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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550676/-estimated-of-esophageal-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-china-2013
#1
Y T He, D J Li, D Liang, J Jin, D G Wen, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: The National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR) collected esophageal data of local cancer registries in 2013 to estimate the incidence and mortality in China. Methods: Data submitted from 347 registries were evaluated and 255 registries' data are qualified by NCCR. Data of incidence and mortality were stratified with areas (urban/rural), gender and age group. Chinese population census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized incidence/mortality. Results: All of 255 cancer registries covered a total of 226 494 490 population (111 595 772 in urban areas and 114 898 718 in rural areas)...
April 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550648/pregnancy-outcome-in-more-than-5000-births-to-women-with-viral-hepatitis-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-sweden
#2
Knut Stokkeland, Jonas Filip Ludvigsson, Rolf Hultcrantz, Anders Ekbom, Jonas Höijer, Matteo Bottai, Olof Stephansson
Previous studies have shown inconsistent results with respect to hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and pregnancy outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate pregnancy outcome in women with HBV or HCV. In a nationwide cohort of births between 2001 and 2011 we investigated the risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes in 2990 births to women with HBV and 2056 births to women with HCV using data from Swedish healthcare registries. Births to women without HBV (n = 1090 979), and births without HCV (n = 1091 913) served as population controls...
May 26, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550519/drug-abuse-associated-mortality-across-the-lifespan-a-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-analysis
#3
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist
PURPOSE: Nationwide data have been lacking on drug abuse (DA)-associated mortality. We do not know the degree to which this excess mortality results from the characteristics of drug-abusing individuals or from the effects of DA itself. METHOD: DA was assessed from medical, criminal, and prescribed drug registries. Relative pairs discordant for DA were obtained from the Multi-Generation and Twin Registers. Mortality was obtained from the Swedish Mortality registry...
May 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550441/dyadic-interdependence-of-psychosocial-outcomes-among-haematological-cancer-survivors-and-their-support-persons
#4
Christine Paul, Alix Hall, Christopher Oldmeadow, Marita Lynagh, Sharon Campbell, Ken Bradstock, Anna Williamson, Mariko Carey, Rob Sanson-Fisher
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the dyadic relationships between unmet need, depression, and anxiety in people diagnosed with haematological cancer and their support persons. METHODS: Adult survivors (18 years+) who had been diagnosed with a haematological cancer were recruited to a cross-sectional mailed survey via five state cancer registries in Australia. Participating survivors invited a support person to also complete a survey. Structural equation modelling was used to explore the relationships among survivor and support person self-reported depression, anxiety, and unmet needs...
May 26, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550260/living-alone-with-alzheimer-s-disease-data-from-svedem-the-swedish-dementia-registry
#5
Pavla Cermakova, Maja Nelson, Juraj Secnik, Sara Garcia-Ptacek, Kristina Johnell, Johan Fastbom, Lena Kilander, Bengt Winblad, Maria Eriksdotter, Dorota Religa
BACKGROUND: Many people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) live alone in their own homes. There is a lack of knowledge about whether these individuals receive the same quality of diagnostics and treatment for AD as patients who are cohabiting. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the diagnostic work-up and treatment of community-dwelling AD patients who live alone. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional cohort study based on data from the Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550068/age-specific-trends-of-atrial-fibrillation-related-ischaemic-stroke-and-transient-ischaemic-attack-anticoagulant-use-and-risk-factor-profile-in-chinese-population-a-15-year-study
#6
Yannie Soo, Nathan Chan, Kam Tat Leung, Xiang-Yan Chen, Vincent Mok, Lawrence Wong, Thomas Leung
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) is increasing globally, and the fivefold increase in stroke risk constitutes significant healthcare burden. AIMS: We aim to evaluate the trends of AF-related stroke and transient ischaemic attack (AF-stroke/TIA), prior anticoagulant use and their risk factors in different age groups in Chinese population. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the stroke registry at Prince of Wales Hospital. We compared the data at 5-year intervals over a 15-year period (years 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014)...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549662/simplified-diagnostic-management-of-suspected-pulmonary-embolism-the-years-study-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#7
Tom van der Hulle, Whitney Y Cheung, Stephanie Kooij, Ludo F M Beenen, Thomas van Bemmel, Josien van Es, Laura M Faber, Germa M Hazelaar, Christian Heringhaus, Herman Hofstee, Marcel M C Hovens, Karin A H Kaasjager, Rick C J van Klink, Marieke J H A Kruip, Rinske F Loeffen, Albert T A Mairuhu, Saskia Middeldorp, Mathilde Nijkeuter, Liselotte M van der Pol, Suzanne Schol-Gelok, Marije Ten Wolde, Frederikus A Klok, Menno V Huisman
BACKGROUND: Validated diagnostic algorithms in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism are often not used correctly or only benefit subgroups of patients, leading to overuse of computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA). The YEARS clinical decision rule that incorporates differential D-dimer cutoff values at presentation, has been developed to be fast, to be compatible with clinical practice, and to reduce the number of CTPA investigations in all age groups. We aimed to prospectively evaluate this novel and simplified diagnostic algorithm for suspected acute pulmonary embolism...
