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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149278/interdisciplinary-stem-education-reform-dishing-out-art-in-a-microbiology-laboratory
#1
Sarah J Adkins, Rachel K Rock, J Jeffrey Morris
In the modern educational framework, life science and visual art are usually presented as mutually exclusive subjects. Despite this perceived disciplinary contrast, visual art has the ability to engage and provoke students in ways that can have important downstream effects on scientific discovery, especially when applied in a practical setting such as a laboratory course. This review broadly examines the benefit of interdisciplinary fusions of science and art as well as recent ways in which art strategies have been used in undergraduate biology classrooms...
November 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142997/advanced-smart-photosensitizers-for-more-effective-cancer-treatment
#2
Wooram Park, Soojeong Cho, Jieun Han, Heejun Shin, Kun Na, Byeongdu Lee, Dong-Hyun Kim
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) based upon the use of light and photosensitizers (PSs) has been used as a novel treatment approach for a variety of tumors. It, however, has several major limitations in the clinic: poor water solubility, long-term phototoxicity, low tumor targeting efficacy, and limited light penetration. With advances in nanotechnology, materials science, and clinical interventional imaging procedures, various smart-PSs have been developed for improving their cancer-therapeutic efficacy while reducing the adverse effects...
November 16, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136189/serum-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-treatment-outcomes-among-women-undergoing-assisted-reproduction
#3
Y-H Chiu, A E Karmon, A J Gaskins, M Arvizu, P L Williams, I Souter, B R Rueda, R Hause, J E Chavarro
STUDY QUESTION: Are serum polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations, including omega-3 (ω3-PUFA) and omega-6 (ω6-PUFA), related to ART outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Serum levels of long-chain ω3-PUFA were positively associated with probability of live birth among women undergoing ART. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Intake of ω3-PUFA improves oocyte and embryo quality in animal and human studies. However, a recent cohort study found no relation between circulating ω3-PUFA levels and pregnancy rates after ART...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130840/what-works-for-wellbeing-a-systematic-review-of-wellbeing-outcomes-for-music-and-singing-in-adults
#4
Norma Daykin, Louise Mansfield, Catherine Meads, Guy Julier, Alan Tomlinson, Annette Payne, Lily Grigsby Duffy, Jack Lane, Giorgia D'Innocenzo, Adele Burnett, Tess Kay, Paul Dolan, Stefano Testoni, Christina Victor
AIMS: The role of arts and music in supporting subjective wellbeing (SWB) is increasingly recognised. Robust evidence is needed to support policy and practice. This article reports on the first of four reviews of Culture, Sport and Wellbeing (CSW) commissioned by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)-funded What Works Centre for Wellbeing ( https://whatworkswellbeing.org/ ). OBJECTIVE: To identify SWB outcomes for music and singing in adults. METHODS: Comprehensive literature searches were conducted in PsychInfo, Medline, ERIC, Arts and Humanities, Social Science and Science Citation Indexes, Scopus, PILOTS and CINAHL databases...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125584/review-of-recent-inkjet-printed-capacitive-tactile-sensors
#5
REVIEW
Ahmed Salim, Sungjoon Lim
Inkjet printing is an advanced printing technology that has been used to develop conducting layers, interconnects and other features on a variety of substrates. It is an additive manufacturing process that offers cost-effective, lightweight designs and simplifies the fabrication process with little effort. There is hardly sufficient research on tactile sensors and inkjet printing. Advancements in materials science and inkjet printing greatly facilitate the realization of sophisticated tactile sensors. Starting from the concept of capacitive sensing, a brief comparison of printing techniques, the essential requirements of inkjet-printing and the attractive features of state-of-the art inkjet-printed tactile sensors developed on diverse substrates (paper, polymer, glass and textile) are presented in this comprehensive review...
