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Estrogen dominence

T V Lisovskaya, G B Mal'gina, T A Perepletina, M A Chistyakov, I V Dan'kova, O A Melkozerova
AIM: The purpose of the study was to investigate the morphological features of endometrium in patients with viral hepatitis type C. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A morphological survey was conducted involving endometrium sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin and Van Gieson's picrofuchsin collected from 140 women of reproductive age, among them 70 patients were diagnosed with chronic hepatitis type C (CHC) infection with minimal (40 patients) and moderate activity (30 patients), and 70 women suffered from endometrial proliferative diseases without viral hepatitis (comparison group)...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Charli S Davies, Kendra N Smyth, Lydia K Greene, Debbie A Walsh, Jessica Mitchell, Tim Clutton-Brock, Christine M Drea
In vertebrates, reproductive endocrine concentrations are strongly differentiated by sex, with androgen biases typifying males and estrogen biases typifying females. These sex differences can be reduced in female-dominant species; however, even the most masculinised of females have less testosterone (T) than do conspecific males. To test if aggressively dominant, female meerkats (Suricata suricatta) may be hormonally masculinised, we measured serum androstenedione (A4), T and estradiol (E2) in both sexes and social classes, during both 'baseline' and reproductive events...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Katharina Vejdovszky, Verena Schmidt, Benedikt Warth, Doris Marko
SCOPE: The isoflavone genistein, present in soy-based food and dietary supplements, is known for its estrogenic potential. In addition to phytoestrogens, food may also contain mycotoxins with estrogenic properties like zearalenone or alternariol, raising the question on potential combinatory effects of these xenoestrogens. METHODS AND RESULTS: Combinatory estrogenic effects of genistein with zeralenone or alternariol were studied in the human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line Ishikawa as expression of alkaline phosphatase (AlP) activity...
October 14, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Yan-Hua Liu, Sheng-Hu Zhang, Gui-Xiang Ji, Sheng-Min Wu, Rui-Xin Guo, Jie Cheng, Zheng-Yu Yan, Jian-Qiu Chen
The occurrence and distribution of eight selected endocrine-disrupting chemicals were investigated in samples of surface water and suspended particulate matter (SPM) in Nanjing section of Yangtze River over a year (the flow period, the wet period and the dry period). All target compounds were detected at least once in surface water with 4-tert-butylphenol (4-TBP), nonyphenol (NP) and bisphenol A (BPA) as the dominant compounds, with concentrations in the range of 225-1121ng/L, 1.4-858ng/L and 1.7-563ng/L, respectively...
October 6, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Vishnu Prasad Adhikari, Lin-Jie Lu, Ling-Quan Kong
Lifestyle and family history are two of the most important risk factors for breast cancer (BC). However, these risk factors cannot explain the differences in the incidence and early BC onset among Chinese females compared to their western counterparts. We propose in this hypothesis the potential mechanism of indirect oncogenesis of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in causing BC through its persistence as occult infection and continuous replication with long term subtle liver damage. Estrogen is mainly deactivated in the liver and long term necro-inflammatory damage to liver may result in persistent high level of estrogen, which is a dominant risk factor for BC...
September 12, 2016: Chinese Clinical Oncology
Yukun Liu, Yayun Yao, Huan Li, Fang Qiao, Junlin Wu, Zhen-Yu Du, Meiling Zhang
Gender is one of the factors influencing the intestinal microbial composition in mammals, but whether fish also have gender-specific intestinal microbial patterns remains unknown. In this decade, endocrine disrupting chemicals in surface and ground water of many areas and increasing observation of freshwater male fish displaying female sexual characteristics have been reported. Here we identified the difference in intestinal microbiota between male and female zebrafish, and revealed the influence of endocrine disrupting chemicals on zebrafish intestinal microbiota by using high-throughput sequencing...
2016: PloS One
Kenetta L Nunn, Larry J Forney
Four Lactobacillus species, namely L. crispatus , L. iners, L. gasseri, and L. jensenii, commonly dominate the vaginal communities of most reproductive-age women. It is unclear why these particular species, and not others, are so prevalent. Historically, estrogen-induced glycogen production by the vaginal epithelium has been proffered as being key to supporting the proliferation of vaginal lactobacilli. However, the 'fly in the ointment' (that has been largely ignored) is that the species of Lactobacillus commonly found in the human vagina cannot directly metabolize glycogen...
