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Estrogen dominance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339573/augmented-h2s-production-via-cystathionine-beta-synthase-upregulation-plays-a-role-in-pregnancy-associated-uterine-vasodilation%C3%A2
#1
Lili Sheibani, Thomas J Lechuga, Honghai Zhang, Afshan Hameed, Deborah A Wing, Sathish Kumar, Charles R Rosenfeld, Dong-Bao Chen
Endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) synthesized via metabolizing L-cysteine by cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CSE) is a potent vasodilator and angiogenic factor. The objectives of this study were to determine if human uterine artery (UA) H2S production increases with augmented expression and/or activity of CBS and/or CSE during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy and whether exogenous H2S dilates UA. Uterine arteries from nonpregnant (NP) premenopausal proliferative (pPRM) and secretory (sPRM) phases of the menstrual cycle and pregnant (P) women were studied...
January 24, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334234/breast-cancer-risk-associated-variants-at-6q25-1-influence-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-chinese-population
#2
Jiaoyuan Li, Ying Wang, Ying Zhu, Yajie Gong, Yang Yang, Jianbo Tian, Yi Zhang, Danyi Zou, Xiating Peng, Juntao Ke, Jing Gong, Rong Zhong, Jiang Chang
The gender disparity observed in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) suggests an important role of estrogens in HCC pathogenesis. In this study, we conducted a case-control study to investigate whether breast cancer risk-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located at estrogens loci identified by genome-wide association studies (GWASs) also predispose to HCC in a Chinese population. Three candidate SNPs at 6q25.1 were genotyped in 2,025 HCC cases and 2,032 healthy controls. Differential expression analyses and expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analyses were conducted to further explore the role of significant SNPs and genes they reside in...
March 3, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330720/attenuation-of-uvr-induced-vitamin-d3-synthesis-in-a-mouse-model-deleted-for-keratinocyte-lathosterol-5-desaturase
#3
Anastasia M Makarova, Saloni Pasta, Gordon Watson, Cedric Shackleton, Ervin H Epstein
The lower risk of some internal cancers at lower latitudes has been linked to greater sun exposure and consequent higher levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-produced vitamin D3 (D3). To separate the experimental effects of sunlight and of all forms of D3, a mouse in which UVR does not produce D3 would be useful. To this end we have generated mice carrying a modified allele of sterol C5-desaturase (Sc5d), the gene encoding the enzyme that converts lathosterol to 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC), such that Sc5d expression can be inactivated using the Cre/lox site-specific recombination system...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301550/mammary-epithelial-cell-phenotype-disruption-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-through-eralpha36-overexpression
#4
Charlène Thiebaut, Clémence Chamard-Jovenin, Amand Chesnel, Chloé Morel, El-Hadi Djermoune, Taha Boukhobza, Hélène Dumond
Estrogen receptor alpha 36 (ERα36) is a variant of the canonical estrogen receptor alpha (ERα66), widely expressed in hormone sensitive cancer cells and whose high expression level correlates with a poor survival prognosis for breast cancer patients. While ERα36 activity have been related to breast cancer progression or acquired resistance to treatment, expression level and location of ERα36 are poorly documented in the normal mammary gland. Therefore, we explored the consequences of a ERα36 overexpression in vitro in MCF-10A normal mammary epithelial cells and in vivo in a unique model of MMTV-ERα36 transgenic mouse strain wherein ERα36 mRNA was specifically expressed in the mammary gland...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277543/estrogen-receptors-in-granulosa-cells-govern-meiotic-resumption-of-pre-ovulatory-oocytes-in-mammals
#5
Wei Liu, Qiliang Xin, Xiao Wang, Sheng Wang, Huarong Wang, Wenqiang Zhang, Ye Yang, Yanhao Zhang, Zhiyuan Zhang, Chao Wang, Yang Xu, Enkui Duan, Guoliang Xia
In mammals, oocytes are arrested at the diplotene stage of meiosis I until the pre-ovulatory luteinizing hormone (LH) surge triggers meiotic resumption through the signals in follicular granulosa cells. In this study, we show that the estradiol (E2)-estrogen receptors (ERs) system in follicular granulosa cells has a dominant role in controlling oocyte meiotic resumption in mammals. We found that the expression of ERs was controlled by gonadotropins under physiological conditions. E2-ERs system was functional in maintaining oocyte meiotic arrest by regulating the expression of natriuretic peptide C and natriuretic peptide receptor 2 (NPPC/NPR2), which was achieved through binding to the promoter regions of Nppc and Npr2 genes directly...
