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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431843/on-the-complex-interaction-between-mathematics-and-the-sciences-of-living-systems-comment-on-move-me-astonish-me-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430088/informatics-for-health-2017-advancing-both-science-and-practice
#2
Philip J Scott, Ronald Cornet, Colin McCowan, Niels Peek, Paolo Fraccaro, Nophar Geifman, Wouter T Gude, William Hulme, Glen P Martin, Richard Williams
INTRODUCTION: The Informatics for Health congress, 24-26 April 2017, in Manchester, UK, brought together the Medical Informatics Europe (MIE) conference and the Farr Institute International Conference. This special issue of the Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics contains 113 presentation abstracts and 149 poster abstracts from the congress. DISCUSSION: The twin programmes of "Big Data" and "Digital Health" are not always joined up by coherent policy and investment priorities...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421485/chapter-1-historical-background-on-gamete-and-embryo-cryopreservation
#3
Jaffar Ali, Naif H AlHarbi, Nafisa Ali
This chapter describes the development of the science of cryopreservation of gametes and embryos of various species including human. It attempts to record in brief the main contributions of workers in their attempts to cryopreserve gametes and embryos. The initial difficulties faced and subsequent developments and triumphs leading to present-day state of the art are given in a concise manner. The main players and their contributions are mentioned and the authors' aim is to do justice to them. This work also attempts to ensure that credit is correctly attributed for significant advances in gamete and embryo cryopreservation...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418987/the-roles-of-behavioral-and-social-science-research-in-the-fight-against-hiv-aids-a-functional-framework
#4
Paul Gaist, Michael J Stirratt
Landmark advances have been made in HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment. These include proof-of-concept and public health implementation of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and "treatment as prevention" (TasP) to reduce HIV transmission as well as definitive evidence of the clinical gain from early antiretroviral treatment (ART) initiation. Significant progress has been made in understanding and addressing the social contexts and behavioral factors that impact HIV prevention, care, and treatment interventions...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418049/systems-chemistry
#5
REVIEW
Gonen Ashkenasy, Thomas M Hermans, Sijbren Otto, Annette F Taylor
Building on our ability to design and synthesise molecules and our understanding of the noncovalent interactions between these molecules, the chemical sciences are currently entering the new territory of Systems Chemistry. This young field aims to develop complex molecular systems showing emergent properties; i.e. properties that go beyond the sum of the characteristics of the individual consituents of the system. This review gives an impression of the state of the art of the field by showing a diverse number of recent highlights, including out-of-equilibrium self-assembly, chemically fuelled molecular motion, compartmentalised chemical networks and designed oscillators...
April 18, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414652/no-past-no-future-studies-in-the-art-and-science-of-memory
#6
Jules Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407102/the-perform-project-using-performing-arts-to-increase-engagement-and-understanding-of-science
#7
Jon James
This commentary describes some of the current challenges for science education in the UK and how an EU educational project (PERFORM) is seeking to use performing arts to engage young people with science, its values, and the processes of research.
April 12, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400144/-cell-and-tissue-shell-and-bone-leaf-and-flower-on-growth-and-form-in-context
#8
REVIEW
Matthew Jarron
D'Arcy Thompson wrote his most celebrated book, On Growth and Form, at University College, Dundee in the 1910s. This paper explores some of the influences on Thompson's ideas and the context in which the book was written. It examines the controversial nature of some of the book's content and the connections between science and art that it embodies. The book's reception is discussed and the gradual take-up of his ideas within biology, as well as looking at the many other fields that have been influenced by Thompson's ideas...
April 8, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399763/simple-things-can-achieve-so-much
#9
(no author information available yet)
Tonks Fawcett was one of a small number of nurses to enrol on a nursing degree in the 1970s, graduating from City University London and St Bartholomew's Hospital. She has had a long career in nurse education at the University of Edinburgh, and became professor of student learning (nurse education) in 2012. She is also associate dean for academic conduct for the college of arts, humanities and social science at the university, and in 2014 was made a principal fellow of the Higher Education Academy. She is a member of the RCNi editorial advisory board...
April 12, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392698/assessment-of-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-in-the-reduction-of-tuberculosis-among-art-patients-in-arba-minch-hospital-ethiopia
#10
Ashenafi Abossie, Tsegaye Yohanes
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is the most frequent life-threatening opportunistic disease among people living with HIV and remains a leading cause of mortality, even among persons receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis have been recommended for the benefit of HIV/AIDS-infected individuals to prevent opportunistic infections. The aim of this study was to assess IPT prophylaxis in the reduction of TB among ART patients. METHODS: The study was a hospital-based retrospective study...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391411/empathy-engagement-entrainment-the-interaction-dynamics-of-aesthetic-experience
#11
Ingar Brinck
A recent version of the view that aesthetic experience is based in empathy as inner imitation explains aesthetic experience as the automatic simulation of actions, emotions, and bodily sensations depicted in an artwork by motor neurons in the brain. Criticizing the simulation theory for committing to an erroneous concept of empathy and failing to distinguish regular from aesthetic experiences of art, I advance an alternative, dynamic approach and claim that aesthetic experience is enacted and skillful, based in the recognition of others' experiences as distinct from one's own...
April 8, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389127/participatory-quantitative-health-impact-assessment-of-urban-and-transport-planning-in-cities-a-review-and-research-needs
#12
REVIEW
Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis, Ersilia Verlinghieri, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Urban and transport planning have large impacts on public health, but these are generally not explicitly considered and/or quantified, partly because there are no comprehensive models, methods and tools readily available. Air pollution, noise, temperature, green space, motor vehicle crashes and physical activity are important pathways linking urban and transport planning and public health. For policy decision-making, it is important to understand and be able to quantify the full-chain from source through pathways to health effects and impacts to substantiate and effectively target actions...
