keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

the art and science

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087727/bioethics-and-imagination-towards-a-narrative-bioethics-committed-to-social-action-and-justice
#1
Camilo Hernán Manchola Castillo, Jan Helge Solbakk
Recently, the involvement of various authors coming from the social sciences and the arts has reinforced the humanistic component of bioethics. Their contributions vary from very theoretical perspectives to rather practical ones. In this paper, Martha Nussbaum's books, The Fragility of Goodness (1986), Love's Knowledge (1990), Cultivating Humanity (1997) and Creating Capabilities (2011) are analysed from the vantage point of narrative bioethics. It is argued that Nussbaum's notions of 'Narrative', 'Imagination' and 'Cultivation' open up the possibility of developing an action-oriented form of narrative bioethics, that is, a bioethics committed to social action and justice...
January 13, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086808/a-quiet-harvest-linkage-between-ritual-seed-selection-and-the-historical-use-of-the-finger-bladed-knife-as-a-traditional-plant-breeding-tool-in-ifugao-philippines
#2
REVIEW
Kevin M Murphy
The transverse harvest knife, also commonly called the finger or finger-bladed knife, has been utilized by rice farmers in southeast Asia for many centuries. The finger knife persisted in many traditional cultures long after the introduction of the sickle, a tool which provided farmers with the means to execute a much faster harvest. Several theories in interpretative archaeology have attempted to account for this rejection of more modern technological innovations. These theories, which include community-based social organization ideas and practical reasons for the continued use of the finger knife, are presented in this paper...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080961/interoception-beyond-homeostasis-affect-cognition-and-mental-health
#3
Manos Tsakiris, Hugo Critchley
Interoception refers to the sensing of the internal state of one's body. Interoception is distinct from the processing of sensory information concerning external (non-self) stimuli (e.g. vision, hearing, touch and smell) and is the afferent axis to internal (autonomic and hormonal) physiological control. However, the impact of interoception extends beyond homeostatic/allostatic reflexes: it is proposed to be fundamental to motivation, emotion (affective feelings and behaviours), social cognition and self-awareness...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080221/molecular-mechanisms-of-antisense-oligonucleotides
#4
Stanley T Crooke
In 1987, when I became interested in the notion of antisense technology, I returned to my roots in RNA biochemistry and began work to understand how oligonucleotides behave in biological systems. Since 1989, my research has focused primarily on this topic, although I have been involved in most areas of research in antisense technology. I believe that the art of excellent science is to frame large important questions that are perhaps not immediately answerable with existing knowledge and methods, and then conceive a long-term (multiyear) research strategy that begins by answering the most pressing answerable questions on the path to the long-term goals...
January 12, 2017: Nucleic Acid Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077907/how-to-compose-write-and-publish-a-scientific-or-professional-communication
#5
REVIEW
Milivoj Boranic
There is an ample number of recommendations, guides and monographs addressing the art of composing and publishing written, oral or visual communications in science and various professions. In order to write an article, autors have to follow certain rules. Presentation of the article (oral or poster presentation) also requires skill, meaning that you have to fulfill certain guidelines and regulations.
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077842/psychoanalysis-and-the-emigration-of-central-and-eastern-european-intellectuals
#6
Ferenc Erős
One of the most important phenomena in the intellectual history of the 20th century was the exodus of the European mind, the emigration of persons, ideas, techniques, and institutions in the vast areas of social, human, and natural sciences, as well as in literature and the visual arts. Among these exiled intellectuals, psychoanalysts formed a special group. This paper examines the major lines of the emigration of psychoanalysts from the countries of issue to the countries of reception. It focuses, in particular on Hungarian analysts and analytic candidates who left their country of birth in two waves, first after the failure of revolutions in 1918/19 for Berlin, and then after 1938, to escape the Nazis...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073329/the-other-side-of-magic
#7
Vebjørn Ekroll, Bilge Sayim, Johan Wagemans
When magicians perform spectacles that seem to defy the laws of nature, they do so by manipulating psychological reality. Hence, the principles underlying the art of conjuring are potentially of interest to psychological science. Here, we argue that perceptual and cognitive principles governing how humans experience hidden things and reason about them play a central role in many magic tricks. Different from tricks based on many other forms of misdirection, which require considerable skill on the part of the magician, many elements of these tricks are essentially self-working because they rely on automatic perceptual and cognitive processes...