March 9, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271698/ovarian-cancer-in-endometriosis-clinical-and-molecular-aspects-an-update
#6
Rachel Ruderman, Mary E Pavone
While endometriosis is a benign condition, the presence of endometriosis has been associated with the development of several types of cancers, including ovarian. Endometriomas, or ovarian endometriotic cysts, are found in 17-44% of patients with endometriosis, and may be a common precursor lesions to ovarian cancer. Endometriosis associated ovarian cancer is especially prominent in endometrioid and clear cell ovarian tumor histological subtypes. Several common pathways linking endometriosis and ovarian cancer have been elucidated, including the dominance of certain cytokines, oxidative stress, and a hyper-estrogenic hormonal milieu, which propagate both endometriosis and endometriosis associated ovarian cancer...
March 7, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263188/estrogens-enhance-myoblast-differentiation-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-by-antagonizing-dux4-activity
#7
Emanuela Teveroni, Marsha Pellegrino, Sabrina Sacconi, Patrizia Calandra, Isabella Cascino, Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Angela Puma, Matteo Garibaldi, Roberta Morosetti, Giorgio Tasca, Enzo Ricci, Carlo Pietro Trevisan, Giuliana Galluzzi, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Marco Crescenzi, Giancarlo Deidda, Fabiola Moretti
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal dominant neuromuscular disorder that is characterized by extreme variability in symptoms, with females being less severely affected than males and presenting a higher proportion of asymptomatic carriers. The sex-related factors involved in the disease are not known. Here, we have utilized myoblasts isolated from FSHD patients (FSHD myoblasts) to investigate the effect of estrogens on muscle properties. Our results demonstrated that estrogens counteract the differentiation impairment of FSHD myoblasts without affecting cell proliferation or survival...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247270/the-importance-of-nano-porosity-in-the-stalk-derived-biochar-to-the-sorption-of-17%C3%AE-estradiol-and-retention-of-it-in-the-greenhouse-soil
#8
Fengsong Zhang, Yanxia Li, Guixiang Zhang, Wei Li, Lingsheng Yang
Natural estrogens in greenhouse soils with long-term manure application are becoming a potential threat to adjacent aquatic environment. Porous stalk biochar as a cost-effective adsorbent of estrogen has a strong potential to reduce their transportation from soil to waters. But the dominant adsorption mechanism of estrogen to stalk biochars and retention of estrogen by greenhouse soils amended with biochar are less well known. Element, function groups, total surface area (SAtotal), nano-pores of stalk biochars, and chemical structure of 17β-estradiol (E2, length 1...
February 28, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118068/quality-of-life-in-climacteric-women
#9
H P G Schneider, M Birkhäuser
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) refers to the effects of an individual's physical state on all aspects of psychosocial functioning. For postmenopausal women, HRQoL is the only global criterion that is decisive for their daily well-being. Symptoms experienced during menopause and sociodemographic characteristics affect quality of life in postmenopausal women. In younger, symptomatic, postmenopausal women, HRQoL may be significantly diminished. However, quality of life after menopause is influenced by many additional, non-menopausal factors...
January 24, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115579/the-role-of-sex-steroids-in-white-adipose-tissue-adipocyte-function
#10
REVIEW
A E Newell-Fugate
With the increasing knowledge that gender influences normal physiology, much biomedical research has begun to focus on the differential effects of sex on tissue function. Sexual dimorphism in mammals is due to the combined effects of both genetic and hormonal factors. Hormonal factors are mutable particularly in females in whom the estrous cycle dominates the hormonal milieu. Given the severity of the obesity epidemic and the fact that there are differences in the obesity rates in men and women, the role of sex in white adipose tissue function is being recognized as increasingly important...
