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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733271/telerehabilitation-review-of-the-state-of-the-art-and-areas-of-application
#1
REVIEW
Alessandro Peretti, Francesco Amenta, Seyed Khosrow Tayebati, Giulio Nittari, Syed Sarosh Mahdi
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine applications have been increasing due to the development of new computer science technologies and of more advanced telemedical devices. Various types of telerehabilitation treatments and their relative intensities and duration have been reported. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to provide a detailed overview of the rehabilitation techniques for remote sites (telerehabilitation) and their fields of application, with analysis of the benefits and the drawbacks related to use...
July 21, 2017: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731297/smart-capsules-for-lead-removal-from-industrial-wastewater
#2
Bartosz Tylkowski, Renata Jastrząb
Ground and especially drinking water could be contaminated by heavy metal ions such as lead and chromium, or the metalloid arsenic, discarded from industrial wastewater. These heavy metal ions are regarded as highly toxic pollutants which could cause a wide range of health problems in case of a long-term accumulation in the body. Thus, there have been many efforts to reduce the concentration of lead ions in effluent wastewater. They have included the establishment of stringent permissible discharge levels and management policies, the application of various pollution-control technologies, and the development of adsorbent materials for lead reduction...
April 10, 2017: Metal Ions in Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730811/atomic-mechanism-of-hybridization-dependent-surface-reconstruction-with-tailored-functionality-in-hexagonal-multiferroics
#3
Shiqing Deng, Shaobo Cheng, Changsong Xu, Binghui Ge, Xuefeng Sun, Rong Yu, Wenhui Duan, Jing Zhu
The broken symmetry along with anomalous defect structures and charging conditions at multiferroics surface can alter both crystal structures and electronic configurations, bringing in emergent physical properties. Extraordinary surface states are induced into original mutually-coupled order parameters in such strongly correlated oxides, which flourish in diverse properties, however remain less explored. Here, we report the peculiar surface ferroelectric states and reconfigurable functionalities driven by the relaxation of surface and consequent changes in O-2p and Y-4d orbital (p-d) hybridization within a representative hexagonal multiferroics YMnO3...
July 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728803/neural-foundations-of-creativity-a-systematic-review
#4
Stephanie Mullen Raymond
When considering the importance of the human cognitive function of creativity, we often overlook the fact that it is due to human creativity and to the constant search for new sensory stimuli that our world has, throughout the years, been one of innovation in every aspect of our existence -in the sciences, the humanities, and the arts. Almost everything that surrounds us is the result of human creativity, therefore it is not difficult to understand that although neuroscientific research has led to valuable perceptions into the probable underpinnings of this multifaceted ability, the precise neurological substrates that underlie creativity are yet to be determined...
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726082/undergraduate-minor-in-health-disparities-in-society-a-magnet-for-under-represented-pre-professional-students
#5
Laura K Guyer, Marta L Wayne, Nancy S Hardt
Increasing the diversity of tomorrow's healthcare work force remains a challenge despite many thoughtful published reports and recommendations. As part of an effort to grow a more diverse pre-professional health population, we created an undergraduate minor, Health Disparities in Society, at the University of Florida. Most courses for the minor were identified from existing offerings, and we created only two new courses, an introduction course and a capstone service-learning course. The new minor quickly became the most popular in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (which has approximately 12,000 total undergraduate students), and importantly, students selecting the minor were more likely to be under-represented minorities than would be expected given undergraduate demographics...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723709/delivering-prep-to-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-implementation-science-frontier
#6
Dvora L Joseph Davey, Linda-Gail Bekker, Pamina Gorbach, Thomas Coates, Landon Myer
: HIV acquisition during pregnancy and postpartum periods remains high despite increased access to and initiation of antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa. Moreover, maternal seroconversion during pregnancy and breastfeeding remains a source of significant paediatric HIV infection in the region. In order to curb vertical HIV transmission, HIV acquisition during pregnancy and lactation must significantly decline. Biological and behavioural factors contribute to high HIV incidence, including hormonal changes that alter genital mucosal surfaces, and frequent condomless sex with HIV-infected partners or partners of unknown serostatus...