May 23, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549476/comparing-motivational-self-regulatory-and-habitual-processes-in-a-computer-tailored-physical-activity-intervention-in-hospital-employees-protocol-for-the-paths-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Dominika Kwasnicka, Corneel Vandelanotte, Amanda Rebar, Benjamin Gardner, Camille Short, Mitch Duncan, Dawn Crook, Martin S Hagger
BACKGROUND: Most people do not engage in sufficient physical activity to confer health benefits and to reduce risk of chronic disease. Healthcare professionals frequently provide guidance on physical activity, but often do not meet guideline levels of physical activity themselves. The main objective of this study is to develop and test the efficacy of a tailored intervention to increase healthcare professionals' physical activity participation and quality of life, and to reduce work-related stress and absenteeism...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549463/factors-associated-with-length-of-stay-following-trans-catheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-multicenter-study
#9
Yaron Arbel, Nevena Zivkovic, Dhruven Mehta, Sam Radhakrishnan, Stephen E Fremes, Effat Rezaei, Asim N Cheema, Sami Al-Nasser, Ariel Finkelstein, Harindra C Wijeysundera
BACKGROUND: Most patients undergoing Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVR) are elderly with significant co-morbidities and there is limited information available regarding factors that influence length of stay (LOS) post-procedure. The aim of this study was to identify the patient, and procedural factors that affect post-TAVR LOS using a contemporary multinational registry. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study, with patients recruited from three high volume tertiary institutions...
May 26, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549439/anesthetic-management-of-cesarean-section-in-cases-of-placenta-accreta-with-versus-without-abdominal-aortic-balloon-occlusion-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Qinjun Chu, Dan Shen, Long He, Hongwei Wang, Xianlan Zhao, Zhimin Chen, Yanli Wang, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: Placenta accreta (PA), a severe complication during delivery, is closely linked with massive hemorrhage which could endanger the lives of both mother and baby. Moreover, the incidence of PA has increased dramatically with the increasing rate of cesarean deliveries in the past few decades. Therefore, studies evaluating the effects of different perioperative managements based on different modalities in the treatment of PA are necessary. Among the numerous treatment measures, prophylactic abdominal aortic balloon occlusion (AABO) in combination with cesarean section for PA seems to be more advantageous than others...
May 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549428/rheumatoid-factors-do-not-predict-cardiovascular-disease-and-mortality-in-the-general-population-in-the-busselton-health-survey
#11
Johannes Nossent, Warren Raymond, Mark Divitini, Matthew Knuiman
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid Factors (RF) are antibodies directed against the Fc portion of IgG and are involved in clearance of immune complexes. While RF can develop in a wide range of conditions, higher RF levels indicate a greater risk for a severe disease course in Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients including cardiovascular complications and premature death. We investigated whether RF also constitute a risk factor for these outcomes in the general population. METHODS: We included 2,323 participants (46% male, mean age 50 years) free of CVD at baseline in 1972...
May 26, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549414/phase-i-ii-study-of-induction-chemotherapy-using-carboplatin-plus-irinotecan-and-sequential-thoracic-radiotherapy-trt-for-elderly-patients-with-limited-disease-small-cell-lung-cancer-ld-sclc-torg-0604
#12
Yuki Misumi, Hiroaki Okamoto, Jiichiro Sasaki, Noriyuki Masuda, Mari Ishii, Tsuneo Shimokawa, Yukio Hosomi, Yusuke Okuma, Makoto Nagamata, Takashi Ogura, Terufumi Kato, Masafumi Sata, Sakiko Otani, Akira Takakura, Koichi Minato, Yosuke Miura, Takuma Yokoyama, Saori Takata, Katsuhiko Naoki, Koshiro Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The role of irinotecan for elderly patients with LD-SCLC has been unclear, and the timing of TRT combined with chemotherapy has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: Patients aged > 70 years with untreated, measurable, LD-SCLC, performance status (PS) 0-2, and adequate organ function were eligible. Treatment consisted of induction with carboplatin on day 1 and irinotecan on days 1 and 8, every 21 days for 4 cycles, and sequential TRT (54Gy in 27 fractions)...
May 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549075/age-of-onset-in-huntington-s-disease-is-influenced-by-cag-repeat-variations-in-other-polyglutamine-disease-associated-genes
#13
Geerte Stuitje, Martine J van Belzen, Sarah L Gardiner, Willeke M C van Roon-Mom, Merel W Boogaard, Sarah J Tabrizi, Raymund A C Roos, N A Aziz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548875/overweight-obesity-and-height-as-risk-factors-for-meningioma-glioma-pituitary-adenoma-and-nerve-sheath-tumor-a-large-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Markus K H Wiedmann, Cathrine Brunborg, Antonio Di Ieva, Kristina Lindemann, Tom B Johannesen, Lars Vatten, Eirik Helseth, John A Zwart
BACKGROUND: In 2016, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has announced that avoiding body fatness (i.e. overweight and obesity) contributes to prevent meningioma occurrence, but considered the available evidence for glioma inadequate. The association of body fatness with other CNS tumor subgroups is largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether body fatness or body height are associated with risk for meningioma, glioma, pituitary adenoma (PA) or nerve sheath tumor (NST) in a large population-based Norwegian cohort...