April 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105936/pathways-of-aging-comparative-analysis-of-gene-signatures-in-replicative-senescence-and-stress-induced-premature-senescence
#11
Kamil C Kural, Neetu Tandon, Mikhail Skoblov, Olga V Kel-Margoulis, Ancha V Baranova
BACKGROUND: In culturing normal diploid cells, senescence may either happen naturally, in the form of replicative senescence, or it may be a consequence of external challenges such as oxidative stress. Here we present a comparative analysis aimed at reconstruction of molecular cascades specific for replicative (RS) and stressinduced senescence (SIPS) in human fibroblasts. RESULTS: An involvement of caspase-3/keratin-18 pathway and serine/threonine kinase Aurora A/ MDM2 pathway was shared between RS and SIPS...
December 28, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040605/g-protein-coupled-receptor-34-in-ovarian-granulosa-cells-of-cattle-changes-during-follicular-development-and-potential-functional-implications
#12
L J Spicer, L F Schütz, J A Williams, N B Schreiber, J R Evans, M L Totty, J N Gilliam
Abundance of G protein-coupled receptor 34 (GPR34) mRNA is greater in granulosa cells (GCs) of cystic vs normal follicles of cattle. The present experiments were designed to determine if GPR34 mRNA in granulosa cell [GC] changes during selection and growth of dominant follicles in cattle as well as to investigate the hormonal regulation of GPR34 mRNA in bovine GC in vitro. In Exp. 1, estrous cycles of nonlactating cows were synchronized and then ovariectomized on either day 3-4 or 5-6 after ovulation. GPR34 mRNA abundance in GC was 2...
April 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027219/cancer-risk-after-fat-transfer-a-multicenter-case-cohort-study
#13
Terence M Myckatyn, I Janelle Wagner, Babak J Mehrara, Melissa A Crosby, Julie E Park, Bahjat F Qaqish, Dominic T Moore, Evan L Busch, Amanda K Silva, Surinder Kaur, David W Ollila, Clara N Lee
BACKGROUND: Fat transfer is an increasingly popular method for refining postmastectomy breast reconstructions. However, concern persists that fat transfer may promote disease recurrence. Adipocytes are derived from adipose-derived stem cells and express adipocytokines that can facilitate active breast cancer cells in laboratory models. The authors sought to evaluate the association between fat transfer to the reconstructed breast and cancer recurrence in patients diagnosed with local or regional invasive breast cancers...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013033/differential-sensitivity-to-estrogen-induced-opsin-expression-in-two-poeciliid-freshwater-fish-species
#14
Caitlin N Friesen, Mary E Ramsey, Molly E Cummings
The sensory system shapes an individual's perception of the world, including social interactions with conspecifics, habitat selection, predator detection, and foraging behavior. Sensory signaling can be modulated by steroid hormones, making these processes particularly vulnerable to environmental perturbations. Here we examine the influence of exogenous estrogen manipulation on the visual physiology of female western mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) and sailfin mollies (Poecilia latipinna), two poeciliid species that inhabit freshwater environments across the southern United States...
December 21, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008325/lactobacilli-dominance-and-vaginal-ph-why-is-the-human-vaginal-microbiome-unique
#15
Elizabeth A Miller, DeAnna E Beasley, Robert R Dunn, Elizabeth A Archie
The human vaginal microbiome is dominated by bacteria from the genus Lactobacillus, which create an acidic environment thought to protect women against sexually transmitted pathogens and opportunistic infections. Strikingly, lactobacilli dominance appears to be unique to humans; while the relative abundance of lactobacilli in the human vagina is typically >70%, in other mammals lactobacilli rarely comprise more than 1% of vaginal microbiota. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain humans' unique vaginal microbiota, including humans' distinct reproductive physiology, high risk of STDs, and high risk of microbial complications linked to pregnancy and birth...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994939/pointwise-mutual-information-quantifies-intratumor-heterogeneity-in-tissue-sections-labeled-with-multiple-fluorescent-biomarkers
#16
Daniel M Spagnolo, Rekha Gyanchandani, Yousef Al-Kofahi, Andrew M Stern, Timothy R Lezon, Albert Gough, Dan E Meyer, Fiona Ginty, Brion Sarachan, Jeffrey Fine, Adrian V Lee, D Lansing Taylor, S Chakra Chennubhotla
BACKGROUND: Measures of spatial intratumor heterogeneity are potentially important diagnostic biomarkers for cancer progression, proliferation, and response to therapy. Spatial relationships among cells including cancer and stromal cells in the tumor microenvironment (TME) are key contributors to heterogeneity. METHODS: We demonstrate how to quantify spatial heterogeneity from immunofluorescence pathology samples, using a set of 3 basic breast cancer biomarkers as a test case...