July 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715367/microfluidic-imaging-flow-cytometry-by-asymmetric-detection-time-stretch-optical-microscopy-atom
#7
Anson H L Tang, Queenie T K Lai, Bob M F Chung, Kelvin C M Lee, Aaron T Y Mok, G K Yip, Anderson H C Shum, Kenneth K Y Wong, Kevin K Tsia
Scaling the number of measurable parameters, which allows for multidimensional data analysis and thus higher-confidence statistical results, has been the main trend in the advanced development of flow cytometry. Notably, adding high-resolution imaging capabilities allows for the complex morphological analysis of cellular/sub-cellular structures. This is not possible with standard flow cytometers. However, it is valuable for advancing our knowledge of cellular functions and can benefit life science research, clinical diagnostics, and environmental monitoring...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711721/-supporting-nursing-midwifery-and-allied-health-professional-students-to-raise-concerns-with-the-quality-of-care-a-review-of-the-research-literature
#8
REVIEW
Frank Milligan, Mark Wareing, Michael Preston-Shoot, Yannis Pappas, Gurch Randhawa, Janine Bhandol
BACKGROUND: This article reports aspects of a systematic literature review commissioned by the UK Council of Deans of Health. The review collated and analysed UK and international literature on pre-registration healthcare students raising concerns with poor quality care. The research found in that review is summarised here. OBJECTIVE: To review research on healthcare students raising concerns with regard to the quality of practice published from 2009 to the present...
June 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707853/the-east-india-company-the-company%C3%A2-s-museum-and-the-political-economy-of-natural-history-in-the-early-nineteenth-century
#9
Jessica Ratcliff
At the turn of the nineteenth century, at its headquarters in the City of London, the Honourable East India Company established a new museum and library. By midcentury this museum would contain one of Europe’s most extensive collections of the natural history, arts, and sciences of Asia. This essay uses the early history of the company’s museum, focusing in particular on its natural history collections, to explore the material relationship between scientific practice and the imperial political economy. Much of the collections had been gathered in the wake of military campaigns, trade missions, or administrative surveys...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707560/the-association-of-between-assisted-reproduction-technology-and-malpresentation-induction-of-labor-a-meta-analysis
#10
Ensiyeh Jenabi, Salman Khazaei
BACKGROUND: Some epidemiological studies have investigated that assisted reproduction technology (ART) can increase the risk of malpresentation and induction of labor. To date, no meta-analysis has been performed for assessing the relationship between ART and malpresention/induction of labor. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the association between ART and malpresention/induction of labor. METHODS: A systematic search was carried out in major databases PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus to May 2017...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705690/color-weight-photometry
#11
Jan Koenderink, Andrea van Doorn, Karl Gegenfurtner
We study the "color weight" for a number of rather different paradigms. In well researched heterochromatic photometry methods we find that the "weights" determined by settings of naive observers are closely determined by the CIE luminance functional. This is very different for tasks that involve mid- and high-level aspects of perception. In several cases we find equipollence for the display red, green and blue channels. Moreover, in such cases the very nonlinear maximum-rule fits the data rather better than a linear functional...
July 19, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698778/eric-kandel-s-reductionism-in-art-and-brain-science-bridging-the-two-cultures
#12
Ed Bilsky
Reductive art is a term to describe an artistic style or an aesthetic, rather than an art movement. It is stripping down as a new way of seeing. Movements and other terms that are sometimes associated with reductive art include abstract art, minimalism, ABC art, anti-illusionism, cool art, and rejective art. Eric Kandel's fifth book focuses on reductionism as the principle guiding an ongoing dialogue between the worlds of science and art.
