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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543173/a-clinical-review-of-communication-training-for-haematologists-and-haemato-oncologists-a-case-of-art-versus-science
#1
REVIEW
Deborah Christie, Sarah Glew
The art of communication at times seems at odds with the science of medicine. Poor communication is associated with risks for patient and physician. Communication skills are highly relevant for haematologists and are associated with increased physician and patient satisfaction, positive psychosocial outcomes and possible health outcomes. Medical communication training has recently become widespread but is largely restricted to junior medical professionals. In haematology, the proliferation of high quality communication skills is low and there are few interventions catering for the required skillset...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542796/interleukin-2-as-an-adjunct-to-antiretroviral-therapy-for-hiv-positive-adults
#2
REVIEW
Jennifer Onwumeh, Charles I Okwundu, Tamara Kredo
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Although antiretroviral drugs have helped to improve the quality of life and life expectancy of HIV-positive individuals, there is still a need to explore other interventions that will help to further reduce the disease burden. One potential strategy is the use of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in combination with antiretroviral therapy (ART). IL-2 is a cytokine that regulates the proliferation and differentiation of lymphocytes and may help to boost the immune system...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540750/neurobiology-of-emotions-an-update
#3
Vanderson Esperidião-Antonio, Marilia Majeski-Colombo, Diana Toledo-Monteverde, Glaciele Moraes-Martins, Juliana José Fernandes, Marjorie Bauchiglioni de Assis, Stefânia Montenegro, Rodrigo Siqueira-Batista
The 'nature' of emotions is one of the archaic themes of Western thought, thematized in different cultural manifestations - such as art, science, philosophy, myths and religion -, since Ancient times. In the last decades, the advances in neurosciences have permitted the construction of hypotheses that explain emotions, especially through the studies involving the limbic system. To present an updated discussion about the neurobiology of processes relating to emotions - focusing (1) on the main neural structures that relate to emotions, (2) the paths and circuits of greater relevance, (3) the implicated neurotransmitters, (4) the connections that possess neurovegetative control and (5) the discussion about the main emotions - is the objective of this present article...
May 25, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540367/lived-lives-a-pavee-perspective-an-arts-science-community-intervention-around-suicide-in-an-indigenous-ethnic-minority
#4
Kevin M Malone, Seamus G McGuinness, Eimear Cleary, Janis Jefferies, Christabel Owens, Cecily C Kelleher
Background: Suicide is a significant public health concern, which impacts on health outcomes. Few suicide research studies have been interdisciplinary. We combined a psychobiographical autopsy with a visual arts autopsy, in which families donated stories, images and objects associated with the lived life of a loved one lost to suicide. From this interdisciplinary research platform, a mediated exhibition was created (Lived Lives) with artist, scientist and families, co-curated by communities, facilitating dialogue, response and public action around suicide prevention...
April 13, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534765/the-animal-kingdom-is-also-a-bioengineering-field-exploring-the-art-and-science-of-vetinary-medicine-retrospectroscope
#5
Max E Valentinuzzi
Medical science developed in tandem with the evolution of biological species and their associated diseases. Because of the close interaction between humans and other animals, even those in the wild, taking care of the former also means caring for the latter. Several scientific forerunners delved into animals' anatomical and physiological secrets in their quest to better understand animal biology and functions, thereby laying the foundation for animal medicine. Here, I briefly explore the long and complex road that led to the current state of veterinary science and provide a few examples of its present standing...
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533800/high-dose-rate-interstitial-brachytherapy-in-head-and-neck-cancer-do-we-need-a-look-back-into-a-forgotten-art-a-single-institute-experience
#6
Rajendra Bhalavat, Manish Chandra, Vibhay Pareek, Lalitha Nellore, Karishma George, P Nandakumar, Pratibha Bauskar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the treatment outcomes with high-dose-rate (HDR) interstitial brachytherapy (HDR-BRT) in head and neck cancers (HNC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with HNC as per American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM staging criteria were analyzed retrospectively between 2008 and 2015. Forty-two patients received external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) with HDR-BRT and 16 patients received BRT alone. The survival was calculated with respect to median biological equivalent doses (BED) and median 2 Gy equivalent dose (EQD2), keeping α/β = 10 for tumor...