2016: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976818/selenophenes-introducing-a-new-element-into-the-core-of-non-steroidal-estrogen-receptor-ligands
#17
Silong Zhang, Zhiyong Wang, Zhiye Hu, Changhao Li, Chu Tang, Kathryn E Carlson, Junjie Luo, Chune Dong, John A Katzenellenbogen, Jian Huang, Hai-Bing Zhou
The importance of the heterocyclic core elements with peripheral phenolic and alkyl substituents as a dominant structural motif of ligands for the estrogen receptor (ER) has been well recognized. In this study we expanded the structural diversity of core elements by preparing selenium-containing heterocycles and exploring the activities of these selenophenes on the two ERs, ERα and ERβ. Careful structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis of their ER binding affinities showed that most selenophenes are ERβ-selective, with the position of the phenol substituents on the selenophene core and the nature of these substituents having a marked effect on their binding affinities...
February 3, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974267/phytoestrogens-and-sterols-in-waters-with-cyanobacterial-blooms-%C3%A2-analytical-methods-and-estrogenic-potencies
#18
Tereza Procházková, Eliška Sychrová, Barbora Javůrková, Jaroslava Večerková, Jiří Kohoutek, Olga Lepšová-Skácelová, Luděk Bláha, Klára Hilscherová
Compounds with estrogenic potencies and their adverse effects in surface waters have received much attention. Both anthropogenic and natural compounds contribute to overall estrogenic activity in freshwaters. Recently, estrogenic potencies were also found to be associated with cyanobacteria and their blooms in surface waters. The present study developed and compared the solid phase extraction and LC-MS/MS analytical approaches for determination of phytoestrogens (8 flavonoids - biochanin A, coumestrol, daidzein, equol, formononetin, genistein, naringenin, apigenin - and 5 sterols - ergosterol, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, brassicasterol) and cholesterol in water...
March 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915075/building-the-case-for-a-novel-teleost-model-of-non-breeding-aggression-and-its-neuroendocrine-control
#19
Laura Quintana, Lucía Zubizarreta, Cecilia Jalabert, Gervasio Batista, Rossana Perrone, Ana Silva
In vertebrates, aggression has been traditionally associated with high levels of circulating androgens in breeding males. Nevertheless, the centrality of androgens as primary modulators of aggression is being reconsidered in at least in two particular cases: (1) territorial aggression outside the breeding season, and (2) aggression by females. We are developing the weakly electric fish, Gymnotus omarorum, as a novel, advantageous model system to address these two alternative forms of aggression. This species displays a short, escalated contest, after which a clear hierarchical status emerges...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903677/combined-inhibition-of-both-p110%C3%AE-and-p110%C3%AE-isoforms-of-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-is-required-for-sustained-therapeutic-effect-in-pten-deficient-er-breast-cancer
#20
Sarah R Hosford, Lloye M Dillon, Stephanie J Bouley, Rachele Rosati, Wei Yang, Vivian S Chen, Eugene Demidenko, Rocco P Morra, Todd W Miller
PURPOSE: Determine the roles of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) isoforms p110α and p110β in PTEN-deficient, estrogen receptor α (ER)-positive breast cancer, and the therapeutic potential of isoform-selective inhibitors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Anti-estrogen-sensitive and -resistant PTEN-deficient, ER+ human breast cancer cell lines, and mice bearing anti-estrogen-resistant xenografts were treated with the anti-estrogen fulvestrant, the p110α inhibitor BYL719, the p110β inhibitor GSK2636771, or combinations...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
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