September 2016: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Kathrine Eggers Pedersen, Robert J Letcher, Christian Sonne, Rune Dietz, Bjarne Styrishave
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are emerging in the Arctic and accumulate in brain tissues of East Greenland (EG) polar bears. In vitro studies have shown that PFASs might possess endocrine disrupting abilities and therefore the present study was conducted to investigate potential PFAS induced alterations in brain steroid concentrations. The concentrations of eleven steroid hormones were determined in eight brain regions from ten EG polar bears. Pregnenolone (PRE), the dominant progestagen, was found in mean concentrations of 5-47ng/g (ww) depending on brain region...
September 27, 2016: Environment International
Catherine T Clinard, Abigail K Barnes, Samuel G Adler, Matthew A Cooper
Winning aggressive disputes is one of several experiences that can alter responses to future stressful events. We have previously tested dominant and subordinate male Syrian hamsters in a conditioned defeat model and found that dominant individuals show less change in behavior following social defeat stress compared to subordinates and controls, indicating a reduced conditioned defeat response. Resistance to the effects of social defeat in dominants is experience-dependent and requires the maintenance of dominance relationships for 14days...
September 9, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
L F Schütz, N B Schreiber, J N Gilliam, C Cortinovis, M L Totty, F Caloni, J R Evans, L J Spicer
Fibroblast growth factor 9 (FGF9) has been suggested to act as an antidifferentiation factor in cattle by reducing steroidogenesis and increasing cell proliferation in granulosa (GC) and theca (TC) cells. The objective of this study was to characterize FGF9 mRNA abundance in GC and TC during development of dominant follicles in dairy cattle. Estrous cycles of nonlactating dairy cattle were synchronized, and ovaries were collected on either d 3 to 4 (n = 8) or 5 to 6 (n = 8) postovulation for GC and TC RNA extraction from small (1-5 mm), medium (5...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Jun Yamada, Jun Hatabe, Kaori Tankyo, Shozo Jinno
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is associated with various brain functions, such as learning, memory, and emotion. Intriguingly, reduction in new cell production in the hippocampus in middle age may underlie some of the cognitive deficits. Among several factors that may affect adult hippocampal neurogenesis, estrogens have been suggested to be critically involved in the cognitive impairment of postmenopausal women. Phytoestrogens, such as daidzein and genistein, are expected to work as estrogen substitutes. In this study, we aimed to clarify the effects of daidzein on adult hippocampal neurogenesis using middle-aged (12-month-old) female mice...
December 2016: Neuropharmacology
Jian Ji, Pei Zhu, Fuwei Pi, Chao Sun, Hui Jiang, Jiadi Sun, Xiumei Wang, Yinzhi Zhang, Xiulan Sun
The actual health risk from exposure to combined mycotoxins is unknown, and few studies have focused on changes to cellular biological systems (e.g., metabolomics) caused by combined mycotoxic effects. To evaluate the combined mycotoxic effects of deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) on the level of cellular biological systems, gas chromatographic, time-of-flight mass spectroscopy (GC-TOF/MS) of the complete murine macrophage ANA-1 cell metabolome was implemented in this study. Using optimized chromatography and mass spectrometry parameters, the metabolites detected by GC-TOF/MS were identified and processed using multivariate statistical analysis, including principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal projection on latent-structures discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA)...
September 15, 2016: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Rohen White, Tamara Dinneen, Andreas Makris
PURPOSE: The outcomes and recurrence patterns for patients with combined clinical stage II and III breast cancer treated with local but not regional radiotherapy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and surgery are poorly documented. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database comprised of breast cancer patients who received NAC at our institution. 172 patients met the specified criteria of receiving NAC, surgery inclusive of axillary nodal dissection and post-operative local (but not regional) radiotherapy...
2016: Radiation Oncology
Alicia L Muhleisen, Melissa M Herbst-Kralovetz
For over a century it has been well documented that bacteria in the vagina maintain vaginal homeostasis, and that an imbalance or dysbiosis may be associated with poor reproductive and gynecologic health outcomes. Vaginal microbiota are of particular significance to postmenopausal women and may have a profound effect on vulvovaginal atrophy, vaginal dryness, sexual health and overall quality of life. As molecular-based techniques have evolved, our understanding of the diversity and complexity of this bacterial community has expanded...
