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Estrogen dominence

Tiehua Zhang, Shuning Zhong, Ligang Hou, Tiezhu Li, XiaoJia Xing, Tianzhu Guan, Jie Zhang, Yongjun Wang
Coumarins and meroterpene from the fruits of Cullen corylifolium were evaluated for their ability to bind and activate human estrogen receptor α (hERα) by a combination of in vitro studies and molecular dynamics simulations. The recombinant hERα ligand binding domain (hERα-LBD) was produced in BL21 (DE3)pLysS and the fluorescence polarization (FP) assay was performed to determine the binding affinities of coumarins and meroterpene with receptor protein. These compounds displayed distinct binding potency toward hERα-LBD, generally increased with their increasing molecular length and Connolly solvent-excluded volume (CSEV)...
May 14, 2018: Phytochemistry
Ramit Singla, Kunal Prakash, Kunj Bihari Gupta, Shishir Upadhyay, Monisha Dhiman, Vikas Jaitak
In the present study, we have designed and synthesized indole derivatives by coalescing the indole nucleus with chromene carbonitrile and dihydropyridine nucleus. Two compounds 5c and 6d were selected from series I and II after sequential combinatorial library generation, docking, absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) filtering, anti-proliferative activity, cytotoxicity, and ER-α competitor assay kit by utilizing estrogen receptor-α (ER-α) dominant T47D BC cells line and PBMCs (Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells)...
April 24, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
Åsa Wickberg, Göran Liljegren, Fredrika Killander, Henrik Lindman, Judith Bjöhle, Michael Carlberg, Carl Blomqvist, Johan Ahlgren, Kenneth Villman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to verify if radiotherapy (RT) safely can be omitted in older women treated for estrogen-receptor positive early breast cancer with breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and endocrine therapy (ET). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligibility criteria were: consecutive patients with age ≥65 years, BCS + sentinel node biopsy, clear margins, unifocal T1N0M0 breast cancer tumor, Elston-Ellis histological grade 1 or 2 and estrogen receptor-positive tumor...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Zhen-Lian Zhang, Cui-Zhen Zhang, Yan Li, Zhen-Hui Zhao, Shun-E Yang
BACKGROUND: Estrogen has played an important role in the development of breast cancer. ER-α PvuII gene polymorphism is in close association with the occurrence risk of breast cancer, but no consensus has been achieved currently. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, Wanfang database, and VIP database were retrieved to collect the case-control studies on association between ERα gene Pvu II polymorphism and breast cancer risk published before September 1, 2017...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
G Rajesh, S R Mishra, A Paul, M Punetha, G M Vidyalakshmi, K Narayanan, S Bag, S K Bhure, V Singh Chouhan, V P Maurya, G Singh, Mihir Sarkar
BMPs and their receptors modulate the granulosa cell (GC) function in the follicle of domestic animals. Since little is known on BMPs in the buffalo, the present study was aimed to investigate the expression of BMP2, 4, 6, 7 and their receptors BMPR1A, BMPR1B, BMPR2 in the GC and theca cells (TC) of ovarian follicles and the role of BMP4 and BMP7 on buffalo GC. Follicles were classified into four groups based on size and E2 level in the follicular fluid as follows: (i) Group1(4-6 mm; <0.5 ng/mL) (ii) Group 2 (7-9 mm; 0...
April 16, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
M J Dickson, C L Hager, A Al-Shaibi, P Q Thomas, L H Baumgard, J W Ross, A F Keating
Environmental conditions that impede heat dissipation and increase body temperature cause heat stress (HS). The study objective was to evaluate impacts of HS on the follicular phase of the estrous cycle. Post-pubertal gilts (126.0 ± 21.6 kg) were orally administered altrenogest to synchronize estrus, and subjected to either 5 d of thermal neutral (TN; 20.3 ± 0.5°C; n = 6) or cyclical HS (25.4 - 31.9°C; n = 6) conditions during the follicular phase preceding behavioral estrus. On d 5, blood samples were obtained, gilts were euthanized, and ovaries collected...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Lieselot Croes, Matthias Beyens, Erik Fransen, Joe Ibrahim, Wim Vanden Berghe, Arvid Suls, Marc Peeters, Patrick Pauwels, Guy Van Camp, Ken Op de Beeck
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women worldwide. Biomarkers for early detection and prognosis of these patients are needed. We hypothesized that deafness , autosomal dominant 5 ( DFNA5 ) may be a valuable biomarker, based upon strong indications for its role as tumor suppressor gene and its function in regulated cell death. In this study, we aimed to analyze DFNA5 methylation and expression in the largest breast cancer cohort to date using publicly available data from TCGA, in order to further unravel the role of DFNA5 as detection and/or prognostic marker in breast cancer...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
Michel Hauser, Mark Siegrist, Irene Keller, Willy Hofstetter
Bisphosphonates (BP) are inhibitors of bone resorption and are used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis. Long-term treatment with BP attenuates bone remodeling, possibly leading to detrimental consequences for the bones' ability to repair defects. To test this hypothesis, an animal model was established. Twelve week old mice were ovariectomized (OVX). Following confirmation of bone loss 8 weeks after OVX, the animals were treated with Alendronate (ALN) until sacrifice. After 5 weeks of ALN injections, the femoral bones were osteotomized and the osteotomies were either rigidly or non-rigidly stabilized...