November 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123645/beerdecoded-the-open-beer-metagenome-project
#6
Jonathan Sobel, Luc Henry, Nicolas Rotman, Gianpaolo Rando
Next generation sequencing has radically changed research in the life sciences, in both academic and corporate laboratories. The potential impact is tremendous, yet a majority of citizens have little or no understanding of the technological and ethical aspects of this widespread adoption. We designed BeerDeCoded as a pretext to discuss the societal issues related to genomic and metagenomic data with fellow citizens, while advancing scientific knowledge of the most popular beverage of all. In the spirit of citizen science, sample collection and DNA extraction were carried out with the participation of non-scientists in the community laboratory of Hackuarium, a not-for-profit organisation that supports unconventional research and promotes the public understanding of science...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123330/markov-logic-networks-for-adverse-drug-event-extraction-from-text
#7
Sriraam Natarajan, Vishal Bangera, Tushar Khot, Jose Picado, Anurag Wazalwar, Vitor Santos Costa, David Page, Michael Caldwell
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are a major concern and point of emphasis for the medical profession, government, and society. A diverse set of techniques from epidemiology, statistics, and computer science are being proposed and studied for ADE discovery from observational health data (e.g., EHR and claims data), social network data (e.g., Google and Twitter posts), and other information sources. Methodologies are needed for evaluating, quantitatively measuring, and comparing the ability of these various approaches to accurately discover ADEs...
May 2017: Knowledge and Information Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122843/multiorgan-multimodality-imaging-in-cardiometabolic-disease
#8
Vidhya Kumar, Willa A Hsueh, Subha V Raman
Cardiometabolic disease, spanning conditions such as obesity to type 2 diabetes mellitus with excess cardiovascular risk, represents a major public health burden. Advances in preclinical translational science point to potential targets across multiple organ systems for early intervention to improve cardiometabolic health. Validation in clinical trials and translation to care would benefit from in vivo diagnostic techniques that facilitate therapeutic advancements. This review provides a state-of-the-art, multimodality perspective spanning the multiple organ systems that contribute to cardiometabolic disease...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120342/topical-review-relaxation-processes-and-physical-aging-in-metallic-glasses
#9
Beatrice Ruta, Eloi Pineda, Zach Evenson
Since their discovery in the 1960s, metallic glasses have continuously attracted much interest across the physics and materials science communities. In the forefront are their unique properties, which hold the alluring promise of broad application in fields as diverse as medicine, environmental science and engineering. However, a major obstacle to their wide-spread commercial use is their inherent temporal instability arising from underlying relaxation processes that can dramatically alter their physical properties...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116062/-biobanks-as-the-basis-for-developing-biomedicine-problems-and-prospects
#10
O N Reznik, D O Kuzmin, A O Reznik
Biobanking is crucial for the development of life sciences in general and biomedical science in particular. A systematic study of stored biomaterials enables the discovery of new biomarkers for various physiological and pathophysiological states, identification of the drug targets, and validation of these findings in human population studies. During the last decades, the importance of biobanking has increased in parallel with the growth in their size from relatively small collections to very large national and international biorepositories...
September 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114113/managing-information-in-health-informatics
#11
REVIEW
Rodolfo A Fiorini, Izet Masic
Only once we agree upon our understanding of what words really mean can we debate whether a concept, represented by those words, is or not well represented significantly in specific application. Conceptual clarity and predicative/impredicative competence are the fundamental components for managing information more effectively in Health Informatics, Healthcare and Medicine applications, while promoting innovation and creativity. Medicine was always the art and science of healing. The science became more and more a mechanistic technology in Healthcare; the art was dropped altogether...
September 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111991/multiple-chemical-sensitivity-review-of-the-state-of-the-art-in-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-future-perspectives
#12
Sabrina Rossi, Alessio Pitidis
OBJECTIVE: Systematic bibliography analysis of about the last 17 years on multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) was carried out in order to detect new diagnostic and epidemiological evidence. The MCS is a complex syndrome that manifests as a result of exposure to a low level of various common contaminants. The etiology, diagnosis, and treatment are still debated among researchers. METHOD: Querying PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane library, both using some specific MESH terms combined with MESH subheadings and through free search, even by Google...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111342/the-use-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-stroke-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Ana Dionísio, Isabel Catarina Duarte, Miguel Patrício, Miguel Castelo-Branco
OBJECTIVES: Stroke is a leading cause of disability. Alternative and more effective techniques for stroke rehabilitation have been sought to overcome limitations of conventional therapies. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) arises as a promising tool in this context. This systematic review aims to provide a state of the art on the application of rTMS in stroke patients and to assess its effectiveness in clinical rehabilitation of motor function. METHODS: Studies included in this review were identified by searching PubMed and ISI Web of Science...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110562/report-of-the-13th-international-family-nursing-conference-the-art-and-science-of-family-nursing-transforming-health-for-families-pamplona-spain-2017
#14
Jane H Lassetter, June Andrews Horowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110256/philosophy-of-medicine-2017-reviewing-the-situation
#15
EDITORIAL
Patrick Daly
In this introduction to a special subsection of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics comprising separate reviews of the Springer Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine, The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine, and The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine, I compare the three texts with respect to their overall organization and their approach to the relation between the science and the art of medicine. I then indicate two areas that merit more explicit attention in developing a comprehensive philosophy of medicine going forward: health economics and systematic relations within the field as a whole...
