988437/the-impact-of-blamer-softening-on-romantic-attachment-in-emotionally-focused-couples-therapy
#4
Melissa Burgess Moser, Susan M Johnson, Tracy L Dalgleish, Stephanie A Wiebe, Giorgio A Tasca
Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT; Johnson, ) treats relationship distress by targeting couples' relationship-specific attachment insecurity. In this study, we used hierarchical linear modeling (Singer & Willett, ) to examine intercept and slope discontinuities in softened couples' trajectories of change in relationship satisfaction and relationship-specific attachment over the course of therapy from a total sample of 32 couples. Softened couples (n = 16) reported a significant increase in relationship satisfaction and a significant decrease in attachment avoidance at the softening session...
October 8, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985150/nonlinear-associations-between-co-rumination-and-both-social-support-and-depression-symptoms
#5
Alyssa M Ames-Sikora, Meghan Rose Donohue, Erin C Tully
Co-ruminating about one's problems appears to involve both beneficial self-disclosure and harmful rumination, suggesting that moderate levels may be the most adaptive. This study used nonlinear regression to determine whether moderate levels of self-reported co-rumination in relationships with a sibling, parent, friend, and romantic partner are linked to the highest levels of self-perceived social support and lowest levels of self-reported depression symptoms in 175 emerging adults (77% female; M = 19.66 years)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982311/-wtf-is-prep-attitudes-towards-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-new-york-city
#6
Matthew Thomann, Ashley Grosso, Richard Zapata, Mary Ann Chiasson
In the USA, gay and other men who have sex with men and transgender women are disproportionately affected by HIV. Uptake of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), anti-retroviral therapy to prevent HIV-negative individuals from seroconverting if exposed to HIV, by members of this population remains low, particularly among African-Americans. We conducted two focus groups to assess responses to an online social media campaign focusing on PrEP use in New York City. We designed, produced and disseminated the campaign to address knowledge of PrEP; its physical and psychological side effects; and psychosocial barriers related to PrEP adherence and sex shaming...
October 6, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977133/association-between-perceived-stress-in-adolescence-body-weight-and-romantic-relationships
#7
André de Araújo Pinto, Gaia Salvador Claumann, Pâmella de Medeiros, Rita Maria Dos Santos Puga Barbosa, Marcus Vinicius Nahas, Andreia Pelegrini
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between perceived stress in adolescence, body weight and romantic relationships. METHODS: Participants were 2,571 adolescents (56.1% female), with mean age of 16.6±1.2 years, who were students of public schools in Amazonas. The adolescents answered a questionnaire with sociodemographic questions (sex, age group, school year, study shift, maternal schooling and family income) and related to body weight dissatisfaction, romantic relationships (identified by the relationship status - with or without a partner) and perceived stress (dependent variable)...
September 21, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968183/oxytocin-and-social-bonds-the-role-of-oxytocin-in-perceptions-of-romantic-partners-bonding-behavior
#8
Sara B Algoe, Laura E Kurtz, Karen Grewen
In this research, we tested hypotheses about the role of oxytocin in adult human bonding. Inspired by revisiting the research on pair bonding in microtine voles that fueled psychologists' interest in the role of oxytocin in social life, we drew on recent theory from affective and relationship science to identify a well-defined bonding context for human romantic relationships. We then paired these behaviors and subjective psychological responses with a measure of naturally circulating oxytocin. In 129 romantically involved adults whose partner expressed gratitude to them in the lab, greater oxytocin over the prior 24 hr was associated with greater perceptions of the expresser's responsiveness and gratitude, as well as greater experienced love, but not general affective reward...
September 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965653/alcohol-use-disorders-and-suicide-results-from-a-psychological-autopsy-study-in-australia
#9
Kairi Kõlves, Brian M Draper, John Snowdon, Diego De Leo
INTRODUCTION: People who die by suicide have a higher risk of an alcohol-use disorder (AUD) at the time of death. The present study aims to compare 1) suicide cases with and without AUD, and 2) suicide and sudden-death controls with AUD. METHODS: The psychological autopsy method was utilized to investigate suicide and sudden death in Australia (QLD and NSW). Initial information was gathered from coroners' offices. Potential informants were approached and semi-structured interviews were conducted...
November 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959920/similarities-and-differences-regarding-changes-in-attachment-preferences-and-attachment-styles-in-relation-to-romantic-relationship-length-longitudinal-and-concurrent-analyses
#10
Tomotaka Umemura, Lenka Lacinová, Kristína Kotrčová, R Chris Fraley
This study examines whether attachment preferences and attachment styles with different figures (mother, father, romantic partner, and friends) change over the course of a romantic relationship. Study 1 employed a three-wave longitudinal sample of Czech young adults who were currently in a romantic relationship (N = 870; mean age = 21.57; SD = 1.51; 81% females). Multilevel modeling analyses revealed that, as romantic relationships progressed, attachment preferences for romantic partners increased and preferences for friends decreased...
September 29, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951134/implications-of-pubertal-timing-for-romantic-relationship-quality-among-heterosexual-and-sexual-minority-young-adults
#11
Bianka M Reese, Sarah L Trinh, Carolyn T Halpern
PURPOSE: Relative to on-time or late-maturing peers, girls who begin puberty early typically begin romantic and sexual experiences earlier; however, advanced pubertal status does not necessarily coincide with commensurate interpersonal skills necessary for healthy romantic relationships. Research is limited on the long-term implications of early puberty for relationship quality, and virtually nothing is known about the social implications of early timing for sexual minority females. METHODS: Using linear regression, we examine longitudinal associations between two measures of girls' pubertal timing (self-perceived timing and menarcheal age) and romantic relationship quality in young adulthood, stratified by sexual orientation, among 5,568 females in waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943670/african-american-girls-ideal-dating-relationship-now-and-in-the-future
#12
Katrina J Debnam, Donna E Howard, Mary A Garza, Kerry M Green
Adolescence is a particularly important and challenging time for developing long lasting romantic relationship patterns. However, limited empirical research has explored teen perceptions of ideal partner characteristics during adolescence or their significance to the quality of current and future relationships. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 33 African American high school girls to shed light on the qualities desired in their dating relationships and relational factors that influence teen dating behaviors...