January 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073300/from-dynamics-to-function
#8
Thomas J Dishion
A vast majority of psychological science focuses on snapshots of individuals. Clinical outcome studies may integrate multiple snapshots, typically with yearly intervals. However, there is much to learn about psychological processes as they unfold over real time, including minutes, days, weeks, and months. This special issue contains several articles that make significant advances in real-time assessment of psychological processes using state-of-the-art measurement. This is a brief summary of the specific innovations of this special issue...
August 2016: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065359/role-of-nanotechnology-in-erectile-dysfunction-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Alice Y Wang, Carol A Podlasek
INTRODUCTION: The biological importance of nanotechnology-based delivery vehicles for in vivo tissue regeneration is gaining acceptance by the medical community; however, its relevance and incorporation into the treatment of sexual dysfunction are evolving and have not been well evaluated. AIM: To provide scientific evidence examining the use of state-of-the-art nanotechnology-based delivery methodology in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) in animal models and in patients...
January 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062450/the-structural-bioinformatics-library-modeling-in-biomolecular-science-and-beyond
#10
Frédéric Cazals, Tom Dreyfus
MOTIVATION: Software in structural bioinformatics has mainly been application driven. To favor practitioners seeking off-the-shelf applications, but also developers seeking advanced building blocks to develop novel applications, we undertook the design of the Structural Bioinformatics Library (SBL, http://sbl.inria.fr), a generic C ++/python cross-platform software library targeting complex problems in structural bioinformatics. Its tenet is based on a modular design offering a rich and versatile framework allowing the development of novel applications requiring well specified complex operations, without compromising robustness and performances...
January 5, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060818/a-webcast-of-bird-nesting-as-a-state-of-the-art-citizen-science
#11
Markéta Zárybnická, Petr Sklenicka, Piotr Tryjanowski
The quality of people's knowledge of nature has always had a significant influence on their approach to wildlife and nature conservation. However, direct interactions of people with nature are greatly limited nowadays, especially because of urbanization and modern lifestyles. As a result, our isolation from the natural world has been growing. Here, we present an example of a state-of-the-art Citizen Science project with its educational, scientific, and popularizing benefits. We conclude that modern media and new forms of education offer an effective opportunity for inspiring children and others to have fun learning to act like scientists...
January 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060718/woce-a-framework-for-clustering-ensemble-by-exploiting-the-wisdom-of-crowds-theory
#12
Muhammad Yousefnezhad, Sheng-Jun Huang, Daoqiang Zhang
The wisdom of crowds (WOCs), as a theory in the social science, gets a new paradigm in computer science. The WOC theory explains that the aggregate decision made by a group is often better than those of its individual members if specific conditions are satisfied. This paper presents a novel framework for unsupervised and semisupervised cluster ensemble by exploiting the WOC theory. We employ four conditions in the WOC theory, i.e., diversity, independency, decentralization, and aggregation, to guide both constructing of individual clustering results and final combination for clustering ensemble...
January 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059496/the-science-and-art-of-carving-metal-nanocrystals
#13
Aleksey Ruditskiy, Younan Xia
Oxidative etching is a powerful tool for carving out new designs in metal nanocrystals. In this issue of ACS Nano, Jin et al. demonstrate how this tool can be applied to the fabrication of Pd nanoframes by carefully balancing the rates of etching and growth during the excavation of solid nanocrystals. In this Perspective, we offer a brief overview on the evolution of oxidative etching as an alternative route to the facile synthesis of well-controlled metal nanocrystals, as well as an outlook into the future directions of the field...