November 6, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108565/analytical-nanoscience-and-nanotechnology-where-we-are-and-where-we-are-heading
#16
María Laura Soriano, Mohammed Zougagh, Miguel Valcárcel, Ángel Ríos
The main aim of this paper is to offer an objective and critical overview of the situation and trends in Analytical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (AN&N), which is an important break point in the evolution of Analytical Chemistry in the XXI century as they were computers and instruments in the second half of XX century. The first part of this overview is devoted to provide a general approach to AN&N by describing the state of the art of this recent topic, being the importance of it also emphasized. Secondly, particular but very relevant trends in this topic are outlined: the analysis of the nanoworld, the so "third way" in AN&N, the growing importance of bioanalysis, the evaluation of both nanosensors and nanosorbents, the impact of AN&N in bioimaging and in nanotoxicological studies, as well as the crucial importance of reliability of the nanotechnological processes and results for solving real analytical problems in the frame of Social Responsibility (SR) of science and technology...
January 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101657/prebiotics-and-bone
#17
Corrie M Whisner, Connie M Weaver
Recent advancements in food science have resulted in the extraction and synthesis of novel dietary fibers or prebiotics. Subsequently, great interest has emerged in developing strategies to improve metabolic conditions like osteoporosis by modulating the intestinal microbiome with fiber. Prebiotics have been shown to increase calcium absorption in the lower gut of both animals and humans as well as improve measures of bone mineral density and strength in rodent models. Fewer data are available in humans, but data from growing children and postmenopausal women suggest that prebiotics have both short- and long-term effects that beneficially affect bone turnover and mineral accretion in the skeleton...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101138/do-digital-innovations-for-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-work-results-from-a-systematic-review-1996-2017
#18
Jana Daher, Rohit Vijh, Blake Linthwaite, Sailly Dave, John Kim, Keertan Dheda, Trevor Peter, Nitika Pant Pai
OBJECTIVE: Digital innovations with internet/mobile phones offer a potential cost-saving solution for overburdened health systems with high service delivery costs to improve efficiency of HIV/STI (sexually transmitted infections) control initiatives. However, their overall evidence has not yet been appraised. We evaluated the feasibility and impact of all digital innovations for all HIV/STIs. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: All settings/all participants...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098226/histological-coherent-raman-imaging-a-prognostic-review
#19
REVIEW
Marcus T Cicerone, Charles H Camp
Histopathology plays a central role in diagnosis of many diseases including solid cancers. Efforts are underway to transform this subjective art to an objective and quantitative science. Coherent Raman imaging (CRI), a label-free imaging modality with sub-cellular spatial resolution and molecule-specific contrast possesses characteristics which could support the qualitative-to-quantitative transition of histopathology. In this work we briefly survey major themes related to modernization of histopathology, review applications of CRI to histopathology and, finally, discuss potential roles for CRI in the transformation of histopathology that is already underway...
November 3, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096493/local-metrics-error-based-shepard-interpolation-as-surrogate-for-highly-non-linear-material-models-in-high-dimensions
#20
Juan M Lorenzi, Thomas Stecher, Karsten Reuter, Sebastian Matera
Many problems in computational materials science and chemistry require the evaluation of expensive functions with locally rapid changes, such as the turn-over frequency of first principles kinetic Monte Carlo models for heterogeneous catalysis. Because of the high computational cost, it is often desirable to replace the original with a surrogate model, e.g., for use in coupled multiscale simulations. The construction of surrogates becomes particularly challenging in high-dimensions. Here, we present a novel version of the modified Shepard interpolation method which can overcome the curse of dimensionality for such functions to give faithful reconstructions even from very modest numbers of function evaluations...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
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