May 2017: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694844/a-synthetic-biology-approach-to-engineering-living-photovoltaics
#13
N Schuergers, C Werlang, C M Ajo-Franklin, A A Boghossian
The ability to electronically interface living cells with electron accepting scaffolds is crucial for the development of next-generation biophotovoltaic technologies. Although recent studies have focused on engineering synthetic interfaces that can maximize electronic communication between the cell and scaffold, the efficiency of such devices is limited by the low conductivity of the cell membrane. This review provides a materials science perspective on applying a complementary, synthetic biology approach to engineering membrane-electrode interfaces...
May 1, 2017: Energy & Environmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691292/anzup-scientific-program-and-pre-conference-meetings-2017-the-art-and-science-of-best-practice
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691288/anzup-annual-scientific-meeting-the-art-science-of-best-practice-16-18-july-2017-pullman-albert-park-melbourne-vic-australia
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689083/management-of-hereditary-antithrombin-deficiency-in-pregnancy
#16
Andra H James, Shannon M Bates, Kenneth A Bauer, Ware Branch, Kenneth Mann, Michael Paidas, Neil Silverman, Barbara A Konkle
Antithrombin (AT) deficiency is a high-risk thrombophilia and a rare condition. Despite full anticoagulation during pregnancy and the postpartum period, women with AT deficiency may still be vulnerable to developing venous thromboembolism (VTE), including fatal events. There is limited guidance on the management of AT deficiency in pregnancy, including the role of AT concentrates. Following a comprehensive review of the state of the art with respect to recommendations and guidelines, our expert panel in maternal-fetal medicine, hematology and basic science reached consensus on key issues in the recognition and management of AT deficiency in pregnancy...
May 24, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688780/relationship-between-processing-history-and-functionality-recovery-after-rehydration-of-dried-cellulose-based-suspensions-a-critical-review
#17
REVIEW
Isabelle Déléris, Joël Wallecan
Cellulose-based suspensions have raised more and more attention due to their broad range of properties that can be used in paper industry and material science but also in medicine, nanotechnology and food science. Their final functionality is largely dependent on their processing history and notably the structural modifications that occur during drying and rehydration. The purpose of this work is to make a state-of-the-art contribution to the mechanisms involved in the process-structure-function relationships of cellulose-based hydrogels...
June 30, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686213/a-study-of-vicon-system-positioning-performance
#18
Pierre Merriaux, Yohan Dupuis, Rémi Boutteau, Pascal Vasseur, Xavier Savatier
Motion capture setups are used in numerous fields. Studies based on motion capture data can be found in biomechanical, sport or animal science. Clinical science studies include gait analysis as well as balance, posture and motor control. Robotic applications encompass object tracking. Today's life applications includes entertainment or augmented reality. Still, few studies investigate the positioning performance of motion capture setups. In this paper, we study the positioning performance of one player in the optoelectronic motion capture based on markers: Vicon system...
July 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684301/impact-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-on-the-prevalence-of-oral-lesions-in-hiv-positive-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
V L de Almeida, I F P Lima, P K Ziegelmann, L R Paranhos, F R de Matos
The aim of this study was to determine whether highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is associated with the prevalence of oral lesions in HIV-positive patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses). The search was conducted in seven electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, SciELO, LILACS, Embase, Web of Science, and OpenGrey), without restriction on publication period or language...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684014/the-evolution-of-empathy-research-models-muddles-and-mechanisms
#20
Richard M Frankel
The word empathy enters the English language in 1909, translated incompletely from German by a British-born psychologist interested in introspection. In the ensuing 100+ years, the term has been defined in a range of different ways by researchers and scholars. The biopsychosocial framework developed by George Engel comes closest to capturing empathy as a biological, psychological and social phenomenon. In this paper, I explore the psychological and social/communicative dimensions of empathy. Psychologists ask the question, How does the capacity for empathy vary across individuals? By contrast, interaction scholars ask, How is empathy communicated from one person (a healthcare provider) to another (a sufferer)? A communication focus involves the accuracy and impact of empathic communication as evidenced in a sufferer's response...
May 5, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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