January 6, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054325/art-in-science-mondino-de-liuzzi-the-restorer-of-anatomy
#14
Berardo Di Matteo, Vittorio Tarabella, Giuseppe Filardo, Massimiliano Mosca, Mirco Lo Presti, Anna Viganò, Patrizia Tomba, Maurilio Marcacci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050407/female-college-students-knowledge-attitude-and-future-intention-towards-breastfeeding-implications-for-advocacy
#15
Ramya Padmanabhan, Mahalakshmy Thulasingam, Palnivel Chinnakalai
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding is important for promoting child's health. Since, breastfeeding decisions are made before pregnancy and are strongly influenced by women's knowledge and attitude, it is important to identify knowledge gaps in youth girls. AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude and future intention regarding infant feeding among female college students in Puducherry, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive study was done among 307 college going female students...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048844/su-f-j-70-monte-carlo-study-on-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-using-a-cross-type-carbon-fiber-antiscatter-grid
#16
K Usui, T Inoue, C Kurokawa, S Sugimoto, K Sasai, K Ogawa
PURPOSE: If a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) image can be used for adaptive radiotherapy (ART), an irradiated actual dose distribution can be verified on every treatment day. However, a CBCT image is commonly degraded by scattered photons and thus cannot be directly used for dose calculation. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate whether a cross-type carbon fiber antiscatter grid improves CBCT image quality using a Monte Carlo (MC) method for achieving CBCT-based ART. METHODS: We designed a new carbon fiber (C6 H10 O5 ) interspaced grid, which allows the grid ratio to be increased while maintaining the transmission of primary photons...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048756/su-f-j-66-anatomy-deformation-based-comparison-between-one-step-and-two-step-optimization-for-online-art
#17
Z Feng, G Yu, S Qin, C Ma, J Zhu, Y Yin, D Li
PURPOSE: This study investigated that how the quality of adapted plan was affected by inter-fractional anatomy deformation by using one-step and two-step optimization for on line adaptive radiotherapy (ART) procedure. METHODS: 10 lung carcinoma patients were chosen randomly to produce IMRT plan by one-step and two-step algorithms respectively, and the prescribed dose was set as 60 Gy on the planning target volume (PTV) for all patients. To simulate inter-fractional target deformation, four specific cases were created by systematic anatomy variation; including target superior shift 0...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048692/mo-fg-207b-01-thorax-lung
#18
H Aerts
State-of-the-Art in Radiomics in Radiology and Radiation Oncology Radiomics is the science of converting medical images into mineable data, data that are descriptive of "phenotypes," which may provide diagnostic, prognostic, or therapeutic information. Genomics is the science of sequencing and analyzing the function and structure of genomes; the complete set of DNA in a single cell of an organism. In turn, imaging genomics (or radiogenomics) is concerned with the correlation between image-based features, as determined by radiomics, and gene expression, as determined by genomics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048283/we-h-204-03-part-2-history-and-archives-resources-at-aip-for-aapm-and-its-members
#19
M Mueller
: "William D. Coolidge, Inventor of the Modern X-ray Tube" David J. Allard, M.S., CHP - Director, PA DEP Bureau of Radiation Protection William David Coolidge 1873-1975 was a research scientist and inventor of the modern X-ray tube. Besides Roentgen, with his 1895 discovery and subsequent studies of X-rays, perhaps no other individual contributed more to the advancement of X-ray technology than did Coolidge. He was born in Hudson, MA and received his Bachelor of Science degree from MIT in 1896...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048031/mo-fg-207b-02-breast
#20
H Li
State-of-the-Art in Radiomics in Radiology and Radiation Oncology Radiomics is the science of converting medical images into mineable data, data that are descriptive of "phenotypes," which may provide diagnostic, prognostic, or therapeutic information. Genomics is the science of sequencing and analyzing the function and structure of genomes; the complete set of DNA in a single cell of an organism. In turn, imaging genomics (or radiogenomics) is concerned with the correlation between image-based features, as determined by radiomics, and gene expression, as determined by genomics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
60544
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"