April 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531319/improved-sperm-kinematics-in-semen-samples-collected-after-2-h-versus-4-7-days-of-ejaculation-abstinence
#7
H Alipour, G Van Der Horst, O B Christiansen, F Dardmeh, N Jørgensen, H I Nielsen, C Hnida
STUDY QUESTION: Does a short abstinence period of only 2 h yield spermatozoa with better motility characteristics than samples collected after 4-7 days? SUMMARY ANSWER: Despite lower semen volume, sperm concentration, total sperm counts and total motile counts, higher percentages of motile spermatozoa with higher velocity and progressiveness were detected in samples obtained after 2 h. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Most studies that have assessed the effect of abstinence periods on sperm motility parameters in men with a sperm concentration below 15 million/ml have detected a higher percentage of motile spermatozoa in samples obtained after short abstinence periods...
May 22, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529235/alternative-medicine-contagion-and-cure-in-karel-%C3%A4-apek-s-i-the-white-plague-i
#8
Alexis Soloski
Though written amid an atmosphere of unprecedented medical advance in both diagnosis and therapeutics, Karel Čapek's The White Plague takes a starkly critical stance against overconfidence in medical science and its dubious ethical orbit. This article explores Čapek's censure of those who would privilege scientific interest in disease over the holistic plight of the sufferer. Provocatively, Čapek achieves this not only via the play's content, but also-prefiguring aspects of contemporary live art practice by several decades-by placing audience members in worrying proximity to abject ill bodies...
2017: Literature and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528136/the-management-of-the-acute-ischemic-priapism-a-state-of-the-art-review
#9
M Falcone, A Gillo, M Capece, A Raheem, D Ralph, G Garaffa
OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature on early penile prosthesis implantation in patients with refractory ischemic priapism (IP). ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: A systematic search for the terms "penile prosthesis", "priapism", "impotence", "fibrosis", "downsized prosthesis cylinders", and "patient satisfaction" has been carried out in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, SCOPUS and Science Citation Index databases. SYNTHESIS OF EVIDENCE: Cavernosal tissue damage in IP is time related...
May 17, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528126/emotional-intelligence-increases-over-time-a-longitudinal-study-of-australian-pre-registration-nursing-students
#10
Kim Foster, Judith Fethney, Heather McKenzie, Murray Fisher, Emily Harkness, Desirée Kozlowski
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been associated with positive outcomes for nursing students. Higher EI is associated with personal wellbeing and stress management, higher academic performance, stronger nursing leadership and practice performance, and greater patient safety. While there is an increasing body of evidence on nursing students' EI, there is minimal evidence on EI over time during pre-registration programs. OBJECTIVES: To measure EI in pre-registration nursing students from program commencement to conclusion to ascertain EI over time and examine the relationship between EI and academic performance...
May 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526661/the-parasol-protocol-an-implementation-science-study-of-hiv-continuum-of-care-interventions-for-gay-men-and-transgender-women-in-burma-myanmar
#11
Andrea L Wirtz, Soe Naing, Emily Clouse, Kaung Htet Thu, Sandra Hsu Hnin Mon, Zin Min Tun, Stefan Baral, Aung Zayar Paing, Chris Beyrer
BACKGROUND: Efforts to improve HIV diagnosis and antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation among people living with HIV and reduce onward transmission of HIV rely on innovative interventions along multiple steps of the HIV care continuum. These innovative methods are particularly important for key populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TW). The HIV epidemic in Myanmar is concentrated among key populations, and national efforts now focus on reducing stigma and improving engagement of MSM and TW in HIV prevention and care...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524891/how-can-i-promote-healing-outside-of-my-clinical-setting-for-patients-in-need-of-a-transplantation
#12
Adrienne Schleisman
Nurses are individuals called to both care for patients and families and facilitate the healing process. Our profession fills a unique role in health care as oncology nurses combine medical science with the art of interpersonal relationships to provide both physical and emotional support for patients. Promoting healing and facilitating adjustment draws individuals to become exceptional nurses and is an innate quality of oncology nurses (American Nurses Association, 2016). It is a characteristic not easily separated from one's personality...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514884/the-association-of-placenta-previa-and-assisted-reproductive-techniques-a-meta-analysis
#13
Manoochehr Karami, Ensiyeh Jenabi, Bita Fereidooni
BACKGROUND: Several epidemiological studies have determined that assisted reproductive techniques (ART) can increase the risk of placenta previa. To date, only a meta-analysis has been performed for assessing the relationship between placenta previa and ART. This meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the association between placenta previa and ART in singleton and twin pregnancies. METHODS: A literature search was performed in major databases PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus from the earliest possible year to April 2017...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508939/-the-worlds-of-gods-in-medicine
#14
REVIEW
A Karenberg
BACKGROUND: A number of designations for diseases, medicines and human body structures derive from classical mythology. To date, these eponyms have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an overview of this fringe component of medical vocabulary, looks at the history of several terms and formulates hypotheses as to why such creative etymologies have come into being. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In addition to relevant texts on ancient mythology, a variety of medical textbooks from the early modern period were analyzed...