May 26, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548634/predictors-of-permanent-disability-among-adults-with-spinal-dysraphism
#15
Matthew C Davis, Betsy D Hopson, Jeffrey P Blount, Rachel Carroll, Tracey S Wilson, Danielle K Powell, Amie B Jackson McLain, Brandon G Rocque
OBJECTIVE Predictors of permanent disability among individuals with spinal dysraphism are not well established. In this study, the authors examined potential risk factors for self-reported permanent disability among adults with spinal dysraphism. METHODS A total of 188 consecutive individuals undergoing follow-up in an adult spinal dysraphism clinic completed a standardized National Spina Bifida Patient Registry survey. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to assess bivariate relationships, while multivariate logistic regression was used to identify factors independently associated with self-identification as "permanently disabled...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548625/acute-procedural-outcomes-of-orbital-atherectomy-for-the-treatment-of-common-femoral-artery-disease-sub-analysis-of-the-confirm-registries
#16
Michael S Lee, Daniel Heikali, Jihad Mustapha, George Adams, Ehtisham Mahmud
This analysis compared the angiographic outcomes of patients treated with orbital atherectomy for calcified common femoral artery (CFA) and superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease. The ideal revascularization strategy for CFA disease is unknown. Endarterectomy has been considered the standard of care for CFA disease for over 50 years. Endovascular intervention is becoming more commonly used to revascularize the CFA given the advances in technology and the less invasive nature of the procedure. Patient demographics, lesion characteristics, and procedure data for all CONFIRM patients with at least one CFA lesion location ( n=147 patients; n=200 lesions) were compared to patients with at least one SFA lesion location ( n=1508 patients; n=2367 lesions)...
May 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548469/trends-in-breast-cancer-epidemiology-in-chelyabinsk-region-2006-2015
#17
Irina A Aksenova, Malcolm A Moore, Alla S Domozhirova
Breast cancer among women occupies a leading position in the profile of cancer incidence in most parts of the world. The present study of the incidence and prevalence of breast cancer was carried out using data from the Chelyabinsk population cancer registry for 2006-2015. A stable growth trend in the incidence over time was noted overall, as well as major differences in the figures for women of different ethnicities (Russian, Tatar, Bashkir), by far the highest incidences being observed for Russian women. Urban rates were generally higher than in rural sites and a shift towards older age at presentation was seen between 2006 and 2015...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548204/endovascular-treatment-for-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#18
REVIEW
Stephen Badger, Rachel Forster, Paul H Blair, Peter Ellis, Frank Kee, Denis W Harkin
BACKGROUND: An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) (pathological enlargement of the aorta) is a condition that can occur as a person ages. It is most commonly seen in men older than 65 years of age. Progressive aneurysm enlargement can lead to rupture and massive internal bleeding, which is fatal unless timely repair can be achieved. Despite improvements in perioperative care, mortality remains high (approximately 50%) after conventional open surgical repair. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), a minimally invasive technique, has been shown to reduce early morbidity and mortality as compared to conventional open surgery for planned AAA repair...
May 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548196/-declaration-of-the-chilean-academy-of-medicine-of-law-20-850-%C3%A2-on-clinical-trials-of-pharmaceutical-products-and-medical-devices%C3%A2-and-of-the-bylaw-that-will-regulate-its-application
#19
Gloria López S, Gloria Valdés S, Emilio Roessler B, Vicente Valdivieso D
In Chile, high cost treatments required by selected medical conditions are financed by the State, according to Law 20.850. A bylaw under discussion by the Senate regulates clinical trials, posing complex issues that will endanger local interest in front-line research: 1. The exclusive and mandatory control bestowed to the Institute of Public Health during all stages of the trials and also the surveillance of institutions performing clinical trials, overriding their Clinical Research Review Boards; 2.The 10 year period during which any adverse event is assumed to have been caused by the medication or devise evaluated by the trial, unless the contrary is proven in a judicial process; 3...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548185/-evaluation-the-american-college-of-cardiology-and-american-heart-association-predictive-score-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#20
Mónica Acevedo, Giovanna Valentino, Verónica Kramer, María José Bustamante, Marcela Adasme, Lorena Orellana, Fernando Baraona, Carlos Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Recently, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) proposed a new cardiovascular risk (CV) score. AIM: To evaluate the new risk score (ACC/AHA 2013) in a Chilean population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, lipid profile and fasting blood glucose levels were measured and a survey about CV risk factors was responded by 3,284 subjects aged 40 to 79 years (38% females), living in urban Santiago...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
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