April 20, 2018: Bone
Ceyda Tunakan Dalgıç, Fatma Düşünür Günsen, Gökten Bulut, Emine Nihal Mete Gökmen, Aytül Zerrin Sin
Hereditary angioedema due to C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) is a rare, autosomal dominant disorder. The management of pregnant patients with C1-INH-HAE is a challenge for the physician. Intravenous plasma-derived nanofiltered C1-INH (pdC1INH) is the only recommended option throughout pregnancy, postpartum, and breastfeeding period. In order to increase pregnancy rates, physicians use fertilization therapies increasing endogen levels of estrogens. Therefore, these techniques can provoke an increase in the number and severity of edema attacks in C1-INH-HAE...
2018: Case Reports in Immunology
Ema Herrera-Lopez, Osvaldo Castelan-Martinez, Fernando Suarez-Sanchez, Jaime H Gomez-Zamudio, Jose J Peralta-Romero, Miguel Cruz, Adan Valladares-Salgado
AIM: To determine the association between the rs1256031 polymorphism and risk of developing type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases and controls study. 597 individuals with type 2 diabetes and 605 without it participated. Genotyping of the rs1256031 polymorphism of the ERβ gene was performed by real-time PCR using TaqMan assay. For the multivariate analysis, a multiple logistic regression was performed that included the main confounding variables. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A multiple logistic regression analysis was performed, adjusting for age, WHR, BMI and gender...
April 12, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Wenting Song, Qian S Liu, Zhendong Sun, Xiaoxi Yang, Qunfang Zhou, Guibin Jiang
Polyfluorinated iodine alkanes (PFIs) are a kind of emerging chemicals with endocrine disrupting effects. Based on the different binding preferences of PFIs to estrogen receptor alpha and beta isoforms (ERα and β), two representative PFIs, dodecafluoro-1,6-diiodohexane (PFHxDI) and tridecafluorohexyl iodide (PFHxI), were selected to evaluate their effects on the proliferation of two kinds of breast cancer cells with different ERα/β expression levels, MCF-7 and T47D. The cell viability assay showed PFHxDI could cause higher cellular toxicity than did PFHxI in both MCF-7 and T47D...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Gretl Hendrickx, Vere M Borra, Ellen Steenackers, Timur A Yorgan, Christophe Hermans, Eveline Boudin, Jérôme J Waterval, Ineke D C Jansen, Tolunay Beker Aydemir, Niels Kamerling, Geert J Behets, Christine Plumeyer, Patrick C D'Haese, Björn Busse, Vincent Everts, Martin Lammens, Geert Mortier, Robert J Cousins, Thorsten Schinke, Robert J Stokroos, Johannes J Manni, Wim Van Hul
Hyperostosis Cranialis Interna (HCI) is a rare bone disorder characterized by progressive intracranial bone overgrowth at the skull. Here we identified by whole-exome sequencing a dominant mutation (L441R) in SLC39A14 (ZIP14). We show that L441R ZIP14 is no longer trafficked towards the plasma membrane and excessively accumulates intracellular zinc, resulting in hyper-activation of cAMP-CREB and NFAT signaling. Conditional knock-in mice overexpressing L438R Zip14 in osteoblasts have a severe skeletal phenotype marked by a drastic increase in cortical thickness due to an enhanced endosteal bone formation, resembling the underlying pathology in HCI patients...
April 5, 2018: PLoS Genetics
Fengsong Zhang, Linsheng Yang, Xia Liu, Yanxia Li, Huajun Fang, Xingrun Wang, Njud S Alharbi, Jiaxing Li
Steroid estrogens, such as 17β-estradiol (E2), in animal manure pose a potential threat to the aquatic environment. The transport and estrogenicity of estrogens influence the sorption of estrogens to dissolved organic matter (DOM) in animal manure, and composting treatment alters the structure and composition of the manure. The objectives of the present study were to identify the contribution of the molecular composition of DOM of composted manure to the sorption of E2 and then elucidate the dominant mechanisms involved in the interaction of E2 with manure-derived DOM...