May 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503375/network-science-meets-respiratory-medicine-for-osas-phenotyping-and-severity-prediction
#15
Stefan Mihaicuta, Mihai Udrescu, Alexandru Topirceanu, Lucretia Udrescu
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common clinical condition. The way that OSAS risk factors associate and converge is not a random process. As such, defining OSAS phenotypes fosters personalized patient management and population screening. In this paper, we present a network-based observational, retrospective study on a cohort of 1,371 consecutive OSAS patients and 611 non-OSAS control patients in order to explore the risk factor associations and their correlation with OSAS comorbidities. To this end, we construct the Apnea Patients Network (APN) using patient compatibility relationships according to six objective parameters: age, gender, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), neck circumference (NC) and the Epworth sleepiness score (ESS)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502092/hiv-hcv-co-infection-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-meta-analysis
#16
Olatokunbo Osibogun, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Erin D Michos, Erica S Spatz, Babatunde Olubajo, Khurram Nasir, Purnima Madhivanan, Wasim Maziak
The emergence of improved antiretroviral therapy has increased the life expectancy of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals, though there is an increased susceptibility to developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The risk for CVD is purported to be even higher among people with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection because of the increased inflammatory response, which may synergistically impact CV risk; however, studies comparing CV outcomes between HIV alone and HIV/HCV individuals have been discordant...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501964/consensus-statement-supporting-safer-conception-and-pregnancy-for-men-and-women-living-with-and-affected-by-hiv
#17
Lynn T Matthews, Jolly Beyeza-Kashesya, Ian Cooke, Natasha Davies, Renee Heffron, Angela Kaida, John Kinuthia, Okeoma Mmeje, Augusto E Semprini, Shannon Weber
Safer conception interventions reduce HIV incidence while supporting the reproductive goals of people living with or affected by HIV. We developed a consensus statement to address demand, summarize science, identify information gaps, outline research and policy priorities, and advocate for safer conception services. This statement emerged from a process incorporating consultation from meetings, literature, and key stakeholders. Three co-authors developed an outline which was discussed and modified with co-authors, working group members, and additional clinical, policy, and community experts in safer conception, HIV, and fertility...
May 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501360/cow-urine-indian-yellow-and-art-forgeries-an-update
#18
Gregory Dale Smith
In a recent technical note in this Journal, de Faria et al., 2017 [1] reported the Raman spectrum of authentic Indian yellow artists' pigment, correcting a decades old reference spectrum that has led to the misidentification of this pigment in artworks that actually contained tartrazine yellow. The present communication provides additional information and corrects important experimental details mentioned by de Faria et al. that should lead to further identifications of the authentic pigment in artworks. Despite their claim that the analysis of this naturally fluorescent colorant is only possible with Fourier transform (FT) instruments, the ready characterization of two authentic samples of historic Indian yellow pigment is demonstrated here using commonly available visible and near-infrared excitation sources on a dispersive Raman microspectrometer...
April 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496289/what-if-reading-is-easy-but-unimportant-how-students-patterns-of-affirming-and-undermining-motivation-for-reading-information-texts-predict-different-reading-outcomes
#19
Emily Q Rosenzweig, Allan Wigfield
Many affirming and undermining motivational constructs affect students as they read information texts, but few researchers have explored how these motivations are patterned within students. In this study we used cluster analysis to classify middle school students (n = 1,134) based on their patterns of self-efficacy, perceived difficulty, value, and devalue for reading school information texts. We then compared how the patterns predicted students' language arts grades, science information text comprehension, and dedication to reading school information texts...
January 2017: Contemporary Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493914/take-me-where-i-want-to-go-institutional-prestige-advisor-sponsorship-and-academic-career-placement-preferences
#20
Diogo L Pinheiro, Julia Melkers, Sunni Newton
Placement in prestigious research institutions for STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) PhD recipients is generally considered to be optimal. Yet some doctoral recipients are not interested in intensive research careers and instead seek alternative careers, outside but also within academe (for example teaching positions in Liberal Arts Schools). Recent attention to non-academic pathways has expanded our understanding of alternative PhD careers. However, career preferences and placements are also nuanced along the academic pathway...
2017: PloS One
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