September 2016: Maturitas
Changkai Deng, Rong Dai, Xuliang Li, Feng Liu
OBJECTIVE: Some studies have been carried out to evaluate the association between SNP12 in estrogen receptor 1 and cryptorchidism, but the results remain inconsistent. We carried out a meta-analysis to explore the association between this polymorphism and cryptorchidism risk. METHODS: All eligible studies were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library. Pooled odds ratios, with 95 % confidence intervals, were assessed for the association using fixed- and random-effects models...
October 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Adam R Schwindt, Dana L Winkelman
Urban freshwater streams in arid climates are wastewater effluent dominated ecosystems particularly impacted by bioactive chemicals including steroid estrogens that disrupt vertebrate reproduction. However, more understanding of the population and ecological consequences of exposure to wastewater effluent is needed. We used empirically derived vital rate estimates from a mesocosm study to develop a stochastic stage-structured population model and evaluated the effect of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), the estrogen in human contraceptive pills, on fathead minnow Pimephales promelas stochastic population growth rate...
September 2016: Ecotoxicology
Mako Ogino, Mayuko Ichimura, Noriko Nakano, Akari Minami, Yasuko Kitagishi, Satoru Matsuda
Oxidative stress is considered to play key roles in aging and pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease, which could bring DNA damage by cells. The DNA damage may lead to the cell apoptosis, which could contribute to the degeneration of neuronal tissues. Recent evidence suggests that PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10) may be involved in the pathophysiology of the neurodegenerative disorders. Since PTEN expression appears to be one dominant determinant of the neuronal cell death, PTEN should be a potential molecular target of novel therapeutic strategies against Parkinson's disease...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Stephanie K Guest, Ricardo Ribas, Sunil Pancholi, Joanna Nikitorowicz-Buniak, Nikiana Simigdala, Mitch Dowsett, Stephen R Johnston, Lesley-Ann Martin
Despite the effectiveness of endocrine therapies in estrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer, approximately 40% of patients relapse. Previously, we identified the Focal-adhesion kinase canonical pathway as a major contributor of resistance to estrogen deprivation and cellular-sarcoma kinase (c-src) as a dominant gene in this pathway. Dasatinib, a pan-src inhibitor, has recently been used in clinical trials to treat ER+ patients but has shown mixed success. In the following study, using isogenic cell line models, we provide a potential explanation for these findings and suggest a sub-group that may benefit...
2016: PloS One
Emmanuelle Sarzi, Marie Seveno, Claire Angebault, Dan Milea, Cecilia Rönnbäck, Melanie Quilès, Mathias Adrian, Joanna Grenier, Angélique Caignard, Annie Lacroux, Christian Lavergne, Pascal Reynier, Michael Larsen, Christian P Hamel, Guy Lenaers, Agnès Müller
OPA1 mutations are responsible for Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy (ADOA), a progressive blinding disease characterized by retinal ganglion cell (RGC) degeneration and large phenotypic variations, the underlying mechanisms of which are poorly understood. OPA1 encodes a mitochondrial protein with essential biological functions, its main roles residing in the control of mitochondrial membrane dynamics as a pro-fusion protein and prevention of apoptosis. Considering recent findings showing the importance of the mitochondrial fusion process and the involvement of OPA1 in controlling steroidogenesis, we tested the hypothesis of deregulated steroid production in retina due to a disease-causing OPA1 mutation and its contribution to the visual phenotypic variations...
June 3, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Mana Hirano, Osamu Wada-Hiraike, Houju Fu, Nana Akino, Wataru Isono, Ayako Sakurabashi, Tomohiko Fukuda, Yoshihiro Morita, Michihiro Tanikawa, Yuichiro Miyamoto, Yoshihiro Nishi, Toshihiko Yanase, Miyuki Harada, Hajime Oishi, Tetsu Yano, Kaori Koga, Katsutoshi Oda, Kei Kawana, Tomoyuki Fujii, Yutaka Osuga
Germline mutations of the fork-head transcriptional factor forkhead box L2 (FOXL2) predispose embryos to autosomal-dominant blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome with primary ovarian insufficiency in female patients, but the mechanisms of FOXL2 in ovarian follicular development remain elusive. Estrogens produced by ovarian granulosa cells and estrogen receptor (ER) α and ERβ play fundamental roles in ovarian pathophysiology, and a previous study revealed that ERα and ERβ physically interact with FOXL2...
June 1, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
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