April 4, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388799/dorsal-augmentation-using-autologous-costal-cartilage-or-microfat-infused-soft-tissue-augmentation
#13
Dean M Toriumi
Costal cartilage grafting is increasing in popularity with increased demand for augmentation rhinoplasty and increased need for grafting material for structure rhinoplasty techniques. Use of costal cartilage for dorsal grafting is both art and science. The art is demonstrated in the act of carving a dorsal graft that will reflect the actual contour of the nasal dorsum. The science is linked to the methodology of how the grafts are contoured to match the patient's desires and how the graft is fixed to the bony dorsum to minimize the risk of warping and displacement...
April 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384979/correlation-between-visible-length-of-the-iris-and-the-length-of-the-maxillary-central-incisor-using-digital-image-analysis-a-pilot-study
#14
Rohini, Hemalatha, Gopi Naveen Chander, Kuttae Viswanathan Anitha
INTRODUCTION: Complete denture therapy is one such modality where science and art goes hand in hand. Selection of artificial teeth for completely edentulous patients is not easy in the absence of pre extraction records, because till date concrete guidelines do not exist. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine if a correlation existed between the visible length of the iris and the length of the maxillary central incisor to potentially provide a guide for teeth selection...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378036/engaging-with-dementia-moral-experiments-in-art-and-friendship
#15
Janelle S Taylor
The box-office as well as critical success of the 2014 major motion picture Still Alice, starring Julianne Moore in the title role and based on the bestselling novel of the same name by the Harvard-trained neuroscientist Lisa Genova (Still Alice. Simon & Schuster, New York, 2009), marked an important moment in public cultural representations of people with dementia. Still Alice tells the story of Alice Howland, an eminent scientist whose increasing memory lapses are eventually diagnosed as early-onset Alzheimer's, and chronicles the transformations in her family relationships as her husband and three children respond to her decline in different ways...
April 4, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375701/light-addressable-potentiometric-sensors-for-quantitative-spatial-imaging-of-chemical-species
#16
Tatsuo Yoshinobu, Ko-Ichiro Miyamoto, Carl Frederik Werner, Arshak Poghossian, Torsten Wagner, Michael J Schöning
A light-addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS) is a semiconductor-based chemical sensor, in which a measurement site on the sensing surface is defined by illumination. This light addressability can be applied to visualize the spatial distribution of pH or the concentration of a specific chemical species, with potential applications in the fields of chemistry, materials science, biology, and medicine. In this review, the features of this chemical imaging sensor technology are compared with those of other technologies...
March 27, 2017: Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371170/state-of-the-art-novel-applications-for-cortical-stimulation
#17
REVIEW
Dirk De Ridder, Sanjaya Perera, Sven Vanneste
OBJECTIVE: Electrical stimulation via implanted electrodes that overlie the cortex of the brain is an upcoming neurosurgical technique that was hindered for a long time by insufficient knowledge of how the brain functions in a dynamic, physiological, and pathological way, as well as by technological limitations of the implantable stimulation devices. METHODS: This paper provides an overview of cortex stimulation via implantable devices and introduces future possibilities to improve cortex stimulation...
March 28, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370177/blood-safety-implications-of-donors-using-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis
#18
C R Seed, H Yang, J F Lee
HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is the use of one or more antiretroviral medications (in combination) to prevent HIV infection. The most commonly used PrEP medication (Truvada(®) , Gilead Sciences, Inc.) acts by inhibiting HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. If someone who is using PrEP unknowingly becomes HIV infected (termed 'PrEP breakthrough infection'), there may be suppressed viral replication resulting in a virus level undetectable by the most sensitive HIV NAT. Failure to seroconvert and seroreversion (loss of previously detectable HIV antibodies) have also both been observed with 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation screening immunoassays, as well as Western blot assays...
March 31, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360252/state-of-reporting-of-primary-biomedical-research-a-scoping-review-protocol
#19
Guowei Li, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Zainab Samaan, Yanling Jin, Ikunna Nwosu, Mitchell A H Levine, Jonathan D Adachi, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Incomplete or inconsistent reporting remains a major concern in the biomedical literature. Incomplete or inconsistent reporting may yield the published findings unreliable, irreproducible or sometimes misleading. In this study based on evidence from systematic reviews and surveys that have evaluated the reporting issues in primary biomedical studies, we aim to conduct a scoping review with focuses on (1) the state-of-the-art extent of adherence to the emerging reporting guidelines in primary biomedical research, (2) the inconsistency between protocols or registrations and full reports and (3) the disagreement between abstracts and full-text articles...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360249/understanding-the-acceptability-and-adherence-to-paediatric-antiretroviral-treatment-in-the-new-formulation-of-pellets-lpv-r-the-protocol-of-a-realist-evaluation
#20
Ariadna Nebot Giralt, Christiana Nöstlinger, Janice Lee, Olawale Salami, Marc Lallemant, Onyango Ouma, Isaac Nyamongo, Bruno Marchal
BACKGROUND: Improving access to paediatric HIV treatment requires both large-scale treatment programmes and medication that is adapted to infants and children's needs. The WHO recommends lopinavir/ritonavir as first-line antiretroviral therapy for all HIV-infected children younger than 3 years. There is currently little evidence on the acceptability of, and adherence to, a formulation of this combination treatment if given in the form of pellets. This protocol presents how we will carry a realist evaluation to assess the factors that contribute to the acceptability and adherence to the new pellets formulation in 3 hospitals in Kenya...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
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