2017: Youth & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938226/does-body-talk-improve-body-satisfaction-among-same-sex-couples
#13
Charlotte H Markey, Meghan M Gillen, Kristin J August, Patrick M Markey, Christopher S Nave
Research suggests the important role of romantic partners in shaping how individuals feel about their bodies (e.g., Markey & Markey, 2013, 2014), but the processes that result in changes in body satisfaction within relationships have rarely been examined. To investigate how partners may potentially affect body image, 72 lesbian couples and 72 gay male couples (total N=288) completed body image assessments on their own and with the help of their partners. Multilevel modeling revealed that both men and women reported an improvement in body satisfaction after talking with their partners while completing the body image assessment together...
September 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933889/codevelopment-of-well-being-and-self-esteem-in-romantic-partners-disentangling-the-effects-of-mutual-influence-and-shared-environment
#14
Ulrich Orth, Ruth Yasemin Erol, Thomas Ledermann, Alexander Grob
Common sense suggests that romantic partners tend to be interdependent in their well-being and self-esteem. The authors tested the degree to which codevelopment in romantic partners (i.e., development in similar directions) is due to mutual influence between partners or due to the effects of shared environment, using longitudinal data from 5 samples of couples (N = 4,116 participants). The samples included dating, cohabiting, and married couples, with a broad age range covering young adulthood to old age. The authors used a longitudinal version of the actor-partner interdependence model and examined measures of well-being (life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, and depression) and self-esteem...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921999/predictive-validity-and-adjustment-of-ideal-partner-preferences-across-the-transition-into-romantic-relationships
#15
Tanja M Gerlach, Ruben C Arslan, Thomas Schultze, Selina K Reinhard, Lars Penke
Although empirical research has investigated what we ideally seek in a romantic partner for decades, the crucial question of whether ideal partner preferences actually guide our mating decisions in real life has remained largely unanswered. One reason for this is the lack of designs that assess individuals' ideal partner preferences before entering a relationship and then follow up on them over an extended period. In the Göttingen Mate Choice Study (GMCS), a preregistered, large-scale online study, we used such a naturalistic prospective design...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915992/-boys-should-have-the-courage-to-ask-a-girl-out-gender-norms-in-early-adolescent-romantic-relationships
#16
Sara De Meyer, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Juliet McEachran, Elisa Chilet-Rosell, Caroline W Kabiru, Beatrice Maina, Elena M Jerves, Candace Currie, Kristien Michielsen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore how gender norms emerge in romantic relationships among early adolescents (EAs) living in five poor urban areas. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study. The current research analyzed data from interviews with 30 EAs (aged 11-13 years) living in five poor urban sites: Baltimore, Cuenca, Edinburgh, Ghent, and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed in English using Atlas...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905165/interpersonal-relationships-as-protective-and-risk-factors-for-psychopathy-a-follow-up-study-in-adolescent-offenders
#17
Heidi Backman, Taina Laajasalo, Markus Jokela, Eeva T Aronen
Friendships and romantic relationships may function as protective and risk factors for psychopathic traits. To better understand potential causal associations, we investigated whether within-individual changes in relationship characteristics were related to changes in psychopathic traits over time. Data were derived from ten repeated measurements of the Pathways to Desistance longitudinal study of 1354 offending adolescents (14.3% female; 40.1% Black). Analyses were adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, self-reported offending and living facilities...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904597/machiavellianism-relationship-satisfaction-and-romantic-relationship-quality
#18
Gayle Brewer, Loren Abell
Machiavellianism is characterised by a manipulative interpersonal style, willingness to exploit others, and a preference for emotionally detached relationships. The present studies investigate the extent to which Machiavellianism influences relationship satisfaction and romantic relationship quality. In Study 1, 194 heterosexual partnered women completed Machiavellianism and Relationship Satisfaction measures. Women with higher levels of Machiavellianism reported lower levels of relationship satisfaction. In Study 2, 132 heterosexual partnered women completed Machiavellianism, Trust, Commitment, Control, and Emotional Abuse scales...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903707/putting-yourself-on-the-line-self-esteem-and-expressing-affection-in-romantic-relationships
#19
Anna Luerssen, Gugan Jote Jhita, Ozlem Ayduk
Although expressing affection is an important way to connect to a romantic partner, it also involves putting yourself on the line-revealing dependence on your partner. Extending the risk-regulation model, we hypothesized that individuals with lower self-esteem (SE), who are concerned about vulnerability in relationships, experience less rewarding reactions to expressing affection, and believe that their partners respond less positively to receiving affection. We assessed these predictions across two studies that measured retrospective reports, reactions to an in vivo exchange and responses in daily life...
July 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895158/effect-of-identity-fusion-on-decision-to-make-extreme-sacrifices-in-romantic-relationships-the%C3%A2-moderating-role-of-impulsiveness
#20
Minjoo Joo, Sun W Park
The present research investigated the roles of identity fusion and impulsiveness in extreme sacrifices for romantic partners. After completing questionnaires assessing identity fusion, inclusion of other in the self, passionate love, and communal orientation, participants responded to the trolley dilemma in which they could save their partner by sacrificing themselves. Participants in the time-pressure condition were given eight-seconds to respond to the dilemma; the other group had no time constraints. Identity fusion was the only variable that significantly predicted ultimate sacrifice...
September 12, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
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