April 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Wei Wei, Zilong You, Shanshan Sun, Yuhang Wang, Xianyu Zhang, Da Pang, Yongdong Jiang
Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4 (FGFR4) belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family, and FGFR4 polymorphisms have been implicated in both normal development and cancer, including breast cancer. In the present study, we investigated correlations between polymorphisms in FGFR4 and breast cancer prognosis. The FGFR4 SNPs rs1966265 and rs351855 were genotyped in 747 breast cancer patients using the SNaPshot method. FGFR4 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry in 339 samples. SNP rs351855 was correlated with FGFR4 protein expression under dominant and co-dominant models...
March 30, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Mariko Kojima, Tatsuya Nagano, Kyosuke Nakata, Shigeo Hara, Naoko Katsurada, Masatsugu Yamamoto, Motoko Tachihara, Hiroshi Kamiryo, Kazuyuki Kobayashi, Takeshi Usui, Yoshihiro Nishimura
Hypoparathyroidism with sensorineural deafness and renal dysplasia (HDR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant condition caused by mutations of the gene encoding the dual zinc-finger transcription factor, GATA3. A previous study identified some patients with GATA3 gene variants and breast cancer, suggesting that GATA3 variants may contribute to tumorigenesis in estrogen receptor 1-positive breast tumors; however, these patients did not have HDR syndrome. A 32-year-old nonsmoking Japanese woman was histologically diagnosed with lung squamous cell carcinoma associated with HDR syndrome and a c...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Seema Patel, Ahmad Homaei, Akondi Butchi Raju, Biswa Ranjan Meher
Estrogen is a pivotal enzyme for survival and health in both genders, though their quantum, tropism, tissue-specific distribution, and receptor affinity varies with different phases of life. Converted from androgen via aromatase enzyme, this hormone is indispensable to glucose homeostasis, immune robustness, bone health, cardiovascular health, fertility, and neural functions. However, estrogen is at the center of almost all human pathologies as well-infectious, autoimmune, metabolic to degenerative. Both hypo and hyper level of estrogen has been linked to chronic and acute diseases...
June 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Rasa Tamosiuniene, Olga Manouvakhova, Paul Mesange, Toshie Saito, Jin Qian, Mrinmoy Sanyal, Yu-Chun Lin, Linh P Nguyen, Amir Luria, Allen B Tu, Joshua M Sante, Marlene Rabinovitch, Desmond J Fitzgerald, Brian B Graham, Aida Habtezion, Norbert F Voelkel, Laure Aurelian, Mark R Nicolls
<u>Rationale:</u> Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH) is a life-threatening condition associated with immune dysregulation and abnormal regulatory T cell (Treg) activity, but it is currently unknown whether and how abnormal Treg function differentially affects males and females. <u>Objective:</u> To evaluate whether and how Treg-deficiency differentially affects male and female rats in experimental PH. <u>Methods and Results:</u> Male and female athymic rnu/rnu rats, lacking Tregs, were treated with the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) inhibitor SU5416 or chronic hypoxia and evaluated for PH; some animals underwent Treg immune reconstitution (IR) before SU5416 administration...
March 15, 2018: Circulation Research
Liang Tang, Jianming Li, Meihua Bao, Ju Xiang, Yiwei Chen, Yan Wang
Objective: The estrogen receptor (ER) and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) each play an important role in female cancers. This study aimed to investigate the genetic association between three common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of ovarian cancer. The SNPs investigated in this study were ESR2 rs1271572 and rs3020450 and HER2 rs1801200. Methods: In this study, databases were electronically searched in a meta-analysis. Databases used were PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang and Cochrane library...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Yoko Miyamoto, Hiroaki Kawaguchi, Akihide Tanimoto
The aim of this study is to investigate the changes with age on morphology and sex hormone receptor expression in the mammary glands of male Sprague-Dawley rats, focusing on male-specific cells, "oxyphilic cells", observed after sexual maturity. The mammary glands of male rats at 14, 21, 35, 50, 75 and 100 days old were examined by gross observation, microscopic observation using whole mount specimens, histological and immunohistochemical sections. Grossly, mammary glands showed brown color at 50-100 days old...
March 9, 2018: Experimental Animals
Sok Kuan Wong, Nur-Vaizura Mohamad, Putri Ayu Jayusman, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid, Soelaiman Ima-Nirwana, Kok-Yong Chin
Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) represent a class of drugs that act as agonist or antagonist for estrogen receptor in a tissue-specific manner. The SERMs drugs are initially used for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Bone health in prostate cancer patients has become a significant concern, whereby patients undergo androgen deprivation therapy is often associated with deleterious effects on bone. Previous preclinical and epidemiological findings showed that estrogens play a dominant role in improving bone health as compared to testosterone in men...
March 6, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
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